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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, August 20, 1918, Image 2

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French and-British attack and nil ob
servers believe there will b a,, German
retreat on n wide scale, probably to poel:
Hons far back ot wjat wan known na
the Hlndenburg' Hue.
'It la felt by military critics In the
allied capitals that the Germans would
retreat to these new positions Imme
diately, thus eavinic the lives or many
much needed sojdlers, except for the
fact that "they Jflcslre to move back as
much of their material as possible, and
the further fact that they tope to delay
the retrograde movement to the last
possible hour to let public opinion back
of the Hhlne adjust Itself to the losres
already Buffered before offering new
ones to be assimilated by a public that
la already saturated with defeat.
Varying Pressure Forces En
emy to Retire.
Kit tfce'Attoeiatrd Freie.
, With the British Aiutr in France,
Aug. 14. In response to pressure applied
first at one and thon at another part of
the line, the Germans opposite the Brit
ish on several portions of the front con
tinue to give ground.
Tho German trocfwi which have been
encountered- In the last few days, espe
cially during , the operations of last
night In which Outterstecn Iildgc was
captured and consolidated, teem to have
lost greatly In fighting einclcncy. Of
nearly seven hundred captured during
the Oulterstcen operation, many sur
rendered tamely, after securing .their
rations and personal belongings. t
There are Indications that the Ucr
mane also are giving way In parts of
tho, Merville sector. On the-new Somme
front tho Germans overlook no oppor
tunity to fight rear guard actions. They
appear ready to retire, but apparently
want to be pushed a little, because In
pushing operations they may be af
forded an opportunity to get In their
deadly work with machine guns.
At tho same time the Germans ap
parently do not want to fall back fur
ther than necessary before the comple
tion of the operations around Roye.
There are no slgtfs of further counter
attacks at this time.
That Gen. Ludcndorff Is displaying
anxiety regarding a possible shortage of
horses for the German army Is Indicated
In a secret order Just captured. Tilts
order cautions all commanders not to
jipend their horses, ng'"they cannot be
replaced. The men must understand
that this Is necessary In order to con
tinue the war until victory I reached."
It has been ascertained that 900 re
mounts recently received by one German
formation were composed of horses taken
from officers.
Germans at Noyon Have Nar
row Path for Flight.
By the Attodated Prett.
With tbb French Armt in France,
Aug. 13. In orilllant local operations
carried out by Gen. Mangtn's troops
from the Olso Hlver near HIbecourt
southeastward, to Morsaln, northwest of
Solssons, Saturday and Sunday Impor
tant positions were wrested from the
Germanswho left 2,200 prisoners In the
hands of the French.
Gen. Mangln now holds the line run
ning from Morsaln along the southern
edge of the ravine of Audlgnlcourt to
Jtosettc Heights, dominating the plain or
Carlepont, and thence on to Pimprez,
across the Olse. This success gives the
French command of the valley of the
Olse as far as Mont Hcnaud.
With these routes commanded by Gen.
Mangln's artillery, the only "free route
for exit from the region of NoypQ and'
Lassigny Is the .narrow gauge line- run
ning north to Ham by way of G'uUuarrt
nnd the highroad running In the same
direction. Unless the German fj.cnral
Hutler Is able to stop Mangln's advance
he will have-only this narrow outlet for
his troops and material, as the triangle
hctween the Noyon-Chauny road and the
road from Noyon to Gulscard, while a
rood position for defence, Is not favora
ble for an extensive movement of troops
and transport.
The Germans consequently are fight
ing desperately to hold their present
lines while seeking a chance to shake off
the grip of the Allies, break contact
with them and slip away.
Three Officers and Four Men
Washington, Aup. 19. Award of the
Distinguished service Cross to three of
ficers and four men for gallant conduct
at the front was announced to-day In
Oen. Pershing's report, for Sunday,
which follows:
"Headquarters American Expedition
ary Forces, August 18, 1918.
"Section A Asrdo from artillery ac
tivity and fruitless hostile raids In the
Vosges there Is nothing to report.
"Section It The commander In chief
has awarded Distinguished Service
Crosses to tho following members of the
American Expeditionary Forces for the
acts of gallantry set forth after their
names :
".Second Lieut. Carl C. Rice, machine
gun battalion, In command ot a ma
chine gun section on June 6, 1918, near
Chateau Thierry, France. He was
Wounded soon nfter the advance began,
but refused to have his wounds dressed
for fear it would delay the movement.'
He bravely continued to lead tho sec
tion until ho fell from exhaustion. His
home Is at Holla. Mo.
"Private Theodore Plstlcoudls, ma
chine gun battalion. When three In
fantrymen were hurled by a shell ex
plosion near Chateau Thierry June 6,
11, he fearlessly left shelter In
face of a heavy shelling and rescued
them. His home address Is 402 South
Hlxteenth street, Philadelphia.
