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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, October 21, 1918, Image 1

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Fair to-day; fair and cooler to-morrow;
strong northwest winds. ,
Highest temperature yesterday, 60; lowest, 47.
Detailed weather report on last pace.
25,000,000 IS
$244) Is Average Amount
TaUcn by Each In
Aggregate 3ales "Will Not Bd
Known Until Middle
of Week.
There were 25,000,000 Individual sub
scribers to tho $6,000,000,000 Fourth
Liberty Loan, according to Indications
noted at Washington as tho stupend
ous tank of recording nnd tabulating
subscriptions goes forward. Tho aver
nf Investment was $240, according to
thl. estimate.
A large proportion of the subscribers
fl.el their subscriptions during the last
fw days of the campaign, which ended
st midnight Saturday, so that It will be
i task of many days to count the total
mibscrlbed and the number of pledges
for the entire country.
Desplto the lack of definite Informa
tion, officials at AVashlngton were con
fident yesterday that the J6, 000. 000,000
popular war credit had been oversub
scribed, because of knowledge that ad
Tinea promises of large sums from
Important financial Interests In New
Tork and elsewhere would be found to
be fulfilled ' when the final count Is
nanka to IXcpor Thnradar.
Banks have until Thursday to tabu
late their subscriptions and report to
the Federal Ilesetva .Bank. loA that
definite figures are not expected
until late In the week. In fact. Treas
ury omclals last night declared It might
be two weeks before the , results for
the wholo country are known, particu
larly If the number of subscribers runs
u high as present estimates.
At the New York Liberty lioan head
quarters It was aald yesterday final fig
ures would not be available for several
4aa. Even when these are tabulated
the results will be forwarded to Wash
ngton and the public will have to wait
lor official announcement from there.
fter the heat of battle had cooled
off yesterday the thought uppermost In j
the mtnds of all who had taken a prom-
. . t ...... , fact 1
lneni part in me cmnimisu -
that the nation had been able In three
weeks to raise the sum of six billions
of dollars. The bankers and members
of the Liberty Loan Committee who
have well defined Idea as to what It
means to raise gigantic1 sums of money
believe that the raising of the Fourth
Liberty Loan in three weeks should go
down in history aa the greatest achieve
ment ever accomplished by a natron
ven in war times.
Small Bond Bhorr Work.
Considering the magnitude of the Job,
financial Interests, after careful thought,
bHee it would not bo fair to consider
the loan a failure even If the desired
objective had not been reached, owing
to the fact that the campaign had to be
waged in tho face ot an epidemic of In
fluenza and peace notes.
The extent to which the canvassers
?or the loan went Into every nook and
corner where It was thought a dollar
looking for employment might be found
may bo gleaned from the fact that ap
proximately 8,000.000 small bonds,
mostly in J50 and J100 denominations,
will be distributed to Investors. Many
of these will receive two and three small
bonds each, having subscribed through
two or three, different channels, but the
showing ts considered most gratifying
iufo approximately elOOO.OOO pieces
rt issued in the Third Liberty Loan.
: ''rtv Ixjan headquarters at the
Equitable Building states that there
Krr- about 4.500,000 subscribers in the
Tedial Ileserve District of New xqrK.
o whom thesci S.000,000 bonds will go.
" 'n other words, most persons will
r moro than one bond. Tills also tends
'o gi- o color to the belief that after
rrmk'ng an Initial subscription many
rers .ns took up the cry of "Double tho
Third'" and bought again.
the Iat hours of the drive the bat
ri tih of wealthy -corporations and In
4 'ilia's were called upon to perform
duties, but everywhere can be
i hear stories of the wonderful patriot
f o.. ifeMed by the poorer classes.
' llornor, member of 'William A.
f- o . and chairman of the follow
.nlttco of tho Liberty Loan that
' ' t ea'cH and Induces people who
" P'lxljrcn at public meetings to make
' n' ajments on their bonds, declared
'iv that ho was astonished at the
r-i' mm of tho very poor classes,
rub Women Keep Pledges.
'. thing that made quite nn Impres-
-n me," ho said, "was the patriot-I-
. . f women who went out to work by
" '! 1hoe who did washing and
'he a who cleaned offices In large 'of-
'.'iingn. Reports have, been unl-
vr frnni members of the force that
Ji'fn tho pledges that these
oinlthitandlng that they might
- "d a Liberty bind pledge after
j o n Mlrrlng patriotic address.
