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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, August 11, 1918, Image 1

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Fair to-day arid to-morrow; warmer to
morrow; diminishing east winds.
Hlgheit temperature yesterday, ;a; lowest, 85.
Detailed weather report! on last pate.
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 345.
JIIXA A A 1 w wsw vi a a i
Gen. March Tells How New
Yorkers Decimated Crack
Prussian Divisions.
Germans Jolted but Not Yet
Smashed, and Tactics Arc to
Hammer Them Harder.
Social Dispatch to ,Tna Sex.
Washington, Aug. 10. Marshal Foch
) following: the "perfectly sound prin
ciple" of keeping: the enemy going:
without let up and without giving hint
time to "think It over" and recover
from the sledge hammer blows he has
already received, according to Gen.
March, Chief of Staff.
In his talk with the newspaper cor
respondents to-day Gen. March
brought out several salient features of
the most recent fighting and also gave
out an official account ot the splendid
work done 'by the Forty-second (Rain
how) Division. Major-Gen. O'Ryan's
Twenty-seventh Division, made up of
former New York National Guard
troops, is now with the British In
Flanders, Gen. March said, and It Is
regarded as virtually certain that it
is in the fighting in that area.
The principle of hammering at the
enemy has now resulted In bringing
the Allies and Americans to the point
where the great military asset of being
on the olTenilve Is theirs.
Instead of prejjarjQjf. jo meat enemy
ssaults and trying to guess when and
where they would come. Marshal Foch
sow has the enemy guessing. In a
nutshell he has put the great Prussian
war machine on the defensive and for
the present at least Is able to dictate
hen and where and how the major
operations on the battlefield will be
Rainbows Make Great Record.
in commenting officially on the work
of the Ilalnbow Division Cen. March
"The Rainbow Division had lta corn
kit training In the Lorraine sector
north of Luneville. It left that posi
tion to arrive east of Rhelms, where on
July 15 it helped break the main Oer
r.tn attack. When the French-American
counter offensive was launched on
the Marne salient the division appeared
there shortly In relief of other units.
Our reports Indicate the following;
"In eight days of battle the Forty
recond Division has forced the passage
of the Ourcq. taken prisoners from six
enemy divisions, met, routed, decimated
i crack division of the Prussian Guards,
Bavarian division and one other dlvl
don, and driven back the enemy's line
(or sixteen kilometers."
Uesptte the successes attained by the
allied and American forces, Gen. March
believes that the public should be warned
jalnst over optimism In Interpreting the
present events.
"It's no time to talk of the war being
won," said Gen. March. "It's the time
to hit hard."
Germans Jolted, Not Smashed,
Emphasis was laid by Gen. March on
the need for particular effort now of all
times The German machine has been
Jolted and will be Jolted again. Hut It
is not smashed nor crippled so far as
any one knows, and the worst possible
lollcj- to follow would be to believe that
Its tremendous fighting strength had
been rapped and destroyed before the're
i Positive proof to that effect.
All reports which Indicate that the
Germans are beaten, that the decision
hs already been gained and that the
worst Is 0vr, &0 should be read with
more than one grain of salt. There Is
admittedly a great temptation for the
.bllla.i military critics to Indulge In
comment along this line. Articles ap
pearing in p,int which refer to "the be
tlnnlns ot the end" and the signs of Ger
man military collapse naturally attract
Immediate attention because this is what
the puhllr enjoys reading. But it Is
dangerous to encourage this belief. Gen.
fh is .onvlnced, until It Is fully war
rinlid In his talk to.rlay Gen. March pointed
out that the allied forces In the Plcardy
advance were going" over flat terrain
"here the patches of woods that had
listed had Already been shot away by
Intensive artillery fire. The valleys are
Krrendlrular to the advancing forces,
hlrh permits these forcea to go right
tnroimti them.
Hepor i at the War Department state
that the Twenty-seventh Division of New
trk National Ouard troops under (Jen.
