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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, September 09, 1918, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST.
Rain to-day; to-morrow fair and warmer;
moderate northwest to north winds.
Highest tirniperaturp jfeatertiay, 63; lowest, 56;
DeUilsd wtathr report on last pg.
IT SHINES FOPv ALL
VOL. LXXXVL NO. 9.
NEW YORK, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER (9, 1918. oowhom, mi. ) mm prmuno ana puhum a..ocioi..
PRICE TWO GENTS.
ALLIED ARMIES CLOSING IN ON ST. QUENTIN;
FRENCH RE A CH EDGE OF ST. GOBAIN FOREST;
BAKER, Jt YAN, GORGAS AND HINES IN FRANCE
"f
"1
?-
7
U. S. ANNOMCES
PRIORITY UST
OF INDUSTRIES
I
First Foiir Classes Have Not
Complete Eino of
Cleavage.
LOWER PRICES .PREDICTED
Individual Plants May Got
Special Sating 'Above
Their Division.
Special Despatch to The Sck.
Washington, Sept. 8. The "War In
dustries Board made public to-day a
detailed list of preferred'' Industries
which will be regarded by the draft
boards as necessary to the military
establishment or national welfaro and
therefore will form tho basis for de
ferred classification for those neces
sary to the upkeep of these Industries.
The essential industries are grouped
In the order of their Importance Into
Jour classes. Chairman 'Bernard M.
IJaruch of the War Industries Board
nnd Edwro B. Parker. Priorities Com
missioner, have scheduled tho indus
tries In jrroups according to the rela
tive importance they bear toward
helping win tho war. Great care artd
much time and study have been taken
in making up the groups.
In class 1 arc plants upon which the
military f rcos directly depend for the
prosecution of military operations and
tlia disturbance of these plants Is Im
probable at any time, for upon their
continuance depends tho work at the
battle front. Classes 2, J and 4 are re
rnrded aa essential, but In the -event of
the nation being -later pressed to exert
Its maximum man power under great
strain class t would bo lnvaded'ln ad-inu-o
of clots 3.
Presentation of Claim.
Men who form a necessary part of the
Hi furred Industries are expected either
tii claim deferred classification or have
their employ vs claim It for them. It Is
planned to have a representative of the
Provost General's office, a representative
of tlio War Industries Board and a rep
resentative of 'the War Labor Board
tako care of the Government's Interest
in the district board.
limployers In the preferred Industries
probably will be asked to make out lists
of men regarded by them as essential to
the upkeep of the Industry and to for
wnrd thoists. to these Government m
rescnta'tlvejj. The lists, when approved,
will be then sent to the local boards ond
" will serve as a guide In classifying
nslstrants employed lu these Industries.
The man employed in a preferred In
dustry 'may make his claim for de
ferred classification on the ground that
lie Is a necessary part of a preferred In
dustry nnd have thlB clnlm supported
by an affidavit from his employer. Tho
list forwarded by tho Government rep
resentatives will serve then to check up
on the claims for deferred classification
made by the Individuals and simplify tho
work of the boards in classifying the
men.
Tho preferred In ' islries Included in
the four classes nre r s follows :
CLASS UXK.
Plants principally engaged In produc
ing aircraft, supplies and equipment,
rnimunition for the United States nnd
1 ,c Allies, ordnance nnd small arirx for
the Unltod States and the Allies, cheml
rals for explosives, ammunition and air
craft used In chemical warfare, metal
lurgical coke and by-products. Includ
ing toluol, explosive for military pur-pi-se,
feed for livestock and poultry,
, food, Including Cereals and cereal prod
ucts, meats. Including poultry, fish,
vegetables, fruit, sugar, syrups, glucose,
butter, eggs, cheeee, milk and cream.
Itrd, lard compounds, oleomargarine and
other substitutes for butter or lard,
vegetable oil, beans, salt, coffee, baking
jiowder. soda and yeast, and ammonia
fov refrigeration, fungicides, oil and
natural gaB for fuel or mechanical pur
roses (Including pipe lines and pumping
rtatlons) toluol (gas "plants), ships,
other than pleasure craft or vessels tint
built for the Unltod States or tho Allien
or under license nf the Shipping UoarJ;
rteel plants, plants producing solely
r.teel Ingots nnd castings by the various
processes; domestlo consumers of fuel
and electric energy for residential con
lumptlon, including homes, apartmen'
It uses, residential flats, restaurants and
l.otels; coal mines, arsenals, canton
l"(.rts nnd camps of tho army and navy
snVrts. r.iilways operated by the Um.-il
Stales Ilallroad Administration, malnte-
and operation oi snips, excluding
j caiiro craft, not common carriers and
r.iuln'enance of public buildings used ns
j.ospltn'.a ot sanitarium.
