Newspaper Page Text
-1 4. j
:Y" STANDS FOR MORALE NOW,
' ' 4 v I
' W ' M . JTP AT TOURS. TH IS CANTEEN XS OPERATED
10 Pet Cent, by
Activities, Declares Gen. Pershing
THE'T. M. C. A. hut is homo to
day for 2,000,000 boys ovor
there, and for nnother million
on. this side. Gen. Pershing pays:.
""ino hundred men plus Y equals
" 'jJeut.-Col. E. S. Wheeler in a re
port to Gen. Pershing in May, 1918,
"There is no one factor contributing
more to the morals of tho American
Army In France than the Y. M". C.'AJ
The value ot this organization cannot
be overestimated. Give mo 900 men
xvho havo a Y. M. C. A. rather than
1,000 who have none, and I will havo
better fighters ovory time."
Gen. Pershing directed that Col.
TVteoler's lcttnr be cent to tho Y. M.
C. ?A. officials, and himself added this
"The conclusions and opinions of
Ucut.-Col. Wheeler are concurred in
by theso headquarters."
Kino men who aro happy end en
tertained can outfight ten who aro
homesick and lonesome. It la the
business of the "Y" tot add this extra
10 per cent, to tho fighting edlclency
'of our armies; to maintain that In
definable quality which wins wars
Una Dnllt 038 HdIi Here.
Tho "Y" has built 5S8 huts in Amer
ican cantonmonts; and in France the
number is larger already and is .grow.
ing at tho'rato of a hundred a month,
If they were gathered together they
would make a city. And besides these
there are "Huts' in cellars and dugr
outs, right under the guns' In franco;
for the "Y" follows the boys straight
up to tho trenches.
In some of the French .towns, where
the boys are billeted in' barns and
warehouses, the hut It tho only place
whero they can bo warm or writo a
letter. Coal was 60 a ton in those
towns last winter, but tho "Y'" kept
the hut fires burning. JIvery day
2,500,000 letters are written on "Y"
stationery. At tho opening., of one of
tho big huts n. Catholic Rriefjt,' a Jew
lsh rabbi and mlnlsteri)fot ten '.differ
ent Protestant denomination took
IMAGINE 2,000,000, .dauntless,
vigorous, full blooded, . young
Americans stopped suddenly' in
their sole) occupation, war making,, as
a. result of tho surrender of aerjnanr,'.
They aro moro than 3,000 miles .from j
home, and because no ono trusts tier
many they must remain' with tho
allied armies to enforce the terms of
The French, English,' Ilelglans and
Italians can slip away, war weary, to
their homes, comparatively near, on
st(ort furloughs oven while held under
arms. Our boys, no longer stimulated
by the fierce exaltation of battle, the
stern necessity of keeping themsolvcs
physically;, mentally and spiritually
100 per cent., must have-other stimuli
to maintain their splendid moralo, to
hold off homesickness v and tho more
tilnUter camp followers through tho
long, trying period-ot demobilization.
j- wonaonui series or normal activi
ties which havo been designed to fill
the days of theso boys who have
risked their, lives for democracy and
which win bring them home Itettor in
overy sense, physical, montal and
vplrttual, has been prepared and is
ready for our soldiers If tho American
.public in tho next few weeks signifies
'lt Indorsement by supporting tho
VnlMd war Work Campaign.
Has Been Increased
the Y. M. C. A.'s
part. In France many a hut is lined
by a priest for mass and by the rabbi
and the Protestunt chaplain, all within
forty-eight hours. There uro no creeds
on the battle.front; priest and rabbi
and minister work sldo by side and
the hut is the soldier's church for all.
The "Y" makes no offort to foree re
ligion on any man; no such" effort is
necessary. At the front, where the
boya are faco to faco with the great
realities, they turn eagerly enough to
men who can talk to them of big things
in a manly way.
"What nm I going to do when tho
war is over?" That is tho question
that thousands of the boys aro asking;
they do not want to lose theso years;
they want to bo equipped to hold bet
ter Jobs after the war than they had
before. So tho hut becomes the boI
dler's college under direction-of bucIi
men as Professor E. H. Wllklns of Uie
University of Chicago and Professor
A. C. Trowbrldgo of Iowa State Uni
versity. Dr. Anson Phelps Btokcs, secretary
of, Yale University, spent months in
Franco laying out a comprehensive
plan for making every hut a school
house; and Professor F. E. Spauldlng
has given" up his work as superintend
ent of public schools of Cleveland to
becomo the "Y's"' educational director
Classes In French, In history, math
ematics and other -high school and col
lego courses are held. Every month
hundreds of lectures are given by men
llko William Howard Tuft, John.'Mase
field. Dr. John H. Flnley, Professors
William Morrta Davis of Harvard, W.