, "'an " with the British In Flanders.
a a ,t resrnnled ns a "safe guess" that
they nr. Hunting in this area,
tnnfM-tilUi reports received by den.
lar I, t ... that the number of prisoners
telnet, i , thn HrUal, camp Mr
Amiei s his become ho gicat tint no
nre fit, he accommodated, These re
"'dhata that the number of pris
ner and the amount of booty captured
ttvn been iarKe
JMfring to the temporary lull along
Continued on Second Page.
Captured Doctors Aid
in Treating Wounded
IN FRANCE, Aug. 10. The
present battle has brought more
German wounded to the allied
casualty clearing stations than
there are wounded among the
allied soldiers'. Many German
doctors and hospital attendants
have been captured and they are
doing good service in aiding the
Since July 18 the Germans
have lost almost as much material,
as they captured in their big of
fensives earlier in the year.
Enemy Newspapers Admit
Bolshevik Government May
End Any Day.
Frominent British and French
Civilians Arrested by
Soviet Forces.
IjOKDon, Aug. 10. German newspa
pers admit to-day that the situation In
Russia Is so critical that a change ot
Government may come any day, accord
ing to a Copenhagen despatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company. The
Berlin Taegllsche Rundschau says that
events have developed rapidly In Russia
In the last few weeks and that Germany
must be prepared for the overthrow of
the Bolshevik Government In a few
days. The paper says the fact that Dr.
Karl itelfferlch, recently appolntedjGjer
man Ambassador to Russia In succes
sion to the late Count von Mlrbach, Is
In Berlin Indicates that Germany Is pre
pared to meet any contingency.
The Frankfort Zrttung says that the
pressure against Moscow from the
northeast and southeast Is growing very
serious, the Caecho-Slovaks not only be
ing within a short distance of the city,
but having succeeded In cutting off the
food supply. The paper adds that the
opposition of the peasants to the Bol
shevlkl Is growing stronger.
The semi-official Bolshevik organ
Itvettia, according to the Frankfort
Zcttung. reports the arrest of prominent
British and French civilians by the Bol
shevlki. French and Siberian officers
also have been seized by the Bolshevlkl.
The headquarters staff of the Don
Cossack army announces that after three
months operations almost the whole of
the Don region has been cleared of the
Bolshevlkl, according to despatches from
Kiev, via Amsterdam. The Don Cos
sack army now consists of many thou
sands of excellently equipped soldiers,
and a final decision Is Imminent, the
despatches add.
Bolshevik Officers Unreliable,
Adds Trotzky.
Amsterdam, Aug. 10. Hans Vorst,
the Moscow correspondent of the Berlin
Tageblatt, reporting tne meeting of the
Central Executive Committee of the
Soviets on July 211, says that Nikolai
Lentne, the Bolshevik Premier, was en
thusiastically cheered. In the course of
his speech Lenlne referred to the dan
gers threatening tho revolution and em
phasized the necessity of combatting
war weariness, because the revolution,
he said, was fighting for Its existence.
He Instanced canes where the Red Army
was withdrawing, although stronger
than the opposing Cxeqho-SIovaks.
"Tha fatal plans of Anglo-French Im
perialism," said Lenlne, "can only be
frustrated If we succeed In crushing the
Czecho-Slovaks .and their counter revo
lutymary partisans on the Volga, In the
Urals and In Siberia. This Is the urgent
task and all others must be relegated
to the background. All our forces must
be devoted to the war,"
Leon Trotzky, the War Minister,
pointed out that sufficient Red Guards
could be sent against the Czecho-Slovaks
to outnumber them two or three times
over. Ie referred to the enthusiasm of
the Czecho-iSloyaks, which, apparently,
was lacking among the Soviet troops,
and added:
"We are now forced to send our best
leaders among the workers to the front
as agitators and organizers."
Complaining of the lack of officers,
Trotzky eald: "The Russian officers are
counter-revolutionaries, but ttfa hour
has come to master them. Concentra
tion camps will be established for offi
cers who do not loyally serve the Ile.l
Army. Several already serving have
proved unreliable and cases of treachery
have occurred.
