Fair to-day and to-morrow ; little change
in temperature; gentle winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 88; lowest, 66.
Detailed weather reports on lt page.
IT SHINES FOP, ALL
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 324.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, JULY 21, 1918. etopirrlflM, 5 tht Sun Printing and PuMUntaf Aiiodatlon.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
GERMANS FORCED TO RETREA T ACROSS MARNE;
WITHDRAW QUICKLY TO SAVE ARMY IN WEDGE;
20, 000 PRISONERS AND 400 GUNS ARE NOW HELD
40 MEN MISSING
SAB DIEGO CREW
Mines Near Scene of Disas
ter Discredit Theory TJ.
it Sank Cruiser.
!.::- X SHIP'S COMPANY
Sang "Star Spangled
llnnner" as They Took to
Water After Explosion.
Not mors than forty sailors lost their
lives when the United States cruiser
Ran Diego was sunk off Firs Island on
Forty Is a maximum number. It Is
rot expected that that number -will be
shown to have perished when the ship's
Hits are fully checked up, but because
all the records on board went down with
her a full count cannot be made until
ether lists, kept In flies ashore, have
been compared and corrected. When
fully manned for war the San Diego
carried no more than 1,250 all told.
A careful checking up of survivors
jesterday showed that 1,210 men es
caped. This number Includes all the
officers. And not only did the great
proportion of those on board come away
In safety but the majority came away
without even minor Injuries.
So far It Is certain three men were
killed by the explosion which destroyed
the vessel. They are:
Thomas E. Davis, engine man, Canton,
Frailer O. Thomas, machinist's mate.
Charleston. W. Va.
James F. llochet, engine man. Blue
1 ,210 Arconnted For.
Survivors to the number of 1.110 were
accounted for yesterday In a counUsnaA
on the United States transport piers In
Hoboken, where most of the men were
landed by three steamships which had
picked them up a short time after their
vessel was destroyed. They were a
l'ealthv. hRrpy lot. With them stood
the officers and men who were landed
at l'otnt o' Woods on Friday after
noon, they having preceded their ship
mates by land. Some of the men were
In odds and ends of clothing lent tnem
by their rescuers, for they had undressed
themselves In the water after they
dived from tholr ship In anticipation of
a long swim.
The men were kept on the plera for
more than three hours until every name
had been counted and the roll called
three or four ways. Then, arrayed In
immaculate duck, they were given shore
leave to inspect the great city and
started upon their evening ramble as
though they had never known disaster
Crew rrnlsed for nrisverr.
A report of the vessel's sinking made
public last night by Rear Admiral
Palmer gives a vivid picture of the
splendid discipline prevailing on board
from the moment the ship was hit until
the order was given to abandon her.
It Is couched in official language, and
Is Intended only for navy archives,
liut It shows Cnpt. Christy himself drop
ping from deck to deck to the very vitals
of the vessel so that he might see for
hlmelf what injury she had taken and
possibly ascertain Us cause. It shows
other officers in the flooded engine roqm,
ihetr faces calm, their men standing as
calmly about them at their last duties.
hile water poured in through the hole
in 'he ship's side.
It tells of the gun crews up to their
hliia In water and stnndlng doggedly by
the guns In the hope that there might
be a parting chanco to get the sub
marlno supposed to have attacked them.
And It shows all handB masters of them-
n-;es and climbing the .vessel's bilge
as she slowly rolled qver, ready to go
duun with her if that should be re
quired in the day's work. And It does
not mention any 'undue alacrity when
tne men, receiving the order to abandon
hlp. let themselves slip Into the water.
Cpt Christy gave the order in plenty
cf time for them to swim clear, but only
Mien he was certain that there was no
urthly chance of saving her.
Mine ar Scene of Dimeter.
