Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 21, 1918.
How Many Smokes Do You Really Need? Suggestion of Tobac co Ration So Boys Over There May Get Enough Stirs Speculation on Civ ilians' Demands By JOHN WALKER HARRINGTON. SMOKER, how much tobacco does your yearning for the fragrant weed require? The Government Is con sidering putting ns on rations, so that there shall surely be enough- smokes lor the boys over there. We have been think ing of their wants every time we gave coin or coupons to The. Sun Tobacco Fund, but now that a limit is likely to be set we may hare to be weighing our cigarettes and cigars, as we do our sugar. The average cigarette, that is the roll a little short-of three inches in length, usually 2 inches, weiglis three tixty fourths of an ounce without the cork tip. About twenty-one cigarettes to the ounce would be about right. Take a handful of cigars of the brands in ordinary use, conchas, panatelas and such sizes, and put them on the scales Dividing the weight by the number, yot will find that the cigar in common use draws down a quarter of an ounce. As to smoking tobacco, chewing tobacco and snnif it is hard to get a line on human requirements, because the habits of users Tary greatly. Some inveterate dalliers with the briar consume as muen as two Ounces a day. Yearly Atnount Is 7 H Pound. According to the statistics just pub lished in the preliminary announcement of the War Industries Board, every American man, woman or child is en titled to consume 'Y pounds of tobacco a year. Assuming that few women smoke and that most young boys do not get enough tobacco to count, the regular imoker might easily claim a ration of an ounce a day. One of the veteran cigar elcrks of this town, standing in the lee of the plough of the Flatiron Building, made this estimate yesterday as his idea of a human tobacco ration in war time. The cigarette is now the most popular form of using -the soothing herb and it was the first method observed when at A. Columbus discovered America ana me on of smoking. The natives came up to him and his followers pulling away at tiny rolls of leaves which were rolled up in corn husks. No day passes in which every inhabi tant the United States, the babe in the cradle ana mo oiucsv luunuimuk, aum, - fails to smoke at least two-thirds of one. That is the 1916 record, but probably now, if the truth were known, the aver age is one a dny for everybody. Cigarette making has increased by leaps and bounds in the last fifteen years. Half a century ago we were not smoking any of the popular brands now in use and ... f p ii- - n : imported only a icw oi uie ivusaiau mouthpiece variety. In 18C9 internal rev enue taxes amounting to $3,273 were paid on the 1,750,000 cigarettes made in this wmntrv. Bv the vcar 1900 the manufac ture of cigarettes had arisen to nearly three billions a year. Sixteen Billion Rolls in Year. It has been steadily going up year by .year, and in 1913 a little more than four teen billions of the rolls were turned out in this country. The first year of the European war saw a jnmp to 16,427,085, 000. Our soldiers and sailors made a big demand upon the makers for the comfort of the cigarette. The taxes on cigarettes last year amounted to $38,127,168, an in crease of nearly twelve millions over the .previous twelve months. 1 That eminent tobacco statistician, W. ,'w. Young, declares that if the cigarettes were placed end to end for one year in stead of being burned they would make a angle strand bridge which would reach from the earth to the moon, around the moon fivo times, back again to the earth, and then curl around the equator four times, and still have a few hundred miles to spare. These figures do not include the smokes of the men of the army ami .navy who roll their own out of granu lated mixtures which come in musiia Dags.,, 8 'jiffiBP'r -USf "KHBtWBPtBSSw "TrWrw HmfllMfEawaaB PICKING -the TOBACCO Half a dozen of these smoking tobaccos have been commandeered by the Govern ment for the use of the boys over there. Some of them use a two ounce bag of the "makin's" in a day and sometimes they make a bag last two days. Cigarette smoking is ruTher economical with most persons. They smoke the ciga rette pretty close down to the cork rip or to the finger tips, and not much is thrown away, surely not more than 10 per cent, by weight if a smoker is really attending to business. There are men and some women who will consume from thirty to forty ciga rettes in twenty-four hours without being much the worse for it, and at the top limit therefore they arc burning up tobacco at the rate of fourteen ounces a week or in the neighborhood of fifty pounds a year. Is Tobacco Stsndardired? The cigarette has the advantage of being a standardized portion of tobacco, which is more than can be said of cigars and pipe brands. Theoretically only one tenth of the length of a cigar is wasted. Practically there are m-Ji who smoke far less than that, and having no interest in the cold robin throw it away and light another cigar. Men are smoking more closely now and the little cigar and the cigarette are liav ing their innings. A cigar is worse than Dead Sea fruit once its ardor has cooled, while a cigarette is a continuous perform ance until its close, With four average cigars a day, or about one ounce of tobacco, a man can do frery well. By using a holder he can economize on weed, but usually even in the best cigars deposits of tar from the burning accumulate in the end and make the last tenth far from pleasant smoking. The taxes on cigars last year were $24, 800,311, an increase of $2,629,762 over the year before, but, after alK the cigar trade has not gained a great deal. There has been only a small growth of late years in what the trade calls manufactured to bacco that is smoking brands in bags, plug cuts, fine cuts, snuff. In 1913 the country manufactured 8,732,815,000 cigars and cheroots, as compared with the 8,707,625,000 of 1914. Allowance of4 Pounds Each. There were 437,572,088 pounds of to bacco manufactured in 1913, as against the 445,271,954 pounds the year follow ing. This would make it appear that every one of