"Every officer In command must be
watched on both sides by war commissa
ries with revolvers In their hands. Mj
officer will be allowed to take a single
step without supervision, and ilf he
wavers he will be shot. Recrultlrui
among workmen will be extended. They
must make company with death, for
only then can they hope to make a com
pact also with victory."
French nrrelre Naval Committee.
Paris, Aug, 10. Members of the Naval
Committee of the United States Con
areas, headed by Lemuel P. Padgett,
were received this mornings by Georges
Lcj'gues, Minister of Marine,
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, AUGUST 11, 1918. Copyright, 1911. by the Hun Printing and Publishing Association. 68
Lending Military Critic Sees
Germans Turning to For
mal Defensive.
Forecasts One Man Type Next
Calls Montdidier Rail
road Big Gain.
(One of the foremost military critics
in Europe.)
Sptciat Cablt Dtspotch to Tna Sis from tt
London Tints.
Copyright, lilt; alt rights rtstrted.
London, Aug. 10. A sound military
principle is to exploit a victory, but
to its utmost profltablo return, not
to Its utmost gross return, which may
be a.very different thing. It Is as an
Important & part of generalship to ,
know when to leave off as to know
when to begin. One of our faults In
the past has been that we have at
tempted to squeeze our victories too
dry notably at Passchendnele, al
though our mistake In .this regard
was happily righted there.
There Is no sign as yet that this
limit of productivity has been reached
in the present offensive. Indeed the
contrary was true on Friday, although
the progress made that day was not
quite up to Thursday's standard, when
17,000' prisoners and a (till uncounted
number of guns were captured. The
situation on the"whole, however, was
satisfactory. The BHtlsTl centre In
the Lys Valley was carried forward
another four miles.
Montdidier Itntlroad Valuable.
On the right ths French, who had
such a hard struggle Thursday to force
the Avre, Improved their pos.tion on
the east hank by the capture of Ar
vlllers, where they Joined up with the
Canadian troops now In the town.
There waa one setback Friday on
the north bank of the Bomme, where
the Germans seem to have recovered
Chlpllly, captured from them on Thurs
day. The Allies still retain Morlan
.court, however.
The continued development of the al
lied offensive la not easy to forecast.
Clearly the most important single posi
tion now held by the Germans In this
region is the railway Junction at
Chaulnes, upon the possession of which
depends their retention of Montdidier and
Roye. (Late despatches have reported
the capture of Montdidier by the
A double railway line runs through
Montdidier, and It would mean a great
gain In our railway communications.
Already Amiens must have returned
to Its old Importance as a railway centre.
Yet It Is precisely toward Chaulnes, the
Importance of which the Germans of
course know very well, that the allied
progress has been the greatest. The two
n.S rt tk. n.rm n llnA north Of the
Bomme toward Montdidier are still hold- J
Ing, nnd one Is reminded of Gen. Lu
demlorffs theory of an elastic defensive
line stretching between two rigid points.
The outlook Is most promising, hut as
yet the Identification of the German
lines Is not sufficiently wide for us to be
certain of the final result. Their with
drawal from the Lys salient confirms the
suspicion that the Germans are abandon
ing all plans for a formal offensive In
the west. But it must be remembered
that here they are not on favorable
ground and that they probably never
would have occupied It had not unex
pected successes In the early stages of
their attack inspired them with the
hope of capturing all the high ground In
that Hectlon.
The tactics of the battle havo been of
exceptional. Interest. The correspondents
make mention of the light tanks which
evidently have considerable speed, for
they have gone far ahead of the Infantry
and seem to have had no difficulty In
keeping pace with the cavalry, In which
the British army still retains Its faith
If the ground be reaaonably dry.
One Man Tank Aaggeitrd.