' r molr wo-d aa good as Uncle,
'j'-nd nnd are mnklng the first
no k of the follow up committee
been very heavy, because It
r rtt eiKht lo reventy-lwo hour
l '"daro, after being filH, reaches
'. nf tnurd on fourth Pate,
Apartment House Owners
Will Be Forced to Fulfil
Heat Clause in Lease.
"Warning Issued of Anthracite
Shortage Vaccine for
Men in Shipyards.
Epidemic Situation 1
Told in Figures
sunnar.jjatuniar, Dec. Inc.
Manhattan 2.092 j.sn
The Itronx 418 cor
Brooklyn ..v l.Hl l.aos
Queens ...i 215 CM
Richmond lit Ml
Totals 4,i30 4,!73 tU ITS
Sunday. Saturday, Dec. Inc.
The Bronx..
Brooklyn ...
Queens .....
Richmond .
Totals ....
1 1
... f.5
M 111
Influ. rneu.
Influ. Pneu.
Manhattan 1ST
The Bronx 30
Brooklyn 133
Queena tt
Richmond ti
Totals 4DI :il
Total deaths Sunday, CM.
.Total deatha Saturday, III.
Decreaae. in.
Total number of Influenza cues reported
since beilnntnr of epidemic,. ej.ltl.
xoiai numoer or aeaina irora insnema
neu since Decinmnr oi epiaenuc.
Total number of nneiimonla caaea r.
ported ulnee btxlnnlnr Of epidemic, I.4T.
Tot ll number of deaths from pneu
monia reported since berlnnlnx of
epidemic. 4.015.
To prevent the spread of lnflucnxa,
Dr. Royal H. Copeland, Health Com
missioner of New York city, has de
cided upon drastic measures to compel
landlords to heat apartment houses. The
Commissioner will send out his officers
to-day with Instructions to arrest land
lords who have refused to supply their
tenants with heat. Of course this step
can be taken, as DV. Copeland ex
the Ian
yesterday, only In cases where
dlords have agreed, wider terms
or their leasing contracts, to furnish
"We have no power to make a man
put a flro In his house," said Dr. Cope
land, "but If the landlord haa entered
Into a contract to furnish heat we can
and we will take action. If a lease
provides for heat and the landlord re
fuses to furnish such heat, he Is guilty
of a misdemeanor under Section 223 of
the Sanitary Code, which reads:
" 'It shall be the duty of very person
who shall have contracted or undertaken
to heat or to furnish heat for any build
ing or portion thereof, occupied as a
riAma fa nln M v-aal rlnnra n f nnn fir
more persons, or as a burtnes9 establish-'
ment where one or more persons are cm
ployed, to heat .or to furnish heat for t
. !-. I -,,.1. V.l,llnv nr- ,
if P e U ; T Z Y
portion thereof, so that a minimum tern-
perature of 68 degr, Fahrenheit may
be malntaiped therein at al such times.
Provided, however, the provisions ot this
section shall not apply to buildings or
portions thereof used for trades, busi
nesses or occupations where high or low
temperatures are essential and unavoid
able.' Will Fat Ordinance to Teat.
VWe Intend to put thlB ordinance to
a teat. It probably will be rainy to
morrow, and It is important that neither
well nor sick persons shall be forced
to live In chilly or damp houses. Warmth
Is especially essential for those who am
convalescing from an attack of Jnfluenxa
and are Just out of bed.
"I have received over 100 letters and
telegrams to-day from tenants complain
ing of the situation. Some landlords In
making new leases havo cut out the
words 'and heat,' and the tenants who
sign these leases have no redress. But
there havo been a number of cases called
to my attention where old tenants, hav
ing leases calling for hoat, have come, to
the anslotanco of their less fortunate fel
low tenants and make the complaints In
their names. The landlords will have
to furnish heat In, this emergency, and
they might as well know It now as at
any other time.'1
One caso called to the attention of the
Health Commissioner concerned the pre
dicament of a chief commissary steward
from one of the warships who came
ashore two days ago after nerving for a
year and a half In foreign waters to
find his wife and two children suffering
from Influenza, One child was in a dy
ing condition. He applied to his land
lord for heat, but his request was re
fused. In compliance with orders he had
to board his nhlp yesterday without be
ing able to do anything further to al
leviate tho suffering of his family. Dr.
