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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, September 15, 1918, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST.
Fair to-day; to-morrow partly cloudy)
moderate shifting winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 7a; lowest. s.
Detailed weather reports on last pn.
IT SHINES FOR ALL
VOL. LXXXVI. NO. 15.
44
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1918.--&w. ". " printing and punuhmg Aocuitu,n. 64 PAGESv
PRICE FIVE CENTS
In Greater
New York,
PERSHING PRESSES ENEMY ON HIS NEW LINE;
GAINS A MILE; CAPTIVES MAY TOTAL 25,000;
FOCH STRIKES ON AILETTE, MENACING LAON
LENINE AND, TROTZKY
BETRAYED RUSSIA TO
EARN GERMAN BRIBE
V. S. Obtains Documents
Showing Bolshevik Heads
as Berlin Agents.
PLOT AGAINST AMERICA
First Seven Panel's Unfold
Financing of Revolt to
Rend Slavs.
TEUTONS PLANNED WAR
Heady to Strike and Grab Ter
ritory Beforo Present Con
flict Began.
(pedal Despatch to Tni Sex.
Washington. Sept. 14. Proofs that
lenlne and Trotxky are paid German
agents and that the Bolshevik revolution
as arranged and financed by Germany
re laid before the world to-day by the
I'nlted States Government In the first
mstalment of an amaxlng series of of
ficial documents disclosed through the
Committee on Public Information.
They show not only how the Imperial
Hank of Germany paid Its gold to Le
' me, Trotxky and their Immediate as
sociates for betraying Russia Into the
lands of Germany, but give added evi
dence that Germany was perfecting her
plans for world conquest In June, 1914.
everal necks before the assassinations
at Sarajevo furnished a pretext for
starting the war.
Herman Prc-AVr Plots Bared.
The documents were obtained by Ed
rr G. Slsson, special representative of
'ht Committee on Public InfoVmaUo'riln
Uussia last winter, and other American
irents. In their sensational nature they
I'mott rank with the Zlmmermann note
proposing war by Mexico and Japan
ir3lnct th. TTnltArl (Mat.. 1
" - ' a
Thev nrove that before the world war
"ad progressed four monthti and more
.han two years before the United States
as drawn Into It, Germany was al
ready setting afoot her plans to "mobll
ie destructive agents and observers" to
auee explosions, strikes and other out
'&es In this country, and recommended
lie employment, of "anarchists and es
taped criminals"' for this purpose.
They show that the treaty of Brest
l.'tovsk was a betrayal of the Russian
ttople by the German agents, Lenlne
and Trotxky: that a German picked
ornmander was chosen to "defend
I'etrcgrad against the Germans; that
Jerman ofllcera have been hecretly re
eled by the Bolshevik Government as
ullltary advisers, spies upon the em
assies of Russia's allies, officers In the
Russian army and directors of the Bol
fcevik military, foreign and domestic
wllcles.
Defrayal of Russia.
"They show In short," says the Com
mittee on Public Information, "that the
present Bolsherlk Government Is not a
Russian Government at all, but a Ger
man Government, acting solely in the In
terest of Germany and betraying the
Russian people, as it betrays Russia's
natural allies, for the benedt of the Ira
nrlal German Government alone.
"And they show also that the Bol
shevik leaders, for the same German Im
rerUl end. have eqbally betrayed the
working classes of Russia whom, they
pretend to represent."
Thero are aoout seventy documents.
Many are originals, annotated by Bol
shevik officials. A majority of the others
"e photographs of originals, showing
annotations. They corroborate a third
"t of typewritten circulars of which
only two originals are possessed, but all
of which tit perfectly Into the whole pat
tern of German Intrigue and guilt. Some
of the information set forth is not new,
but attains new significance as revealing
the llolshevlk plotters' complete under
standing of all that Germany was trying
to do.
The first document is a photograph of
report made to the Bolshevik leaders
y two other assistants, saying that In
accordance with their Instruction there
had been removed from the archives of
th Russian Ministry of Justice the
order of the German Imperial Bank al
lowing money to Comrades Lenlne,
Trotzky and others for the propaganda
"I Peace In Russia, and that at the same
'irrw all the books of .a bank In Stock
holm containing these accounts had been
audited and "delivered to Comrade Mul
Itr. who was sent from Berlin."