The tank Is a complete answer to tht
tactics of the fortified zone which the
Germans first used early this year after
they had abandoned the rigid lines of
formal trench warfare. The Increased
speed of the light tanks makes up fur
their reduction In armor protection. The
armor must make the tanks Impeitlous
to rifle and machine gun bullets, but
thj'.r only protection against the direct
hits of field artillery Is their speed.
The true line of development for tanks
Is toward Increased lightness and In
creased speed. One Is not sure. In
deed, whether the best answer to the
growing power of the defence In modern '
warfare would not De rouna in principle
In a one man tank for Infantrymen.
The armored knight of the Middle
Ages was the lineal ancestor of the
modern man In a tank, whose caterpillar
wheels are a great Improvement for
military purposes on the legs of any
Continued on Second Page.
Two Army Birdmen Fly
From Britain to Egypt
LONDON, Aug. 10. Two Royal
Air Force officers, with two
mechanics, have completed a
flight from England to Egypt, a
distance of 2,000 miles, in a type
of airplane that has seen consid
erable service on the front.
The official report, announc
ing this feat, says: "One or two
halts were made for petrol, but
the flight was merely a bit of
routine work."
Allies' Air and Tank Service
Play Sensational and Effec
tive Parts in Offensive.
Retreating Foe Harassed and
Hammered From Air and
by Flanks on Land.
Sptciat Cablt ntspatch to Ths Sc.
Copyright, 1J1S; all rights rtstrred.
London, Aug. 10. Not since they
were first employed In warfare have
tanks and airplanes played a more sen
sational part or aided mora effectively
In deciding the fortunes of battle than
In the conflicts now going on in Plcardy
and Flanders. The tanks, rolling ahead
of the Infantry and spitting a hall of
lead, have reduced frontal resistance and
flanked the trenches and machine gun
nests on either side.
While the tanks were playing their
Big part be)ow the airplanes overhead
were doing a no less Important work,
dropping bombs on enemy troop concen
trations, directing the Are of our artli-,
lery and dropping moke bombs to con
ceal the movements of our Infantry.
Great Activity In Clonds.
Fiom the latest reports to-day It Is
estimated that at least 100 German air
Planes have been destroyed by the
British fliers.. At the same time the
British have lost many machines, the
latest estimate being more than sixty.
It has been an epochal period for
these two great aids to military achieve
ment The airplanes, by keeping ahead
of the tanks, keep our headquarters of
ficers In constant touch with the battle
situation. Times without number they
were able to direct our artillerymen In
a way that enabled them to make direct
hits on enemy transport columns. Still
other machines carried ammunition to
our advanced forces, who signalled back
that they wanted this kind ot aid Imme
diately. German Infantrymen Itonted.
And, above all, the airplanes played
havoc with the retreating Infantrymen.
Swooping low over the lines, they poured
the fire from their machine guns Into the
enemy ranks, making It Impossible for
the Germans to retreat In order. Fifty
British machines were reported missing
the first day of the fighting, most of
them shot down as they flew low over
the enemy's lines. Forty-eight German
flyers were shot down In the same pe
riod and others driven out of control.
Much of the success of the BrltlBh of
fensive Is undoubtedly due to the fine
work of our airmen In supplying Infor
mation concerning the enemy's move
ments and the disposition of his troops.
More photographs were taken by British
airmen this week than In any one week
since the British aerial photographic
service was started,
Labor Pnrtjr to Champion Women.
I.ONDON, Friday, Aug. 9. The Iabor
party has Issued a call for a convention
of women of Great Britain to be held
October 16. The convention will con
sider the political and civil rights of
women and Is expected to demand the
right of membership In the House ot
Commons for them.
Senator Lewis Goes to the Front.
Washington, Aug. 10. Senator Lewis
of Illinois has gone to Prance to see the
battle fronts and visit Illinois troops
with the expeditionary forcea It was
learned to-day that ho left Washington
two weeks ago and Is about due to ar
rive on the other side.
Smoke Gifts Make
Home Seem Nearer
"J)EAR FRIEND: You folks
at home are the goods! We
don't feel so far away when we
get the good American smoking
article and for your kind efforts
I want to thank you."
