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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, July 21, 1918, Section 5 Magazine Section, Image 47

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030431/1918-07-21/ed-1/seq-47/

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11
Statesmen and Generals Scrapped in War
ft
THE SUN, SUNDAY. JULY 21. 1018.
Kuehlmann and Ca
dorna Latest Ones
to Be Forced Into
Oblivion by Fatal
Errors of Judgment
By F. CUNLIFFE-OWEN.
SCARCELY a wk passes without
some statesman or some military or
naval commander being discarded and
relegated to the scrap heap. The war,
which a fortnight hence will enter the
fifth year of its existence, has proved
the greatest Hecatomb of hnman life ever
known. It has likewise proved to be a
monster grave of the reputations of the
majority of those who have ligured most
largely in the public eye. War is in every
sense of the word the trial by fire. There
are few indeed who survive its crucial
tests.
Within the last two weeks Richard von
Kuehlmann, the Minister of Foreign Af
fairs of Germany, and Count Cadorna,
the former Generalissimo of the Italian
army, liave been laid upon the shelf in
tuch a fashion as to render it improbable
that they will ever be recalled into the
service of the State. In the case of Kuehl
mann be has conducted himself with such
an utter absence of self-respect and of
dignity as to alienate even the great bus
iness interests of Germany, which had re
garded him as their representative in the
Government, and to render him useless
for their purposes.
Forced to Eat Word Publicly.
After having made a remarkable speech
' in the Reichstag in which he gave ex
- pression to their views as to the necessity
on economic grounds for an early peace,
even without victory, he allowed himself
to be forced by the military junta and
the pan-German leaders at Berlin to de
liver another address in the Reichstag in
which he ate the words of his former
speech, and that, too, in the most abject
manner. Moreover, his abandonment of
the suit for criminal libel against those
Berlin newspapers which had charged
bim with Hagrant immorality while en
gaged at Bucharest in negotiating the
terms of peace with Rumania can only be
construed as a public admission of his
guilt and of his readiness to compromise
the interests of the State and of the Ger
man nation at a critical moment by that
proQigacy which has dishonored many of
the diplomatic representatives of the
Kaiser.
The members of the militarist junta are
thoroughly aware that a peace without vic
tory would mean their own downfall and
flisgrace. For the Kaiser and hi3 precious
son, the Crown Prince, have already
clearly shown their determination to sad
dle upon others the responsibility for the
horrors of the war, for the failure to
achieve victory and for the national ruin,
in the hope that by thus offering scape
goats upon whom the people can vent
their fury nnd their despair the house of
Ilohcnzollcrn may be preserved from its
inevitable doom.
War Directors Fall, Too.
Field Marshal Helmuth von Moltke,
Chief of the General Staff of the German
' Army at the time of the outbreak of the
war, paid the penalty for the Kaisers
interference in the General Staffs plan
of campaign, an interference which was
responsible for Germany's failure to
reach Paris and for her defeat at the
' battle of the Manic in the fall of 1914.
In the same way Gen. von Falkcnhayn,
who superseded Ilclmuth von Moltke as
Chief of the General Staff, was sacri
ficed in order to appease popular dis
appointment and indignation caused by
the Crown Prince's failure to capture
Yerdun, notwithstanding the colossal los3
of Teuton life entailed by his unsuccess-
'fnl operations. There is no doubt that the
Kaiser and the various Teuton royalties
arc seeking to saddle upon the formerly
idolized Field Marshal von Hindenburg
the blame for the lack of success of those
German drives which have been going on
' ever since the spring and thai still con-
tinuo on the front in France and FJan-
ders.
With regard to Count Cadorna, his
downfall has been entirely of his own
making, and his King, who, with a chiv
alry wholly foreign to the Kaiser, is air.
a
ders the blame for the faults of others,
has had no share in his virtual disgrace.
The fate which has overtaken Cadorna is
all the more cruel since the marvellous
successes of the Italian armies on the
northeastern front were achieved under
bis direction.
Even rulers have been relegated to the
scrap heap in connection with the war.