W. Atwood of Harvard and J. W. Gar
ner. University of Illinois. Besides
theso there ore almost nightly lectures
by prominent American business men
to keep the boys from losing touch
with, business life. Tho monthly at
tendance of soldiers and sailors at
theso lectures averages moro than
"Y" Circuit of SS Companies.
In ono week In Franco the "Y" had
actors and actresses appearing In Its
huts whose combined weekly salaries at
homo would amount to $30,000. Twenly-
fivo companies of playors and 100 lndl
vldual players travol tho "Y" circuit all
tho time. Jf you figure only two shows
a weeK oi mo avenucu miu rauumw
-vi- ATT T
Summed up the normal, improving
alternatives aro athletics, entertalni-,
ment and education. And- tho greatost
Of .theso Is education.
, 1?tren with Deuce declared and natis-
-tb,Xu1fln th0 ternis.rlt would tlo-lm.:
pdsrtblo 'to return tU" Aniferlcnn ex
TStatca In a.yeai", possibly two years.
Kreds After reoco, Oonir. ..
i ' . ' t
Consider1 tho period elapsed in send
ing ovor that force, a. wonderful record,
with every rcsourco at Hand aided by
British shipping worklng.-under )ilgii
pressure to put those wlalers on the
fighting- front in time to stem and, turn
tho tlde'ot war. With that foreign
shlpplng'vflthdrawn to nttend'to conj
merclal and other needslthe return of.
theso S.DQO.OOO heroes will be delayed
for 'a, long trying -period. That- will
bo a tlmo to test thn 'mettle of those
men as ne'er the clash of arms did.
for their discipline will be relaxed
naturally, they will havo much leisure
tlmo In which to deteriorate, to to de
velop Into much greater men than
they wero when they put on tho khaki
To fill in and expand tho lives of
heso hernia young men in such a pe-.
rlod when idleness would prompt evil,
vays when military discipline might
r.rove hateful, and when tho delay In
returning would causo homesickness to
nsplre worse.montal conditions, the
Y. M. C. A. offers educational, recrca-
Y.M.CA. WORKER DISTRIBUTING CIGARETTES
TO WOUNDED zVz, FRONT of REGIMENTAL
DRESSING . STATION . THE WORKER ALFRED" STOKES
(WITH FWCK) WAS RECOMMENDED, for CITATION
for BRAVERY for HOLDI NG ihis POST UNDER
SEVERE BOMBARDMENT HELPING WOUNDED.
them at only 50 cents a piece, your
boy is getting $32 worth of good,
wholesome entertainment in the Hut
In addition there are shows in the
"Y" huts in this country and on the
battleships and transports. Tho aver
age weekly attendance is 2,500,000 nnd
so economically Is tho grcaetst movio
theatre conducted that tho cost to tho
Y. M. C. A. is only about two cents
In scmo of thojo little French towns
wheio the boys aro billeted In houses I the . .S. Kress 5 and 10 cent stores,
nnd barns nnd chicken coupsthcre is.no gnvi- up a $50,000 income on tills
not a slnglo store except n. little wine 1 R:c0 to conduct the soldiers store, and
shop. The rifts that you would like , t lnry over there Is not even a
to s?nd tho Ixiys cannot go over bo- i dollar a year.
cause ot me ira:K ot tonnage. Anu so ,
the "Y" canteen becomes tho only
Placo whero tho boys can buy candy ,
and tnbuccp nnd safety razors nnd all
tho othf.r little things that make life
If any or.c tells you that tho "Y" Is
makliig a profit by selling goods tb
soldiers tell him plainly and emphati
cally thai he Is wrong. In tho front
TX T T 7T DOT HP T T?
Its Campus Will Stretch From the English Channel to Germany and It Will
.Afford Every Soldier Just the Kind of Education He Seeks
tional entertainment and religious ac
tivities on a scalo never beforo con
ceived. Tako tho educational programme
alone. For nlmost n year tho educa
tional section of tho Y. M. C. A. Na
tional War Work Council has been
preparing this programme, nlded by
some of tho greatesfrnen in American
educational work, to say nothing of
European savants. As a result tho Y.
M. C. A. has laid tho foundations of the
greatest university In history, one with
a "campus reaching from tho English
Channel to Germany," not a university
of imposing buildings but ono which
will educate millions.
