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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, November 09, 1918, Image 6

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Published dally. Includlnr Sunday, by the
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' 1&0 Nateau at.. Borough ot Manhattan, N. Y.
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our fritndt o aror Uf tell moan
tcr(( and (lwlfaMont for pulllceMon Kit
hv rtlettt orllr( rtturnti ftry null
in all caeca itni ttanae or that jiarpoK.
The BIk Bfuponilbllltjr or tbe Be
publican Majority.
Tito heart warming news from tfco
western front and the amazing out
lmrst of Ions pont .emotions produced
by a premature report of tbe signing
of on armistice bare for tbe moment
eclipsed In tbe public mind tbe sig
nificance of tbat which happened here
at homo last Tuesday. While the
American people have been balling
peace with a Joy near to frenzy and
balling peace not as pacifists In the
current meaning of tbe term but ns
n nation determined to have nothing
short of a peace of complete military
victory the belated returns from the
Congress districts und the Senatorial
rote hare been swelling the dimen
sions of the victory won tit the polls
under the superb leadership of Will
H. Hays of Indiana. Ills political
perceptions no more went awry dur
ing the campaign than did bis energy
slacken or his courage fall.
Not only Is the absolute control of
both Senate and House In the Sixty
sixth Congress now nssured to the
Republican party; that control will
be exercised by majorities in each
bouse far beyond the most optimistic
fcopes of a week ago. Tne Sun Is
sore that tho greatness of the occa
sion and the universal sense among
tho elected Republicans of the new
responsibility before them would huvo
been sufllclent to secure unanimity
of policy and action eren if the mar
gin had been slender. It Is comfort
able, however, to know that the Sen
ate Is safe beyond accident; and that
the House of Representatives will be
organized by a majority of nt least
farty and possibly of fifty; a numer
ical superiority greater by far than
the Democrats huvo possessed since
ttie Sixty-third Congress. When Pres
ident Wilson entered the White
House the Democratic majority In
the Honso was forty-nine.
It will be apparent, or should be
apparent, to erery Republican with
tbe prospect of a scat in cither house
ot the licit Congress that the com
plexion of the eucceedlng Congress, to
bo chosen two years hence, and like
wise the Presidential election of 1020,
will be determined by the manner in
which the party meets the responsi
bilities and uses the power to which
It' has been fortunately restored by
the votes of the iKKple to whom Pres
ident Wilson addressed his nppeul
for continued mastery. This Is a com
monplace, but like many common
places It is conspicuously true.
Unanimity, manifested in the com
plete submergence of factional differ
ences and personal ambitions, Is of
course the first thing Indicated, In
order thut perfect team work may ap
pear in the organisation of tho two
houses, In the making of tbe com
mittees and Jn tho utter destruction
of that nbhorred sectionalism which
during Mr. Wilson's term In otllce
has concentrated the Important chair
manships in n hierarchy of Southern
politicians of n well known and not
very expensive type.
But even of greater liniort.'iuce -in
Its bearing on the future will be the
general tono or attitude of Republi
can1 control toward the Democratic
President and his Administration with
regard to international matters grow
ing out of the war. This will bo the
real test of the worthiness of Jbe- Re
publican party to hold the powers
now restored to It In the legislative
department. Patriotic cooperation,
hearty support, generous approvul of
ihe wise and proper nets of the Ex
ecutive In tho exercise of his constltu-J
tlonal functions, may be expected from
a Republican majority In the future,
even as It has been rendered by a
Republican minority In the pat.
With full power, however, to block,
to reverse, to veto the non partisan
policies of the Administration, there
will perhaps bo a temptation to nswert
this power, perhaps obstructively,
v perhaps extremely, us long as politics
'remains unadjourned on the other
aide of the line. There may he a
temptation to push Investigations Into
the past doings of the Administration
with an animus transcending the
A limits of necessary ond Impartial In
(lalry. Even political oxpcdloncy re
ciulros that tho temptation shall be
resisted; but Thk Sun hopes that or
dinary fulrness and patriotic duty
will dictate to common sense tho
moderate and temperate course.
We are gtad to hava tl this view
of future Republican policy the au
thority of so eminent, so even and bo
snno a Republican mind as that of ex
President Taft. Writing In the Pub
lie Ledger of Philadelphia, Mr. Taft
urges upon the attention of tho com
ing Republican majorities In the Sen
ate and House the importance of
tildetrncklng partisanship even the
partisanship invited nnd provoked by
President Wilson himself. and of
contributing on the Republican elde
to a period of wlso amity and coop
eration between tho two coordinate
branches of the Government engaged
In settling tho questions growing out
of tho war. I
There could bo no soundor advice.
There could be no more patriotic ap
peal. There could 'jbe no more sensi
ble observation nnd perception than
Is contained In Mr. Taft's remark
that the people will not stand heck
ling of tho President merely to grnt
Ify resentment at past partisanship.
Admiral TTIUon, Who Commands
at Tirest.
