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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, November 10, 1918, Image 1

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Fair and slightly colder to-day; to
morrow fair; fresh west winds.
Highest temperature yesterday. 1 owe it a6
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1918 t. un r,wu m,t phmismm Awocidtfon. 60 PAGES.
DtJinir wnrc niNTrna ! in ami
i XVllU 1' x V i kJ w York,
His Journey to Spa Imped
ed by Difficult Passage
in Fighting Region.
Rebellions in Cologne,
Brunswick, Hanover and
- Kaiser Wilhelm and the German Crown Prince When at Height of Their Power
Foch Reads Terms to Enemy'
Delegates Admiral Sims
Present nt Reception.
Six German Warships Train
Guns on Mutineers
at FleiiBbnrg.
London, Nov. 9. The British Press
Bureau Issued the following an
nouncement this afternoon:
"OwJns to the henvy German bar
rage mul machine sun fire on the bat
le front the passage of the courier
1 vm Marshal Koch's; headquarters to
Spa was so delayed that he Is not
expected to reach Germnn hcadquar
lers until this nfternoon. Conse
quently It t unlikely that any deci
sion In regard to the armistice will
be reached to-day."
A despatch from Amsterdam says
the German courier had some diffi
culty In crossing the German lines.
He was led to believe through the
Mowing up of nn ammunition dump
with a series of explosions that the
Germans had not censed firing, but
he was Informed of tho cause of the
explosions by wireless and Instructed
to pass the German lines without de-
The route followed by the German
courier to Spa Is In the heart of the
region where the French tnn"de their
greatest advance yesterday and ngaln
'o-dny, In the district of Hlrson.
Doubtless this had something to do
with the slowness of his progres.
All the roads arc terribly congested
by fleeing German troops and transport.
Reception of Delegates.
Pamb, Nov. 9. When the French
command received tho German Head
quarters wireless despatch announc
ing the' start of the armistice delega
tion the delegates were directed to pre
sent themselves between 8 and 10
o'clock Thursday night at a certain
point on Za Capelle road. The cross
road was clearly marked by the beams
of several searchlights. At the same
time the order was given In the Frencn
lines that hostilities BhouM be sus
pended over a distance of sevoral miles
In the region of the meeting place. "
Tho three automobiles bearing the
German delegates arrived at 9:15 P. M.
at the crossroad, preceded by a group
of German pioneers charged with mak
ing the ehell damaged road passable.
The German delegates were received by
officers whom Marshal Foch had sent
to guide them. These officers got Into
the automobiles, and with the window
curtains drawn proceeded to the Cha
teau Francfort in Complegne Forest, be
longing to the Marquis De L'Algle.
Owing to tho lateness of the hour
ihe delegates were conducted to tne
apartments assigned them, where they
took refreshments. The next morning
they again entered the automobiles and
were taken to the station at Bethondes.
There they found Marshal Foch '.n a
special train In which he has his head
quarters. ,
nnherser Speaks tn French.
When the Germans' credentials had
teen opened and verified, Mathlas Erz
berger, leader of the enemy delegation,
speaking in French, announced that the
German Government had been advised
by President Wilson that Marshal Foch
was qualified to communicate to them
the Allies' conditions and had appointed
thtm plenipotentiaries to take cogni
zance of the terms and eventually sign
an armistice.
Marshal Foch then read the terms in
a loud voice, dwelling upon each word.
The Germans were prepared by semi
official communications for the stipula
tions as a whole, but hearing set forth
in detail the concrete demands teemed
'o brlns to them for the first time full
eallzatlon of the extent of tho German
They made a few observations, merely
pointing out material difficulties stand
ing in the way of carrying out some
quite secondary clauses. Then Ere-,
berger asked for a suspension of hos
Millies In the Interests of humanity. This
request Marshal Foch flatly refused.
Tho delegates, having obtained per
mleslon to send a courier to Spa and
communicate with that place by wire
less, withdrew. Marshal Foch immedi
ately wrote an account of the proceed
ing! and sent them, by an aid to Pre
mier Ciemenceau, who received them at
The German delegates are lodged In
Special Cable DetpatcA ta Tils Sex and tht
Public tedgir.