Copeland will make a thorough Investi
gation of this case.
OOO Miners Mtrlrkrn.
Ill the face of Dr. Copeland'a cam
paign to warm up tho city, however,
came a discouraging report from the
anthracite region to the effect that
23,000 pilne workers and their families
(, Continued on TuilftK Page.)
American Fighters Win
Commendation of Chief
Bit tht Auociatcd rrtu.
GIUM. Oct. to. The following
message has been received by
the commander ot the American
corps fighting on the British
front from the Chief of Staff of
the American, Expeditionary
"The Commander in Chief de
sires you to convey to tho officers
and soldiers' of your corps his
appreciation of tho magnificent
Qualities which have enabled
them against powerful rcsistanco
to advance more than ten miles
and to take moro than six thou
sand prisoners since September
Americans. Root. Out Guu
Nests nnd Clear Bois Ifnppes
of Enemy.
Lt. Bcrnhcimer Braves Shells
and Bad Weather to Make
By the Auoeialfd Prttt.
With the Amemcax Armt North
west or Verdun, Octt 20. By shoving
ahead here and there the American line
to-night resta across the Freya defence
position ot several places, the Americans
on Sunday having made alight advance
on tie northern edge of the Doft de'fian
.theville and In the region ot Bourrut,
both ot which points are touched by the
Freya line.
After an artillery preparation the
Americans cleaned up the Bols Itappes.
taking more than eighty prisoners. Most
of the resistance encountered was from
German machine gun nests. There were
artillery outbursts at Intervals during
the afternoon.
The American consolidation work was
confined almost entirely to Loges Wood.
On the right of the wood, after on artil
lery bombardment of two and a half
hours, the Americans began the task
of driving the Germans from Rappes
Wood. Fighting continues In the vicin
ity of Grand Pre, the Germans still of
fering bitter resistance.
German counter attacks are becom
ing more and more Infrequent, and lt Is
learned that instructions have b.en la
sued to the Germans not to undertake
counter attacks unless they are posi
tively assured of success.
German Attack Itepnlard.
. A German attack In the region of
Grand Pre was repulsed. The Ameri
cans, for strategic reasons, at first gave
a little ground, then ruahd forward and'
wcPt he Germans oft their feet.
I The German artillery shelled the en
tire district, including Belle Joyeuse
farm and the woods to the wrath and
between there and Grand Pre. Fierce
throughout Sunday
ne' American,
, J . UDB.hsnd;
Night flying patrols over the Ameri
can lines have been Inaugurated. For
the first time on Friday night two
patrols, consisting of five machines,
were sent out from northwest of Verdun
to the region of St. Mlhlel for the pur
pose of searching out flying Germans,.
The Americans went over the German
lines and drew fire from nntl-alrcraft
guns, but did not encounter the German
filers they sought. Low clouds were
encountered over the enemy lines and
the Americans returned after two hours
of flying.
l'lnne Wine Plrrreil.
Lieut. !.uls Bernhelmer of New York
city pilot, and Lieut. Ralph Bagby of
New Haven flew over the enemy lines
to-day despite a downpour of rain, ob
taining valuable information, owing to
the mist and rain they were compelled to
descend to within 3 JO feet ot the ground
In the region of Dun, the Germans firing
at them with anti-aircraft and smaller
guns. At one place they flew so low
that German Infantry flred many volleys
from their rifles, bullets piercing the
wing canvas.
Because of tae uncertainty or enemy
movements west of the Meuse volunteers
were asked to make an Important ob
servation trip over tho Boche Ilneo.
Bernhelmer and Bagby responded, their
machine wan wheeled to Hie concrete
starting track and tho plane started out
through the mist.
During the trip Bernhelmer and
Bagby were compelled to descend below
the mist several times to take observa
tions regarding the German positions
and then ascend qulokly to get out of
the range of the Germans, who were
pouring a rain of shells at them all
the time.
