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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER C, 1018. MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PltESS. n...7h.e Associated Press Is exclusively B tilled to the use (or republication ot all tw despatches credited to It or not utharwlte credited In this paper and also, ..the local newa publUhed herein. . 1 All rights ot republication of special despatches herein are aim reserved. ICntered at the Pott Offlca at New York. M Becond Claee Mall Matver. Snbterlptlons by Mall, rottpaJd. On BU On Year. Months. Vontb. 910.00 .M 91X0 a. oo axo .is , 1.00 140 .40 J3AILT SUNDAT.., UAIUV only. , (SUNDAY only CtMlDUM DAJLT A SUNDAY.., DAILY only SUNDAY only FOIglON DAILY & SUNDAY.., DAILY only HUNDAY only........ rum. 910.00 s.oo o.oo S.OO 91X0 loo .IS nana. 914.00 fll.eo i.ts lft.00 0.00 1X0 0.00 4X0 . TUB EVENING SUN, Per Month 90X0 THE EVENINO SUN, Per Year. X0 TUE EVliNINQ SUN(Fortlgn),Per Mo. 1X0 All checki. money orders, Ac to be made payable to Tns Sun. Published dally, Includlnc Sunday, by the Sun Printing and Publishing Aitoctatlon, IUNumu at., Borough or Manhattan. N. Y. Preildent, Frank A. Muneey, 150 Nassau at.; Vice-President. Ervln Wardman: Secretary, R. II. Tltherlngton; Treat., Wm. T. Dewart, all ot 160 Naaaau atrett. tendon office, 40-46 Fleet atreet. Parle office. 0 Hue de la Mlchodlere, oil Hue du Quatra 8tptembre. Washington office. Munsey Building. Brooklyn office, Room 202. Eafla Build Inr. 303 Washington street. If our (rienit tcko Jator ui with tnonn ttrittt end MatlmUont for satllMlkm kM to tare rtlteltd articles rttumtd tht) mull in all cases tend stasias tor Mot pvrptit. TELEPHONE. BEEKMAN 1200. The result of the Federal elections of Senators and Representatives, Vratched for with such Intense Inter est by all who hove correctly under stood the slgnlflcanco of "Sir. Wil son's partisan appeal, must be read If It con bo read nt all this morn ing In the headlines elsewhere In the' paper and not In this place. But, whatever the effect on the Congress returns of fortunate and Inspiring International events accidentally coin cident with the date of a domestic election, the broad Issue between Presidential service and Presidential mastery created by the President In the last days of the campaign Is going to remain until It Is settled, and set tled light for the safety of American democracy. The Conqueror' Terms In 1871 and Again In 1918. We are Indebted to nn esteemed correspondent, Mr. Evebitt Stuabt, for t.ue reminder that when General Wimpffen went to Prussian head quarters In the stress of hopeless de feat he pleaded for three hours with "Von Moltke for some modification of the conditions which had been fixed after Sedan. To quote Altbed Ravjdaud on tho conference at the r chateau of Bellevue near Donchery: This cold and Inflexible calculator, irho had reduced war to mathematical formulas, was Incapable ot generosity as qft anger. He had decided thatUie eh ,llre army, with arms and baggage, Khould be prisoners. Bismarck tOok part In the conference' He made one re mark that has historical Importance. Prussia will exact as terms of peace not only an Indemnity of four billion, francs, t but Alsace and Lorraine. We must have , t good advanced strategic line "Demand only money then replied WlMPrrxN. 'You will bo sure of peace with us for an indefinite period. If you take, from us Alsaco and Lorraine you if III only have truce for a time ; in France, from old men down to children, all will learn the use, of arms, and millions ot j HOldlers will one day demand of you what you take from us " Last night the State Department pave out President Wilson's latest note to Germany Informing the sole I remaining enemy that Marshal Focii i has been authorized to communicate the conditions of armistice condi tions not yet made public but mani festly to be Inferred from the pub lished conditions as to Austrla-IIun gary. The same note ndvlses Ger many of the unanimity of the Allies nnd the American Government con corning the application of the four teen principles, with two Important tint! highly significant exceptions, how ever, namely: 1. The second principle, wherein Mr. Wilson attempted to settle In advance the future of maritime ln , rcrnatlonnl law, by the enunciation of a broad generality concerning the absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, In peace nnd In war, except when the sens nre closed In whole or part by International action. This Is the, provision which Germany has hailed with the greatest enthusiasm. As It seemed to discredit and rebuke, by Individual rather than concerted declaration, tho course adopted by Great Britain early In the present war with regard to wide extension of the zone of blockade, and likewise ' to contravene our own naval policy of blockade during tho civil war, we think the President Is wise In leaving the matter to be settled In concert by the victorious Powers. 