Newspaper Page Text
yr -pn r-ci- -5r
Rain to-day; to-morrow fair; moderate
south to west winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 70 J lowest, 56.
Detailed weather reports on last pio.
VOL. LXXXVL NO. 13.
AMERICA NS GAIN 5 MILES ON 35 MILE FRONT;
ST. MIHIEL SALIENT CRUMBLING; 12,000 TAKEN;
BRITISH WIN MORE TOWNS AND NEAR CAMBRAI
Great Enthusiasm Marks
Perfect Working of Vast
NOT A JAR ANYWHERE
Gen. Crowder Gets Reports
Will Be Exceeded.
NEW DEFERMENT RULING
Non-Priority and Non-Produc-tirc
Industries Declared Not
to Be. Synonymous.
Special Detpatch to The Sun.
Washington. Sept. 12. Americans to
the number of nearly 13,000,000 an
nvered the call of tha nation to-day to
(.id In the. creation of the unconquer
able force, "force without limit," to use
the President's Words, which within
I he ensuing twelve months will send
Prusslanlsm to Its last account.
In every city, town and village. In
every mining and lumber camp, Ash.
to', cattle range and farm, from one
nd of the land to the other, Ameri
cans ranging In age from the beard
less youngsters of 18 to the near
rrr.nddaddicsof 45 solemnly registered
their name on thy roll, of available
for the. n5o1.nWshfh'r bloWagalnst'the
Kaiser. . '
At the offices of the Provost Marshal
General, where all. the vast plan of
registering the million of citizens had
been formed, where the whole scheme
had been shaped and Into which run
the wires of manipulation by means of
which the vast enterprise, the most
-ilgantlc census of manhood ever gath
ered In a single day, there was no more
excitement than If. the whole limit of
the programme was the conduct of a
primary election for sheriff In America's
Not a- Jar In the Mechanism.
Excitement, there' was none. The
mechanism did not rattle ; the bearings
d'.d not equeak. It was as though under
tne guiding hand of .-Major-Gen. Orowder
he whole system lubricated to a nicety
had, been running on for months.
Even before the amendment to the
selective draft law under which men
between the ages of 18 and 31. and be
tueen jl and 45 were ordered to reg
ister the Provost Marshal Gencral'sof
fire had been prepared for to-day'a
lrring event. The organization used
.a the great first draft of June 6, 1917,
was employed throughout the nation,
the election machinery and the educa
tional system furnishing the clerical
force and tho loca'tlons for the thou
sands ot draft offices.
, Only meagre reports of the results
through the country were received at the
cities of the Provost Marshal General to
night. These are being collated State
by State They will appear when the
final returns havo been sent to the
Provost Marshal General's office within
the ensuing three or four days.
Word was received by Gen. urowaer
by telephone from New York that the
-eglstratlon In the metropolis was run
ning heavier than anticipated. '.This, It
was raid, however, was natural. The
estimates. It is expected, will be ex
ceeded In the great Industrial centres of
the llast, tho North and the Northwest.
It Is Is thought that a diminution will
i discovered In the sections of the
South and West where the crops already
nave been harvested and the hands have
returned to the centres of Industry. The
net result, however, is expected to be
nircct of Priority CSronplnar.
Gen, Crowder took occasion to ex
plain to-day for the benefit of men en
ured In the so-called "non-productive"
Industries certain misapprehensions as
t the scope ot this classification. Re
centlv the War Department authorized
tho publication of a list of essential In
dustries numbering severity grouped and
classified as priority industries. The im
pression had gone abroad that all In
dustries not In the priority group must
'herefore be classed as non-productive.-This
misunderstanding Gen. Crowder en
deavored to set aalde by the following
explanation ? j
"The War Induatrles Board Ib charged
nith determining the principles upon
hlch fuel, power, transportation, ma
terials, capital and labor ought to be
allocated to the several Industries most
'"entlal to the war programme. An
'ndujtry omitted from that list Is, there
for In the position of not being en
titled to a priority privilege. The rela
tion of that list to the selective service
'ytcm Is that an Industry Included In
it la thereby recommended to the dis
trict boards as being a "necessary" In
!u.itry; and the district boards may
take advantage of that recommendation
m determining whether an Indispensable
man In such an Industry should be
Placed In a deferred class on that
"But thers'are of course many scores,
perhaps hundreds, of Industries not pos-
Continued on Bevtnth Page.