CLABS TWO.
Plants principally engaged in produc
ing locomotive or travelling cranes,
rolling and drawing coppor, brass and
other comjer alloys, coko not otherwise
y classified and listed, ferro alloys, ma
chine tools' and wire rope, blast furnaces
producing pig Iron, steel rail mills (pro
duclng rails over fifty pounds a yard),
i construction work of tho war or navy
departments In embarkation ports, har
bors, fortifications, flood protection.
, operations, docks, lock, channels, Inland
waterways and In maintenance and re
pair of same, mines producing metals
nnd ferro alloy minerals, street rail
ways, electric lighting and power com-
Cond'tiunl on t'i)th I'age.
CZECHS SEIZE
2,000 MILES OF.
SIBERIAN ROAD
Chance for Allies to Get In-
to Russia's Heart; 600
Mies From Pctrograd.
TAKE IMPORTANT POINTS
Japanese Troops Cooperate in
Inflicting Defeats on Bol
shevik Forces.
By the Associated Press, .
Vuuiivostok, Thursday, Sept. G (de
layed). The Japanese military stair
has been Informed that tho Czecho-Slo-vaks
hold the railway from OU.vyanna
to Penza.
Olovyanna is in Transbaikalia, about
400 mlls east of Lake Baikal. iillc
Penza Is on the railroad, a little more
than COO miles southeast of Petrograd.
".The distance between Olovyanna and
Penza Is nearly z.ooo mues.
' It is now apparent that the unex
pected climax In the Czecho-SlovaK
break through was due partly to the
allied advance toward Khabarovsk,
which caused the transfer of a largo
Bolshevik force from Lake Baikal to
ward Khabarovsk and the weakened
front collapsed under the Czech pres
sure from the' west and Gen. Semcnoff's
Dressure from the cast.
The opportunity Is now presented of
the Allies taking advantage of the stra
tegical points in the hands of the Czechs
to move Into, the heart of Russia, where
considerably reenforcements from loyal
Russian klcments are certain, ana exriK
Ing a stunning blow at Germany. It la
necessary, however to move quickly for
It Is believed O v. any will make the
greatest saert" .-!;"' to hold conquered
Russian territory.
Japanese Help Take Imon.
Tokio, Sept. 2 (delayed). The War
Office to-day Issued the following official
communication :
Our cavalry, consisting of the main
force of tho Twelfth Regiment, one
company of Infantry and a detach
ment from the Cossack Gen. ICalml
nofTs troops occuplod Iman August
.10, nnd from there August 31 ad
vanced toward Blkln. Tno main
strength of the Twelfth Dlvlelon re
mained September 1 In tho vicinity of
the Ussurl, preparing for an advance
on Iman. The railway bridge has
been definitely taken by our Infantry.
The retreating enemy In obstruct
ing our advance by destroying bridges
and with armored trains. The enemy
,who destroyed the railway bridge at
the southern extremity of Iman at
midnight ofr August 28 was captured
by our cavalry. South of Slmakoc
the .lino was opened to traffic Au
gust 31.
Our detachment despatched toward
Ablgald, five miles southeast of Man
churia City, encountered "enemy cav
alry numbering 100. August 30, at a
point eight kilometers eouthwest of
Ablgald, and attacked and dispersed
them. We had no casualties.
On the occasion of our north Mnr
churla detachment passing over the
Bast China Railway, the Chinese
troops officials and people enthusias
tically welcomed them, for which honor
the chief of the General Staff, Baron
Uyehara, telegraphically thanked tho
Chinese War Minister, Tuan Che Kuei,
August 23. Tuan's reply was received
August 31. It said:
"It Is only natural and proper to
extend a welcome to your troops as
those of our friendliest neighbor
whenever they pass our territory. We
hardly deserve your appreciation,
which, however, you have been good
enough to send us. Your Kind mes
sage has now been conveyed to the
local authorities."
PemenolT Win Victories.
It Is seml-offlclally announced that on
August 23 a part of Gen. Semcnoff's
army occupied Hndabrak and that an
other' occupied Chlndatsknya. The main
forco, concentrating at BoIJa, took 100
prlsonors nnd two machine guns and
large quantities of war stores. Including
motor cars.
The Czechs, who had been concentrat
ing north of Manchuria, observing that
Gen. Remenoff wis advancing, decided
to enter Zablkal nnd It Is oxpected that
they will soon commence a movement.
Detachments of tho Czechs already have
entered Manchull.
AMERICANS RAID IN ALSACE.