2. With regard to reparation nnd compensation, so far as Is possi ble, for the Immeasurable damage wrought by Gerniany'n ruthlessness and perfidy In the territories her armies or her airships have over run. Here the President's set of principles was manifestly Inadequate. - ,11c merely declared that Belgium, for example, "must be evacuated and re stored." French territory "should be freed nnd the Invaded portions re Ktorcd." The phrases are almost without meaning In their looseness. The Allies' position In the Versailles cquncll has evidently been for more jtpecmc. They understand "that com lensatIon will ho made by Germany for oil damage done to the rlvlllan population of (ho Allies anu their property by the nggrcslon of Ger many by land, by sea and from the air." The extent of tho possible penalty fixed by this provision stag gers the Imagination. It will be noted that President Wilson now accepts without quail flcatlon the position of the other, Gov ernments associated with us In tho war with regard to Number 2, while with regard to Number 1 he Is silent, thus tncltly leaving the entire ques tion to tho poaco conference, where It belongs. Tltcso Important recessions on the part of tho author of the fourteen principles clear the situation for a pcaco of Justice, won by force with out stint. And what an Impressive spectacle will tho criminal Govern ment present, after tho conditions of nrmlstlco have been accepted, in con trast with Us merciless nttltudo to ward Us victim France forty-seven years ago, when WiMrmtN went to Von Moltke and Dibmasck nftcr the battle of Sedan t The Heeotaltlon of Toland. Following the example of France and Great Britain, the United States on Monday formally recognized "tho Polish army under tho supreme po litical authority of tho Polish Na tional Committee as nutonomous, al lied and co-belligerent." In announcing this nctlon Secre tary Lansing says: "This Govern ment's position with regard to the Polish cause and the Polish people could hardly be more 'clearly defined than was outlined by the President In his address before tho Congress on January 8, 1018." The passagCtto which the Secretary of State thus refers Is the thirteenth of President Wilson's celebrated fourteen conditions nnd reads thus: "XIII. An Independent Polish state should be erected which should Include the territories Inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should bo as sured a free and secure access to tho oea, and whoso political and economic Independence and territorial Integrity should be guaranteed by International covenant." The Polish state thus contemplated must certainly comprise Hhc prov inces of the former kingdom of Po land which were distributed to Rus sia, Prussia and Austria when Poland was partitioned nmong her enemies. To assure the new Poland a free and secure access to tho sea means that she must have a seaport of her own ; and It would bo a righteous retribu tion to restore to the Poles the forti fied city of Dantzlc on the Baltic, which was taken from them by tho Prussians in 1793. The new Poland already has an army of Its own, consisting largely ot Poles recruited In the United States. These troops nre now In ac tive service on tho western front. No one person has done more to bring this force into existence and to pro mote the cause of free Poland among Americans than Ionack Jan Papf.- sewski, the - delicate and sensitive Polish pianist and musical compder. who looks as if n breath of wind j would blow him away. The iron has entered into his soul In behalf of his native land, and he has proved him self to be a giant in spirit by what he has done for her. When tho Poles come Into their own and tbe history of their restora tion Is written, no name on the list of Polish patriots in the twentieth century will shine out brighter than that of Ioxace Jan Paderewski. Andrew D. White. In a career so full of achievements and successes It is difficult to choose the particular services to mankind and to his country by which Andrew V. White will Iks best remembered. He attained distinction as a diplomat and a statesman, he was held In high regard as an author and educator, and In all theso fields of endeavor he won esteem for his lofty and loyal citizenship. New York will never forget his work In the establishment and foun dation of Cornell University, which to-day ranks as one of the first of the educational Institutions of tho na tion. It was an unusually fortunate circumstance for the State that Mr. White nnd Enu Cobnell were in 1804 thrown together ns members of Jhe State Senate. Mr. Cornell had already formed, but somewhat indefi nitely, his plans for u college, "where any man could be educated In any study." But It was Mr. White's keen Interest In the plans thnt led to their successful working out. Ho ob tained the charter for the Institution and also u United States land grant for Its endowment. He was elected Us first president. It was a gigantic work to build the college from Us very foundation. He .entered Into his task with all his heart ; ho gave not only his work but made llbcrnl presents to It, among which Is a library, valuable paintings and the residence of the presidents of the university. It was his gener ous support of the Institution nnd his strength, both mental and physi cal, which he unselfishly gavo to It for so many years, that laid so se curely the foundation for the present university. His services to the nation covered many years of hi? active life. After filling several Important positions un der the Government with credit ho was sent by President Hayes ns u Minister to Germany. In 1S02 ho wns nppolntcd Minister to Russia, and in 161)7 he was sent by President McKinley to Germany, this time ns Ambassador. His appointment wns a particularly fortunate one. The coun try had the assurance that It wns represented by an nblo and compe- , tent diplomat and not by a politician. A comment nt tho time was that his y i appointment was justified by the ser vices he had performed, and ''It was nn example which shines all the brighter, because, alas, It has so few tts bear It company." uy ins tact ana umanity, nis frankness ami intelligence, no, mane ; a most favorable Impression on his mission. He was a close student of tho German language and he did much through translation nnd works upon German Ufo to give America an understanding of German literature. Ho was, too, a closo and thorough student of the German people nnd the German Government. This knowl edge was of especial value in this country In the