I.entne Revealed as Traitor.
This report Is Indorsed by Lenlne,
'th his Initiate, for deposit in the "se
' ret department of the Bolshevik files."
The authenticity of the report Is sup
ported oy Document No. 2, which is the
o'tclnal of a report sent by a German
Oneral Staff representative to the Bol
'h'.vik leaders, warning them that he
had Jn-t arrested an agent who had the
original order of the German Imperial
Hank referred to In Document No. 1,
and pointing out that evidently "at the
Proper time steps were not taken to de
Mroy the above mentioned documents."
Two Incriminating German circulars
sre mentioned In Document No. 3 as
having been transferred from the Rus
"' to the German secret service In
t'elrograd. The document jlqr the orig
inal protocol, signed by Several Bol-
' ;
(C'onKniud on Ttntjt Page.) ,
Interallied Naval
Council Sits in Paris
pARIS, Sept. 14. The Inter
allied Naval Council as
sembled at the Ministry of
Marino yesterday under the
presidency of Georges Leygues,
the French Minister of Marine.
Great Britain, the United
States, Italy and Japan were
represented and the naval, at
taches of the allied nations
accredited to London, Paris and
Rome wero at the conference.
SOVIETS TRIED
TO TRAP ENVOYS
Threats Made to Entente
Diplomats After Promise
of Freedom.
AMERICANS PUT IN JAIL
Bolshevik Leaders, Prompted
by Germans, Sought to Ob
tain "Concession.
By the Associated Press.
Stockholm, Sept. 13 (delayed).
Events In Russia which Immediately
preceded the surrender of Entente allied
Interests In Soviet Russia to the Minis
ters of neutral countries were presented
to the outside world chiefly through Bol
.ihevlk and German mediums. The En
tente Consuls were without communica
tion with their Governments and conse
quently their side of the case was not
fully stated during the crucial days of
early August, when conditions became
so unsettled that they decided It was
necessary to place the lives and property
of their nationals under the protection of
neutrals.
The real break began July 29, when
Premier Lenlne declared In a Moscow
speech :
"We are at war with the Anglo-French
Imperialists."
Posters reiterating similar statements
were displayed all over Moscow and
great uneasiness was felt by all the
Entento cltlxens because of the threats
made In the Bolshevik press against
them.
Entente Consul Alarmed.
The Entente Consuls asked Foreign
Minister Tchltcherln If the Soviet Gov
ernment regarded Itself at war with the
Entente Allies and told him that premier
Lenlne'a statement must necessarily be
regarded as a declaration of war unless
It was officially denied. After consider
able delay Tchltcherln replied:
"The Soviet Government is not mak
ing war on the peoples 'of the allied
countries and does not recognize Inter
national law."
On August C the French and British
Consuls and their staffs and many mem
bers of the military missions of the two
countries were arrested with about 200
British and French civilians. Including
many women. On August 7 the Consuls
and other officials were released, but
the cltlxens were held.
Being unablo to communicate with
their home governments, and being un
certain of their freedom, the Entente
Consuls Immediately turned their affairs
over to the representatives of neutral
countries and asked for their passports.
Later they also asked permission for
their nationals to leave. In the mean
time some Englishmen and Frenchmen
wero released and others wore arrested.
Klirori Held Prisoners.
Minister Tchltcherln then agreed to
let tho Entente officials and cltlxens de
part If Maxim Lltvlnoff, the Bolshevik
representative in London, was permitted
to leave England, but he delayed and
proposed new conditions repeatedly.
Finally he refused flatly to permit the
British and' French to go, notwithstand
ing the insistence of the neutral diplo
mats. Norman Armour, secretary in charge
of the American Legation at Vologda,
was arrested there and taken to Moscow
under guard. Roger E. Simmons, a for
ester connected with the American
Bureau of Forestry and carrying an
American diplomatic passport, was ar
rested at Vologda and transferred to a
Moscow prison, wnere ne was neia in
,-ommunlcado two weeks before being re
leased. These were the only Americans
arrested before the American, Italian
and Belgian party leu Moscow on au
gust 26.