Admiral Henby B. Wilson of the
United States Novy, who has' promptly
and unhesitatingly acknowledged tho
part ho played in the dissemination
of the unfounded report circulated by
the United Press concerning the ac
ceptance of General Focn's armistice
terms by Germany, Is an able nnd
experienced ofllcer, whose work In
France nnd on the waters ndjaccnt
thereto has won for him high respect
from his comrades and from foreign
Recently Admiral Wilson was
visited by the President of Prance,
who made an Inspection of tho Ameri
can base and tho vessels operating
from It, at tho conclusion of which he
complimented the commandant highly
on the achievements of our country
men under his direction. Subse
quently there was conferred on Ad
miral Wilson the Cross of the Legion
of Honor, In recognition of his Impor
tant services. Admiral Wilson, grnt'
fled though he must have been by this
expression of esteem and respect, de
clined to accept tho cross, basing his
refusal on the ground that tho work
ho was engaged in was not of n char
acter Justifying him, under the rules
and practices of the United States
Navy, to accept a decoration from a
foreign Tower. The press despatches
recording his decision suggested that
he conceived the nets of war for
which foreign decorations may be
accepted to be acts performed In ac
tual combat. At that time The Sun
took occasion to speak of the essen
tial, arduous and highly complicated
task entrusted to Admiral Wilson,
and said that there would be many
who would not agree with Admiral
Wilson's classification of his own
duties, but that nobody would fall to
applaud his modesty, as all acknowl
edged his success In his post.
Wo hare now to ndd only that Ad
miral Wilson's frankness matches his
modesty, and It Is obvious that his
courage Is not of that kind which re
quires the stimulation of battle to
bring It to the surface.
Maror Hylsn's Order of October S.
Mayor Hylan was subjected to a
great deal of adrerse criticism because
of bis order closing the subaqueous
tunnels In New York and the bridges
across the East River on the nfter
noon of October 5, the day on which
tho Gillespie shell loading plant at
Morgan, N. J., was destroyed by ex
plosion and fire. It was asserted that
he had fallen Into a panic and was
responsible for much unnecessary In
convenience, and not a little suffering
on the part of the thousands of per
sons who were deprived of the usual
means of transportation about town.
It now turns out that before Issu
ing the order Mayor Hylan consulted
Fire Chief Kenlon, and that experi
enced nuthorlty on conditions In nnd
about New York counselled him to
take the path of safety, to guard the
city so far 03 human prevision could
guard It against the possibility of a
terrible disaster. Fortunately, no ex
plosion nt Morgan Injured the tunnels
or bridges; even that an explosion
which might have done so was Immi
nent has not been established. Yet
The. Sun believes Mayor Hylan was
Justified In his order of October 5,
acting, as he did, on the advice of
Chief Kenlon; and we have still to
hear that John Kenlon Is nit alarm
ist, or that he habitually loses his
head In the presence of danger.
The Man Who Taught Our Officers
Colonel ICdoab Wales Bass, whose
death In this city "is reported yes
terday, taught mathematics to Peb
kiiino, Bt'NpY, Edwabds and most
of the other commanding officers In
the American army. He was profes
sor of mathematics at the Military
Academy, West Point, for twenty
year, and during that period the
hardest tnsk of the cadet was to win
n victory over "math" with Colonel
Bass Intrenched In the class room.
Mathematics Is one ot the most Im
portant blanches ot study at the Mili
tary Academy; without proficiency
In It a cadet will not be graduated,
whatever his excellence In other
studies; upon mathematics largely
tlepeuds bis class rank and his assign
ment to duty. It Is a department
remarkable for the few changes In
Its professorship; Professor Chukch,
who wns Bass's Immediate successor,
was at the head of the department
for forty-eight years ; ho taught math
ematlcs to Shibman, Sheridan and
many of tho officers on both the
Union nnd Confederate sides in the
civil war. Chukch was 11 fatherly,
kindly man in his treatment of the
cadets, with a fondness In his Inter
days for friendly discussions nnd
helpful suggestions to the "Jmmor-
tnls," tho "loKglng members of the
class who were so nnfortunnte as to
fall behind in their comprehension of
tho Intricate calculations that they
were required to understand.
Colonel Bass lias" been described ns
"nn exceedingly accurate, mathemati
cian"; to the Oitrd and fourth claw
men he was mathematics Itself. To
tho "plcbo" he was represented by
tho upper class mentis an ogre In
trenched belHlnd n rnmpart of num
bers, rules nnd equations; It was Im
pressed upon the young soldier that
even if he passed through the barb
wlro entanglements of algebra, ge
ometry ant trAjonomctry, ho was
merely on Jhe outer defences, that he
would surely fait when he cape up
against Professor Bass In tlw 'formi
dable fortiess of differential and In
tegral calculus.
Professor Bass was a keen and
very alert man with a quick step that
there' was no mistaking as he walked
down tho hall of the Academic build
ing. He entered the class roorrv wltli
the air of a man) Intent upon thoTbusl
ness of the mordent; It was a tradi
tion that tho doubtful cadet could tell
his fate by the manner in which .Bass
nervously rolled his pencil between
the palms of his hands.
The dreams of more aspiring young
Napoleons were shattered by mathe
matics than by all the other studies
nt the Academy. But that was not
Professor Bass' fault. Though a
strict, severe disciplinarian, no man
was over really more helpful to his
ipupils, no ono fairer or more Just.
!lle was determined, and in that de
termination ho was eminently suc
cessful, that ev-ery West Pointer
should know the mathematics ot the
soldier's profession.
Tho American Soldier In France.
Praise enough has been bestowed
upon our troops In France to turn
the heads'of less sensible men. Kings
and Presidents nnd Premiers aW
Field Marshall have paid tribute to
their skill, their valor, their discipline
and their line spirit.
All of this Is fine and stirring.
