OCR Interpretation

The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, July 22, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030431/1918-07-22/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Fair, continued warm to-day and prob
ably to-mororw; moderate south winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, go; lowest, 73.
Detailed weather report! on lut p.
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 325.
NEW YORK, MONDAY, JULY 22, 1918. Copyright, 191 , by the Sun Printing and PublttMnp AttoctaUon.
Enemy Overtaken Before
He Is Able to Destroy His
Gnus and Shells.
Entire Lino Cheers When
News Comes That Mnrno
Has Been Cleared.
Special Cablt Despatch to Taa Sun.
Copyright, Ml: all rights reterved.
With tub American Army in
France, July 21. Gen. Foch, Com
mander in Chief of the armies of the
Allies, has ordered that all the
Franco-American troops presslnj; for
ward from Solssons to Chateau
Thierry to Ithelms in the world's
srentest battle be notified that the
Germans have been driven back
across the Marne. The retreat of
the Germans has not been unhindered,
for the Americans nre advancing and
pressing then! southwest and east of
Chateau Thierry.
In extricating himself from the no
longer tenable positions on the south
bank of the Marne the enemy paid
dearly, for the French, Americans
and Italians attacked all the way
from Chateau Thierry to Rhelms,
hastening the general retirement.
The first move of the Germans to re
trace their way over the Marne was
made on Friday under the cover of a
heavy smoke screen. Smoke screens,
however, will not stop shells and
bullets, and the American batteries
unloosed a storm of steel, which
wrought unprecedented slaughter
among the gray clad troops as they
crossed to the north bank, along the
roads on either side arid in the vil
lages through which the Germans
were forced to pass.
Enemy Caught In Trap.
When daylight came the lines of
olive drab and blue moved forward
through green field and woods to the
river which they had so hravely de
fended. For a time a small force of
Germans were caught In a trap on the
bouth side of the river, with the btidge
they had Intended to cross smashed In
the maelstrom of bursting shells. They
grew fewer and fewer until at last
they were all gone. Thus was 'broken
the hold of the Germans on the south
bunk of the most famous river In
Kurope, and the river over which the
Kaiser's men have been forced to re
treat twice In the four years of war.
It is a wonderful thing for the
American people to know that their
soldiers had a hand In this fighting.
Along the Marne and on the whole
front from Solssons to Rhelms and
then on cast almost to Verdun Is un
rolling what may become one of tho
world's most decisive battles a strug
gle for the greatest stakes men ever
fought for, and in which the guiding
genius of Gen. Foch Is showing at
every turn, and in which our own flesh
and blood from New York, from New
Kngland, from the South, the West
and the central States aro playing a
heroic, splendid part.
Objective Alnar Ilrnclied.
Nowhere have they failed 'to carry
thslr objectives. If Koch ordered them to
capture a certain wood It was captured.
If lie told them to advance two kilo
meters in two hours they were at the
appointed place at the appointed time.
-Many of these soldiers never had fired
a shot in anger in their lives, nor lived
tn-ough the agony of seeing a comrade
fall beside them, yet they fought with
the superhuman courage and endurance
of war tried veterans, aflame with the
spirit of freemen and proving to all the
world that they are worthy of America's
test traditions. No honor that thosa
"t home can do them will be too great,
"They fight like heroes," said an en
thusiastic American General to-day, to
v.-hLIi a French General added; "They
are marvellous." These Generals had
just returned from the front northwest
of Chateau Thierry, where now we are
rajilng the benefit from the fine work
and the great sacrifices made a month
Ko by the murines jlI IJoureschcs Wood
and Vaux.
From that strong ground yesterday
nigricans charged forward and wrestcj
frt.ni the enemy the wooded crest of
H I 193, a strong point which threat
Monthlere, and pressed on Into
B ichets Wood, further east, and then
S'ated through the wooded, rolling
coui try that guards Chateau Thierry on
liar lde.
Fu'ther north theeame Americans who
took t'ourchampa attacked north of the
Jtlver ('lignon, and with the French,
stormed Sommelant and Grenoullle and
JtemlkP Farms near by, advancing a mile
Continual on aecond rage.
Tugboat and Four Barges
Not Warned and Shrapnel
Wounds Fleeing Crews.
rrojcctilcs Fall on Shore
Aircraft Bomb Marau
der, Which Escapes.
