Newspaper Page Text
Local rains and thunder showers and
not so warm to-day; to-morrow fair.
Highest temperature yesterday, 94; lowest, Bo.
Dct&tUd weather report on tut pica.
IT SHINES FOP, ALL
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 343.
NEW YORK, FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1918. Copyright, 19.'.8. by the Sun Printing and Publishing Allocation.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
BRITISH SMASH 20 MILE FRONT IN PICARDY;
MAKE 7 MILE GAIN; CAPTURE THOUSANDS;
ENEMY SURPRISED; ROLLED BACK BY TANKS
BY REVISION OF
McAdoo Expected to Act
Favorably Soon on New
SITUATION IS CLABIFIED
Entire Section Added Covering
Final Accounting of U. S.
Special Despatch to Tnc Scs.
Washinoton, Aug-. 8. The railroad
rental agreement, the form of contract
which will furnish the basin for Govern
ment compensation to nil of the "nor
mal" railroads under Government con
trol, was made public by the Railroad
The agreement Is substantially that
printed exclusively In The Sun on July
. but with several changes and addi
tional clauses, nearly all of which are
more favorable to the railroads. One of
the most Important and significant
chances provides that the Director-General
may In any case, and In all cases
vhere railroad assets exceeded liabilities
on January 1, 1918, shall, pay and charge
to the road all operating expenses In
curred previous to January which were
unpaid when the Government took con
trol. Section 7 Is changed to provide for the
payments of rentals on leased lines as
contracted for and to make a mora fa
vorable arrangement on deductions for
letterments and Improvements.
The agreement as given out te prob
ably In Its final form, though It has not
jet been formally approved and signed
by Director-General McAdoo or the rail
road executives. It Is the result of six
months of patlentTnegotlations between
representatives of the legal department
of the Railroad Administration, headed
by Judge John Barton Payne, and the
Railroad Executives Advisory Commit
tee, represented by A. P. Thorn.
Prompt Action Is Expected.
Director-General McAdoo will take up
the agreement as prepared and printed
Immediately on his return to Washlng
'on to-morxow or Saturday. As drawn
.t Is acceptable to the Government and
to a majority of the railroad executives
of the country, though there has been a
sharp division of opinion among them.
it Is not eo favorably received oy me
financial Interests Involved In the na
tion's railroad development or by a great
number of railroad security holders, as
represented by Davles'Wsrfleld and
Samuel Untermyer. s
Even though It Is finally approved
and signed the agreement Is not bind
ing on the Individual railroads. Each
must contract individually with the
Director General, but the Executives
Advisory Committee Is prepared to rec
ommend Its universal adoption. It ap
plies only In the case of tho normal"
roads; that Is, roads that operated un
der normal conditions during the com
pensation period. Roads which were
In the hands of receivers at any time
during tho three pre-war years or those
which had their operating revenues ad
ersely affected by serious strikes or
other disturbances can ask for special
adjustments and allowances on this
Of the 600 roads under Government
control It Is estimated by officials that
kS per cent, are normal roads. Stgn
ng of Individual contracts will be taken
up immediately after the tentative agree
ment is finally approved. In the mean
time the roads are receiving no com
pensation from the Government, though
many of them have received advances of
funds to maintain their operations.
Full Compensation for All Iloads.
Under the agreement all the roads will
receive full compensation. The form
of allowance for the "subnormal" roads
has not been fixed, though the agree
ment will be the basis of negotiations.
A significant change In Section 3 of
the agreement provides that the recitals
or provisions of the agreement shall not
be used as evidence or otherwise by
either party In any pending or future
action which Involves valuation or ac
quisition of the companies' property.
Similar protection Is given for Govern
ment control for the present capitaliza
tion of the various roads.
A tax provision Is added to Section C
to cover the roads in case of any chango
in war taxes affecting them, making the
Olrector-General bear a fair proportion
An entire new section. Section 9, has
been added providing that all property
taken over, all repairs and renewals, re
placements, extensions and betterments
existing when the roads ara returned
shall be turned back to the owners,
'ash working capital and all other ac
counts receivable are likewise to be
turned over to the owners.