But to many a mother back home,
nothing Foch can say will ecm quite
so lino as this that the children of
France love the doughboys. That
speaks volumes,does It not? For
while tho praise of Focu is quite
sincere, no doubt, still and all he Is
but a General praising soldiers, wblle
the. children, knowing nothing of their
military qualities, hitvlng not the
slightest thought or need ot playing
diplomats, love our men for what
they are In their hearts, fine nnd
clean nnd friendly. We have made
them soldiers, but the children's per
fectly Ingenuous testimony assures us
that in doing so their natures have
not been spoiled.
The schoolmaster of an unnamed
French village near the front asked
his pupils to write, without prepara
tion, little compositions describing
the American soldiers billeted In the
hamlet. A Captain of engineers ob
tained the artless manuVrlpts and
sent them nloug to an English pub
lication. They nre great reading, all
thirteen of them, but a few extracts
must suffice :
"The on that I know Is tall, well
built. He Is very amiable and kind to
children. Whenever ho meets one on
the road he will stop bis horses and
ttfke htm along. Ite Is a horse driver.
When tt is ralnlntr he does not care, he
will then whistle -with atl his mleht."
Ernestine Cabannes.
'They like swertA very much. They
are clean; they -wash at! their body with
cold wator. They nre very polite. They
do not have the same religion as we
have, but It does not matter; they are
free to practise the one they choose, or
none." Camille Duboris.
"The American soldier lias a sreat
love for his family. He always speaks
of his mother, of his father, brothers
and sisters. There Is one who comes
to my houio often. They are Jealous
among themselves. When one of them
goes In a house to learn French. If one
day he finds another fellow In that !
house, art American soldier, he wilt not
come back any more' Matiiii.dc I.e-
"I saw the American soldleis at their
meals. It Is very funny. They stand
In a Ions- line and laugh aloud. When
their meal Is over they start singing."
Pierre Louipien.
Tho same note runs throughout ;
the strangers are remarkably fond
of batlw, they nre greedy for candy,
uml, strangest of nil, they smile!
Thus with pathetic unconsciousness
tho infants write their terrible Indict
ment of the foe.
We might forget? much else In time,
but not this that the little children
of t France remarked upon It when
they saw soldiers who smiled.
A New .Southern Front.
A despatch from the War Office,
Home, announces that the Italians
huve entered Meruit ond Bolza'no, or
Botzcn. These two towns arc about
a hundred miles north of the south
ern boundary ot the Trout Inn and
half way fn in tho Italian border to
the Brenner Pass on the line mark
ing tho Tyrollan territory to ho evac
uated by Austro-Hungarlan troops.
This advance Indicates tho speedy
occupation of the Trontlno. To this
there Is apparently no opposition ; the
disbanding Austrian armies are leav
ing the country Intent upon saving
themselves from starvation and In n
slate of great demoralization, The
size of the force which Is occupy
ing the country Is not revealed,
hut that it Is of sufficient strength
to alarm the Bavarians is evident
from a statemont Issued by the Bava
rian Minister of War, In a note to
tho authorities of Tyrol ho says that
Bavarian troops will march to tho
Tyrollnn frontier. "Wo come ns
friends," the Minister says, "but will
uso force if resisted."
The advance from Italy Is not tho
only menace now threatening Ba
varia. A despatch from Berno re
ports tho rapid mobilization of men
of mllltnry ago- In Bohemia. The
force which is being thus collected
Is largely from tho Cxocho-Slorak
elements of tho population, and it is
stated that the mobilization Is against
Germany nnd that the movement of
tho army will be agnlns the neigh
boring territory of Bavaria.
These threats of Invnslon give
grounds for the belief that Bavaria
will be forced to call troops which
she now has on the western front
to the defence of her own land
The Temp of Paris says that It has
Information from Berne that tho Pre
mier of Bavaria has sent nn urgent
note to the German Government 'de
claring that if an armistice Is not
concluded without delay "he will bo
obliged officially to order the BavS'
rlan troops to return from the front."
Tho new front thus formed, and
which tho Bavarians will evidently bo
forced to defend, is tho line marked
by tho Tyrollan highlands l..ld tho
frontier of Bohemia.
Genet al Pershing's literary Style.
General Pebsiiinq's ability to say
tbe right thing In tho right way and
at the right time has never been more
happily displayed than in his fellci
tous remarks to a party of French
newspaper correspondents on Wednes
day, reported in the American news
papers of yesterday. In a few more
than 200 words he expressed com'
pletely and eloquently the admiration
he and his comrades In arms feel for
their French associates, a sentiment
shared by nil Americans, and which
many of General Pessiuno's country
men have -endeavored to put into
words. None of them has succeeded
better than General Pershino In this
laudable enterprise, nnd precious few
have dono as well as he has.
One Impressive quality of nil Gen
oral Peoshino's utterances Is the ab
sence from them of any shade or
tinge of egotism. He sieaks habitu
ally its a representative, not as a
master. Tlxus, In his praise of the
French lighting men, the pronoun "I"
does not occur once, nnd every phrase
thnt can be construed as Including
General Persihnu Includes nteo every
man under his command. The sen
tences quoted from General Per-
siiinu's remarks contain nit hint of
self-praise, nor even of a conscious
ness of his owu Importance In the
organization for which he spoke.
This Interesting result Is accom
plished without that apparent effort
which marks the product of vanity
subdued by circumstances. Instead,
the natural Inclination of the author
of tbe lines under consideration Is
obvious lu the words he uses, In
which his complete Identification of
himself with the great machine ho
has done so much to create and
which he directs us Commander In
Chief Is made manifest. General
Pershino plainly does not think of
himself alone, but of his comrades.
and himself ns fellow In n tremen
dous enterprise.
