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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, August 20, 1918, Image 1

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J -A.
Fair to-day and. to-morrow; not much
change in temperature.
Highest temperature yesterday, 73 j loweit, 6a.
Detailed weather reports on lut page.
NEW YORK, TUESDAY, UGUST 20, 1918 covVh0m, xm,bU Sun mming
and Publishing Association.
KITH 3,600,000
J.S. BEN IN 1919
"With HO Divisions We Can
Go Through German.
Line. He Asserts.
Baker Would Call 19-36
First, 3645 Next ami
Youngest Cluss Last.
Senate Will Begin Work oh
Jinn Power Bill
, Special PtspaleS to Tni Bus.
Washington. Aug. 19. By using
fTery available man between the ages
of 18 and 43 years the United States
will have eighty divisions facing the
Ocnnans on the western front by June
i.f nsii year and will bo sufficiently
to-.-rrful to force a victorious end of
t'l- ar before the close of next year.
T!".ui l.i substance was the Information
Riven to-day to the House Military
Committee by Secretary Baker. and
Oi. March. Chief of Staff.
nighty divisions would mean the use
of 3 600.000 men.
Carrying out the stupendous man
power programme of the nation will
leave no chance of youtrrtHrf tS"tl
fars being placed In any sort of de
terred cVasslflcatlon. Gen. March made
this clear, declaring that every man In
Cass 1 registered under the enlarged
draft ages will be needed "by next
fprlng anyhow."
He explained that Intensive training
cf at least four months Isjnecessary
More men can be shipped abroad, and
the programme of placing elgJvty divi
sions in" France and leaving eighteen
rere by the middle of next year makes
It impossible to defer calling the
youngest class under the new regis
tration. J
nakrr Not lis EpHelt.
On this point Mr. Baker was not quite
as explicit, though. and said that Gen.
Cronder was working on a. plan
thereby these boys would be called
to the colors last. This plan would
call those between 19 and 3 .years first,
thtn those between Sf and 45, and last
of all the youngest class.
TV. Mn,mll4n A-ftR aatlsfled With GtTl.
Mirch's statement, though, that this
would mean only a few weeks respite
for the 18-19 years old class. He flatly
to'.d the committee that It had "better
jet rid of the idea that the men 18 to
1J ars old will be placed In a deferred
eluslflcatlon for any length of time.
The men must expect to be called four
'o s'x months prior to June SO, 1919,
when It will be necessary to have the
American forces so strong as to make
vietorj certain."
Any question of serious opposition
to the man power bill was effectually
3'Jelchcd when in answer to questions
b members of the committee Gen.
Arch asserted that unless the draft
of men between 18 and 45 was author
ed the deferred classes under the
rresent registration of men between 21
and 11 years of age would have to be
evaded and that the result of this
nou'.d be to "seriously cripple essential
Secretary's Apparent Switch.
As the House committee understood
the Secretary of War, apparently he
is backtracked on some of the Btate
frwito he made recently in respect to
lh man power bill. He was under
stood to have raid plainly that marriage
wo'ild h. m. 3!itnmtlp bar to classifies-
ion In fiat 1 under tla new reslstra-
ion and also to have indicated cieariy
opposition to the croDOsed "antl-
'tr.ice" amendment to the man power
"in To-day he gave different Impres
Horn altigethrr.
--..wit i(w .senate ...I.,. .11 J ww..t. ..
Mr Baker declared that Inclusion of the
orlc or fight" amendment proposed
tV Kna,n, Thnm.o 1 1 ne a nit nmenf1e.fi
oy Senator Iteed (Mo.), which 1 de-
ned to make striking workmen liable
'o nduction Into the army, would be
unfortunate." To-day he gave
Ilou- Military Committee the clear
nvtrrs on that he did not object to the
I!esrdr.g the question of marrlaie
' mmtttee understood Mr. Baker
o tit--e il different rtosttlon from
ne 1'. :tmitA ii'li.n V. . . nnAiinn.il
enity that marriage of men between
h f gei of 32 and 45 years would be
r. automat ir bar to Inclusion In class 1.