Orleans, Mass., July 21. A German
submarine attacked the tug Terth Amboy
of the Lehigh Valley Railroad and her
four barges three miles off this town on
the southeastern elbow of Cape Cod at
10:30 A.M. to-day. The bombardment
lasted one hour and a half. The tug
was burned to the water's edge, while
the barges, Lansford, No. 766. No. 403
land No. 740, were sunk by gunfire.
The attack took place In the Atlantic
Just north of Chatham, which Is at the
southeastern extremity of the Cape Cod
Tenlnsula, and three miles south of the
Oi leans Coast Guard Station, midway
between Chatham, at the elbow of the
peninsula, and Highland Light, at the
extreme tip of the cape.
Of the forty-one persons. Including
three women and Ave children, on
board three men were wounded.
AI.NSLEE. CHARLES, captain of th
.Lansford; woundad In both arma by
shrapnel; traatad at the summer home
ot Dr. J. Danforth Taylor of Boston.
nOLOVICH, JOHN, Auatrlan. member of
the Perth Amboy'a crew; arm badly
Tvounded and probably will loie It; aent
to Massachusetts General Hospital, Bos
ton. VITZ, JOHN, Austrian, member of tha
Terth Amboy's crew, one hand blown off;
sent to Massachusetts General Hospital,
The attack was witnessed by large
crowds of natives and summer visitors,
who had flocked to the Cape for the week
end, seeking relief from the heat wave.
All accounts agree that the submarine's
shooting was very bad. Her torpedo
wark was no better, according to CapL
Alnslle of the Lansford. She launched
three torpedoes at the tug and all went
Raider llombed, bat Kscapea.
The attack occurred only a few miles
from tie Naval Aviation Station at
Chatham. Three seaplanes attacked the
raider with bombs, according to Hear
Admiral Spencer S, Wood, commander
of the First Naval District. The fire
was returned, keeping the planes high.
Finally, however, the U-boat submerged
and was last observed heading south.
To-night the tug was still afloat and
It was thought she could be saved. The
net result of the raid from a military
point of lew was not important and It
was obtained at the expenditure of three
torpedoes, which It Is estimated cost the
German Government $IG,000, besides the
ammunition used. The barges were
bound from Gloucester to New York.
Three were empty and the fourth car
ried a cargo of stone.
The appearance of the raider so near
the tracherous shoals and tide rips of
the Cape and her subsequent actions
caused amazement to the thousands of
eye witnesses rather than consternation.
The natives of the Cape could not .under
stand why the sea wolf should waste
shells 'on a fleet of unarmed barges.
It was reported, however, that the
real prey sought by the undersea boat
was a large oolller, northbound. Two
colliers, the Arlington and the J. D.
Kins, passed Orleans Just before the
Perth Amboy was fired upon, but both
passed through the danger zone in
Fosr Illdra Sea Wolf From Prey.
A fog bank lying four miles off shore
hid the U-boat when she was approach
ing her victims. The Perth Amboy,
steaming leisurely through the calm
summer sea, was unaware of the pres
ence of danger until a deckhand sighted
a streak In the water shooting by the
stern. Ilefore he realized that It was a
torpedo two other missiles sped by, wide
of their mark. He shouted a warning.
At the same Instant there was a
flash from tho fog and a shell crashed
through the wheel house. A frag,
ment of the flying steel took off the hand
of Vltz as he grasped the spokes of the
steering wheel. In quick succession
other shots followed, some of which
went wild and some of which struck
, Capt. J. H. Tapley, who was In his
cabin at the time, ran out on deck Just
as the submarine loomed out of the fog
bank, her deck gun flashing out Its storm
of steel. The shells set the tug on Are
and the German turned his attention to
the helpless barges.
Shrapnel bursting over the Lansford,
second In the tow, struck down Capt.
Alnslle. The shooting of the enemy was
amazing. For more than an hour the
blazing tug and the drifting bargeA were
under Are before the enemy succeeded In
getting home enough shots to sink them.
In the meantime tho submarine crept
nearer until her rango was only n few
hundred yards. This at length proved
KUfllcit'iit. The bulges disappeared be-
Continued on Fourth Page.
