Newspaper Page Text
' WEATHER FORErA
Fair to-day J to-morrow partly cloudy;
I moderate northeast winds.
Highlit terrtoirarure yesterday, 77: lowest. 58.
Dialled wtth.r rtports orifa.t pig '
ITSHINES FOPv ALL
VOL. LXXXVL NO. 11.
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1918. Copyright, IBIS. b the fiun Printing and PublUMnp .Usocfcitlon.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
HINDENBURG LINE PRACTICALLY WIPED
FOCH IS CIRCLING ST. GOBAIN FOREST
FRENCH AND BRITISH A T GA TES OF ST. QUENTIN
McADOO DEMANDS TAX
FREE LIBERTY BONDS
WITH A $30, 000 LIMlt
Asks Congress to Fix Ex
emption During; War and
Brief Period Thereafter.
TO PROTECT HOLDERS
Wants Dealings in Issues
on Exchanges Stopped
HE SEEKS LARGER POWERS
Also Calls for Increase of War
Savings Certificates to
' Four Millions.
Special Deepatch to Tin Sux.
Wasiiujiotok, Sept. 10. Tho noed of
frnmed'late legislation of a character af
fecting the whole financial structure of
the United States wad urgently pressed
pon Congress to-night by Secretary
WcAdoo In an Identical letter addressed
to Chairman Kltchin (K. C.) of the
JIousj Ways and Means Committee
and Chairman Simmons (N. C.) of tht
ftnate Finance Committee.
Almcst on the eve of tho greatest
Liberty Txan drlvo Mr. MoAdoo re
quested, virtually demanded, that lib
erty bone', i bo tax freo up to $30,000
during the war and for a limited pe
riod thereafter: that his own powers
be lnciivcd to correspond practically
t( those of the Ministers of tho Ex
chequers of foreign Powers allied pltU-tt-o
United States; that the Issue of
War Savings certificates be Increased
fn-irf $2,000,000,000 to M.OOO.OOO.OOOj
. that the $1,000 limitation on per
ul holding of"TKeBOccrtlflcates bo
Snlimlta Dm ft at a Hill.
Accompanying Mr. McAdoo's letter to
h-i chairman was a long draft of a bill
t cover the recommendations for new
lin'lslatlon. Tho delay In tho passage of
tr.e $8,000,000,000 revenue bill with the
r-nsequentfeellng of uncertainty makes
1' necessary that this legislation should
b acted uiwn Immediately Mr. McAdoo
J" Titcd ouU
Hie Secretary suggested the wisdom
of working out a plan similar to that
I r.-inadaj whereby dealing In war ls
r of bonds on exchanges would bo
e u. d and the substitution of a market
f them through the banking Institu
te ot tho country, acting in close
f ration with the War Finance Cor
Income from Liberty bond Investments
r,M by corporations should also In Mr.
II Adoo's opinion be exempt up to $30,
and unl.l .he end' of the ca.cn'lar
j.car following the year in which the)
var ends from the excess -profits or war
Tor aggregate Investments In the
first, second and 'third Liberty loan
Vjnds Mr. McAdoo uuld have the tax
free exemption as high, us $45,000. As
ti.se bonds nro free of the normal tax:, j
lt'would ntako them entirely free of tax
up to the amounts specified.
A Complete Surprise.
Mr. McAdoo'o letter came as a com
pute surprise. There had been no lti
tt'r.utlon either at the Capitol or at the
Tieasury Department of the Intention of
tho Administration to seek the far
r aching legislation now asked.
ills reason for asking that Liberty
I mds !e made tax free to n certali.
tint are made clear In his letter. A
p-lnelpal reason is that In their sale to
big Inventors the Government has U
compete with othor Government .bond.
1 deral, State and municipal, which are
entirely tax freo and aro therefore mure
That the legislation will be granted
rs OTon as It can be rushed through the
regulative mill there Is no douot. Only
' time necessary for tho Ways and
.lans Committee and the Senate Fl
' fince Committee tcV acquaint themselves
n th the needs set forth by Mr. McAdoo
nid to rmh the legislation through both
I ousts of Congress Is required. No time
n '11 Iks lost In this, and other matters
vlll be sidetracked until it is accom
ll.slied, as tho legislation must be on
the statute books before the beginning
of the fourth Liberty Loan drive, Sep
Mr. McAdoo also made these recom
mendations In his letter:
That he should be authorised to deposit
the proceeds arising from tho payment
of war profits taxes with .depositaries In
tht United States In the same manner
as' the proceeds of income 'and excess
profits taxes are now deposited with
justified banks und trust companies.