Copyright, 1311; all rights rtttrrttl.
London, Nov. 9. With revolution
rapidly spreading In German-, Its
urmy approaching rout and delegates
wltAin tho French lines seeking an
armistice It looks as if the war Is
Lnearing an end. But Germany Is not
to bo trusted. The report of revolu
tions arc vaguo. There have been
mutinies nt Kiel before, so there are no
hasty rejoicings hero yet. only the In-1
stantaneous disappearance of tho eve
ning newspapers as soon as they ap
pear on the streets.
According to an Amsterdam des
patch the discontent at Kiel was
caused by the arrest of sailors and
marines for refusal to obey orders. It
came to a head on tho battleship
Kaiser when the sailors tried to hoist
a red flag, tho officers defending the
Imperial flag with- their revolvers, but
two of them were killed.
Four companies of lnrantry arrived at
Kiel to reBtore order but three of them
joined the mutineers and the fourth was
disarmed. Next the cavalry was ordered
to Kiel but it was stopped a mile away
by the callorB machine guns, and com
pelled to retreat.
Meanwhile a soldiers' council was
formed and Admiral b'ovchon. the Gov
ernor of Kiel, was arrested by order of
the council, which established machine
guns at all strategic points In the city.
The Governor agreed to all new demands,
which included recognition of the sol
diers' council, abolition of the salute.
equality of officers and men in regard
to food and release of all prisoners.
But thousands of men had been going
ashore. These were Joined by the
whole garrison and a procession, 20,000
strong, went to tho Jail and released
their comrades. It wns apparently at
this time that the fight occurred., ashore
which was mentioned In tho despatches
of yesterday.
Kaiser Wilhelm, it is announced, will abdicate. The .Crown Prince is to renounce his right to the succession.
Prince Maximilian, Name das Regent,
Issues Renunciation Decree, Ac-
cording to Bbrlin Wireless, and
. Basel Hears Emperor Al
ready Is Out
'proclamation indicates quick
1 signing of the armistice terms
'Announces That Constitutional German Na
tional Assembly Will Settle Future Form
of Government of the Nation
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 9 ( Havas Agency) Prince Max of
Baen has been appointed regent of the German Empire, the
1 Berlin newspapers semi-officially announce.
A Reuter despatch from Amsterdam says it is semi
officially reported in Reichstag circles that Prince Max will be
appointed Regent of the Empire, according to Berlin ridvices.j
Kurt Eisner, Imprisoned Four
Years by Germany, Reported
President of Republic.
Ctitillitucil pn Jccmf i'aje
By tht Jttociattd rrtn.
Amsterdam, Nov. 9. Latest advices
received here confirm reports that the
revolutionary movement at Cologne is
gradually spreading throughout the
entire western part of Germany. Thus
far the revolt has been orderly, with
no bloodshed.
Rebellions have occurred in Hanover,
Cologne, Brunswick and Magdeburg,
according to the official announcement
at Berlin. These cities, however, are
not wholly in the hands of the muti
neers, tho statement adds. At Magde
burg the garrison resisted.
Six German battleships anchored
outside of Flensburg have directed
their guns against tho revolutionists
and a bombardment is expected. The
battleship Koenlg, which refused to
surrender, was taken after a hard
The town commander at Kiel and
Naval Captain Heine were shot and
kilted while resisting arrest, according
to a despatch from that place to the
Cologne Volks-Zeltung.
Owing to the rush on the banks In
Berlin these institutions have stopped
The uprising in northwestern Ger
many, according to the only direct news
from Germany early to-day. Is imported
to have spread to Hanover, Oldenburg
and other cities.
Iteports from the Danish border town
of Vamdrup say that all la quiet In
0cHleawlg, but that further disturb
ances are reported to have occurred In
American Despatches Jot to He
Ceneored In London In Fntorr.
Washington, Nov. 9. -All American
press despatches from the western front
hereafter "will come through direct when
passed by the field censor, without be
ing diverted for further censorohlp.