Americans Shed Their
Blouses to Fight Boches
By the Auociated Prut.
pARIS, July ai. A young
Poilu who was wounded July
'18, early in the morning of the
first day of the offensive begun by
the American and French troops
on the Aisne-Mame battlefront,
came into Paris to-day. He be
longed to a regiment which was
in immediate contact with the
American troops. He lost his
left hand in the fighting, but such
was his vitality that he was walk
ing the streets proudly to-day.
In a conversation to-day the sol
dier said:
"The fighting of the Ameri
cans was a revelation to us. They
could hardly wait until the word
was given to go over the top.
They seemed impatient to get at
the Boches.
"When finally the word came
they leaped over the trenches,
some of them peeling off their
coats after running a few hun
dred meters in the great heat and
fighting in their shirt sleeves."
Victories of Allies Convince
Spain That Propaganda
Was Deceit.
Former Pro-German Critic Has
No More Confidence in
n filsox vor.Mi,
Special Cable Despatch to Tns Sex from the
London Time.
Copyright, 1318; all rights reserved.
Santa ndkr, Spain, July 21. The fail
ure of the great German offensive has
produced a definite effect on Spanish
public opinion, which is reflected also
more clearly In conversational Inter
course, which Is still the main intel
lectual currency of the country. Many
avowed Oermanophiles aro beginning to
waver and the waverers are ranging
themselves on what they now believe
to be the winning side.
In Justice to them, however. It may be
said that the very active propaganda
carried on here since the beginning of
the war genuinely convinced the Ger
manophlles of Germany's good faith
and the certainty of her victory. So
little trouble did the Allies take to lay
their case before the Spanish people
that they are only beginning to find out
that they were misled, and the awaken
ing Is likely to be far reaching.
Special Cable Despatch to Tnc Sun rom the
London Times.
Copyright, 1911; all riahtt reserved.
Stockholm, July 21. The effect
that the failure of the latest German
offensive has produced In neutral coun
tries Is strikingly Illustrated in an ar
ticle to-day In the Dagene .Vynrfer by
the well known military critic, Capt.
B W. Norregaard. Special Interest In
the article lies In the fact that the
writer, whose able analytical reviews
of the mllt'ary situation are published
simultaneously In the leading papers
of all the Scandinavian countries, has
always appeared to derive most of his
Information and estimates from Ger
man sources.
Ho always has taken what allied coun
tries would consider to be an extremely
pro-German point of view. At the pres.
ent moment, however, It Is clear that
Capt. Norregaard's confldence In Ger
many's military power has received a
severe blow. After an examination of
all of the available data, the time occu
pied In preparation for the offensive, the
length of the line assaulted and the
magnitude of the forces employed, he re
jected as untenable the suggestion that
the offensive begun on July 15 may be a
diversion Intended to cover a more Im
portant thrust at Amiens or Paris.
Capt. Norregaard comes to the con
clusion that It must be regarded as
General I.udendorffs maximum effort.
He declines to tie 'himself to this con
clusion solely becauso he finds It almost
Impossible to bellevo that Germany's
greatest military blow should lead to so
miserable a result, but he frankly admits
that all the evidence points In this In
credible direction.
The next few days, Captain Norre
gaard concludes, will remove the hypo
thetical element of the argument by
showing whether a greater thrust else
where was designed. If not, then It Is
his opinion that "July 15 may perhnpe
be reckoned as tho turning point of the
Military opinion In Sweden has un
doubtedly changed a great deal In the
last four months. It has become stead
ily less fashionable to derldo the Ameri
can effort, hut Capt, Norregaard's ar
ticle to-day is tho first clear sign that
those who are so closely connected with
Gel man military circles are at last be
ginning to understand the decisive affect
of American Intervention.
Advance South of Soissons
and Take Villages Near
Chateau Thierry.
Germans Happy When Cap
tured One American Pri
vate Rags a Colonel.
Special Cable Despatch to The Scs from the
London Timet.
Copyright, 1J1S; all rights reterved.
With the American Army in
France, July 21. The American
troops still are advancing In the Alsne
Marne salient. More progress was
made to-day1 near Solssons In the di
rection of the Chateau Thierry-Sols-sons
road, while northwest of Chateau
Thierry several villages were taken,
the men fighting splendidly. Their
spirit Is very high and they are fol
lowing up their successes rapidly.