What we know of General Per
shing's task In Franco and the way
ho has done his work Is fragmentary
nnd Incomplete, but our knowledge
covers n number of the addresses and
writings, official, formal and Informal,
It has been necessary or advisable for
him to put forth, and In nil of them
tho true modesty of a mnn who
neither exalts nor belittles himself
Is conspicuous. His utterances are
marked by heartiness, good sense and
instinctive recognition of the relative
values of individuals nnd organiza
tions. We have, indeed, lKen fortu
nate to hove In the supremely Impor
tant post General Pershino fills a
man so. gifted as the Commander In
Chief of the American Expeditionary
Forces lu France.
Tho report that Bavaria has reor
ganized Itself as a republic may ex
pluln the anxiety ot the Bavnrlan
royal family to nio Us claim for the
German Imperial throne.
If nntlonwldo prohibition had been
submitted to popular vote Thursday
evening the country would have gone
overwhelmingly wet.
One of the favorite Heiresses of tho
motion picture t boat res has been con
demned by -a Jury to pay 1100,000 on
a contract with her agent; but what
Is $100,000 to a motion picture star?
Has any one yet ventured po suggest
that tho falso reports were aerman
propaganda to frustrate our paper
It mlffht Interest tho Mayor and the
Fuel Administration tp know that New
York does not caro whether or not
Hvlan's plan for counting coal Is per
mitted as long as there Is enough coal
to count.
Anyway, Now York Is well practiced
In tho art of appropriate demonstration
for tho real occasion.
Criticism by nn Aviator's Father.
To Tltr. liiiTon or The Sun Sir.- Al
low mo to criticise Frnnk V. Tonney's
article In Tits Sundat Sun, October 37,
entitled "Alrplar.ea Soon for Everyday
He belittles tho qualifications neces
sary to niako a flier to such an extent
that one wonders If It la not prompted
by the personal envy of a disgruntled
"ground man."
FATiint or a Naval Rssirve Aviatoii.
Nsw York, Novembor S.
Intltrtlon to Wannlli.
To Tiir. KniToa or Tiir Hon .fir.
Tar Sun bnama forth once more to-day
lis pet cloud Kitcliln nna scud awny;
Its hlailng scorn near alsrlrd the city.
So we votsd IUpuu out ot purest self.
Ulsis en, eld Sun, blaie sal
NOVEMBER' 9, 1918.
A Famous French City Wants Ameri
can Assistance.
To tub Editor or Tn Bun Sir: Mr.
Oaltler, Chef d Cabinet of the Prefect
of Police of Paris, has forwarded to
me tho following- letter, which I trans
late, addressed to him by Mr. Charles
rjronler, Mayor of the town of Ham,
Eomme. France, renowned for the castle
where) Napoleon III. was once a pris
oner. It tl a locality ot 3,300 Inhabi
tants, actually liberated, but almost
entirely destroyed, Mr. Qaltlor asks If
TlIB SUM can Ho nnm.tMno- tnr Oila
unfortunate town. Will it bo possible,
ho asks, to find In the United States
a town or city wishing- to bo tho god
mother of the town of Ham, and help
her rebuild the homes of her cltlsensT
Mr. Oaltler sent roe the request of the
Mayor of Ham, with the hope that
his appeal will find' an echo In the
hearts of tome generous people.
Hero Is the translation of the letter
of the Mayor of the town of Ham to
Mr. Oaltler:
"For the second time Ham Is French
again I . . .
"It Is a ' small town, very old and
historic!, famous for the castle where
Napoleon HI. waa once a prisoner, for
tha church of the moat remote antiquity,
Ac, It la the birthplace ot the Immortal
General lAUx, tha statue of whom has
been respected by the Germans them
ktrrea. . . .
"With the suburbs Ham has a popu
lation of 6,000 souls. It would not need,
then, a very big sum of money to re
build tha town.
"Will you try to nnd a city In the
United States wishing to he tho god
mother of the city of Ham?
"Please have a word of pity for us
and find this generous city which will
consent to adopt our dear little town.
We shall -to Immensely grateful to you.
"Mayor of Ham,
"Sonne, Franca, (temporarily) 30
Place des Voages, Paris."
Mr. Oronltr has been a nrtnn In
Germany, having been sent to Germany
air uio uermans naa decided not to
shoot htm. IDs houss ) ntlmW H.
stroyed. It Is for fals reason that he Is
living temporarily In Paris.
Mr. Eteve, assistant Mayor, Is actually
nt Ham. his home having been spared.
May I ask you to publish this letter
In your esteemed paper?
Qeokoe Bioot,
Editor of the French Delineator.
New York, November 8.
1805 and 1818.
To the Editor or Tits sun Sir: A
book or letters which passed between
members of a well known vr Vow
fnmlly during the civil war contains the
following as to what two ladles saw and
heard on the day after L.o hod ,if-.n.
ucrru 10 urani in April, IS65:
On tbe ilar that tli. m iv,.
r.nJ.r ot 19' itm, r-.m. n v. v.i.
It waa Impossible for thla family tu ac-
i" a a matter ot course. The ellcnce
anil lack of enthualaJim uptown ami the
tlcM ot tho woman rolnr tn .n ...i, n.
the dry gooda ahopa aa usual as un
bearable. Mother and I aald to each
other, "Coma, let ui aee what Wall Street
la doing." We took an omnlhu.
waa entirely emntv hni fn. n, ,
droie down to the neighborhood of the
Cuatom Hokia. Aa we cama near, tha
atreeta were more and more blocked,
thousand! nnd thousands of men standing
crowdlna UDon each ntji.r -
among mem an the narrow atreeta
WHICH comer tn tn.l n.l.i .1.
men. thousands more, .nlldly packed.