Heretofore whenever such despatches re
ferred to troops other than Americana
they had to pass through the press
bureau ut London, often occasioning
hours of delay.
Secretary Daniels announced to-day
..... .hrnnvh ha efforts of Vlce-Admlral
Sims and Lieutenant-Commander
George Barr Baker, the London censor
has Just ordered that messages "without
exception" from American correspond
ents in France bearing the password
.... ff.M rensors shall be transmitted
without further censoring or diversion, j
All Conditions Are Not Complied With Within Speci
fied Time, Says Wireless Message Ships
Still to Be Surrendered.
Committee of . 'Workers and
Soldiers, Similar to Russian
Soviet, Will Tnkc Control.'
Paris, Nov. 9. Kurt Rlsner, a Munich
newspaper man and prominent In So
cialist circles. Is tho leader of the revo
lution which has broken out In tho Ba
varian capital. It appears from informa
tion received here. Some reports desig
nate him aa President of the Bavarian
Republic which has been proclaimed.
Eisner, the advices add, has organized
a committee, consisting of workmen, sol
diers and peasants, In many respects
similar to a Russian Soviet.
Eisner Is a newspaper man on the
Munich Poaf. He first came to public
attention In 1905 as a gifted speaker at (
Socialist meetings, lie is now aooui to
years old. He has not held public office.
He was arrested some time ago for
having published the news that Germany
on July 28, 19H. was mobilizing her
army. Ho was released after serving a
sentence lasting until fifteen days ago.
Only scant messages are arriving from
Germany with regard to tho Bavarian
revolutionary movement.
Rome, Nov. 9. A wireless message
signed by the Commander In Chief of the
I Italian TCavy fays that the naval clauses
PLANS 1 In tho Austro-Hungarlan armistice
treaty, the time of which elapsed Friday,
have not all beiyt complied with. This
announcement la made In an official
statement Issued to-day. which declares.
Information has not been supplied
as to the location and movements of
Auitro-Hungarlan ships.
The oart of the .navy agreed on and
tho allied merchant ships have not
been surrendered.
These facts constitute a breach of
the solemn stipulations of tho armls
tlco convention.
tlons were to remain unchanged. Aus-tro-Hungarlan
ships found at sea
continuing liable to capture ; all naval
aircraft were to bo concentrated and
Impactlonlzed In designated Austro
Hungarian bases. Evacuation of all
Italian coasts nnd all ports occupied by
Austro-Hungarlan forces outside, their
national territory and abandonment of
all floating craft, naval materials1 and
the like for Inland navigation were
stipulated ; also occupation by tho Allies
and the United States of land and sea
fortifications, the dockyards and arsenal
at Pola.
Have Crossed Frontier Into
Tyrol nnd Salzburg in
Face of Protest.
$400,000 Is Reached;
Fund Is Growing On
A S tho children say, the fund
has a thousand to "grow on"
toward the $500,000 pile. Tho
fund puts the situation plainly
up to donors and has no doubt
the outcome will exceed its hope
and the necossury money to buy
holiday smokes for tho soldiers
will be hero quickly and tho to
bacco get there on time. Hut in
order to effect this read the
smoke fund's resolution on
page 10.
New cards received in the sol
diers' mail confirm their con
fidence that THK SUN Tobacco
Fund will take care of them dur
ing tho holidays so liberally that
they can smoke a cigarette down
to the end without saving a butt
for hard times. That's whnt tho
soldiers want, a plentiful supply
for the holiday time. Arc we go
ing to provide it?
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
nrvAtltn rtf Solicitors.
iiu . " ' j
K. '
Outline of .Vntnl Conditions.
Besides the conditions enumerated as
not compiled with, the Austro-Hungarlan
armistlou naval terms, which
were eleven In nil, called for Immediate
cessation of hostilities at sea and notifi
cation to neutrals of freedom of nalga- i submarines In, or which
tlon tnr ih navnl aud mercantile marine , Austm-Hungarian
of allied and associated Powers, free
dom of navigation In tho Adriatic and
the Danube and Its tributaries In Austro-Hungarlan
territorial waters, with
the right to sweep up mine fields, whose
positions were to be disclosed, and tut
right to occupy or dismantle all fortifi
cations or defence works.
