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13 ' 1 IS fe lt ft 1-tV. 1 It. 44 1ST AND NEW TORtC PrtESS. 8ATUHDAY. NOVKMDEIl 0, 1018. MRHUBIt OF THE ASSOCIATED rREBS. , The Afteltd Press la exclusively, en 'tided to the use (or republication of all nans despatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In thli paper and alto th tool newe published htreln. . , , . All rights of republication of epeclal despatches herein are also reserved. S.Mtred at the root Office at New York aa Bscond Class Malt Matter. Sobacttpllons br Mall, roatpaid. One Six One Year. Months. Month. SAILT Bl)NDAT...10.00 M.00 fl.JO AII.Y only .0O 4.00 .78 itUNDAY nly 8.00 J.W .40 . Canadian TUtsi. DAILY A 8UNDAT... 110.00 M.00 1.00 DAILY only 1.00 4.00 .W SUNDAY only 5.00 tM .40 FoisiON IUTES. DAILY A SUNDAY... 4.00 $l.00 SJ.SS DAILY only 1S.00 .00 1.J0 SUNDAY only .0 4.40 .1 Tim SVRNIKd HUN. Per Month W.S0 TIIK KVKNINO SUN, Per Year....... 60 TiHl EVit.Nl.Ntl 8UN(Forslin),rr MO. 1.80 All checks, money orders, Ac, to be 'made payable to Tni Bex. Published dally. Includlnr Sunday, by the Bun Printing and publishing Association, ' 1&0 Nateau at.. Borough ot Manhattan, N. Y. l'rettdent, Frank A. Muniey, 100 Nassau et.i VUe-fTeildent, Ervln Wardman; 8ecretary, It. H. Tltherlngloni Treat., Wm. T. Dewart, It of ICO Nanau street. London office, 40-4S Fleet etreet. , Parle office. 6 Rue am la Mlchodlere, off Hoe du Quatre fleptanvbrt, Waahlngton office. Munsey Bulldlnc. ,, Brooklyn office, Iloom 202, Katie Bulla- Inr, 803 Washington street. our fritndt o aror Uf tell moan tcr(( and (lwlfaMont for pulllceMon Kit hv rtlettt orllr( rtturnti ftry null in all caeca itni ttanae or that jiarpoK. TELEPHONE. DEEKMAN J200. The BIk Bfuponilbllltjr or tbe Be publican Majority. Tito heart warming news from tfco western front and the amazing out lmrst of Ions pont .emotions produced by a premature report of tbe signing of on armistice bare for tbe moment eclipsed In tbe public mind tbe sig nificance of tbat which happened here at homo last Tuesday. While the American people have been balling peace with a Joy near to frenzy and balling peace not as pacifists In the current meaning of tbe term but ns n nation determined to have nothing short of a peace of complete military victory the belated returns from the Congress districts und the Senatorial rote hare been swelling the dimen sions of the victory won tit the polls under the superb leadership of Will H. Hays of Indiana. Ills political perceptions no more went awry dur ing the campaign than did bis energy slacken or his courage fall. Not only Is the absolute control of both Senate and House In the Sixty sixth Congress now nssured to the Republican party; that control will be exercised by majorities in each bouse far beyond the most optimistic fcopes of a week ago. Tne Sun Is sore that tho greatness of the occa sion and the universal sense among tho elected Republicans of the new responsibility before them would huvo been sufllclent to secure unanimity of policy and action eren if the mar gin had been slender. It Is comfort able, however, to know that the Sen ate Is safe beyond accident; and that the House of Representatives will be organized by a majority of nt least farty and possibly of fifty; a numer ical superiority greater by far than the Democrats huvo possessed since ttie Sixty-third Congress. When Pres ident Wilson entered the White House the Democratic majority In the Honso was forty-nine. It will be apparent, or should be apparent, to erery Republican with tbe prospect of a scat in cither house ot the licit Congress that the com plexion of the eucceedlng Congress, to bo chosen two years hence, and like wise the Presidential election of 1020, will be determined by the manner in which the party meets the responsi bilities and uses the power to which It' has been fortunately restored by the votes of the iKKple to whom Pres ident Wilson addressed his nppeul for continued mastery. This Is a com monplace, but like many common places It is conspicuously true. Unanimity, manifested in the com plete submergence of factional differ ences and personal ambitions, Is of course the first thing Indicated, In order thut perfect team work may ap pear in the organisation of tho two houses, In the making of tbe com mittees and Jn tho utter destruction of that nbhorred sectionalism which during Mr. Wilson's term In otllce has concentrated the Important chair manships in n hierarchy of Southern politicians of n well known and not very expensive type. But even of greater liniort.'iuce -in Its bearing on the future will be the general tono or attitude of Republi can1 control toward the Democratic President and his Administration with regard to international matters grow ing out of the war. This will bo the real test of the worthiness of Jbe- Re publican party to hold the powers now restored to It In the legislative department. Patriotic cooperation, hearty support, generous approvul of ihe wise and proper nets of the Ex ecutive In tho exercise of his constltu-J tlonal functions, may be expected from a Republican majority In the future, even as It has been rendered by a Republican minority In the pat. With full power, however, to block, to reverse, to veto the non partisan policies of the Administration, there will perhaps bo a temptation to nswert this power, perhaps obstructively, v perhaps extremely, us long as politics 'remains unadjourned on the other aide of the line. There may he a temptation to push Investigations Into the past doings of the Administration with an animus transcending the A limits of necessary ond Impartial In (lalry. Even political oxpcdloncy re ciulros that tho temptation shall be resisted; but Thk Sun hopes that or dinary fulrness and patriotic duty will dictate to common sense tho moderate and temperate