Aa the omnlbua came to n .,.n nn, .hi.
to moe a step further, they were singing
neir nearta would burst:
"Praise Ood from Whom all blessings flow.
Praia Him all creaturea here below ,
Praise Him abore, ye heavenly host.
rraise t amer. eon and Holy Ghost."
A young man. half f.intinp. ta.i,t. .Ai...
threw himself Into the omnibus. aalng.'
'J "va wen at It for I)Oura."
My business took me Into ih
part of Wall street repeatedly yester
day afternoon, nnd I ui n.ham.i .
confess that If there was the slightest
novo 01 inani.Bgiwng to God for Ms
mercy of peace. I fliri tn v,o.... ..
there or elsewhere In the streets of this
CIV. VlTtIT v v
Nw York, November S.
We Should Go Slow In Cancelling
Their Obligations.
To the Editor or Tim Kitv .?.-. ti,
aetonlahlng suggestion has been inndo
recently in a speech by Gcorcn W.
Wlclterahnm that he would 1IW io B.
America forgive our Allies the dvbts
they owe us and eend receipted bills
to Oreat Britain, France nnd Italy, since
then I have seen one or lira letter nn.
proving thu Idea.
This sucjestlon Is ono or tim nenti.
mental outbursts that sometimes htam
pede an audience, but I fancy the com
mon sense of the people generally will
repudiate It as not only untimely but
silly. We don'tyet know what Inriom.
nttles and reparations are to bo ob
tained rrom the Central Powers, which
Will certainly have a dlr(-( nn.l
stantlal bearing on the financial con-
auion or our allies, and It Is pretty
early for us to exhibit livstnHr.nl i..n.v.
olenco and make fools of ourselves tn
the amusement of n irrlnnlng world.
Which, while admitting our a-rnernxltv.
would surely hide a smile at our mawk
Ishness and crudity.
Onerous taxes are ahead nt it. fnr
many years, and wo shall pay them
gladly as a cheap price for what we
have gained, but not only ourselves but
the generation to follow have a right
to the nronortlonato teiluntlon iwhlrn h
settlement of those entirely righteous
outsianuing ouiutauons in our favor will
brine about.
America, which has done so much
toward forcing the present satisfactory
military situation, doe not need to burRt
with III timed benevolence which no
body has a right to expect, which no
body has asked for nnd which would
proliably be tt-sentrd. We in a iie'iliftps
a little drunk with mircess, but we don't
need to slobber our generosity oter
friendly nations, who nre quite ns ready
to tav their debts as wn ar,t nnr nnH
proud enough to Insist on doing It. Tho
suggestion of Mr. Wlckersham seems de
cidedly out of place and In remarkably
poor tsjite, New Yorkkiu
New York, November 8.
Who Is Downhearted I
To tub Knrroa or The HvxStr: Cheer
up, Hiin readers! Also campaign los
ers I Wo have 'Turkey" for Thanksgiv
ing and Knlstr Hill's "Goose" for Christ
mas. Nicholas Nomas.
Lawrence, Muss., November 7.
Fallen Might,
Samson bemoaned his haircut,
"Naver mind." w assured him, "tfca
Kilter's mustache will bt worst.".
Connecticut Has a True Bon of tho
To tub KotTon or Tub Sun Sir: Hav
ing read the article by Mr. William M.
Sweeney And Its subjoined letter In ro
gard to living sons of Continental sol
diers, which was printed In these col
umns November 1, I wish to submit the
following Item clipped from the. New
Mllford Times of October 2t,
I know tha writer ot the article per
sonally and who la now a man of SO
years himself. Howard H. Pjcck.
Nxw MiLroao, Conn., November 8,
From lk Xtv ilUttci, Com., Tinea.
The Revolution Record says that
James Wheeler enlisted In tho Revolu
tionary Army nnd that both ho and his
wife drew pensions. At the age or 03
years he and hlB wife had a son, Percy
Wheeler, who now lives In Sherman,
Conn. Mr. Wheeler la now 96 years old
and last week was seen chopping wood
at his home.
Can any one tell me of another liv
ing son of a Revolutionary soldier?
Danish b. Mallort.
Sherman, Conn.
Would It Increase Their Dignity in
the Eyes of Soldier Students?
ToTita Eorron or Tit Bun Sir: There
Is a strange stato of affairs In the
newly organised war colleges ot the
country. The students In these colleges
are duly enrolled soldlors of the United
States Army, clothed and equipped by
the aovernmtnt and amenable to the
discipline administered by army ofneora.
They wear tha oltve drab of tho army
and are serving their country as much
as It in any one ot tha cantonments.
For improving tho capability of these
soldiers tha aovernmtnt has put the
stamr ot Its approval on a system of
Instruction to be administered by tho
faculties of these collects, to whom these
student soldiers are also amenable In
certain matters of discipline.
The faculty members do not belong
to the army, though they do have au
thority over soldiers In the army. Now
tho writer of this communication can
see little or no difference between a
teacher who fills soldiers' minds with in
tellectual matter and a dentist who Wis
soldiers' teeth with cement. Both are
making the soldiers bettor agents ot
Uncle Sam. It Is very likely that
neither knows much ot the manual of
arms or of I. D. H. In general.