Not more than fifty native born Amer
leans are now left In Soviet Russia.
Most of these have resided there for
many years ana are unwilling to leave
the country. The Americans were not
ordered out by DeWItt C. Poole, the
American Consul-General, but were
given an opportunity to leave.
UiwtvirM.u Kant 1 4. Ttntshfivlk
forces, according to telegrams received
to-day from Moscow, are reponea to
have captured Simbirsk, on the River
Volga, 10S miles southwest of'Kaxan.
Their cavalry Is pursuing th counter
revolutionary forces.
46,000 M0REU.S.
TROOPS LANDED
AT FRflNCH PORT
Gen. March Announces 15
Ship:
ips Arrive in Day and
Will Return at Once.
HINTS FUTURE OFFENSIVE
Names Col. Drum and Other
Staff Officers Who Made St.
Mihicl Plans.
Special Despatch to Tni Scs.
Washington, Sept. 14. In his weekly
talk with the newspaper correspon
dents to-day Gon. Peyton C. March,
Chief of Staff, hinted at a continued
offensive) on tho Lorraine front, de
claring that the elimination of the
St. Mlhlcl salient furnished a better
base for "future offenslvo operations."
Gen. March paid high trlbuto to the
work of Gon. Pershing and his men In
reducing the St. Mihicl salient, using
these words:
"This salient was cut off by the
American Army In less than two days.'
parts of Thursday and Friday, by
quick, sharp, blows on both flanks. ,
"On the south flank our troops ad
vanced alqng a ten mile front between
Xlvray and Fey en Haye up through
the undulating plain of the Woevre.
On the west flank on an eight mile
front they advanced across the heights
of the Meuse, a ridge which , Is six
miles wldo.and broken by deep branch
ing ravines.
"By the evening of the first day the
south flank had been driven In five miles
and the north Hank three rViiles. By
evening of the seJondrJny (Friday) the
salient hud been wiped out."
In connection with later comment on
the high spirits characterising the
American forces. Gen. March said:
'The quickness and rapidity with
which they handled the fight at St.
Mlhlel Is attributed not only to the fine
staff work which brought it off, but the
Individual soldier himself. It Is hot
StUfT." y
Knlnbovrs Probably In Fluht.
Specific details Have not yet been re'
celved which permit announcement of
the particular American divisions en-!
gaged In the St. Mlhlel drive. It Is i
hinted In unofficial reports from abroad
that the Forty-second (Rainbow) Dlvl-J
slon has again distinguished Itself in
this fighting, but definite Information
on this f core Is lacking.
It Is posslnlc, however, to give the
names of American staff officers and
others who have handled the St. Mlhlel
movement under Pershing's personal
command.
These officers forming the staff of tho
First American Field Army are Col
Hugh A. Drum, Chief of Staff; Lieut.
Col. Jens Bugge, Lieut-Col. Wllley
Howell, Col. Robert McCleave, Lleut.
Col. John L. Dewltt. Lieut. -Col. Lowts
H. Watklns. Major-Gen. Edward F. Mc
Glachlln. Chief of Artillery; Col. Joseph
F. Barnes, Adjutant-General; Col. Jacob
C. Johnson, Inspector-General; Lleut.
Col. Blanton Wlnshlp, Judge-Advocate;
Major George Luborff, Chief Quarter
master; Col. Alexander N. Stark, Chief
Surgeon: Brlg.-Gen. J. J. Morrow, Chief
Engineer: LleuL-Col. Parker Illtt, Chief
Signal Officer; Col. Edward P. O'Hern.
Chief Ordnance Officer; Col, William II
Winters, Chief of Motor Transport
Corps; Col. William Mitchell, Chief of
Air Service.
As these officers aro all Identified with
the St. Mlhlcl drive credit goes out to
each and every one of them. The names
of fighting units and other details will
be made known later on.
War Plnns Moving nt Hlsh Speed.