course. We are gtad to hava tl this view of future Republican policy the au thority of so eminent, so even and bo snno a Republican mind as that of ex President Taft. Writing In the Pub lie Ledger of Philadelphia, Mr. Taft urges upon the attention of tho com ing Republican majorities In the Sen ate and House the importance of tildetrncklng partisanship even the partisanship invited nnd provoked by President Wilson himself. and of contributing on the Republican elde to a period of wlso amity and coop eration between tho two coordinate branches of the Government engaged In settling tho questions growing out of tho war. I There could bo no soundor advice. There could be no more patriotic ap peal. There could 'jbe no more sensi ble observation nnd perception than Is contained In Mr. Taft's remark that the people will not stand heck ling of tho President merely to grnt Ify resentment at past partisanship. Admiral TTIUon, Who Commands at Tirest. Admiral Henby B. Wilson of the United States Novy, who has' promptly and unhesitatingly acknowledged tho part ho played in the dissemination of the unfounded report circulated by the United Press concerning the ac ceptance of General Focn's armistice terms by Germany, Is an able nnd experienced ofllcer, whose work In France nnd on the waters ndjaccnt thereto has won for him high respect from his comrades and from foreign observers. Recently Admiral Wilson was visited by the President of Prance, who made an Inspection of tho Ameri can base and tho vessels operating from It, at tho conclusion of which he complimented the commandant highly on the achievements of our country men under his direction. Subse quently there was conferred on Ad miral Wilson the Cross of the Legion of Honor, In recognition of his Impor tant services. Admiral Wilson, grnt' fled though he must have been by this expression of esteem and respect, de clined to accept tho cross, basing his refusal on the ground that tho work ho was engaged in was not of n char acter Justifying him, under the rules and practices of the United States Navy, to accept a decoration from a foreign Tower. The press despatches recording his decision suggested that he conceived the nets of war for which foreign decorations may be accepted to be acts performed In ac tual combat. At that time The Sun took occasion to speak of the essen tial, arduous and highly complicated task entrusted to Admiral Wilson, and said that there would be many who would not agree with Admiral Wilson's classification of his own duties, but that nobody would fall to applaud his modesty, as all acknowl edged his success In his post. Wo hare now to ndd only that Ad miral Wilson's frankness matches his modesty, and It Is obvious that his courage Is not of that kind which re quires the stimulation of battle to bring It to the surface. Maror Hylsn's Order of October S. Mayor Hylan was subjected to a great deal of adrerse criticism because of bis order closing the subaqueous tunnels In New York and the bridges across the East River on the nfter noon of October 5, the day on which tho Gillespie shell loading plant at Morgan, N. J., was destroyed by ex plosion and fire. It was asserted that he had fallen Into a panic and was responsible for much unnecessary In convenience, and not a little suffering on the part of the thousands of per sons who were deprived of the usual means of transportation about town. It now turns out that before Issu ing the order Mayor Hylan consulted Fire Chief Kenlon, and that experi enced nuthorlty on conditions In nnd about New York counselled him to take the path of safety, to guard the city so far 03 human prevision could guard It against the possibility of a terrible disaster. Fortunately, no ex plosion nt Morgan Injured the tunnels or bridges; even that an explosion which might have done so was Immi nent has not been established. Yet The. Sun believes Mayor Hylan was Justified In his order of October 5, acting, as he did, on the advice of Chief Kenlon; and we have still to hear that John Kenlon Is nit alarm ist, or that he habitually loses his head In the presence of danger. The Man Who Taught Our Officers Mathematics. Colonel ICdoab Wales Bass, whose death In this city "is reported yes terday, taught mathematics to Peb kiiino, Bt'NpY, Edwabds and most of the other commanding officers In the American army. He was profes sor of mathematics at the Military Academy, West Point, for twenty year, and during that period the hardest tnsk of the cadet was to win n victory over "math" with Colonel Bass Intrenched In the class room. Mathematics Is one ot the most Im portant blanches ot study at the Mili tary Academy; without proficiency In It a cadet will not be graduated, whatever his excellence In other studies; upon mathematics largely tlepeuds bis class rank and his assign ment to duty. It Is a department remarkable for the few changes In Its professorship; Professor Chukch, who wns Bass's Immediate successor, was at the head of the department for forty-eight years ; ho taught math ematlcs to Shibman, Sheridan and many of tho officers on both the Union nnd Confederate sides in the civil war. Chukch was 11 fatherly, kindly man in his treatment of the cadets, with a fondness In his Inter days for friendly discussions nnd helpful suggestions to the "Jmmor- . tnls," tho "loKglng members of the class who were so nnfortunnte as to fall behind in their comprehension of tho Intricate calculations that they were required to understand. Colonel Bass lias" been described ns "nn exceedingly accurate, mathemati cian"; to the Oitrd and fourth claw men he was mathematics Itself. To tho "plcbo" he was represented by tho upper class mentis an ogre In trenched belHlnd n rnmpart of num bers, rules nnd equations; It was Im pressed upon the young soldier that even if he passed