"First Lieut. II. C. Moleeberry, En
elneers. In the vicinity of Le Thlolet
on the night of June 6-7, 1918, he cour
ageously took command jof and effici
ently directed the advance of an Infantry
unit when all of Its officers had been
killed or wounded. Ills home ! at Am
brldge. Pa.
"Private Jefferson Holt, medical de
tachment, Engineer, and Private
Charles Rafflngton, medical detachment,
Engineers. During the day and night of
June 2-3, 1918, they exposed themselves
to severe and continuous fire beyond call
of duty In order to bring aid to wounded
(Engineers and Marines. Holt's home Is
at Kent,, Tex. There Is no record of
Harrington's home address.
"First Lieut. Charles C. Rentfro, In
fantry, For three days, July is to 18,
1918, before St. Agnan, France, he went
without sleep. In order to care for the
wounded and performed his work fear
lessly -without shelter under continuous
bombardment. There Is no record of his
home address.
"Private George W. Holly, Infantry
On the night of June 23, 1918, near Bac
carat, France, he attempted to catch a
hand grenado thrown Into the window
if hl dugout by a German, and did suc
ceed In diverting It and thereby saving
from death or Injury a number of his
comrades, but In the effort lost moit of
m hand. His home Is at Madlsonville,
155 rr,lo wmmmmmmMmmmmimmmmmxmmA
i xjT"'s-;y.t7-si5yy.T. ft-?i mv '?.m wmmwm&m , I
1 B BillHill IIIJIPH .BBT BV ' it , I 1 AimJ'a.li.X. i .' t Ml i ... ' i I I!1 L . I Jl ' PI JT i i . I 1 r I 1
BRITISH xdvanckX
(CONTINUING his operations begun last Saturday, Marshal Foch
launched yesterday a new offensive between the Oise and the Alone
rivers on a nine mile front and penetrated the German lines for a
maximum depth of two miles. By this operation the French captured
several strategic positions which will be valuable in causing a further
German retreat. The advance of yesterday Is part of the welding opera-
Desire to Conserve Man Power 1
Reason for Retirements
in Flanders.
One of the foremoet military crttlrs of
Kurope. Sprctet Cabl' Dtitatch to Tns Str? ro.n Mi
Lotion Timet Serrict. I
CoptrljM. MM: alt riaMt retervti.
Ixjn-pon, Aug. 19. We have certain
facts to build on In connection with
the Oermans ln the west. We know
they have been defeated badly In re
cent battles and that they are running
short of man power. The rest Is merely
conjectural, and while our Inferences
may be more or less plausible they are
The enemy withdrawals .have been of
two kinds. Some of them were vol
untary and others were forced. The
former were In districts where his day
to day losses were greater than any
military advantage to be obtained from 1
retaining the positions, such as In the !
Ljs ."allent and across the Ancre. In
these rf'tlons the enemy was on lowj
.icrou- ' dominated by our guns. One ,
consideration, doubtless, was what It I
would cost to hold these positions all
winter under the noundlng of our ar- j
tlllery. Even the Kemmel height has .
been a costly possession for him.
His new positions near St. Klol and
Dlckebusch arc Invaluable to him. but
between them apd Festubert there will
In nil. probability' be a further straight- 1
enlng of the line before winter sets In.
Between the Ancre and the Olse his '
retirements were of another order. .Tb.ey J
were the direct consequence of his de
feats, and the slowness and obstinacy at i
his retirement are not so much due to a
desire to save ground as to a desire
to gain time for the removal of val
uable supplies, pur attacks In these
regions likewise "are not designed so
much to ground gaining as to making
the enemy's stay In this territory as
costly as possible.
Far too much has been written about
the strategic Importance of the Las
slngy plateau. Its occupation would
give us RoyV. and perhaps later Noyon,
hut after Belnj .driven back from Amiens
the enemy nc longer has a motive for
clinging to these heights except possi
bly a desire to effect a retirement In
his own time. It is to our Interest to
keep up the pressure, but these foot
hills no longer "aro the real centre of
the war.
The news that Gen. von Boehn has
been put In charge on this part of the
front means that henceforth It is not
Intended to be the direction for an
attack, but merely a hinge between the
western and routhern fronts or the Oer
man armies ln France. Ills instructions,
doubtless, are to hold Laon and to keep
this hinge working smoothly, and de
velopments, lr any nre to come from
the Oerman side, doubtless will be from
some other part of the front.
We may rest assured that Marshal
Foch's aim In the future, as In the Im
mediate past, will be to fight on ground
of his own rather than the enemy's
choosing. The brilliancy of his strategy
Is admitted, even by the enemy, and our
recent victories have been due to French
strategy and to Ilrltlsh tactics.
It was the superiority of our fire and
tactics, based on lessonB we learned
from defeats In the American war of
Independence, which won our battles
f- .n Napoleon, and this Is still the best
lirltlsh contribution to the art of war.
Take One of Key Positions to
Special Cabl Detpatrh to Tux Sr.x from the
London Timet Service.