This card from Sergeant M. V.
Lynch', Fourteenth Engineers, is
typical of many which come to
SUN Tobacco rund contributors
from soldiers Over There. A
few of them are printed on page
1, section 7, this morning.
bacco Fund has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
French Capture FcwerGuns
Than British Because of
Enemy Prudence.
After Encircling Movement at
Morisel They' Throw Pon
toons Over River.
Sptciat Cable Despatch to Tns Sex from tht
London Timti.
Copyright, 1111; all rights rtitrvti.
With tub Frbxcii Armt, Aug. 10.
The French army operating to the right
of the British continues to make good
progress, although, as might be ex
pected, the rate of advance slackened
somewhat compared with the splendid
advance of the first day.
The French continuously engaged
the German infantry as It fell back,
the Germans, as usual, depending
upon renr guard machine gunners to
hold up the Allies while they con
ducted their retreat.
The French captured fewer guns
than the British for the reason that
the enemy was expecting on nttack
further north, and In consequence had
moved his guns north of the Amlens
Roye road to hold Rnwllnson's men in
Many Comle Adventnres.
T) e surprise In the first stages of the
offensive resulted In many comic adven
tures. One group of German officers.
Including three regimental commanders,
fiof expecting an attack, were) dressing
when their quarters were Invaded by
the poilus. One Colonel looked up while
winding his puttees and found himself
staring Into the face of a grinning
Frenchman who stood, gun In hand,
waiting for him to finish.
Other German officers, seeing tho
French coming, left their huts and
started down the road on a run, the
poilus after them, shooting Into the dus-i
to frighten them. They were finally
caught and with other officers were com
pelled to walk back to our lines. They
could not conceal their disgust over this
On the other hand the captured Ger
man soldiers rejoiced to find themselves
In French hands. Many of these
prisoners are middle aged and the
French officers were amazed to fina
that the majority wore spectacles. They
flung themselves like famished animals
on the first food that' was offered them.
French Aid Brilliantly.
Although the French have taken n
secondary part In tho campaign con
ducted by Field Marshal Halg they have
conducted themselves brilliantly. At
Morisel they took 400 prisoners despite
a stubborn resistance. At this point the
French Infantry threw Itself across the
river, which was a difficult task. The
Avre at this point, while only about
fifty feet wide, has steep banks on both
sides, and on the east side a glacis led
directly up to the German machine gun
positions. After an encircling movement
by which they cleaned out the Germans
at tho top of the slopes they threw
pontoons across the river and passed
At Ottreull the enemy met tho French
advance with the atltfest sort of resistance
and did not give up until the French had
worked around the village to attack on
both flanks. - As soon ns this village was
taken the Germans seemed to lose heart
a,nd from that moment the French con
tinued their anvance more quickly and
with less difficulty.
After passing Nlzleres to the Amiens
Roye road they progressed five miles
with practically no resistance. The
French artillery did very little, firing
only a few rounds at the beginning of
the advance. So easy, In fact, was the
French advance at some points that the
men laid aside their guns as coon as
they got Inside the old German lines
and hegan to gather In the harvest,
which was badly In need of cutting.
Prlre Goes Up u Hlse of Ration Is
I.ondok, Aug. 10. It Is officially re
ported from Berlin that the bread ra
tion In the German capital will be In
creased by 100 grams (about 3V4
ounces) weekly, according to an V'x
charige Telegraph despatch from Copen
hagen. The price has also been raised by
twelve pfennigs. The ration will now be
1,850 grams weekly, as compared with
1,950 In August of last year.
New Papal Nunrlo Maid to He Von
lllntse'a Friend.
fill the Afsoclated Frtss,
Pekin, Aug. 10. The Chinese Gov.
ernment has declined to recelvo Mgr.