That the President should be empow-
Continued on Fourth Page,
T11R VATlnVAI, riTV OMV
Xw nfflr, '114 irlfth Avnutt.j
Hie National Cttr Company offrrir at Its
n.v office No. St yiflh Aveuav-lnvMt-mews
rsnilnr, from Thiitt fl(rm at netntt
o Oorenuntnt, nallroad. Pubjfo Utility and
British Coal Heavers
Strike; Ships Halted
Special Cable Deepatch to Tns Sex.
Copyright, is: nf! rights reserved.
LIVERPOpL, Sept 10. Coal
heavers vhpcoal tho hun
dreds of shipSarriving and de
parting from this port, many of
them carrying war supplies, have
one on a strike for higher wages.
Ships aro being held up and the
transport of food has been de
layed owing to the inclusion in
.ho strike of 2,000 dock laborers.
Officials of tho strikers union
3sertthat tho efforts to prevent
a strike failed and that the wulk
)ut of tho men is unauthorized.
SINKS A U-BOAT
One Shot Hits Submarine
Amidships 1,500 Miles East
of Sandy Hook.
FIGHT LASTS 40 MINUTES
Submersible Turns Bottom Up
and Disappears ;0ily Bub
bles on Sea Surface.
One of Germany's biggest cruising sub
marines that have been making life pre
carious for New nglan.d fishermen and
others was sent to the bottom 1.600 miles
east of Sandy Hook on 8ptember 3 by
a shot from a six-Inch nuval gun on the
stern of theWmerlcan tanksblp Frank
II. liuck, according to the report of tho
tanker's captain, who reported the sink
ing to the Navy Department yesterday.
The captain said the submarine opened
fire on his vessel at a range ot 1.400
yards, but found after an Interchange of
shots that her guns were outpointed by
tho tanker's and started to withdraw
when she was hit.
As tho American crew of the vessel
told the story yesterday, It was early In
the morning of September 3 that the
lookout on the tanker spied a light ahead
"Tanker dead1 ahead, sir."
"Aye, aye," was the acknowledgment
and the captain put h'.s glass on the
craft Arter studying her for a time he
becamo convinced that she was a sub
marine and the American gunners
quickly had their pieces teady for tho
command to flro.
When the two vessels were almost
abeam they turned away from each
other and tho heavy gun on tha stern
of tha American vessel barked and the
shell sent up a geyser within a stone s
throw of the enemy craft. The U-boat's
guns replied and for a time there was
a lively running fight, which ended when
a shell from the six-Inch American gun
ripped Into the submarine amidships at
tho base of her conning tower.
After the shell struck home the Amer
ican crow, most of whom had crowded
on deck to watch the fight, saw a huge
spout of water leap upward and heard
the roar of an explosion. The submarine
heaved, turned bottom up and then dis
appeared. Tho Americans let loose a cheer and
Indulged In "The Star Spangled Ilanner."
The tanker steamed over the spot where
the eubmarlne had last been seen. Oily
bubbles on the surface of the water and
splintered wreckage testified to tho. fact
that another of the Kaiser's tin fish had
gono to the bottom. Tho fight lasted
In marine circles It Is believed that
this was tho same submarine which at
tacked British and French vessels last
week and lost them after running fights.
U. S. STEAMER DORA
SUNK BY A TORPEDO
Victim of Attack 'on Cargo
Convoy irew is oavea.
London, Sept. 10. The American
steamship Dora, formerly under the
Austrian flag, wan torpedoed and sunk
on September 4, approximately 400
miles off France,- as the result of an
uttack on a cargo convoy. The crew
The steamship "was struck at C:S0 A.
t. a mlm sea enabled the 'crew of
elshty-flve to escape. They were picked.
up by destroyers. ,
The submarine daringly too up a'po
.uin About 150 yards from the star-
aboutan eaual dls-
tance fn V the nearesY .destroyer and ;
fired at t Dora, which was heading ,
the column of three-vessels.
