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Clearing and cooler to-day; to-rriorrow partly cloudy; fresh southwest winds. Highest temperature yesterday, 63; lowest, 53. Detailed weather rt porta on U(t page. tin. IT SHINES FOP, ALL VOL. LXXXVI. NO. 36. NEW YORK, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1918. Copyright, im, by the Bun Printing and PublfMng AiioelaMon. 66 PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS N?vSriT. GERMANY ASKS SUSPENSION OF WAR NEW CHANCELLOR SEEKS A PARLEY WANTS ALLIES TO FIX PEACE TERMS TNT BLASTS CAUSE DAY OF TERROR; JERSEY QJJAKES SO MILES AROUND; N. Y. BRIDGESAND TUBES CLOSED America's Greatest Munition Disas ter Costs Probably 50 Lives, JL 50 Injured and $30,000,000 in - Property Damage - EXPLOSIONS ARE STILL CONTINUING; TWO AVIATORS INSPECT RUINS Five Barges of TNT and Largest Mag azine Escape Ignition Projectiles4 Rain on Country Big Exodus of Families Recurrent explosions, at irregular intervals, through Friday night and all of yesterday, made the destruction of the T. A. Gillespie & Co. shell loading plant at Morgan, N. J twenty-nine miles from New York, America's greatest munition disaster. , Each of the "big explosions'' which, as distinguished from a peppering series of little ones, quaked thy earth for fifty miles in all directions, flattening the town of South Am boy near by, breaking window glass so far away that house holders were unaware of the cause, meant that one of the thirteen units of a great ahell finishing factory covering 2,300 acres or a carload of, loaded shells had blown to pieces. Last night most of. the 100 frame buildings of this mush room powder; commanifcyi were an -utter ruin. A plant where 21,000 shells a day have been filled with the high explosive, trinitrotoluol, or TNT, was destroyed. - Twenty-clght hour after the flrst detonation, that Is to sny nt midnight, explosions still were occurring at In tervals of three or four minutes, though none of them was severe. At that hour. It was discovered that that there still wero a number of refugees in South Araboy, and trucks were sent from Perth Amboy, manned by volunteers", to bring them out. Estimate or Casualties. The loss of life is estimated by Mr. Gillespie as between i nnd 50 , ami tne numoer oi lujurm m iva sllily loO. For an nccldcnt if accl ilent It was of this magnitude, the human casualties nro comparatively flight. From the standpoint of America's interest in the war the outstanding; fnct Is the source of 21,oA big gun shells a day, which were lightered from Morgan to ships mid so sped on their, way to the bat tlefields, is suddenly cut off. But it will be restored swiftly. The War Department announced yesterday that the moment the Are still searing the ruins of the plant is put out nnd the debris cleared away rebuild ing will begin. So If any person thought that by touching off the Gillespie factory he could seriously impede the flow of mnnlllmm In Porshlnir's nrniv. he Is , mMaken. And big as It was, this, factory was only one of n myrlatt 1 that are engaged In Its kind of work A worse explosion than nny that had occurred wus feared. In nn underground magazine along the bank of Checsquake Creek, which flows through the 2,300 acre plant at Morgan, were said to bo -stored 100 tons of TNT. On flva barges moored In the Rnritan River were between GOO nnd 1,000 tons of the hellish stuff. There was danger on two counts: that the Are might spread to these stores and touch them off, that shells which were fly Init al) over that part of New Jersey might do the trick. The resulting explosion would be frightful. Two Aviators Inspect. It was because of this dangers well as tho explosions that were ac tually occurring at tho plant In a sort "f drumfire, that the Government al lowed no civilian to get within five miles of the Gillespie wreck yesterday. However, late In the afternoon two. aviators, taking their lives In their hands, braved In an airplane the wicked currents and cross-currents of superheated air that ascended from the pyre and circled above and all around it. Aa well as they could see 'hrough the smoke and fumes and flame It appeared that the under ground magazine and the barges were (Continued on Tenth Page.) MORGAN PLANT WILL BE REBUILT At ONCE Contract for Reconstruction Awarded to Gillespie Firm. Special Denateh to Ta Sex. Washington, Oct 5. While the fire and series of explosions were at their height at the TNT plant at Morgan. N. J., the division of construction and the Ordnance Department of the army finished the discussion of the details of Unt and the contact was awarded to T. A. Gillespie. Sons & Co. The work of reconstruction will begin at once, the War Department