fo-1a M - Ilaker said that he proposed
''' 'o make "more automatic" the
" f) at on of married men who were
ton irtuctf oh Fourth Pagt,
Daring Airman's Glove
Stops Gasolene Leak
Br tht. Associated Press. -
IN PRANCE, Auk. 19. A
remarkable story of adventure in
the air during a fight came to
light to-day. The observer of n
two seater machine climbed out
on the wing and stopped with his
glove a puncture made in the
gasolene tank by an anti-aircraft
The machine side slipped dur
ing the operation, but the ob
server remained out on thread ng
until the ground was almost
reached. Then he climbed back
into the machine, which landed
British Tnnkcr in Hurining
Brittle Jlakcs Glean Hits and
Is Struck Twice.
Subninrinc Bursts Into Flames
nnd l'cw Minutes Later
Goes Down.
Pim.ADEi.PHM. Aug. 19. A German
submarine was sunk In a running battle
with a British tank steamer last Friday
about 300 miles northeast of Nantucket,
according to members of the tanker's
crew. The oil ship arrived here to-night
from- Mexico. Twenty-seven shots were
fired by the tank ship, one or more of
which her master declared scored clean
hits, as flames were seen burstlnj from j
the port .side, of the submarine, which
lie s-ld sank a few minutes later, ,
When, first sighted the U-boaV. was
two mile's away.-ticcorJlng to tin qsptttn
or the tanker, wtio said he Immediately
opened Are. Two shots from the sub
mersible struck tho British ship, one -of
them pasting through the boiler- room
and the other through a tank, Neither
of the shells exploded and they did no
material damage, the captain reported.
He and 8 Others Whose Ship
Was Sunk Reach Boston.
Boston, Aug. 19. Capt. David Evans
of the British steamship Penlstone, who
was taken aboard a German submarine
as a prisoner of war after the undersea
boat sank his vessel off Nantucket last
week, was landed here late to-day.
With Capt. Evans were thirty-one
members of the crew of the Norwegian
steamship San Jose, also n victim of ihe
same submarine that destroyed the Pen
istcne. Capt. Evans appeared little the worse
for his adventures. He was seised by
the German commander.when he tried to
return to his sinking vessel for the
ship's papers.
The San Jose was sunk August
17. Capt. Kvans, who had been a
prisoner on the submarine six days,
was put Into one of the Han Jose's small
boats, which was picked up later by a
Government vessel. Twenty-live other
members of the San Jose, It was an
nounced by the Navy Dcparl.ient. have
also been saved and landed at an Atlan
tic port.
The Penlstone was sent down 100
miles east of Nantucket August 11. Her
engineer was killed and four firemen
were wounded by the explosion of the
torpedo In her endne room. The
other survivors landed on the New
England coast four day later, after hav
ing suffered severely from their experi
ence In open boats.
By order of the naval authorities
Capt. Evans could not be seen by news
paper men to-night, but members of the
San Jose's crew said the Penlstone's
commander had told them he was
treated with every courtesy by the
U-boat commander. Before the Penl
stone was sent to tho bottom Capt.
Evana was allowed to visit .his ship to
get h's new uniform, sword and other
Prior to the sinking of the San Jose,
which occurred eighty miles off the At
tiniiA mast cn Saturday morning. Cent.
Evans was given his choice of return- '
Ing on the submarine to Germany as a ,
prisoner of war or of going with the '
crew of the Han Jose in tne open Doais. ,
Tho Captain chose the latter. As he j
was leaving the submarine, members of t
the crew of tho San Jose said, tne com
mander of the U-boat shook hands with
him, wished him luck and handed him
a bottle of brandy, telling hi in he might
need It In the cold.
Capt. Evans and the Han Jose's men
were In the open boats twenty-six hours.
When a steamship appeared on tho hori
zon Capt. Evans stood ui and waved an
(English flag. The signal attracted the
attention of the lookqut on the steam
ship, which put about and rescued the
men. This was at about 3:30 o'clock
Saturday afternoon. The steamship kept
a zigzag course, but the submarine did
not appear.