Vi hilo there still lingers In the mind
of dpt. 11. II, Christy, commander of
thi San Diego, a suspicion that the ship
as drsttoyed by a torpedo the finding
. dawn yesterday of a half dozen mines
ia 'he neiihborhood where the war ves
Ml went down makes it virtually cer
tain that she came In contact with a
The. mines were discovered and ex
ported by United States airplanes, whose
Hli' from their positions in the air
eie able to Identify them easily. The
""Manes flrcd upon each one as soon
si it was perceived, and all that were
en wo.io exploded. No close examlna
t un , cuij be made of them, but be
ciui the navy knows absolutely that
no Anu-rlcnn mine Is missing from its
moorings there is no doubt that the
mir.es off Fire Island were German.
However, the presence of German
n 'nes off the American coast does not
necessarily Indicate the presence of sub-
Continued on Third Pag.
OF BOYS FALLS
News Comes When Home
of Colonel Is in Grief Over
INJUItY NOT SERIOUS
Theodoro- Jr.'s "Wife Cables
Reassuring Word to Saga
Wnr wrote Its horrors deep into the
heart of Theodore Roosevelt yesterday.
Within a few hours the one time Presi
dent had wrested from him the last ves
tige of hope that fate might have spared
his youngest son, Quentln, from death
behind the German lines, and then was
summoned from Uic side of his grief
stricken wife to receive a cable message
which announced that his eldest son.
Major Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., had been
slightly wounded In action and had been
taken from the firing line to a hoepltal
Now only one of the Colonel's four
sons remains untouched by the scourge
of warfare. He is Capt. Kermtt Roose
velt, recently transferred from the Brit
ish to the United States Army and who
Is on his way from Mesopotamia to join
the American Expeditionary Forces In
France. Though Capt, Kermlt Roose
velt has yet to feel the sting of a Hun
bullet he wears on his breast the British
Military Cross, awarded to him for gal
lantry in action. Capt. Archie Roose
velt, the Colonel's other son. Is recover
ing slowly from wounds which he re
ceived In action last March, but which.
It has been reported, are likely to render
him permanently crippled.
'Ted Wounded Not Any Danger."
r Word that Major Theodore Roosevelt
had been wounded was received early In
the evening from young Theodore's wife,
who Is In Paris engaged in Red Cross
work. This message said : i
"Ted wounded. Not seriously. Here
with me. Not any danger. No cause
When It came the announcement of
Major Theodore Roosevelt's misfortune
found his distinguished father already
plunged In grief as the result of early
cable despatches from Paris which had
Informed him that German aviators fly
ing low over a sector of the battle lines
In France being held by American
troops had dropped notes announcing
that Quentln Roosevelt had been killed
In the spectacular plunge of his battle
plane from above the clouds during a
battle with a squadron of Hun airmen.
Until thoee messages were received at
Oyster Day both the Colonel and Mrs.
Roosevelt still wero buoyed with hope
that the uncertainty which marked pre
vious messages regarding Quentin's
plight might yet yield the announcsment
that he had not been killed.
Ilnd Ileen GnMed In Action.
The wounding of Major Theodore
Roosevelt Is the second time he has been
put out of the big fight on the western
front. Three weeks ago he earned a.
citation for gallantry after being gassed
while stnndlng heroically with his men
during a severe bombardment of their
positions. He went abroad with tne
first contingents of American troops
under Gen. Pershing and has been In
the thick of the fighting ever since the
Americans moved up to the fighting
lines from their training camps.
Confirmation from German sources of
the press reports that Lieut, Quentln
Roosevelt had been killed louna tne
young flier's parents expecting such
news. Although they continued to hope,
and had their fondest wishes strength
ened by word from Gen. Pershing and
Secretary of War Haker, the nature of
the unofficial press despatches led them
to reallie that in all probability those
rpTiorts wore accurate. While they
maintained an outward appearance of
cheerfulness It was plain that the hope
to which they gave expression to tneir
friends found but little rtsponse In their
Tn the last, however, they nwauea
anxiously another message from Mrs.