Copyright, U1I; all rlghtt rtstnei,
With the French Armt, Aug. 1.
Except for a more or leas Intermittent
artillery bombardment there was a Sab
bath stillness over the front yesterday.
As a rule lately these temporary lulls
have been preludes to Inc-reartd activity
on a big scale.
The French continue to make satis
factory progress west of Roye, north
west of Laimlgny and west of the Olse.
The enemy resistance Is stubborn, indi
cating he has pulled himself together.
At the rame time there la, In my opinion,
a cnance ror a still further retreat In the
direction of Chaulnes and Noyon.
our advance toward Roye has brought
us to within a mile of that town, while
before Lassigny, besides repulsing a
Oerman attack at Plessler. we have
token Canny-sur-Matz and Lorcque
farm, the latter being one of the key
positions dominating the town.
Between Noyon and Hokums a mile
advance by the French has carried them
to the highest point on the plateau be
tween Autreches and Audlgnlcourt. In
this new position the French are nine
miles southeast f Noyon. or three miles
closer than on the northwest front.
The attack, which was a surprise,
while not a big affair, la the most Im
portant movement of Mangln's army
Ince his supplementary attack south of
the Alsne the first of August-
Where Marshal Fqch Links Tighter the Somme and Aisne Fronts
LONDON,' Aug. ia. The official statements of to-day on the fighting
on the western front follow:
FRENCH (NIGHT) Between the Mfttz and the Oise we con
tinued to make progress during the day. Our troops, in spito of
stubborn resistance by. the enemy, have captured Fresnieres and
reached the western outskirts of Lassigny.
Further south we have succeeded in debouching'from the Thies
court Wood.
On our right we have conquered Pimprcr and advanced up to the
southern outskirts of Dreslincourt.-
To the north of the Aisnc, completing our success between Carle
pont and Fontenoy, we have captured the village of Morsain.
The number of prisoners captured in this region since yesterday
has reached 2.200.
FRENCH (DAY) During the night there were violent artillery
actions north nnd south of the "Avre.
The number of prisoners counted in the region west of Roye yes
terday exceeds 400.
Last evening at 6 o'clock French troops attacked to rectify their
front between the Oise and the Aisne. The attack was over a front
of about fifteen kilometers from south of Carlepont to Fontenoy. We
have realized an advance over the whole line to an average of ap
proximately two kilometers.
We have occupied the plateau west of Nnmpcel, reached the south
edge of the ravine at Andignicourt and captured Nou'ron-VingTe;
seventeen hundred prisoners, including two battalion commanders, were
The night was calm on the rest of 'the fronf.
BRITISH (NIGHT) The enemy this morning strongly attacked
on a front of a mile against our positions between Lihons and Herle
ville. He succeeded in penetrating our line at two points, but was
immediately driven out by our counter attack and the situation was
completely restored. t
Many casualties werjB. inflicted on the enemy and a few prisoners
were captured.
Our-advance has continued in the Merville sector (Lys salient).
'Considerable progress has been made i on a front of 10,000 yards. We
reached the line of the road running through Merville from Paradis
to Les Purcsbecques and have entered Morville.
There was sharp fighting at different points in the course of our
advance and a number of prisoners and machine guns were captured.
The total prisoners captured yesterday in the neighborhood of
Outterstoen was 676, Including eighteen officers. Tho machine guns
and trench mortars captured by us have not yet been counted.
BRITISH (DAY) We took a few prisoners last night in the
Ayette sector and also south of the Scarpc, where our patrols entered
the enemy's trenches and penetrated some distance into his position.
North of the Scarpe a hostile raiding party was repulsed with
During the night our troops made progress in the Merville sector
in spite of the opposition of hostile machine gunners. They captured
between forty and fifty prisoners nnd a few machine guns.
Early in the night the enemy launched a counter attack against
our new positions b.etween Outterstcen and Meteren. The attack was
completely broken up by our artillery and machine gun fife.
The totarnumber of prisoners captured in yesterday's successful
operation in this sector is not yet available.
The hostile artillery has shown some activity south of the Somme
and has been active southwest and north of Bailleul.
GERMAN (NIGHT) Enemy attacks west of Chaulnes and north
of Roye failed. Throughout the day there has been a vigorous battle
between the Oise and the Aisne. French attacks made on n wide
front broke down with heavy losses. Temporary artillery activity
occurred on the sectors where fighting took place yesterday between
the Oise and the Aisnc.
GERMAN (DAY) Southwest of Bailleul British attacks were
launched between Meteren and Mcrris after very strong firing. They
were repulsed in our front battlo lines.
On both sides of the Lys there has been lively reconnoitring
activity on the part of the enemy. We pushed our lines forward in
local engagements north of the Ancre and captured prisoners.
Between the Ancre and the Oise there have been violent artillery
duels. In the early morning the enemy advanced" several times in
strong partial attacks.
South of the Somme an attack by Australian tToops against Herle
ville broko down. Northwest of Roye we delivered successful thrusts.