Discreet Men to Make '
Future Slacker Raids
Special Deipatch to Tan Sex.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 12.
To meet the tremendous
extra burden in enforcement of
tho selective service law en
tailed by to-day's registration
the Department of Justice is to
increase the force in the bureau
of investigations to round up
The investigation forco will he
sufficient to insure that in future9
raids tho power of arrest will not
be exercised except by duly au
thorized officers who have the
proper training and discretion in
such matters. ' n
The department is preparing
with tho aid of the military and
other authorities to check up
every evasion of the draft law,
wilful or otherwise, and the en
larged organization will be
spread across the country, even
to the small towns and rural dis
tricts. GREAT TURNOUT
New Yorkers in All Walks of
jjiiu ungvi iu joiner nuuius
in Patriots' Registry.
TOTAL IS ABOUT 800,000
One-fifth in tho 18-20 Class
and Two-fifths in the 32
- . ( .
The number of men who" -registered
yesterday, in thl city undeoUtfeMqulcc;
menta of the 18 to 46 draft law wis esti
mated last night at 800,000.
The estimate was made by Martin
Conboy, director of the draft for New
York, before all the figures were fully In,
and was based on previous registration
figures under the first draft law and on
yesterday's registration In districts from
which complete figures were available.
Mr. Conboy said :
"The registration of 800.000 men In
this city has been accomplished. The
number should be a source of undying
pride to the people of New York and of
unparalleled encouragement to our boys
who are already In France. The news
will be received rejoicingly In Washing
ton, London, Paris and Rome and. de
spairingly In Berlin.
"With the registration of this day and
previous registration days we shall have
on our classification lists, In this city,
the names of more than 1,400,000 men
ot military, age. This figure Is exclusive
of the' thousands of men who have al
ready been Inducted into the military
service, and exclusive of course ipf those
who enlisted without waiting to be called
to the colors.
Tremendous Task Performed.
"The work of registration has been a
tremendous task for the more than 15,
000 volunteers who have devoted the
day to it and without whose assistance
this office would have been swamped.
They have given their time In unstinted
measure, and their devotion to duty is
another evidence of the patriotic zeal
and devotion which are characteristic
of the nation.
"On tho whole, the day's work has
been good. The national estimate for
New York city has been realized. The
work that this day has been begun with
so great an Impetus will go forward to
Its completion with the whole strength
and resources of the nation .behind It.
"It seems appropriate at this time to
say a word regarding the recent slacker
raid In this city. Figures which have
been given seem to have created an Im
pression that "a great many men of draft
age In New York had succeeded, in evad
ing their military obligation, but the
facts are directly otherwise. There Is
not a community' In the country that Is
so frco from slackers and deserters as
New York city.
At 1 o'clock this morning the police
estimated the totsl registration in the
greater city at 769,854, while draft of
ficials who before registration had placed
the probable figure at 787.000 said the
indications pointed to a total of 6,000
more than that. x
The police estimate by boroughs was
as follows: .
Manhattan, 338,4871 Brooklyn. 251,
737; Bronx, 95,083 ; Queens, 67,914, and
Itlchniond, 14,153, making a total of
757,354. About 13,600 registrations were
acknowledged In the offices of the di
rector of the draft yesterday, bringing
the total up to 769,854.
The returns from about half the dis
trict boards of the city showed an enor
mous registry, and that of tho man who
registered the number of aliens was
comparatively small for a city of so
cosmopolitan a character as New York.
It appeared that about one-fifth nfthe
rerfbtrants were of the younger men be
tween 18 and 21, and that two-fjfths
mora were of men between the ages of
32 and 37, x
In Line Before Boards Open.
Evidence of the splrU In which New
York Is prepared to submit Itself to the
new draft provisions was forthcoming
Continued oh JSTevsirtJk Page,
NEW YORK, 'FRIDAY, , SEPTEMBER 13,
HIS TACTICS IN
Shifts Scene of Major Opcr.
at ions When Other
SALIENT IS IMPORTANT
American Attack First Serious
Allied Blow on Eastern
Ity n. SIDKUOTHAM.
One ef the Foremost- Military Critics of
Sptcial Cable Detpatrh to Tns Son from the
London Timet Servie.
Copyright. IMS; ell rights reserved.