The "IChakl College."
This "khaki collego" project Is tho
npex ot an educational courso which
reaches down to tle Illiterates drawn
Into our army nnd rises through nil
grades, including" expert craft and vo
cational training, to tho high scholas
tic and professional courses. Men with
tho capability of receiving It may havo
freo tho finest cducatloiravallablo, that
which onco was within the rtach of
only tho fnvore1 few, the tuition fee
being merely the wearing of tho United
THE SUN, SUNDAY,
line the "Y" sells nothing. The choco
lntit, soup, fruit and cigarettes are
given fcr the asking to the amount of
humlniis of thousands of dollars. In
the canteens further back tobacco is
sold at ihe s?me prlco as In the Quar
termaster's stores, tho "Y" standing
tlui transportation loss. Tho "Y"
never has, and never will, make ono
cent of profit on Its canteen.
The man at tho head of tho whole
aii: ecu pervlce is Alexander McKny-
deM, who was tho general manager of
Athletic nn Important I'olnt.
Tho "Y" had 'its athletic directors
i In France with tho first troops and
1 h-is been sending them by nlmoat every
! Mill) since. And with tho men lm)
gone equipment both for the camps ,
and ovtrseas. Sioro than lOO.oou
bawl.ails. Indoor balls, soccer balls and
volley balls. C.000 first baseman'1
C TO T3 T7 T X T
Dr. Anson Phelns Stokes, secretary
of Yale YnlviTslty, surveyed tho field
for tho Y. M. C. A. It has been elabo
rated and perfected by Or. John Er
sklne, professor of English at Colum
bia University, chairman of tho Army
Educational Commission, and by Dr.
Frederick E. Spauldlng, School Super
intendent of Cleveland, Ohio, memler
of tho commission In chargo of tho
field staff and tho organization of gen
eral education bolow the collego grade.
Associated with them ara many lead
Ing American educators. They havo
been enlisting 1,000 educators from the
leading Institutions of tho United
States and have tho cooperntlon of
leading French and Hrttlsh educntors.
Tho United States Government has
authorized their programme, which
begins with the most elemcntry sub
Jects taught In American schools and
embraces nil branches of higher aca
demic and" professional education, vo
cational, commercial, trado and higher
technical courses. With tho coopera
tion of tho American Library Asso
ciation the Y. M. C. A. provides tho I
text books and apparatus to carry on
At present more than ,30,000 Amer
ican borii illiterates and. 10,000 foreign
NOVEMBER 10, 1918.
AND A KHAKI COLLbUb
THE CENTER BUILDING WAS A YKCAfeA
t CANTEEN UNTIL FRITZ SENT OVER I
WSHELLS ONE AFTERNOON
glows. 5,000 sets of boxing glove",
4,000 footballs and carloads of bats and
masks and punching bags, &c, 'have
Every month tho shipments of ath-
letlc goods increase. Theisd figures
will be far out of dato by the time
they aro published. The "Y" has 541
athletic directors on this side and
mort than 800 in France. High s tl- .
nrled men nil of them In private life.
Anil like every other "Y" represcnt.i-
tlvu in France they are serving tho j
boys without salnry receiving only
their living expenses.
llecently tho French Minister of
War, through n member of tho
French commissions, asked the "Y" to
Increase the number of huts in tho
Krf neh o,rmy ("Foyers du Soldate" tho
French call them) from 1,300 to 2,000.
He quoted Napoleon's phrase that mo
rals is to other factors in war as 3 to
1; nnd he said "Tho greatest agency
for creating nnd maintaining morale
is the Y. M. C. A."
Tho King of Italy asked to havo the
CSD ("1 A NT T TTF TH-JUT AD Af '
norti soldiers Ignorant of English aro war the educational work has had to
being given tho beginning of an Eng- j be condensed nnd fragmentary, al
Hsh education, mathematics, geogrn- ' though It was well developed In tho
phy nnd penmanship. Through July i training camps and on transports,
nnd August 2,720,870 books nnd period- Geography ns presented by large wall
lcals were distributed to men in tho , mapi of Europe, with Interest height-
higher grades. Itequests wero frc-
quent for works on higher mathe
matics, technical and classical sub
jects. Intensive study Is nourishing In
geography, French, civics, elementary
English, mathematics, applied art and
trade, commercial Instruction, lecturoB
end correspondence course.
00,000 Soldiers Htnilr French.
"Thero nro now mbro than 200,000
soldiers studying French," said Dr.