"In connection with the military pro
gramme," Gen. March said, "there has
appeared In tho public press an Intima
tion that there Is some talk that America
Isn't going through with this war. That
of course Is preposterous In Its falsity
at a time when we are asking tho Con
gress to give us an Increase In tho age
limit which will carry every available
man 'over there' and upon the polht of
asking for more than seven billion
dollars more for the military programme
this year. And with everything moving
at the highest speed It Is Inconceivable
that any such propaganda can be con
sidered seriously by anybody. America
Is going through with It.
"The Increased programme calls for
lacreased effort In France. Increased port
facilities, &c, and I have here a cable
gram which Indicates the way things
are going over there In that respect:
" This afternoon 35,000 men came
ashore at one of our base ports and
11,000 more will be off beforo noon to -
mnrrnw. Fifteen shins came In at m
o'clock this morning, out of which twelve
, - j i t. ... .
were unioaucu umi win un reauy 10 re
turn to-morrow before noon.'
"The system Is so well -organized that
those great masses of troops are han
dled and the ships returned In this very
short time."
A. K. F. M'nnli tl.OOO Girl Clerks.
Paris, Hept. 14, Miss Elsie Gunther,
chief of the female labor bureau of the
American Expeditionary Force, has gone
to the United State to recruit 5,000
American girl clerks to release, men for
military service, Miss Qur.ther will sek
to enllbt collets girls. ,
25,000 Captured in
St. Mihiel Salient
Special Cable Despatch to Tns Sex.
Copyright, 1111; oil rights resened.
UTITH THE AMERICAN ARMY
TT IN LORRAINE, Sept. 14.
The rounding: up of German pris
oners caught in the St. Mihicl
salient is about completed and is
estimated at 25,000 or there
about, when count is made of
the Germans bagged by the co
operating French troops.
Tho total of numbers was in
creased by counter attacks in the
region of Thiaucourt, all of which
were repulsed by the American
patrols led by Major William
Donovan and Capt. William Mc
Kenna of New York, both of
whom pushed north to St.
Bcnoit, where they made heavy
bags of- prisoners.
Major William J. Donovan 1 a
battalion, commander of the 105th
Infantry. James A. McKennn Is
Captain of Company f) of the lGSth.
ENEMY PINNED
FAST BY FOCH
Marshal Deprives Germans of
' Superior Mobility They So
Long Enjoyed.
TOO MUCH KISK IN SHIFTS
British Military Writers Sec
His Besolution to Beat Foo
to Standstill.
Special Cable Dttpalch to Tnc Scs.
Copyright, 1911; all rights reserved.
London, Sept. 14 Apart from the
Immediate results ofthe cutting off of
the St. Mihiel sallen British military
commentators seo In the Amercan oflen
livo another demonstration of Marshal
Foch's determination to fight thi enemy
to a standstill.
These writers use the word "stand
still" In the sense that the German high
command can no longer shift ita crack
troops and reserves generally from
point to point to meet Intermittent
dangers. Allied generalship, it Is felt,
has pinned them down to fight where
the' now tand. depriving them of the
reat advantage of suterlor mobility
whlch they enjoyed so long.
As " ,s a matter of common knowl-:
-lge that more than two-thirds of the!
man sirengtn on me western irunL
is aisiriDuiea oeiween jineims uuu m i
English Channel, the significance of the
operations In force undertaken by Foch
east of Rhelms Is apparent. The Ger
mans dare not weaken other parts of
their front to rcenforce the threatened
sectors.
Compulsion to neact.
The apparent strategic effect of the
American attack consists of the com
pulsion to which It subjects the fnemy
to react with all his available strength,
because the menaco to Mctx with the
great system of railroad communications
which radiate from there Is too serious,
too pressing to permit Ludendorff to fol
low any other course.
The same conditions confront the Ger
mans southwest of Cambral, where they
must oppose the British pressure at all
costs or else evacuate Cambral. which
would Imperil their line southward. An.
other sensitive point Is the region La
Faux, where unless the Germans hold
on at whatever cost their grip upon the
entire St. Gobain massif becomes Inse
cure, thereby Imperilling Luon. which
Is the hinge of the German positions
northward to St. yuentln and eastward
toward Rhelms.