Theodore Roosevelt, who on the night
tvmt Announcement first was mane or
Quentin's death sent word from Paris
that the report was absolutely uncon
firmed there. When the Paris cable
gram from her arrived at the Roose
velt home In Oyster nay last nigm
was thought at first to be another mes
sage In relation to the fate of Quentln.
No Details ot iuentln Death.
In the messages that announced the
German airmen hnd confirmed the death
of the young aviator none of the de
tails of the accident that befell him
were contained. Instead they stated
merely that the notes had been dropped,
without referring even to the sector at
which the news was received. From
the earllor despntcnes u wkji kiiuwh,
however, that Quentln had been plunged
downward In the Chateau Thierry sec
tor during a combat between American
and German airmen ten miles Inside the
Two machines attacked I.leut. Roose
velt. One of the three was seen to
tumble out of the air, Hut it was npt
until he could not be found nfter the
Continued on Eighth Page.
Ludendorff Assumes '
Special Cable Despatch to Tns Sun.
Copyright, IMS; all rightt reterved.
pARIS, July 20. "What has
become, of Field Marshal von
Hlndenburg?" asks Matin to-day.
German newspapers of date of
Wednesday publish communiques
over the signature of "Luden
dorfT, First Quartermaster." A
German radiogram yesterday
published an official communique
signed "Ludendorff, Chief of
-It may bo that Gen. Luden
dorff has been elevated within
the last two days, but the opin
ion is expressed here that it
would be strange and a surprising
coincidence, occurring simultane
ously with the collapse of the
The title of Chief of the Gen
eral Staff has been that of Field
Marshal von Hlndenburg since
he succeeded Field Marshal von
Falkenhayn in 1916.
Silence Over American Force
at Front Angers Kaiser's
IGNORANT OF STRENGTH
Studious Refusal to Mention
Operations of Pershing's
Special Cablt Despatch to Tax Six.
Copyright, 1111; alt rightt rettrved.
London, July 20. Despatches from
Geneva to the Daily Kxpreas report that
South German newspapers In com
menting upon the American successes In
receltt fighting demand that the German
General Staff should publish "the facts
concerning the American peril." It Is
evident, the correspoilent odds', that
they are Ignorant of the strength of the
American forces on the western front.
Slnco the American troops began ar
riving In France and since they hive
participated In the recent flshtlng the
German General Staff has marto a stu
dious effort to avoid mention of the
American forces and has attributed nil
the recent drive to the French when
admitting that the enemy has made
attacks. German newspapers, however,
In "follow the leader" fashion have dep
recated the numbers of Americans and
the actual strength and their abilities.
Evidently the German people now are
becoming aware of the strength and
the determination of the Americans and
Insist upon knowing more of the new
force. Capt. von SaUmann. the military
commentator of the Vostichti Zeitung,
draws serious attention to American par
ticipation In the fighting. He compares
It to. the "oncoming thunderstorm whose
black clouds are a menace" and then
adds : "Nevertheless these clouds may re
main only a menace and tin tempest
pass by. A decision can only be at
tained by a far reaching paralyzatlon of
the enemy's Initiative,
"Personally I see a decision before us
In the fact that our enemies declare
themselves prepared for negotiation on
a baBls of equality. On this basis we
could matte good every claim regarding
our future development which we deem
It Is not without significance that
Capt. von Salzmann, who Is the mouth-
plocu of Geiman headquarters, should
advance the suggestions at a time
when the German offensives threaten to
to end In a total failure.
GAINS NEAR SOISSONS
Menace to Paris Region Be
lieved to Be Averted.
Paris, July 20.- The Germans have
been forced to bring up 100,000 reserves
to tbe nrmy of the German Crown
Prince as a result of yesterday's fight
ing and tho French and Americans, after
fluctuations, have been enabled strongly
to fortify tho newly gained positions
southwest of Solssons, says Marcel
Hutln In the Kcho le Pari.
M. Hutln adds that the enemy mennce
toward the Paris region has been frus
trated and that the efforts of the Crown
Prince against Hpernay, Mnntmlrall
and Rhelms have gone for nought.