Lo.vpon, Sept. 12. In beginning a
new offensive Just when the old ones
threatened to become sterile of Imme
diate result although one or two use
ful advnnces are reported to-day
Marshal Koch has followed his estab
lished practice. He has Illustrated
over and over again In the course of
his operations since July 18 that he
Is not ..a man to go on hammering
until he splits tho board, for the first
principle of his strategy Is surprise,
or at nny rate constantcKapg.
Surprise in the strict 'sense does not
seem to have been achieved In his new
offensive, for thercwere many hints of
the direction of the coming attack, and
the Germans have shown s by their
raids, which wire heavy handed re
connaissances, that they were ex
tremely, apprehensive ot' ji, pew jiriove
on the eastern vSnej jKont '
For that resson also,, because- the
positions to bs attacked had remained
almost unchanged slnco IBM and
therefore presumably -were of excep
tional strength,' lite preliminary bom
bardment was" longer than is usual of
late, lasting foiir hours. N6ne the less
tho attack malls rapid progress and
the results promise to b exceedingly
The Germans always have attached
great Importance to their positions In the
Woevre, particularly -to the possession of
the salient of St. Mlhlel. In the original
plan for the attack against France there
was to have been a double encircling
movement, through Belgium and I-llle
on one flank and through Nancy and
across the French fortifications along
the heights of the Meuse on the other
This movement on the eastern flank
mlecarrled and the military success won
by the enemy was St. Mlhlel, which com
mands one line of Invasion across the
Meuse heights from Met as Ve'rdun
commands the other. One of the best
things the Germans have done has been
their rapid consolidation of this bridge
head Into France across the plain of
Woevre. There Is railway communica
tion across the plain as far as Thlau
court. From that point to St. Mlhlel J
a broken country, where the heights of
the Meuse sink down amid marshes and
woods with Isolated hills to the level of
Itatlnnys Built Swiftly.
As far as Thlaucourt the line of the
railway follows the line of tho Itupt dl)
Mad. which Is what' we call a donga, a
ravine sunk In the level plain which car
rles oft the water. From Thiamont
westward to St. Mlhlel communications
had to be made,- and the rapidity with
which the Germans carried light ralU
ways to St. Mlhlel was remarkable
This St. Mlhlel 'salient was quite the
sharpest on the whole battle front, but
thanks to the protection ot woods and
marshes our Allies never' made any ee
rlous impression upon It. The French
and Americana to-day made the first se
rious attack. They approached from
the south on a front of eight miles where
the protection of the forest is less thick,
and from the wett from the heights of
the Meuse from Knarges downward.
Half way between the limit or the ad
vances from the south and west Is Hat
tonchatel and the gap left between the
pincers at most Is ten miles. Thus there
Is, It the advance can be maintained, an
excellent chance ot Intercepting the re
treat of the garrlron at St. Mlhlel and
taking a considerable number of prison
Object Not Yet Itevealed.
It remains to be seen whether the, ob
ject of this new offensive Is simply t.hq
closing of a door half open Into France
at St. Mlhlel and the capture of a num
ber ot prisoners, with the biting off of
an offensive salient, or whether this Is
cart of a larger plan not yet revealed.
As the German advance- Into France
was crescent shaped, with one horn
transfixing Lille and the other meant to
transfix Nancy, so Marshal Foch may
be grasping these horns in the hope of
twisting the Invader back the way that
' If 'there Is any Idea ot an advance
northward' from Verdun it would be
highly desirable to get rid of the St
Mlhlel salient, widening the base for a
northward thrust. Similarly, If there Is
any Idea of an Invasion, of Lorraine over
ths Vosgea mountains, further to ths
south, J he suppression vQf this salient
Operation Is Still in Progress,
Gen. Pershing Tells Washington
WASHINGTON. Sept. 12. Gen. Pershing in his statement on to
day's operations in tho St, Mihicl sector, as received by the War
Department to-night, reports 8,000 prisoners already counted by the
American forces and says that the ofTcneivc movement- is being con
tinued. Tho statement follows!
'Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, September 12,
Section A This morning, 'our troops operating in the St.
Mihiel sector, made considerable gains. ' Assisted by French units
they broke the enemy's resistance and advanced at some points to
a depth of five miles. We have counted 8,000 prisoners up to the
presents The operation is still in progress.