Another phase of tho reasons for the
attack on the Kt. Mlhlel salient Is that
It Is part of the policy of providing ne
cure positions from which the decisive
campaign which Foch plans may be
launched. The systematic carrying out
of this policy involves tho elimination of
every position from which the enemy
himself can threaten an offensive action
and tho acquisition of those positions
which will assist the allied offensive
when Foch decides that tho moment fot
It has arrived.
IiOKlral Development,
Tho logical development of this policy
would suggest' that Marshal Foch IntendH
t 10 pry me nermann uui 01 m, uuphui
, and the heights dominating Hhelms for
their continued presence there remains
i menace to the Allies which might he
serious If they were to feel again capu.
ble of taking the offensive.
The Immediate results of the blotting
out of the St. Mihiel salient Includes the
shortening of the allied lino by twenty
, miles and the decreasing of tho distance
to Metx to less than twelvo miles, which
is within long distance big gun range,
Conflans, an Important German railroad
! Junction, Is also now within range of
the heavy guns, and Ilrley, centre of
Kreat lron ne,d8' ls I,ow on,' a mt,e
i mnr. IVinn tw.ntV mll!l RWIIV.
more than twenty miles away.
Ono hundred and fifty square miles
of French territory have been delivered,
the greatest area that has been won
back In a single day's operation.
AUSTRIAN PATROLS REPULSED.
Rome, Sept. 14. Austro-Uungarlan
patrols which attempted to approach the
Italian lines on Monte Corno, In the
Orappa region of the mountain front,
were repulsed by Italian Are,
A statement Issued to-day by the War
Offlce deals with the futile attempt
NEW BATTLE
MAY DEVELOP
INTO BIGGEST
Petain's Troops Advance
Between 1 and 2 Miles
and Capture 2,000.
MOVE TOWABD ST. GOBAIN
n:i i ,.e n it.t.....
i mam ui uim iiiiiu imciir.t'S
North of Aisne Imperilled
by French Drive.
I.ONOOX, Sept. 14. Pursuing his
policy of clvliiR the hnrnssed Ger
mans no rest nnil no chance to shift
trooiis from one threatened front to
another, heretofore tho stronijest re
liance of the Kaiser's Generals, Mar
shal Foch struck n new blow to
day, which may develop Into the most
Imporlnnt of all.
At dawn Gen. I'etaln't? men ad
vanced on both sides of tho Allette
Hlver and between (he Alsne and the
Vesle. Hy noon the French army
had captured Mont des Singes and
the illnRcs of Allemont and Snncy,
had reached Vullly. on the Alsne, nnd
had advanced generally lietween one
and two miles on an eleven mile
front, taking about 2,000 prisoners.
The direction of this attack, to
ward the forest of Coney nnd the
Mttithorn edge of the St. Oobaln mas
sif, is highly significant. It In a
direct menace to Laon, the most Im
portant Junction point held by the
Oermnns In this part of France and
one of the pillars of tho old Hlnden
burg line. It also curries further the
encircling movement against the St.
Oobaln massif, too strong to be tnken
by direct assault, ntl If carried only
a Utile further will make the Chemln
des Ilames position of the Germans
untenable, as It will be effectively
flanked.
IllutT nt Vltnl Defence!.
Of even greater Interest are the fur
ther possible developments. Tho cap
ture of tho St. Gobain forest would be
followed very soon by the fall of Laon
and La Fere nnd the whole defensive
system of the Germans In this part of
France would bo left with Its ends In
tho air. ixh the British are advancing
strp by stop in their sector far to the
north as the French progress In the
south.
On Its face the movement by the
French to-day suggests that It may be '
tho beginning of the great blow to
which all the other operations In
Flanders, PIcardy nnd Artois have been
only tho preliminaries, and It now
seems within the' possibilities that if
this operation docs develop In that
way. the Germans will be compelled to
withdraw from all of northwestern
Franco and possibly western Belgium,
and for the llrst time It appears that
this may lxs accomplished before win
ter puts a stop to military operations
on a large scale.
Such reports as have been received
from the French front Indicate that
the German counter attacks on the
Alllette have been rather weak, although
German prisoners say that their orders
were to hold at all costs.
British Mnke Progress.