Krskine recently upon his return to
.sew lont io urge concentration on
the education work. This instruction
is free. An edition of 100,000 copies
of n French text book especially pre -
parcel ror mis courso ny tne i. m. u.
A. was seized
u'ilN l.l7f.il linnn bv ihn fcnMtnpi
' ' - ' J .........
nays by noted French actors were
presented at Y. M. C. A. centres a a
rnmh nail fntprtn nmnnl ntnl Arlti.,..'
. ...... ...................
t onal project, tho American soldier-
students appreciating thoroughly the
"IT Utn lL th" rendition of
..w .v..w... wvu.v. uu4Mlfc
"Y" work extended among his troops
nl"oon the ground that It strengthened
morale nnd so helped to win tho war.
A few "Y" men were sent to itussla
nnd kept there at the express wish of .
President Wilson. And so effectivo has
their work been In creating sentiment
for the Allies that the Germans started
a special propaganda charging that tho
"Y" Is a "capitalistic organization seek
ing to exploit Itussla."
IIoiiioh for Uo- on Purlonifn
Tho Frenchman on furlough goes
home; the Englishman leaps for tho
tlrst lat across tho Channel. But-the
American boy 3,000 miles from the
ft Iks ho loves has no homo to turn to.
And furloughs nro sometimes danger-,
pub to homesick boys In a foreign
Hut the "Y" has thought of fur
loughs. Away back from the firing
line, at AW-ln-Onins and other attrac
tive points In France, tho "Y" has
rented great summer hotels. They
havo no tourists in these grim days
1 ened by n dally exposition of the shift
Ing fronts, proved remarkablv bene
ficial and Instructive to wounded men
Tho university project will bo devel
oped fully when our soldiers aro re
lieved from mllltnry activity. During
demobilization Industrial and voca-
flnnnl cmiraaa nlll l.u riffii.a.1 n in nM
I . .,. .. , .,
1 40 per cent, of tho army, common
I school nnd high FChool courses will bo
I offered to those who had, not finished
i their schooling, whllo courses in
French and nritlsh universities will be
i open to qualified students. ADnllennt
j who nro academically qualified will!
, havo the privilege- of attendance ac-
cording to their records In tho army.
T.'t,i.n I.. ..11 .I... . l .
, ..Xlll.,1 HUM 1 .1 I Ul nil IIINi 1 1 1 1 1 1 . -VI
. C. A. offers to divert our men.
i American bports havo been
planted to French and Prltish soil, nnd
i.i.a v ... . .
, nl4Jl , ujn ,, nappy anuition. tne Ited Trlang e has a special
normal. Tho "Y" provided practically , branch for developing talent in the
all tho athletic equipment used by the .army, furnishing directors P aybooks
lArrrlotin soldlern to the amount of scenery and makeup to 'enable the
v,vv; uV 10 ucioccr i, ana m addl-
and the owners were glad enough to
tent them for the use of tho Amerlcnn
! boys. Here In this beautiful country
i with tennis nnd swimming pools and
billiards and baseball nnd clenn beds
and plenty of warm baths your boy
may spend his furlough. After the
trenches It seems like heaven which
means that It's nlmost llko home.
It costs a lot of money to rent these
resorts and to send to tlje boys tho
best preachers, lecturers, actors and
motion picture films In America. Uut
thero Is not a man In America who
thinks that tho best is too good for our
boys on furlough not if ono of the
boys is his boy. j
Prison camps aro bitter places: they
would be fnr worse were it not for
the work of the Keil Cross and the
T.ed Triangle. Frt,n the beginning of
the war "Y" secretaries havo been
carrying on their work among pris
oners. That work still goes on, though
In Germany It Is now carried forward
by Dutch and Swiss "Y" men and
through other neutral agencies such
tliin in Inflntrlm ttin r,.., In .wl . ....
freely In mass games Involving the
greatest number of players has de-
vised many new games adapted to tho
iieeus nt uio men.
Tho "Y" had 154 physical directors In
the French war zone October 1, as well
as 541 in home training camps. In
ono month the "Y" physical directors
in Franco put on G.000 baseball games,
w.uuu voiieynan, -i.uuu uasKCUKill nnu
S00 soccer games.
Some of tho largo Items of nthlctic
paraphernalia, furnished by the "Y" to
our fighters over seas are 25,200 base
balls, 1,440 volteyballs, 2.9S0 footballs,
15,000 bats, 17.500 baseball gloves nuiufwork which, with tho rellgm is ir
1,506 sets of boxing gloves,
Clean entertainment, plays, vaude
ville shows, motion pictures, concerts
nnd lectures hao endeared tho Y. M.