The battle begun late yesterday con.
tlnued with fierceness into the night, tho
Germans losing better positions to the
Allies, who are fighting uphill. The ad
vance Is being von foot by foot, owing
to the huge reserves thrown lnto sup
port the Crown Prince.
To change the front In the middle of a
battle, such as Napoleon was obliged to
carry out at Waterloo and l.elpzlg, Is a
difficult proceeding, points out Major de
Clvrleux. Notwithstanding tho contin
uity of the front conditions of warfare
have changed less than lias been
thought, he adds, and the situation of
an army engaged In offensive drives
which la suddenly confronted by a Hank
attack as strong as it Is unexpected, Is
NEW ATTACK ON
Americans and French Go
More Than a Mile Deeper
in Renewed Battling.
SQUEEZING GERMAN TRAP
Allies Now Within Artillery
Range of Crown Prince's
Sources of Supply.
Special Cabtr Dttpatch to Tne Sex.
Copyright, 1H! all rightt rettrved.
With the American Ahmt in
France, July 20. The Americans were
checked last night by the counter at
tacks of the German reserves, hurried
ly thrown In to hold the battle line,
but this morning our soldiers launched
a new attack south of Solssons. simul
taneously with French attacks on
other parts of the front, which are re-
i ported to bo progressing favorably.
The prisoners captured by the Amer
icans now total 13S officers, 5,691 men.
of whom 123 officers and 6,027 men
were taken on the north part of the
By the Attoclated Fret:
With tub American Armt in Francs,
July 20. The French and Americans
pqueesed the sack In which the Germans
appear to be caught somewhat tighter
to-day. At midday they had made an
average gain of more than a mile along
the Chateau Thlerry-Solssuim line, while
another gain of a similar distance had
been made south of the Marne and eaJt
of Chateau Thierry toward Solssons.
The advance has brought the Allies
within artillery striking distance of the
Junction of the railroad serving the
n.rm,ni n n line nf communication.
The Junction already is under fire, and
unless the desperate attempt which the
Germans arc making to hold it is sue-
cebsful, thousands nf the Crown Prince's
men may bo cut ofT and forced to retreat.
A less powerful effort Is being made
by the French and Americans eastward
of Chateau Thierry, except In front of
the position where the Germans crossed
the Marne. The fighting Is compara
tively light east of Chateau Thierry,
except at the river, where the most stub
born resistance of the Germans was un
able to check tho Allies, who at one
point moved forward half a mile.
Untile- llngri All Xlalit.
The battle raged all night, and at
dawn this morning the Germans In- i
creased their artillery fire, attaining a
greater degree than In any artillery
work since Thursday.
With daylight the airmen of the Allies
were able to report on their own artil
lery fire and said that It had been ef
fective. Men In observation balloons
also reported the fire was destructive on
the German positions. Numerous bomb
ing raids also were carried out by the
airmen In the morning.
In the fighting sines Thursday one
American unit has taken 2,889 prison
ers, including ninety-one officers, while
another American unit on the northern
front has captured 2,261, Including
thirty-two officers. Among the pris
oners were a Colonel and two Majors,
all in one group.
The developments to-day showed that
the battle line was being extended along
the entire front in the tone ot the
counter attack from the Alsne to the
Marne. Though the operations In the
north lack the dash of the early days
of the offensive, the Franco-Americans
continue the steady pounding of their
section of the line.
The attempts of the Crown Prince's
Generals to rally their forces to meet
the steady movement of the Allies has
resulted In such strengthening of the
opposition as to Indicate that the battle
is approaching the point when the ar
mies will soon be locked In a giant
Both on the northern end of tho line
and further soutn the reenforced Ger
mans are making a desperate effort to
hold their positions.
AdvunrliiK Oifr Grriiinii Ilenil.
By the Attoclattd Prttt.
With the Amkrican Armt Hetwcek
tub Aihnb and the Marne, Friday, July
Continued on Second Page.
