Newspaper Page Text
IV I: I ..j v r.i" It -1 4. j III . I- I, LI 8 :Y" STANDS FOR MORALE NOW, ' ' 4 v I ' W ' M . JTP AT TOURS. TH IS CANTEEN XS OPERATED Army's Efficiency 10 Pet Cent, by Activities, Declares Gen. Pershing THE'T. M. C. A. hut is homo to day for 2,000,000 boys ovor there, and for nnother million on. this side. Gen. Pershing pays:. ""ino hundred men plus Y equals 1,000." " 'jJeut.-Col. E. S. Wheeler in a re port to Gen. Pershing in May, 1918, ssald: "There is no one factor contributing more to the morals of tho American Army In France than the Y. M". C.'AJ The value ot this organization cannot be overestimated. Give mo 900 men xvho havo a Y. M. C. A. rather than 1,000 who have none, and I will havo better fighters ovory time." Gen. Pershing directed that Col. TVteoler's lcttnr be cent to tho Y. M. C. ?A. officials, and himself added this comment: "The conclusions and opinions of Ucut.-Col. Wheeler are concurred in by theso headquarters." Kino men who aro happy end en tertained can outfight ten who aro homesick and lonesome. It la the business of the "Y" tot add this extra 10 per cent, to tho fighting edlclency 'of our armies; to maintain that In definable quality which wins wars morale. Una Dnllt 038 HdIi Here. Tho "Y" has built 5S8 huts in Amer ican cantonmonts; and in France the number is larger already and is .grow. ing at tho'rato of a hundred a month, If they were gathered together they would make a city. And besides these there are "Huts' in cellars and dugr outs, right under the guns' In franco; for the "Y" follows the boys straight up to tho trenches. In some of the French .towns, where the boys are billeted in' barns and warehouses, the hut It tho only place whero they can bo warm or writo a letter. Coal was 60 a ton in those towns last winter, but tho "Y'" kept the hut fires burning. JIvery day 2,500,000 letters are written on "Y" stationery. At tho opening., of one of tho big huts n. Catholic Rriefjt,' a Jew lsh rabbi and mlnlsteri)fot ten '.differ ent Protestant denomination took onr- ArnrSfsrr IMAGINE 2,000,000, .dauntless, vigorous, full blooded, . young Americans stopped suddenly' in their sole) occupation, war making,, as a. result of tho surrender of aerjnanr,'. They aro moro than 3,000 miles .from j home, and because no ono trusts tier many they must remain' with tho allied armies to enforce the terms of peace. The French, English,' Ilelglans and Italians can slip away, war weary, to their homes, comparatively near, on st(ort furloughs oven while held under arms. Our boys, no longer stimulated by the fierce exaltation of battle, the stern necessity of keeping themsolvcs physically;, mentally and spiritually 100 per cent., must have-other stimuli to maintain their splendid moralo, to hold off homesickness v and tho more tilnUter camp followers through tho long, trying period-ot demobilization. j- wonaonui series or normal activi ties which havo been designed to fill the days of theso boys who have risked their, lives for democracy and which win bring them home Itettor in overy sense, physical, montal and vplrttual, has been prepared and is ready for our soldiers If tho American .public in tho next few weeks signifies 'lt Indorsement by supporting tho VnlMd war Work Campaign. Has Been Increased the Y. M. C. A.'s part. In France many a hut is lined by a priest for mass and by the rabbi and the Protestunt chaplain, all within forty-eight hours. There uro no creeds on the battle.front; priest and rabbi and minister work sldo by side and the hut is the soldier's church for all. The "Y" makes no offort to foree re ligion on any man; no such" effort is necessary. At the front, where the boya are faco to faco with the great realities, they turn eagerly enough to men who can talk to them of big things in a manly way. "What nm I going to do when tho war is over?" That is tho question that thousands of the boys aro asking; they do not want to lose theso years; they want to bo equipped to hold bet ter Jobs after the war than they had before. So tho hut becomes the boI dler's college under direction-of bucIi men as Professor E. H. Wllklns of Uie University of Chicago and Professor A. C. Trowbrldgo of Iowa State Uni versity. Dr. Anson Phelps Btokcs, secretary of, Yale University, spent months in Franco laying out a comprehensive plan