through the barb wlro entanglements of algebra, ge ometry ant trAjonomctry, ho was merely on Jhe outer defences, that he would surely fait when he cape up against Professor Bass In tlw 'formi dable fortiess of differential and In tegral calculus. Professor Bass was a keen and very alert man with a quick step that there' was no mistaking as he walked down tho hall of the Academic build ing. He entered the class roorrv wltli the air of a man) Intent upon thoTbusl ness of the mordent; It was a tradi tion that tho doubtful cadet could tell his fate by the manner in which .Bass nervously rolled his pencil between the palms of his hands. The dreams of more aspiring young Napoleons were shattered by mathe matics than by all the other studies nt the Academy. But that was not Professor Bass' fault. Though a strict, severe disciplinarian, no man was over really more helpful to his ipupils, no ono fairer or more Just. !lle was determined, and in that de termination ho was eminently suc cessful, that ev-ery West Pointer should know the mathematics ot the soldier's profession. Tho American Soldier In France. Praise enough has been bestowed upon our troops In France to turn the heads'of less sensible men. Kings and Presidents nnd Premiers aW Field Marshall have paid tribute to their skill, their valor, their discipline and their line spirit. All of this Is fine and stirring. But to many a mother back home, nothing Foch can say will ecm quite so lino as this that the children of France love the doughboys. That speaks volumes,does It not? For while tho praise of Focu is quite sincere, no doubt, still and all he Is but a General praising soldiers, wblle the. children, knowing nothing of their military qualities, hitvlng not the slightest thought or need ot playing diplomats, love our men for what they are In their hearts, fine nnd clean nnd friendly. We have made them soldiers, but the children's per fectly Ingenuous testimony assures us that in doing so their natures have not been spoiled. The schoolmaster of an unnamed French village near the front asked his pupils to write, without prepara tion, little compositions describing the American soldiers billeted In the hamlet. A Captain of engineers ob tained the artless manuVrlpts and sent them nloug to an English pub lication. They nre great reading, all thirteen of them, but a few extracts must suffice : "The on that I know Is tall, well built. He Is very amiable and kind to children. Whenever ho meets one on the road he will stop bis horses and ttfke htm along. Ite Is a horse driver. When tt is ralnlntr he does not care, he will then whistle -with atl his mleht." Ernestine Cabannes. 'They like swertA very much. They are clean; they -wash at! their body with cold wator. They nre very polite. They do not have the same religion as we have, but It does not matter; they are free to practise the one they choose, or none." Camille Duboris. v "The American soldier lias a sreat love for his family. He always speaks of his mother, of his father, brothers and sisters. There Is one who comes to my houio often. They are Jealous among themselves. When one of them goes In a house to learn French. If one day he finds another fellow In that ! house, art American soldier, he wilt not come back any more' Matiiii.dc I.e- COMMERKt. "I saw the American soldleis at their meals. It Is very funny. They stand In a Ions- line and laugh aloud. When their meal Is over they start singing." Pierre Louipien. Tho same note runs throughout ; the strangers are remarkably fond of batlw, they nre greedy for candy, uml, strangest of nil, they smile! Thus with pathetic unconsciousness tho infants write their terrible Indict ment of the foe. We might forget? much else In time, but not this that the little children of t France remarked upon It when they saw soldiers who smiled. A New .Southern Front. A despatch from the War Office, Home, announces that the Italians huve entered Meruit ond Bolza'no, or Botzcn. These two towns arc about a hundred miles north of the south ern boundary ot the Trout Inn and half way fn in tho Italian border to the Brenner Pass on the line mark ing tho Tyrollan territory to ho evac uated by Austro-Hungarlan troops. This advance Indicates tho speedy occupation of the Trontlno. To this there Is apparently no opposition ; the disbanding Austrian armies are leav ing the country Intent upon saving themselves from starvation and In n slate of great demoralization, The size of the force which Is occupy ing the country Is not revealed, hut that it Is of sufficient strength to alarm the Bavarians is evident from a statemont Issued by the Bava rian Minister of War, In a note to THE SUN, SATURDAY, tho authorities of Tyrol ho says that Bavarian troops will march to tho Tyrollnn frontier. "Wo come ns friends," the Minister says, "but will uso force if resisted." The advance from Italy Is not tho only menace now threatening Ba varia. A despatch from Berno re ports tho rapid mobilization of men of mllltnry ago- In Bohemia. The force which is being thus collected Is largely from tho Cxocho-Slorak elements of tho population, and it is stated that the mobilization Is against Germany nnd that the movement of tho army will be agnlns the neigh boring territory of Bavaria. These threats of Invnslon give grounds for the belief that Bavaria will be forced to call troops which she now has on the western front to the defence of her own land The Temp of Paris says that It has Information from Berne that tho Pre mier of Bavaria has sent nn urgent note to the German Government 'de claring that if an armistice Is not concluded without delay "he will bo obliged officially to order the BavS' rlan troops to return from the front." Tho new front thus formed, and which tho Bavarians will evidently bo forced to defend, is tho line marked by