JjONDON, Sept. 12. The French and German communications on
the new offensive launched by tho Americans and French in Lor
raine to-day follow:
FRENCH The American Army attacked this morning in the
region of St. Mihiel, tho operations developing under the best of
GERMAN Between thtrMeitbC and the Moselle tle French and
Americans attacked at the St. Mihiel bend. The fighting continues.
London Critics Eagerly Watch ;
Movement Toward Mctz j
EXPECT FIGHT AT VERDUN
i - i
Enemy Has Powerful Defences i
Prepared to Protect His
' ' Spteia'lPatle Deipalcfi to Tat Scs.
a ViHrflSt. Hit; nil riWfs tetttud. -t
London, Sept. 12. News of the
FrknO-Amerlr.m offensive on both lde&
of the St. Mlhtel salient, nlilch reached
London this afternoon, was received '
with the greatest enthusiasm. lor
.some weeks the British military com
mentators, as well as the French critics,
have been pointing out liat Marshal
Koch's policy of not giving the Ger
mans an opportunity to catch their
breath had Indicated the probability of
an attack bcinic made by the Ameri
can army east of Verdun.
For obvious reasons no attempt was
made to predict the sector on which
the bio- would take place, hut the prob
ability that It would be launched where
the blow actually was delivered to-day
had been serlouHty dlrcusscd
The strategical Importance of Mar
shal Foch's blow toward Metz, the great
'German stronghold on this front, li to
be seen In the preparations which the
Germans have made In the possibility
Of being compelled to give up what is
known as the Hlndenburg line before
they have reached their Wotan, Sieg
fried and Albrecht lines. The Ger
mans have constructed lines -further
back, spread out fanwlse from the base
situated between Verdun ami Metz, but
of which Met. ! the supporting pivot.
There seem to be two main reasons
for this arrangement. In the first placo
the Germans undoubtedly consider that
while they can afford to give up ground
In northern Franco and Belgium they
cannot fall back along the front In the
cast, along the Moselle, without recross
Ing. their frontier. In the second place
Germany cannot afford to let the al
lied forces advance from Verdun across
the Woevre plain too close to the Briey
Longwy district and the Metz-I.uxcm-bonrg
line without endangering tho
main source'" of her own suppplles In
the mining district of tho French and
It also Is pointed out that the' en
tire Una ot the German defence from
Rhelms to Cambral would be In danger
by a turning movement between Ver
dun and Metz, as all these lines have
their eastern pivot In tills region.
FORCE CAPTIVES TO
Germans Prepare to Flood the
I Aisne 'Valley. '
Special Cable Dctpatch to Tun Sin from the
London Tt" Service.
Copyright, lll; all rlontt referred.
Amsterdam, Sept. 12. Deported Bel
gians and prisoners of war In Germany
haye been sent to the battle front to
construct fortifications, the Telearaaf
learns from tho Belgian frontier. Pris
oners' In the camps at Holzmindeii and
Havelberg havo been Ordered to go to
BacKant, south of Maubeuge. There
they 'wero assorted according to their
orofesslons and their ability and dis
tributed to the various services,
A large group lias 'been sent to tho
Alsne Valley, to Blanzy, Avaux, Neuf
rhatel and other places north of Rhelms,
where roads and railroads are being
built, for which enormous quantities of
stone, gravel, sand and rails have been
Everything Is ready to flood the Alsne
valley north an(T east of Rhelms at
Chateau Porclan, Gomont and Bclhain
If he need arises. By vmeiis of wood
faggots dams have been put In, leaving
only a narrow channel, wjilch can be
closed at any 'time. Special bridges
have been constructed. In the hills
near Avaux", Asfeld and Belham strong
fortifications have bswt built
1918. CopyHgM, 1018, by Me Sun muffin ami J'ublisMl.0 Ajsoctntio...
- GERMAN LINE
Machine Gun Opposition to
Advance of Americans
ONE IS DISABLED
Enemy Is Expected to Make
His .Main Stand at Sec
By HERBERT BAILEY.
Special table le'Trls' Sc from Me
London Timet Service: ,
CoprrlaM, 1911; all riohlt retened.
With tub American Arsit on the
Irhaine Front, Sept. 12. The First
American Army, under the command or
Gen. Pershing and consisting of the
largest concentration of American troops
yet seen on the battlefields of Kurope,
with French units, attackei In the region
of the St. Mlhlel salient. Between the
Mosello and the Muse, at 5 o'clovu tlil
The Germans long have held the
heavily fortltled line of this salient and
expected the attack, but had no knowl
edge of the precise locality.