Penetrate Deeply Into Ilnciny
Llnes Inflict Casnaltlea,
By l.f Associated Press.
With the a mkihcan AnUT in Francis,
Sept. 7 (delayed). The American troops
In Alsaci- to-day In a raid penetrated
deeply It the German trenches and
Inflicted bu ire casualties on the Ger
mans. The raid was mado after heavy
artillery preparation ot twenty minutes.
The Germans this morning attempted
a raid In forco In the. Woevre region.
They sent over n contingent of 100 men
at Fllrey and Limey, but were driven
off after one man had been killed' and
several wounded. One American who
had been dragged off a prisoner later
froed himself from the enemy and re
turned to the American line.
At another point a patrol had a lively
skirmish with the enemy,
HITCHCOCK WALKED 100
MILES, ELUDING GERMANS
Westbury Aviator Describes Tramp to Switzerland
After Escaping From Sleepy Guard Travelled
Nights and Steered by Compass.
By the Associated farttt.
Pabib, Sept. 8. Lieut Thomas Hitch
cock, Jr., of Westbury, L. I., tho youth
ful member of tho Lafayette Flying
Corps, who was captured by the Germans
some tlmo ago, but recently made his
escape and reached Switzerland August
28, to-day gave a description of his
experiences while n captive, and of hla
flight to neutral territory, which was
accomplished through evading his guards
while on board a ,traln.
Hitchcock was 'orced to walk more
than a hundred miles. This he did In
eight consecutive nights, guiding himself
by a small pocket compass. He reached
Berne August 30.
Hitchcock was capturod March 8, when
he was forced to land after an aerial
combat with three German machines.
He was wounded In the thigh and his
machlno became disabled at an altitude
of 1,000 meters. Notwithstanding his
wound and the condition of his plane he
brought the machlno In safety to land
Inside tho German line. He was Imme
diately seized by several Germans and
taken to a dressing station. From there
ho was sent to a hospital at St Arnold.
Later he was transferred to Saarbrucken.
It took two months for the wound In his
leg to heal.
Escaped From Doilnft" Guard.
"After landing Inside the German
lines," said Hitchcock, "I fainted
twice. Tho second time I did not come
to my senses until I had reached the
dressing station. In tho hospital I re
ceived fair treatment only. There was
one doctor for the 1E0 patients and
the food wns not very good. The food
from France helped me greatly.
"I effected my escape while being
transported, with two other Americans,
from Lachfeld to Rastadt. There was
one German guard for the three of us.
Wo were watching our chances for
escape. While tho train stopped at- a
station near Ulm the guard fell into a
doze. I snatched the railway map,
SENATOR LEWIS
ON MT. VERNON
Escaped Unhnrt When Ship
Was Torpedoed With Loss
of 35 Lives.
Special Despatch to Tnr Se.
Wasijinoton, Sept. S. Senator James
Hamilton Lewis (111.) was among the
passengers on tho returning troop trans
port Mount Vernon, formerly the Kron
prlnzessln Ceclllc, torpedoed but not
sunk by a German submarine. Vice
Admiral Sims has cabled that tho ship
has returned to a French port.
Senator Lewis, It appears, was not
Injured nor were the other passengers,
but thlrty-flvo firemen were killed
by tho cxpfoslon of tho torpedo, Ad
miral Sims reports. The rest of tho crew
and all the passengers are safely landed.
Senator Lewis was returning from a
tour of the all.fd capitals and had also
visited tho battle fronts. He went
abroad, uo-ordlng to his own sUtemcnts,
on a sort of semi-official m'sslon of
courtesy and good will.
Damage Not t ully Iteported.
No reports aic uvallable ns to how
seriously the .Mount Vernon Is dam
aged or how long It will tako to repair
her. It U believed here that If a place
can be made fohcr In dry dock speedy
work may put ner uacK tn me service in
record breaking time. The fact that
sho was one of the fastest troop trans
ports will nuke It Important to repair
her with tho least possible delay.
Tho cablegram from Admiral Sims
pays the torpedo Btruck the vessel on
her starboard Bldo, Hooding tho ciijlno
room. Tho attack occurred 200 miles
off shore on Thursday, September t. Tho
fact that Capt. David V. Sellers, U. H.
N her commander, was able to get her
buck to port at a rate of fourteen knots
an hour Is tegarded In naval circle.- as
an unusQal accomplishment In view of
tho damage sho must have sustained
from tho torpedo.
Names of Victims.
The following are the names of the
victims:
AKMITAGE. A. 13, Montrone, Col.
HBAUCIIA.Ml'. II. It., Wllllmamett, Mass.
IIK11UHMANN, 1". J.. Madison, Wis.