tho Tyrollan highlands l..ld tho frontier of Bohemia. Genet al Pershing's literary Style. General Pebsiiinq's ability to say tbe right thing In tho right way and at the right time has never been more happily displayed than in his fellci tous remarks to a party of French newspaper correspondents on Wednes day, reported in the American news papers of yesterday. In a few more than 200 words he expressed com' pletely and eloquently the admiration he and his comrades In arms feel for their French associates, a sentiment shared by nil Americans, and which many of General Pessiuno's country men have -endeavored to put into words. None of them has succeeded better than General Pershino In this laudable enterprise, nnd precious few have dono as well as he has. One Impressive quality of nil Gen oral Peoshino's utterances Is the ab sence from them of any shade or tinge of egotism. He sieaks habitu ally its a representative, not as a master. Tlxus, In his praise of the French lighting men, the pronoun "I" does not occur once, nnd every phrase thnt can be construed as Including General Persihnu Includes nteo every man under his command. The sen tences quoted from General Per- siiinu's remarks contain nit hint of self-praise, nor even of a conscious ness of his owu Importance In the organization for which he spoke. This Interesting result Is accom plished without that apparent effort which marks the product of vanity subdued by circumstances. Instead, the natural Inclination of the author of tbe lines under consideration Is obvious lu the words he uses, In which his complete Identification of himself with the great machine ho has done so much to create and which he directs us Commander In Chief Is made manifest. General Pershino plainly does not think of himself alone, but of his comrades. and himself ns fellow In n tremen dous enterprise. What we know of General Per shing's task In Franco and the way ho has done his work Is fragmentary nnd Incomplete, but our knowledge covers n number of the addresses and writings, official, formal and Informal, It has been necessary or advisable for him to put forth, and In nil of them tho true modesty of a mnn who neither exalts nor belittles himself Is conspicuous. His utterances are marked by heartiness, good sense and instinctive recognition of the relative values of individuals nnd organiza tions. We have, indeed, lKen fortu nate to hove In the supremely Impor tant post General Pershino fills a man so. gifted as the Commander In Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces lu France. Tho report that Bavaria has reor ganized Itself as a republic may ex pluln the anxiety ot the Bavnrlan royal family to nio Us claim for the German Imperial throne. If nntlonwldo prohibition had been submitted to popular vote Thursday evening the country would have gone overwhelmingly wet. One of the favorite Heiresses of tho motion picture t boat res has been con demned by -a Jury to pay 1100,000 on a contract with her agent; but what Is $100,000 to a motion picture star? Has any one yet ventured po suggest that tho falso reports were aerman propaganda to frustrate our paper conservation? It mlffht Interest tho Mayor and the Fuel Administration tp know that New York does not caro whether or not Hvlan's plan for counting coal Is per mitted as long as there Is enough coal to count. Anyway, Now York Is well practiced In tho art of appropriate demonstration for tho real occasion. Criticism by nn Aviator's Father. To Tltr. liiiTon or The Sun Sir.- Al low mo to criticise Frnnk V. Tonney's article In Tits Sundat Sun, October 37, entitled "Alrplar.ea Soon for Everyday Use." He belittles tho qualifications neces sary to niako a flier to such an extent that one wonders If It la not prompted by the personal envy of a disgruntled "ground man." FATiint or a Naval Rssirve Aviatoii. Nsw York, Novembor S. Intltrtlon to Wannlli. To Tiir. KniToa or Tiir Hon .fir. Tar Sun bnama forth once more to-day lis pet cloud Kitcliln nna scud awny; Its hlailng scorn near alsrlrd the city. So we votsd IUpuu out ot purest self. pity Ulsis en, eld Sun, blaie sal NOVEMBER' 9, 1918. HELP FOR HAM. A Famous French City Wants Ameri can Assistance. To tub Editor or Tn Bun Sir: Mr. Oaltler, Chef d Cabinet of the Prefect of Police of Paris, has forwarded to me tho following- letter, which I trans late, addressed to him by Mr. Charles rjronler, Mayor of the town of Ham, Eomme. France, renowned for the castle where) Napoleon III. was once a pris oner. It tl a locality ot 3,300 Inhabi tants, actually liberated, but almost entirely destroyed, Mr. Qaltlor asks If TlIB SUM can Ho nnm.tMno- tnr Oila unfortunate town. Will it bo possible, ho asks, to find In the United States a town or city wishing- to bo tho god mother of the town of Ham, and help her rebuild the homes of her cltlsensT Mr. Oaltler sent roe the request of the Mayor of Ham, with the hope that his appeal will find' an echo In the hearts of tome generous people. Hero Is the translation of the letter of the Mayor of the town of Ham to Mr. Oaltler: "For the second time Ham Is French again I . . . "It Is a ' small town, very old and historic!, famous for the castle where Napoleon HI. waa once a prisoner, for tha church of the moat remote antiquity, Ac, It la the birthplace ot the Immortal General lAUx, tha statue of whom has been respected by the Germans them ktrrea. . . . "With the suburbs Ham has a popu lation of 6,000 souls. It would not need, then, a very big sum of money to re build tha town. "Will you try to nnd a city In the United States wishing to he tho god mother of the city of Ham? "Please have a word of pity for us and find this generous city which will consent to adopt our dear little town. We shall -to Immensely grateful to you. "CHARLES CI BONIER, "Mayor of Ham, "Sonne, Franca, (temporarily) 30 Place des Voages, Paris." Mr. Oronltr has been a nrtnn In Germany, having been sent to Germany air uio uermans naa decided not to shoot htm. IDs houss ) ntlmW H. stroyed. It Is for fals reason that he Is living temporarily In Paris. Mr. Eteve, assistant Mayor, Is actually nt Ham. his home having been spared. May I ask you to publish this letter In your esteemed paper? Qeokoe Bioot, Editor of the French Delineator. New York, November 8. WALL STREET ON THE NEWS OF PEACE. 