Petrelll, recently appointed Papal
Nuncio to China, on the ground that
he Is a personal friend of Admiral
von Hlntze. German Secretary of For
eign Affairs and lale Minister to
Enemy's Casualties Eight
to Ten Times Greater
Than Allies'.
One Corps Takes 4,000 Prison
ers as Armored Cars
Spread Terror.
nr PEnnv robinson.
Sptcial Cable Dtspatrh to Tns Bis from the
London Ttmts.
Copyright, 1)11; all rights rtserrtd.
With the British Army in France,
Aug. 10. From enrly this morning
until noon I walked over the 1'lcnrdy
battlelleld, Including much of wtlnt
yesterday was No Mnn's Land nnd
the forward German trenches. One
could stray over the Brent deserted
plain while the guns thundered In
termittently nnd airplanes buzzed
The chief Impression one gets Is
the great number of German dend.
We know our own casualties nre
light. From Indications the enemy's
nre the heaviest In any battle thus
far fought. I snw so many German
dead on that part of the field I trav
ersed that I am not exaggerating
when I say that there were from
eight to ten enemy dead for every
one of our own. I regret that I did
not take lime to make an nctual
count, but men engaged In salvage
work tell me their Impression wns
the snme ns my own.
Growing; tlraln Ripe.
The battle field, which Includes vir
tually all of the Santerre plateau, Is
an extraordinary sight. It Is a wide,
level expanse of farm land, destitute
of trees or hedges. The crops already
vere In the ground before the German
advance In March drove the cultiva
tors away. Lacking attention the
grain grew and ripened, much freer
of weeds than one would expect. There
are fields of wheat, barley, oats and
rye, now ready to harvest nnd well
worth harvesting. Many ncres of
clover should have been cut before
this, but it Is still In bloom and
swarming with butterflies, especially
swallow tails, pale clouded yellows and
painted Indies. There were many
patches of potatoes and I saw n num
ber of Canadians detailed to dig them.
They found an excellent yield, with
five or six big tubers In each hill. One
man already had harvested two big
All this wns ground which yester
day was well behind the German lines.
The growing fields of grain nre In
tersected by paths made by soldiers
going to nnd from their trenches.
( 1 ney nre piucu wmi sneit notes aim
J scarred by trench llnra nnd machine
gun positions, while yesterday our
tanks broke great trulls through the
fields of waving grain.
Stern Work to lie Done.
Undoubtedly there Is some stern
work ahead between the Ancre and the
Somme, ns the Oermans are sure to fight
desperately to hold the heights on the
north side of the Somme.
One hears some wonderful tales of
lighting by the cavalry, which ranged
all over the open country during the
i night, capturing villages nnd rounding
up prisoners; of whole batteries rf ar
mored cars thrusting nlong the road."
far In advance of the Infantry, sur
prising the Geimans in places from
which they thought tho battle was, far
The crew of one car said they met a
German trnnsport which tried to turn
around to escape. Four mounted of
ficers came gnlloplng up to see what
had happened and all were shot from
the car, which then proceeded to round
up the personnel of the transport. At
several places our armored cars over
took .both mechanical and horse drawn
transport along the roads, and nfter
shooting the horses took the men prls
cnr. At one place the crews of the ar
mored cars stopped n railway train and
set It nflre. At another place the cars
drove through a village, where the sol
diers were still asleep, unaware of danger.
The car drove througti, shoottng Into
windows. In one house officers were
Just preparing to sit down to breakfast,
but their meal was Interrupted by a
hall of bullets.
One car near Framerville found Itself
among a group of hutments, which It dis
covered to be a corps headquarters. It
shot down some corps stnn offirers nnd
poured bullets Into tho hutJ. The crew
then heard that part of the corps crew
had escaped toward Terrene, so began a
chase which soon overtook the fleeing
officers. When they s.iw the car cominK
they took to the woods, but many of
Continued on Third Page.