North of tho scene of French activity
the British continued to make progress
both In the Kt. Quentln and the Flanders
sector. Several counter attacks were
made by the Germans, but none of them
succeeded. In the middle region, north-
Continued on Second rage.
Do They Want Smokes?
Just Read These Cards
"JJOW did you fellows fruess
that we needed tobacco?
We sure did' and aro very thank
ful." "Before we left the U. S. A.
wo were very doubtful about the
various tobacco funds, but since
arriving here havo completely
changed our mindtt as wo have
been more than liberally supplied
and especially by THE SUN To
bacco Fund, Please accept the
sincercst thanks of three sol
diers." The first of tho foregoing
cards was addressed to the boys
of Lawrenceville School, the sec
ond to Miss May Edler. Other
fellows Over There give their
opinion on page 1, Section 6.
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
President Congratulates Persuing, While
King George Praises St. Mihiel Achievement
'Special Dtipatcfi to Tub Sun.
"WASHINGTON, Sept. 14. The highest official commendation nnd
praise was given Gen. Pershing and his soldiers to-day when
President Wilson sent a cablegram of congratulation for the Ameri
can Field Army's signal success in wiping out the St Mihiel salient
an achievement in many respects without parallel since tho beginning
of tho war. The message reads:
Please accept my warmest congratulations on the brilliant
achievements of the army under your command. The boys havo
done what wo expected of them and done it in the way wc most
admire.
We are deeply proud of them and of their chief. Please con
vey to all concerned my grateful and affectionate thanks.
JONDON, Sept. 14. King George has sent a message of congratula
tion to President Wilson on the victory won by Gen. Pershing in
the St. Mihiel salient as follows:
On behalf of the British Empire I heartily congratulate you on
the brilliant achievement of the American and allied troops under
the leadership of Gen. -Pershing in the St. Mihiel salient.
The far reaching results secured by these successful opera
tions, which have marked the active intervention of the American
army on a great scale under its own administration, are tho hap
piest augury for the complete and I hope not far distant triumph of
the allied caasc.
Premier Lloyd George has sent the following message from Man
chester to Gen. Pershing:
I desire to offer to you and your brave armies heartiest con
gratulations on your great victory.
The enemy has made many mistakes in this war, but none
greater than when he underrated the valor, determination and in
trepid spirit of the brave soldiers from the great democracy of the
United States. Now that he has tested the mettle of the American
armies, the enemy knows what is in, store for him.
' The news came to me on my sickbed. It was better and in
finitely more palatable than any physic.
GERMANS HIDE
MIHIEL DEFEAT
Newspapers Attempt to Mini-
mizo Importance of Per-
sliing's Achievement.
SERIOUS LOSS ADMITTED
One Correspondent. Implies
Possibility of Betreat From
Chemin des Dames.
Amsterdam, Sept. 14. A m. -'Hty of
the German newspapers are attempting
to mlnlmlzo the advance of the Ameri
cans at St. Mlhlel. but the Berlin cor
respondent of the Cologne Voiles Zeltung
admltB that "It Is true the American at
tack was marked by certain losses in
prisoners and some guns on our part."
The correspondent adds significantly :
"Even If an attack on our position at
the Chemln des Dames should succeed,
or If the supreme army command should
rive up this area for other reasons, this
would no longer havo any fclsnlilcance
for the strategical position, even If It
were the mRtter of an area which has
been so hotly fought over as the Chemln
des Dames."
The Frankfort Zcltting remarks: "It Is
h pity that tho way things happened gives
our enemies, especially the Americans,
the chanco of representing the evacua
tion of tho St. Mlhlel salient as a con
siderable tactical success as oncw link
In the chain and all the moro so be
cause, according to American reports,
our loss In prisoners appears to be not
Inconsiderable."
Tho Cologne Qaictte, nfter saying that
careful preparations had been made look
ing to the possibility of evacuation, and
new positions to close the angle nt Its
base line hail been constructed a long
time ago, ndds:
"The withdrawal of tho advanced
troops was tho most dtfllrult task that
had to bo performed, but the enemy's
plan to cut them oft failed and all got
back without loss worth mentioning to
their new positions, which run from
north of Combres Hill directly In a
southeasterly direction to thn Moselle."