1805 and 1818. To the Editor or Tits sun Sir: A book or letters which passed between members of a well known vr Vow fnmlly during the civil war contains the following as to what two ladles saw and heard on the day after L.o hod ,if-.n. ucrru 10 urani in April, IS65: On tbe ilar that tli. m iv,. r.nJ.r ot 19' itm, r-.m. n v. v.i. It waa Impossible for thla family tu ac- i" a a matter ot course. The ellcnce anil lack of enthualaJim uptown ami the tlcM ot tho woman rolnr tn .n ...i, n. the dry gooda ahopa aa usual as un bearable. Mother and I aald to each other, "Coma, let ui aee what Wall Street la doing." We took an omnlhu. waa entirely emntv hni fn. n, , droie down to the neighborhood of the Cuatom Hokia. Aa we cama near, tha atreeta were more and more blocked, thousand! nnd thousands of men standing crowdlna UDon each ntji.r - among mem an the narrow atreeta WHICH comer tn tn.l n.l.i .1. men. thousands more, .nlldly packed. Aa the omnlbua came to n .,.n nn, .hi. to moe a step further, they were singing neir nearta would burst: "Praise Ood from Whom all blessings flow. Praia Him all creaturea here below , Praise Him abore, ye heavenly host. rraise t amer. eon and Holy Ghost." A young man. half f.intinp. ta.i,t. .Ai... threw himself Into the omnibus. aalng.' 'J "va wen at It for I)Oura." My business took me Into ih part of Wall street repeatedly yester day afternoon, nnd I ui n.ham.i . confess that If there was the slightest novo 01 inani.Bgiwng to God for Ms mercy of peace. I fliri tn v,o.... .. there or elsewhere In the streets of this CIV. VlTtIT v v Nw York, November S. OUR DEBTORS. We Should Go Slow In Cancelling Their Obligations. To the Editor or Tim Kitv .?.-. ti, aetonlahlng suggestion has been inndo recently in a speech by Gcorcn W. Wlclterahnm that he would 1IW io B. America forgive our Allies the dvbts they owe us and eend receipted bills to Oreat Britain, France nnd Italy, since then I have seen one or lira letter nn. proving thu Idea. This sucjestlon Is ono or tim nenti. mental outbursts that sometimes htam pede an audience, but I fancy the com mon sense of the people generally will repudiate It as not only untimely but silly. We don'tyet know what Inriom. nttles and reparations are to bo ob tained rrom the Central Powers, which Will certainly have a dlr(-( nn.l stantlal bearing on the financial con- auion or our allies, and It Is pretty early for us to exhibit livstnHr.nl i..n.v. olenco and make fools of ourselves tn the amusement of n irrlnnlng world. Which, while admitting our a-rnernxltv. would surely hide a smile at our mawk Ishness and crudity. Onerous taxes are ahead nt it. fnr many years, and wo shall pay them gladly as a cheap price for what we have gained, but not only ourselves but the generation to follow have a right to the nronortlonato teiluntlon iwhlrn h settlement of those entirely righteous outsianuing ouiutauons in our favor will brine about. America, which has done so much toward forcing the present satisfactory military situation, doe not need to burRt with III timed benevolence which no body has a right to expect, which no body has asked for nnd which would proliably be tt-sentrd. We in a iie'iliftps a little drunk with mircess, but we don't need to slobber our generosity oter friendly nations, who nre quite ns ready to tav their debts as wn ar,t nnr nnH proud enough to Insist on doing It. Tho suggestion of Mr. Wlckersham seems de cidedly out of place and In remarkably poor tsjite, New Yorkkiu New York, November 8. Who Is Downhearted I To tub Knrroa or The HvxStr: Cheer up, Hiin readers! Also campaign los ers I Wo have 'Turkey" for Thanksgiv ing and Knlstr Hill's "Goose" for Christ mas. Nicholas Nomas. Lawrence, Muss., November 7. Fallen Might, Samson bemoaned his haircut, "Naver mind." w assured him, "tfca Kilter's mustache will bt worst.". ANOTHER SON OF A CONTI NENTAL SOLDIER. Connecticut Has a True Bon of tho IteTolntlon. To tub KotTon or Tub Sun Sir: Hav ing read the article by Mr. William M. Sweeney And Its subjoined letter In ro gard to living sons of Continental sol diers, which was printed In these col umns November 1, I wish to submit the following Item clipped from the. New Mllford Times of October 2t, I know tha writer ot the article per sonally and who la now a man of SO years himself. Howard H. Pjcck. Nxw MiLroao, Conn., November 8, LITINO BOM Or A AZTOLUTIOKABT SOLDIER From lk Xtv ilUttci, Com., Tinea. The Revolution Record says that James Wheeler enlisted In tho Revolu tionary Army nnd that both ho and his wife drew pensions. At the age or 03 years he and hlB wife had a son, Percy Wheeler, who now lives In Sherman, Conn. Mr. Wheeler la now 96 years old and last week was seen chopping wood at his home. Can any one tell me of another liv ing son of a Revolutionary soldier? Danish b. Mallort. Sherman, Conn. ARMY RANK FOR TEACHERS. Would It Increase Their Dignity in the Eyes of Soldier Students? ToTita Eorron or Tit Bun Sir: There Is a strange stato of affairs In the newly organised war colleges ot the country. The students In these colleges are duly enrolled soldlors of the United States Army, clothed and equipped by the aovernmtnt and amenable to the discipline administered by army ofneora. They wear tha oltve drab of tho army and are serving their country as much as It in any one ot tha cantonments. For