The lokout reported seeing a periscope
just after th wake'of the torpedo was
discovered, but nothing -more was seen
of the-'submarlhe. Tho torpedo struck
Bftfhrowlng the cargo of army supplies
as? high as the mast tops, but only ono ,
member of the crew was hurt. J
The escorting ships immediately 1
dropped numerous depth charges. Owing
to the speed with which (ho warships
aetcd and the close proximity of the U-
v.nn. II I. iiti.a'.hlM that tha Millitnc rlfiii
was either destroyed or badly damaged. J
19-20 AKD 32-36
FIRST GALLED IN
NEW WAR DRAFT
Crowder Expects .1,500.000
to Be Mailed Monday.
BOYS OF 18 HELD BACK
Appeal Made to Employers to
Aid Decisions on Industrial
Special Deepatch to Tub Sck.
Washington, Sept. 10. Acting under
the provision of the new draft law em
powering the President to determine tho
equence of ages In w.uch the new rcglf-t-anU
shall be called Provost Marshal
General Crowder announced to-day that
the first Call to the colors will embrace
those between the nges of 13 to :o and
32 to 36. both Inclusive.
"I want every flag tlylng and even
band playing on registration day." said
Gen. Crowder after making this an
Orders were telegraphed to-night to
all of the draft boards to begin the
classification of these age croups oefore
the others In order that the Induction of
those selected for military duty shall be
expedited as much as possible. This
order directed the draft boards on a
day to be selected, probably next Mon
day, to mall questionnaires to men within
these age limits only.
They will be treated as one group.
It may be weeks before the older and
younger men will receive their question
naires and their classification be begun.
First SerTlce Calls In October.
Complete classification of the regis
trants between the ages of 13 and SO and
32 and 38 will not take more than
forty-three days. Gen. Crowder believes.
It is expected, Indeed, to have sprue of
these registrants, -perhaps 100,000 or
more, ready for calls to service begin-
. .. -- u,T.
nlng ntxt tnontlu
Two reasons underlie the action of
the President and Gen. Crowder In de
termining upon these age sequnncee.
First, because of the feeling throughout
the nation that boys of IS are too young
to be actually called for service. Sec
ond, because the classification of those
above 36 will involve the most claims
for exemption and necessarily will be
slower. To these of course must bo
added the fact that only a small propor
tion of the men physically fit for mili
tary service r'M fall In tho ages
In his calculation preliminary to the
forthcoming draft Gen. Crowder esti
mated the number of men to be obtained
for tho army of those from 19 to 20 In
clusive at 1,121,634, while only 001,230
wcro expected to be obtained from those
from 33 to 45. Estimate of the num
ber to bo obtained from 32 to 40 was
448,086. Hence tho number expected
from the ages of 19 to 20 and 32 to 36
will be about 1,500,000 apparently.
This means that men of the advanced
igea must be called and even these de
ferred classes possibly Invaded ulti
Ilrapltp for Iloya and Older Hen.
The fact that the locnl boards will
devote first attention to the men within
tho age limits of the call means, of
course, that men of more than 3C and
the IS year old boyn, for some weeks
it teast, will heai- nothing from the
Government after tley register Thurs
day. What !hu next call will Include
or whether men over 36 wilt go ahead
of boys under 19 In not decided.
Gen. Ciowder Issued a statement to-
day to employers and other represents
tlves of industry clearly and concisely
outlining some of the fundamental du
ties which go with their sharo of re
sponsibility In making tne draft work
out for the national good.
EmphaslH Is laid by Gen. Crowder on
tho need which tho Government has for
tho advice and assistance of thesu men
In making a proper classification of reg
istrants. It Is pointed out that the dis
trict boards cannot be expected .to award
Continued on Eighth Pago.
Thanks to' the'Fund
Goes "pver the Top"
"A PACKAGE of tobacco was
received by me quite a
while ago and I have carried this
card, 'over the top and in other
dangerous placos so I could send
my thanks to the donor. With
many, many thanks,
. "ROLAND W. HINE,
Thirtieth Company, Second Bat
tery, Sixth Regiment, U. S. M."