Crown Prince Is Blamed
for Defeat by His Men
JONDON, Aug. io. Reuter's
correspondent with the Brit
ish Army in France lends the toU
lowing despatch concerning the
German Crown Prince:
According to the statements
of prisoners the German Crown
Prince appears to be the most
unpopular leader in the Ger
man Army. He is accused by
them of being directly respon
sible for the Marne disaster.
They say that the opinion is
widely expressed by German
soldiers , that the Crown
Prince's amateurish interfer
ence with the plans of their
experienced Generals was the
starting point for the present
crushing misfortunes of the
German armies.
In Chlpllly Spur Battle Our
Troops Overcomo Great
Gorman Infantry Breaks After
Fighting of Most Desperate
By the Associated Press.
With ths Hritisk Armt in Fran-c,
Aug. 10. North of the Ancre the Rrlt
lsh have firmly established their posi
tions and are pushing out patrols toward
Brayt. The Germans throughout the
day were retiring all aleng the line, en
deavoring to save whatever they could
as tho French-launched their new attnek
agalhst Montdidier.
Tho Americans and British have now
advanced beyond their objectives north
of the Somme. The whole of the Chl
pllly Fpur Is now In their possession af-
' ter fighting of the most desperate char
acter last night. Tho casualties of the
Americans were not moro than was to
be expected, considering the bitterness
of the fighting.
Ilrtnlls of llnttlr.
Details of the brilliant battle which
the Americans and British fought for
the spur are now available. In order to
go over the top at the oppolnted time
yesterday afternoon the Americans were
forced to make a rapid march, In the
last part ot which they ran, so as to be
in the fight.
In the American attack the German
Infantry held for a while nnd then broke
and tho Americans kept going, at me
places without the assistance of the
tanks. Tho ground, pitted with deep
gullies, was unsulted for tank warfare.
There were no trenches, but a thin
smoko fcrreen blowing across the ground
Indicated whore the enemy's positions
lay. At tho same time the Herman a
tillery Ucarhe active and dropped shelli
in the direction of the American tnni.
which mlllcted a few casualties. Ine
Amerlcare-, however, ran on and reached
the smoke line Just as It lifted. Tlie.'e
they '.awxil themselves at grips with llio
Fore Unit of Ilnllrts.
Meanwhile certain American units had
reached positions In front of a wood
when the Germans opened fire with ma
chine gut', Mr.i.y of those enrny ma
chine gunners came up Irom deep dug
outs after the American barrage had
ceased and they placen their guns In pre
pared pits. The Americans faced a hall
of bullets here.
The OermatiR continued to fire until
tho Americans ai.d the Kngl.sh put 'hem
out of notion.
Impotance of Next Liberty
Loan Is Stressed.
Ci-kvklanp. Ohio, Aug. 10. Lewis II.
Franklin, natlonnl director of the Gov
ernment War Ioan Organization, sxik
to 260 Fourth Federal reserve dlstrU-t
Liberty Ixian chairmen from Ohio,
Pennsylvania, West Virginia mid Ken
tucky here to-day 011 their work In the
fourth Liberty Loan campaign, Septem
ber 2S to October 19.
"Of every 5 earned In this rnuntry
this ear $2.30 will be needed by the
United States Government to pay Its war
bill, and the Government has got to get
It," Mr. Franklin declared.
He urged the chairmen to help In
stamping out the "blue sky" stock Mies
men who nre offering bogus securities In
trade for Liberty bonds and to aid the
labor bureuus In t-utbing the Industrial
Mrs. Hkrllliiutiiu Drpnrlril.
Lonpon, Aug. 1ft --Mrs. 1'. Sheehy
tfkctllnrton vvn"' deported from Kings
town, Ireland, Friday night Kite was
In iharge of two prison wardresses,
f s
The list of casualties as re
ported by the War Department
will be found on page 8.
Allies Close In on Chaulnes,
Patrols Already Have
Beached City.
Town Now Dominated by
Artillery and Retirement
Is Difficult.