HUDKK, II, K. O., Webnter, Ms,
HUIIKIC, It. II., Auburn, Me.
11UHNS. M. I'., K.mt Jlontnn.
CAItVKIt. It. J., I'oplarvlllo, Mist.
CIIA33THUB, J. 13.. Heer, Ohio.
CROCKETT, l". 11., luven. Va.
DUKl:n, a 11., Ilenileraonvillo, N. C.
XIjVNN, W. IN. Cambridge, Mass.
FIIYB. I). II.. Conway, U. C.
CiltEEN, U. II., Minneapolis.
HAii:rt. U, ll., Memphis, Tenn.
IIAI.KDltll, J. T., Hartford, Conn.
11AN'UCK, V.. Itenton, Wash,
HAKIiY. I.AMIIHBTJI. Sarenla, Miss.
HEAT. IlEItT, San Mtrnardlno, Cal,
HEATH, LRON Hinckley, Minn.
HUKi'MAN, K. II.. Newberry, Ind.
KINC1I, V. J.. M East Twenty-seventh
t., 1'aterKon, N. ,1.
I.AKAIltlUK, LOUIS. Vallejo, Cal.
HINKAU, C. J., Korhratrr. K, Y.
llOHSi:, A, W. Manchester, N. II,
MUMM. HAUVKY, Leesburg, Tex.
Kl ritSON, A. C, Cattarnugus, .V. V.
rt.EW, II. C. Malnge, Wash.
IUVEIIR, y. McIC. lluens. Vlstn, Ohio.
SAt'IAN. O. J., Philadelphia.
I'l'ITZ. V. II., 171 Forty-second at.,
Ilrooklyn.
SI'EAHH, HUnnArtrj, n-nnotsvllle. 8. c.
TALI.V, M., ndrtreas not Kl v "
TKUHKl.t, DANH'.I, St .!. , Mn
i,., riinyon unv. um
II,, Miirlburuusli, N, V.
r A 'Y. I
which was near him, and also my
money. We were not allowed to handle
our money.
"Presently the guard awoke and
missed the map and money, picking
up quickly my package ot food, which
had been saved from my rations, but
leaving the map behind, I rushed out
of the door opposite and ran aa fast
as possible awny from the railroad
track. The guard yelled after me, but
I knew that he could not follow me
because of the two other prisoners he
had in charge.
Hid In the Daytime.
"I then slowed down and began to
walk toward the frontier. During the
daytime I always hid in- the woods, and
at night I evaded towns and villages,
walking around them. I was always on
a close watch for tho Germans, for I was
In the uniform of a French aviator.
Most of the territory I traversed was
farming land, with the people working
during the day. When they left the
fields In the evening I would resume my
tramp.
"I made excellent progress, except now
and then when I encountered marshes,
fences and hedges. I slept during the
daytime, after having made suro of the
safety of my hiding place.
"Arriving at what I thought was the
Swiss frontier, I watched for troops,
electrically charged wires and automatic
signals. Apparently I evaded all of
them.
"One morning I felt sure that I was In
Switzerland, but before inquiring I added
a few extra miles to my tramp and
found myself In a little village. There
I asked a girl, who spoke French, where
I was. She said I was in Switzerland,
and then I knew I was safe, and set out
for Berne, where I reported at the
American Legation."
Hitchcock will leave for the United
States In about two weeks. Ho Intends
to transfer from tho French to the
American flying corps.
BAN ON BREWING
AMAZES BRITISH
They Sec Striking Contrast in
Saving of Grain to Aid
the Allies.
Special Cable Despatch to Tut ScK
Copyrioht, HIS: all ritjhlt reiened.
Io.doj, Sept. S. Announcement that
tho breweries of the United States will
be closed down December 1 for the pur
pose of saving coal and grain for the
use of the Allies In the prosecution of
the war Is creating a deep Impression
In Great Britain. Tho Sunday Evening
Telegram says:
"So morn beer will be brewed In the
United States after November: t" it Is
a simple If drastic way of answer., s the
question of bread or beer. As America
sends us grain. It looks as If she is clos
ing her hrewerles that ours may remain
open. It Is very doubtful If. supposing
the circumstances were reversed, wo
should do tlio name for her, hut It is
a notable example of the determination
of tho United States to let nothing stand
in the way of carrying on tho war."
A striking contrast with tho action
of tho United States Is furnished by
conditions In Warwickshire, whero n
i strike of tho coal miners Is threatened
unless nn adequate supply of hcer is pro
vided for tho miners, Tho miners com
plain that they are unable. to obtain
beer after finishing their work, as tho
supply Is consumed by others ,hIlo they
are working.