Tho foregoing card, addressed
to Mme. Clergct, the singer, who
has contributed of her talent to
THE SUN Tobacco Fund on
more than one occasion, has just
been received. Other cards are
published on page 5 this morning.
WARNING I THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
Scores in German Jails
for Doubting "Victory"
Special Cable Deepatch to Tais Sex.
top fright, UlS; all rlghte rteerred.
LONDON, Sept. 10. According
to news received in , Basle,
Switzerland, from behind the
Rhine the recent speeches of
Field Marshal von Hindcnburg,
the German Crown Prince and
others in an effort to raise the
waverinc morale of the popula
tion have been followed by
brutal repressive measures
nRninst both soldiers and civilians
who express doubt concerning: a
final German victory.
Scores of persons have been
trrcstcd and Imprisoned in Ber
lin, Munich, Cologne and other
iloces for stating that the war,
had been lost and that the Ger
nan cause was in danger.
Special CabU Deepatch to Tss Sex from
the Lrmdon ritnee Service,
Copyright, alt; alt rlghte reeervei.
AMSTERDAM, Sept 10.
Travellers from Germnny report
hat thirty men of the Twenty
fifth Eraatz regiment who re-
used the other day to depart for
the front were shot.
A soldier returning from the
front to Oberhausen told in his
hop that his regiment had been
annihilated near Bapaume and
.or this he was sentenced to im
prisonment for six years.
REDS TO FIGHT
Bolshevik! Fledge Itussia in
Action Against Allies and
SEQUENCE OF CONSPIRACY
Archangel Government Is
Uniting Loyal Hnssians and
Is With Entente.
Special Deepalch to Tub SrN.
Wasiiinoto.v, Sept. 10. The Uolshe
vlkl have signed a treaty of alliance
with Germany agilnst the Entento Al
lies, Including, tho United States, ac
cording to reports forwarded to the
State Department by American Ambas
sador Francis. An'outllne of the main
clauses In this treaty was made public
at the State Department here to-day.
Details Included In the Ambassador's
report were withheld, ll was explained,
for military reasons. Tho salient fea
tures of tho treaty, which refers to Rus
sia, although the Ilolshevlk signers ob
viously are not In a position to pledge
Russia to any pact, are as follows :
Russia agrees to tight against the
Allies. Germany, In return for this,
arces to safeguard Russia against at
tack cither by or through Finland. Rus
sia agrees to pay Germany 6,000,000,000
marks ($1,000,000,000 under normal ex
change). Germany, In return, agrees
to guarantee'lhat the Russian istal
and fishing fleets now In Russian uters
shall not be molested after the expulsion
of the Allies from Russian errltory.
This development admittedly meana.
that the Bolshevik leaders are now
openly seeking to ally themselves with
Germany against the Entente Allies and
the United States. It is the logical out
come of thi collusion between the Ger
mans and the Bolshevik leaders of the
Lenlne and Trotiky stripe. It Is ex
plained, and It- Is understood that it
had been foreseen here and In Entente
There is no disposition among offi
cials, however, to regard this move as
signifying that the Russian people are
ready to Join hands with Germany
against tne Allies.
.All advices Indicate that tha Dol
shevlkl have virtually lost their hold
on the Russian people and that this so-
called treaty means nothing more than
a conspiracy between the Germans and
their Bolshevik agents, aimed alike at
Russia and the Allies.
State -Department officials say It can
not be said that tho United States or the
Allies are aI war with the Uolshevlkl be
causo these nations can hardly be at
war with a Government the existence of
which they do not recognise.
Meanwhile advices to-day show that
I the Government of northern Itumla In
' Archangel, which Is representing the
I loyal Russians, has taken steps toward
I consolidating Russians against tho com
' mon enemy, Boris BakhmeteiT, the Rub.
slnn Ambassador here, has received an
Important message from this Govern
ment, stating that Its aim Is n reunited
and Indlvlslblo Russia and that It Is
at wac with the German Invaders.
The fact that the Russian Embassy
here has established direct connection
with this Government In Russia Is re
garded as encouraging and significant
It Is the first time that tho Embassy
here has been. In a position to exercise
Its functions on behalf of Russia since
the fall of the Kerensky regime.
Alasknn Hsllrond lo Open Monday.