us was getting four and a half pounds of the smoking, chewinp and snuffing varieties in the course of a in considerable quantities of these products were, however, exporW before the war. The demand tor manufactured grades has sb-""1 K3U1S s"" Umted States eniered the war because the Gov ernment collected last year about $35, 000,000 in taxes from them, or more than $2,000?000 more than it obtained the pre ious year. Our soldiers and sailors got a considerable amount of this tobacco. There has been a marked gain in pipe 'uGTTe'me a.'goM pipe for, a soldier,". eri -the RIGHT TIME xs o BULK OUTPU one hears frequently if one stands in a large tobacco establishment. "Good qual ity, but plain and strong, mind yc i." And who is there who can gauge the ration for a pipet The cigar store clerk looked thoughtful as he considered the question. "Give it up," said he. "Was in the service myself once, but that all depends. Some men, who seem to be smoking a deal at that, are using up tobacco so slow - that a pound will last tbem for two months. "A man can, by attending strictly to business, get away with a pound of to bacco a week, but that is unusual, espe cially when good tobaccos run from $120 to $3 a pound. Taken all in all, pipe smoking is economical, although it is sometimes inconvenient. It docs not com- PRIMARY IMPORTANCE 6o comparison. I'hat of Great Britain is 4 pounds, of France 3 and of Italy 2 pounds. Italians never really learn to smoke effectively until they get to the United States. Should we consider our troops as con suming three quarters of an ounce a day to the man their allowance would be seventeen pounds a year each. If an al lowance of two ounces a day were made, which is a large one, according to the ex perts, each man would be consuming ftrty-five pounds a year. Since the beginning of the European war there has been a steady increase in price of American leaf tobacco. From 1912 to 1915 the crops averaged 10.6 cent a pound for leaf, while in 1916 11.7 eents was obtained, and the crop of 1917, under the pressure of demand, had run np to pare in convenience with the dgarette or "'24.9 cents a pound, averaging the various the small all tobacco cigar. As packages grades of leaf. get smaller men arc more saving.' The amount of tobacco acceptable to a soldier or sailor varies with circumstances. The methodical Germans have at times allotted to each soldier two cigars and two cigarettes a day or aboul three-quarters of an ounce of tobacco in other forms as required. France will probably need more than $he has been getting, which would call for conservation here, for most of the tobacco in the French cigarettes, which our soldiers do not relish, is really Amer ican grown. The requirements of the British and French armies combined last year were 120,000,000 pounds. British Give Troops 40 Per Cent. It is reported by the British War Mis sion that the tobacco manufactured prod ucts for 1917 reached 177,000,000 pounds, of which 29 per cent, was in smoking tobacco and the balance in cigarettes. Of this amount the military forces consumed 40 per cent. The estimate was made by the French Minister of Finance for tobacco being a Government monopoly in France he has much to say about it that the output of manufactured products for France would be 135,000,000 pounds, provided the raw materials could be forwarded from the This has been impressed upon all smok ers in the odd prices for cigars, sneh as (5 and 7 and 11 eents, and also in the' higher quotations for their favorite brand of cigarettes and smoking tobaccos. Al though theje are still large stocks of Turkish tobaccos in the warehouses, their prices are constantly rising. Our tobacco ration will be determined upon a careful study of the American crops of the leaf. Land Banks Fast Stabilizing Great Farming-Industry (Continued from preceding page.) on his own account. The Federal LancT Bank system was never designed for'thj class. - , . Thp insolvent farnwr. thn rrat. the I.md hnnorv mnn nMvl fln lfoiher dif ferent type of machinery, sulfas Canada provides in her ready farms, which can be bought on tbMnstalment plan, wliich explains vljrftie majority of im migrants" to Canada EO d'" to 'Dd while the majority of immigrants to this country anT allowed io drift to factory life. And the need is very desperate and iaJXe next step the Government, must United States. France apportoas 40 per to increase the production of food cent, of her tobacco output to her figbe ami to decrews the cost of living, inc men The Minister of Finance in Of the immigrants yearly crowding to Italy is caleaJafing on receiving 75,000,- America in numbers of million" plus a year lur twenty jcara u uuge yivyviuvu 000 Dounds'of leaf tobacco, three-quarters of which is expeclefl irom uie unncu States. Consumption in the army and navy of Italy is put at 45 per cent, of that total. 0 The amount of tobacco available for United States manufacturers from the crop of this year is estimated at 850, 000,000 pounds. How much the civilian population will have and the proportion which will go to the soldiers and sailors and marines beyond the sea with the Stais and Stripes is now keeping the mathe maticians at Washington very busy. Americans, who arc a nervous race and hence are great users of the sedative herb, lead the world in individual consumption of tobacco. ' Our per of 7Wpoun3s.'if year, had been, farmers in their native land. They entered factories, in many' cases saved money and because there was no system to pilot them out to farms re turned with their savings to their native land. This was especially true of Italians. How to convert the renter into a land owner and the floating immigrant into a permanent colonist Mr. Robinson consid ers our next big problem in American ag riculture; and the fad that the Federal land banks have provided a self-sustaining system for the solvent farmer points the way to a similar system, State or Federal, to repopulate abandoned lands in such a way that the sponsors will get their money set dbe la- eanita eonsnmntion back with interest as well as la" a useful. index of ,'sojvent'ana land .hungry upontheir "VV