The Government evidently believes
that these teachers, as well aB these
dentists, malte these soldiers moro ser
viceable and more capable of safe
guarding the rights and privileges of
American cltlxens and of upholding the
honor ot the flag. Otherwise tho
Government would not have put these
boys under tholr care. Yet the dentist
Is a duly commissioned officer ot the
United States Army, the teacher Is a
civilian. Tho teacher may be glvlne In
struction In trigonometry, something
absolutely essential for artillerists, or
some phase of chemistry knowledgo of
which Is most needful In gas warfare,
or French and Italian, which every one
acknowledges will Increase efficiency nt
the front. Furthermore, even though
these student soldiers arc Instructed by
their officers to glvo the military sa
lute to the!.- teachers and to stand at
attention at certain tlmeS In the class
room the situation Is still Incongruous,
for It seems inappropriate for it civilian
to ba rotsrnlng the military salute to
soldiers. And, too. It appears decidedly
out of place for a teacher in civilian
garb to nppear before a class entirely
In uniform.
It would add greatly to the authority
and dignity of the professors of the
war colleges If they could have rank.
Every one knows that not all those In
the army are In tho flghtllvs forces.
Perhaps war college faculties might be
called a part of the Intelligence de
partment. Or let the teachers of chem
istry belong to the chemical warfare
bfanrti. those teaching military law to
the Judge Advocate General's Depart
ment, those giving Instruction In French
and Italian to the Intelligence Depart
ment or to the Corps of Intcrprcte-s.
Nor would Uncle Sam be at all lessen
ing the Importance that has always
been attached to a commission in tho
United States Army.
Civilian Instructor.
Kaston, Ta., November S.
Ilenenrd Complaint of tho Delays in
To thk Editor of Tits Sun Sir: As
to the workings of red tape and appar
ent indifference In Washington regard
ing allotments to parents':
My son has been in France since
April ; the last allotment check sent to
us -was in July for June wages; nothing
since. In October I wrote (to tho War
Risk Insurance Uureau. Quartermaster.
General, also to the Adjutant-Oeneral
of the Army. To none of these com
munications have I received a reply. In
a letter from Franco written Octolier IS
I heard my son was "out of money." Our
sons gave up much to enlist for Uncle
Sam at Jl a day, nnd It does seem that
the equivalent should be forthcomlrg to
tnem and their parents. I have knowl
edge of lllto experiences of others, but
cite my own.
Aji Investigation conducted by one
such as ex-Judge Hughes would bring
to light some glaring faults In the "pay
ond" of the army.
A. V. C. Genu.vu, Jr.
Est Orakqe, N. J., November 8.
Thrift Stamps (or Christmas,
To the Knrron or The SfK Sir:
ChrtstmaR givlnt should certainly be
curbed to savo money for the Govern
ment during the war, but why not sim
ply give our frlonds thrift stamps and
war savings stamps for remembrances?
This would be helping the Government ,
very directly, and It seems to mo It
should carry the Christmas mcssago of
love to our friend. Just a.s .truly an ex-
pensive or use.ess gifts or even cards. I
tor i tninK a great oeai or money Is '
squandered lu the latter,
I myself Inttnd to give no othor pres
ents and can make my gifts as largt
or small ns my purse will allow. In
stead of sending cards to friends I have
not seen for some time I am hoping to
be able to send each a letter which will
cost nothing but a stamp nnd will Ije
much more welcome, I am sure.
Summit, N, J., November 8. G, w.
The l'rlcle of Place.
Th King waa In his counting house,
counting up his money, tha Queen was In
tha kllahtn eating bread and honey,
"Proof wa don't belong to the Central
Powers," thty boasted.
Tolls Foreign Trndo Council
Pcaco Terms Must Tnko
Cure of Conditions.
Members Favor Legislation to
Put American Shipping on
Better Basis.
James A. Farrcll, president of the
United States Steel Corporation nnd
chairman of the National Foreign Trado
Council, declared unqualifiedly yester
day against an economic war against
the Teutonic peoples after the termina
tion of the conflict of arms. Ho told
the delegates assembled u he council's
fifth annual meeting tn tho Ulltmoro
that If tho peace terms are satisfactory
there will be no need of economic war
faro, and that on the other hand, If the
terms aro not satisfactory "economic
warfare will bo Impossible." His re
marks were applauded by tho rcprv
sentatlves of the banking, manufactur
ing, farming, steamship And railroad In
terests from all over tho country who
attended the conferencee.
"The progress of tho war," said Mr.
Farrbll, "has been marked by much dis
cussion of proposals for and conditions
of a continuance of the contest by eco
nomic forces after the military atrugglo
Is ended. Our supreme duty 1 to seo
to It that the peace terms render Im
possible tho continuance of conditions
sought to be corrected or prevented by
economio warfare
There aro other problems which In
volve International relationship In their
erred upon our foreign trade, Ono of
these, with which we will be much con-
corned very soon after the restoration
of peace, Is that of tho negotiation ot
new commercial treaties to replaco those
that have been ruptured by the war or
nave been denounced by the Govern
ments associated with us In tho war."