Describing the attack on the Han Jose
members of the crew said that the
U-boat suddenly nppesred ahead and
fired a shot across the steamship's bow.
As the steamship slowed down an armed
guard put oft from the submarine. Or
dering all those on the Ban Jose Into the
small boats the guards proceeded to
strip the ship of all provisions. A bomb
was placed In the fotward hold and the
ship was blown up. i
Officer of German Sub
marine Seen Here by Sur
vivor of Sunken Schooner.
Secret Visits at ; Night
Enemy Agents on Coast
Arc Suspected.
tptriat Dupatch to Tss Sc.
Washington', Aug. 19.-r-The secre
tive, petty form of warfare which the
German U-boats are conducting off our
coast has hrought new developments
which contribute to the sum total of
annoyanccei caused to tho Government
by the presence of these craft, but
have nnd wl'.l have no effect whatever
on the course of the war.
Tub SfN- correspondent learned to
day that one of the German subma
rines has cut one of the cables, and
that there are indications that mem
bers of a U-boat crew have secretly
come ashore, presumably in search of
Information. i '
One report, which has two witnesses
to substantiate It. Is that a German of
ficer from a submarine succeeded In
making his way to New York and was
recognized there In a drinking resort by
one of the survivors from a schooner
recently sunk by the submarine. The
officer made his escape when he saw that
he had been recognized.
Mar Co Ashore- mt lcht.
The assumption In some quarters here
Is that the U-boat 'crews may go ashore
frequently by Using collapsible boat")
after the submarine -lets close to shore
at some unfrequented place at night
Search for Information ould probably
bo the chief object. There Is a possi
bility of course that these men come
Into contact or Into communication with
German agents here, but the proper au
thorities. It Is understood, are alive to
this danger, so there Is no cause ror
particular worry.
The cutting of the cable not one ot
the main cables Is leas Important than
It seems. It Is In fact the second time
that the submarines have done tsls nnd
the remedial work amounts simply to
sending out a ship with rpec!al equip
ment to pick the ends of the cable up
and splice It Just as one splices a broken
wire on an automobile.
These tricks of the U-boats therefore
are not destined to change materially
the course of events. The best Informs,
tlon Is that there were three U-boats
off the toast In thlu raid, but one or two
of them may have returned.
The accomplishments of t.ie subma
rines during this last raid may be sum
marized roughly as follows: Destroyed
a few small craft, attacked fishing
smacks successfully, cut the cable, made
secretive visits ashore and strewed
mines. .Most of the mines have probably
been swept up, though one of them un
doubtedly sunk the 'tahRer Frederic II.
Kellogg off Barnegat, N. J., last week.
Incidentally the tanker Pratt, recently
sunk by a mine, has been raised and
practically repaired for future service.
Valuable Hints for Xsvs.
Operations of the U-boats are giving
our navy valuable hints as to the cpurse
to pursue for the future, and It Is prob
able that within a reasonably short time
the defensive measures will be even
more efficient than they are now, but
there will be no diversion of naval
strength from the main wotk of protect
ing convoys and supplies.
Coastwise trade will probably be car
ried on by vessels armed with guns ca
pable of forcing the U-boats to keep at
a safe distance and use torpedoes, which
Incidentally are not proving as reliable
as they used to be because of the dif
ficulty Germany Is having In getting the
materials. Each U-boat carries fifteen
or twenty torpedoes at the most, and
many miss or go astray.
The trio of submarines which have
Coitfintied on Recend Page.
"Till You Come Over
You'll Never Know"
fpHIS is a reference to smokes
in a letter of eulogium of
THE SUN Tobacco Fund by
Private Robert B. Costollo of
Company K 302d Infantry. He
adds: "The New York SUN is a
great friend to the boys in olive
drab and each and every one is
grateful to it."
That confirmed smoke fund
fan Arthur Guy Empey, who has
been going over the top in the
woods for black bass, sends in a
good big check to boost the fund.
It is listed under new contribu
tions on page 5.