Over the Top With
Our Troops Come On!
T ET'S share the glory of the
victory in France by helping
our boys win. Whatever makes
them better fighters, happier
men, contributes to the triumph.
They're giving their all for us.
Let's give our little bit for them.
They want smokes. THE SUN
Tobacco Fund will supply them
if you send your offering. See
page 1, Section 7.
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
OF GEN. FOCH
Ludendorff Believed Allied
Leader Would Not Strike
SOISSONS LINE WEAK
German General's Mistake
Same as That Made by Von
Kluck and Nicholas.
Special Cable Despatch to tar. Scs.
Copyright, HIS; all rightt referred.
London, July 20. The General of
the allied armies who described Gen.
Foch's strategy, genius and patience
In an Interview cabled to The Sun on
June 13 says that the last week's mili
tary developments possess the greatest
possibilities for the Allies.
He points out that Gen. Ludendorff,
In changing his main attack from the
region of Solssons to Champagne, from
the west to the south and southeast.
and In shifting the bulk of his reserves
accordingly to provide the requisite
masses for manoeuvring, realized that
he would be presenting to the Franco
American army covering the western
sector of the great entrenched camp In
front of Paris a denuded and therefore
vulnerable flank guard. The allied Gen
"Gen. Ludendorff thus repeated not
only Gen. von Kluck's mistake of Sep
tember, 1914, but also that of the Grand
Duke Nicholas In the spring of 1915.
After a brilliant onrush almost to the
very gates of Cracow the Russian leader
suddenly altered his direction. Leav
ing a feeble protective force to mask the
Gallclan fortress he endeavored to hack
his way across the Carpathian passes to
the plains ot Hungary.
"As we know. Gen. Mackensen dealt
unexpected lightning blow at the ex-
i- .u... u.... mi mm rau.i.
, to the Grand Duke's campaign.
I.ndrmlnrfT Iluifuril Delusion.
"Why then did Gen. Ludendorff, fully
aware of the risk he was incurring:, de
cide ncverthless to take those risks?
The only plausible explanation of strat
egy which this time was badly at fault.
Is to be sought on a psychological basis.
I can only Imagine that Ludendorff
acted as he did, disregarding the most
elementary caution, because he had con
vinced himself that Gen. Foch and the
allied high command of the Entente Gov
ernments were determined not to In
dulge In any ambitious offensives or
counter strokes on a largo scale until
'This supposition on the part of the
German commander was probably fur
ther strengthened by the cessation of
the brilliant series of French-American
local f counter attacks between Com-
plogne and Chateau Thierry of a fort
"Finally Ludendorff assumed that
whether ho broke through east or west
of Rhelms or on both sides simultane
ously he would at last cross the Marne
nml break through one sector or another.
Then Gen. Foch so the Oermin General
argued would Immediately rush up the
bulk of the Franco-American reserves
covering Paris in order to block the
Mlsjndsrefl Koch's Plans.
"This 1s precisely the point at which
Gen. Ludendorff's Interpretation of his
opponent's Intentions went hopelessly
wrorrj. He mistook Foch for a doctri
naire, as also for a believer In numbers
alone as a cuarantec of victory. He
thought that Foch would not take the
Inltlatlvuntll Itoth absolutely and rela
tively heiossessed numerical superiority.
Yet all the time Foch was only waiting
the opportunity of catching his opponent
either off hlB guard or In a disadvan
tageous position which would redress
any disparity In numbers and especially
would overcome the handicap of being
compelled to operate along exterior lines.
"That opportunity came when Gen.
Foch, steadfastly refusing to rush the
Franco-American reserves to points
threatened by Gen. Ludendorff's thrust
kept them to tho west of Paris and to
the east of Rhelms, while permitting the
Germans to drive a salient In tho centre
across the Marne.
"Then, Instead of svtklng to check the
German advance by the roundabout and
probably futllo accumulation of his
strategic reserves, brought from a great
distance. Gen. Foch reversed his whole
position at one blow by striking at the
main supply artery of tho German mass
manoeuvre on the Marne.