GERMAN "VICTORY" IS
SPEEDY TRAVELLER
In France in One Edition, in
Russia Next.
Spetfal Cable Dttpatch to Tnu Sr.
Copyright, mi; all riohtt rtterved,
London, Sopt. 8. A remtrkablo story
Is told by a Belgian correspondent, who
personally saw the Incident, of how tho
Germans aro manufacturing victories for
home consumption.
Recently at the Courtral railway sta
tion ho bought a copy of the Ilerlln
Tagebialt, In which a big German vic
tory was reported on the western front,
where Von Bochn's and Von, Hutler's
armies were said to have captured 100,-.
000 French, Belgian, American and Eng
lish soldlcra.
Almost immediately after he had pur
chafed the paper a German orficer
stopped the news cnder and took away
his lemainlng copies of tho Tagellatt,
substituting for them another bundle. '
When he had gone the Belgian bought
a fresh copy of tho substituted papers1,
also the Berlin Taprblnfj, It bofo the
same date as the other, but Instead of
crushing vlctoiles on the western front
It described n great German-Russian
victory over the Allies' forces in Russia.
In this edition tho 100,000 prisoners had
l.r-ciiin-) .Inpnnese American-) and
Czecho-Slovuka.
SECRETARY MAY
SEE U.S. ARMY
START A DRIVE
TJ. S. Officials Make Quick
Crossing on Transport
Laden With Troops.
CLOSER UNITY SOUGHT
British Aviation System Will
Bo Studied War Machino
Develops Fast.
Special Despatch to Tan Sis.
Washington Sept. 8. Secretary
Baker has arrived In France on his sec
ond visit to the battle front. Instead of
going on a. cruiser this time, Mr. Baker
made the trip on one of the large trans
ports, carrying Its usual quota of troops
and making ttie trip In quick time.
Mr. Baker left Washington on the
morning of August 31 and boarded the
transport the same day. Word that the
transport had arrived safely reached
here late to-day.
It had been known here that the Sec
retary was en route on a transport, but
the newspapers refrained from making
any mention of It. Mr. Baker wanted to
observe the experiences of tho men who
go "over there."
It Is regarded ns not Improbable that
Secretary Baker's visit to the front may
coincide wllh the beginning of Impor
tant military operations by the new
American field army which Gen. Ter
Bhlos has formed on the battle front.
American troops have not been heavily
engaged In the recent fighting, and the
belief Is prevalent that Marshal Foeh
plans some striking blow with the Amer
ican force as a unit.
Baker' Companions.
Mr. Baker was accompanied by As
sistant Secretary of Wn .. hn D. Ryan,"
jMajor-Gen. W. C Gorgas, Surgeon-General
of tho Army ; Drlg.-Gen. Frank T.
Hlnes, chief of the embarkation ser
vice, and I.leut.-Col. Georgo II. Balrd,
military aid. The object of tho trip Is
to get Into touch with changed condi
tions brought about by tho astonishing
development of America's war machine.
Since Mr. Baker's visit last spring it has
vastly expanded.
Tho personnel of Secretary Baker's
party gives the clue as to the nature of
tho Inspection work to bo done In Franco.
Assistant Secretary Ryan Is In charge
of aircraft production and will get Into
touch with the avIaUon branch of Gen.
Pershing's forces. Ho will obtain first
hand information ns to what Is needed.
He will also have opportunity to confer
with British and French aviation ex
perts on tho battlo front.
Fartlcular Importance Is attached here
to tho visit of Mr. Ryan In view of the
complaints emanating from' British
sources of a lack of coordination In the
air services of tho 'American anil allied
armies. It Is known that the failure of
the American aviation heads to fulfil
their early expectations has caused great
disappointment abroad.
, To Study British jtnii.
There has also been a feeling that
America has been out of touch with
somo of the most recent developments, In
military aeronautics. Great Britain has
favored the one man control theory In
the management of her nlr service and
presumably Mr. Ryan will teck to In
form himself on how the BrltltJi system
works.
Surgeon-General Gorgas, who has
charge of the health ot tho overseas
forces, will see at cloeo range what Is
being done abroad and ascertain whether
thero Is room for Improvement.
Then '.i close cooperation between the
health officers of the allied and Ameri
can armies and new developments In tho
matter of sanitation arc constantly com
ing up. ,
Gen. Hlnes will devoto his studfr-s to
the rapidly expanding embarkation ser
vice, Any posdlblo Improvements In tho
master of loading or unloading or any
thing tending to save time In the round
trip of troop or cargo ships will be of
the utmost Importance to speeding up
the flow of troops and supplies.
LENINE REPORTED IMPROVED.