No other machine, enemy or Ameri
can, was sighted over the entire Amer
ican front to-day. Aviation officers eay
that the flight of Bernhelmer and Bagby
was made In the face ot the .heaviest
rain ever encountered by American avi
ators on a flight of this dlrtancc.
Y. M. C. A. Mnn Decorated. I
Paris, Oct. 20. William McDonald of
Brooklyn, attached to the American
Y, M. C. A., has been decorated with
the French War Cross for carrying com
forts to men In tho front lines under
th roost severe bombardment.
Haig's Armies in Iteach of
Railway Supplying Foe
in (Flanders.
500,000 TROOr.S MASSED
Germans Battle Desperately, l
hut Arc Thrown Back Al- j
lies Gain Everywhere.
IjON'don, Oct, 20. Despite exceeding
ly bad weather, which has turned parts
of Flanders Into quagmire, the Bel
gians, British nnd. French pressed for
ward to-day and have every reason to
bo satisfied with the progress made..
The German troops cut off nojth of
Kecloo, reported yesterday to be about
6,000, were In fact 15,000; they chose
the lesser of two evils and crossed the
frontier Into Holland, where they were
disarmed nnd Interned.
The condition of the ground has
slowed tlie advance of the Infantry,
which has not reached Ghent yet, nl
though the cavalry was there yester
day. Tho Allies have aucceeded In
bringing up some guns within easy
range, however, and completely com
mand tho city. Not much opposition Is
expected there, but should any develop
lt has been provided for.
Thlelt has been fully occupied by the
French, who by n brilliant drive ad
vanced to within two miles of Tournot.
British Across the Sellr.
.Further south the British made per
haps the most Important ndvancc of
the day. capturing Solesmes, crossing
the Sello River nnd driving eastward
to the high ground, where they domi
nate the great trunk railway upon
which the Germans depend for most of
their supplies. In this operation they
took more than 2,000 prisoners.
It Is stated that since the beginning of
the Flanders drlvo the Allies have, ad
vanced thirty miles over a front of
thlrty-slx. freeing the entire cofcat of
Belgium and clcarln-r all of western
The rroRslnir of the Selle by the Brit
ish was made between Lo Cateau and
Denatn, at a point only five miles south
west of Valenciennes : Denaln was cap
tured. The battlo took ,-ilace in an ex
ceptionally heavy rain and the Germans
offered the heaviest resistance of which
they were capable In the. effort to keep
open. If only for a few days, the rail
road from Valenciennes to Ulrson, Me
zleres and Met.
Heaviest Concentration of Wmr.
On this front of about forty miles the
Germans have massed forty divisions,
about 600,000 men, which is Bald to be
tho heaviest concentration of fighting
troops ever known In this or any other
war. It means moro than 12,000 men on
caci 5,000 feet of front over tho whole
distance of forty miles. Despite this, how
ever, the British went through the line
and attained their objectives. What
will happen to the great mass of Ger
man troops still In this sector when the
British reach the railway here, or Im
mediately to the south, where the British
Third Army is driving forward also,
can only be surmised now. but the pros
pect is very bad for the Germans.
On the Serre-Alsne front also the Ger
mans nre making desperato reRlstancc to
the advance nf the French, who are
headed for the same railroad to th east
of the British objective. Two strong
counter attacks were rei.ulsed to-day by
the French near Verncull and north of
St. Germaincourt. ICnst of Vcrneull the
French advanced, crossing Chautroud
Brook and winning a footing on the
heights to the enst.
Still further east, in the Cliampagae-
Argonne region, the French advanced In
the region of Vpuzlcrcs to Perron and
reached the district of Landeves and
Falalse, '
, Merely Protecting; Itetrrnt,
The Reuter correspondent at British
(Headquarters in France sayH that from
Lo Cateau to tho sea the Germans
almost everywhere are In retirement
and are standing to fight only at such
Continued on Hecond Page.
Air Squadron Voices
Army's Smoke Needs
S., U. S. A says:
"This organization acknowl
edges with thanks the tobacco
gift which is tho source of so
much pleasure and satisfaction
to all its members."
These words should make the
man who has not given the sol
diers even a coupon from his to
bacco purchase ask himself if he
has really done all ho might to
help the men who nre fighting
his fight.
The donation may be sent to
THE SUN Tobacco Fund; it will
reach tho front. See page 7.