In Section 1 the following paragraph
has been Inserted as Paragraph C:
"Wherever in this agreement the word
vommLsslon Is used It shall be understood
referring to the I. C. C. actlnr by di
visions or otherwise as authorised by
Conditions of Talcing; Property.
Section two has been changed tp read
Section 2. Property taken over, (A).
The companies, railroad and system of
Continued on Fourth Page.
British Net Ship Loss
Now 3,500,000 Tons
LONDON, Aug. 8. The British
mercantile tonnage at the
outbreak of the war amounted to
18,500,800 tons gross, and the
figure at the present time is 15,
000,000 tons gross. Sir Leo G.
Chiozza Money. Parliamentary
Secretary to the Ministry of Ship
ping, announced in the House of
Latest British Figures Shdw
Building Far Outstripping
AMERICA WINS CREDIT
Destruction of 150 Submarines
Had Much to Do With
Special Cable Despatch to Tar 3c.
Copyright, 1111; all rights reserved.
London, Aug. 8. Lloyd George's
statement tint more than 150 German
submarines have been destroyed, more
than half of that number during the
last year, supplies additional Information
as to the causes for revolt among the
U-boat crews at Wllhelmshaven as told
In despatches yesterday, as well as being
a bit of news.
The most encouraging feature of the
allied campaljn against the U-boats,
with which Germany hoped to Btarve
England and prevent American partici
pation In the war. Is found In the offi
cial statement Issued to-day that sub
marine Blnklngs for July were less than
In June. This statement Is of the high
est Importance, since the losses due to
submarines In Juno were only 161.0C2
tons, less than any month since 1916.
Special Cable Despatch to Tnx Scn from the
Copyright, 1918: all right! reeeried.
London, Aug. 8. The naval corre
spondent of the Times, referring to the
world's shipping output, says:
"Figures for the first half of 1918
show that 2,113,591 tons were built, this
being considerably more than the total
output for the years 1915 and 1916, and
only 824,195 tons short of the total out
put for 1917. If the shipyards continue
their rate of production for the remain
ing half of the present year the figures
at the end of December will be almost
two-thirds of the aggregate tonnage pro
duced In the jears 1916 and 1917.
Dne to American Shipyards.
"Thio great progrnis Is manifestly due
to the wonderful strides of American
shipyards. In the conlllct between ship
workers and submarines It may be said
that production has already beaten de
struction, pr more precisely the world's
output of tonnage exceeds tho world's
loss for the first two quarters of this
year by 296,696 tono. It Is only fair to
remember, however, that this result has
been achieved by reduced sinkings as
well as by Increased building.
"British building accomplishments,
compared with that of the ullles and
tho neutrals, shows the tatter excelled
during the first six months of the year
by 887,099 tons, but that this was not
caused by lack of progress In British
shipyards Is proved by the fact that the
total output from the yards of this coun
try during the first six months of the
present year was more than a quarter of
a million tons ahead of the total output
for corresponding months of 1917.
"What It really Indicates Is an ex
traordinary effort on the part of allied
and neutral countries to deliver tonnage.
Due to the great progress In America, It
Is doubtful whether British shipyards by
reaching their full capacity, which Is In
the neighborhood of three million tons
annually, could regain the lead which
was theirs In 1915,
Better Record This Year.
"Dealing only with British merchant
ship construction, the deliveries clearly
show that. British yards are doing better
this year than last. Every yard which
could take naval work has been put to
work on that class of shipping. More
over, our shipyards, In addition to ask
ing for 50,000 more men, are short of
steel and other materials, In view of
which It Is not surprising that the out
put was lowered. Lately, however, the
situation In these respects has Improved
until now there la no scarcity of ma
terials and there has been a net In
crease in labor of 35,000 men. Still, our
construction has not accelerated In the
way It was hoped.
The first rlvetless steel vessel has
completed her maiden voyage with. a full
cargo and In some exceedingly rough
weather. She answered satisfactorily
all of many severe testa Imposed.