French attacks on both sides of the Amions-Roye road were every
where repulsed, somotimes by counter attack. Several tanks were shot
to pieces and some were put out of action by our Infantry with hnnd
grenades. In the same way immediately south of the Avre. enemy
assaults, several times renewed, broke down.
. .The enemy has penetrated into
We withdrew the troops fighting there to the eastern edge of the vit
lage. Northwest of Lassigny we beat off enemy partial attacks and
thrusts which several times were renewed. Our fire held down further
attempts to attack.
Between the Oise and the Aisne a strong artillery duel commented
ejirly in the afternoon. Toward evening the enemyn after the strongest
increase of firing; attacked between Carlepont and southwest of
Nouvron. Our front troops in o bitter struggle, which lasted many
hours held up the enemy's assault, which broke down everywhere be
fore our battle positions.
On the Vesle there have been minor infantry engagements on both
sides of Braisne with reviving artillery duels.
Kills Obserrer and Wounds Pilot
but Gets Machine Intaot.
Washington, Aug. 19. Capt. Charlea
J, Diddle of Andalusfa, PL, was the
American aviator who brought down a
Oerman airplane In the Lorraine, men
tioned In Oen. Pershing's official com
munique August 17. Additional details
are contained In section B of the com-
tions bringing the Somme and Alsne fronts into closer union and ef- of those of Uifbery, but they are divided
fectually seals the two against a German advance where the armies join, officially among nearly twloe that num
In the vicinity of Lassigny the allied forces continued to gain, reaching b,er of men- because on numerous occa
the outskirts of the village, and also captured Fresnieres, to the north. b'.n" "evcral nlerg "rt":Pltod ln a
f.Mi...ufcu vijtc,
the railroad station had been captured.
the western part of Beuvraigncs. i
mimliue for that day, made public to
day. It follows: "
Section B The following details of
the nerlal combat referred to In sec
tion A have been reported In Lor
raine: Capt. Blddle brought down a Itumplcr
machine northwest of Douxleres.aux
Dames at 6:40 o'clock In the afternoon
of August IS. The observer was killed
and tha pilot wounded, but the ma
chine landed Intact.
luiviuiiai icfiuris announcing mat
Continued rom First Page.
stating that Russia's position Is alarm
ing. "Russia's Intervention In the war Is
necessary. The removal of the Govern
ment to a safe place consequently has
been decided upon and Kronstarlt (the
fortress of Petrograd) has been chosen
as the seat of authority. All prepara
tions have been made to move the Gov
ernment offices there
TV. r.ttllH,. lit ft,.rllt, Af Adftlnl. Inffm
Russian Ambassador to Germany, after"
a stay of only one day at Moscow
puxillng the German papers. The Wrser
Zeitnnp of Bremen says that It Is unable
to understand n short stay at Moscow,
Inasmuch as ' Jofre had to report on a
supplementary treaty to the Brest- J
Lltovsk convention, which had been
I Initiated at Berlin by representatives of
Dom me jtussians ana oermans.
Capture of Kronstadt
Move to Dominate.
Special Cable Despatch fn The Sr.
I Cocvrioht. mi: all riahti renried.
1 I.ONDO.V. Aug. lJ.-German abandon-
I. j .. ,
mcnt of the Bolshevlkl and the Inaugu-
ration of a new policy designed to In-
. sure German domination of Itussia
either througlt-revolutiortavy echemes w
an anticipated, .conservative .xcactlon . is
Indicated by fragments" ofnen's' from
' Itussia '-'
' v flifiAn .... i
- ' ' Wtf I ' o - j i. 1 " i IV
reived of the reported rapturw of-Kron- try's request for better artillery protec-
stadt. but urli a move would be thclt0n
logical first step" toward tC occupation' '
Bolshevik collapse, but"" to "liiiet "the
menace to Cerman ambitions .arlshiK '' Frnnk Must Serve Prison
from the allied occupation of Archangel 'iVrm Cleinenrj- for Capt. Tiffany
nnd tllft threat nf the Kntinf frtr.M.B
I moving rintvn from thr. nnnh
Th. nrr.wr.,i.,ni .v.. o i ,
Milan confirm, ih. liu.uw , (M.
action on the part of Germany In a slg- ,a Frank at amP Si,erl?jf Al:, has
nlflcant article, which says: i been approved by President AMUon.
"The German Kaiser and his mllltarv Ue,ut' J1 convicted of making
advisers have decided to nbandon the ' " fraudulent claim against the Govern-
Bolshevlkl because they clearly see the!"""1 ,r V'0n . ,
rtnhii;h,n.ni f .v,. .in t i i President Wilson commuted the sen-
rtusala. As Germany Is not In position I !f.np'' .f jJ'"m.Sal ,mJK?.'d. "J" Capt
to transport men or supplies Into the In- !t.wn.rt n- Tiffany. 105th Infantry', for
terlor of Itussia she decided to abandon ' v'ola"nK quarantine order at Camp
Moscow and all other positions In Cen- stuar' Vl1- tn confinement at his post
tral rtussla, carrying her line of defence . for "lx months and forfeiture of J300
back lo Petrograd and along the railroad ! 1,1 ray'
to Rvanka, especially the two line June- 1
tlon In the direction of Vologda, thence DLIlt IDDIMCC rrri
southward toward Orkscla. This lino tlio ' rtHLtlrrlll CO t tLtLL.