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organization
or publication. It employs no
agents or solicitors.
1918. Copiri0Af(l!18, tV Sun
Spain Said to Have Been
Notified of U-Boat War
London "Observer' Calls for
a United Stand Behind
Lloyd George.
Sptrial Cable Deipateh to tut So'.
Copyrlaht, Ml; oil right reserved.
Ijo.vdon. Oct. 20. In official circles.
hort Oonnnny's reply to President
Wilson's note U not looked for before
to-morrow. .The British Oovtjrnment
I1118 not received anything' officially
to confirm the vnrlous rumors to the
pffoct that tbc German reply lias been
handed to tho Swla Minister In Rer
un. In which Germany nirree 10 evac
uate BelBlum iiml to stop luc sub-
marine warfare provisionally. The In
formation thnt Germany nilnlit end
tho submarine warfare onir.o from
Spain, where lt was reported tlmt
Germany by wireless had ordered her
subrnnrJnpa to return to their bases.
That Germuny Is seeking to take ad
vantage 'of every possible opportunity
to prolong; the exchange of notes Is
Indicated by a despatch from Amster
dam, which states that a redraft of
the reply was necessitated, owing to
the pressure exerted by opinion ex
prersed In the KntAiitoijcauntrle.
It la believed here that while Prince
Max and Gen. Ludendorff may talk
peace both arc actuated by tho desire
to accomplish tho withdrawal of tho
German armies across the Rhine be
fore disaster overtakes them. Allied
statesmen are convinced that hostili
ties must be continued until the allied
armies attain complete victory In the
fleTd, or If settlement la arranged be
forehand it must be accompnnled by
complete guarantees of a nature to
make secure the same nbsolute victory.
Including full surrender of military
nnd naval bases,
l'rcc Diplomatic I nltj.
The importance of n united allied
diplomatic front Is emphnsized by tho
Observer, which aays: ''If Rcrlln now
attempts to drag out nn Inconclusive
.correspondence we hope President
Wilson will put a sharp end to tho
enemy's design Instantly. Germany Is
counting craftily upon dissensions at
tho council table amongst those whose
unity has so far been too much for
her In the field, and especially between
the United States and Great Britain.
"Some divergencies between the na
tions now acting together aro natural
and Inevitable. In similar circumstances
! they always have taken place. There
fore, the Allies, when they reach the
peace conference, must be able to differ
without benefiting the enemy, otherwise
their differences might Jeopardize the
cause ot tho Allies and America and put
It In deadly peril long after they be
lieved It won.
"It must be rut wholly out of Ger
nrany'ei power to assume the war under
any circumstances. It must not be left
by any chance to her baffled but obsti
nate Junker faction to toy with thoughts
of resuming war or to spin diplomatic
Intrigues for that purpose. '
.k Support for Premier.
In another paragraph the Observer
appeals to the British people to support
the Prime Minister as other countries
support their leader. "Lloyd-George
mint stand on an effective equality, no
mere, no less, with President Wilson and
Premier Clemenceau," the paper says.
"It Is necessary to say this at this
Juncture because some conditions we
face aro singular. Day after day some
of the Jingo sheets write as though
Clemenceau were their leader, while oth
ers write as though they had no leader
but Wilson. Nothing but harm can
come of these perversities."
Madrid Press Says Govern
ment Is informed of Action.
Paris. Oct 20. Tho German reply
to .President Wilson will announce an
Immediate suspension of submarine
fare and will offer political guarantees,
German newspapers say, according to a
Geneva despatch to Vnonnafloii.
The German papers declare the now
note will abandon the proposal for a
mixed commission to discuss conditions
of an armistice "which the American
and Oerman high commands will nr
range on the battlo field."
Berlin financial circles are sild to
bo disturbed over a report thai negotia
tions hao been broken off.
Madrip, Oct, 20, The Spanish Gov
ernment, according to the newspapers,
has received an official communication
from the German Government stating
that the German Admiralty has ordered
Continued on TMrkt rags.
JHn(r and Publishing AisooiaUon.
"Hang On; Pray for Deluge of Rain,"
Urges Ludendorf f , Planning Stand
Special Cable DetpatcA to Tbz Sex.
Vopyrtohl, 1911; all rlohtt rmrtfd.