Emperor Nicholas of Russia was de
throned by a revolution. France and
Great Britain found it necessary to assist
Venizclos, one of the master statesmen of
our time, in deposing King Constantine
and his German consort, the sister of the
Kaiser, and in expelling them from
Greece; while England, had no alternative
but to dethrone Khedive Abbas, at Cairo,
and to appoint his uncle, Hussein, as
Sultan of Egypt in his stead, liberated
from any further vassalage to the
Sublime Porte.
In Portugal, President Machedo was
overthrown by a revolution at Lisbon last
year while he was engaged in paying a
round of state visits to the capitals and
to the lighting fronts of tbeyEntcnte.
The leader of the revolutionr has now
taken his place as duly elected President
of the Portuguese Republic, and greatly
to the disgust of the Germans, who be
lieved him to be their friend, President
Paes has shown himself to be even more
devoted to the cause of the Entente than
his predecessor.
in Holland, Premier Cort van der Lin
den, and his Cabinet have been over
thrown as the result of the recent elections,
and we have been called upon to witness
during the past week the advent to office
of a new administration, under the leader
ship of M. Nolens, the chief of the Roman
Catholic party in the Netherlands. That
for the first time since the reformation a
Roman Catholic should be at the head of
the Government can only be construed as
a manifestation of dissatisfaction by the
nation with the policy pursued until now
by the now defunct Van der Linden Cabi
net. That policy has been one of un
friendly neutrality toward the Powers of
the Entente and of altogether unduly
friendly neutrality toward Germany.
Fortunately for Holland, it is appreciated
among the Powers of the Entente that
the people, as distinct from their court
and Government, have been opposed to
that pro-Germanism which has been ram
pant at The Hague.
In Austria-Hungary the latest instance
of a discard has been that of Field Mar
shal Baron Conrad von Hoetzendorff, who
in deference to the peremptory demand
df Emperor William and of the military
of. the work, .to unskilled and. underpaid
w&yydispoaed, o Uafce bpoa'imYdwn shouts workers 'itfrffe&ibacwrt jThel ewiaf ajturer
Dr. Daniel, the East Side's Friend
(Continued from Preceding Page.) is enriched by it because his wage rate is
cut down one-third.
"The fourth and greatest reason i3 that
it shortens the term of hnman life by
robbing a child of his childish pleasures
and periods of growth.'
"How can the hard pressed family get
on without this home workT" I asked.
"By letting the woman work in the fac
tory, where she can earn three times as
much as she does in the home. It will pre
vent such abuses as a woman going on
with the work two hours after her child
was born and a mother who couldn't stop
to weep when her child died because the
work must be finished and got to the
store before C. Naturally you wonder
what will become of the children. They
will be sent to 'day nurseries, all of which
arc cheap, and some of which arc free.
You see home manufacture ought to be
stopped."
From the tightening of little doc-
tor's lips I think, sooner or later, it will.
I am confident she will do her utmost to
stop it. Her utmost is no trifle.
You will not see her photograph re
produced on this page because she never
has had one taken and never will. Profes
sional etiquette discourages it, according
to her view. And picture taking is a
waste of time and money Ihnt can be
bftter spent
by wrapping white cord around balls used
for trimming women's dresses.
i'l knew a little girl of 5 who was
whipped because she cried to go to bed.
Three months later the poor little toiler
of the tenements died of pneumonia, as
might have been expected.
"There aro four sufficient reasons why
manufacturers should be forbidden to
send out homo work and should be pun
ished for violation of the law.
"First, the work is done by the old and
infirm, the sick and by little children.
Neither the aged nor children are strong
enongh for the work. The bending pos
ture strains the eyes and twists the spine.
Numerous cases of spinal curvature begin
in this way.
"Second, there is the danger of com
municable diseases being circulated in this
way. I have known garments to be car
ried from the manufacturers to bo finished
in homes where there was tuberculosis,
typhus, diphtheria or scarlet fever. Ver
min are common carriers of disease and
they pass from the finisher's home into the
purchaser's possession with whatever
deadly germs the insect has accumulated.
