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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, July 22, 1918, Image 2

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reached the highroad from 'rSolssons to
Chilteau Thierry near the' village of
Kartennei-et-Tnux, Tho highroad and
IhcTrnllway from Bolmom to Chateau
Thierry l well within range of" the
French guns along Hvhole length and
li belns subjected to artillery fire.
Thla applies also to the junction of
thlir road with the only possible alterna
tlv' line? which comes from Flames and
Joins It at Nanteull-Notre Dame. The
latter' place ! also within gun range.
Tin supply situation of the enemy on the
Marne l thus becoming more difficult
each hour.
in
Advance From Slz to Ten Miles.
The latest gain In thla region brings
thetdepth of the French advance over the
twenty-seven mile front between the two
rivers up to between six and ten miles.
East of Chateau-Thierry along the
Marne eight Gorman divisions, which
had reached the south bank ot the river,
wars able to cross the hills which over
looked the Marne, but none who lived
toTecross will forget the terrible days
they spent south of the stream. The
Kroand they held waa overlooked every
where by the French and American
artillery observer. Enclosed In a nar
row space between the river and the
litlfs they ofTered a sure target for the
allied artillery.
For "food and munitions the Germans
were dependent upon- the transport ser
vice: ' across the Marne- bridges, which
wfre'not only constantly shelled, but fre
quently bombarded by French and Brlt
IshlsUrmen. They were unable to bring
nma artillery across with the exception
of Mountain guns and light mine throw
er! The casualties of some units
amounted to 60 per cent.
Ttte British participated In the battle
for the first time yesterday. They en
tered the line In the sectors between
Ithelms and the Marne, In the region
ofastha Ardre niver, where Italian
troops 'had' been fighting heavily for
come days. The British took their
positions during the night and attacked
Immediately, -and with complete suc
cess, advancing over a mile.
HUNGARIANS BITTER
AT SACRIFICE OF MEN
rt
Czechs Slain by Austrians
Went Bravely to Death.
tPfcUU Cable Despatch to Tni Sex from the
m London Timet.
Copyright, 1118; all rightt resened.
BERN!, July 18 (delayed). The fcun
BaMan newspapers continue to print
long lists of officers killed In the fight
inragalnst the Italians on the Piave
front, and make bitter comments about
the' Hungarians being sacrificed.
Recently when J00 Czechs, who form
erly served with the Austrian army,
were captured fighting with the Italians
the hangman failed to arrive so all
wee shot. In the last letters they were
permitted to write home they gloried
in-'the fate facing them.. Other ac
counts aasert that all went to their
deaths calmly, almost gladly.
The Austrian General commanding
Prtemysl has Issued an order condemn
ini'the dirty and ragged appearance of
the-'''soldlers In that city who loaf about
thVstreets, some begging. These troops
how 'no respect for their officers, not
saluting them and some actually shov
Inr them off the sidewalks. The Aus
trian commander asserts that if this
acjfon continues he will forbid the sol
diers the use of the streets.
The Hungarian war loan has proved
-'failure and the date of subscription
lin? been extended to July 24.
' Th Budapest Hirlap strongly pro
tested against the playing of the Aus
trrifn national anthem In Budapest on
kheoccaslon of the opening of the aerial
Tpoiial service between Budapest and
VjeVna.
BRITISH BRING DOWN
?; 17 GERMAN PLANES
Bjjjnb
UToppwa on oarxrm
ttj and Ldle Railway.
it.
Loudon, July 21. The following offi
cial communication dealing with aviation
was Issued this evening:
dn,the 20tr Inst, exoept in the eariy
morning, the weather again was un
suitable for photography and long
distance reconnaissances. It did not
prevent our airplanes from bombing
on, the front and carrying out close
reconnaissances and observation for
thjt artillery throughout tre day.
trlghteen tons of bombs were,
dropped by us on different targets, in
cluding the Courtral and Lille rail
ways, the Bruges docks, three large
ammunition dumps and hostile billets
on; various parts of the front
Slightly more fighting took place than
on 'the previous day and fourteen enemv
machines were brought down. Three
other hostile machined were dlven down
out 'of control and three German obser
vation balloons were destroyed.
'Seven of our airplanes are missing.