"The Allies not only nre strong north
of Paris but they nre strong north of
Chalons and they may bo even stronger
in the Compiegne-Amtens sector."
VIENNA PAPER SEEKS FEEED0M
Renounces Subsidy Ho It May At
tn ck Government.
Amktkroam, July 20. A Vienna des
patch to the Cologno Oazrltc says that
the Beml-otTlclal Prrmdmolatt has re
nounced Its Foreign Office subsidy to
have ii free hand toward the Austrian
Tho Foreign Office had complained
of the newspaper's nttltude and de
manded that It be at least neutral.
CAVES RAIDED WITH
GRENADES IN SEARCH
FOR HIDING GERMANS
Private, Hunting Souvenirs, Slays Two and Takes Two
Boches Prisoner "Fighting Sky Pilot" Stuns One
, Foe and Kills Another With Gun.
Special Cable Detpatch to Tae Sex and the Public Ledger.
Copyright, 1911; alf rlghti reserved.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, July 20. The French
towns In the recaptured area west of tho connecting highway between
Chateau Thierry and Solssons which I visited or viewed from a nearby
hilltop present a sad panorama of cellars and shell riddled buildings, but
there Is an Intense satisfaction to tho French people to bo In possession
again of what were once pleasant, prosperous places and still known on
the map as Mlssy-au-Ilols, Dommlers, St. I'lerre Algle, Choudun, Vicrxy,
I.ongpont, VIllers-Helon, Iuatre, Chouy, Anclenvllle, Xoroy, Marlzy. Mon
trou, Passy, Dnmtnnld, Monnes, Torcy, Hautevesnes, St. Oengoulph and I.icy.
Yesterday the Americans, after a spirited attack, ndded to the list the
ruins of another town.
Many of the buildings have shell holes upon both sides, some from the
first year of the war and others of last month, indicating thnt they have
been pepiwred by friend and foe. Years ago when many of the towns were
built the stone was quarried from the neighboring hills; in order to save
the surfuee soli for agriculture and pasture and also to prevent tho dis
figuration of the landscape vast caves
tho SoNsons region.
For protection during tho bombardment of their homes those inhabi
tants who had not fled to other parts of France hid away In the caves.
Soldiers on both sides saw the advantages of these ready made dugouts
and during the shifting fortunes of war they also occupied the catacombs.
U was In these places that many Germans were captured on Thursday.
Desperate Hand to Hand Encounters in Drive.
The Franco-American drive Is not jet finished and there have been
many desperate hand to hand encounters In this region. For the first time
many of these caves are now being used for dugouts by tho American
troopx. In one of them old muskets and pistols of the pattern of a century
ago have lieen unearthed, Indicating an earlier use of the caves as a place
of refuge for fighting men.
Private John Philips, an artilleryman In a regiment of heavies, stole
nwnv from his battery on Thursday night upon a hunt for souvenirs In
thn trenches held hv the Germans
entered the mouth of a hillside cave
German. Rending over to make sure
In need of assistance, he wns set
enine from the rear of the cave, and a terrific flubt followed In the dark
ness. Philips using his revolver freely.
In the end Philips came out of the cave with two prisoners, leaving
two mure dead Germans behind him. When he presented his "souvenirs"
to his battery commander he was forgiven for being absent without leave.
Corporal Hanan of an Infantry regiment, during the height of the
attack saw a German leave his machine gun upon the close approach of
the Americans and dash for another
Hanan called some privates and stationed them at the mouth of the eave,
Then taking some hand grenades he
like a chimney and began tossing them
Grenades Smoke Out Colonel
It was a chimney, the cave having
lug. As the result of Hannn's grenade attack three German officers, one
of them the Colonel of the regiment, and sixty-four privates came out
holding their bunds high In surrender. He had smoked out the regimental
Another cave which I visited Is now being used as a llrst nld station
for both French and Americans. Whites and blacks were together upon
stretchers in the sepulchral interior, but their spirits are high and they
are still a long way from burial.