The concentration of American air
forces for the attack was very large. At
6 o'clock In the morning the nrtlllery
preparation opened with four rolling
barrages and nn hour later the flrst
Americans went over the top on both
Bides of the salient. The Germans
offered very little reslstanco to the ad
vancing Americans. Occasionally stray
machine gun anj automatic rifle tire
was found, but It was evident that the
enemy had withdrawn his -main forces
to the second lino, which It Is possible
he will defend with a certain degree of
Forl-fle Tanks Active.
The German artillery has been firing
behind a ridge which runs parallel! to
the American front line, but he Is being
pursued by tanks, which lost only one
out of forty-f?vc at ono point. That one
stuck In the mud. A few prisoners of
the Tenth Landwehr have been taken by
the Americans, who pressed forward In
fine atyle, slowly closing in on the cx
treme ends of the St. Mlhlel salient.
News of what has happened hits been
very meagre. I have Just visited the
battlefront and henrd the news of the
progress of the American units fighting
in the region of Monthec and Selchprcy
and the capture of several villages.
When the artillery preparation began
tho roar could be heard many miles
away. All nlslit long It rose and fell In
peculiar fluctuations. Early In the
morning, before daybreak, I went out to
the front nnd from all roads that ran
parallel to It the flashes of Innumerable
guns told of the Impending assault
Toward the hour of the attack 5 o'clock
the firing became even nio-o rapid,
and Its sullen tones mingled strangely
.with the sound of the rain.
Daw'n saw tho whole fleet of tanks,
manned by sturdy young Americans and
French, moving out of their shelters to
leucl tho attack
At ono point, near Selchprey, where
the Americans previously had fought
desperately with the Germans, machine
gun and automatic rifle fire hwept down
upon the Yanks on their right flank.
But the tanks and artillery wero quickly
moved in that direction and the Amer
icans went steadily forward.
Smoke Cnrtaln tildes Tank.
At 7 o'clock In the morning the tanks
had disappeared In a smoke cloud over
the ridge In front of Sclchpray. From
Beaumont I could see lying before me
the trenches from which tho Americans
had started through the valley In which
they are fighting.
The sun was streaming across the val
ley, casting shadows from the melan
choly wrecks of villages all around. On
my left was the black and forbidding
height of Monthei. with the tiny village
ot the same name nestling nn the side.
Meanwhile the air was rent with the
torrent of shells passing overhead. The
American gunners were manning every
possible type of gun, working with me
chanical rhythm as they loaded and sent
shells to their destination. The light
railways brought continual ruppllca for
IN NIGHT TELLS
DRIVE IS BEGUN
Whole Horizon Ablaze With
Ijonibardnient as Great
as War Has Known.
ALL U. S. BRANCHES ACT
American Infantry, Artillery
and Airplanes Used in
Spenal Cable Tietpalch to Tnr. Siv.
Copvriaht. 1318; nil right reurved.
With tub Aur.Rti'AK First Army,
Sept. 12. Hniit wns fnllins sllRlilly
hut persistently nnd the lliickp-t of
nlglils swntliod the cobbled streets
nnd crny stone building nf u fnmous
Lorraine town near the front, but
scarcely n sound vn heard nnd not
n ray of light showed when from
sonic Invisible rliureh tower n crent
bell rniiR out in one portentous
In an instant the quiet nnd xnre
were shattered by n tremendous
crush nml n great flare of llplit. T"
iho north there came more crashes
nnd moro (lashes of light until the
whole horizon was n mns of sound
nnd Klnre. It wax 1 o'clock, the
morning of Septemltcr 12. nml the
beginning of the grent American of
fensive In Lorraine, tlic end of which
no man ran foresee.
Thousand Cstnnoii spraK.
f thousand cannon massed on the
American front between Frebncs,
southeast ot Verdun, and. the Jtfosellc
Ulver were scfidlng tothb 'encrnj the
first terrible heralds of what wits to
come for four hours. Down tho street
there was tho sound of wheels nnd of
horsfes' hoofs nnd then of the feet of
marching men. I'nseen columns pJscd.
nnd a voice called through the rain.
'Forward1" Those men were follow
ing up the messages from the cannon
In the first big attack by the American
First Army on the soil o Europe.