The Air Ministry's report eaya:
yis a result of a photograhple re
cofinalseance carried out on July 20
extensive damage was revealed at the
hostile airdrome at Morhange, at
tacked on the night of July 13-20.
One large ehed and three hangars
were 'destroyed.
1 0 SYMPATHY FOR GERMANY.
JVii-ttcbIhii Xevrspaper Publishes
Tart Jleply to Criticism.
Si ecial Cable Despatch to Tne Sow from the
London Timet.
: , Copyright, MIS: all rights reserved.
Chmsttanta, July 21. Commenting
uron an article In the .Vorth Oerman
aicctte which severely attacked the
Norwegian press for what It described
a glorifying the murder of Count von
Mjrbach, the Oerman Ambassador to
Moscow, the Dagbladet says:
8"It is rerrettahie thnt nn Affli.iair..
mtn paper either Is badly Informed or
isjso little trustworthy as to publish a
report of this nature. The Norwegian
press has not glorified murderers. It Is
not nerentiner the aaserflnn th K . m
saSslnatlon of Count von Mlrbach was
Hcrangea wun tne untente. .Nobody be
llives It probable, not even the Germans
themselves.
.fQerman correspondents In ChrUti
artta purposely distort events. No sym
pathy (or Germany exists In this coun
1" 1,000 AUSTRIANS RETURN.
Jtjrmalndrr of Captives Said to lie
ij In ,illerln.
Siedal Cable Despatch to The Son from the
j London Timet.
Copyright, 1J1I: all rightt reserved,
IIXRNK, July 18 (delayed). The Han
nover tjmmrr says mat according to the
communique or tne Austro-Hungarlan
war Ministry more than half a million
prisoners have returned from Ruropean
Russia'. The lest are In Liberia, whence
hi is iiiiiiunnium 10 return mem Home
according to the newspaper.
FLYING TEACHERS KILLED.
Iinlrn I.lentennnt One Victim
i Tall Spin Fall In Texas.
of
IFoaT Worth, July 21. Two fiyl
Ing
inairuciors stationed at Carruth
rs
eld wr klllail In a 1 nAn-fn t
fall
irf'a tall spin to-day near the nenhrnnii
-jug una. i ns dead!
.leut. nohert Yarnall Snyder,
iickb avenue, Kimlra, N, Y. : Lie
if John Tanner, Moorehead, Minn
Where the French and Their Allies Are
ifSOMMELANS
CourchanrtDS
V 1 X - Mnnfhlf
'T O; - U"-J':i?
::! i.w. i. sk j
JNCREASING tieir pace at such-points along the fifty mile front of the
Marne salient where Gen. Foch
and Americans orrfhe south and west and the British and Italians, in
conjunction with the French, on the eastbit out huge pieces from the
sides and bottom of the pocket and drew their lines tighter at its mouth
on the north. The, most desperate efforts of the Germans, aided by enor
mous masses of reserves hurled into
the Allies would not be denied.
OFFICIAL REPORTS
LONDON, July 21. Following
ing in France and Flanders:
FRENCH (NIGHT) The nnttle continues under favorable con
ditions nlons the whole front between the Marne and the Alsne, north
of the Ourcii, UrlvliiR back the enemy, we have progressed. FlchtlnK
in the region north of Villemontolre hiiJ 011 the south lmve advanced
to the east of the general line of Tif;ny-Bllly-sur-Oureg.
South of the Ourcq we made an important advance beyond
NculUy-St. Front, occupying the heights east of La Croix and Urlsolles.
Under the double pressure of the Franco-Ainerlcun forces between
the Ourcq and the Marne nhd the French units who crossed the rUer
between Fossoy and Chnrtevcs, the Hermans were driven back Irtyoml
the line of Bezti-St. Oerinnln nnd .Mont St. Fete.
Chateou Thierry is widely freed to the north.
Between the Mnrne and lthclms tlie flirting was extremely violent.
Franco-British and Italian troops attacked with Indefatigable energy
nnd captured St. Euphraise and Bouilly and made gains In the Ardre
Valley, Courton Wood anij Bols da Rol. The British took four cannon
nnd 400 prisoners.
Storms and low 'cloud hampered the work of our aviators. Eleven
German machines were downed by anti-aircraft guns. French and
British aviators have made several raids Into the battle zone nnd six
tons of explosives were dropped on bivouacs, convoys nnd concentration
points of the enemy.