LONDON, Oct. 20. Tho Hague" correspondent of the Daily Mail
says a report waB current there several days ago that Gen.
Ludendorff, Chief Quartermaster-General and real head of the Ger
man armies, had advised the Berlin Government to "hang on for an
other month nnd pray hard that November may bring deluges of
rain." The same suggestion was made yesterday by the noted mili
tary writer Capt. von Salzmanr. in tho Vossische Zeitwg; he writes:
"Field Marshal von Hindenburg'3 plan is to prevent at all costs
tho breaking of the front and to wait and pray for a rainy November."
The German high command is making preparations for a des
perate resistance along the Meuse; buildings in the possible line of fire
are being destroyed and materials for defensive works concentrated.
Ofhcr information from Berlin is that the German armies have
no alternative but must surrender as their ammunition is being ex
hausted rapidly while the workers in many munition plants arc on
strike. The Krupps works are reported to be nearing a close down.
City Extends Great Welcome
to Liherated City's Execu
tive Despite Rain.
American Troops Lead Parade
ns Thousands Shout
rnis. Oct, 50, With enthusiasm un
abated by a pouring rain Paris to-day
celebrated the liberation of French
towns from the enemy and the opening
of a campaign for the new French loan.
American troops irlth the flag of the
iOlst Infantry headed a parade of Al
lied soldlerB through the streets. They
were followed by Belgians, Brazilian
and British and by Greeks who had
arrived In Paris this morning from the
Macedonian front. Polish, Portuguese,
Serbian and Czechoslovak soldiers also
were In line.
A subscription booth for the loan
has been placed Inside the pedestal of
the Statue of the City of Lille In the
Place de la Concorde. The statue is
covered with wreaths and bouquets of
To-day was the first fete day that
Pari. Viao K j 1 nnj.A fl, MIT )--
gan. On account of recent events on
tho front the loan has been christeted
the "Liberation Loan." j
It was planned to bring ' to Paris j
ShJ?l,9 ""SSl0'
Spnislfinfiuza cLpcUed r
Itles to change their plan-. The re-
crults taking part In the parade to-day
were limited to the Paris members of
the 1920 clasei
Countless thousands
huddled under
umbrellas, gathered In the Place de la
Panf-nrrln xvVlri taaamh.ii i mltifntlim
Concorde, which resembled a miniature
lake. The youthful recruits of 1920
came In for loud cheering, and a the
pecplo patiently awaited the beginning
of the speeches, exchanging bantering,
witty remarks, a tall, distinguished look
ing white-haired man was seen forcing
his way toward tho stand. A policeman
halted him.
"I am the Mayor ot Lille." said the
man simply. It was Delesalle, who
arrived unheralded. He received such
an ovation as never was witnessed
"It will remain In my memory until
the end of my days," Bald the Mayor
afterward, "It Is sufficient to erase
from my mind four years of nightmare
and servitude."
The Mayor of Rhelms In greeting M.
Delesalle ald : "We have suffered for
France. Iwg live France
M. Delesallo made a short speech. His!
voice, enfeebled by four yeara of suffer
lng, barely carried beyond those stand
ing near him, but people further away
took their cue from the cheering of
those closo to the speaker. The address
was Interrupted continually by the affec
tionate expressions and cheers of th:
"For four years we asked one another,
'Shall If be to-morrow?" " said M. Dele
salle. "That morrow came Thursday. I
was awakened during the night by a
sergeant who presented a requisition slip
for 2,000 suits of underwear. When t
reached tho ntreet the Oermans had gonj
without that particular underwear."
M. Delesallo was tho bearer of more
than 10,000 letters sent hy tho long suf
fering oltlaens of Llllo to, relatives anil
menus, rne letters are ucing delivered
Among the subscribers who signed
their names In a special "golden book"
. int the city hall was President Poln-war-rM
u'mi 1 ,i .
New York, signed the book for a sub
scription or $300,000,
The steady downpour did not provent
crowds of Parisians from coming out to
view tho captured guns, airplanes nnd
other material. The crowds were al
lowed to Inspect the weapons In nccord
anco with Premier Clemenccau's nlsh. I sponsible for outhi oaks for the prolonga
expressed as follows: f ,m, of ,, wnr nmls an echo In the Oer-
"Let everybody see them. Let them man Socialist .-iress. Vorii-nei-fs ( Her.
touch them. I-et them carry them off.