enrly years of the war. Ho was a firm believer that Germany could not bo starved out; he put lit tle faith In the reported popular up rising, and ho could not sec that Ger many vwould becomo a republic or that the people would ever banish the Ilohenzollcrns. During most of his life Mr. White took n keen and active Interest in tho politics of the State and nation. He had a large acquaintance with pub lic men, as large, In fact, ns that en Joyed by any American of his day. His service as dclegnte to national conventions extended over fifty years, and In that tlmo ho saw made some of the Important and far reaching po etical history of the country. He was always free to speak upon the real Issues of the day, and he spoke with the conviction of a stu dent of political conditions nnd nt tho same time of a practical man of affairs.. It was one of the charms of his engaging personality that he could be so completely n student, a man of books nnd of unusual learning,! and also- so plain, simple, and above all so thoroughly human. Because They Arc Jerries. We wish we were able to enlighten the author of the subjoined Inquiry : "To tub EoiTon or The 8cn Bir; Why do our soldiers In Prance commonly call the Germans 'Jerry'? So far as I know. 'Jerry is not of German extraction : It may bo Celtic, but It Is not Teutonic. By what process of reasoning does It become a generic denoir.' .atlvo of the Kaiser's men? L. B. "Naw York, November 5." Who are wo to plumb the depths of soldier 6lang? Iiu the restricted, field of universal wisdom we hold high place. The mysteries of mathe matics, medicine, theology, physics, law, politics, woman's dress, the stock market, Kultur, caltle breeding, the Income tux law, agriculture, as tronomy, psychoanalysis, literature, the tipping system, military engineer ing, ballistics, the election law, ma rine architecture, baseball, horse rac ing, the penal law, art: all these sub- Jects nnd many more too numerous . , , . . to caiaiHgUB ure un.-u inujKiuuuua for us; but wnen we nre nsnea to explore the origins ot martial lan-1 guagc unofficially promulgated from cantonment and trench, from training area and ship, our modesty comes to our rescue. "Jerry" Is, of course, a little Jnnr.- small lamenter. The verb Mi.Mi, a jerry means to chaff cruelly, to gibe, to Jeer. The ndjectlvee mean cheaply and fraudulently made, trashy, lllmsy ; Buddknseick: was n jerry builder. Thieves call u wutch u "Jerry"; to . hat Americans can rule America. . , . . , . .ii.,., ,r- I Are we to surrender th!s doctrine in steal watches is Jerrynlcklng. WochMllwl for B leaffUa of natIonJ, to en. might hazard the opinion that n clue , fopco peace an untried league, founded to the present military use of Jerry i upon the proposition that from n mixed comes from this; the Gorman soldiers trlhunal reflecting different racial traits steal watches, hence by easily under- j J"00 ."efi wl", ,85ue decrcs stood transference they nre "Jerry." The cant Is English, but our men have been In England and have been quick to assimilate English slang. The theory develops well, but It Is a theory. Why Is a dead shell a "dud"? Arti cles of clothing nre "duds" ; how does the singular of this familiar noun come to mean a shell that does not explode? "Dub" so applied would be easy to explain; "dud" passes the line of the rational. J I No word -of recent popularity has Interested us more keenly than the expressive "gob" selected by Uncle Sau's sailors ns their friendly nnd Intimate designation. Why they udoptcd It we have been told: they want to get as far away from child ish appellations, like "Jackie," us they can. But where did It come frora?jof ,,eclrlcity have been .ue.fui. and Who Invented, appropriated, first ap- two salt factor!? will be started for this piled tl? Vaguely ascribed to tho Asiatic station In origin, It now cov ers the seven seas, or the seventy seven seas, counting the Inland wa ters on which our ngllc men in blue Uispori memseiVPH. -opniioiogeruus risen to dissect It, Classify tt, run it down to the primitive Aryan, and dl- .... . . . . viuc it into primal grunt, sign nnu groan. Probably It contains the dou ble distilled history of n tribe, n race ; General March's worthy father would have read In It the whole record of a great nnd forgotten clvlllzntlon. But we cannot, nnd must nccept it with out question, exactly as we do the insurance of our naval friends that ., i, ,i,i, i, lucj -"" "--i' in a nowung gmc wiuiuui weunng ribbons under thelr'chlns. However, If the young giants, who, under Marshal Foci and General Persuing, call the Germans Jerries, Jerries they nre, and we defy anybody to prove otherwise. The usefulness of tho great Institu tion on Morningsldo Heights Is en hanced for all tho future by the addi tion of the Polyclinic Hospital to Its multiform establishment. In accept ing the gift of tho founders ot tho Polyclinic, President Nicholas Mim iut HuTiJ:n of Columbia paid a deserved trlbuto ,o Dr. John A. Wtbth, tho man to whose creatlvo imagination and tireless nnd loving professional efforts New York chiefly owes tho ex istence of this tplendld hospital, now temporarily In tho service of the Fed eral Government. Of all tho ulllictlons that Ilussla has brought upon this world, the i latest, and perhaps tho one that will! cause the greatest despair Jto tho In-1 telllgent compositor, Is the return of Przemysl to the news of tho day. -There's nothing like leather." our grandfathers sold, and this generation has discovered that there's nothing llko leathcrl for cb.it Jumping. It is unfortunate, therefore, that somo Fed eral board has shut 'down suspenders making Just now, for with leather belts not much cheaper than girdles of gold and suspenders unobtainable man must face