All existing allied blockado condl
No Ship to He Dentroyrd.
No destruction of ships was to be
permitted before evacuation, sui render
or restoration. Tho return, without
reciprocity, of all naval and mercantile
marine prisoners In Austro-Hungarlan
hands was also required.
Under the armistice torms 15 Austro
Hungarlan submarines completed be
tween 1910 and 1918. and nil German
may enter i necessary steps.'
territorial waters ;
3 battleships. 3 light cruisers, 9 de
stroyers, 12 torpedo boats, 1 mine layer,
C Danube monitors were to be surren
deicd to tho Allies and tho United
States. All other submarines were to be
disarmed and to remain under allied
supervision, and all other "surface war
Diplomnt Said Annexation
Would lie Tried if Kniser
Met Defeat.
LONDON, Nov. 9. The abdication of the Kaiser and the
Crown Prince, as formally announced by the German Govern
ment, was picked up to-day by the British wireless. Although
the announcement cornea in peculiar form, there seems to bo
no good reason to doubt it and it is generally accepted here.
The Kaiser does not abdicate at once, but will do so soon.
A Havas despatch from Basel says the abdication ha
I been officially announced in Berlin. The HavaB is the semi
official French news agency.
1 Decree Issued by Chancellor Max.
The German wireless message received in London this
afternoon states:
The German Imperial Chancellor, Prince Max of
Baden, has issued tho following decree:
The Kaiser and King has decided to renounce the
The Imperial Chancellor will remain in office until the
questions connected with the abdication of the Kaiser, the
renouncing by the Crown Prince of the throne of the Ger
man Empire and of Prussia and the setting up of a regency
have been settled.
For the' regency he intends to appoint Deputy Ebert as
Imperial Chancellor, and he proposes that a bill shall be
brought in for the establishment of a law providing for the
immediate promulgation of general suffrage and for a con
stitutional German National Assembly, which will settle
finally the future form of government of the German nation
and of those peoples which might be desirous of coming
within the empire.
Berlin, November 9, 1918.
MADKin. Nov. 9. Paul Deschanel,
President of the French Chamber of
Deputies, replying to a request by tin
Madrid 1'iguro fonan interview said:
"Do you know what I am thinking of
in the midst or our happiness? it is of resignation as Imperial Chancellor.
the words of a high German diplomat ;
who said in September, i9it: ! Germans Abroad," in which he said
'ne snail win ine war. snouiu we
lose we shall win nil the same, for we
Prince Max Appeals to Germans Abroad.
Just before Prince Maximilian of Baden offered
he issued an appeal
shall annex nine millions of Austrian
"The Entente's diplomacy." added M
Deschanel, "will be able to tako the I
Petain's Armies Continue to
Drive Hun Toward Border.
II V the Aiiociattd I'm).
With the Khbncii Armikh in Piiance,
Nov. 9 The French force continued to
day their push toward the Belgian fron-
i tier, with tho Germans persisting In their
I Helnvltii- tartlcs of the last few days.
IThe Germans used artillery and machine
I gun flro at points where they needed
I more tlmo to breuk contact with the
, French.
I At other places on the front the prog
' rest of the French was maintained with
' undiminished speed,
Nothing but tho prompt signing of the
! armistice will prevent the Allies from
I entirely clearing French torrltory of
. enemy troops before the peace negotia
tions begin.
1 Fires are burning In the re-vr of the
German lines nil along the front. This
Indicates that whatever tnay be the out
come of the armistice negotiations a fur
ther Important retirement of the German
forces may bo expected,
New Hhlpa t He C.unlesn.
Qveorc. Nov, 9. Instructions from
nitnwi tn ston the work of fitting guns
on ships and also to stop providing
minrters on board some vessels for gun
nar prows linve been received by the
local representatives of the linperlul
Munitions Hoard.