announced. Laborers are being moblllied and will start work Just as soon as the fire Is ex tinguished and danger from further-explosions la past The contractors' or ganlzatlon Is on tlie ground and ready to begin operations. The work will be done under the supervision of the di vision of construction and will .cost be tween 5,000.000 and $10,000,000. Chairman Baruch of the War Indus- tries Board authorizes this statement: Munition nlants In the United States are not fire traps and are weU provided against nre haxara, accoroing io a. re oort submitted by W. II. Merrill, chief of the fire prevention section of the War Industries Board. To date Inspec tions have been completed at 1,811 mu nition plants, and these show conditions good at 1,395, plants; fair at 171'; poor at 162 and bad at 83. Improvements have been mode at 195 plants ana atartrd at 407 other nlants. v, "Inspection- . u"rYddmonal lantB The reports cover conditions ex isting In respect to lire hazard In pri vately owned property where material, machinery or supplies used for war pur poses are manufactured, handled or stored." GERMANS MAN RUSSIAN SHIPS. 2Vevr Naval Units Added lo Central Powers' III aclt Sea Fieri. aubterdau. Oct 5. The Russian battleship Volga and a number of other nvt unit completed during the war, which have been under German control. have been manned by the uermans in agreement with the Moscow Govern ment, according to a despatch from Berlin. , The forces of the Central Powers In the Black Sea by this move, It Is added, receive a considerable reenforcement for protecting the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus. VENIZEL0S THANKS FRANCE. Allied Vlclorr Marks New Era, Ileplles Clemencean. Paris, Oct, 6. Premier Venlzelos of Greece has telegraphed Premier Clemen ceau expressing the admiration and grat itude of Greece for the help given by the Trench In the recent fighting In Macedonia. The sacrifices made by the allied sol 4Lr. he added, attest the solidarity of the great and small nations hungering for liberty "which Is the precious pledge of the future peace." In reply M. Clemenceau said he thanked regenerated and reconstituted Greece for aiding In the fine victory In the East. The allied victory marks the beginning of an era of Justice, he added. 6 HYLAPERYOUS, STOPS TRAFFIC Worst Jam City Has Ever Had Follows His Alarm Over Wild Report. TIEUP LASTS 3 1-2 HOURS Action Taken on Humor of Im pending Blast of Great Magazine. New York city suffered from an ag gravated attack of nerves yesterday af ternoon. Rumors that the fire at ,Mor gan was approaching a large store of TfT the story went that It was any where from 40 to 180 tons caused an apprehensive Mayortto Imagine all sorts uf dire effects upon this city. So by his order traffic of all kinds across the bridges was stopped and no trains were permitted to run through 'the Interborough tunnel, the Hudson tubes or tne Pennsylvania tunnels to New Jer sey or to Long Island. The result was probably the greatest Jam In traffic that has ever been seen here.- Not, only were those held on their way home alarmed, bu the news of an Impending disaster that had made It necessary to take such extraordinary precautions spread radldly throughout everj- borough. I Arterlea of Travel Closed. From 2:20 until nearly 6 the big arteries of travel were closed. They were opened only after the receipt of re assuring advices from South Amboy. The telephone wires were Jammed with messages to home warning rela tives and friends that a terrific explosion was about to occur, and Imploring them I "'" ' ' h to take all necessary precautions. In!'" Ime' Preparatory to evacuating the many cases women and children left 1 their homes and sought open places In the streets and parks. The most widely circulated report was that the local authorities had received word from Washington advising that the bridges and tunnels be shut down as a measure of precaution, because It was feared that a further explosion, much greater than any that had occurred, would take place any minute. Gen. March, Chief of Staff In Wash ington, as soon as he heard of the yarn authorised the statement that he had made no request or suggestion that the bridges and tunnels be closed down. But his denial never did catch up with the original story. Efforts to place the responsibility for the scaro developed the Information from Grover Whalen, secretary to the Mayor, that the Mayor had taken the responsibility of shutting down the bridges and tunnels after a telephonic . converaatlon with Fire Chief Kenlon Secretary Whalen Explains. After traffic had been resumed Secre tary Whalen said the Mayor had taken action on being Informed by Chief Ken lon that