'Wireless Despatch flaya llolshrvlk
Premier'" Wounds Are Ileallnir.
London, Sept. 8. Nikolai Lentne, the
llolshevlk Premier, is recovering from
tho wounds recently Inflicted on him, ac.
cording to a medical bulletin received
here by Russian wireless service Sunday
morning.
Stockholm, Sopt, 8. Twenty-six
British subjects holding olficlal positions
have been arrested since the attempt to
assassinate Nikolai Lenlne, Liu Bol
shevist Premier, according to a despatch
to the Svlenska Dagbladct from Helslng
fors. These Brltofis have been threat
ened with death by shooting should
Lcnlno die.
Palestine Greeks I'.ntrrliiir War.
Athens, Sept. 8. The newspapers of
Athena call attcnt'on to-day to the
cageVness of tho (ireeks In Palestine to
participate In the war. Both the n reeks
mobilized and those not yet called have
asked that they be onllsted at Salonlca
In the tireek army, and the first eon
tingcnt of vulunteerj
ha left for the
Macedonian capital
If Field Marshal Haig Leaves, What?
Viscount Northcliffe's Paper Asks
Special Cable. Despatch to Tas Bc.f.
Copyright, Ull; all rig hit reserved.
LONDON, Sept. 8. Viscount Northcliffe's Weekly Despatch says:
"It has been noted In high quarters in London that the work
of the British staff in the recent successful operation has shown vast
improvement on whatever has been achieved before. What is tho
reason? Lord Milner could Bay something interesting on the subject
but he won't. At any rate Marshal Foch is entirely 'satisfied with tho
British plans and execution of them and no further changes are in
contemplation.
"Field Marshal Haig has borne an immenso strain during the
last three years of the war with wonderful fortitude. Thero have
been changes in the French nnd Italian commands maybe in the
American before long but Field Marshal Haig has gone on impcr
turbably and confidently all the time. Maybe Field Marshal Haig
will shortly apply for leave. No one could blame him for so doing,
but who is there to put in his place?"
In view of this statement considerable significance attaches to
tho fact that Gen. Maurice in an article recently eulogized Field
Marshal Haig's superb handling of the British armies in the last
months and points out that not one word of recognition for these
great successes has come from the British War Cabinet. It also
may be significant that Sir Henry Wilson, the Chief of the Imperial
Staff, recently was promoted to the full rank of General in tiie Brit
ish army.
BADLY WOUNDED I
COMING TO U. S. I
Four Months Will Be Limit of
Stay in Hospitals of j
France.
BETTER FACILITIES HERE
iron Will Have Best of Medi
cal Caro During Rocupcr
. atiott,Peri(d.
Special Cable Despatch tn The Sr..
Copyright. 1918: all rights resened.
Paris, Kept. 8. It Is nnnoiinced here
from the oltlce ot the chief surgeon of
tho American Expeditionary Korce that
all lingering cases of. illness, that is to
say any man in the American Arm
who is 111 more than four months, or
who, having been wounded, needs sur
gical attention for more than that period,
will be sent back to tho United States.
The reason for this ii the greater
hospital facilities In tho I'nlled States
for lingering cases. Men who have been
In n hospital for moro than four months
will not, except In raro cases, be used
In France but will he employed In work
at home ro as to relenso other men of
sound physique for service at the front.
It has been decided also that no man
hereafter will he discharged from the
army until every possibility has been
exhausted lu the effort to put him back
In the best physical condition. liven
after the war men whom It will be
necessary to retain In hospital for tome
months will not be discharged until tho
medical authorities supervising their
cases have done everything possible for
them.
AMERICANS TAKE SO
CAPTIVES IN RAIDS
U. S. Boys Enter Muscourt
and Beat Off Counter Attacks
Washington, Sept. S (len. Pershing's
con.nunluue for vetcrday, received to
nlg. t nt tho War lJf-partmcnt, says:
taction A South of the Alane our
troops entered tho illage of Muscourt
and raptuied fifty prisoners. Hostile
counter attacks In this sector were re
ptilsed'and our line was slightly ad
vanced. Two strong hostile raids In
the Woevfi were bcatetj off, leaving
prisoners In our hands. In Alsace a
successful raiding party Intllcted loses
on the enemy.
Section B Tho Commander In Chief
has awarded the Distinguished Cross
to tho following men of tho American
Kxpedltlonary Forco for the acts of
gallantry set forth after tin...- names:
Sergeant Albert N Blsea, Mai-hlno
Gun Battalion While acting as ma
chine sun leader near Illlfvnslrst,
France, July 6, he was wounded In tho
face by a bursting shell, but continued
to direct Ills men until the attack
ended nnd then lnbUted on walking to
n dressing station.