An nrsument for the repeal of the
La Fo i-tte seaman's law prescribing
me number of sailors to be cmDloved
aboard a ship nnd fixing tho wages to
he paid them was advanced In a report
submitted by the committee on merchant
marine, which Is composed of Mr. Far
rell, chairman : P. A. 8. Tranltlln, presi
dent of the International Mercantile
Marine and chairman ot the Joint com
mittee on shipping control, and Capt.
itobert Dollar, president of the Robert
Dollar Company of San Francisco. The
economio effect of the seaman's law. the
committee declared, would mako lmpos-
imdio me retention and operation of the
newly constructed American merchant
marine under the American flag.
I-or one thing is absolutely sure."
said tho report, "unless these vessels
can bo operated profitably under the
American flag, either they will be trans
ferred to foreign registry, or they will
runt out a useless existence which will
soon terminate on tho scrap heap.
"No one contends or believes that it
Is not desirable to have American ves
sels fully manned by competent crews
and to have American seamen enjoy the
best possible conditions of life and ser
vice, nnd receive In wages nn ample re
turn for their labor. Hut It Is perfectly
obvious that provision. of law which
require American vessels to maintain
lnrser crews, nnd to pay them hUhcr
wages than Is the case with forelcn
vensels. necessarily subject such Ameri
can vessels to a disadvantage which
renders it difficult If not Impossible for
them to continue In operation against
the competition of foreign vessels."
As nn Incident of the national nKrce-
ment nnd settlements soon to be worked
the Committee on Merchant Mn-
ilne, recommended thnt the maritime) na
tions nirrce upon uniform shipping and
maritime regulations "which will impose
equal conditions and requirements upon
nil alike." nnd "Insuro that equality
which will give everyone a fair chance."
The committee recommended that the
"present accelerated programme" In the
construction ot steel ships ho continued
fur a considerable time after the ter
mination of the war.
The Committee on Foreign Relations,
In its ipport. strongly urged prompt
economio nsalstnnoe to Russia, and
nyked for an authoritative expression
from the Government of Its Intention to
support foreign trade.
Among those who were present were
Fairfax Harrison of Richmond. Vu ,
president ot the Southern Railway; Alba
H Johnson of Philadelphia, president
Haldwln Ixcomottve Works; Frank A.
VnndcTlIp, president National City
Hani: R A. 8 Clarke, president Lacka
wanna Steel Company; W. H. Rukfo,
Memphis; E. P. Thomas, president
United States Steel Corporation;
Thomas R Wilson and John J. Arnold,
Chicago : M. K. Farr, president Ameri
can Shipbuilding Company at Cleveland ;
Henry Hnwnid, Hoston ; K. II. Huxley,
president United States Rubber Kxpnrt
Company; Howard Cole. Standard Oil
Company of New York; Mnuilcr Coster.
Weatlnghouse Klortrle Company; XI A. i
Oudln, Gencial Klcctrle Company;!
Charles M. Muchnle, American Locomo-!
tlve Sales Comptny ; F. 11. Taylor,
Philadelphia; H. C. Iewis. National
Paper nnd Type Company : P. II. Jen
nines and Charles A. Schlrren, ,Tr ; Dan
iel Warren, American Trading Company,
and Walter U Clark, Portsmouth, N. 11.
Recipients Include Some of
124 Who Are Dead.
Xnw lTAT-r..v. Nov. S At-cordlng tn n
Ftatemcnt tsfued nt Ynl tn-ilay. more
than a hundred Yale mn, graduate nnd
undergraduate, have been recipients of
war honors conferred by thn United
States, France. Great llrltnln. Italy nnd
Montenegro, according to data eomntleil
at the university secretary's ntllcr The
Honors conferred lnclud tho Distin
guished .Service Cross, the Legion of
Honor, the British Distinguished Servlp
Cross and Military Cros, the f'rols do
Guerre, tho Italian War Cross. siler
Medal of Valor and llronxe Medal, thrt
Medal of French Gratitude and the Modal
of the Aero Pluh of America.
.-ntame achievements and rvtrnot'-
I dlnary acts of bravery In various fields
I"f war srrvW, Including civilian m-tlvl-
! " re-eiv-l recognition. Mnjor
wm,m 'I!',nw',.PV'i:!' An",r!'",M "Vlng
p 'V' Dls Si Z
,,, .,. , ,,rone Oak Leaf ) the rank I
of chevalier of tho Legion of Honor the
rrntx ne our-rre with tlve palms, and the
.wruiii ui inn Arm uiii or Atnorici f
Kmlr Allen, 'IS, recipient of the Prol'x de
Guerre nnd recommended for tho Distin
guished Service Cross, Is one or several
who either before or nfter being cited
lost their lives In thn service.
Alan F. Wlnslow, ox-'lS R., credited
with being the first In tho Amer .can fly
ing service to bring down nn enemy
plane, has been awarded tho Distin
guished Service Cross and the French
War Cross with palms, a conspicuous
recognition for civilian service is that of
Laurence V. Itenet, '84 H., of Paris, who
has received promotion to Commander of
the legion of Honor
Tho university rocords of war service
show 124 Yale mnn In the service have
died and ninety-flva have been wounded
taken prisoner or reported prisoner '
IMen, Ships, Raw Materials
and Credit Needed to Un
do German Devastation.
Foreign Correspondents' As
sociation Icars.of Plans
for Restoration.
The extent to which Franco Is rely
ing on the United States for assistance
In that work of reconstruction which
will absorb her energies upon tho termi
nation of tho war was made clear last
night In a speech by Andro Tardteu.