there was danger of another great explosion, which might do serious damage to this city. Secretary 'Whalen said he did not know where the Fire Chief was when he was talking, but he presumed he was at the scene of the fire. It was soon after 2 o'clock when the Mayor communicated with Chief In spector Daly and ordered him to shut off all traffic on the bridges and to make every preparation for serious conse quences of an explosion. He then got In touch with Acting Chairman Whitney of the Public Service Commission and asked him to have all travel through the tunnels stopped. "Mr, WTialen told me," said Commis sioner 'Whitney, "that the Mayor had learned from the Federal authorities that there was danger of another big explosion and asked that the traffic In the tunnels be shut off as a matter of precaution. I supposed that some Fed eral official at Perth Amboy had com municated with the Mayor and I Imme diately took steps along the lines sug gested. The Brooklyn, Manhattan, Williams burs and Quecnsboro bridges were closed about 2 :30. Not only was all railroad and vehicular traffic stopped, but no pedestrians were permitted on the structures. Traffic was resumed on the brides at 5:41. At 2:26 Commissioner Whitney began calling up tie traffic managers of the Interborough, Hudson tubes and Penn sylvania Ilallroad and In three-quarters of an hour not a wheel was turning un der the East or North rivers. The In terborough turned Its Brooklyn trains back at the South Ferry loop. The trains of the Pennsylvania and I.ng Island were held In the station In Man hattan or on the New Jersey or Long Island shores. At 6:19 the order went out to resume traffic' In the tunnels, hut It was hours before the tangle of trains was straight ened out. "It was fortunate," said Commissioner Continued on Tenth Pogt. ENEMY GRIP ON GAWBRAI FAILS Fall oi City- Near as British Cross Canal on Eight Mile Front. FIRES MARK . RETREAT Douai in Flames and Other Towns and Villages Evacu ated Being Laid Waste. Sveclal Cable Pupate to Thi Sex. Copvrtshl, WlJi all rightt reierved. London, Oct. 5. Another day of hard fighting north of St. Quentln, where the rearmost defences of the Ulndenburg system were breached on Tuesday, ended In a further-British advance, which as It extends northward will compel the Germans to give up their last hold on Cambral, which they have been defend ing tenaciously against attacks on three sides The British made new progress to day near Montbrehain and Beaurevolr and now are east of the, St Quentln Canal oh tho whole front of eight miles between I Catelet and Crevecoeur. They have driven the Germans from L Terrlere plateau, two miles north of St. Quentln. which they took together with part of the Ulndenburg system In that vicinity. About 1,000 prisoners wero taken. Prom this soetinn nn far north as the Vi... Inl.lt 1. T ) -1 I . ar anntvlflf! very heavy pressure before which the Germans slowly are clvlng ground. Be- hind their front the German, are J astattng the country as rapidly as they can, apparently trying to do as much Mowing- Up Supplies AliOi Doual Is In flames and new fires have been observed In Cambral. Scores of smaller places in that area are burning and explosions are heard everywhere aa the Germans blow up the ammunition and stores that they cannot take with them. In the Belgian sector the French. Brit ish and Belgian troops are working with the British advancing from Lens, and are striking In the direction of Turcolng and ltubalx. These blows at the north ern end of the German defences, In con nection with the Franco-American ad vance northward from the Alsne wut of Rhelms and In the Champagne and the Argonne, have placed the Germans In tho loop south of Cambral In a most serious position. All these separate movements are com pletely coordinated and have a meaning, the significance of whch begins to be understood In the report that the Ger mans are preparing to abandon the en tire Flanders coast and already practi cally have ceased to use Its ports for naval purposes and are moving their heavy guns Into the Interior, Fixed Defence Being Lost. Possession of the country around Lille and Doual, with La UaBsee and Lens as points of support covering it on the west, gave the Germans the strong est defensive position on the western front. The retention of this area always depended first on holding the Yprcs ridges on the north and secondly on the Impregnability of the Ulndenburg de fences to the south. The Allies' thrust north of the Lys Is sweeping away the fixed defences and changing the character of tho fighting there Into open warfare, making It nec essary for the Germans hastily to In crease their forces In the Flanders sec mr