Corporal Clayton N. Moore, land,
Infantry During tho nttai-k on 1111
sonslrst, France, July fi, while carry
ing n wounded t-oldier through ma
chine gun llro to ihelter he was
wounded but by unusual pluck, never,
thelchs, brought his conir.ide tn safety.
nml realizing the M'atclty of stretcheru
Insisted on others being taken to tho
rear and walking himself.
Dy the Asociated rent.
WITH THE AMltatCAN Aiimt in Fiukci:,
Sept. o. lcn. Pershing yesterday
decorated a large number of men be
longing to divisions which had distin
guished themselves during the summer.
All tho men received tho Distinguished
Service Cross.
Owing to the heavy rain and poor vis
ibility no ambitious operations were at
tempted by Cither tlm Americans or the
Germans tn-ilay In the lighting zone be
tween the Vcalo and Alspe rlvt-rs. As a
contcnuenco tho situation thero to-night
remains unchanged.
The Americans throughout the day
kept to their positions In tho dripping
woods or In their wnte- oiked fox
holes nnd trenches u.i.a t'm mtUlery
of both sides sent Over shells.
. 1
ALTERNATIVE TO
GERMANS URGED
i .
London Newspaper Suirfrests
People Re Told to Destroy
Prussianism.
EXACTION FOR SAVAGERY
Such a Demand, It Is Con
tended, Will Lead to Pro
tests by People.--
Special Cable Despatch to Tns Srv.
Copyright, 151!: all rights reserved.
London, Sept. S. Commenting on the
recent flood of Interviews and statements
by German soldiers nnd statesmen Indi
cating that the German "Iron will," like
their mailed fist and their shining armor,
Is In rather a bad way, the Vvcning
Standard pointed out yesterday that
even tho Crown Prince, who once thought
the war waa great fun. now rpenks In
the pacifist tones of Arthur Henderson
and Is bleating like u lamb In comparison
with that raging wolf of which President
Wilson rpoke. It adds:
"Hut although the German people seem
to be awakening to one class ot facts
they remain curiously oblivious to nn-
otheK Among nil classes of the peopled
there seems to prevail a conviction that
they have only to give up their more ex
travagant war alms In order to get
peace. This conviction Is behind the
comparative moderation of tho Pan
Germans as well ns the demand of tho
Socialists for a reversion to Von Kuehl
mann'a policy of trickery.
"Tho. morale of Gernmny obviously is
cracking; It 1 deteriorating in the army
and It seem- to have reached a very
low ebb In tho nation. The Herman peo
ple apparently have reached a stage
where they are convinced that Germany
cannot win tha war : It Is doubtful If
they have realized tho full penalties for
losing tho war while they still are rep
resented by tho criminal clique.
"Now Is tho tlmo for a Joint declara
tion of tho Allies placing before tho Ger
man tribes the plain alternative : 'The
Prussian system Is to tn) destroyed ; If
you dissociate yourselves from It, It will
be destroyed alone; If you stand by it
you will share In Its destruction.'
"Furthermore, It would be wi.se to In
form tho German people that payment
to tho last pfennig will be exacted for
all acts of wanton savagery and destrue.
tlou wrought during the retreat of th-'
German armies. The German people will
uiplaud this barbarism If they believe
they will not be called to account fur It.
But they will protest against such de
structlon If they understand that In soma
form or other every fraction of It will
have to be made good."
Two Big Parties for
Smoke Fund This Week
JsJEXT Friday is the dato of the
old fashioned clambake,
garden fete, musical entertain
ment nnd dance ut tho Westbury
Gardens Inn, Westbury, L. I. On
Saturday nipht the Hotel Mar
tinique is Kivinff a pnrty in its
Omar Khayyam room. Both nre
for the benefit of THE SUN To
bacco J-'und.
A splendid letter from twenty
one officers and men of a com
pany now flprhtingr in France,
praising the work of fund con
tributors, is published this morn
ing on page 5. "It brings smiles,"
they write, "and smiles aro worth
a lot over here."
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tio or publication. It employs
no ucnts or solicitors.
British and FroncliAdvance
Three Miles on Both Sides
i
of the Somrae.
AMEBIOANS ALSO GAIN
Enemy Battles DespcrateLyi
on Plateau North of Sois
sons, but in Vain.
A1LMENTIERES NEAK FALL
Haig: Repulses Strong Counter
Attack Thero and Virtually (
Clears Havrincourt Wood.
Special Cable Despatch to Tns Sox
Copyright, 1913: oil rights reserved.