"This vessel Is 125 feet between per
pendiculars and of 16' feet beam, with n
displacement of 275 tons. In building
her more than 240 labor hours were
saved, and, there was a saving of more
than 1,000 pounds of metal effected by
the absence of rivets.
"Riveting will probably not be dis
pensed with altogether, as In certain see.
tlons It la cheaper than the electric weld
ing process: but the combination of
riveting and welding will probably be
8,000 Bolshcviki Iionted
After Being; Ousted
GERMAN TROOrS MASSING
Entente Forco Is Striking
Toward Vologda; Stores and
London, Aug. 8. After the occupa
tion of Archangel by the Allies the
Bolshevlkl withdrew across the River
Dvlnn, and on August 4 were driven
out of their positions there, chiefly by
shell fire, according to news received to
day. The Allies since have pushed
rapidly southward along the railway
Tho hostile forces so easily overcome
at Archangel numbered about 8,000 men.
comprising 1,500 armed Maximalists, 400
Laps, some 900 Germans and 6,000
workmen. Large quantities of rolling
stock and stores were captured by the
Allies, as well as two heavy batteries.
Enemy Army Massed.
The German forces north of the Gulf
of Finland recently have been re
enforced and are estimated to number
50,000, mostly Inferior troops. These
forces are being concentrated for an ad
vance against the Murman railways,
along which there has been some skir
mishing. It Is reported here to-day that It has
been agreed between the Bolshevlkl and
the Germans that the Germans shall not
advance further Into Russia. Under
this arrangement tha Bolshevlkl would
be able to transfer troops from the
eastern front to be conoentrated'agalnst
the Czecho-Slovaks In tho Volga region.
Germans Supported Force.
The War Office to-night Issued the
following statement :
After landing at Archangel detach
ments of the allied forces were pushed
forward south of the town alone the
Vologda railway. Opposing forces,
supported by Germans, offered some
resistance at Tsarkgeurka, five miles
south of Archangel, but were driven
back and returned toward Obozers-
kaka, seventy miles south of Arch-
was captured by the allied forces.
England and Franco will cooperate In
tho plans of the United States to send
to Russia a commission of commercial,
agricultural and legal experts and Red
Cross workers Sir Robert Cecil, Min
ister of Blockade, stated In the House
of Commons to-day. Sir Robert's dec
laration was In the nature of a reply to
a question asked by Joseph King, Lib
eral member from Somerset, North.
NORTH DECLARED IN
A STATE OF SIEGE
Berlin Summons Ambassador
Amsterdam, Aug. 8. A despatch from
Petrograd received here by way of Ber
lin says a state of siege has been de
clared at Archangel, Vologda, Suchowa
and KoplasH and other places.
All the Communists In these places
have been called to the colors and all
foreigners have been ordered to leave
within twenty-four hours, according to
Dr. Karl Helfferlch, German Ambas
sador to Russia, has been summoned to
Berlin to report on the situation in
Russia, according to a Berlin despatch
received here. Ambassador Helfferlch
left Moscow yesterday.
German newspapers are commenting
In a bitter strain over the landing of
allied forces on the Murman coast. Tho
Cologno Volfcs Zeitung, a copy of which
has been received here, nays :
"Russia's greatest arctic port has fal
len Into the hands of the Anglo-Americans,
almost without resistance. The
Moscow Government does nothing ex
cept to scold the Bovlets of the north
Russian districts, but scolding does not
alter the facts. Have the Bolshevik
Continued on Second Page.
Smokes Show Country
Is Behind Our Troops
'""THE officers and men of the
First Battalion, Head
quarters of Fifteenth Field Artil
lery, Third Division, A. E. F.,
France, wish to express their
thanks to you for your generous
tobacco gilt to us.