The Germnns retreated across the
Marne yesterday by boats and bridges,
but left a number of their men behind;
one of them awoke after a night's
sleep to find that his company had
departed. There Is a strange quiet
ness all along the Marne Valley, which
suggests that the enemy -Is .retiring
and that his artillery Is Well on Its
way to the rear.
Prisoners, llrottftht In.
The number of prisoners la Increasing
hourly ; I saw many on the road yes
terday. At a town behind the Solssons
front they were a remarkable sight.
Headed by at least thirty officers a pro
cession four deep stretched fully a mile,
well built young men apparently In ex
cellent condition, happy, with smiles on
their faces, confirming recent reports of
the low morale of the enemy. As they
passed the towns people cried Ironically
"Nach Paris." A smile and a shake of
the head was the only reply.
Of two Colonels captured, one, a Ba
varian, fell to the Americans. So rapid
had been their advance that they trapped
him and the staff at a post In a quarry.
He was brought In by a private, who ex
claimed: "Ixwk nt me! I'm a fine bte
guy, bringing In a Colonel !"
Grrninn Troops Confused.
Some of the German divisions to
which the prisoners belonged are in con
siderable confusion. An American unit
near Solssons brought In fifty-six pris
oners from not less than five different
divisions. So far captives from seven
divisions hae been Identified by this
unit alone. Of the three German di
visions which fought this unit one was
put out of action altogether by Its losses,
the tecond was badly mauled and the
third Is now fighting with the remnants
of other divisions; In such plight is the
enemy in this region.
Two American units In the Solssons
area alone captured 123 ofllcers. 5,027
men, 460 machine guns, a number of
field guns and other booty. This is the
reply of the American to the sneers of
the Ge-man War Minister.
In the Marne region a prisoner who
speaks English was asked why. In his
opinion, the Americans had come Into
the war "So that Wall Street brokers
can fill their pockets with more gold,"
was the reply, n statehient that I have
often heard from prisoners ; evidently 11
Is spread by the. German propaganda de
partment. Ilrltlsh Help mrrlt'Hna,
The British medical services and am
bulances are here assisting the Amer
icans. There was fierce fighting all day Fri
day near Solssons and to the south. The
enemy made several counter nttarks In
the Solssons region without achieving
any result, the Americans offering very
firm resistance. The Americans ad
vanced northeast of Chaudun and east
of Vlerzy, and near Torcy. further south,
thoy penetrated to the earn Courchamps.
The country In which they are fight
ing Is difficult, consisting of woods nnd
heights which favor defences with ma
chine guns, but the resolute fighting of
our allies Is still progressing, hauling In
more prisoners. I was able to walk
over ground captured yesterday and to
see .the opening of an American attack
on a machine gun nest.
Leaving tho beautiful forest of Villers
Cotterets we arrived at a town where
nothing had escaped the ravages of shell
fire. Wending our waj through the
wood, where the trees lay broken and
old trenches filled with water told of
desperate struggles In the past, we
crossed to the American lines. On the
fields lay the bodies of Germnns In all
kinds of attitudes, while now and again
one caught sight of the melancholy sign
of a bayonet Axed In the earth, marking
tho last resting place of some heroic
Further on two Germans lay dead In
a hole, a machine gun In front of them
Continued on Second Page.
News of Big Defeat Spreads
With Eapidity, Causing
Treachery Attributed to De
serters Wjlio Gave Informa
tion to Foch.
Special Cable Despatch to Tbe Son from the
London Timet.
Copyright, 1318; all rights reterved.
The Hague, July 21. The truth Is
beginning to break into the minds
even of the Germans, It being Impos
sible longer to disguise the serious
ness of the defeat Inflicted by tho
Allies upon the German armies. Al
though as usual they And Ingenious
explanations wherewith to envelop
the extremely unwelcome realities, the
fact that their armies are back across
the Marne again is more eloquent than
nny number of communiques 'and more
convincing than tho most Ingenious
Those who followed closely the state
of public feeling on the occasion of
former German reverses well know
that behind all the German bravado
there exists a nervousness as great It
not greater than that existing In any
other country In times of national
emergency. There Is the best reason
for believing this nervousness was
never so acute as at the present mo
ment. Throughout the Ithlneland and West
phalia there Is anxiety regarding the
situation at the front. In some circles
persistent press attempts to belittle the
Americans have produced the opposite
efTect One local paper refers rathet
obscurely to a repetition of earlier mis
takes, presumably meaning the con
temptuous German references to the
British army.