rnlncldentallv the British between Cambral and kt. Quentln broke up the Ulndenburg quadrilateral there. Thus threatened on both flanks In the central oo.tltlons, this sector became so dan gerous that the Germans found It Im perative to withdraw, giving up L,ens and La Bassee, but with every Indication that they Intend to hold on to Lille and Doual as long as possible. The Allies' penetration In the Lille sector and also between Cambral and St. Quentln, Joined to the loss by the Get mans of Challerange, an Important road centre west ot the Argonne, and the Franco-American pressure In the Cham pagne, have brought on the Contingency which the Hlnaenburg defences were constructed to avert. The German armies In the loop from south of Cam bral to the Meuse now are In the gravest Jeopardy. There are six of these armies. They comprise maro tnEn half of the total strength of Germany on tne west ern front, and they are dependent to a great extent on the Belgian lines of Conllnued on Second Page, YANKEES GAIN 3 MILES WORE Sweep Forward and Capture Many Villages in Fierce Fighting GERMANS ABE DESPERATE Offer Stern Resistance Continuing Attacks in the Argonne. to Paris, Oct. 5. American troops at tacked again this morning between the Meuse and the Argonne along an ex tended front. The advance at some points has reached more than three miles and several villages have been taken. The American forces are now In contact with tho last defences of the Brunhlldc line, represented by the woods between Brlculles and the Meuse. The enemy Is reported to have re moved the long distance guns that were protecting the railway Junction of Vouzleres, six miles north of Mon tholc. The French War Offlce report to night Indicates that the German re treat beforo Gen. Gouraud'a army, supported by the Americans on the right, Is slackening perceptibly. The French reached Bethenlvllle this after noon, which Is about three miles north of Maronvlllers. The massif at the latter place has been taken. DRIVE BACK BOCHES IN ARGONNE SECTOR Americana Co Ahead Despite Ferocious Opposition. Bu the Auociattd Preti west of Vkrdun, Oct. E.-Flghtlng with all the ferocity of the - of the war the Germans did their utmost to-day 10 onng 10 a nail me American uucn- - - , , t,.-,.i. u slve. Early this morning and In the : kf Pe" alk K,oln.sn b'CaUSC U forenoon the Americans pushed forward J ls to her advantage lo d o through a blanket of fog a yard at l" ls, "J1""1 hete 'he. time, and later -In the day when the I ,he" ingenious peace feelers Is bound mists lifted they drove forward a fur- considerable notice In the ther distance against the German line. States and In Entente countries Almost no change has been made on ! but It is believed that the public will the right near the Meuse. but on the left J "n bcom umJ l theso effusions, the operations of the French west ot the Is probable that the State Depart Argonne Forest and the Americans on ment will be Informed later through th .t d.flnort mnn Monriv t)i Kalti-nt , diplomatic channels of these latest moves In which the enemy mill has a consider- ' vi. i , i i i lurio upiiuaiMK uie siuicritttus, wjiv ..,. riii.. rinrin th r,,r.t at ir.ao.hlne run n sts Again the Germans concentrated their greatest effort on the centre In an at tempt to prevent the swinging upward ot their lines, to a point which would en danger yet further that part of the army! left In the Argonne Woods. Although the artillery action of the Germans to-day was terrific the volume was greater j than yesterday there was a notable1; reduction of aerial effort. Only occa- tAMnit.. .11.1 tu. !. the challenge ol- the Americans to-day. and even a bombing expedition to Lan - dres-et-St. Georges, where moro than two tons of bombs were dropped, did not develop resistance, " The contrast In the forenoon was not trla and had no official Information con surprlslng because of the low visibility, oernlng developments reported to be Im but conditions In the afternoon were ex- n,n,iinr i. h Teutonic camualm for cellent and full advantage was taken of them by the French and Americans, who , ,)rop08als wln contmue to come, carried out a hundred missions, ranging' . , , , ,ii,, ,. ,.,, from simple observation to bombing the though, and there Is no doubt here that back areas. The theory of the aviators 800"cr or later a8 11,0 rcat ak, of Is that the Germans have adopted a driving the Germans out of Belgium policy of conserving their airplanes, and France progresses the Teutonic al uslng them to great extent only on Hance will crumble and seek such terms cloudy days, such as yesterday. On as were given Bulgaria. In tho mean cloudy days they can fly by compass ' time every offer and suggestion