Bswaso, Alaska, Kept, 10, Some time
to-night steel will meet steel between
Heward and Anchorage and the Govern
ment's Alaska rallrbifd will have been
Joined between the two points. The road
will bo opened formally Monday,
VKM'h ruM'll." r't Hi- im1rrt r (he
world for nunllty. Ht'V VUNIS. ut.
. in peace move
Von Hintzc Suggests lfe
tirement of Ifertling in
, Favor of Dr.Solf.
SCHEIDEMANN IN FAVOR
Erzbcrger of Catholic Party
Also Mentioned for Place
Special Cable Deepatch to Tits Sun.
Copyright, ISIS: all rlghte referred.
Ionpo.v, Sept. 10. The rearrange
ment of the figures representing the
Central Umpires on the political chess- j
board as a preliminary to the new I
Oennan peace move which appears to
b" definitely under way Is outlined
'n n despatch from Vienna In which
t Is stated that the German Foreign
Secretnry, Admiral von Hlntze, dis
cussed wllb the Austro-Hungarlan
Ministers the possibility and prospec
tive chances of a new makeup of the
German Imperial Government.
Ho suggested tlu resignation of the
Imperial Chancellor, Count von Kcrt
llng, who would be succeeded by Dr.
W. S. Solf, the Colonial Secretary. In
the new Government would le Philip
Scheldcniann, leader of tho majority
Socialists, and Matthias Krxberger, the
leader In the Reichstag of the Centrist,
or Catholic party. Both Scheldemann
and Erzberger have been prominent in
previous attempts to bring about U
boat peace conferences.
Color lj lent to this report by evi
dences which continue nf the political
crisis Impending in Ger ..ny. Reports
from Berlin via Holland say that the
Tiajorlty parties In tho Reichstag are
holding conferences- for tho purpose of
1rnf tlnr a programme of war and ps!c
alms which they will have tho successor
of Von Hertllng ndopt.
It would appear that theso majority
parties expect the formation of a Gov
ernment which would seem to represent
more nearly a parliamentary character,
so that the Entente countries would bo
Induced to bcllevo It more representathe
of the German people.
It Is significant also that at the mo
ment that Admiral von Iltntzc was con
ferring with tho AUbtrlan Prcmlor a ru
mor was revived that Baron Burtau
would soon resign as the Austrian For-
eign Minister and would be succeeded
r. . j .L ..-
by Count Berchtold, who was the -Minis
ter of Forelgji Affairs at tho outbreak ot
The fact that Von Hertllng's resigna
tion appears to have been discussed as
more than a possibility by Von Ittntze,
who always has been Identified with the
ran-Germaiilsts, would suggest' that the
reactionary element had something to
do n bringing about the Chancellor's re
tirement. On tho other hand, both Kcheldemann
and Erzbcrger, who are mentioned as
probable members of a Solf Government,
nave publicly expresed views antagon
istic to the Pan-Gormnn policy. Schelde
mann has declared repeatedly In favor
of a peace without annexations and
Erzbcrger was responsible for the Reich
stag peace resolution of July, 1917,
which Infuriated the Pan-Gcrmanlsts.
PARLEY FOR PEACE
Austrian Minister Outlines
Plan to Learn Aims.
AsisTEBDAM.Sept. 10. An exchange of
views between the Central Bowers and
tho Entente was tentatively suggested by
Baron Burlan, the Austro-Hungarlan
Foreign Minister, In on address to visit
ing German newspaper men, according to
a Vienna despatch to-day.
Such a discussion, said the Foreign
Minister, need not take the farm of
peace negotiations, but would have as Its
purpose the consideration of all thlngH
which nreeeplng the belligerent Powers
"Isn't It a crime against humanity,"
said the Foreign Minister, "even to think
of completely pulling down a strUcturo
which has become historical, and which
certainly here and there needs Improve
ment, but Is only capjble of Improve
ment, In order to found n paradise In
future on Its ruins? The defect In this,
however. Is that In accordance with the
destructive methods of our enemies. It
can only be created with a much too
"Count the past hecatombs of this war.
Think of thoso to come, and ask whether
striving ,to attain war alms r-t nuch a
price Is. Justifiable war alms in which
the principle of Justice Is put foremost
without Investigating whether an under
standing could not be reached by a fair
application of that principle.