In these difficult days the hearts of many among you,
my fellow countrymen, who outside the frontier of the Ger
man fatherland are surrounded by manifestations of
malicious joy and hatred, will be heavy. Do not despair of
the German people.
Our soldiers have fought to the last moment as heroically
as any army has ever done. The homeland has shown un
precedented strength in suffering and endurance.
In the fifth year, abandoned by its allies, the German
iin against th passago of Germans i neonle could no lonirer wnsre war aurainst the increasinp-lv
tint the i . .
fly tht .Xftvciated Prea. j
Ambtkuham, No. 9. German troops
have rrossed the Austrian f lontler Into
Tyrol und Salzburg. I
The Vienna .Yciir Frrle I'rcsse, report-
Ing the presence of the Germans in i
craft, including river craft' were to be 1 i'''" "-',,,": J Z!
-.i t ( nt iIan rtmiari Aimtrion i
naval banes, paid off and disarmed un
der allied supervision.
Figures Are Based on
centage of Replacements.
through Austrian territory, and
Austro-Hungarlan Gove-nment will also ,
protest on the ground that the armistice
ooncludeu wun mo luncnte powers and
the United States might be endangered
Under existing circumstances, It Is
added. Austrla-Huncarv Is powerless to
per, I hinder tho movement, by which Austrian
I.ONPON, Nov. 9. In the period be
tween March 21, 191S, and October 21,
191S, the percentages of casualties to
strength among infantry for United
Kingdom, Canadian and Australian
troops were respectively:
United Kingdom dlvl-lons Ofnr,
IIS per cent. ; other ranks, 121 per cent
Canadian divisions Officers, 97 per
cent. ;. other ranks, S I per cent.
Australian divisions Officers, 93 per
cent.; other ranks, 95 per cent,
As regnrds horso and field artillery In
the same period tile United Kingdom
provided S5.8S per cent, of the British to
tal strength In these arms and SC. 37 per
cent, of the British total casualties.
In tho time recorded tho uverago num
ber of days out of tho line for each di
vision wan approximately ns follows:
United Kingdom divisions, S9 days out
of line : Australian divisions, 79 days,
and Canadian divisions 102 days.
Tho Bavarian War Minister recently
Informed tho Tyrol authorities that a
considerable number nf Bavarian troops
would march to the .lorthern Tyrol
frontier as a guard, doubtless fearing
an attack by the Entente from this di
rection, which would threnteu Munich
and other Important Bavarian cities.
"We rome as friends," thu Minister
announced, "hut will mo force If we are
The Germnn Field Marshal von Mack
ensen also requested permission for his
army to pass through Hungary from
tho Balkans to Germany, and wns In
formed that the request would be
granted on condition that tho troops lay
down their arms on entering Hungarian
The foregoing computation of casualty
percentages Is based on thn numerical
htrcnsth of the unit, to which strength It
l kep' by replacements for men killed,
wounded, missing or otherwise out uf
(he ranks,
Will be found on Page 6 of
this section.
superior forces.
The victory for which many had hoped has not been
granted to us. But the German people has won this still
greater victory over itself and its belief in the right of
From this victory we shall draw new strength for the
hard time which faces us and on which you also can build.
Urges Nation to Be Calm Under Defeat.
In an earlier appeal to the German people, in which he
urged that nil remain calm, Prince Max said:
For more than four years the German nation, united
and calm, has endured the most severe sufferings and
sacrifices. If at this decisive hour, when only absolute
unity can avert from the entire German people great dan
gers for its future, internal strength gives way, then the
consequences are unforeseeable.
An indispensable demand in these decisive hours, which
must be made by every people's government, is the main
tenance of the hitherto existing calm, under voluntary dis
cipline. May every citizen be conscious of the high responsi
bility toward this people in the fulfilment of their duty.
A telegram received nt CoponlinKeu from Brunswick, by way of Berlin,
assort Hint Kmperor WUUhiu'm miu-Iii-Iuw, the Duke of Brunswick, and hW
Mieeeor, have abdicated.
The leslKiiutlons of tho German Ministers of the Interior, Instruction,
n it
K ("Stil l,
i .

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