Correspondents Are Mlent.
In the last ten days all correspondence
from men at the front In, connection
wun tne German offensive has ceased.
Messages to the front referring to the
distressing conditions at home, espe
cially to the shortage of bread and fat,
are suppressed. In some cases women
writing letters of complaint have been
punished. Attempts also are made to
brand the letters by publishing their
names so their neighbors will know
The hospitals and clearing stations
again arc crowded, especially In tho
neighborhood of Achcn, and the terrible
"Delchenzaege," train loads of wounded
again are passing at night over cer
tain sections of the railway. How
ever, every effort Is made to maintain
the spirits of the men going forward
the trains still are decorated, and the
old catch words, like 'To Paris," re
appear; also new ones, among which
may be noted the rather odd Jokes
"Foch s Reserves" and "Toward Peace.
The compulsion of women has been
extended. In several districts, par
tlculnrly In Cleves, Kssen and Dussel
dorf, the wives of soldiers with not
more than two children aro forced to
work, while the children are cared for
temporarily in nurseries. For the most
part these women are sent to tho mu
nition factories.
,en Spreads Ilnpldly.
News of the German retreat spread
like wildfire throughout the fatherland,
causing the depression that already was
universal to become intensified to a de
gree that had been hitherto unreached.
Official excuses for the defeat are being
put forward In the German press, the
Berlin Nodosal Zritiinj correspondent
writing :
"The French assaulted with enormous
masses of troops in an effort to break
Continued on Second Page.
Good News Over There!
Good News Over Here!
QUR soldiers in France are
sending us some mighty good
news these days. Let's send them
glad tidings also.
The best news we can give
them is that THE SUN Tobacco
Fund is continuing its career of
service with a greater rush than
ever. That means smokes, good
cheer, inspiration for them.
Read the news from Over
There on this page and the news
of Over Here on page 5.
BACCO FUND has no connec
tion with any other fund, organi
sation or publication. It em
ploys no agents or solicitors.
With Chateau Thierry as a Pivot Rapid Advance Is
Expected Pressure on Enemy Flanks
Making Progress Hourly.
Special Cable Despatch to Tn Su from the
London Timet.
Copyright, Ml; all rights .reserved.
With tub Frinch Armt, July 21.
The main fact of to-day's situation Is
that the initiative remains with the
Allies. The enemy is doing his utmost
to prevent the Allies from advancing on
his flanks, southwest of Ithelms and In
the district around Solssons.
The British troops, who have Just
got into tho line between the Marne and
Rhelms, after some advance have come
against very strong opposition at Mar
faux. In the centre the French occupied
Chateau Thierry. The Franco-Americans
on the left are making steady progress.
Now that Chateau Thierry has been
reestablished as a solid pivot movement,
It Is probable that the enemy will be
forced to fall back further on that
Americans Help to Smash
Hole Northwest of Chateau
Machine Gunners Are Mowed
Down and Two Regi
ments Trapped.
By the Associated rress
With the American Armt on the
Marnk. July 21. Tho French and
Americans have broken through the
German line northwest of Chateau
Thierry. Driving tho spearhead to
ward the northeast, already they have
advanced five kilometers (3 1-10 miles)
at various places.
The allied troops have taken many
prisoners, Including three officers, who
said that they were tired of the war.
American Infantrymen captured two
German 77s.
Previous to the breaking of the Ger
man lines the Allies battled with the
desperato machine gunners, who were
mowed down as allied reenforcements
arrived. The German losses were ter
rible. Chateau Thierry was evacuated in the
night, the Frencr and American troops
passing through tho town shortly after
dawn on tho trail of the retrentlng Ger
mans. Almost simultaneously the French
and Americana moved forward the south
ern part of their line, extending north
and west from Chateau Thierry, until
a correction of the entire lino from
Solssons and southward of that point
had been effected an even advance of
something more than seven miles.
The armies of the Crown IYince were
retreating to-night, while the allied
forces of Gen. Foch harassed their rear
and continued their smashing drive along
the German right flank. It la expected
that If the Germans succeed In extricat
ing themselves It will be only at the
cost of large numbers of men and of
material and supplies.
The heavy artillery of the Allies con
tinues to-day tho clearing of districts
north of the Marne. Indian scouts who
were with Pershing In Mexico played a
prominent part In the scout work In the
river region.