for making every hut a school house; and Professor F. E. Spauldlng has given" up his work as superintend ent of public schools of Cleveland to becomo the "Y's"' educational director over there. Classes In French, In history, math ematics and other -high school and col lego courses are held. Every month hundreds of lectures are given by men llko William Howard Tuft, John.'Mase field. Dr. John H. Flnley, Professors William Morrta Davis of Harvard, W. W. Atwood of Harvard and J. W. Gar ner. University of Illinois. Besides theso there ore almost nightly lectures by prominent American business men to keep the boys from losing touch with, business life. Tho monthly at tendance of soldiers and sailors at theso lectures averages moro than 1,000,000, "Y" Circuit of SS Companies. In ono week In Franco the "Y" had actors and actresses appearing In Its huts whose combined weekly salaries at homo would amount to $30,000. Twenly- fivo companies of playors and 100 lndl vldual players travol tho "Y" circuit all tho time. Jf you figure only two shows a weeK oi mo avenucu miu rauumw -vi- ATT T Summed up the normal, improving alternatives aro athletics, entertalni-, ment and education. And- tho greatost Of .theso Is education. , 1?tren with Deuce declared and natis- -tb,Xu1fln th0 ternis.rlt would tlo-lm.: pdsrtblo 'to return tU" Aniferlcnn ex TStatca In a.yeai", possibly two years. Kreds After reoco, Oonir. .. i ' . ' t Consider1 tho period elapsed in send ing ovor that force, a. wonderful record, with every rcsourco at Hand aided by British shipping worklng.-under )ilgii pressure to put those wlalers on the fighting- front in time to stem and, turn tho tlde'ot war. With that foreign shlpplng'vflthdrawn to nttend'to conj merclal and other needslthe return of. theso S.DQO.OOO heroes will be delayed for 'a, long trying -period. That- will bo a tlmo to test thn 'mettle of those men as ne'er the clash of arms did. for their discipline will be relaxed naturally, they will havo much leisure tlmo In which to deteriorate, to to de velop Into much greater men than they wero when they put on tho khaki uniform. To fill in and expand tho lives of heso hernia young men in such a pe-. rlod when idleness would prompt evil, vays when military discipline might r.rove hateful, and when tho delay In returning would causo homesickness to nsplre worse.montal conditions, the Y. M. C. A. offers educational, recrca- Y.M.CA. WORKER DISTRIBUTING CIGARETTES TO WOUNDED zVz, FRONT of REGIMENTAL DRESSING . STATION . THE WORKER ALFRED" STOKES (WITH FWCK) WAS RECOMMENDED, for CITATION for BRAVERY for HOLDI NG ihis POST UNDER SEVERE BOMBARDMENT HELPING WOUNDED. them at only 50 cents a piece, your boy is getting $32 worth of good, wholesome entertainment in the Hut Theatre. In addition there are shows in the "Y" huts in this country and on the battleships and transports. Tho aver age weekly attendance is 2,500,000 nnd so economically Is tho grcaetst movio theatre conducted that tho cost to tho Y. M. C. A. is only about two cents per attendance. In scmo of thojo little French towns wheio the boys aro billeted In houses I the . .S. Kress 5 and 10 cent stores, nnd barns nnd chicken coupsthcre is.no gnvi- up a $50,000 income on tills not a slnglo store except n. little wine 1 R:c0 to conduct the soldiers store, and shop. The rifts that you would like , t lnry over there Is not even a to s?nd tho Ixiys cannot go over bo- i dollar a year. cause ot me ira:K ot tonnage. Anu so , the "Y" canteen becomes tho only Placo whero tho boys can buy candy , and tnbuccp nnd safety razors nnd all tho othf.r little things that make life comfm lable. If any or.c tells you that tho "Y" Is makliig a profit by selling goods tb soldiers tell him plainly and emphati cally thai he Is wrong. In tho front TX T T 7T DOT HP T T? Its Campus Will Stretch From the English Channel to Germany and It Will .Afford Every Soldier Just the Kind of Education He Seeks tional entertainment and religious ac tivities on a scalo never beforo con ceived. Tako tho educational programme alone. For nlmost n year tho educa tional section of tho Y. M. C. A. Na tional War Work Council has been preparing this programme, nlded by some of tho greatesfrnen in American educational work, to say nothing of European savants. As a result tho Y. M. C. A. has laid tho