Germans hope to hold while strengthen-! rACni CMP CUnDTArr
ing their occupation In the Baltic prov-! AjUJUCPIC. OttXJKl A tit
luces. '
"During the last three woekB Germany I Pricm Reaches S2 a
has suspended all financial relation wlln , Jteacnes 4 a Gallon,
the Lenlne Government; also the pub-' Hampering riant S.
llcntion of the Gorman caper n Moscow." i
The article adds that the antl-Bolshe- Manii-a. P. I., Aug. 19 The gasoleno
vlk movement Is becoming dally more shortage In the Philippines has become
active, with the German troops near the acute and It Is not for sale ln the Islands
border dally attacked by irregular bands except on contracts, which also are jcop
of armed terrorists. Companies of Bed , "rdlsed by delays In the arrival of nhlp
Guards are dally deserting- the Lenlne 'nenta from America, Tho price, when
standard, and everywhere there Is a ' obtainable, Is $1 to 2 a gallon. A crude
growth of sympathy for the Entente "" shortnKO also seriously affects manu
cause. ' factories. The Government Is Import-
There Is no doubt that the Brest-from Ht,n,f0 to continue the opera
Lltovsk treaty has crumbled nor that ,lon of th" Mnlla Gas Company, other
Germany Is adopting a new pollcv ',,ant" "ave I1""? down' ,
toward Ilussla Berlin realises the Bol". , M,ny l,rovlllclal automobile stage lines
shevlkt are no longer able to play Ger- 1 "ve suspended. The Dutch East Indian
manv's Bam, and th.t n,m; I '"PPb' 1 cut off. as the Poseidon, a ves-
take aggressive action.
Threat Shows Fear of Rupture
Vofe Denied.
Sg the Aetoclaled Prett.
Maprio, Aug. IS ( delayed ).-
ophlle newspapers, such as the ABC 1 ' , ? BUDmar,"(', l'J m" I ," Vl
dm rwi,n ,i - , , ' -'Blnla Capes Saturday noon. Her crew
rLnUnl T ,t "'V"'-'0"' ln ' of twenty-slx escaped I In small boats ".4
mentlng upon the note from Spain to have been brought Into an Atlantic port
Germany, tho text of which Is still un-, by an American warship,
known, publish articles reflecting a Advices to the Navy Department to
threat of civil war In caaa of a rupture i day announcing tho sinking did nor say
In relations with n.rw, Tf.i. i. ' whithr fh harl.- warn ,
aroused an energetic protest from the
press which Is friendly to the allies.
Although tho country preserves Its'
tranquility, the majority pf the news
papers publlsn alarmist articles and tho
International situation Is the universal
toplo of conversation at clubs and cafes.
Has Sebastian, Spnln, Aug. 18. For
eign Minister Dato yesterday issued a
denial to recent press reports that the
neutrality of Spain was threatened. Ilu
said the Cabinet "would suffer nothing',
to turn It asldefrom n pollcj" of neutrality.
"As to the famous Spanish note ad- " leamR ''ro'eus or j.ooo tons was
drewsed to Germany." the Minister con- HU"lt lalt nll"t ,n a collision with an
tlnued, "It Is Impossible to pubUih It, be-i0,,ler amshlp about thirty-four mllco
cause It does not exist." southwest of Diamond Shoals, off Cape
lie denied spam had sent a note to
Germany concerning the alleged torpe
doing of the Spanish steamer Serantes.
He said the sinking was due to a flro in'
the cargo ot petroleum.
.First Pursuit Group Report
Showi 58 Avintoijs Got
One to Five Each.
Campbell, Rickenbnclier, JIac-
Arthur and O'Neill Scored
I Flvo Apiece.
By the Anocialti Prtu.
With tkk amfricak Armv in
France. Aug. 19. Statistics covering die
activities of the first American puruit
group of aviators up to August 1. com
prising only four of the American squad
rons now In operation, show In a strik
ing way tho strides made by American
avlatorn since tho United Slates entered
the war. .
The figures show that no fewer than
flfty-el-jht aviators are officially credited
with downing 'anywhere from one to five
planes. Seventeen machines are cred
ited to the late Raoul Lufhery.
In actual numbers the. Oerman ma
chines downed total fifty-nine, exclusive
Tho aviators with five victories each
are Lleuts. Campbell. Rlckenbacher,
MacArthur and cyNelll. Those, wtth
fdur each aro Capt. Peterson and Lieut.