Two bodly cut up regiments were left
soutn of the Marne In tho German re
treat. Allied aviators bombed the
bridges across tho river and their es
cape was Impossible.
Germany hns already paid n terrible
price in the fighting between Solssons
and Chateau Thierry. The advancing
allied turces have passed greut piles of
dead and many wounded. These suf
ferers are cared for cxpealtiously and
well, and tho allied forces aro display
ing a fii.e spirit of cooperation.
Even Deposits in Foreign
Banks to Be Taken.
Amhtrrpam, July 21. The entire prop
erty of Nicholas Homanoff, his wife and
his mother, ns well as nil other members
of the Imperial House, has been for
feited to the Husslan Ilepubllc, Record
ing to a Moscow message received here.
This will Include deposits in foreign
banks to tho credit of the members of
the Imperial family. A decree to this
effect was Issued by the Bolshevik Gov
ernment on July 17, it Is said.
In reporting the death of the deposed
Emperor, tho Moscow lljedncta says:
"By order of the Revolutionary Coun
cil of the people, the bloody Czar has
happily died. Vive the red terror I"
front. The army of Gen. Degoitte Is al
ready north of the Marr.e In the sector t
between Chateau Thierry and Villers
Cotterets Forest,-whero It otherwise
would be defending an awkward salient.
Consequently we may now expect to see
a more pronounced advance here In the
Immediate future rather than further
On the eighty mile battle front from
the AInse to MasslgeB the Allies are at
tacking from the Alsne to the Marne j
and between tho Marne and Ithelms.
while Gen. Gourad's army on the right J
holds the enemy completely In check. 1
The French, American and Italian troops I
and the British, since their arrival, have
luuKtu magmucenuy.
Gen. Foch and his Generals, after
biding their time, have struck at the
right moment. The whole position of
the armies Is altered radically from
what It was a week ago.
Already Part of Line of Ger
man Retreat Is Torn by
Smoke Screen I'sed to Cover
Tt Gave Signal 10 Allies
to Forge Ahead.
Special Cable Despatch to Tnr. Stv from the
London Times.
Copyright, 1515; all rights reserved.
Paris, July 21. The mnln objective of
the French between the Alsne and Marne
Is the Chateau Thlprry-Solssons road.
Practically along the whole front the
French linen nre now within a distance
of that objective of one to three miles,
so that at many places tho road Is ef
fectlvely cut by tho French artillery fire.
The loss of this road seriously affects
the German positions west of Ithelms,
since between It and tho rnnd from
Solpsons through Fcre-cu-Tardenols com
munications aro very scanty und arc
maintained only by a few second cla3
On the extreme left of the French are
the plateaus dominating Solrons. Plolsy
village at the outlet of a small valley,
Is only a mile and n quarter from the
Chateau Thierry roml. At Persy the
French aro kept from the road by a
plateau two mllea broad. The high land
with Mauloy Wood was captured on the
lath. Yesterday the French pushed up
to the village of Parcy-Tlgny. which Is
only about a mile from the road. Further
south St Hcmy-nianzy nnd Fojet-St
Albln, which marked the French lines,
nre less than three miles distant.
I'roKreM South nt Mnrnp.
Pouth of the Mume the uhole CleniMn
pocket has been crushed in and the con.
dltlons under which tho enemy hud to
recross the river are shown In the fol
lowing despatch from the correspondent
at tho front of the .1nfiii:
"There Is not u slnglp Gernnn on tho
South bank of the Marne. or rather,
more correctly stated, there ts not a
single living German. I'nder our vic
torious pressure they have had to re
cross the stream In disorder and panic
They have not done fo without leaving
heaps of dead behind and without losing
"The constant and heay attacks
which the French and Americans have
been making for the last two days upon
the enemy and tho conquest of the
heights dominating the river made the
German, situation extremely awkward.
Checked between Mont Voltln and Ocuil
ly and threatened on the right flank, re
treat was the only nlternathe. The
German divisions which crossed tho
river were on the defensive ; their pa
trols alono uhowed any attacking spirit .
their troops were really In hell
Strategy llrouKlit to NmiikM.