foundations of the greatest university In history, one with a "campus reaching from tho English Channel to Germany," not a university of imposing buildings but ono which will educate millions. The "IChakl College." This "khaki collego" project Is tho npex ot an educational courso which reaches down to tle Illiterates drawn Into our army nnd rises through nil grades, including" expert craft and vo cational training, to tho high scholas tic and professional courses. Men with tho capability of receiving It may havo freo tho finest cducatloiravallablo, that which onco was within the rtach of only tho fnvore1 few, the tuition fee being merely the wearing of tho United States uniform. THE SUN, SUNDAY, line the "Y" sells nothing. The choco lntit, soup, fruit and cigarettes are given fcr the asking to the amount of humlniis of thousands of dollars. In the canteens further back tobacco is sold at ihe s?me prlco as In the Quar termaster's stores, tho "Y" standing tlui transportation loss. Tho "Y" never has, and never will, make ono cent of profit on Its canteen. The man at tho head of tho whole aii: ecu pervlce is Alexander McKny- deM, who was tho general manager of Athletic nn Important I'olnt. Tho "Y" had 'its athletic directors i In France with tho first troops and 1 h-is been sending them by nlmoat every ! Mill) since. And with tho men lm) gone equipment both for the camps , and ovtrseas. Sioro than lOO.oou bawl.ails. Indoor balls, soccer balls and volley balls. C.000 first baseman'1 C TO T3 T7 T X T Dr. Anson Phelns Stokes, secretary of Yale YnlviTslty, surveyed tho field for tho Y. M. C. A. It has been elabo rated and perfected by Or. John Er sklne, professor of English at Colum bia University, chairman of tho Army Educational Commission, and by Dr. Frederick E. Spauldlng, School Super intendent of Cleveland, Ohio, memler of tho commission In chargo of tho field staff and tho organization of gen eral education bolow the collego grade. Associated with them ara many lead Ing American educators. They havo been enlisting 1,000 educators from the leading Institutions of tho United States and have tho cooperntlon of leading French and Hrttlsh educntors. Tho United States Government has authorized their programme, which begins with the most elemcntry sub Jects taught In American schools and embraces nil branches of higher aca demic and" professional education, vo cational, commercial, trado and higher technical courses. With tho coopera tion of tho American Library Asso ciation the Y. M. C. A. provides tho I text books and apparatus to carry on these courses. At present more than ,30,000 Amer ican borii illiterates and. 10,000 foreign NOVEMBER 10, 1918. AND A KHAKI COLLbUb THE CENTER BUILDING WAS A YKCAfeA t CANTEEN UNTIL FRITZ SENT OVER I WSHELLS ONE AFTERNOON glows. 5,000 sets of boxing glove", 4,000 footballs and carloads of bats and masks and punching bags, &c, 'have been tent. Every month tho shipments of ath- letlc goods increase. Theisd figures will be far out of dato by the time they aro published. The "Y" has 541 athletic directors on this side and mort than 800 in France. High s tl- . nrled men nil of them In private life. Anil like every other "Y" represcnt.i- tlvu in France they are serving tho j boys without salnry receiving only their living expenses. llecently tho French Minister of War, through n member of tho French commissions, asked the "Y" to Increase the number of huts in tho Krf neh o,rmy ("Foyers du Soldate" tho French call them) from 1,300 to 2,000. He quoted Napoleon's phrase that mo rals is to other factors in war as 3 to 1; nnd he said "Tho greatest agency for creating nnd maintaining morale is the Y. M. C. A." Tho King of Italy asked to havo the CSD ("1 A NT T TTF TH-JUT AD Af ' norti soldiers Ignorant of English aro war the educational work has had to being given tho beginning of an Eng- j be condensed nnd fragmentary, al Hsh education, mathematics, geogrn- ' though It was well developed In tho phy nnd penmanship. Through July i training camps and on transports, nnd August 2,720,870 books nnd period- Geography ns presented by large wall lcals were distributed to men in tho , mapi of Europe, with Interest height- higher grades. Itequests wero frc- quent for works on higher mathe matics, technical and classical sub jects. Intensive study Is nourishing In geography, French, civics, elementary English, mathematics, applied art and trade, commercial Instruction, lecturoB end correspondence course. 