"Our only hepe is that the
people back home will do as
much for us as we are doing for
them, and we know they aro by
The foregoing has been re
ceived from First Lieut. Elmer
Hess. See other messages from
somewhero in France, to SUN
Tobacco Fund contributors, on
WARNING I THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
Russia Declares War
on England, Is Report
gTOCKIIOLM, Aug. 8. The
Russian Government has is
sued a declaration that a state of
war exists between England arid
Russia, according to a despatch
to the Lokalanzeiger of Berlin,
which prints it "with reserva
tion." Tho newspaper Pravda of
Petrograd declares that the Rus
sian republic must ally itself to
Germany to carry on the struggle
against Russia's former allies.
Leon Trotzky, the Bolshevik
Minister of War, is reported to
have issued an order in which
the French, English and Czecho
slovaks are declared to be
enemies of Russia,
Marnc Victory Is a Tribute to
Work of French Gcn
, cral Staff.
FOCIl'S NERVE BIG ASSET
Foe Drive Failed to Shako
Master Strategist Degoutto
Played Big Part.
fly (1EIIALD CAMPBELL.
Special Catlt Despatch to Tnx Si'N from the
Copyright. 1918; all rights referred,
Wrnt the Fnnscii Anur, Aug. 8. A
review of the tactics used by the French
and Americans In the great Marne vic
tory again emphasizes the value of the
work of the French General Staff.
On July 13, when the German offen
sive began, Gen. Degoutte's position ex
tended from Faverollea, sixteen miles
northwest of Chateau Thierry, to Dor
mans, eleven miles east When, there
fore, he received orslcrs from Gen. Foch
to Join Mangln In Hank attack while
he was still occupied with stopping the
Germans advancing on the Marnc his
line was shortened and part of It taken
ever by Gen. Dcmltry.
Gen. Foch and Gen. Petain had de
cided upon a counter attack between the
Marne and the Alsne In July, and did
not allow themselves to be diverted from
that purpose by the German attack on
the Marne. Weaker commanders might
have been alarmed. In wnicn event their
natural course would be to concentrate
all available effectives behind the Marne
to stop the German push. Ocn. Foch,
however, went ahead with his original
The Germans attacked on the 15th,
and on the 18th Mangln counter at
tacked with all available troops, instead
of shifting them to defensive positions
south of the Marne, and from that mo
ment, which may prove to have been the
turning point of the war, the Initiative
passed from Gen, Ludendorff to Gen.
nrsoattr's Part In Plan.
Gen, Degouttc had to earn' out his
part in the counter attack and defend his
positions west of Chateau Thierry at the
same time. To do this he squeezed up
several divisions he had meant to use In
a counter attack on the four mile front
between the Ourcq nnd Dallant rivers
and filled the hole thus made vacant
with American forces which had been In
training close by. lie massed as much
of his artillery as he could spare on tho
left, and besides 1i!h guns he had 150
tanks to count upon. Having no troops
cscheloned behind his attacking forco he
was not able to dispense with artillery
preparation, although It only lasted an
hour and a half,
The advance, always working from the
southwest to the northeast, went well,
nnd tho troops on his right were able to
move forward with attacking divisions
held In reserve. On the 28th his line
reiched and crossed the Ourcq at Fere,
fifteen miles from his starting point. Then
after a pause until August l.ho attacked
again In concert with Gen. Mangln, nnd
In two bounds the whole force was
astride the Ourcq west of Fere. Gen.
Mangln'a light didn't get on as quickly
as Gen. Degoutte's left, and there were
moments when hlB army was rather
held back because the plateaus of Chouy,
Butte and Chalmont were still In the
enemy's hands ; but on the whole the liai
son between the two armies worked
well, especially after taking Butte and
The troops opposite Gen. Degoutto's
army had made no real preparations for
resistance and though they had a de
fensive system consisting of three lines
of trenches, their system was poorly or
ganized and Ineffective, and the only
serious effort to hold the French was
made by machine gun posts. So great
was the superiority of the attack that
the Germans had to call up and throw
In front of Gen. Degoutte fifteen divi
sions, four of which probably had been
sent by Crown Prince Rupprecht, who
altogether loaned about twenty divisions
during the last three months for use In
the Alsne-Mame salient.
Enemy Hard Pressed,
Every day there came fresh proof that
the enemy was being hard hit and that
Continued on Fifth rage.