Tho Khenith WeatfacHsche ZtUung
says; "The enemy's preparations for the
nttnek had long been observed and the
retirement was effected without disturb
ance by tho enemy,"
MARINES LANDED AT AM0Y.
Janineie Destroyer Also Arrives
Oft Fll-Chov.
By the Anociattd Fret:
Tekin, Sept. 9 (delayed). A Japanese
destroyer has arrived oft Fu-Chow and
British marines have been landed at
Amoy to allay panic In those cities due
to tho approach of the southern rebel
forces.
A l'ekln despatch of August J7 said
that rebel forces hail gained successes
against the Government troops near
Amoy, In the province of Fuklon, and
that consequently the Government troops
In tho province were In a dangerous po
sition. Fu-Chow, one of the treaty ports. Is
the capital of the province of Fuklen, on
the Mln Itlver thirty-five miles from
Its mouth. It has a population of more
than 700,000. Amoy, 150 miles south of
Fu-Chow, has mora than 400,000 Inhabitants.
"
RING OF STEEL
ENTRAPPED FOE
Meeting of American Patrols
in Vigneulles "Was Dra-
matic Incident.
' MABKED CLOSE OP FIGHT
- Germans Looted Two Banks in
! St. Mihiel and Burned
i
Many Buildings.
Br haymo.'i a. t'Aiinoi.i..
Special Cable Deipatch to Tns Scs oni the
, Pithlic Ledger.
Copyright. 1918: nil right referred.
With tub American Army in
France, Sept. 14. Vigneulles, a small
French town six miles directly north of
Mont Sec on the Iorralne front,
achieved Its place In history at 5
o'clock on Friday morning when n mem
ber of nn American patrol, In the misty
vnll that hung over smouldering ruins
of buildings that had been set atlrc by
tho retreating Germans, challenged a
shadowy outline approaching slowly up
.i narrow street.
The soldier was not quite sure, but
his sergeant had told him to watch out
for Americans of another division than
his own.
"Go slow with that rifle of yours,
Buddy," said a volco which enme from a
second American soldier whoso mush
room helmet was now recognizable
through the mist. "We Iicat you to It
by some hours. Got In hero shortly
after midnight."
CIonliiK of the lllnic.
Tills Incident marked tho closing of
the Franco-American ring of steel
around thn Germans left In tho St.
Mlhlel salient and the zone cast of
tho Mcuho Hlver to thu north.
Curiously enough It happened not n
long way from Sedan, whore the great
battlo was fought In the s.imo month of
September Just forty-eight years ago.
One American division driving north
ward to the east of t!t. Mlhlel and
another American division pushing
southward from tho upper edge of the
salient had met, stopping up the top
of the bag shaped area that appeared
on tho map as the now obliterated
salient. All this dovetailed with the
effort of French units which wero press
ing hard upon tho west and south of the
bag.
Thus tho two republics shared the
glory of extracting the enemy thorn
from tho side of Verdun and taking
thousands of prisoners. Thoso Germans
who did not get out before tho American
units converged at Vigneulles were
caught llko rats In a trap. Less than a
week ago tho following enemy divisions
wero In the area now enclosed by the
Americans and French: Eighth Land
wchr, Thirteenth Landwehr, Thirty-fifth
Austro-IIungarlan ; Fifth Landwehr and
tho Thirty-first. Tonth. Soventy-seventh
and 192d regulars.
Included In the profit of the whole un
dertaking, aside from the enforced evac
uation of the Ht, Mlhlel salient, was the
elimination of tho German mennce
against Nancy, the release from enemy
fire of the railroad connecting Nancy
with Commercy and the similar freeing
of railroads and canals along the Meuse
Valley and the putting of tho French
Iron mines around German held Ilrley
Continued on Second Pag.
F.llfivn Suliniit nf St llillill
Cleared in 27 Horn's by
Americans.
AKE K0W CLEANING UP
Total Advance of 13 Miles
Recorded by Straighten
ing Out oMiine.
NEW BETIKEMEXT BEGUN
Germans Begin to Fall Back
East of Verdun as Besult
of Blow by Americans.
Special Cable Deipatch to Tin Sex
Copyright, 1018: all rights reserved.