improving tho capability of these soldiers tha aovernmtnt has put the stamr ot Its approval on a system of Instruction to be administered by tho faculties of these collects, to whom these student soldiers are also amenable In certain matters of discipline. The faculty members do not belong to the army, though they do have au thority over soldiers In the army. Now tho writer of this communication can see little or no difference between a teacher who fills soldiers' minds with in tellectual matter and a dentist who Wis soldiers' teeth with cement. Both are making the soldiers bettor agents ot Uncle Sam. It Is very likely that neither knows much ot the manual of arms or of I. D. H. In general. The Government evidently believes that these teachers, as well aB these dentists, malte these soldiers moro ser viceable and more capable of safe guarding the rights and privileges of American cltlxens and of upholding the honor ot the flag. Otherwise tho Government would not have put these boys under tholr care. Yet the dentist Is a duly commissioned officer ot the United States Army, the teacher Is a civilian. Tho teacher may be glvlne In struction In trigonometry, something absolutely essential for artillerists, or some phase of chemistry knowledgo of which Is most needful In gas warfare, or French and Italian, which every one acknowledges will Increase efficiency nt the front. Furthermore, even though these student soldiers arc Instructed by their officers to glvo the military sa lute to the!.- teachers and to stand at attention at certain tlmeS In the class room the situation Is still Incongruous, for It seems inappropriate for it civilian to ba rotsrnlng the military salute to soldiers. And, too. It appears decidedly out of place for a teacher in civilian garb to nppear before a class entirely In uniform. It would add greatly to the authority and dignity of the professors of the war colleges If they could have rank. Every one knows that not all those In the army are In tho flghtllvs forces. Perhaps war college faculties might be called a part of the Intelligence de partment. Or let the teachers of chem istry belong to the chemical warfare bfanrti. those teaching military law to the Judge Advocate General's Depart ment, those giving Instruction In French and Italian to the Intelligence Depart ment or to the Corps of Intcrprcte-s. Nor would Uncle Sam be at all lessen ing the Importance that has always been attached to a commission in tho United States Army. Civilian Instructor. Kaston, Ta., November S. SOLDIERS' PAY. Ilenenrd Complaint of tho Delays in Distribution. To thk Editor of Tits Sun Sir: As to the workings of red tape and appar ent indifference In Washington regard ing allotments to parents': My son has been in France since April ; the last allotment check sent to us -was in July for June wages; nothing since. In October I wrote (to tho War Risk Insurance Uureau. Quartermaster. General, also to the Adjutant-Oeneral of the Army. To none of these com munications have I received a reply. In a letter from Franco written Octolier IS I heard my son was "out of money." Our sons gave up much to enlist for Uncle Sam at Jl a day, nnd It does seem that the equivalent should be forthcomlrg to tnem and their parents. I have knowl edge of lllto experiences of others, but cite my own. Aji Investigation conducted by one such as ex-Judge Hughes would bring to light some glaring faults In the "pay ond" of the army. A. V. C. Genu.vu, Jr. Est Orakqe, N. J., November 8. Thrift Stamps (or Christmas, To the Knrron or The SfK Sir: ChrtstmaR givlnt should certainly be curbed to savo money for the Govern ment during the war, but why not sim ply give our frlonds thrift stamps and war savings stamps for remembrances? This would be helping the Government , very directly, and It seems to mo It should carry the Christmas mcssago of love to our friend. Just a.s .truly an ex- pensive or use.ess gifts or even cards. I tor i tninK a great oeai or money Is ' squandered lu the latter, I myself Inttnd to give no othor pres ents and can make my gifts as largt or small ns my purse will allow. In stead of sending cards to friends I have not seen for some time I am hoping to be able to send each a letter which will cost nothing but a stamp nnd will Ije much more welcome, I am sure. Summit, N, J., November 8. G, w. The l'rlcle of Place. Th King waa In his counting house, counting up his money, tha Queen was In tha kllahtn eating bread and honey, "Proof wa don't belong to the Central Powers," thty boasted. FARRELL OPPOSES ECONOMIC1 WARFARE Tolls Foreign Trndo Council Pcaco Terms Must Tnko Cure of Conditions. NEW TREATIES REQUIRED Members Favor Legislation to Put American Shipping on Better Basis. James A. Farrcll, president of the United States Steel Corporation nnd chairman of the National Foreign Trado Council, declared unqualifiedly yester day against an economic war against the Teutonic peoples after the termina tion of the conflict of arms. Ho told the delegates assembled u he council's fifth annual meeting tn tho Ulltmoro that If tho peace terms are satisfactory there will be no need of economic war faro, and that on the other hand, If the terms aro not satisfactory "economic warfare will bo Impossible." His re marks were applauded by tho rcprv sentatlves of the banking, manufactur ing, farming, steamship And railroad In terests from all over tho country who attended the conferencee. "The progress of tho war," said Mr. Farrbll, "has been marked by much dis cussion of proposals for and conditions of a continuance of the contest by eco nomic forces after the military atrugglo Is ended. Our supreme duty 1 to seo to It that the peace terms render Im possible tho continuance of conditions sought to be corrected or prevented by economio warfare There aro other problems