Second I.leut. Fonck downed secn machine- in four days, making
flfty-sls machines that have been downed by this pilot.
FRENCH (D.Vi-) The Franco-American forces continue to make
.progress, repelling the enemy, vh(Js defendinK..hlmself obstinately.
French troops entered t'hntejin Thierry this morning.
Violent combats"1 continue north and south of the Ourcq and between
the Mnrne nnd Jtbelms. In spite of violent resistance by the enemy
the French have continued lo advance.
GERMAN (NIGHT) Frosli fighting developed this evening be
tween the Alsne nnd the Ourii.
On the front between the Alsne anil the Marne French nttacks
have been unsuccessful.
GERMAN (DAY) A violent nrtillery duel on the Ancre was
followed between Beaumont and Hatnel by British Infantry attacks,
which we repulsed.
Between the Alsne and the Marne the enemy yesterday sought
by the employment of new divisions to bring about a decision In the
battle. The enemy was repulsed, suffering heavy losses.
Tlie French subject peoples, Algerians, Tunisians, Moroccans and
Senegalese, were In the thick of the fighting and lsire the main burden
of the struggle. Senegalese battalions which were distributed among
the French divisions as battering rams, stormed behind the tanks in
advance of the white Frenchmen.
Americans, Including black Americans, and Englishmen nnd Italians,
fought between the French. After two heavy days of lighting tlie at
tacking strength of our troops nguln made Itself fully felt. Tiny had
accustomed themselves to the enemy method of attack made without
artillery preparation and based upon the massed employment of tanks,
which nt first cnused them surprise.
The lighting of yesterday ranks In achievements of leaders and
troops and In Its victorious results on a level with former great lighting
successes which have been gained on this battlefield.
On the heights southwest of Solssons the attacks of the enemy
against the town, which were launched after the strongest drum lire,
collapsed. Led by tanks the enemy infantry rushed forward to the
attack as many as seven times against the road from Solssons to
Chateau Thierry, north of the Ourcq.
Northwest of Chateau Thierry our regiments, who during the
last few weeks have over and over again been vainly attacked, yesterday
also victoriously held their positions against many times repeated
strong attacks by the Americans.
The Americans have suffered especially heavy losses, and during
the night, undisturbed by the enemy, we withdrew our defences in
the territory north nnd northeast of Chateau Thierry.
On the southern bunk of the Mnrne, after four hours of artillery
preparation and under cover of a henvy fire, nnd with numerous tanks,
the enemy made combined attacks against positions which bad lieen
evacuated by us during the previous night, which attacks uselessly beat
against empty positions. Our partly Hanking fire, which wns directed
from the northern bank, Inflicted losses on the enemy.
Southwest of Ithelms the enemy brought up strong forces in nn
attack on the positions captured by us between the Murne and north of
the Ardre. The English here came to the help of the French and I till
lans. As a result of our fire and counter thrusts they foiled with heavy
losses to the enemy.
BRITISH (NIGHT) -There is nothing of special interest to
report.
BRITISH (DAY) A few prisoners nnd machine guns were cap
tured by us during the night in raids nnd patrol encounters southwest
of La Bassee and in the Mervllle nnd DIckebusch sectors.
Beyond reciprocal artillery activity at different points there Is
nothing further to report from the British front.
U. S. COMMISSION TO
GO TO RUSSIA AUG. 5
Newspaper Men Will Re With
Advance Guard to Tell
America's Aims.
Special Detpatch to The Si-h.
Washinoton, July 21. What will be
a sort of an ndvancc guard for the Amer
ican commission to Russia will sail from
a Pacific port 'early In Autust. Defi
nite plana for the commission are alowly
rounding Into shape and may noon be
ready for announccmnnt by the Presi
dent, who Is giving- them concentrated !
study. The commission Is to be a large
and well knit organization, and It may
aall for a Manchurlan port In two or
thiee groups.
Tlie first party will leave here about
August 5, It will Include several experi
M H II it HU fTr in Jifll'lKli 1 .lull inClTJilU.iii 1 t 'Lltl'l. issBsBsMBs1srBsasw it i isw .1 - .1 I
desired more ground, the French 1
the melee, availed them nothing
OF THE BATTLE.
are the official reports on the light
enced newspaper men who nre to dissem
inate in Manchuria and Siberia and then
westward accurate Information on Amer
ica's participation In the war and the
spirit which Is actuating the United
States toward Itussla, In Bhort, they
are to spread propaganda In Itussla.