Germans Were Suspicions,
but Expected No Big
MANY PRISONERS TAKEN
One Corps Alono Reports the
Capturo of 2,000 Men
Ily PEimY ROMNSOK.
Special Coble Despatch to Tus Sex from the
Copyright, ltll; all riohtt referred.
With the British Armt in France,
Aug. 8. With French cooperation the
British to-day launched the first large
rcalo offensive they have begun this
year. Tho enemy was taken com
pletely by surprise and tho capture of
prisoners nnd guns was very heavy,
ono corps alono reporting more than
2,000 prisoners. The roads leading
back from the front were congested
with prisoners 'before noon.
The day has been a brilliant success
for tho British. The attack was
launched at 4:30 o'clock this morning
by tho Fourth British Army, under
command of Sir Henry Rawllnson,
aided by French troops, all being un
der commnnd of Sir Douglas Ilalg.
The attack covered a front of more
than twenty miles, of which the Brit
ish had charge of the northern twelve,
from near Morlancourt to a point south
of the River Luce. The French ex
tended the attack across the nlver
Ilrltlah Prisoners Kept Secret.
Tho morning began clear, but when
day began to lighten thick mists rose
In it, t-lvpr vallevs. HO that It was
Impossible for spectators to see any
thing of the action. It was an anxious
night, as we did not know whether the
enemy had any Idea ot our Impending
attack. They took some prisoners from
us In tho fighting below Morlancourt
and It was Impossible to tell whether
these men had given any Intimation
of our plans. Events proved that they
More than once during the night there
was a sudden enemy shelling on parts
of our front, which Indicated the enemy
w.ih at lenst on the alert.
From the first prisoners we brought
In we gathered that the Germans had
suspicions, hut they seem to have nn
HMn.i. enmn nnrt nf local action and
I had no inkling of the big blow that was
to fall or that It was to fall with sucn
rinrrmrc Sonndrd Heaviest of War.
Whn the critical moment came thcro
was no apprehension on the enemy's
part. To us back of the lines It sound
ed as If our barrage was the heaviest
of the war. This Impression was con
firmed later hy tho men who went over
behind It. It lasted only a few mo
ments before the attack started, but
those few minutes were sufficient to
flatten the enemy positions. The Ger
mans began a counter attack with ar
tillery, but It was feeble and Ineffective.
Up to the time I left the Immediate
front at noon our men all came back
with the Impression that the enemy's
defencos had been smothered and that
only scattered machine guns had been
left at widely separated points to op
pose our advance. These were quickly
accounted for either by tanks or In
fantry. Aided by smoke screens the
tanks were In the thick of tho fight
everywhere doing magnificent service.
In n little more than an hour after
tho start was made word came back
that our men had captured tho whole
first tier of villages, whllo the French
on our right were making equally good
progress. By noon they had crossed
the River Avre and were taking vil
lages right and left. The advance con
tinued uniformly along the whole front.
Victory 'iVoi In the Air.
At one time during the day I was back
of the French lines, and It Is hard to
find words to adequately exprffls the
admiration ono feels for the magnificent
dash of these troops. One had a feeling
that victory was In the air; that no
power on earth could stop our men. It
all worked like a beautiful machine,
with the tanks irolng in first, followed In
regular order by tho Infantry, and with
ammunition wagons and supplies bring
ing up the rear. It was Impoeslblo to
think of them except aa victors.
It was exnllarctlng to find that the
two Allies whom the Germans had so
confidently expected to crush during the
Bummer were now facing the other way
and showing them that we could strike
as hard as they. Then, too, we had the
solid natlsfacllon of knowing that back
of us stood the ever growing American
strength, ready to be released.
I Bpoke to several of our wounded, all
of whom said they enjojed the scrap Im
mensely. One of our young officers
went forward four thousand yards with
his men when a machine gun bullet
caught him in the shoulder. In spite
of many recent rains he said the ground
was In surprtslngly good condition for
WARNS GERMANY TO RUSH
STRONG FORCE TO RUSSIA
"Weser Zeitung" Voices Fear That Czecho-Slovak
Movement Will Imperil Teuton Dream of
Mighty Eastern Empire.