which In volve International relationship In their erred upon our foreign trade, Ono of these, with which we will be much con- corned very soon after the restoration of peace, Is that of tho negotiation ot new commercial treaties to replaco those that have been ruptured by the war or nave been denounced by the Govern ments associated with us In tho war." An nrsument for the repeal of the La Fo i-tte seaman's law prescribing me number of sailors to be cmDloved aboard a ship nnd fixing tho wages to he paid them was advanced In a report submitted by the committee on merchant marine, which Is composed of Mr. Far rell, chairman : P. A. 8. Tranltlln, presi dent of the International Mercantile Marine and chairman ot the Joint com mittee on shipping control, and Capt. itobert Dollar, president of the Robert Dollar Company of San Francisco. The economio effect of the seaman's law. the committee declared, would mako lmpos- imdio me retention and operation of the newly constructed American merchant marine under the American flag. I-or one thing is absolutely sure." said tho report, "unless these vessels can bo operated profitably under the American flag, either they will be trans ferred to foreign registry, or they will runt out a useless existence which will soon terminate on tho scrap heap. "No one contends or believes that it Is not desirable to have American ves sels fully manned by competent crews and to have American seamen enjoy the best possible conditions of life and ser vice, nnd receive In wages nn ample re turn for their labor. Hut It Is perfectly obvious that provision. of law which require American vessels to maintain lnrser crews, nnd to pay them hUhcr wages than Is the case with forelcn vensels. necessarily subject such Ameri can vessels to a disadvantage which renders it difficult If not Impossible for them to continue In operation against the competition of foreign vessels." As nn Incident of the national nKrce- ment nnd settlements soon to be worked lout the Committee on Merchant Mn- ilne, recommended thnt the maritime) na tions nirrce upon uniform shipping and maritime regulations "which will impose equal conditions and requirements upon nil alike." nnd "Insuro that equality which will give everyone a fair chance." The committee recommended that the "present accelerated programme" In the construction ot steel ships ho continued fur a considerable time after the ter mination of the war. The Committee on Foreign Relations, In its ipport. strongly urged prompt economio nsalstnnoe to Russia, and nyked for an authoritative expression from the Government of Its Intention to support foreign trade. Among those who were present were Fairfax Harrison of Richmond. Vu , president ot the Southern Railway; Alba H Johnson of Philadelphia, president Haldwln Ixcomottve Works; Frank A. VnndcTlIp, president National City Hani: R A. 8 Clarke, president Lacka wanna Steel Company; W. H. Rukfo, Memphis; E. P. Thomas, president United States Steel Corporation; Thomas R Wilson and John J. Arnold, Chicago : M. K. Farr, president Ameri can Shipbuilding Company at Cleveland ; Henry Hnwnid, Hoston ; K. II. Huxley, president United States Rubber Kxpnrt Company; Howard Cole. Standard Oil Company of New York; Mnuilcr Coster. Weatlnghouse Klortrle Company; XI A. i Oudln, Gencial Klcctrle Company;! Charles M. Muchnle, American Locomo-! tlve Sales Comptny ; F. 11. Taylor, Philadelphia; H. C. Iewis. National Paper nnd Type Company : P. II. Jen nines and Charles A. Schlrren, ,Tr ; Dan iel Warren, American Trading Company, and Walter U Clark, Portsmouth, N. 11. WAR HONORS WON ' BY 100 YALE MEN Recipients Include Some of 124 Who Are Dead. Xnw lTAT-r..v. Nov. S At-cordlng tn n Ftatemcnt tsfued nt Ynl tn-ilay. more than a hundred Yale mn, graduate nnd undergraduate, have been recipients of war honors conferred by thn United States, France. Great llrltnln. Italy nnd Montenegro, according to data eomntleil at the university secretary's ntllcr The Honors conferred lnclud tho Distin guished .Service Cross, the Legion of Honor, the British Distinguished Servlp Cross and Military Cros, the f'rols do Guerre, tho Italian War Cross. siler Medal of Valor and llronxe Medal, thrt Medal of French Gratitude and the Modal of the Aero Pluh of America. .-ntame achievements and rvtrnot'- I dlnary acts of bravery In various fields I"f war srrvW, Including civilian m-tlvl- ! " re-eiv-l recognition. Mnjor wm,m 'I!',nw',.PV'i:!' An",r!'",M "Vlng p 'V' Dls Si Z ,,, .,. , ,,rone Oak Leaf ) the rank I of chevalier of tho Legion of Honor the rrntx ne our-rre with tlve palms, and the .wruiii ui inn Arm uiii or Atnorici f Kmlr Allen, 'IS, recipient of the Prol'x de Guerre nnd recommended for tho Distin guished Service Cross, Is one or several who either before or nfter being cited lost their lives In thn service. Alan F. Wlnslow, ox-'lS R., credited with being the first In tho Amer .can fly ing service to bring down nn enemy plane, has been awarded tho Distin guished Service Cross and the French War Cross with palms, a conspicuous recognition for civilian service is that of Laurence V. Itenet, '84 H., of Paris, who has received promotion to Commander of the legion of Honor Tho university rocords of war service show 124 Yale mnn In the service have died and ninety-flva have been wounded taken prisoner or reported prisoner ' TAMED TELLS HOW U.S. CAN AID FRANCE IMen, Ships, Raw Materials and Credit Needed to Un do German Devastation. TASK CALLED COLOSSAL Foreign Correspondents' As sociation Icars.of Plans for Restoration. The extent to which Franco Is rely ing on the United States for assistance In that work of reconstruction which will absorb her energies upon tho termi nation of tho war was made clear last night In a speech by Andro Tardteu. French High Commissioner to America and Minister