Melssner. Those with three each are
Lleuts. Mltchel, O. P. Porter, Slmonds,
Jones and Healy.
Fouiteen others have two victories
each, and thirty-two more. Including the
late Lieut. Qucntln Roosevelt, are cred
ited with one each.
These figures do not Include' the rec
ords of other Bquadrons, which have been
even more successful.
French Shoot Down Two on
Macedonian Front.
London, Aug. 19. Bad flying weather
"Prided aerial operations on the west-
Isiern front yesterday and only nine Ger-
man machines were reported destroyed.
the British bagging six and the French
three. Each also brought down a cap.
the balloon. In addition allied airmen
continued their bombing of German post
tlofts behind the battle lines, dropping
twenty-four tons of bombs.
There has been new aerial fighting on
the Macedonian front, where the French
report that two enemy machines were
brought down.
Two Austrian documents captured on
the Austro-Itallan battle front show the
extraordinary mastery the Entente
Allies have obtained over the enemy In
aerial warfare. The first enJolns"greater
, protection for the ammunition dumps
I and emplacements against aerial obser
; vatlon by more cfflcIeiU camouflaging
I md loos military order. Tho second
um'nt. which Is from a Colonel com-
mandlng an artillery unit, seeks to ex-
1 the impossibility of systematic
effective destruction of the Entente
;'lld artillery. This Indicates that the
TO J8" " aerlaI obserV
I Th, AuRtrl&n officer complains of the
1 Inferiority of his batteries In number
and power, and says the restriction m
'the supply of ammunition has rendered
I If mnAss Ma ts-v AAmn ( rv-1 f 1 a nfan.
t Wahiiington, Aug. 19 Sentence of
' oipmissni irom ine army ann nvr years
I Imprisonment at hard labor Imposed
i by court-martial upon First Lieut. Mllo
"$ed for tht w recently
crnment and Its release Is now refused.
The Importers assert that no other
vessel Is obtainable.
A Uncle Off Vtrslnln Capes
Crew Saved.
WabhinqtON. Aug. 19. The Norwe
gian bark Nordhav was sunk by a Oer-
Bhelled. She was a vessel of 2.623 net
tons and sailed on June IS from Buenos
Ayrea. Capt. Bernstein waa master of
the bark.
Crew Rescued Off Halter as
by Other Vessel.
i Washington, Aug, 19. -The merchant
llatteras, .V. C, tha . Navy Department
wan iniormea iu-aay.
The other vessel, which was not seri
ously damaged, stood by and rescued
the crew of the Proteus.
Thievina Is Rampant Iron
workers Drink Champagne,
Bixn-k, Aug. 10. Public Insecurity Is
greatly Increased In Vienna because of
the war, according to' a traveller Just re
turned here from the Austrian capital
Thefta are reported every, night, the
thieves being enpeclally anxious to ob
tain clothes, the price of which has risen
A decent suit for a man costs from
1.500 to 200 crowns (tSOO to $400 un
der normal exchange). Shoes are worth
300 crowns ($60) and e pound of bread,
bought secretly without 'ft bread card.
costs from 12 to 15 crowns (12.60 to S3).
On the other hand, the "ordinary
worker Is earning- 'from 400 to COO
crowns ($80 to $100) a week, arid often
more. An a result ordinary Ironworkera
and coal' carriers drink champagne at
fashionable bars. Coopers are greatly
needed In view of the excellent harvests
In the wine district. Hungarian vine
yard owners are offering master coopers
80,000 crowns ($16,050) a year.
Washington, Aug. 1$. Three meat
less days a week have been ordered by
the municipal authorities In Vienna, ac
cording to an official despatch to-day
from Switzerland. The .Austrian capital
Is reported to be threatened with com
plete exhaustion of Its meat supply.
Continued from First Page.
been operating recently aro described ln
official circles as of the cruiser type, alm-
lar to the modern 'submarines of other
navies. They have 'a cruising radius of
17,000 miles and carry two guns of
about 5.S Inch calibre. They are no
more supers ubmarlnes than the latest
American submarines' .are supermibma
rlnes. American naval officers .cellmate the
number of German submarines now In
operation In all parts of the world at be
tween 1C0 and 180. More than 200 have
already been destroyed since the begin
ning of the war, according to the same
source, and they aay that the work being
done by our navy would make enjpyable
reading If all the details could be made
Coast Patrol' Worn.
First we are patrolling the coast from
'Newfoundland down past tho Gulf of
Mexico and guarding every area where
military necessity dictates. U-boats
must not be allowed along the trans
port lanes. These areas are. therefore
swept clear of the undersea pirates by
the navy, and there Is not a case In
which a. transport outward bound has
been successfuly attacked.
Scores and scores of vessels- leave for
Europe almost dally and German U-boats
are unable to molest them or even retard
their progress. This is not because' the
Oermans do not know they are going or
because the U-boat commanders would
not like to strike at them, but It le be
cause the navy guards this flow off
vitally Important shipping so effectively
that the submarines are not a factor,
though they of course continue to consti
tute a menace.