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
Big Guns Make Way
for Allies' Advance
Ity tht Aitoclatld Prttl.
Aug. 19. The Americans and
French increased 'their grip on
their holdings north of the Vcslo
River at several points early
Monday morning by slight in
fantry advances. The manoeu
vres were carried out without
encountering any Germans. West
of Bazoches the Germans sent
out patrols, but these were
pushed back by the Americans.
The French and Americans be
gan operating on Sunday . the
biggest guns they have used since
they reached the Vesle. These
heavy guns are blazing away at
tho Aisne River region and be
yond it, where aerial observers
have reported that" the Germans
are concentrating supplies.
CALLS 1,000,000
U. S. Labor Bureau Warns of
Crisis in Keeping War In
dustries in Operation.
Priority Distribution Plan in
Effect Since August 1
Proves Part Failure.
Suciat flisptuch to Tss So.
AVASHlNGTOtf. Aug. 19. One million
I'nskllled workers are needed In the war
Industries of the United States. It was
stated to-day, by officials of the Fed
eral Employment 8ervlce. Their an
nouncement 5s the first Intimation that
has been given out that the Jnbor short
age of ine couriry has reached such pro
portions. Un'crs the required million
nen enn he raised without delay many
industries mut tlose for the remainder
of the wa-
The shortage Is expected to ho greatly
augmented bv Increasing the draft age I
limits, and the Federal Employment '
Service Is coiTsldeilng appealing to men
In oil walks of life to volunteer their
services as common laborers In war '
plants for the rest of the war. j
'The Americans must know that "com- j
mon labor' when performed for one's
country In time of war Is worthy of any
man. whatever may be his prior position
or experience," said Nathan A Smyth, I
assistant director 01 the emplojmentl
service. "As the army Increases the sit
uation grown more grave. It must be
faced resolutely and square!. There arc
plenty of men in t!"e country to meet the
present cilsls, but they arc now engaged
In non-war work.'
Intimations here to-day were that men
rhyslcally qualified for limited service
and not subject to exemption may be
u. d to help overcome the labor short
1 33 to Be Wooden Freighters,
I 3,500 Tons Each.
! Washington, Aug. 19. Contracts for
I thirty-three wooden cargo vessels, each
nt 3,ouu tons oeati wcigni ; seven wooden
barges and three wooden harbor tugs
were let the week ended August 10,
the Shipping Board announced to-day.
Eighteen of the wooden craft will he
I built by the Universal Shipbuilding Com
, pany, Houston, Tex., and the rest at
Pacific coast yards. Six will be built
by the Kruse & Banks Shipbuilding
Company at North Bend, Wash., nnd
two each by the Fulton Shipbuilding
Company, Wilmington, Cal. ; the Sea
born Shipyards Company, Tacoma,
Wash.; the St. Helen (Wash.) Ship
building Company, and Nllson & Kelez
Shipbuilding Company, Seattle, Wash.,
nnd one by George V. Hodge rs L Co.,
Astoria, Ore.
The barges will be of 2,500 tons, five
being brillt by the Coastwise .Shipbuild
ing Company of Baltimore and two by
the Universal Company at Houston, Tex.
Enemy Press Tells People l.nden
dorff Needs Koom to Manirnrrr.
Paris, Aug. 19, The German press Is
attempting to assure Its public that
a general retreat Is necessary on the
western front to allow Gen. I.udendorff
room to manoeuvre and to assume the
Initiative on a vast scale, the newspa
pers report. A German retreat, the
newspapers my, would .be a direct re
sult of .the recent allied successes. The
ntfwspspers assert that even if Jtho
Germans recelvo reenforcementa from
Austria they have lost the power to
command events, as Marsnal Foch has
the Initiative and will keep It.
Oerman propaganda Insist the Ger
mii General Staff will retain the In
itiative by forcing premature engage
ments on the American army and thus
i wealing It out before It Is fully pre
pared, f.'7nmtiie lAbre says that the
' American forces taking part In the
Plcardy offensive could not be compared
I In sle with those of the French and
British. It says that America soon will
have a first class army In France and
that it will have airplanes which the
German aviators will have reason to
Believed to Cany 31st In
fantry Others Going
From California.