Only Wants Opportunity.
"It Is unthinkable that even the most
confident hopes of final vlctofy could
permit the enemy In the long run to
avoid considering whether the most ter
rific exertions and sacrifices can longer
be Justified In order to carry through
principle which are not the enemy's
mono: ly or to regulate the affairs of
Continued on Second I'agc,
GERMAN TROOPS TOLD
THEY MUST AND RETREATS
Captured Order Warns That Practice of Giving Up
Outpost Lines Is Fatal Viewed as Evidence
of Shaken Spirit.
y, Piinitv noniNso.w
Special Cable Deepatch to The Scs jrotn the
London Timet Service,
Copyright, 1911: all rlghte reeetied.
With tub British Armt in Fbancs,
Sept. 10. One hesitates to lay too much
stress upon proofs of German disorgan
ization and shaken morale, but thero can
be no possible doubt that conditions to
day axe much worse and disaffection
more widespread than ever before.
An order of tho Fortieth Division ,1s
emphatic against the practice of troops
falling to hold the first lino positions
when ordere i to do so. Apparently the
German troops taku advantage of the
Lundendorff order that the observation
and outpost zones are the real front line
of resistance, and when they desert front
lines that they have been told to hold
they report tho "evacuation of an out
The captured order reads:
"A new outpost zono cannot bo se
lected dally and the troops must hold
the foremost line. The troops must
Teutonic Newspapers All Re
flect Growing Uneasiness
of the People.
EXPLAIN AWAY DEFEATS
Say Kaiser's Army Can Hold
Out Forever in Defensive
Special Cable Deepatch to Tne Sot from the
London Tlmee Service,
Copyright. 19H; all rtghte referred
Tiik mom:, Sept. 10. All the Ger
man newspapers reflect growing uneasi
ness lest the German nerve, should glo
way utterly under the eclipse of faith in
the German supremo command. The German sides that Col. Gaedke In I or
Frankfurter ZHtuna'a leading article troerts points out that the biggest dan-
Sunday Is an attempt to raise the grr threallng the German armies at the . In th uncomfortable position of hav
splrlts of Its readers. It does not at- present moment Is that tho great bulk Ing no place to go unions they leave
tempt to disguise the magnitude of the i of tho American army, although known I Firnce, and pwhaps Belgium
operations In the west, which, It says, to be ready, has not yet been employed I j ,. ...i, ,,u."ri,..
have created for the Germans a military
I Kttti.if Inn t!i Kfrimiimeaa of which Is I
situation the seriousness of which is
known to all. Tho Allies have sue-
ceeded In frustrating this year's German
While not pretendmg to know the
plans of tho German supreme command,
whether It cherishes hopes of attaining
final military success on French terri
tory or contemplates soon or lato a
voluntary termination of tho offensive,
the Zcitung says the Germans do not
desire to deceive themselves In respect
to what has occurred since. It Is one
thing to -discontinue such a victorious
campaign voluntarily for strategic rea
sons and another thing to do tho same
under tho enemy's compulsion.
Says Defeats Arc Nut Final.
It asserts that Ihc conversion of tho
German strategy from the offensive to
the ilefenslvo docs not In Itself ncces
sari'y bring tho adversary one step
nearer to final victory. It condemns
thosn faint hearts who read a great
battle only from tho point of view of tho
enemy communiques, whero victory fol
lows victory, strategically and tactically
striking Germany one annihilating blow
The newspaper declares that whatever
line the German command ultimately
may choose for Its final defensive front,
Germany's armies, both strategically and
tactically, will be In a position to hold
such line permanently, come what may,
against all the Entente's r. '.lllons. In
cluding tholr Americans, and against all
their superiority In arms and munitions.
It will be hard, but It will be accom
plished. An article by Herr Baemelster, editor
of the Pan-Qenuan weekly, Dai Oro-
aero Deuttchland, in its lssuo ot August
23, Is remarkable in some of i.j pas
sages, which show "political leadeishlp."
Admits Kalllns of Morale.