I have plenty more In mock."
More than 1,600 capture-! cannon lined
the thoroughfare from the Alexander,
III, bridge to tho Place de la Concorde
The Place Is filled with Oothas nnd
other airplanes. Captured German tanks
face the entrance to the TulIerlCA Garden.
Reichstag' Socialists Says Na
tion AVill Become a Demo
cratic State.
Growing Movement to Promote
'Strikes and Riots to Over
throw Government.
Special Cable Deepateh to Tan Sin from fAe
London Timet Service.
CopyriaM, 1911; all riotitt rutrvei.
The HxafE, Oca. 10. In the midst of
the preoent pence discussion, Govern
ment turmoil In Germany, the growing
Importance of the Socialists and the re
port that the Reichstag will meet to
morrow, the committee of the Social
Democratic party of tho Reichstag has
Issued an appeal stating that Germany
Is on the way to become a democratic
Tho appeal denounce the Pan-Germans
and the demagogues and also
condemns Bolshevist activities as well as
those ivho Incite workers to useless
strikes and demonstrations against the
Government. Thl appeal i. nartlcu-
larly significant, as there appears with
out doubt to be a movement on foot to
I !!r,,',m0,e
both strikes and demonstra-
Vlr Form ..f nnte-rmiient.
I rMi? ,h" ' ' "f
, K'n Democratic
1 emilu oTh"f i,
I T . ,?Jh" .vc,rS .f. tl,elr
i participating In the drafting ot the re-
. Ply to President Wilson. Tho working
nift.fl-l' nn rnci r.t .... s-,
fnt ,, , ;s rep
re.-cntlng the views of tho people, Vor-u-rtcrfs
says. In sonic of the factories
In Berlin the workers speak of the
Haase-Ledebour Government ii! a com
ing event.
Haaee and Ledebour arc German
editions of Lenlne nnd Trotaky. A Gov-1
uriimeiii ot wmcn inoy were the head
would involve a dictatorship of the
proletariat and would be established on a
condition of supremacy of tho working
men's councils. Vorvaerta devotes a
column and a half to showing how
wrong and useleis and utterly absurd It
would bo to turn out the present Gov
ernment to mako roufri for an Indepen
dent Socialist Government, It nays:
"Bolshevism has not made the Rus
sian people happy and unfortunately lt
Is very questionable whether there Is any
prospect of Its doing so. Heroni at
tempting to Imitate It wn suggest it
would be much wiser to wall and sec
If there Is any prospect of Its doing
Junkers FIkIiIIiik fur l,lvr.
It is possible that this article is In-
tended as propaganda. Blnco the German
many articles warning of the terrible . n- UIt" af,er the German field armleo
consequences that would follow the ket- had accepted su;h lornvi of surrender
ting up ot a Bolshevist Government in ns Marshal Foch deonied it necessary
Germany. to Impose. In responsii to Germany's
An agency telegram says tho Pan- orlglnnl note the President declined oven
German OutieMorffer Nachrichten , to suggest an armistice until Invadp.d
writes: "The Government bows to the territory had been evacuated, Tho Presl
enemy's superiority of numbers and Rur- i dent, according to the best information,
renders Alsace-Ixirralnc and the V.ahI 1aa nev.r lnt slcrht nf the frt thnt th
! Prussia marshes as well as the colonies.
IThe supremo army command approves
lliese decisions and nicy nre, tnererorc, nml ln llCcord with the obvious need of
Inevitable and cannot be avoided any removing future menace from the Ger
more. Those who ennnot rely on Herr , ,nan wilr mapnino
Scheidemann or Prince Maximilian, the ; ha lH'Rt r()mrnutllcatio to Berlin
new Chancellor, must take the word of ' h ,.r.,sWpl ..r,,,,,, ,, ,,
" . . , ., , mi
new Ctanceltor rmu a.k J"r . ''f
Gens. Hlndenburg and Ludendorff that
further strusgle would only mean more .
bloodshed. With this wo must be sat-
llii the Aitociated rrtt.
rir.RNK. Oct 20. A resolution adopted
.... L.' .... I 1 1 ... a 1IA
. .... - i.ii.u.' ...