Lenine and Trotzky Said to Be
on Warship Ready to
Sail for Germany.
Sprctal Dispatch to Tss Scv.
WASiitNOTON-, Aug. 19. Four more
transports containing American troops
-PresumaKy the Thirty-first Infantry
from the Philippines have .landed at
Vladivostok, according to advices
reselling Secretary of War Baker to
day. They will Join troops of the
Twenty-seventh Infantry already there
nnd will be reenforced later by troops
from the Eighth Division which were
stationed at Camp Fremont, California.
Chinese troops also are reaching the
Siberian border, according to Informa
tion reaching here to-day. Fearing a
threatened Invasion o Chinese (terri
tory by Austro-German war prisoners
!n Russia, who Joined the Hed Guard
aaalnst the Czecho-Slovaks, the Pekln
Government has sent a large force to
'.he border.
The American forces nt Vladivostok
under Gen. Graves will follow plans
already drawn up tentatively by Gen.
Otanl, the Japanese Commander In
Chief of tho Joint International forces.
Gen. Peyton C. March, Chief of Staff,
Indicated last week American troops
bad been sent or ware being sent to
Itussln proper, arid "It i'sf assumed that
these forces will operate In the Arch
tvnrel oren with the Allies.
The news front Russia received at the
State Department to-da continues to
reflect chaotic conditions In Mo wow and
I'ctrngrad. Nikolai Lenine. the Boiahe-
vik leader, and Leon Trotsky, his War
Minister, are said to be on board the
warship Aurora in the roadstead ot
Kronstadt, ready to leave for Germany
whenever an uprising against them
makes It advisable. Indications arc that
both have lost much of their power and
are now acting openly in collusion with
German officials.
A reign of terror is said to bo raging
unabated In TetrogTad. An official des
patch to-day from Stockholm estimates
that 30.000 arrests have been made since
the beginning of August among army
ofllcers and middle class citizens.
Advices reaching hero to-day stated
that three special trains, carrying 800
German Boldlers wearing Russian uni
forms, and the German Embassy staff,
have left Moscow for Pctroerad.
Mistake to Underestimate
Strength, Say Czechs.
By the Associated Press,
Vladivostok, Aug. 10 (delayed) A
recond tiansport carrying American
troops nrrivvd nt Vladivostok to-day.
The transport bearing the first contin
gent of American oldiers entered the
haibor yesterday afternoon after a voy
age of seven and a half days from Ma
nila. A third troopship Is expected to
nirivo this evening.
Gen Diedrlchs, commander of the
Csecho-Slovak forces. In pointing out to
day the great odds his troops are facing,
estimated the enemy strength at 4U.000
men, with seventy guns and SOU ma
chine guns. The stntUB of thb . Caono
Slovaks In Transbaikalia Is unknown, he
said, but It certainly must be desperate.
To attain the object sought by the En
tente allied Governments n substantial
force must be sent to the Manchurlan
Dr. Varomlr Spacer, a member of the
Ctcrho-Slovak National Council, has left
fcr Washington to acquaint Prof. T. O.
Masaryk. the president f ,n' council,
with the situation. Dr Spacer told the
correspondent that tho Czecho-Slovaks
v"ill abide by the' decision of Prof, Ma
siryk as to whether they shall proceed
to France, which Is their ambition, or
Btay In Russia to fight the enemy If
given adequate nupport.
Opinion on all sides appears to be that
the allied Governments are underesti
mating the magnitude of the task of lib
crating the Ciecho-Slovaks, and do not
reallie the necessity of actual warfare
against superior numbers.
In the absence of artillery the Brit
lah .have equipped two open freight cars
with guns from a cruiser and sent them
to the Ussurl front.
Offlclnl rteiorteil to lie Fleelnjr
to Kronstadt Fortress.