It traces much of the present trouble
back to the sins of omission of the un
happy Von Bethmann-Hollwcg, but It
Is admitted that the German morale,
both on the front and at home, has de
teriorated In the last six months, while,
on tho other hand, morale has become
increasingly Important from tho mili
tary point of view. The case la slated
"From the military point of view the
situation In Germany might be worse
in the event that It so shaped Itself that
tho supreme command would fall bac'
completely to the defensive. We hao
no sort of reason to believe that such a
situation Is before us, but let us assume
that It Is.
"We have proved for some years In
the west that even n Immense supe
riority has not been able to force ut
out of defensive positions. In such de
fensive positions, thorefore, wo should
bo able to hold for an unlimited time
Continued on Recontl Page.
understand this or they will retire
against tho wishes of the command and
describe the ground which they have
lost as an evacuated outpost zone. This
canrhjt be permitted for tactical reasons
and must not be allowed for moral rea
sons." A letter sent by a German trooper to
a younger soldier follows: "If you
don't get your leave within three
months take It yourself and get away.
One of our men did that and got as
far as Ilegenau, when he was stopped
and sent back to his unit, but when
ho arrived he got fourteen days leave
at ou-.-e without any punishment. I mean
to do tho same thing."
Many of those released from captivity
in Russia were brought tj this front
with a promise ttiat they would be em
ployed on the . no of communication.
Now they arc being thrust Into the
firing lino and bitterly resent It. Men
going on leave are reported to gather
up all the food that they can lay their
hands. on before ftarting to take It back
io their families.
NEW FOCH BLOW
Military Experts on Tloth Sides
Look for Employment
ARMY INTACT AND READY
Enemy Striving Desperately to
Stiffen Defences Against
Special Cable Deepatch to Tnr Hrs
Copyright. 1918: all rights reterrcl
Lokixjn, Sept. 10. Military commen
tators here intimate that the moment Is
arriving for the new blow by Marshal
Foch. It Is significant of tha trend of
military thought both on the allied and
In large fighting.
In the ritHnn
In tho region where the Americans
aro fighting with the French west of I-fl.
, Fcro and In cooperation with the same
; movement from their lines north of tho
Veslo Important progress was made to
day. I.nrirndtirrr Offers Hrslataner.
It Is evident, however, from the In
creased resistance of the Germans In
this area that Gen. I.udendorff docs not
Intend to allow his urmles to be forced
out of their powerful positions In the
St. Goblan inrslf until he has exhausted
Xorth of this region, soulh of St. Quen
tln, thero Is also more German resist
ance than has been encountered up to
this time. From Ii Fere to Gouzeau
court the Allies are practically on what
was the Hlndenburg line. The Germans
are resorting to powerful artillery ac
tions In this region to check tho Allies'
advance, but so far without materlnl re
sult. The French have reached the Una of
tho St. Quentln Canal, four mlle.-t sout'i
of St. Quentln, nt Lo Hamnl, and have
crossed It at several points further
south. For some days direct railway
connection between St. iQuentln Rtid
Laon has been severed,
v Ilrttlili Stake hrntcrrsa.
Tho British to-day. cooperating with
tho French In tho operation to envelop
St. Quentln, attacked between Gouzeau
court and Epehy and made ratlsfactory
progress. The Germans In this section
aro fighting now in the trenches which
.formed tho rear line of the British de
fences In March. The St. Quentln Canal
Is about four miles eastward from the
furthest point of their advance.
Ijhe canal at Ie Catelet runs under
ground and would not offor any obstacle
to the advance of the tanks hould the
British succeed east of Epehy In breaking
through the German defences. The rail
way connecting Cambral and St. Quen
tln runs north and south ten miles east
of L Catelet, and should soon he under
the fire of the British artillery.
TURKS MAY FIGHT BULGAES.
Countries In Quarrel Over Division
of Captured Territory.
Wasiiinoto.v, Sept. 10. Information
reached here to-day from a source usu
ally reliable that Turkey has sent a
large force to the border of Bulgaria,
where trouhlo Is brewing over division
of territorial spoils of war. The possi
bility of open conflict between Turkey
and Bulgaria Is watched here with great
Interest, and Is known to be causing
serious misgivings at Berlin.
The revolutionary spirit Is rife In the
Bulgarian army and among the civilian
population, according to reports. The
BulRfirlans want more territory and are
natd b determined to secure all of
Scibin nd even a portion of Austria
Americans Aiding inFlamk-
ing Movement Agairst
Clicmin des Damcf.