tho use ot safety pins although he does not know and can not learn how to uso them. Illghwaywomcn of Chicago are re ported to be fashionably dressed and to decorate their undaunted bosoms with red roses. Beau Brocade was no braver or moro lovoly, but he trifled with a woman's heart and oho betrayed him to tho hangman. Tho government of Chicago la solf-dctcr-mined, and If It prefers lady hold uppers, as possibly easier to capture, It Is her affair, Yet wo venturo 'to suggest that It stool pigeons are cm ployed by that tumultuous city's po lice those who have all tho social gracos attractive to woll dressed women' wearing red roses -will be more efficient than tho rudo roughnecks usually employed In that work. Tho decision of a young man nnd woman to be married In a graveyard. In accordnnco with a legend said to persist among the Jews to the effect that a euro way to end an epidemic Is to have a wedding celebrated In a cemetery, throws a curious light on the persistence of superstition In an ago of progressive modernity. Prophets of every grade, wizards and witches, prosper even to-day on the fears and ambitions of mankind. Un doubtedly somo learned man some where Is paying a spook artist's ma terial representatives high prtcos for spirit pictures; the tribe of the cred ulous does not lack numbers; the gullibility of man continues to pass understanding. THE MONROE DOCTRINE. How Will It Be Affected by a League ot Nations t , To the Editor or The Sun Sir.- We know, in a 'large measure, what France, England and Italy Intend to demand at tho peace conference. President Wil son has stated most of those demands In his fourteen points. But neither in this country nor abroad do we hear of any concrete demand to be made by tbe United States. AH we are expected to do Is to open the con ference with a prayer and closo It with a benediction. This country hag, In truth, nothing to demand In the form of restitution or Indemnity. But the affirmation of a great national principle Is Involved, and unless that principle Is given proper recognition at the peace table the United States, and not Germany, will be the chief loser an a result of tho war. The Monroe Doctrine is at stake. To abandon it in exchango for a league of nations to enforce peace would be a criJ"e apabist America. t Thn Monroe Doctrine Is a concret-. tanK,bIo thln(f, u u aI(10 tnB eplrlt ot the new world. Tt sees the millennium as a far ils tant vision nnd only as a little loss dl tant vision does It behold the federation of the world ; it anticipates the effects upon mankind of economic crises and social revolutions; it embodies tho wis dom of tho best American statearnan- ! "Mp : it Is founded upon a profound knowledge of history. Chesterton remarks that the 'lease for democracy Is that the Hampshire peoplo can rule Hampshire." The case for the Monroe Doctrine Is Is It conceivable that wo can belong to such a lenguc and still maintain the Mpnroo Doctrine? Thc.e questions are entitled to con sideration nt this time. Neither this nor any other national administration should antrwer them before hearing from the people. I am sure many of your readers would be pleased to know what Senators Wads worth and Calder think about them. Aldant. November 5. Simon Creel. TRADE BRIEFS. One of the greatest obstacles to com merce In China la the "llkln," the Internal tax on g-oodA In transit, orlgituitlnir a a war tax durlnc the Talplng rebellion. The "llkln" was originally a tax of one. tenth of 1 per rent, of the value of the goods ivhn It was flret Imposed, about isr.3, but to day Its amount Is apparently determined ohtlrarlly by the collector. Eiprtment In Noray with a view to purpose In the near future. Each factory la calculated to produce C0.00O tons of salt a year, Oreat Interest In American ready bulit houses has been expressed In both France And Kngland, according to Lumber Trade Commissioner John n. Walker. Mntmfnc- turera of auch houses who nre Interested In tho nuropean market nre requested to ,nd, ,h,lr,cta,os.u,eV10 tho n.u"au ot I Foreign and Domestic Commerce for trans. mission to Mr. Walker, so that the latter may be In a better position to answer In quiries. Hofore the war Russia's need of scythes V&a estimated at 0.000,000 annually, of which about half were required In Siberia. To fill these requirements about 4,500,000 scythes were Imported annually and the remainder manufactured In Russia. Ac cording to latest Information thero are hardly any acythea to be found, Russian Industry being at a standstill and the !n. portat0n dosed. The present stocks of cigars In CSermany will not last beyond the end of the present year, according to the Derlintr Ttigebl&tt. . xr.;Z mmZ quality has deteriorated. Two Kinds. First Chicken Afraid of Hoover? Hecond Chicken Yes, I have both dark and light meat on me. The Twilight of the Kings. A darkness settles on their day That has no sweet content of eve, That holds no sense of duty done When setting glorlea take their leave. They look not forward to a eleen , Forgetfulneaa for them la cone; They look not toward a coming morn They shall not see another dawn, There Is a light, but that they fear. And terror to their hearts It brings. For oil the golden stars look down Upon the twilight of the kln;s. McIunpsvcou WitaoK, OUR FINANCIAL PROBLEM. A Tlmo for Prudent Improvement of Onr Opportunities, To tub Editor or The Bun. flu: When it was found that Stock Kxchange loans had Increased according to the reports made to tho committee, was It truo that bank loans had Increased by a llko amount, or when certain patriotic firms In the Street restricted their loans at tho Instance of the committee, did not these firms nnd themeclvea with surplus funds In hand which thoy had borrowed from tho