Special Cable Detpatch to Tsi He.
Copyright, lilt; all riohtt rttervtd.
London, Aug. 8. Germany's realiza
tion that danger threatens hir dream of
a great Eastern empire Is Indicated by
the Weser Zeitung, which In a significant
article argues that the abandonment of
the western offensive and retirement to
a shorter defence line, with better com
munications. Is demanded by tha neces
sity of sending a strong force to face
the new eastern peril. The paper says:
"The Czecho-Slovak danger Is officially
underestimated both by the Soviet Gov
ernment and by Germany. It has de
veloped ln a threat of the gravest
danger to Germany and must be com
bated and if possible completely re
moved. This requires thorough meas
ures and the employment ot a sufficiently
"It Is extremely unlikely that the at
tempt of Lenlne's Government to raise
a sufficiently strong force will succeed ;
hence Germany must step In. She could
and would stand quietly by and rejoice
over the spectacle of so many Slavs
being destroyed In Internecine strife If
AMERICA OGRE, YANKEES FORCE
SAY GERMANS PATH TO NORTH
Editors Say War Spirit Is Facing Heavy Shell Fire, They
Greater Than Europe Has Improve Positions Be-
Ever Known. jond Vesle.
BLAME THE PRESIDENT ADVANCE NOT GENERAL
Say France nnd England Aro Actions Confined to Strength-
No Longer Masters of cning Lino Along Rouen-
Their Destinies. Rheims Road.
, Special Cable Despatch to Tni Scs from the
Copyright , 1911; all rights reterred.
London, Aug. 8. J. E. McKenzlc, for
merly Berlin correspondent of tho Lon
don Times, writes:
The German press Is publishing In
teresting articles at the conclusion of
the fourth year of war, and the out
standing feature Is tho discovery that
the United States Is the bloodthirsty vil
lain who will make peace Impossible for
a long time to come. Germany Is now
Informed that President Wilson Intends
to fight until Germany Is destroyed, and
until England nnd the other allies be
come America's vassals. Thus does the
Frankfurter Zeitung sum It up :
"In all probability we are not near
peace. Wo shall have to go on fighting
this winter and perhaps next year albo.
Troops which are crossing the ocean
every day from America, feed the war
like fresh logs on a fire, and this will not
make fighting easy.
"America, which was plunged Into
the war because of a President who Is
steejied in the follies and prejudices de
signed In all circumstances to prevent
a German victory, Is In a mental con
dition which for its Colonial coarse
ness seems to surpass anything Eu
ropo e'er experienced In the way of
"America's losses have hitherto been
small rind until she has sown her wild
oats which will take at least a year,
thero Is little prospect of arriving at
peace negotiations on this side, for Just
as England was at first the head of
the allied war machine, eo America now
occupies that position.
"Franco and England are no longer
masters of their own destinies. Even
If war could end victoriously for them
they would after peace be little more
than vassals of the North Americans.
"As tho American policy does not suf
fer from excessive modesty It will see to
It that the Stars and Stripes float high
above the Union Jack, If thero were
anything like an European sentiment It
would awaken now and force England
to come to terms with Germany rather
than become a vassal of the Americans
or of the yellow people In the.Far East.
But no such sentlmont 1b visible, and
men who might be susceptible to such
Ideas stand aside, leaving Lloyd George
and his satellites to- continue the war
until Europe is bled white."
MRS. SKEFFINQTON ARRESTED.
Taken In Dublin, Where Rtae Went
Contrary to Agreement.
Iondon, Aug. 8. Mrs. F. Sheeny
Skefllngton was arrested In Dublin
Thursday, according to the Express.
A despatch from Dublin August 3 said
that Mrs. Skefllngton had arrived In Ire.
land after eluding the vigilance of the
British police. She Is the widow of F.