They will be Instructed by and under
the guidance of George Creel of the
Committee on Public Information,
The commercial and Industrial dele
gation, It Is understood, has been vir
tually made up, as has the agricultural
group, Although there may be changes
before the full commission sjIIh. It Is
settled that the advance guard of propa
gandists will go early In August. If the
other unlta are ready they also will
leave at that time. All details of trans
portation and military nnd naval pro
tection are believed to have been worked
out.
Officials here who have been watch
Inff the Iturslan Bltuatlon closely feel
that It l.i much Improved nnd that events
are f-haplng themselves to mste the work
of the American commission easier.
f'lemeiiceHii Ana In at the Front.
Taris, July 21. Premier Clemenceau
returned to Paris to. night from the
front. He spent all last night and most
of to-day with tho fighting men.
THE SUN, MONDAY, J.ULY 22, 1918.
Closing the Soissons-Rheims Pocket.
Heavy fighting was in progress
the edge of the pocket, but it was
points most critical for the Germans, along the Ourcq and immediately
north of the Marne. In both these districts the Allies' gain was approxi
mately five miles. On the eastern side, where St. Euphraise and Bouilly
were captured and the Germans were driven down the valley of the
Ardre, the gain was less' in amount but not in importance, averaging per
haps two or three miles.
AMERICANS PRESS
- CLOSELY UPON FOE
Continued from Firat Pngr
on two nilto front, although mating
reliance at every step.
Reports ffom the north are to the effect
that tho Americana aro making further
, . . . , , ,.
progres? In the neighborhood of the
Solieons-Chateau Thierry highroad and
railroad near Rerzy. There nn been
terrific fighting there, for the nermann
are aware of the threat to Sols-ons and
nave thrown in still mw. fresh troops.
1 HQ VtV IIIIK CMUlMll.l UIQ IIIIV"IH(, til
reFervcs helter-skelter, for tlie Aineri-
cans have identilled prisoner from seven
divisions.
Thus it Is evident that the deep Ger
man salient which ai late aa Trldoy
projected down ovrr the Marne Is being
strongly battered on all three tides,
l.udendorff must throw In practically all
hip rcscrvr If he wants to hold this
ground, and Foeh has already demon
strated that he is nn adversary worthy
of I.udcndorff.i steel. What the nxt
few days or even hours may bring forth
none uan tell, but It Is certain that the
men the tterm.-iiis now have to face have
been greatly Inspired by the sui-cencs
already won and that they will fight
with redoubled energy and enthusiasm.
Men Cheer at tlie News.
When the men got news to-day that
the south bank of the Marne had been
cleared of Hermans their enthusiasm
knew no bounds. Automobiles bearing
Ceni'rals pacfed llne.s of dusty, henvlly
laden troops ana these cheered frantl
i.illy and waved their hats and rifles, re
minding one of the famous painting of
Napoleon and his culmslerF.
That spirit waa written plainly on the
faces of the Americans I saw in the
forest of Vlllers Cotterets. They had
Just come from the battle TTne, and all
bore gray helmets aloft on their bay
onets. They had Been flghOmr Inces
santly, with only a bite to eat, yet their
fares' glowed. They marched erect, as
if In triumph, the sun filtering through
the trees and shining as an aureole
upon their helmets and their bronzed
fAces. Their necks were bared and
they made a noble picture, to fill with
prldo nil thoso who were fortunate
enough to see them.
Down from that shell splintered battle
Held around Solssons there came to-day
a few more -reports on what happtmed
there and on how the Americans put
tho enemy completely to rout. They
marched side by sldo with the French
Into battle and It la their pride that
they kept their line as straight ns the
French kept theirs. Once when the
French met stiff reslntance from big
michlne gun nests they asked the Ameri
can for help. There Was an Immediate
response, and men of the two armies In
termingled charged upon the Ofrroan
muchlno guns and routed them. The
guns which a moment before had been
causing trouble were soon turned on
their into owners, and did beautiful
execution.
rtiurice ' 1,e Cnvnlry.
It was from here they got first news
of the French cavalry which we had
seen two davs before going Into action.