"See that yonder lad gets prompt attention," said n Lieutenant to
the surgeon, "he and his mute raptured a German tank."
"And I'm going to get another," sioke up the young soldier.
German signs still are upon the walls of the cave. Chnplnlu Bingham
of Alabama, who Is with on Infantry regiment, has earned the name of
tho "lighting sky pilot." On Thursday night he was going from regimental
headquarters to this first nld station In the cave and wandered Into the
enemy lines, where he was attacked by two German privates, who had
boon hiding In a clump of bushes. They used him very roughly, unmindful
of his position, even cutting the buttons off bis coat, kicking him anil using
Roth the Germans said they would never walk behind any American
and they started for their machine gun nest, with Rlngham In the rear. No
sooner bad they taken their positions, both of them tn front of tho chap
lain, than he seized the rllle out of tho hands of one of them and struck
the other over the head with It, stunning him. In tho light that followed
the other German was killed.
The chaplain arrived at the American Held hospital In the cave but
toilless, but triumphant of spirit. Practically nil of our chaplains have
been going over the top with the men nud sticking with them wherever
the regimental standards have been carried.
HOOVER SHOWS 'EM HOW.
Hires House and Is ut 'Work tn It
Tm Hours l.nter.
Lonpon, July 20. Herbert C. Hoover,
the American Food Administrator, who
arrived In Kngland yesterday, gave the
Hrltlsh food officials an example of
hustle to-day. He took over an un
tenanted houso near the American Km
bassy at 9 o'clock this morning, and by
11 o'clock had installed furnlturo and
equipment, and a staff of six stenog-
rapiers and fourteen messenger boys,
with arrangements for others to work In
relays day and night throughout Satur
day nnd Hunday.
Two wngonloads of mall wero awaiting
Mr. Hoover on his nrrlval In Ixindon, In
cluding several thousand letters from
school children as a result of a campaign
organised in tie public schools for n
tribute to the United States for Its ef
forts to save food for the Allies.
Itnldrr Over I.'imlmid Driven Off.
Lonpon, July 20. A German airplane
crossed the Kentish coast tils morning
and was driven back by the fire of anti
aircraft guns, according to an official
came Into being, particularly In
before the morning of the attack. He
and discovered the lody of a dead
that the man was not wounded and
upon .suddenly by four Germans, who
cave mouth. Instead of followlnr
climbed the hillside to what looked
and Sixty-four Privates.
been used In the winter as n dwell
URGES DEFIANCE TO WILSON.
llrrlln NrvrvpnpiT nissntlsQril
With llnrlun's Note.
Amsterdam, July 20. Commenting
on tho note recently sent by Haron
Murlan, the Austro-Hungarlan Foreign
Minister, to the Austrian and Hungarian
Premiers, the Tncgllchr Rundechau says:
"It would be well If, instead of agree
ing broadly and cordially with President
Wilson's no-called new terms of July 4,
the untruth of the American President's
utterances were held up to his face and
he were confounded out of his own
mouth Instead of being looked up to as a
leader of men.
"In this respect Count von Hertllng,
tho German Imperial Chancellor, did bet
ter when In his June speech ho said
there wrh no use trying to meet the en
emy further, especially In view of what
we have since heard from America.
"Nothing has changed Hlnce, for Presi
dent Wilson's recent words were, 'There
must be a final ducle-lon, no compromise
and no half decisions,' and his Ambas
sador has Just told the Russian people
plainly that his aim Is the dismember
ment ot Austria-Hungary."
French and Americans Are
Within Mile and a Half
OURCQ SALIENT WIDENS
Forces of Crown Prince Be
low That Stream in Peril
of Being Cut Off.
FIGHTING IS DESPERATE
Foot by Foot Allies Arc Clos
ing In on the Enemy From
LONDON, July 20. "Not n Ger
man remains south of the Marne to
night except the prisoners and the
dead," says the Reutcr correspondent
at French headquarters In n message
filed this evening.