"Night nnd day our bombing planes
nnd tho British airplanes stopped or
rendered almost untenable the passages
across the streim. These aro the rea
sons which led the Germans to clear out
fiom these positions They caino to the
decision to retreat Friday eenlng, and
at all the crossing points great clouds
of smokn were Kent up to mask tho
movement. These clouds gave uh the
alarm, and our guns on Friday night
nnd Saturday, working under double
pressure, made a hecatomb of the re
treating Boches. It Is estimated that
they lost half of their effectives."
If there are any doubts In tho minds
of the French public they must vnnlsh
before the communique which, in spite
of official caution, speaks of the "vic
torious offensive." The Allies may well
Continued on Fourth Page,
Retreat From Marne Al
"inost a Rout, Allies Press
ing on Three Sides.
Reports of Each Side Tell
of Heavy Losses in Rat
tle Along Ourcq.
Disaster Surpassed Only by
That of 19M. Faces Crown
Prince's Pocketed Army.
LONDON, July 21. The French
nnd American forces on the west
and south sides of the Marne salient
continue their victorious advance,
despite the most desperate efforts
by the Germans to stop them, aided
by 100,000 or more reserves hur
riedly collected from adjoining: Hec
tors and hurled into the battle south
of Soissons. The French to-day
crossed the Marne in pursuit of the
retreating Germans, captured Cha
teau Thierry, which has been In
German hands since the drive to the
Marne, spread eastward two miles
to Brasles, also on the north bank
of the river, captured that place
and continued to push the Germans
back to Bezu-St. Germain, which Is
about five miles from the river.
A considerable section north of
Chateau Thierry has been cleared
of Germans and n little to Ithe
northwest tho heights eafit.of La
Croix and Grisolles, about five miles
east of Nouilly, the former near
the River Ourcq, are now in the
hands of the French. On the east
ern side of the Marne salient, where
the Italians and British are taking
a hand, St. Euphraise and Bouilly,
southwest of Rheims, have been
Berlin Ilonslv, nx I'ximl.
The Berlin report as usujI asserts
that the Germans were victorious at
practically every' point where they
were cngnged, as they have now be
come familiar with the French method
of attack without artillery preparation.
It alludes to the Americans "and black
Amerio.ins" mid asserts thin they suf
fered particularly heavy los-.nn north
west of rhntrau Thierry. This is the,
first otllclal reference by the German
War Office to American participation
In the present offensUo,
Heavy fighting wns In progress to
day along practically the whole front
nithin the salient and tho Germans
nro steadily giving ground practically
every where along the entire line of
more thnn fifty miles, hut ot a slow
rate except In those sectors, like the
region east of .Veullly and that
north of tho M,irni where Gen.
Foch had decided that hp must hav
more terrain nt once. In a general
way all the gnins innde by the Ger
mnns In their latest drive, which be
gan last Mond.iy, have now been Iot
hy them and they are in far worse
position than they were when thoy b
gun that offensive.
AilliuiclllK on the (Inrcii.
In tho middle hector mi the line be
tween Solssons and Chateau Thierry the
French and Americans are pressing for
ward rapidly up the Ouriq ltlver and
nre making good piogress toward Nan-teull-Notie
Haino, n Junction point of
the highest Importance to the Germans.
The resistance of the Kaiser's troops
along this line was extremel obstinate
und their losses nre appalling. The
machine guns of the Allies literally
mowed thtni down by thousands, and a
veiy larpo number of prisoners were
Tho plight of the Germans In the
.Marne pocket is becoming more anil
more desperate , unless they can bring
up many more reserve than they have
et succeeded In putting on the firing
line they will have t retreat to the
Vesle or perhaps to the Aixne and do
It very qtitcklj, or they will have to
record the worst disaster to the German
arms since the flrtt battle of the Marne,
In 1914.
An Interesting feature of the opera
tions about Chateau Thierry In the
last few days was tho i mplrn un-nt .if
u considerable number of American
Indians on that front, where Ihey rend
ered very valuable service as scouts.
Some of these men were with Pershing
In Mexico.
Airmen llnnm lletrcnt.
German traffic at Feroen-Taidi nols
Is being vigorously and continuously
bombed by French nlriueu. The situa
tion Is considered as being distinctly
promising The German apparently
have to do one of two things clear the
Frcnrh off the railway west of Fere. en
Turdenols or .bring bark their troops
from noith of the Marne tu flatten out
the salient
Further north the French havs

xml | txt