"It was the prettiest sight we ever saw-,"
said some Americans, describing the
Frenchmen with the same pride thnt
thev would have told of their own ex
ploits. Heforo our Infantry made Us
second ottacjt yesterday 11 whole squad
ron of cavalry passed through, their ac
coutrements KltMenlng In the sun. The
Americans followed, and presently they
heard ahead of them the silvery blast
of a bugle. They then saw the blue clad
cavalry gallop Into notion nnd heard the
crack of their carbines.
When the Infantrymen came up they
found the horsemen surrounding whnt
had been a battery of Herman artillery,
commanded by a Major, who had held
up his hands and cried "Kamerad" for
all his men. This happened near Tlolsv,
and It was near this point that the
Americana had an adventure with a
German tank.
The monster was stranded In a shell
hole In such a manner that Its main
guns could not be used. Its machine
guns were available, however, and the
men Inside were making good usa of
these when an American Lieutenant,
seizing a pickaxe and calling to his men
to follow, deployed to the helpless side
of the tank. There, with a few quick
blows they chopped Into the tank and
one of the Americans then tossed In n
grenade, which exploded and blew the
two German gunners to atoms. Strangely
tlie machine gun was not Injured and the
Americans soon were using It to spur on
the retreat of Its former owners.
Another Instance of fighting the enemy
with his own weapons was told by Greg
ory Tatrohllos, who said he was once a
Greek hut now an American, He comes
from Thompsonvllle, Conn., nnd said
that his squad had captured five "7s, but
did not kiion- what to do with them.
yesterday and last night all around
heaviest and most effective at the
They waited s little while until some
American artillerymen tamo up, where
upon tlie uuns were turned around mul
fed from the pile of ammunition near by
fui tlier to a lit the Herman retreat.
William Cunningham of Pafklnston,
Miss., was amazed Irvjhe midst of the
flahtlnc to see a Frenchwoman nnd
' three children coming through the vVmer
1 lean barrage toward his tompany The
1 woman was mnklnir filniv nroeresft. and
i unmindful of himself Cunningham ran
1 out, seized two of the children In one
f arm ,0id tn thrd to firab hS coat tail
, nnd then with his free arm fairly lifted
I the woman along until all were safely
1 back of the flrlnu line, lie loaded them
onto nn empty ammunition wagon and
i then returned to his place In the firing
I "ne-
j Mnilp Captives rnrrr Stretchers.
Franc), p. lmlock ot Kimlra, N. T..
was heIpln(f , ,ove our woandfd back
from the battle zone, nnd asked two
German officers who were standing near
to help carry a stretcher. They shrugged
their shoulders and said something In
Gerfian. llallock called an American
soldier who speaks German to nFk them
what they Bald, nnd when he reported
that they had stated it was beneath their
dignity to carry wounded Americans
llallock angrily whipped out his revolver
and his watch and told the German
speaking American to Inform them that
they had Just tho smallest fraction of
one second to grab that stretcher Need
less to say the two ofllcers lost no time
in springing to their places between the
stretcher handles.
This seems typical of the German
officers. The German soldiers, on the
other hand, lend willing assistance in
carrying our wounded. The Americans
tell with itle. about seeing a German
Colonel and his staff "cowling as they
tramped along after being made prisoner.
The American guards made It wotse for
them by appropriating their fine, pol
ished spiked helmets, and when the party
arrived at camp the guards had these
helmets cocked low over their eyes.
Ilnve Shot American Wonnded.
It Is a Btrange contradiction of Ger
man character that whllo the Germans
are willing to help cur wounded after
they are captured and In other ways act
th pait of clvlllzrd beings, they are
known to commit tho most fiendish
crimes before capture. We have first
hand evidence that they have shot our
wounded, lying helplew In the fields and
trying to bandage their own wounds.
Several Americans teMlfy to the truth
of a rtory told by one mr. who lay
twelve hours In a shell hole and saw
three of his wour.dcd companions sniped
off.
The Germans no longer cry "Kame
rad !" when they desire to surrender.
They now croy "American Kamerad !"
and as soon as they nre made prisoner
begin to cry for cigarettes. And well
they may, for their own tobacco is hor
rible stuff, with a taste like sawdust.