London, Sept. 8. There Is a feeling
in the air that great events nro Im
pending on the battlo front In France,
to which moro substance wns added
to-day by tho arrival of Secretary
Baker in rrnnce. For some time H
has been believed hero that the Ameri
can First nnny, undet Gen. Tershlng.
now completely organized, is destined
to strlko the great blow of the war.
and perhaps soon. Meantime, all tho
operations nre leading up to grand
consummation, the flrpt step In which
appears to be the complete elimination
of the Illndonbnrg line, which already
has ceased to bo the terrible menace
thnt It was to the Allies' armle.
The British today are only ulx
miles from St. Quentln. after nn nd
vnnc flltiee yesterday of about throe
miles on a front of nearly fifteen,
extending from north of Kpchy to
Vermund, while the Frencli are clos
ing In from the southwest and to-day
were only eight miles away. The
flanking of the city, In th manner
that hns now become familiar as the
Foch tactics. Is proceeding rapidly
ond Its-Jfcil Is believed to bo a matter
of only a few day".
llrlUsb Captnro 10,000 In Week.
Although the Herman resistance In
this region Is stiffening somewhat n
liint of the conditions within the Her
man army Is afforded by Field Mar
shal Haig's report to-night; ho say
that (ho British alone in the first
week of September took 10,000 pris
oners. In tho southern part of the battle
front the French, in their advance on
.t. Quentln, captured the villages of
Vaux, Kluqulercs and Happencourt.
all north of the Somme, n.s well as
Hamel, and also mado nddltfnnal prog,
ross on both sides of tho Olso.
They took bust night Mcnnefsis, four
miles north of Tergnlcr, whero ther
were yesterday, only n few mllos from
La Fere, and in their flanking move
ment against tilt- St. Hobaln massif
they havo entcted tho northern .side
of the St. Oobuin forest and reached
the outskirts of tho village of Servals
At the northern end of their battb
front the British hnvc practically com
pleted tho capture and occupation of
Havrincourt Wood, despite tlm handi
cap of a very stormy day, and still
further north, in the Ly.s soctor, they
are now threatening the recapture of
Annentloi-e.s. One uf tlm trongeii
counter attacKs that the Hermans
June been able to deliver recently took
place to-day in this area, but it'failed
completely to nifi-ct the British.
Imiiiirtnnce of ( ninlirnl.
Tho Importance of tlio Ilrltlsh capture
of Havrincourt Wood lies in tho f.i.it
that In front of It Is an open vulnerable
sector of the Grrmiin defi-ni-e of Cam
bral; thero is nothing confronting tlm
DrltMi ha f but the ulil Held defence-,
cf the lliiidetiburg linn. If this sector
should bo siashed Camb'ral must fall
with the resultant fatal shaking of th
St. Gobuln-Laou pivot nf tlm entile,
-tni. turc.
The, German defeni-e Is based upon thy
St. Giibain nifihslf. Lion anil the Chemln
des If-imet- ridge. They might hold that
linn t lellnttely against direct pressure
butl t should bu broken east of Ilav
iln . I or to the south In Champagne a
gene retreat, in the opinion of mili
tary f tperts, will be ine ItabU- Tin.
prob.-u .llty nf this routing, ney' is In
creased by tho steady enveloping move
ment about tliii forest nf St. Goluln li
nen. Humbert on th- north sldn In hN
approach to Kere and by ien. Mar
gin in the south, who is m-ailng l.affau.N
' Military coninientatorrf fen the mo
ment -ipproai-hltiK. when Marshal Foeh,
having by ronntant attacks tor nearly
I eight weeks forced the cni-my Into a
general retirement from Ypres ("
. llhelini.. having millet. -d tiemrrnlou'
' Insst-s in ni'-n and material and dlso
I ganUeil all Ui.i German plans, is about
I to HtrlLo hLs oiiiKti.p LTnu-
Mliliii-lli rllisr fur Position,
"Hllhrto Marshal Foe'a has r.ttcmpte.1
no moro than forcing tin- enemy back
say a wtltei- m the I'all Mall r.'ojetle
"Tho (fl'cct of breaking through th
Illndenburg and Drocnurt-Cjueant line
has been to threaten the Important rail
road triangle of I tonal, Cainbral an.'
Vab-nc.cr.nes., tho front of I.ens, L'll
nnd tho Indiistiinl dlstrli 's in tlm norli'
nnd tlio l.iion-l.a Fcro massif, Hie grem
I central pillar of th German defenslvo
system In the south. To uro n metaphor
from tho bull ring, the matador li
'manoeuvring tho bull Into position and
, presontly wo shall seo him take swift
I bteps nsldfl to attempt to administer the
i ioiiii do grace.
"The Germans havo three main linsi
f
If1 s .

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