FALL OF LA FERE SEEN
Germans' Hold on Vrmen
tieres Precarious aid Brit
ish Arc Pressing TiVin.
LILLE URITISII OBJECTIVE
Whole German Position in
France Threatened by Gen
London, Sept. 10. Despite exceed
ingly lmil weather, Mnrslinl Koch's
crcnt operation nsrnlnst the Germans
In mill near whnt wns formerly the
Hliiilenbiirf; line continued to-day
with undinilnlshoil vigor, making n
much progress ns could 1k expected
under the circumstances. Apparently
the first step In the grand smnsh Is
to he the capture of St. Qiipiitin, a.i
the Ilrltlrili, moTlng In from the north
and northwest, npproncfipd to-day to
about three miles of the city, while
the Frt'noh, coming up from the
south and southwest, nro within ,
about two miles.
The Hlndeulmrg line ha; become
little more than a form of expression,
It litis lnvii puncturt'd. torn mid over
run In so many places that It Iiih
practically no military value now,
hut Mime of The cliles ami villages
that wero upon It ilmihtltv-: will he
held tenaciously by the Hermans for
a while. Tho lino as a lino ha
ceased to exist. The I'.rltMi in the
middle district and the l-'rcm-h a lit
tle to the south of them both eliwed
tip the small remaining gaps before
the line to-day, the Ilrltlsh north of
Etehy and the French nt Illuncourt.
Flanklwr C hem In ilea Damri,
Further to the south tho French
made additional progress In what
promlf.es to be ono of the great onra
tions of the year, the turning of the
St. Gohaln massif and tho flanking of
the famous Chtmln des Dames. It Is
predicted that when thc.ie actions havo
lx.cn concluded. In conjunction with
the Ilrltlsh operations In the north In
thf Ypres district, the Germans will be
American contingent is fighting shoul
dr to ohouldcr with tho French, the
Allies have advanced as far as the Olse
River along practically their whole
front In that area: they aro within two
miles of I.a Fere, tho fall of wiuV.hnow
rems to 1 merely a wetter of tho
French convenience, and are threaten
ing dangerously tho western end of the
Cliemlu den Dames. A very Httlo fur
ther advance along thU line will make
that famous position untenable for tho
Germans, - as It will bo effectively
The Americans, who are working with
the French In this sector, aro abo con
ducting tho southeastern end of the
same operation from the region nf tho
Alsne between Solssons und Rhelms.
Naturally their progress In that rejrlon
must depend on tho advance by tin
French to tho west.
In Oie greater events that are taking
piaco In the south tho situation in thu
north chould not bo overlooked. Field
Marshal Halg to-night reports that In
a "local operation" the British to-day
madn slight progress near Neuvo Cha
pello and Armenlieres. In fact the hold
of tho Germans upon Armentlerrs has
bfCOtno so trocar!fiiiA thuf ttm f.-,ti ne
I the city may be expected at any mo
ment, and la Bassep, further to the
south, Is In almost tho came state.
Apparently tho British objectlvo now
Is Lille, the great city which dominates
the whole northern region. Should that
be taken this yar It Is difficult to act
how the Germans can avoid a wldo re
tirement from the whole western port of
Belgium, losing their small hold on the
scacoast there. It is noteworthy that
In an order of the day riold Marshal
Halg Is very optimistic over the out
look. He mentions that In four weeks
the British alono have made "R.ono pris
oners and captured 710 guru.
l'lnod to Stop Tanks.
Koine of tho German newspapir cor
respondents show anxiety ov r tl;u
situation caused by the British advance
along the Scarpo In tho Arms region.
The correspondent of tho Frankfort
On tet Ir, for Instance, points out that u
drive by the British from tho apex of
the wedgo they havo pushed Into the
line In that region would lead to the
gates of Doual. Thn correspondent ex
presses tho hope that artificial floods
will be put in tho way of tho British
to help stop the tanks. '
Additional advices that flros at
burning In Doual have ben received,
tho correspondent of tho 7)nl,y .lft( on
the British front now reporting them.
There are throe German Hues of de
fence behind the Hlndenburg line, the
first closely paralleling It and tho others
providing for retreats along wide fronts,
according to an outline of toe Geruu.ii