Our men all report that fresh German
troops are opposing them, and that the.e
apparently are better fighters, as 4hty
do not give up as easily as the second
raters cr.i.unured when the offensive
firs, started.
U. S. MEN ADVANCE
ON WHOLE FRONT
Continued: from first 1'ape.
with empty cartridge belts that told of
the desperate fight against the Ameri
can. Nearby were tho bodies of the
valiant Americans who had lushed the
gun.
In a small cutting by tho machine gun
position dead Germans lay ns far as the
eye could see ; apparently they had
sought shelter In tho cutting, determined
to defend It, but n tank had exacted the
heaviest price. There, huddled In most
fantastic positions, lay the victims of
ruthless mllltnrkmi, All about one could
seo such sights.
Meanwhile the attack we wero to see
had started, The heavens were torn
with shellflre nnd ns we reached nn ele
vation overlooking Mlssy-nu-liols, with
Brevll on the right and Dommlers away
to the left, the American barrage
reached Its crescendo. T'he tall poplars
on the Parls-Solssons road swayed In
the breeze; through them tho Americans
already had passed and wu could see
them pressing on far beyond.
Then the German guns opened and
the screech of approaching shells
greeted our ears. Into and around
Missy they went, but the American fire
waa obviously the heavier. Airplanes
circled overhead. Suddenly our atten
tion was attracted by the spiteful whit,
of machine gun nre, which rose and fell
and would then recommence elsewhere.
We knew the Americana had reached
their objective and were fighting away
In the distance.
We returned through fields filled with
German dead, Smiling Americans, with
peril in their eyes, were going forward
ungainly tanks lumbered on, the wounded
cro coming back. "Give them hell,'
was their cry ' "Sure," came the answer
MUNITION STRIKE
ALARMS ENGLAND
Agitators CJinllcngo flovorn
111 Gift's Higlit to Equalize
Distribution of Labor.
I. W. W. STIRS TJtOt RLE
Increasing Number of Work
men Taken for Army Adds
to Discontent.
Sp'Hil Cable Tletpntrh to Tin St
Copyright. 1M: aft righlt reterved.
Lovpon, -July S4 Th threatened
stoppage, of work In ccrtnln munition
areas Is regarded nn n serious menace
to one of the most vital efforts for the
prcsecutlon of the war. Tho real Issues
Involved nre very ecfloun, although tho
ostensible renson for the strike Is that
the nhop stewards, who represent the
workmen In dealings with the employers
regarding grievances and working con
ditions, and who are tracked by only a
mail proportion of all the workmen en
gaged In, the production of munitions, re
sent the Government's plan for the even
distribution of skilled labor.
The trouble arose at Coventry, where
three firms manufacturing inunctions
were notified by the Ministry of Muni
tions that they should not employ any
additional workmen. The purpose of this
order, as officially explained, la to pre
vent certain firms from drawing work
men from other chops by offering
higher wnges.
If this unrestricted bidding for the
siTVlces of workmen were continued the
inavltanlt result would bo that somt
shops would hao a superabundance of
labor and others not enougn, a ronui-
.lion which would nffect seriously tne
ste-idy output of munitions.
ChnllrnHr lo Government.
There are unusual features to the
situation. Labor troubles hitherto have
been between employers and workmen ;
the present labor crisis Involves a di
rect challenge on the part of certain
workmen to the authority of the Gov
ernment, which, under the Defence of
the Kealm Act, has power to regulate
tne conduct of national Industries.
The employers are not lno!vcd In the
controversy, alttough tnere is reaton 10
believe some of them have Deen guiuy 01
fiirtherlne for their own advantage the
prolongation of a state of affairs which
gives them an excess or sKiue.a lauor
whlch tho necessities of the nation re
nnlro should be employed elsewlvere.
The trade unions are concerned only in
directly; the principal organization In
volved, that of the machinists, nas aa
vlsed Its members to remain at work.
Tl ere Is reason to believe that the
agents of syndicalism and representa
tives of the I. W. W. aro largely respon
sible for promoting opposition to the
Goernment's attempt to distribute labor
eauallv. following the dilution caused by
calling up additional skilled workmen for
the army.