Is re above the clouds, swooping below them garJeil as nothing moro than a con when occasion demands, then disappear- ' tnuation 0f the long waged peace of Ing above almost Immediately nnd so UniAvt.t tor the recent reorganliatlon of escaping all but momentary observation. Twenty Germans nttempted a local Confirmed on Third Pc 'r. Soldiers' Post Cards Best Propaganda A DONOR who received one at the crucial moment when she hesitated to give again or buy thrift stamps couldn't resist its appeal and the soldier won. Following a batch of these cards, short in language, but long in gratitude, there is always u boost in the receipts of THE SUN Tobacco Fund. Sports, theatres, animal shows and more block parties arc among the entertainments slated for early dates to boost the fund. Read of your opportunity to help without being hurt on page 1, Section C. WARNING! THE SUN TO BACCO FUND has no connection with any other fund, organiza tion or publication. It employs no agents, or solicitors. CAPITAL COOL TO GERMAN'S MOVE Washington Too Busy, Offi cials Say, to Talk Terms of Any Sort With Berlin. ANSWER ALREADY GIVEN Called Ingenious nnd Desper ate Scheme, and Is Not Taken Seriously. c Special Dupatch to Tax So. Washington, Oct. 5. Reports that Prince Maximilian, tho new German Imperial Chancellor, had proposed the suspension of hostilities and the initia tion of peace discussions were re ceived In Washington to-night. The State Department has had reason to believe that the most desperate and Ingenious of Germany's peace propa ganda moves were about to be launched, nnd to-night's unofficial des patches bear this out. These des patches were communicated to officials to-nlirht. but brought no other re sponse than that "something of this j sort was fully 1-xpectcd." The outline of terms which Prince Maximilian Is said to be ready to dis cuss and the report that he Is ready to consider President Wilson's fourteon points In no way affect the situation. It Is explained. The United States Gov ernment. It Is added, Is not going to enter Into dlscuraton of terms with the German Government no matter how In geniously the" Teuton diplomats approach the subject of peace from thl angle. President Wilson in his last speech made It very clear, it Is, pointed out, that this Government vu not Interested In terms. Officials therefore do not care particu larly what sort of terms Prince Maxi milian wants to discuss. The fact of the matter, according to the best avail- I able Information here, la that tho United I States Is now too busy bringing real ! ""JT.T.L.coZ e!derat,on , Qtrmany tcrma ot Germany obviously Is trying I In Ber'ln. But there appears to be no rhnnr vhiinvir that this Government 1 will take them seriously, though It is very probable that the sham and trickery by which Germany now seeks to escape the colls of Justice may be exposed. NO PEACE OFFERS REACH WASHINGTON Withdrawal From Occupied t .. TU . !. Drmlhlm ' "" a I ... ""J S, . ! Wasimnoton. Oct. 5. The statement ' as authorized otllctally late to-nigm that the American Government hau re celved no new peace proposal from Aus- ... .... n,...ion. the German cabinet Is not regarded as indicating any real change of heart in Berlin or as making the actual masters of Germany any more worthy of trust. ' Think Armistice Possible. Prince Maximilian's predecessors, leading through various shades of ar i rogance and concessions, down to Von 1 Hcrtllng, could not humble themselves itoJho point of dealing with the enemy on the basis of confessed defeat for the ' German arms. In the official view here 'Maximilian hopes to find a way to save ' Germany from this abasement without completely abandoning the idea of a negotiated peace. Analyzing the propositions which he Is expected to make offlrtuls find that they are In general a combination of the Ideas bet out In the Reichstag resolu tion of July, 1917, with those of Count Burian, the Austrian Foreign Minister, and with some Concessions demanded by the Social Democrats at their latest meetings. Itexarillng the first, looking to an Immediate ausupenslon of hostili ties. It Is suggested that an armistice might be granted, or rather a suspen sion of attack by the Allies agreed to long enough to permit the Central Pow ers to effect withdrawal of their mili tary forces from all occupied territory but even In such cane, adequate guar- Continued on Second Pagt. Prince Maximilian Proposes to Reichs tag Request for Immediate Cessa tion of Hostilities and Des patch of Plenipotentiaries. 