Sheeny Skefllngton, formerly editor of
the Irish Cltltett, who was shot by a
British officer In the Sinn Fein rising In
Ireland early In 1918. This officer was
found guilty, but Insane,
Mrs. Skefllngton visited the United
States after the death of her husband
and addressed several meetings of Sinn
Fclners. She sailed for England In
June, and was permitted to land with
the stipulation that she must not return
Paris lloniliardrd Attain,
Paris, Aug. 8. There was a further
bombardment of the Paris region by the
German long range cannon to-Jay,
It were not for the ultimate threat
Capt. von Salzmann, the military ex
pert of the Vossische Zeitung, hinted at
such an eventuality last week, and It Is
persistently reported from Holland that
troops are being assembled preparatory
to despatch to the Baltic.
A prominent Czecho-Slovak official
Just returned from the Murman coast
says the Russian people as a whole are
anxious' for the overthrow of the Bolshe
vlkl and to fight the Germans In Russia.
There Is no time to be lost, he said, If
the Allies wish to profit from the situa
tion, as the Czecho-Slovaks are In need
The Bolshevlkl have put Austro-Ger-man
prisoners In Russian uniforms and
these forces are now In action against
the Ctssacks. Intervention In Russia
by Japan alone or by any one Power,
he said, might be looked upon by the
Russian people as an act of hostility,
but Intervention by all or a majority of
the Allies would be welcomed by the
The pro-Ally sentiment In Russia Is
much greater than the pro-German or
pro-Bolshevik sentiment, he added.
By the Attociated Press
With the American Armt on the
Vesle. Aug. 8. Under an almost Inces
sant shell fire tho Americans struggled
forward to-day to slightly better posi
tions north of the Vesle. French di
visions to the east and west did their
part In straightening the line.
This day was not marked by organ
ized attacks anywhere along this front,
but was punctuated by sharp minor en
gagements, In which tho American gun
ners successfully covered the operations
of the Infantry and the engineers. Along
the entire front there was evident a de
termination to stabiltze the lines.
Whether the battle that began July 18
has virtually ended or whether the Ger
mans will withdraw beyond the Alsne
are unanswered questions.
To the Americans already north of the
river there was added considerable
strength during the night and early
morning. The line to-night Is well fixed
along the Rouen-Rhelma road from near
Hazoches, which still Is In the hands of
the Germans, to a point well east of
Tho Americans hold Flsmes appar
ently sceure, but the village of North
Msmes proved difficult, and at midday
was subjected to a terrific shelling by the
American artillery, with the Intention
of making It untenable. With that small
point once cleared tho line would run
uninterruptedly toward the east.
The Germans have had strong ma
chine gun positions In Atsno and to the
north and east, it was the opposition
offered by them that resulted in the
American determination not to attempt
occupation by the Infantry, but to de
stroy the enemy with artillery.
On the hills beyond the line at almost
every available point tho German light
artillery has been placed, while the
heavy guns are located beyond the
Alsne nnd guns of medium calibre aro
northwest of Pellea commanding the
region about Bazoches. Since the fight
began on tho Veslo these guns have
steadily poundod the American line, but
the American artillery has been equally
energetic In replying.
Comparatively little damage has been
done by the Gjerman guns, while the
silencing of enemy gun fire from his
lighter artillery positions Is an evidence
of the accuracy of the American aim,
and the destruction of various German
machine gun positions has been obvious.
It Is still generally believed that the
j Germans are making nothing more than
a pretence or noiaing tneir lines here.
The testimony of prUoners to-day con
tinues to Indicate that positions beyond
the Alsne have been prepared by tho
Germans nnd that the present notion Is
to gain time and also to Inflict as much
loss ns possible on tho Americans and
AUSTRIA NEAR BREAD REVOLT
Increase In Price Causes Discon
tent In II Ik Towns,
London, Aug S, Widespread discon
tent has been carnal In large Austrian
towns by a 116 per cent, rise In bread
prices, according to an Exchange Tele
graph despatch from Zurich to-day. The
Austrian Socialist party has declared It
Is Impossible for workers j bear this
Increase. Meetings of protest have been
held In Vienna, Prague and Gratz.