Newspnpern Show Alarm,
The newspapers take a ery serious
view of the situation, particularly In
view of the momentous happenings on
the battlefront, pointing out trat the
steady stream of munitions must be
kept up If tho armies are to be victori
ous, that It Is the duty of labor to over
look minor grievances in the bigger pur
pose of contributing to the successful
prosecution of the. war, and that at
present the workers are better off than
they cer have been before, as wages
have risen faster than prices and food
difficulties are practically over while un
employment Is unknown.
In well Informed circles It is said that
tho syndicalists, who have been active
In Coventry nnd have Influence in some
other munition areas, are aiming not at
employers but at the state, and that
tl.ry are opening a political fight to
hasten the nationalization of the fao
torlos, as In the caw of the Ixmdon Air
craft Works, which tho Ministry of Mu
nitlons had. to take over recently , 6ec
end, to impede tte war and force a
peace without victory; third, to combine
all tho workmen In a challenge to the
Government ns a protest against going
on with the combing out process, which
Is taking a certain percentage of skilled
labor for tte army.
Ixin'pon, July 21. The Ministry of
Munitions nnnounced to-night that it
had received word thnt at a mas meet
ing of munition workers In Birmingham
to-day It was resolved to go on strike
Wednesday night unless the embargo on
skilled labor Is withdrawn. The state
ment says the Ministry Is In close touch
VTiVe7tV7i
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Downtown Office:
16 Wall Street
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Bankers Trust Company
Member Federal Reserve System
1
with, the union leaders, both directly
and through the Ministry of Labor,
At Coventry the local committee pro
posed to nn otTlcIal of tho Ministry to
recommend n suspension of the strike
notices If tho Ministry will consent lo
negotiate a restriction scheme In dis
tricts ami recommend n national con
ference to consider tlie qucstloii of the
utilization of skilled labor. The Min
istry's reply said It was not opposed to
the dlwusslnn nnd administration of the
plan, although the Government's "con
sidered policy In the matter of tlio em
bargo scheme cannot be n matter, for
discussions."
enter Into discussion If representations
It also said It would be prepared to
were made by both tho employers nnd
the unions regarding the necessity for a
further conference on the better utiliza
tion of skilled labor apart from the em
bnrgo. The Ministry added:
"The 'Ministry cannot carry on the
supply of munitions to the troops with
out the embargo In cases where Its need
has been shown and without reasonable
power to distribute skilled labor accord
ing to vital war needs."
TEUTON PRESS-TRIES
TO QUELL FEARS
Conflnurei from First Pane.
through our flank with a surprise attack,
The effort to break through was frus
trated, but the struggle Is In full prog
ress now, Foch finally proceeded to
bring his long spared reserves under fire.
"The supreme armyvcommand found
itself confronted by new decisive prob
lems, the lsaue whereof we contemplate
with confidence. We know that our su
preme army command adopts as Its
first principle that human life must be
spared as much as possible. They have
shown often enough, both In defence and
on attack, that they will not allow
themselves to be diverted from this prin
ciple." AilipH Attnek Wnm Surprise.
The Koclnische Volksteltuna sys:
"Foch's attack, which again was exe
cuted by the employment of the strong
est possible squadron of tanks, had the
preliminary success which a strong
massed offensive thrust usually obtains.
Even If It had been expected by the
German command the momentary sur
prise would have necessarily pucceeeded
locally to a certain extent, so that at
some places penetration should occur.
"But the penetration never amounted
to a break through, this being precnled
by the tough resistance by the Ger
man position troops nnd also to the In
tervention of reserves, which, not as
Foch perhaps believed, were employed
on the Marne, but remained In the hands
of the command on this front."
The paper concludes that the next few
days will show whether Foch can con
tinue his counter offensive or whether
It remains a passing episode, leaving no
great traces.
llelrajed l- Deserters.
The Koelnlsche Volkszeitung also says
the Germans have been betrayed by
their own troops, Tho correspondent
says: "Germans at home perhaps at
tached false hopes to the new offensive.
It cannot be the task of every military
operation In all circumstances to obtain
definite ends. The military operations
of the third week of July nroused
various presumptions on the part of the
population which were at variance with
actual conditions, not to speak of those
who on July 16 were absolutely certain
that Field Marshal von HIndenberg
would carry out an attack against Paris,
We have, now that we know It posi
tively, no ground for cnoceallng the fact
that In the ranks of the Oerman troops
were deserters to the enemy who utilized
their knowledge of the operations
planned for base treachery to the father
land and their comrades In 1111ns. They
Informed the enemy of the German
plans, the French thereby naturally
having certain advantages."