French High Commissioner to America
and Minister of Franco-American War
Affairs In the French Cabinet
Tha Commissioner spoke at a recep
tion tendered to him in tho Hotel Ptaaa.
by the Association of Foreign Corrtspon
dents and made it plain that hts coun
try is not only relying heavily upon
ours for ships, labor, materials' and
t. .. . ...til mm wall ttiM flAsrtMt-
IIIUIICJ', MUfc , ikvu -.' ' '
nnce of thousands of our soldiers, either
those now in France or uiose wno wm
yet go over before our army is reoi-
n n fnntlntr ITn flaked
especially for the help of those troops
having tecnmcai skiii aim iiunaeoncu
technical equipment. Ho said in part:
"to you Americans whoso guest I am
for the third time during tho war I
will say iraniciy wnai wo exyixi. iron
"Wo want first Immediate) assistance
In tho matter of labor. Wo hope that
during tho preparation and the carrying
out of the transportation of your troops
back: to America, your technical units
as well as other units with their equip
ment will bo able to oooperato In tbat
"Wo soon will have to carry out a
colossal work of transportation In view
of the supplying of tho regions evacu
ated by the enemy? of tho recovering
of the railroads In northern and eastern
France and in Alsace-Lorraine.
Mnat Clear Away Itulna.
"Wo will liave to clean tho recon
quered ground of the ruins accumulated
by the German hordes. Your army will
help us In this work while our popula
tion will restore her cities and villages.
"Again In rcforence to those purchases
which will be made In America, we are
In need of credits In dollara covering
about CO per cenC of our total pur
chases for reconstruction.
The assurance ot that financial help
will bring to every one In France the
courage and faith necessary to applv
to peace reconstruction the energy ami
tho spirit of enterprise she has so prom
inently shown during fhe war.
"For our agriculture, for our lndus
trleo, for our highways, for our rail
roads, we need as woll raw materials
and machine toola to be delivered as
speedily as possible.
"We will exact from Germany the
restitution of such part of the material
taken away from us and which can bo
recovered. Rut besides that restitution
we must bear In mind thnt speedlness Is
a primary condition In tho reconstruction
of Franco, and that America, on nocount
of her Immense capacities for production,
ought to give us the first help.
"There Is still with us an Immediate.
a(l Important need tho supply of which"
Is the necessary condition of everything
else. We need ships, chartered ships ns
well ns ships transferred to our flag. The
speedy reconstruction of tho country is
strictly depending on the revival of our
mercantile fleet.
French Marine Need Aid.
"Thn colossal effort put up by the
Untod Statesi In the building of her fire'
for war purposes will not bo diverted
from this sacred end If it in part helps
France to recover on the seas for the
revival of her forces In peace tho means
of transportation which were lost to he
on account of tho war.
"In reference to these four Items
labor, credit, raw materials and ships '
have explained In detail our needs to your
Administration by whose welcome I hav -been
deeply moved. 'What I told then,
what I asked for, I am telling to yn i
again, because a policy of secrecy do
not befit our day.
"I pm repeating It to you, representa
tives of tho largest newspapers' In th
world, because I wish you to echo In your
turn our requests.
"1 am stating these requests public
because France can pride herself on hav
ing taken an Immense lhare In the war
:ind in tho victory nnd on being able t.i
Mat" to her allies tbe price sho has paid
for tho results obtained.
'Speaking to America. Know that 1
need nor add anything to these facts: fc
vou It Is enough to know in order to
Commissioner Tardleu Is nn honorary
member of the Foreign Correspondent"'
Association by virtue of his having hni"
at one time foreign editor of the Tomi
of Parts. In addition to his Cabinet offl.
he Is one of tho flvo members of tt
French War Council, which Includes Pre
mier Clemenceau nnd Mnrshal Foch.
Connecticut Scenes Depicted
in Productions.
Aston Knight, whose most recent
lamUc.ipPH are being shown In the Joh'
Ivy Art naileries, had that mewt awk
v in si or handicaps for nn artist, a
famous father, Rldgway Knight, but 1.
t.as been surmounting It bravely, at. 1
now hn a continuously Increasing
clientele of his own.
Owing to the war he has given up
foreign residence nnd has been painting
l lie American scene, and that Is an as
fisting factor In bis popularity, fn
Americans have not on'y shown nn Increase-!
liking for the strlctlv natlw
theme. but prefer it painted In tlio coo'
crisp easy fashion that this atttst has
developed. ,
Mr. Knight has been working In Poi
i.ectlcut nnd thr-re ho found euhjc-
similar to thivo be used to paint I .
Nnnran.lv. France ii,,t..i t...
that often when painting so'mo of t'
Krniui o'n onneoticut trees the tboutr'
Ims comi' to him: "How llarplgniis H
orot would have loved thnt tu'o'"
Ho ban made a number of i-ne'y fit'
l.-thnri Studies nt nnhlo !.... ' . .
wlllown and professes to think thnt t.
trro Is the finest rcnture of the Amer.
enn landscape. Ho Is not averse to tb
charms or running water either, nnd tli
glassy surfaces of Connecticut stream-,
mirroring banks of flcwers or rough'
hewn bridges, hnvo been renderi-,1 wltt
great clarity.
A few landscapes that were painted
nt the Sleepy Hollow Golf Club ba.
mso been Included In the exhibition ai t
they are not tho least Interesting anions
the group from tho viewpoint nf con
position or brush work The o'd goire
will see hazards In theo paintings In
tho nveraKo picture lover will hccci
them tather as Interpretations of bree?
and colorful autumnal days. Mr Knlgl-t
has solved the problem of pleasing two
different sets of landscape lovers.

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