C. A. to tho American soldier overseas
who looks to tho Hcd Triangle to fur
nish his entertainment In war and later
in demobilization. Tho "Y" enlisted
the best American talent to go over to
entertain tho boys. Tho "Y
hut la the
j one month 160" nlcht urn
grammes wero given by "Y" Pn r
' tnlner nlnntr hn r.r.,,i i ' .. " M
I v .. .., in liuvn
areas. E. II. Sothcrn. Elsie .Tanl.
Margaret Mayo, aro a few of the noted
1 figures of the American
pear under such auspices. In add
i . . . 1,1 .'H
liioys t sUiga Uielr owa ehowa. Many.
1 he Red l riangic
the Symbol of
r i f
iuru anu v-ucci iui
1 -J si o T T n
Overseas and in
the Prison Camps
of the Enemy
ns thp Danish Ited Cross; but It Ik
..H n ...... .1 .... ,MnMnn.. 1,
in unuiiiuu uy iiaiii luuur. i
If your boy is taken prisoner h
will find a "Y" man In his prlio
lump, Tho packages that you ser.n
him will get through to their dee
nation If there la uny human way
managing it. Your hand stretched ou
through the long arm of the "Y" wli.
be doing for him, wherever ho is i..
Europe, the things that you would do
If you were with him.
Somo time ago Herbert I. Prat'
vice-president of tho Standard 0)1 1
Company and one of tho business inc ,'
who Is giving his time freely to tb
management of tho "Y's" war wor
went to Franco. He cabled buck froi.
"Get the biggest business men 1 1
America to come over here. Tl-ro
no bank president, railroad man e
merchant for whom tho Job of helpln
our boys in a 'Y' hut is too small."
Women Help (ircntlj-.
And tho "Y"1 has sent women, too
wholesomc, cheerful women, gnoi!
look upon. The bflys come back t
them nt night, hungry for the soun-.
j of a woman's voice, in a lang'iac
they can understand. Half emtmrassec
they sh6w them the photographs e'
tho mother they havo loft behind r
tho girl -"back there." So ono cn
overestimate tho iutluenco or the
women on the lives of our boys.
A man for every 3,008 soldiers
France, is tho "Y" programme X
salaries are paid only baro expensi.
and a smnll ullowanco for tho families
of married men. Of theso brave tn'
and women, cloven have ulrady bei
killed by gas and shells, nnd scores
havo been mentioned for bravery ji
Two signs, or synilmls. g'sam o''
acroa the torn ImttlefleMs of luror
The lied Crus tho symbol o( :ni:ro
and thu Red Triannle, tho symbol l
friendliness nnd comfort onrt ch'jer.
Many years ago the Y. M C
adopted the Ited Triangle as its on
blem. Thu three shies of the triam .
are symliolie of tho threo suleil
vclopment of tho strong inai t
physical, the Intellectual and t n
spiritual. In other words, s n-.l)o'( '
hi" iiinuencc ot mo best mr ri:i
C nr T 1 l ' t t1
! f ...... , , .
nulling .wnerii.ins aiso nave apo
through thp war zono under Y M
C. A. auspices.
Motion pictures furnish a iomp'fp
jpnnso of "Y" entertnlnm. nt T '
havo cheered millions of soloVrs r
havo kept them in touch u-.n, ii
From April to September 1 fie v '
movio department sent ocr ' "
I feet of tho best film, gavo an"!"-., .s
or 800 shows u week with nnii,, , ,.,
Franco averaging almost l.OOO.nn..
weekly. Tho value of the.se emeitt'
nicnts in tho terms of morale .
Theso aro the features of y M i" v
vices sought by tho men, wiii
strong upholders of the Amen-nn ?i
diers towering reputation in Fion-n
tnrougn demobilization. The r.s'.n
knows of the services render, lb, .
Triangle men and worn- :i in
billet, trench nnd on tin- i-mmi.
whero they went with tic mWnr
tho very front, serving o.r hot r
drinks, chocolater, crucUei.-. und i'
small comforti to tho nghM rs
often had no other food ,il daj
A dozen "Y" workers u' e
killed on duty, dozens hno
wounded or gassvil, but tnev
faltered In the work which won
the high regard of our soldier In
ing mado gooil under fire, the Y M
C. A. now stands ready to n ihm
tho period of demobilization if fi
American people furnish tho mean'
by supporting the fnitcd War Wor