00,000 Soldiers Htnilr French. 1 "Thero nro now mbro than 200,000 soldiers studying French," said Dr. Krskine recently upon his return to .sew lont io urge concentration on the education work. This instruction is free. An edition of 100,000 copies of n French text book especially pre - parcel ror mis courso ny tne i. m. u. A. was seized u'ilN l.l7f.il linnn bv ihn fcnMtnpi ' ' - ' J ......... students. nays by noted French actors were presented at Y. M. C. A. centres a a rnmh nail fntprtn nmnnl ntnl Arlti.,..' . ...... ................... t onal project, tho American soldier- students appreciating thoroughly the "IT Utn lL th" rendition of ..w .v..w... wvu.v. uu4Mlfc "Y" work extended among his troops nl"oon the ground that It strengthened morale nnd so helped to win tho war. A few "Y" men were sent to itussla nnd kept there at the express wish of . President Wilson. And so effectivo has their work been In creating sentiment for the Allies that the Germans started a special propaganda charging that tho "Y" Is a "capitalistic organization seek ing to exploit Itussla." IIoiiioh for Uo- on Purlonifn Tho Frenchman on furlough goes home; the Englishman leaps for tho tlrst lat across tho Channel. But-the American boy 3,000 miles from the ft Iks ho loves has no homo to turn to. And furloughs nro sometimes danger-, pub to homesick boys In a foreign land. Hut the "Y" has thought of fur loughs. Away back from the firing line, at AW-ln-Onins and other attrac tive points In France, tho "Y" has rented great summer hotels. They havo no tourists in these grim days 1 ened by n dally exposition of the shift Ing fronts, proved remarkablv bene ficial and Instructive to wounded men In hospitals. Tho university project will bo devel oped fully when our soldiers aro re lieved from mllltnry activity. During demobilization Industrial and voca- flnnnl cmiraaa nlll l.u riffii.a.1 n in nM I . .,. .. , ., 1 40 per cent, of tho army, common I school nnd high FChool courses will bo I offered to those who had, not finished i their schooling, whllo courses in French and nritlsh universities will be i open to qualified students. ADnllennt j who nro academically qualified will! , havo the privilege- of attendance ac- cording to their records In tho army. T.'t,i.n I.. ..11 .I... . l . , ..Xlll.,1 HUM 1 .1 I Ul nil IIINi 1 1 1 1 1 1 . -VI . C. A. offers to divert our men. Clean trans - i American bports havo been planted to French and Prltish soil, nnd i.i.a v ... . . , nl4Jl , ujn ,, nappy anuition. tne Ited Trlang e has a special normal. Tho "Y" provided practically , branch for developing talent in the all tho athletic equipment used by the .army, furnishing directors P aybooks lArrrlotin soldlern to the amount of scenery and makeup to 'enable the v,vv; uV 10 ucioccr i, ana m addl- and the owners were glad enough to tent them for the use of tho Amerlcnn ! boys. Here In this beautiful country i with tennis nnd swimming pools and billiards and baseball nnd clenn beds and plenty of warm baths your boy may spend his furlough. After the trenches It seems like heaven which means that It's nlmost llko home. It costs a lot of money to rent these resorts and to send to tlje boys tho best preachers, lecturers, actors and motion picture films In America. Uut thero Is not a man In America who thinks that tho best is too good for our boys on furlough not if ono of the boys is his boy. j Prison camps aro bitter places: they would be fnr worse were it not for the work of the Keil Cross and the T.ed Triangle. Frt,n the beginning of the war "Y" secretaries havo been carrying on their work among pris oners. That work still goes on, though In Germany It Is now carried forward by Dutch and Swiss "Y" men and through other neutral agencies such tliin in Inflntrlm ttin r,.., In .wl . .... " inuuibc freely In mass games Involving the greatest number of players has de- vised many new games adapted to tho iieeus nt uio men. Tho "Y" had 154 physical directors In the French war zone October 1, as well as 541 in home training camps. In ono month the "Y" physical directors in Franco put on G.000 baseball games, w.uuu voiieynan, -i.uuu uasKCUKill nnu S00 soccer