Amsterdam, Aug. 19. Telegraphing
from Petrograd the correspondent of the
Dusseldorf Xachrichten quotes the Rus
sian newspaper Pravda as saying:
"The Soviet Government will declaro
war on Jhe Entente allied countries.
Soviet officials have issued an appeal
Conflnnrtf on ficcond Page.
New Peace Propaganda Wants European Powers to
Join in Opposition to "Czar" Wilson's
Economic Plans.
Sptcial Cable tits patch to The Srx.
I'opyrioht, till: alt rlohts'Testrred.
IONDOS', Aug. 19. Undoubtedly In
spired by the Berlin Foreign Office Ger
man newspapers are propagating the
suggestion that the United States Is
taking the place of Great Britain as the
chief obstacle to peace and In ousting
the Central Powers from their place In
the world's trade.
With high approval the SorMevtKht
AUpcmtine Zeitung quotes the Vienna
press describing America's economic war
as a campaign atalnst the Teutonic
powers and the neutrals as well. This
semi-official Pfgan prints an article en
titled "American Militarism and an
American Peace." The paper says the
American campaign Is directed against
Europe as a whole.
. The Frankfurter Zeltung In a series
of articles appeals to England in her
own supposed self-Interest not to wait
until' America has robbed the European
.Japanese Jlob of 4,000 Attacks
Stores and Burns Houses
in Kofu.
Twenty Buildinprs Destroyed in
Hiroshima Government
to Seize Grain.
Ft He Atioclaled Press.
Tokio. Aug. 19. A mob of 4.000 per
sons attacked stores nnd set flro to many
houses In the city of Kofu. capital of the
prefecture of Yamashlnn, according to
sn offldal rtstement Issued to-day. The
statement follows :
Toklo, Kobe, Osaka and Nagoya
were quiet last night, but In the Ya
inashlna prefecture. In the city of
Kofu, 4,000 (persons attacked stores
and burned several houses. Three po
licemen, one soldier and thirteen
rioters were wounded.
Twenty. Iloaies Destroyed.
At Hiroshima mobs destroyed
twenty houses. Mobs also damaged
property In the Ulfu and Fukushlna
prefectures and In the suburbs of Shl
zuaku. Advices received from tile provinces
arc to the effect that the residences of
several millionaires have been burned
These reports say that the home of Sol
chlro Asaito, president of the Toyo
Steamship Company, has been damaged.
The Governor of Toklo In a mani
festo Issued yesterday urges the i Mddents
of the city to remain Indoors during
the night. The theatre" and the stores
and the leading thoroughfares of the
j city have been ordered closed as a pre
cautionary measute
An Imperial ordinance Issued author
izes the Government to requisition all
' stocks of rice. The rice will be put on
t the maiket
j I'll 1 1 ltrinrt l.ackliiH.
j Newspapers have been prohibited j
from printing lepoits of the piogress of
j the rice riots, and there Is an absence of
conrplete news from the provinces. A
statement Issued to-day by Minister of
the Interior Mlzunu say s the Governors
have assured the Ministry that the dis
orders are abating.
The organisation of proprietors and
editors ot newspapers has adopted a
resolution declaring that the prohibi
tion against news ot the riots is an un
precedented and arbitrary Interference
with the right of free speech as granted
by the constitution. They demand a can
cellation of the order The Constitu
tional rarty declares the order of the
Government Is hnrmful because It sup
presses news of a national social move
ment vitally affecting the people.
It Is the general Impression here that
the rice question lias become political.
Two Arrests in Attempt to
Destroy Recruits' Health.
Boston, Aug. 19 A concerted at
tempt by German agents to supply i-ol-dlers
In the various army cantonments
with 1 ealth and character wrecking
drugs has been discovered. Federal au
thorities here said to-night. Two m-n
Nathan Slmalovltch and Jacob Sc),u
nasky were taken Into custody at
Brockton to-day, and more arrests are
to follow, the officials announced.