Morlaucourt and Chlpllly Spur
Won in Attack With
London, Aug. 10. Montdidier, apex
of the Ocrmnh tinllem In France, the.
whole front of which is now Imper
illed by the nlllcd advance, fell to
the French tills nfternoon. The city
wns enveloped from the north nnd
southeast by the French, whose con
stantly Increasing pressure forced the
Germans tp vacate the city. So hnty
wns their evacuation thnt Immense
quantities of supplies and thousands
of prisoners were left behind.
Knst of Montdidier the Allies have
closed lu on Chaulnes, French out
lasts hnvlng renclKMl thnt city, nc-cm-dlng
to latest reports. The rail
road Junction south of that town Is
now dominated by allied nrtlllery,
nnd If Chuuliies falls the (Jerman
army tinder Gen. von Mutler will be
compelled to undertake the long
march over wagon rond toward
These roads, the only avenues of
escape, nre under the French fire
from tho south, and It would not be
In the least surprising should the re
treat of the Germans be cut off.
Americans Help Ilrttlah.
Once again tho Americans arc par
ticipating In tho fighting, this time
giving aid to the British In the bnttld
between the Ancre nnd the Somme,
These American troops have been bri
gaded with the British. Iteports from
the front sihow that they have given
an excellent account of themselves
nnd hove participated In the capture
of several Important positions, towns
nnd villages.
The Americans assisted the British
in the capture of Morlanrourt and the
heights to tho southeast nnd also
Chlpllly Spur, where the fighting was
Intense. The American machine gun
ners nnd Infantry went into battle
with their traditional enthusiasm.
They met the Germans nnd defeat
ed them hero Just ns they did along
the Marne. At places stiff resistance
developed, but nil nlong tho line the
Americans, British and French
smashed through the harassed enemy
who was trying to hold up their ad
vance. The Hermans are streaming Berlin
ward from all that part of their front
between the Somme and the Olse rivers,
pounded at every Mep by British and
French artillery nnd hampered by tanks,
airplanes and Infantry. The German
forces In Flanders under Crown Prince
Itupprecht of Bavaria, which could be
used as a reserve to stop the Plcardy
backwash If the Oerman higher com
mand had only one Instead of three
allied ofTcnslves to contend with, are ex
tremely busy trying to hold the British
and Americans In check north of the
Somme and In the old Lys battlefields.
Kni-h Army AVKhnnt Help,
As it Is, each of the Imperilled Her
man armies must shirt for Itself, with
out help from the others, and that this
Is a problem for which the Herman
higher command has no solution Is In
dicated by :i retreat that now extend
over practically the whole of the front
from Ypres to Solssnns In the allied
capitals the feeling of expectancy Is at
the highest pitch and there would be no
surprise should the retreat clenenerate
Into a rout almost at any minute.
South and cast of Montdidier the
French have extended their lines over a
front of sixteen mile! in the direction of
Soissons, Over this trout they ndvntired
fIx miles In six bourn to-ilu). which per
mits them to dominate the roads leading
out of Montdldtrr and over which the
Hermans nre now frantically trying to
escape The general line reached by
the Allien In the Albert-Montdldler sec
tor now- runs from Llhons to Fresnny.
Ics-lioye, LlKtilercs and t'onchj -les-I'ot.
The Herman night official statement
fujs "the enemy has gained ground be
yond Iloslcres nnd linngext In tht centre
of the battlefield "
Pnrls-Auitriis Unllv-a).
As one Important lesult of the Allied
offensive In Plcardy the Paris-Amlcns
railway, which was compelled to bus
pond operations after tho Herman ao-
vanc-c 'in March 21. Is In full operatlt-i
Speaking at n luncheon to-day at
Newport, Monmouthshire. Promler Lloyd
(Je-orge emphasised the importance of
the pushing hack of the Hermans from
within gun range of the Amiens rail
way. "Hundreds of trains used to pass
through Amiens dally,'' the Premier
said, "hut we were temporarily deprived
of its tine until lecently, whim we wero
able to empliry twenty trains dally
"Amiens now Is safe through the re
cent Allied triumphs on the Marne and

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