Dotch Papers Tell of I'nllure,
Dutch papers fully recocrnlze the great
ness of the German failure, the .Vfemre
Rottrrdamsrhr Cournnt saying that the
German offensive cast and west of
Rheims failed through the Franco-American
thrust.
"Von Boehm's nrmy narrowly esraped
the fate of the Austrians on the Plave."
the paper says.' "The danger to Rholms
and Epcrnay seems averted at n single
blow In less than a week the Germans,
who began the offensive, wero forced to
the defensive, and on tho Champagne
terrain not only lost all ground won
but we. obligeii to surrender the whole
stretch of what they had formerly oc
cupied." The papers also point out the differ
ence between tho French and the Ger
man booty, the Germans having taken
only a few guns, while the French and
Americans took 20.000 prisoners and 100
suns, including a lnttery of 21 cms
"Has my- husband
made his will?"
jpHIS question isonc that every woman
should be able to answer in the affirm
ative, to protect herself and her children.
HPHIS subject is interestingly discussed,
in conversational style, in a booklet by
a well-known woman writer "The Street
of By and By." We cordially invite you
to call or write for a copy of this booklet.
SK also for "The First Step in Making
Your Will," in which one can readily
give an. attorney the information from
which to draw the will.
Fifth
AMERICANS TARE
17,000 PRISONERS
Pershing Reports Steady .Vtl
vnnce, Breaking Pop
Resistance.
5(10 Ol'XS ARK CAPTfHKH
Mnny Towns Occupied as I'.
Troops Drive Germans
Back.
Wasiunoton', July 21 P-i.nn s
captured by American troops in the rf.
fentlve on ths Alsne-Marne front up to
nn early hour Saturday totalled by
actual count 17,000, Gen. Pershing re
ported In his communique for yesternav
received to-night by the War Depa-t-ment.
The capture of 560 ggiu also is
announced.
Despite counter attacks and rear
?uard actions ot a desperate nature (lis
Americans advanced steadily earl) --..
terday, sajs the communique. Th
towns of Courmelles, Rozet-St. Albln
and Maubry had been entered by the
Americans before 1 o'clock SatuiiUy
morning.
The text of the report follows
"Section A Between the Alsne .nd
the Marne our troops again broke the
enemy's resistance and continued their
advance,' taking many additional
pri
oners.
"Section n It was reported at
o'clock on the evening of July 19
"Aviators reported a dense cloud f
smoke covering the bridges over the
Marne. This may be to hide a with
drawal. A largo assembly of troons in
tho region southweot of Vlllc-en-Tai.
denols is reported by aviators Th's
may be for a counter attack on the i-en-tr
of allied attack of yesterday. Un
man counter attacks were very slif"j
to-day, and especially from Aitne to
Chnudun. where they seem to 1m
reached the pleateau west of Chouy nnj
Neullly-St. Front. On the Marne-P.heinn
front the enemy appears on the deri
sive and we advanced slightly In places
"It was reported 11.30 o'clock on n
evening of July IK :
" 'Advance continues. Counter attai k
thrown back. We have taken Courmel
les, and are near (west of) Vllle-.Mon-tolre.
west of (about 500 meters) i'li"'
sler llulleu and have taken Itnzrt-Pt
Albin and Maubry In the Hozet-Si
Albln region, the Germans appeared tn
be fleeing, as few prisoners were ninfle.'
"It was reported at 1 o'clock ' ie
morning of July 20 .
" We have taken 17.000 prisoners, actu
ally counted, and 660 guns. A' it
north, near Solssons, we hold the Mon-tlgne-de-Pans,
then further south
hold Courmelles. Mlllemontolre Is he d
by the Germans, but we are still ai
vaniing. We are Just west of Tlgi'
Roset-St. Albln Is ours. Maubry 3
ours. Above we are west of Plersie -Huleu.
We made good progress during
the night.'
"Reported at 10.30 on the mnrnns
of July 20, from French general h3'l-
Quarters :
"Germans have retreated acro.'s
tho Marne River There are no Ge
mans on the south side. French an
attacking more or less every whe-e.
Attacking to the west, but the morn
ing reports hase not come In so far "
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