Reports by surgeons In widely sepa
rated army ramps of n marked Increase
In the number of drug users among the
soldiers caused an Investigation to be
made. In which a private at Camp
Deven?, formerly a detective, was em
ployed. Accoidlng to the Federal authorities
the drugs were sold at surprisingly low
allies of all power to Influence a decision
for peace. The paper devotes more than
a column to extracts on the theme of
America's growing Influence In the war,
It continues :
"If the Central Powers and the En
tente had now to make a decision by
themselves both groups would be guided
by the consideration that It was time to
let diplomacy say a word ; but the En
glish and French are no longer Inde
pendent of Czar Wilson, who Is feeding
them and clothing them and sending
them money. Wilson Is the real ob
stacle to peace."
Special Cdblt Despatch to Tar Six.
Paris, Aug. 19. German papers an
nouncM a great oratorical offensive, with
a view to neutralizing the effects of re
cent speeches of Entente statesmen.
According to the Tageblatt of Berlin,
three German Ministers will shortly be
gin a tour of the country to "expose"
these speeches to the people.
Forays JIadc From Sea to
Switzerland to Learn
Foch's Plans.
Russia Only Source of Renewal
for Dwindling German
JIan Power.
Special Cable Despatch to Tar Srv.
(epyrijt.t, isit; all rigtts retmed.
Pasis, Aug. 19. That the Germans
are uneasy concerning Marshal Toch's
plans Is Indicated by the numerous raids
they are making all along the front from
the sea to Switzerland.
This Is In sharp contrast to the .tilled
tactics, which seem to bo to strike at
well defined points and to act generally
with a confidence that Indicates a lack
of concern about the enemy's general
p'ans. The Allies go on the principle,
In other words, that whatever the enemy
attempts they will be able to,checkmate
Proof that the Germans are steadily
losing ground Is wen In their official re
ports. They call these lo'ses "rectifica
tion" of the front," but on this side of
the line. It Is known that the "rectifica
tions" are always made under pressure.
Evidence, thst tile enemy's man power
continues to dwindle accumulates every
day. Mllltiry men here do not believe
that the deficiency can be made good by
additions from Austria. These critics
see only one source of new man power
supply for Germany, and that Is Russia.
If the Germans ate able to defeat the
pro-Ally forces now at work In Russia
nnd at the same time to gain the active
support of tho BoMievlkl the Kaiser's
ranks could easily be swelled by the
addition of several hundred thousand
Germans and Austrlnns constituting the
prisoner fones In Russia
Hundreds of Bicycles Are Be
ing Used.
London. Atig. 19 Estimates placed
the number of omnibus and street car
employees out on ttrlke to-day In In
don at I4.UUU. No omnibuses were op
erating In the metropolitan area. Sev
eral privately owned street car services
and a number of suburban municipal
services were suspended.
Although tho strike order affected a
large number of motormen and con
ductors of the London County Council
Street Car Service, which covers the
principal Industrlsl districts, reports In
dicated that many of the mn responded
to the request of the executive commit
tee not to strike and that service was
raid to have not been affected.
The public was greatly Inconvenienced
by the etilke Taxlcabs were unable to
supply the demand. The employees of
several munition factories because of the
absence of omnibuses were late In reach
lug their work. Hundreds of bicycles
were put Into use,
Although the Transport Workers Fed
eration has not declared a national
strike reports were received this after
noon by the local union officials Indi
cating that the street car and omnibus
employees at Bristol. Brighton, Folke
stone and other towns had stopped work
This afternoon the strike spread to one
of London's subwajs, s'xty girl attend
ants at one station walking out. Thev
declared their Intention to Induce other
women to strike.
New Artillery ('niiips .Vninril.
Washington, Aug. 19 New field ar
tillery camps lo be located near Stlth
ton, Ky and Fayeltevllle, N. C . were
named Camp Knox and Camp Bragg,
In honor ot Henry Knox, who was Com
mander In Chief of the army In 1TS3
and later Secretary of War, and Brax
ton Bragg, who was a Confederate Gen
eral after rendering valuable service
In the Mexican war
Advance Between Oise and
Aisne Beaches Depth
of Two Mites.
Prisoners Taken Since Sun
day by Allies Now
Total 2,876.