. Tlie Infantry attack began at 5
o'clock this morning, when, tinder the
personal command of Gen. Pershing
and in the presence of Secretary of
War Baker, American troops leaped
from thole trendies and rushed toward
the German lines in n series of Franco
American coordinated nttacks Involv
ing the entire St. Mlhlel salient from
Les Kpargcs, south ot Verdun, to
Feyenhaye, west of I'ont-a-Mousson, a
front all told of thlrty-flvo miles.
With them at tome place went old
friends, veteran French troops fight
ing now as part of thn American First
Army under Gen. Tershlng's command.
They wero followed In some places by
fleets of tanks, while overhead hummed
b!g flocks of airplanes, many of which
were American, some of them equipped
with Liberty motors. Behind the In
fantry great guns continued to roar,
sonio of which wero American made
Is an AH Amrriran Attuck.
In short, through the valuable holp
received from the Allies, this Is an all
American attack. It is planned and
controlled by American staff officers,
and the American troops participating
represent every part of every State In
the Union and every clement of the
great American army, from the veterans
who have been tried in the fire to the
men who have known only the quiet
Never did Infantry have better pro
tection In the attack, for the greatest
concentration of aircraft the west front
has ever seen was accomplished here,
and the number of cannon staggers
the Imagination; It equals the greatest
aggregation employed in some of the
greatest French attacks.
At this moment all the particulars of
the attack cannot be given, but It can
be said that while the entire St. Mlhlel
Continued oil Second rage.
Fund Gifts' Touch
"RECEIVED your most wel
come and wonderful gift
of tobacco and wish to thank you
n million times for your thought
fulness of us boys Over Here.
Tobacco i.i ;no of our great
needs and in our position it is
very, very hard to got. It
touches the heart of every soldier
to know that the people of tho
U. S. A, are still thinking of
them. Thank you again."
So writes Joseph Paliaflto,
Battery A, Fourteenth Field
Artillery, to n SUN Tobacco
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors. See
First Army, Aided by French, Falls;
on Enemy From the Meuse
to the Moselle.
TEN. VILLAGES, 1,500 MEN TAKEN; "
ST. MIHIEL WON; ENEMY FLEES,
Five Hour Bombardment by 1,000 Guns Opens
Battle-r-Germans, Unable to Make Stand,
Falling Back Toward Metz.
Kpecial Cable Despatches to The .Si:n-.
Copyright, 1914; ifl riff hit reserved.
PARIS, Sept. 12. Driving forward over a front of
thirty-five miles, from southeast of Verdun to west of Pont-
a-Mousson, the American First Army in two great bodies, with
French troops in the centre, launched the great offensive,
which many military critics believe is destined to break tho
power of the Germans in France, probably in Belgium also,
and may have even greater and more far reaching con
sequences. The entire operation is under tho personal direc
tion of Gen. Pershing and for the first time an all American
battle has been begun. '
According to the latest information here while the'
Americans attacked on an eight mile front extending from
Fresnes southward along the western side of the heights of
the Meuse, this movement was of but secondary importance
to the principal attack which was delivered on the southern
side of the salient, on a front of about twelve miles between
St. Mihiel and Pont-a-Mousson. Here the American troops
in the first few hours of fighting had advanced to a depth of
nearly five miles, capturing the important town of Thiau
court, the junction point where several light railways con
structed by the Germans to feed the interior of the salient
connect with the standard railroad from Metz.
More Sections of Hindcnbiii-g'
Line Captured in Drive
HAVKINCOritT TS TAKEN i
French Continue Their Opera
tion for Possession of St.
London. Sept. 12. Although the great
blow of Marshal Foch against the Ger
man defensive system In France as a
whole was launched to-day by the
American First Army In the St. Mlhlel
district, there was no letup In the "t-j
riniiuim un till: iiuiii .3 ......
flcardy. On the contrary both the
British and the French made Important
gains and the drive there is developing
In the best way that can be expected
under the prevailing weather conditions.
In this respect the operations differ
radically from tho tactics of the Ger--mans,
who always, when they shifted
an offensive, slowed down the original
operation to' the minimum. Marshal
Foch refuses to allow the enemy to
get a moment's rest anywhere.