"A third reason is that it brings about
lower wages for men and women in the
manufacturing places by sending out part
Not a Nation Has
Escaped Having
Some One Disgraced,
Even Neutrals Be
ing Affected
junta at Berlin ha3 been deprived of life
command-in-chief of the forces of the
Dual Monarchy on the Italian front. The
Field Marshal's entire life has been
devoted to a study of the strategical eon- '
ditions of precisely those portions of
Austria and Italy, which are now the scenti
of the operations against the forces of
Generalissimo Diaz. The dream of his
life has been to eommand-in-chief the
armies of the Dual Empire in a war
against Italy.
And now, because after driving the
Italians baek to the Piave he has failed
to continue in his progress westward and
southward into the Peninsula and is in
the course of being driven back to the
Isonzo by Italy and her allies, beHas
been scrapped, sharing in this respect the
fate of many hundreds of other Anstro
Hungarian commanders, including the
former Generalissimo Archduke Freder
ick, Gen. von Brudcrraan, Archduke En
gene and Gen. Potiorek, the last two of
whom are new under restraint in lunatic
asylums.
Bad Split Seen in Austria.
Prince Berchtold and Count Otfo
car Czernin have both been obliged to
abandon the office of Chancellor and of
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Dnal
Empire at Vienna, while another high
dignitary of the Hapsburg realm who has
been somewhat ignominiously .shelved has
been Prince Montenuovo, in the reign of
the late Emperor Francis Joseph the
most powerful figure at the Court of
Vienna, but now living under a cloud and
in complete obscurity.
Ho is a man of very interesting origip.
For his grandmother was Empress Marie
Louise, the Austrian consort of the first
Napoleon. After the Emperors death at
St. Helena she married her Austrian
chamberlain, the one eyed Field Marshal
Count Ncipperg, whom Sardou in his his
torical play of "Madame Sans-'Gene'
portrays in the role of the Don Juan of
the drama.
Unfortunately Prince Mbntcnuovo's
father was born to Empress Marie Louise
and to Count Adam Neipperg a few '
months prior to the death of Xapoleou
at St. Helena. Being illegitimate, the
extremely proud mediatized house of
Neipperg declined to allow the boy to
bear its name. So the child's grandfather,
Emperor Francis, who under all his ap-'
pearance of sheepish imbecility' had a.
kecn sense of humor, invested him with
the title and name of Prince Montenuovo,
the latter being the Italian translation of
the word Neipperg.
Two British Admirals SheWed.
In England Admiral Lord Jellieoefand
Admiral Lord Fisher, popularly regarded
as the foremost of Great Britain's naval
commanders, have been to all intents and
purposes shelved. So, too, has Field
Marshal Lord French, now, it is true,
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, but super
seded two years ago in his post as Gen
eralissimo of the enormous British armies
in France by Sir Douglas Haig.
Lord Grey of Falloden, the Marquis
ot Urewe, the Marquis of Lansdowne,
Reginald McKenaa, former First Lord of
the Admiralty and Chancellor of tha,,
pxchequer, Lord Haldane and Lord Har
court have all gone by the board. So,
too, has Sir Edward Carson, while the
former Premier Herbert Asquith has
been out of office for the last two vears.
These are but a small percentage of the
names of men who have gone .under since
the beginning of the present war. While
in a few cases their eclipse is merely
temporary, such as, for instance, that of
Herbert Asquith in London and of former
Premier Briand in Paris, in all other
instances' it may be looked upon as- com
plete and as final. ,
There are indeed at the present moment
but two great statesmen whb retain to-day
the same offices which they held at the '
beginning of the present war and whieh
they have continued to fill without inter
ruption. The one is Baron Sidney Son
nino, the half English, Egyptian bor&C -
veteran -Minister of Foreign Affairs ot
. r.rom which you -deduce bbe. is. jnod.-st Italy,.and -WoolruW...Wilsoo, .the.Prcsi-
So do I. Me. tAi at nbiK IwM tdl fOHilenof IhccCnedvStlbesi iW ,LJi
ftii'fi lilu'ltill
ij&fe'f r-tiliiif

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