Complications are feared, the despatch
adds Salzburs has been without bread
for the lust eight days, while Dulniatla Is
reported suffering from lack of food,
English and French Fall
Upon Enemy at Dawn.
KAPID PROGRESS MADE
Cavalry and Motor Machine
Gun Batteries Charge
MANY GUNS ABANDONED
New Drive, Conpled With At
tack at Veslc, Likely to
Force Wide Retreat.
London, Aug. 8. Marshal Foch
hns struck the Germans another stag
gering blow, this time with his
mighty left fist.
The allied chief, realizing that the
enemy, forces under the German
Crown Prince were still groggy from
the punch which knocked them out
of the Marne pocket nnd that the
divisions borrowed from Crown
Prince ltupprocht probnbly hnd not
been returned, seized the opportunity
to smash Into the Germans In the
The German official night report
concedes tho allied victory on the
new Rattle front, saying: "The
enemy has forced his way into our
In tho new offensive, launched at
dawn to-day on a front ot more than
twenty miles, the British under Field
Marshal Haig, and French troops
penetrated enemy territory to a max
imum of seven nnd one-half miles.
All along the moro than twenty mlla
front the Allies swept forward for an
average of five miles, carrying all
their objectives, and taking so many
prisoners that counting them was
characterized In a despatch from tha
front a "dlltlcult task."
Captives Exceed 7,000.
in the House of Commons to-day
Bonnr Law, the spokesman for thn
Government, said that the British h:nj
taken more than 7,000 prisoners .:nl
Tho new allied line extends east
ward from VIllcrs-Bretonnoux to
Frnmervillc, whoro the biggest gain
was mado; and nlong the front from
northwest of Montdldler to the region
around Morlancourt tho Allies pushed
forward everywhere, tho gain at no
place being less than two miles.
In the centre of their new front in
this sector the British aro now astilda
tho rnllroad from Vlllers-Bretonneux
to Chaulnos, from which point lines
radiate toward Peronno, on the north
east, nnd toward Noyon and Com
plegne on the southwest.
GraTe Menace to Hnemy.
The new drive hy the British and
French constitutes the gravest menac
to the German nrmles from the sea to
Rheims, and particularly to those enemy
forces In tho angle marked roughly by
Montdldler as the aDex.
The German front In France re
sembles a right angled triangle, with
the point at Montdldler. East of this
nngle, between Soissons and Rheims,
Marshal Foch Is now putting on the
finishing touches to nn offensive that Is
believed to have left the Germans under
the Crown Prince all but prostrate.
The new blow, nlmed at the Germans
under Crown Prince Rupprecht to the
north of Montdldler, tends to Isolate ths
enemy forces around Montdldler, and If
Marshal Foch can drive eastward a few
miles further he will have tho Germans
In exactly the position they were In
when they pushed throudh to the Marne.
with a chance to drive in on their flanks
A study of tho map Indicates that
Marshal Foch sees an opportunity to
create another pocket out of which h
can again force a wholesale retreat.
Paris Ei peeled the Move.
The offensive southeast of Ametns has
been expected for somo time In well In
formed quarters. The recent advances
In Plcardy and Flanders suggested that
such a step was In order.
The axis of the msniouvro In the pres
ent attack seems to be the railway from
Amiens to Ham, Tergnler and Loon Tho
battle may have great effect upon thn
struggle going on between the Veslo and
the Alsno. Failure to obtain reinforce
ments to combat tho Franco-British
armies, It Is believed here, may forco the
German Crown Prince to retreat beyond
tho Alsne, possibly to the Chemln-des-Dames.
If tho offensive from Montdldler to
Albert Is successful and the army of
Von Marwttz forced to retreat the
armies of Von Huder and Von Eben.
which nre located between Montdldler
and SolsHons, will bo In danger of a
Tanks Lend the Way,
Tho new attack was stalled aflor a
brief artillery preparation and with an
Immense number of tanks leading tit"
way for the infantrymen Preparation
for tho attack were made under rover of
darkness, and M successful were tin
allied concentrations that It Is believed
the Germans were unaware that a drh