bunks and which In turn they merely reloaned nt tho current rato of C per cent, thereby not Increasing the original loans from tho banks? Undoubtedly, none who has understood the situation could dispute the need, as well as the desirability, for restricting speculation, but the manner In which the attempt has been made to accomplish this Is certainly open to objection and Investigation looking to somo Improve ment In tho method. When the war broke In 1514 there re mained but one open security market of Importance In' the world wherein In vestments could be turned Into cash, by Europe, the need of which they pru dently foresaw. Wo took buck front Europe In the spring of 1?H millions ot securities at fair prices, and when the Stock Kxchange, which had been wisely closed, was reopened a few months later we took bnck millions more. These se curities wo have carried for nearly five years, and now that the war Is admit tedly drawing to a close, Turope In again Investing In sound American securities, which It Is purchasing in thlR market to undreamed of advantage. The con dition Is exactly as if wo had paid to Europe In 1914, "Don't worry, we will hold your securities In safo keeping for you, and give them back to you when the war Is over. Meanwhile, you will securo Interest and dividends because we will deduct these from tho price at which wo return them to you." We have bought Liberty bonds and paid taxes and conserved credit for Gov ernment use until In the matter ot cal and credit, thanks to tho education of the public In borrowing, tho Tetleral Hcserve banks are congested with loans, and we etand to-day practically "strapped." patriotically powerless to help ourselves, while the wiso Investors of Europe are avidly picking up tho acknowledged bargains in American in vestment cpcurltles. Liberty bonds Instead of being In the possession of the buyers aro lodged with tho banks, who have in turn lodged them with the Federal Itescrvo banks. The credits Involved, Instead of being at the disposal of the Investor and merchant, which in many Instances would have been used directly or Indirectly for Govern ment credit, aro thus In reality, to no Inconsiderable extent, turned against tho Government. They dq theso things dif ferently In France, where the owners of Government obligations aro tho actual holders; In other words. Franco makes Its bonds attractive to high and low, rich and poor, and coaxes money for their purchase from the traditional sugar bowl, money which otherwise would remain hidden raid useleos. Why have we not followed the exam ple of France In the Issue of premium bonds? From time to time J have seen this plan advocated, but not adopted. It appears to mo that a premium draw ing bond would have given and would atlll give tho Liberty bond a wider dis tribution there Is another loan coming and by drawing out the country'e hid den cash would have relieved the credit situation probably to an extent that we do not readily conceive. In brief, as In any commodity of dally life, why not give tho people what they want? Advertising, for example, works to the distribution of things that peo ple want or at least of things, for which that type ot market may be created. Advertising doa not try to foist upon the public what it does not want, and all good business follows the lines of least resistance. Had we given the public what thoy wanted in the matter of bonds they would have eagerly snapped them up and there would bo to-day a large volume of free credit. The commodity market, as well as tho security market, would have been In safer and better position. You cannot readjust without a certain freedom of movement. As it Is. the natural rise In security prices, which should long ago have largely discounted present and future values, nnd all the many favorable con ditions that will follow the war, ua well as the unfavorable ones, have been nipped In tho bud, and wo arc losing, If we have not already lost, a wonderful op portunity, to say nothing of compensa tion, to wfilch wo were fully entitled for carrying tho securities through the critical period. We have a splendid pleco of machlnery In the Federal Ileserve system for the smooth and easy production of credit which, whllo It mlBht reasonably have creaked live years ago, should by this tlmo have found Itself nnd work with the smoothness of the Hnnk of England. I'ICKWICK. New York, November 5. Uses for Ocrman Mode Tojs. To the Editor or The Hi'N Sir; If tJertnan toys reach our port, why waste ."uel and materials of which thoy aro composed by burning or deotroylng them simply to get them out of the way with out profit to our people? It will be hotter to use the toys, if of wood, to start fires In furnaces and etove.t In publla Institutions, under the supervision, of course, of loyal citizens; or If they be of metal, melt them up for many good and ueful purposes un necessary to name here. Jus. Wiikemnq, W. Vb November 4. M int Have I Hone? from the t'nttcd ll'or IVorlfc Campatgn't IM trature. What Uave you done, what have you done To help the boya "Hehlnd the gun?" Men who. f.igged and travel weary. Turned the tide at Chateau Thierry, And tho whoso bleeding bodies stood The hall of death nt Helleau Wood? rr thse. the bravest under the sun. What have you done? What have you done? What have yeu done, what have you done To back the men who stopped the Hun I Whut have you offered words or deeds To met your country'e urgent needs; Trenches In France are running red With freemen's blond for freedom shed. They braved the blast of Urn and gun. What have you done? What have you done? What have you done, what have you done Along the trail of the frightful Hun To mend the bodl's racked and torn? What he you given, what forsworn To