of Franco-American War Affairs In the French Cabinet Tha Commissioner spoke at a recep tion tendered to him in tho Hotel Ptaaa. by the Association of Foreign Corrtspon dents and made it plain that hts coun try is not only relying heavily upon ours for ships, labor, materials' and t. .. . ...til mm wall ttiM flAsrtMt- IIIUIICJ', MUfc , ikvu -.' ' ' nnce of thousands of our soldiers, either those now in France or uiose wno wm yet go over before our army is reoi- n n fnntlntr ITn flaked especially for the help of those troops having tecnmcai skiii aim iiunaeoncu technical equipment. Ho said in part: "to you Americans whoso guest I am for the third time during tho war I will say iraniciy wnai wo exyixi. iron you. "Wo want first Immediate) assistance In tho matter of labor. Wo hope that during tho preparation and the carrying out of the transportation of your troops back: to America, your technical units as well as other units with their equip ment will bo able to oooperato In tbat effort. "Wo soon will have to carry out a colossal work of transportation In view of the supplying of tho regions evacu ated by the enemy? of tho recovering of the railroads In northern and eastern France and in Alsace-Lorraine. Mnat Clear Away Itulna. "Wo will liave to clean tho recon quered ground of the ruins accumulated by the German hordes. Your army will help us In this work while our popula tion will restore her cities and villages. "Again In rcforence to those purchases which will be made In America, we are In need of credits In dollara covering about CO per cenC of our total pur chases for reconstruction. The assurance ot that financial help will bring to every one In France the courage and faith necessary to applv to peace reconstruction the energy ami tho spirit of enterprise she has so prom inently shown during fhe war. "For our agriculture, for our lndus trleo, for our highways, for our rail roads, we need as woll raw materials and machine toola to be delivered as speedily as possible. "We will exact from Germany the restitution of such part of the material taken away from us and which can bo recovered. Rut besides that restitution we must bear In mind thnt speedlness Is a primary condition In tho reconstruction of Franco, and that America, on nocount of her Immense capacities for production, ought to give us the first help. "There Is still with us an Immediate. a(l Important need tho supply of which" Is the necessary condition of everything else. We need ships, chartered ships ns well ns ships transferred to our flag. The speedy reconstruction of tho country is strictly depending on the revival of our mercantile fleet. French Marine Need Aid. "Thn colossal effort put up by the Untod Statesi In the building of her fire' for war purposes will not bo diverted from this sacred end If it in part helps France to recover on the seas for the revival of her forces In peace tho means of transportation which were lost to he on account of tho war. "In reference to these four Items labor, credit, raw materials and ships ' have explained In detail our needs to your Administration by whose welcome I hav -been deeply moved. 'What I told then, what I asked for, I am telling to yn i again, because a policy of secrecy do not befit our day. "I pm repeating It to you, representa tives of tho largest newspapers' In th world, because I wish you to echo In your turn our requests. "1 am stating these requests public because France can pride herself on hav ing taken an Immense lhare In the war :ind in tho victory nnd on being able t.i Mat" to her allies tbe price sho has paid for tho results obtained. 'Speaking to America. Know that 1 need nor add anything to these facts: fc vou It Is enough to know in order to will." Commissioner Tardleu Is nn honorary member of the Foreign Correspondent"' Association by virtue of his having hni" at one time foreign editor of the Tomi of Parts. In addition to his Cabinet offl. he Is one of tho flvo members of tt French War Council, which Includes Pre mier Clemenceau nnd Mnrshal Foch. NEW ASTON KNIGHT LANDSCAPES SHOWN Connecticut Scenes Depicted in Productions. Aston Knight, whose most recent lamUc.ipPH are being shown In the Joh' Ivy Art naileries, had that mewt awk v in si or handicaps for nn artist, a famous father, Rldgway Knight, but 1. t.as been surmounting It bravely, at. 1 now hn a continuously Increasing clientele of his own. Owing to the war he has given up foreign residence nnd has been painting l lie American scene, and that Is an as fisting factor In bis popularity, fn Americans have not on'y shown nn Increase-! liking for the strlctlv natlw theme. but prefer it painted In tlio coo' crisp easy fashion that this atttst has developed. , Mr. Knight has been working In Poi i.ectlcut nnd thr-re ho found euhjc- similar to thivo be used to paint I . Nnnran.lv. France ii,,t..i t... that often when painting so'mo of t' Krniui o'n onneoticut trees the tboutr' Ims comi' to him: "How llarplgniis H orot would have loved thnt tu'o'" Ho ban made a number of i-ne'y fit' l.-thnri Studies nt nnhlo !.... ' . . wlllown and professes to think thnt t. trro Is the finest rcnture of the Amer. enn landscape. Ho Is not averse to tb charms or running water either, nnd tli glassy surfaces of Connecticut stream-, mirroring banks of flcwers or rough' hewn bridges, hnvo been renderi-,1 wltt great clarity. A few landscapes that were painted nt the Sleepy Hollow Golf Club ba. mso been Included In the exhibition ai t they are not tho least Interesting anions the group from tho viewpoint nf con position or brush work The o'd goire will see hazards In theo paintings In tho nveraKo picture lover will hccci them tather as Interpretations of bree? and colorful autumnal days. Mr Knlgl-t has solved the problem of pleasing two different sets of landscape lovers.