High Ground Occupied Threat
ens Germans With Deadly
Special Cable Despatch to Tits Si -Copyright,
W'. alt rlglits reserved
London. Aug. 10. AnntliPr iline
of the Rrnt linttle Hint has raped In
termittently since July 15 lin been
pfnrled by Mnrsluil Koch, who. relnln
Ins Hie Inltlntlve. lins struck n Mow
between the OKejiml the Alsnp. This
drive In connection with the opera
tions nrouml Ijisslgny nnd Xoyon
threaten the Gerimin Imltl on (he
The attack has been delivered nt a
vital point between the two rivers.
endiingerliiK the (Sermnns not only
around Xoyon but also tlielr holt! on
the line of the Aisne, en-t of Sots
son. Oen. Mimgiii. whose counter nltiuik
asnlnst the Germans between Sols
sons mill C'hntenn Thierry started the
Oermnn retreat from tho Marne, hit
advanced on a nine nillo front ex
tending from Fontenoy, west tif Sols
sons, almost to the Hue of the Olse.
north of Itlhecourl, for an average
depth of nearly two miles.
The high ground of Audlgnlcourt
Ridge, which Gon. Mangln captured,
alone with some 2,000 prisoners, en
ables his gunners to deliver a flanking
fire upon the Germans In both the Oue
and the Aisne regions. Tha possession
of Lasslgny massif now becomes of
rupremo Importance to the French,
and unless the unexpected happens th
retreat of the Germnns on a big scale
will take place without delay.
French nt l.nsslgny.
That the Trench Intend to Improve
their advantage is indicated by the
fact that Gen. Humbert's men have al
ready reached the edge of Lassigny.
The whole of Thiescourt Wood is now
In their hands, as Is the town of Plm
prcz, further to the south. This latter
village is on the Xoyon-Complegne
Northwest of Solssons the new French
line runs to the north of the village n'
Morsaln, just south of Audlgnlcourt.
wherr the French are in possession of
a wide strip of valuable high ground .
thence to Nampcel, where the line bends
back Mo the south slightly, then noitli
again to Plmprez, and Le Humel. north
of Itlbecourt. lu taking Le Hamel the
French advanced nearly two miles. In
these operations the French took 2,100
Gieat importaricc Is attached here to
the French ptogress between the Olse
and the Aisne. especially to the capture
of Audlgnlcourt Hldge, which is regarded
as tho key to the German pjsitloim oi
the Aisne.
Everything points to an Immediate
development of the.ie gains Marsha.
Koch's strategic plans seldom ate re
vealed before the Immediate objective
Is achieved, and that the French blow
was delivered at n vital point there Is
nu doubt
(iMliin Are I in iiortn n t.
The results of this success cannot lie
fully appreciated unless- taken in con
junction with tho allied advance west
of Laslgny and near Itoye The des
perate resistance offered by the Ger
man machine gunners shows how much
Importance the Germans attached to
this strip of ground.
With reference to the fighting In this
sector tho German olftclal report says
that "attacks by enemy forces between
the Olse and Aisne broke down w.th
heavy losses to the enemy." Tills obvi
ously emphssUes the desperate nature
of the German situation at home, and
shows the higher command's fear of
telling the truth. The Berlin War Of
fice, however, docs admit heavy fight
ing on this front.
Whllo the French to the south have
been active the British In the north have
been no less so. Their gains, however,
were made in the face of opposition,
wl Ich at some points melted away to
nothing. t'nder Ilrltlsn attacks and
German voluntary retirements the Ls
salient has almost disappeared. West
of Armentleres the enemy has retreated
over a front of nearly- six miles, leaving
Mervlll' In British possession. The Get
man rltlrements In this section have
been so pronounced that the bend wes'
ward In the German 1 ne betvecn Ypre.
and La Dussce has almost disappeared.
llr'.tl.li St cur h Bo jr.
Further south the Ilrltlsr have pushed
lo the edge of Boye. having captured the
railway station In the western outskirts
of that town. The British have taken
676 prisoners.
All along the line the German de.
fence is slowly crumbling under the

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