ease the hunger, pain and woe Wrought by a brutnl, savage foe? Have you a heart, or have you none? What have you done? What havo you done? i What will you have when vlet'ry'a won1 A record to show or one to shun? Which shall It be to praise or 1,1 mo, A glow of pride or Mush of shame? When war ecarr'd heroes question you, What will you tay, what will you do? Answer to conscience every one, "What have 1 done? What have I done?" AMU! W'WUUT. DIRCK VAN HOOSEN'S DEED. Ho Was tho First to Secrete the Bowling Green Fence. To tub Editor or Tub Bun Sir.' I havo been following with coqslderablo personal Interest the discussion In Tim Sun relatlvo to the missing Bowling Orecn fence. It brings back memories, of tho days gone by, for that same fen"e has been In trouble before. On the ninth of July, 1776, when my old friends Ike Sears, mil Mooney, myeelf and a few moro New York "laddlbucks" of that day, marched down Tho Broad Way from the Common to tho Bowling Green and pulled down the King's statue, It was necessary to remove part of the fence to let In the Liberty Boys. After tho leaden George was con verted Into bullets and we thought of restoring the fence. It could not be found high or low. Finally, we located it In the blacksmith shop of Dlrck van Hoosen on I torso and Cart (troet, whose classic, name you modern New Yorkers havo changed to William street, blrck had an eye to tho future and saw In the possession ot the historic fence a chanco to make a little change on the side, but after a lot of fencing on his part and throats on ours, ho consented to give up and the Iron rails were re stored. May Tio there's a Dlrck van Hoosen around lheEe days, but why Is ho allowed to dlolurh my quiet rest? HtRCtrL,r8 MVI.LIOAK. TniN-rrr Church vard, November 1. Aro tho Battery Cannon In Central Park Arsenal I To the Editor or The Scn Sir: In connection with the Inquiry as to what has become of the old ratling around Bowling Green I might ask what has become of the historic cannon which were mounted On the "battery" which faced Bowling Green In 1776, and were removed when the British evacuated In 1783. These cannon were taken to the Central Park Arsenal, when It was erected, nnd mounted In front of the sally port (now a staircase to tho sec ond floor), and from them a saluto was fired when Jhe Arsenal' was opened. For many years there was a railing of the second floor staircase (It may bo there yet), which had small cannon ns pasts, and I was always) told, when a boy, forty-flvo years ago, that tho can non posts were the cannon taken from the Battery, subjected to that Ignoble use. Whether this was true or not, tho cannon from tho Battery were shown mounted at tho sally port In a litho graph In Valentine's Manual of about tho time tho Arsenal was erected, and In a later lithograph in thn Manual, of 1S61, It was shown that tho staircase mentioned had been erected. If the cannon posts of the stairway are the old cannon from tho Battery, they should be removed to some place of safety. If they ate not what has become of these relics In which our fore fathers took the greatest Interest? I might also Inquire who has the head of King George's statue, which stood on Bowling Green. At the time the statue wns pulled down, and the balls knocked off the ratling to he used as cannon balls, the head was secured by a Tory', and was for many years In possession of an old tavern keeper who kept a tavern near Hamilton Grange. When In the march of Improvement the tav ern w-as destroyed, the head disap peared. Washington Heights antiquar ians know the facts very well. , New York, Novembet C. C. S. C. TAKE STONE FOR STONE. A Way to Itebnlld Devastated Lands With German Material. To the Editor op The Sun Sir: In discussions of peace terms to be Im posed on Germany various suggestions have, been made ob to some punishment for her policy of frlghtfulncsa nnd de struction which rtiall adequately Impress her with the fact that that polity has no( paid and never will pay. Many have advocated that retaliation for the destruction of cities In occupied territory bo made by systematic de struction of German cities nnd towns to a similar extent. Such a plan is open to two main objections: flret. it places the Allies somewhat on a level with their foe ; recondly. It ndds to the already enormous waste of natural resources without any material gain. , May I venture to suggest what I think Is a better plan to meet that particu lar phase of the situation? Suppose that, beginning with Ilerlln and utilising such other German cities as may be needed, not forgetting the royal palaces, skilled building wreckers tear down all build ings, and the material resulting be trans ported to devastated territory In France and Belgium, &c, and utilised In re construction ; that the labor of such re construction be done by German soldiers under allied military control nnd at Ger many's expense. Iet not only bricks nnd stone be o removed but machinery, fur niture, flttlnga and utensils, and replace orchards and vineyards ns nearly as possible In the samo manner. True, we may ho accused of copying Germany's boasted efficiency in her sys tematic looting of homes and factories In occupied territory, but tho material so taken will bo used In replacement and not destroyed, and the punishment will tit the erlmo ho far ns any punish ment can. If Germany thereafter cares to rebuild Its capital, the people will not forget the lesson for centuries. I am aware that two great objections will bo urged against the adoption of this plan : first, that It would bo very much more expenslvo thanto-rebulld nnd call upon Germany to repay tho ex penditures; secondly, that It mlghf be regarded ns a practical enslavement of German soldiers during the term of re