The navy's line of patrol esaels
stretches virtually from Newfoundland
to the Gulf of Mexico, and even when
U-boats slip by the navy somehow gen
erallyVJjnows of It In time to warn ship
ping and guard all Important lanes.
The' prdtectlon of -the 'Important lanea
leading from the Gulf of Mexico Is ot
eeurse very Important' because of the
oil supplies which come" through there.
and'Germany Is well aware of this. But
here rt-rs' of military' Importance not-to
permit the U-boats-to lurk, and there
fore they are not heard from In these
waters. - ...
Guarding Coast-With Plnnon;
The establishment of aviation stations
at points' along the coast with continual
equipment of these stations with air
craft, the arming of strategic uolnts
-with' guns and a hundred and one other
protective measures taken along the
coast all form part of the gigantic task
which the navy la doing on this side
On the other side, where the real war
Is being fought, the work being done by
our navy is growing steadily In Impor
tance. We have naval craft of practi
cally every description operating ln Eu
ropean waters now. Including a number
of battleships, mine layers and other
vessels. There waa much said at the
time the navy sent six swift destroyers
to cooperate ugainst the U-boats In the
war rone. We have sent moro than ten
times that number now,
A year or so ago there were heard
promises of several score of subma
rine chasers from the United States.
Now It Is a safe guesa that there are
more than a hundred ln actual operation
and Incidentally we have turned over a
considerable number of additional sub
marine chasers of France.
The American navy is also participat
ing In mining operations In the war zone
on a scale of stupendous magnitude. It
is estimated that there will be one mod
ern destroyer produced by tho United
States every two or three days by tho
end of this month. The naval building
harvest Is beginning to develop quantity
Former Vrrmont Hxecutl vet lilt liy
Traln When MutorliiR.
Hit Ritimonvr n.iaK... A.. in
, . . H t .' .- -
(norre MrhArf T r . . , . . fnv,nAn .
of Vermont, waa Instantly killed near
Wotervlllc to-day when a Grand Trunk
train struck the automobile In which he
waa riding. A heavy fog obscured the
aiii ai it graue crossing, tub chauf
feur, J, I). Blay, did not kifow of Its ap-
prouch until the eni-lnn wau n,m., 4t.A
machine. H sustained a concussion of
the brain, and was removed to a local
Mr. Prouty was on his way from New
port. Vts, his home, to the Mooscheud
I .n r.tlnn ftrr.i.n.l Inl.....
- 1 1 ' u Mi nouil, .M t', HP
was motorlnifowr to Lcnoxvllle to tnl:o
n train there when the accident oc
curred. Mr PrOUfv w.1 hnm i x- .
March, i, 18R2. He went to the Newport '
& Striuton Business College In Boston.
no "jai-uuuaitarrom Mlddlebury
College nnd the Norwich and Vermont
universities, receiving the degree of
LU I) from each. He entered politics and
served in both the House of Ilepresenta
uvea and thn KtntA .
and afterwards was made Water Com-
"i iau(-B ne was Lieutenant
Governor of Vtrnnnl o.j ... .
1910 he was Governor. He was tn the
lumber tiialn i. .. . .
. . ; M.i'guutmi anu DC- I
longed to the Conregatlonallst Church. '
..... I.... ,.j Henrietta Alien of I
Itockvllle, Conn., in 1800,
Itec-elvrr for Cieannll Coniii.in, .
Hdnard J. Hlnch waa ob.-.i...
- ttti till
pointed receiver of the
of the CI fa nail Company, pending a suit
ford, one of the owners of the business
against ner partner, Walter B. Kauff, 1
nann. The business was established at
!37 West Thlrtr-elghth. strcat a e. .
German, nnd Austrian Trinccs
Selected, for Tolnnd, Pin-land-find
"S61utlon of ToxpiI Intcrnnf
Questions Greeted Coldly
'.by tho Press.-
Xpeciat Cahlt petpatch tn Tut. Sric.
Copyright, mi; all rlghte retrrxel
London, Aug. 19. One outcome of thf
conference of the two Teutonic omperou
at general headquarters, according to
despatches from Holland and Swltzer.
land, ia that Polind, Finland and Utho.
anla nre to have German or Austrjin
kings. It Is understood the AretidtiiM
Charles Stephan Is to occupy the Wir.
law throne, whllo the Lithuanian Vint
Is to bo a Wurttemberg prince and Flrj
land'a a Mecklenburg highness, rolinl
will be declared to be an Independent
There Is no question of Oallcla belr.e
united to this mockery of a Poland The
new kingdom Is to have particularly
close relations with Germany, accordlnr
to tho Frankfurter Zeltwtp, which con.
sjders tho Polish question closed at far
as Germany la concerned.