games. Some of tho largo Items of nthlctic paraphernalia, furnished by the "Y" to our fighters over seas are 25,200 base balls, 1,440 volteyballs, 2.9S0 footballs, 15,000 bats, 17.500 baseball gloves nuiufwork which, with tho rellgm is ir 1,506 sets of boxing gloves, Clean entertainment, plays, vaude ville shows, motion pictures, concerts nnd lectures hao endeared tho Y. M. C. A. to tho American soldier overseas who looks to tho Hcd Triangle to fur nish his entertainment In war and later in demobilization. Tho "Y" enlisted the best American talent to go over to entertain tho boys. Tho "Y hut la the thentre. j one month 160" nlcht urn grammes wero given by "Y" Pn r ' tnlner nlnntr hn r.r.,,i i ' .. " M I v .. .., in liuvn areas. E. II. Sothcrn. Elsie .Tanl. Margaret Mayo, aro a few of the noted 1 figures of the American pear under such auspices. In add i . . . 1,1 .'H liioys t sUiga Uielr owa ehowa. Many. LA 1 1 he Red l riangic the Symbol of F riendliness,Com- r i f iuru anu v-ucci iui 1 -J si o T T n UU1U1CIO liC-IC, Overseas and in the Prison Camps of the Enemy ns thp Danish Ited Cross; but It Ik ..H n ...... .1 .... ,MnMnn.. 1, in unuiiiuu uy iiaiii luuur. i If your boy is taken prisoner h will find a "Y" man In his prlio lump, Tho packages that you ser.n him will get through to their dee nation If there la uny human way managing it. Your hand stretched ou through the long arm of the "Y" wli. be doing for him, wherever ho is i.. Europe, the things that you would do If you were with him. Somo time ago Herbert I. Prat' vice-president of tho Standard 0)1 1 Company and one of tho business inc ,' who Is giving his time freely to tb management of tho "Y's" war wor went to Franco. He cabled buck froi. thero: "Get the biggest business men 1 1 America to come over here. Tl-ro no bank president, railroad man e merchant for whom tho Job of helpln our boys in a 'Y' hut is too small." Women Help (ircntlj-. And tho "Y"1 has sent women, too wholesomc, cheerful women, gnoi! look upon. The bflys come back t them nt night, hungry for the soun-. j of a woman's voice, in a lang'iac they can understand. Half emtmrassec they sh6w them the photographs e' tho mother they havo loft behind r tho girl -"back there." So ono cn overestimate tho iutluenco or the women on the lives of our boys. A man for every 3,008 soldiers France, is tho "Y" programme X salaries are paid only baro expensi. and a smnll ullowanco for tho families of married men. Of theso brave tn' and women, cloven have ulrady bei killed by gas and shells, nnd scores havo been mentioned for bravery ji dcr fire. Two signs, or synilmls. g'sam o'' acroa the torn ImttlefleMs of luror The lied Crus tho symbol o( :ni:ro and thu Red Triannle, tho symbol l friendliness nnd comfort onrt ch'jer. Many years ago the Y. M C adopted the Ited Triangle as its on blem. Thu three shies of the triam . are symliolie of tho threo suleil vclopment of tho strong inai t physical, the Intellectual and t n spiritual. In other words, s n-.l)o'( ' hi" iiinuencc ot mo best mr ri:i homes, C nr T 1 l ' t t1 ! f ...... , , . nulling .wnerii.ins aiso nave apo through thp war zono under Y M C. A. auspices. Motion pictures furnish a iomp'fp jpnnso of "Y" entertnlnm. nt T ' havo cheered millions of soloVrs r havo kept them in touch u-.n, ii From April to September 1 fie v ' movio department sent ocr ' " I feet of tho best film, gavo an"!"-., .s or 800 shows u week with nnii,, , ,., Franco averaging almost l.OOO.nn.. weekly. Tho value of the.se emeitt' nicnts in tho terms of morale . bo overestimated. Theso aro the features of y M i" v vices sought by tho men, wiii strong upholders of the Amen-nn ?i diers towering reputation in Fion-n tnrougn demobilization. The r.s'.n knows of the services render, lb, . Triangle men and worn- :i in billet, trench nnd on tin- i-mmi. whero they went with tic mWnr tho very front, serving o.r hot r drinks, chocolater, crucUei.-. und i' small comforti to tho nghM rs often had no other food ,il daj A dozen "Y" workers u' e killed on duty, dozens hno wounded or gassvil, but tnev faltered In the work which won the high regard of our soldier In ing mado gooil under fire, the Y M C. A. now stands ready to n ihm tho period of demobilization if fi American people furnish tho mean' by supporting the fnitcd War Wor Cauipaitn, . ''