construction. I do not behove, however, that either of these objections would counterbalance the moral effect of this procedure If adopted. Frank M. Forbush. Hosto.v, Mass., November 3, Tho Fighting Irishman, To rna Editor of The Sun Sir: Per mit me to call attention to the fact that tho General who has won such brilliant results ns commander of the British army In Italy, tho Earl of Cavan, Is not a Britisher but an Irishman. It Is a consoling thought In these days to many of us American cltlgons of Irish birth, and especially those of tts who hall from the County Cavan, who have now found much comfort In tho news that from time to tlmo has been trickling out of tho land of our nativity, William J. Guard. New YonK, November 3. Ilia Thirteen Sons and Seventeen Daughter. Itusy Winning the War. From th Eattern SeareMtyJH, J-ourinear?, .V, 0, John Ward, a negro of Goldsboro, has thirteen of his eighteen sons In the Ninth and Tenth United States Cavalry, while his seventeen daughtsrs are busy with war work. The facts are vouched for by Sheriff It. II. Edwards of Wayne county, of hleh Goldsboro Is the county seat. Ward also probably holds tho record for quadruplets, ays Sheriff I'lwards N. Y. LEGISLATURE REPUBLICAN BY 56 0. 0. P. Gnins Six Assembly men, but Loses Flvo Mem bers of Senate. ONLY 1 SOCIALIST WINS Schoharie County Deserts Democracy After Long Years of Allegiance. The new Lcglelaturo for New Torls State elected yesterday and which will convene on January 1, the day on which the new Governor will be Inaugurated, i will bo composed of 30 Itcpubllcana and 2t Democrats In tho Senate ana vn publlcaflp, 61 Demoorata and 1 Socialist In tho Assembly. Tne present, has 36 ltepubllcnns nnd 15 Democrats and tho- Assembly 36 Republicans, 43 Democrats. 10 Socialists and 1 Inde pendent , , , Had Gov. Whitman been reelected b a big majority it was expected his frlendB would control the organltatlon of the new legislature. In the circum stances It Is believed the Senate and Asrembly will elect officials without much outside Interference. Senator J. Henry Walters of Syracuse expects to be elected Ilepubllean leader of tho Sen ate, although Senator George h. Thomp son of Niagara claims he has enough Republican Senators pledged to cloct mm President pro tern. Thaddeus C. Sweet anticipates reelec tion as Speaker of tho State Assembly without opposition. For the first time Schoharie, tho rock-ribbed up-Stato Democratic county, has elected a Republican Assemblyman. Of the present 61 Senators. 21 wero not renominated. Senator Thomas H. Oullcn Is going to Congress; Senator ni.--. t u'.nft, in ii ttunrcme Court IwUTI w X . , . . au ' Justice-elect; Senator SlRter has been elected Surrogate or wcsicnestcr -. neim tor George H. Whitney Is to havo an lm Senators Theo dore Douglas Itoblnson and Morris Hal- llday aro In the army, anu senator jiiun It. Brown retired to resume the practice of law. t Committee Probabilities. The chairmen of the Senato Commit tees on Finance, Internal Affairs, Tub He J-.ducatlon, Insurance, Conservation, Banks and Labor and Industry havo been reelected, but new chairmen will have to be named for the Committees on Judiciary, Cities. Public Service, Affairs ot the City of New York, Codes, Tax ation, Commerce nnd Navigation and Public Health. Hurllngamo of Kings will be the ranking member on Judiciary should Wajters bo promoted to the Re publican leadership ; I-awson tho rank ing member of Committee on Public fiervlco Corporations ; Burllngame the ranking member on the Committee on Affairs of the City of New Vork, and Mullan the ranking member on Taxation. Either James J. Foley or James J. Walker will be tho Democratic Senate leader, although Senator John J. Uoylan I, a receptive candidate, Ernest A. Fay will bo reelected clerk of tho Senato and Fred V. Hammond will be reelected clerk of the Assembly. In the Assembly the chairmen of the Important committees on Ways and Means. General Uws, Code, Cities. Railroads, Insurance, Taxation, Publln Education. Agriculture, Canals, Excise. Labor and Industries and Commerce and Navigation havo been returned. Caspar Fenner of Tompkins will be the ranking member on the Public Health Commit tee. Lewis W. Johnon the ranking mem ber on Gas and Electricity, I-ouls M. Martin of Oneida the ranking member on Judiciary and Charles L. Mead of Or ange tho rnnktng member oi Hanks. New York State Senate. If) 1 0-1 020. Dif- trlct. 1 George L. Thompson . . 2 Frank Adel 5 Peter J. McOarry 4 Kenneth F. Sutherland. 6 Daniel K. Farrell 6 Lorlng M. Black, Jr... 7 "Charles C. I.ockwood . . 8 Alvah W. Burllngame. 9 Charles E. Rtissoll 10 Jeremiah F Twomoy... 11 Daniel J. Carroll II James .1. Wnlkcr 13 John J BoIan 14 Bernard Downing 15 Abraham Kaplan 1C James A. Foley 17 Schuyler M. Meyer IS S. A. Cotlllo 13 Edward J. DAwllng.... 0 William C. Dodgo 21 Henry G. Phackno 32 Peter A. Abeles 23 John J. Dunnlgan 24 John A. Lynch 25 GKrgo T. Burling 26 Walter W. Iav, Jr 27 Caleb H. Baumes 2S Jnir.es E. Towner 29 Charles W. Walton 30 Henry M Sage 31 John J. MacKrell 32 James W. Yclverton... 33 Mortimer Y. Ferris 34 N. M. Marshall 35 Burt Z. Kussnn .Republican Democrat .Democrat .Democrat .Democrat .Democrat . Republican Republican . Democrat . Democrat . Democrat . Democrat . Democrat . Democrat . Democrat . Democrat .Republican . Democrat . Democrat . Democrat . Democrat . Republican . Democrat . Democrat . Republican .Republican . Republican . Republican . Republican . Republican . Democrat .Republican . Republican .Republican Republican 3 Frederick M. Davenport . Republican . Republican .Republican .Repuhllc.m .Republican 37 Fred r. Pitcher. . . . 38 J. Henry Walters... 39 Adon P. Brown 40 Clayton It. Link 41 Seymour Iowman... 42 Charles J. Hewitt... 