1,1 1 $ BARON BURIAN TO AUSTRIAN FEDERATION PROPOSED League of Nations, Self - sian Frontier, Autonomy for Alsace-Lor- ' raine, Indemnity to Belgium, Restora tion of Colonies Asked by Max. AMSTERDkM, Oct. 5. The immediate suspension of hos tilities has been proposed by the new Imperial German Chan cellor, Prince Maximilian, in the Reichstag, according to the Berlin correspondent of the Tijd. The Entente Allies are to be asked to state their terms. The Chancellor's proposal embraced also the despatch of plenipotentiaries to a neutral place to discuss the question of a league for national arbitration and disarmament. The plenipotentiaries are further to be empowered to discuss the creation of a Federal Austria, the right of self- determination for Russia frontier states, the restoration and indemnification of Belgium, autonomy for Alsace-Lorraine and the return of the German colonies. The terms of the Entente Allies will be asked at the same time, with the object of forming a basis for the consideration of these important questions. Other advices say that the Chancellor has not yet made the statements credited to him regarding the suspension of hos tilities, the appointment of plenipotentiaries and the request for the Allies' terms, but that it was understood he would make such proposals. A Berlin message received early to-day said : "The unexpected summoning of the Reichstag is due to the fact that the new Chancellor has an important statement to make to the people and the Parliament regarding peace." The new peace note of Baron Burian, Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister, will assert that all of President Wilson's terms have been accepted, according to a Vienna despatch to the Frankfort Zeitung, which is quoted in the Dutch press. The note will be published immediately. On September 14 the Austro-Hungarian Government invited all the belligerent Governments to enter Into non-binding discussions at some neutral meeting place, with a view to bringing about peace. Two days lRter Presi dent Wilson rejected the proposal, saying that the American Government had made Its position and purposo so plain, having repeatedly stated the. terms upon which peace would be considered, that It would entertain no proposal for such a conference. Baron Burian. the Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister, in announcing that he was not surprised nt the reception of his pence note, asserted that It had already produced remarkable phenomena and would do so stlll.more In the near future. Rumors have been prevalent in Vienna political circles that the For eign Minister would soon send a second note to tlie belligerents, which would contain more precise statements. Sweden to Be Intermediary. PARIS, Oct. 5. Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey have resolved simultaneously to ask President Wilson to make representations in their interest for a general armistice and negotiations for a general peace, according to a Berne despatch to the Havas Agency. The Austro-Hungarian Minister at Stockholm has been charged to request the Swedish Government to transmit to President Wilson a proposal to conclude immediately with him and his allies a general armistice and to start without delay negotiations for peace. This announcement follows: "The Austro-Hungarian monarchy, which has made only defensive warfare and has borne witness several times to its desire to put an end to the bloodshed and conclude in honorable peace, proposes by pres6ntation to President Wil son to conclude immediately with him and his allies a general armistice on land, on sea and in the air and start without de lay negotiations for peace. "These negotiations will be based on the fourteen points in President Wilson's message of January 8, and the four points of his speech of February 12 (February 11), 1918, and those equally of September 27, 1918." Willing to Accept Wilson's Conditions. Bv the Aitodalrd l'rrn STOCKHOLM, Oct. 5. Prince Maximilian of Baden, tho new German Chancellor, is willing to accept President Wilson's fourteen peace conditions, according to reports received from Berlin by circles closely connected with the Foreign Office here, even though this for many reasons may not be thoroughly demonstrated in his statement before tlie Reichstag. In transmitting this despatch, the Berne correspondent of the Havas Agency says: "Germany and Turkey must take the same step as Aus tria. Meanwhile the semi-ofiicial news agency at Berlin withholds the news, evidently awaiting the meeting of the Reichstag, which will be held this afternoon. "The Imperial Chancellor. Prince Maximilian, certainly will make an important announcement in the Reichstag, which has assembled four days in advance of the regular time. "The action of the Austrian Government has been pre- RENEW HIS PLEA; Determination of Rus i r t V- (tn-r-t-? Jt';'M- - "