1 .entencln all nersons roilltv nf or .
n) says these courts shall begin work
I In the first weeks after the conclusion of
i pence.
The Munich Xeurntr Sarhricht en says
that tho question of the abdication of the I same line. While propaganda vas a.
Kmperor is very much commented upon j sldunusly spread from Germany that
In wide circles, and one scarcely can see the German Government recognized de
liow the ICmperor, who Is filled with the i feat and wns ready to throw Itielf to
Idea of divine right, will agree to ttia. I tho mercy cf otlverxiries the German
Negotiations to End No Mat-
tor What Fresh Plea Ger
many Makes.
Terms of Surrender Only
Thing Hohcnzollerns Have
Left to Consider.
Kaiser Must Givo Up War Mo
chine Before Talking
Ahout Pence.
MirciVjf Deipateh to Tim Sf
Washington. Oct. 20. The United
States does not Intend to continue the
peac-p discussion with Gcrmnnj' no
matter how the German communica
tion mcimentnrlly awnltert Is framed.
With many nnd varied reports In cir
culation concerning the nnttiro of the)
forthcoming note, this sttiteineut cau
be made on excellent authority.
It Is indicated that the President
does not feel that his last communica
tion (o Germany called for cither pa
per promlses'or arguments. Further
more nn.vthliig the German Govern
ment might say In the way of prom
lset would not get the slightest trust
in advance of their actual fulfilment.
The German communication will not
be permitted to affect this nation's
steady purpose of winning the war
nnd settling tho hill afterward
The President's reply to the Austro
Iliingnrlan Government, wherein he
closes the door to further discussion
by referring the Hnpshurgs to tho ojv
pressed peoples demanding freedom
and determinedto get it. Is regarded
in well Informed clrclcti as n clue tn
the nature of the wl nnd final com
munleallon to bo mldresHM tn tho
Hohenzollorns nnd their various hire
lings, whether these In I tor are cauioti.
(Inged at liberals. Socialists or antl
Imperialists. To Itefcr Ccrniitna tn I'och.
The President Is exported to close
the door to them all this time by
simply referring the German Govern
ment to Marshal Toi'li for arranging
tonus of surrender.
The President. It Is explained: has
effectively washed his hands of tho
iinpsmirgs and their diplomatic trick
sters nnd has Indicated to them thnt
thp question of immediate Importance)
PlP8 M n -- against1 tho
which tho Austro-
Hungarian Government represents,
" ant not without
! Sd reason that the President's next
move will be to wash his hands of tho
llhelmstrassf diplomatic Jugglers
and Indicate to them that the terms ot
any armistice must be nnd will be dic
tated by the Commander In Chief of
the allied and American forces on tho
Must (iUc Wnr Mnelilnr.
, Diplomats point out that the whole
trend of tho so-called negotiations be
tween Berlin and Washington lnovita
bly has been toward demanding that
the leaders of tho German war ma
chine make their terms with Marshal
Foch before any serious thought can
be entertained of peace discussions, No
one here or In Kntento capitals in
wasting n moment's thought, lt Is snld,
on what the terms of Marshal Foch
will be. They will call for tho sur
render of the German war machine or
at least Its reduction to such a statu
ot relative Impotency that terms of
Justice can bo Imposed nnd enforced
whether Germany likes them or not.
Thero Is reason to believe that th
President has never for n. momont
con3Ulered peace negotiations with Ger
terms of anv artnl.stii'i' should properly
' dictated by the Killed rommUndcrs.
111 Ilia m!l I'uilinilllllCilweil in ncriin
th. President emphasized this point and
... rj.-.,.-,.. in n (rl,,in., ,,, .,,
" " " ' " , ' V'?"
,"m? wo d hao to bo dictated by the.
' nllled nnd American mlllt:lrv .intli.irl.
11 Is becoming Increasingly evident to
some oiuciuis iivre wiui me wcrman
Government Is already attempting to
I distort the meaning of the exchange' It
I entered Into vlth President Wilson
Still Hope for I'mlf rnlniiiltnK.
I'or example, the firs! appeal to the
President was on Its face a plea fur
peace such as might lime come froat
i beaten foe. The answer lo the I'resi
' dent's three lniUtrir was along the.

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