43 William A Carson . . 44 John Knight 45 James L. Whitley... .Republican .Republican .Republican .Republican .Republican .Republican .Republican 4 (John B. Mullan 47 George F. Thompson... 4S Ross Graves . Ilepubllean . .Democrat . Republican .Republican 49 Samuel J. Ramsperger.. 50 Loonard W. H. Glbbs. 51 J. Samuol Fowler Republicans. SO. Democrats, 21. Doubtful. Kerr York State Assembly, 111, ALBANY. 1 Clarence I. Welsh" Republican 2 John G. Malonc Republican 3 John M. Gaffers Republican ALLEGANT. 1 William Duke, Jr Republican THE BRONX. 1 Earl H. Miller Democrat 2 Edward J. Flynn Democrat 3 Robert S. Mullen Democrat 4 M M. Fcrtig Democrat , 5 William S. Evans Democrat 6 inomas .Mcuonniii Democrat 7 Josenh V. McKee Democrat S J. Fairfax McLaughlin. .Democrat BROOME. 1 Edmund B. Jenks Republican 2 Forman E. Whltcomb. . .Republican CATTARAUOCS. 1 De Hart 11. Ames Republican CAYUGA 1 L. Ford Hager Republican CHAUTAUQUA. 1 Hermes L. Ames Republican 2 Joseph A. McGlrnlei. . . .Republican CHEMUNG. 1 John J. Rlchford Republican CHENANGO. 1 Bert Lord Ripubi.ean CLINTON". 1 Wallace E. P'.croe Republ.can COLUMBIA. 1 John W, Scott Republican CORTLAND. 1 Irving F. Rica '...Republican DELAWARE. I Lincoln R. Long Republican DUTCHESS. 1 J. Gr'.swold Webb Republican 2 Frank L. Gardner Republican ERIE. 1 George E. D, Brady Republican 2 John W. filacer Republican 3 Nicholas J. Miller Republican 4 Andrew T. Beaaley Democrat 6 A. A. ratnykowskl Democrat , George II. Rowe Republican 7 Herbert A. Zimmerman. .Republican 8 Nelson W. Cheney Republican ESSEX. 1 Raymond T. Kenyon. .. .Republican FRANKLIN. 1 Warren P. Thayer Republican FULTON-HAMILTON. 1 Enerle Hutchinson Republican GENESEE. 1 Charles p. Miller Republican GREENE. 1 Harding Showers Republican HERKIMER. 1 Edward O. Davles Republican JEFFERSON. I II. E. Machol Republican KINGS. 1 John J. Grlggln Democrat 2 Thomas J. Cox Democrat 3 Frank .1. Taylor Democrat 4 Peter A. MoArdlo Democrat James H. Caulfleld, Jr, .Republican 6 'Martin Solomon Democrat 7 John J. Kelly Democrat 8 Edward J. Flanagan.... Democrat 9 Frod R Burr Democrat 10 Hoxie W. fimith OXepubllcaii II "Thomaa E. Brownie. . .Republican 12 Albert Link Democrat 13 Morgan T. Donnelly. . . . Democrat 14 Joseph 7-crrtol ...Democrat 15 Chrlst'n J. .McWiltlams. Democrat 16 Davld Breschler Democrat 17 Frederick A. Wells Republican 18 Marshall Snyder Republican lft Benj. C. Kllngmann.... Democrat 20 Gcorgo J, Braun Democrat 21 W. E. Youker Republican 22 'Jamea J. Morris Democrat 33 'Charles Solomon Socialist LEWIS. 1 Albert A. Copley Republican LIVINGSTON. 1 George' F. Wheelock. . . .Republican MADISON. 1 iMorcll E. Tallett. i Republican MONROE. 1 James A. Harris Republican 2 Simon L. Adler Republican 3 Harry B. Crowley Republican 4 Frank Dobson Republican C Franklin W. Judson Republican MONTGOMERY. 1 Alton A. Wa?r-ith Republican NASSAU. 1 Thomas A. McWhlnnejr. Republican 2 Franklin A. Coles Republican NEW YORK. 1 Peter J. Hamll Democrat 2 C. B. F. Barra Democrat 3 Peter P. McEUIgott. .. .Democrat 4 Samuel Dlckateln Republican f. Charles D. Donohue. .. .Democrat 6 Sol Ullman Republican 7 'Abraham Ellenbogcn.. . .Republican 8 Herman Weiss Republican 9 Philip A. Walter Democrat 10 William W. Pellet Republican II Io A. ICahn Democrat 12 Martin G. MoCue Democrat 13 John J. Cronln Democrat 14 Mark Goldberg Democrat . 15 'Joseph .Steinberg Republican 16 Maurice Bloch Democrat 1 Alex Fox Democrat 18 'Owen M. Klernan Democrat 19 Martin J. Healy Democrat 20 Charles A. Winter Democrat 1 'John C. Hawkins Republican 2 Karl A. Smith Democrat 23 Elliott Burston Democrat NIAGARA. 1 William Bewley Republican 2 N. V. V. Franchot Republican ONEIDA. 1 II. W. Booth Republican 2 Louis M. Martin Republican 3 George T. Davis Republican ONONDAGA. 1 Manuel J. Soulc Republican 2 Gardner J. Chamberlln... Republican S-Hleorge R, Fearon. Republican ONTARIO. 1 George M. Tyler Republican ORANOE. 1 William F. Brush Republican 2 Charles L. Mead Republican ORLEANS. 1 Frank H. Iittln Republican OSWEGO. 1 Thaddeus C. Sweet Republican OTSEGO. 1 Allen J. Bloomfleld Republican PUTNAM. 1 John P. Donohue Republican . QUEENS. 1 Peter A. Lelnlnger Democr.v. 2 Bernnrd Schwab Democrat 3 John Kennedy Democrat 4 Frank E. Hopkins Republican 5 Albert J. Brackley Democrat 6 William H. O'Hare Democrat RENSSELAER. 1 John F. Shannon Democrat 2 Arthur Cowee Republlcai, RICHMOND. 1 Thomas F. Gurley Democrat 2 Henry A. Seesselberg. . .Democrat ROCKLAND. 1 Gordon H. Peck Republican ST. LAWRENCE. 1 Frank U Seaker Republican 2 Edward A. Everett Republican SARATOGA. 1 Clarence C. Smith Republican SCHENECTADY. 1 Walter S. McNab Republican 2 A. Edgar Davles ..Republican SCHOHARIE. 1 Harry M, Greenwald .... Republican SCHUYLER. 1 Hiram H. Graham Republican SENECA. 1 Lewis W. Johnson Republican STEUBEN. 1 Samuel E. Quackenbush. Republican 2 Delevan C. Hunter Republican SUFFOLK. 1 John G. Down Republican 2 Ida B. Sammls Republican SULLIVAN. 1 William J. Brown Republican TIOGA. 1 Daniel F. Witter Republican TOMPKIN8. 1 Casper Fenner Republican ULSTER. 1 Joel Brink Republican WARREN. 1 Frank C. Hooper Republican WASHINGTON. 1 Eugene R. Norton Republican WAYNE. 1 Frank D. Oaylord Republican WESTCHESTER. 1 Bertrand G. Burtnett. ., .Republican 2 Walter W. Westall Republican 3 Edward J. Wilson Republican 4 Charles Veztn, Jr Republican 5 George Blakely Republican WYOMING. 1 Bert P. Gage Republican v YATES, 1 James M, Lown, Jr Republican Republicans , 9fc Democrats li Socialist 1 Total 150 Doubtful. 241) Rhodes Nnbolnra Went to IVsr. London, Nov. 4. Up to the presen' time 210 Rhodes scholars from the Do minions and British Colonies havo take p.trt In the war. Of tills number S " gained honors and distinctions and t' d ed In a.-tlon. V li r r