Tremendous fighting was in pro
gress all day yesterday and to-day on
the stretch from Fossoy to Oeullly, n
distance of eighteen miles, and early
In the day the Germans, outfought
and outgeneraled, already had begun
to retrent ocross the river. The
French night rejwrt says that more
than 20,000 prisoners nnd more than
400 guns have been captured up to
date, and the entire southern bank
of the river has been cleared.
The Germans have sent In enor
mous numbers of reserves In an at
tempt to hold tho Franco-Amarlcau
advance on the western side of the
old Marne salient long enough for the
Crown Prince's nrmy to extricate
Itself. That it will succeed In doing
this Is not clear; the probabilities are
that not nil of It will bo nblo tn nsss
'out through tho neck of the pocket
fast lelng narrowed by Gen. Foch's
telling blows, and that the Germans
are on the verge of a great military
disaster. There la still a chance,
however, that the bulk of the Crowu
Prince's army will get out.
Amerlrnna Still Unchecked.
The advance of the Franco-Americans
has not slowed down, except that
Inevitable slowing which of necessity
follows its extremely rapid start. The
Germans, despite their huge reenforce
monts, havo not been able to cheoi It,
and the only loss of sped comes fioin
the necessity of bringing up guns nnd
supplies. As a matter ot fact tho ad
vance made yesterday was better than
that of the preceding day. Attackln,;
most vigorously on tV whole battle
front of twenty-two miles from the
vicinity of Solssons to the village of
Uellenu, five miles northwest of Cha
teau Thierry, the Allies advanced on
an average about a mllo on tho entire
line between noon and 9 o'clock last
night, while on tho Rhelms front the
French advanced 1,000 yards between
Sounlu and Auberivo and made soms
progress near Pourcy. They captured
the town of Marfaux, southeast of
BrltUh troops are taking a hand
In the fighting in this district, ac
cording to tho night report from Paris,
which reports additional gains to-day
on the western stdo of the small
Solssons according to the latest re
ports was still in German hands, but
the French nnd Americans are within
a mile nnd a half of tho city and
American artillery, pustcd on tho
plateaus to the southwest, Is reported
to be doing heavy execution there. The
guns command the city nnd Its ap
proaches, the Allies' advance having
extended from Montnguo do Paris to
the village of Ilelleau, southwest of nr.d
close to Solssons. The penetration ef
fected by the Allies since tho offenstvc
begun Is from seven to ten miles along
tho whole front.
Americans Ntlll lliirril,
In efforts to conceal the truth from
the German people as long ns possible
the German offlclnl statonient to-day
was almost amusing. It asserts coolly
that while the French made simie gains
their thrusts southwest of Sosins, In
the centre of the line and northwest of
Chateau Thierry, wero repulsed, and ft
nlludi-s to enormous losses suffered bv
the French Tho name American still
Is taboo. It does not occur In tho re
port, which, howi-ver, asserts that the
Germans were withdrawn from the .outh
bank of the Mnrno "without being no
ticed by the enemy "
Kaily advices from the field of thn
Franco-American offenslvo between the
Maine and the Alnso report tho allied
linn running as follows:
From Ilelleau northward to tho west
of Monthlers nnd on to Sonm-lans, Mont
Chevlllon, the Hols de Luil, Geronemll
Farm, Lo Plessler Huleu, Parey-Tlgny,
Cllle Montolre, Jlerzy le Sec Courmelles,
Montaigne de lails, Pernant and Fon
tenoy. Ilrnl Orr.-nolw Still to Crime,
The scopo of Gen. Foch's plans has
not yet developed , It is the subject of
much speculation by the military writ
ers 'hero and In the French capital. One
view there, perhaps the prewlllng view.
Is that the drive in still a "local op
eration," designed and carried out for
the protection of Rhelms and that Oen
Foch cannot y?t be ready to undertul.3
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