In their drlo arbtind Camhrai to
day the British ea p&rrd Trescaut and
penetrated Into the old llrltlsli trenches
north and east of it The New Zen
landers made further progress east of
Gouseaucourt Wood and captured the
village of Havrlncourt. In an attack
across tho Canal dti Nord, north of
Havrlncourt, the llrltlsli took the vil
lage and a section of the old Hln
denburg line between tho village and
North of the Ilnpaume-Cambral road
they completed tho capture of Moeuvres
after a sharp tight. In these opera
tions 1,000 prisoners wero taken. In
fighting last nlRht Atllly, Vermand nnd
Vendelles were taken. In the north the
llrltlsli made further progress south of
la Bassee Canal and northwest of
Iteports In regard to the French op
erations Bouth of the British sector are
I delayed, but there Is reason to believe
mat tncy also continued tneir yirogress
In the process of encircling tho ,Kt. Go.
haln massif, the Impregnable German
stronghold that guards l.aon and the
Ohemln des Dames.
PERSHING ENLARGES STAFF.
Chief of Infantry and Chief
By the Sitocialtd rrtH.
American IIeadqi aiiters in Fhance,
Sept. 12. The offices of chief ot tho
Infantry nnd chief of cavalry of the
American Kxpedltlonsry Force have
Just been established by Ocn. 1'crshlng.
Both officers will be members of Gen.
Nominations for the two new posi
tions have not yet been made.
THK NATIONAL CITY COMPANY
New OWre 5H Fifth Avenue
Rtpert nlyil of one's lnclmenti
should b obtsintd occasionally as a matter
ef precaution. Our servlcta are available
IT SHINES FOP, ALL
PRICE, TWO CENTS.
The nrtlllery preparation, in Uileli
more tlinn n thousand cannon wero
used for about four hours. Is ald to
have Ihh-ii as severe n tiny known m
this war. When the ground had been,
sulTleieiitly prepared the infantry
smarmed out of their trenches nml
made n dash for Hie (ieriuan llni".
,At Ul' cm.1 ,,a-v Americans
had attained all llielr
some of them a considerable llina
ahead of the schedule ; hnd taken
probably lll.OOO prisoners, of wlioui
8.000 had been counted, and ollirialiv
reported, raptured about a dozen ul
lages and were In excellent i,itlott
lo continue llielr 'advance to-morrow,
Knrmy Is In Harried Pllulit.
The (lenniins are In hnrrhO llight
from the St. Mlhlel pocket they
have learned to dread the salients of
which formerly they wero so proud,
for they have learned that when .Mnv
rthnl Foch begins to drive in on tha
shoulders of a pocket and at the,
same time in put pressure wn rlia
1oIl,t ilwy ,.,. fm.lnp ,) xm. ,.,nl4a
In the present ease It is difficult:
to see how the (iermans can e.-cipt
such a disaster, notwithstanding that
thoy can gin pretty accurately
what Is lmpjieninK In them. The le--rillc
casualties which they have suf
fered In the last eight weeks la
Picardy nutl Artois had to be mad
up, and the only way to do It was tn
draw men from ihe iiiet sectors.
When tills proee.-s had Bone .suf
Ileleiitly far to weaken those fectm-l
Marshal Foch decided that the proper
moment for the. great blow had ar
rived nnd to-day he struck.
Cooperation In Complete.
All nfcouuts iiRreo that the nrt!U
lory preparation simply overu helmed
Iho tiermnns in tho advanced pol.
tlons, Tho tanks, smoke nereens ami
airplane squadrons flying low all co
operated with the givntost efficiency.
There was no hint of any slip oil her
In preparation or execution. rJl
American losses have lieen extraonh
In front of tho advancing troops
were cavalry patrols, some ot whl It
are reported to liavl reached the out
skirts of Vlgncullcs, In the middle ot
tho chord of the salient and five nvWi
beyond tho furthest Infantry advance.
This report, If true, menus that thl
Americans have smashed In com
pletely tho southern face of the sallrnl
and now are approaching Its centie.
Many rouds feeding the fronts id
tho salient pass through Vlgueullel
and the (iermans west and south ol
thnt place are In a trap from vlurli
they will huvo crcat dllllcult) in
escaping, na their retreat Is cut olti
while t lie French on the point of the
salient and the Amotions on the west
and south nro pressing them hard.
At tho point of thn pocket the Frencfc
nro reported to have captured till
Mlhlel, a dagger point ul the henrt u
Franco since the early days of tin
A further advance; by the America!
vf tlif. 'I.', ..r