I'akis, Sept. 14. It Is believed
here that the extent of the American
achievement In Irrn!nc nnd tho
unprecedented feat of (Sen. Pershing
In clearing the great St. Mlhlel
salient, which hnd withstood all w
snults for four years, In Just twenty
seven hours, as ls now revealed, with
n capture of prisoners officially re
ported nt 20,000, but which It Is be
lieved will tx close to if not quite
2.",O00, Is much prcaler than the of
llchil reports Indicate.
While the official reports Indicate
and the Germans assert they nro
standing on tho new lines, Informa
tion received here Is that the Ameri
can forces nro pressing the Germain
In these new positions very hnnl, so
hard Indeed that there Is likely to be
n crack at any moment. The Ger
mnns nro fighting desperately to hold
on, but the suddenness of the nttnrf:
and tho great losses they suffered
have severely shaken their power
of resistance, while tho American
troops, flushed with victory, will sim
ply not be gainsaid.
Advance of Mile -Mnilr.
The only retirement shown defi
nitely to-day was In tfu- neighborhood
of Chatlllon, almost due east of Ver
dun, nnd a general straightening of
tho line across what wns the south
sido of the old salient, which made a
general ndvnnco of perhaps a mllo or
so; tho maximum depth of the ad
vance Is put at thirteen miles.
In adAtlon to tho number of pris
oners captured, which Is believed to
constitute a new record for tho tlnv.
a very largo quantity of Runs and
nil kinds of military material was
taken. No attempt hrm leen iTiudn
yet to list this booty. The number
of guns so far counted exceeds sixty
and probably will run above 100.
Tho Paris newspapers are devoting
much space to the American ilrlvu and
continue their enthusiastic conimesiti.
Some of them ask If the offensive Is to
bo limited to tho Immediate object of
reducing tho salient and liberating the
Toul and Verdun railway line or whether
It Is a prelude to other action. Till
more ambitious are m iking maps to
show Metz and the Brley-Imgwy Iron
fields, while editorial ur'.lctcn recall
Germany'a feur of losing tlice vll.il dis
tricts, of which the Kolnlsche '.citung
said In 1916:
"The narrow belt of territory con
tained In tho Hney basin an itnpoitant
guarantee of our military Indi-pendcnca.
We require Uiley."
l.nrKrr Operntlniis Kxperteil.
Although nn extraordinary sm.nl
amount of detailed nc hn been al
lowed to come through from the Verdun
region, the opinion among the peoplo
here Is general that the reduction of tho
fit. Mlhlel salient would not h.ive be(n
undertaken by Marshal Foch except m
an Intermediate or preliminary step to op
erations on u grander scale and Iho morn
optimistic are not dlspofed to set anv
near ltmlti on the ultimata results which
may bo achieved.
K very body hern now Is nbsolutely cer
tain that the Americans will do and do
well whatever task ls tot for then
Since till, brilliant drive about t.
Mlhlel the feeling In regard to tho Amer
ican troops has been much Intensified,'
and to-day hundreds of soldlirH In tho
American uniform In tho streets of ParN
were stopped by strangers who Insist! d
on shaking hands with them.
Stars ond Stripes, Iho newspaper of
the American expeditionary force, has
obtained several proofs that German sol
diers have been made, to believe that tho
Americans aro n kind of wild Indian
fighters who kill, torture anil abusi
priaonera. Thero can bo. no doubt that
this Idea has been systematically spread
In the German army.
ThonKht They Were o lie Shot.
It was only a coincidence, Stnr.i and
Stripes says, that fifty captured Gei -mans
before being taken further on
their Journey to camp weie llnid up re
cently In front of some newly due
graves, but the Germans did not know
it; they thought they were about l
be shot and thrown Into the, gruw
end all became ghastly pale In the
face of their Imagined end.
One German, quaking with terror
held out his Iron Croan and his pocket
IkioIi full of coins In nn effort to pin
chaso his life and made mi Impas
sloned If somewhat excited plea on bo
half of his wife and family.
On another occasion a couplo ct
dozen of German prisoners were
quartered for the night in a cave used
by an American patrol. As they were
i
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