That the "solution" will profoundly
Irritate the majority of Poles tn Austria'
who had Insisted that with Oallcla added
the country should be turned Into n
autonomous atato and Included In the
dusl monarchy, ithere Is no doubt. Th
Poles had thus hoped to end the Polish
agitation In Austria, but Germany Mm.
ply vetoed her ally's wish by reminding
her that It was German soldiers and not
Austrian who conquered Poland nnd that
therefore Austria really had no say in
tho matter.
Poland to Be IlnfTer State.
Tho "solution" adopted means that
once more Germany has carried hr
point, which Is to havo, a divided, rtalt
Poland at her Bide to act as a builtr
state between herself and Russia, Th
choice of the Archduke Stephan iroull
most likely satisfy the Polish nobility,
whatever the people of the country
niUht think of him. His selection la un
doubtedly Intended to soothe Austria for
her failure to realize an Austrian aolu.
tlon of the problem.
Stephan Is -the only Austrian archdukt
who speaks Polish. He lives on a great
estate at Saybusch In Gallcla, a town. of
2.000 Inhabitant
The town can claim the distinction of
having maintained Its veto agaln.it Jcva.
No Jew Is allowed to live there, either
as the owner jr renter . property. Thla
can hardly be regarded as a happy
augury for Stephan, for Poland h.is a
large Jewish population.
Tie German press as a whole 1 terr
cool toward the whole farcical scheme
The Cologne Gazette taya Germany ha
not had much satisfaction from Poland
In the past, and Is not likely to Iue
muoh In the -future. Voru-aerf j Is mlldlr
sarcastic about the promised Independ
ence while the I.oknl-Antelgrr lem.rdi
the Poles of their rlast IngTatitud.
toward Germany and regrets thit t
majority of Poles aro against their west
ern benefactor. It has' very eer!ou
doubts ns to how the Gallclan Poles i"
regard the settlement, and rather sus
pects they will demand union with tite r
Tfrvr Peace Offensive
According to official statement (rom
headquarters the two Emperors also d:r-
cussed the. subject of peaoe, therelv
opening what for soma time has been
universally expected as a peare befn-
Chrlatmas .offensive. Tre coming te.ire
offensive may differ In some ways from
preceding "ones In that It Is likely to !
directed less to the Allies tlmn t- 'V
German people.
It. will explain to thp Genua t. '
they must, .continue lo fight lie. ;ui?e "
Allies are so bloodthirsty that the- i.nt
to cat Germany, Austria. Turke i.
Bulgaria alive. If the noscp offel''
ennnot -force the Allies tn yeek an end
to hostilities it Is at lean expei ted
prove to the Germans In tie tren i
and at home that Germany l no h-tip-responsible
for a continuation nf t'
conflict, but must flcJit those hn a '
so wicked as to wish to annihilate re
in a characteristic article the Slut'
gart TnjjeMaft gives currency to nnvo-
that the German Eoldlcra at t'- '' "'
are exhausted : that tl ey arc demn
peace: that the civilian populatlm.
also clamoring for the return o'
soldiers from the front, saying H do
not matter whether Germany. l ucM1 1
or France obtains the upper IihikI ' "
the people are allowed once ni"re i.. .
Joy liberty and tranquillity
The paper adds thnt GHrnunv
never so unhappy as now. v'-r
ternal front Is collapsing, and t ' a
guilty parties are those to nf! ""'
that a decisive Oerman vhton '
tain. Should the depression cont.r ie
adds, the army will lose hope and
many will be lost.
Ilrldrlrna Ilrldrstroom In 1 nlfnrtn
Goes to Kort Slornni.
Special Detpatch to Tni S
Boston, Aug. Id. Kduai.l
French, the brldelets brldegt" i
candidate for the Tank r'nrp
started for Fort Hlocum In tv r i
r. n
of the United Stntes Arm
With fifteen otter recruits ile
for various branches nf the f
young French marched from tin
recruiting station to the South S'
and started on the 1 P M trait
Kort Slocum.
Aviation Ntndrnt Drowird.
Hociikster, Aug. 19. Prl.it" ' "
Meng, an aviation student uf " '
Field, was drowned to-diy whtlc
Ing In the Genesee Ttlvcr w.rli i" ' f
student when the canoe npnt v '
companion was rescued. The ' '
$100 Bonds
If you have on hand lnufllnra
money to buy a 1 1.(100 bond J"
need not wnit until you ha"'
saved the whole ll.OOO.
Vou may buy a tlOO bond a'
once. You may buy another si'1"
bond when you have saved "'
more. And so on.
All the time, you may recti1
Intvrctt on your money (treat''
than you ,oulil rrcclwt from
Send for UnoMn' C-r
"tlt)0 llouiU
John Muir S Q,
Odd Lots
Main Ofltrc, lit Itrnad'tay.
Mad. Av. A '.M Pt ll'.itlit A '
nflth Ht. & Mad Av Ifll'iuirtSt llkl"
lOJW.MUt M1U linivl. S-a-k
IVith St. k Uikii Ai .
months ago. j

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