Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1918.
44 EMPEROR'S HIGHEST CONCEPTION OF KINGSHIP THAT OF SUPREME SOLDIER snother anil moro perilous step, it trousht the Kals olostSr" to war; Trance yielded and the crisis passed, but tho sting: was there j hussla, which jllsmarck hail always favored nnd nursed as a friend, had been alienated by William's policy. After the defeat of rtussla by Japan William proceeded to doclare tho trreat eastern empire of the Cur neifllgble. Turtcty" was ap protched. Kaiser And Kalserln mailo n' journey to Constantinople; and the league of northern brutality wjth Turk Irh detcstablcnera came about. The lines v.rrc drawing tighter and It was only & question of time when 'the hour would ttrlke. The Kaiser made Journeys to Eng land, and appeared ' to enjoy them. Curiously, his early turn for KnulUli life revived. lie was now a yachtsman and appeared to believe In the English turn for "sport," but the dockyards were busy, the preparations went on, and Herman officers began drinking toasts to "The Day" : namely, that on which they should meet the English, just as tho English cupporfers of the exiled Stuarts used to hold their glasses over n water bowl when they drank a toast to 'The Kin" to "the King over the water." William before this had ad- oca ted a closer use of the German linguago In old tfrma and new. thus In tensifying Germanism. Nothing seemed left undono to whip the emplro to white heat. Ills "November storm In 1908 an Indiscreet Interview published In England aroused bitter feeling there, at homo and elsewhere abroad. lie loved peace, he loved the English, but they did not love him. He even suffered In Germany, he. said, for his championship of England. Then tor a couple of years, under a rebuko from the Itetchstag, he held his peace, but redoubled his ef forts to make Qennahy ready, A con Motion Is forced on one that Gorman eelf.contlden.ee, howevor well founded and which was racial as welt as Im perial, brought back to the Kaiser the nliltn thought, tho old temptation, that the tlmo to round out his career with a Irilllant war was at hand. Never of a certainty was the General Staff at Herlln so worked. To the most meticu lous detail possible campaigns were worked over and distant preparations made, whose range and fextent were un known at home, and unimaglned by the outside world at the time. The Kaiser's Identification of himself as the Regent of God became moro pronounced. At last the occasion came. One need not here review at length very recent history In which the matters In dispute covered lit eral acres of state papers. The heir to the Austrian throne and his wife were sent to death In the public street at Semjevo, In Bosnia by a youth on June 21, 1914. The genesis of the deed was sild to have been traced to Serbia. Seven days later "the fatal July 6" at a meeting held in Berlin, the Kaiser present, tho demands that Austria should make on Serbia were drawn up terms which no nation could brook entire. Francis Joseph Vbeyed the order from Berlin. Germany after July 5 began making preparations for wax. Events followed their course. Serbia agreed to all the terms but one. That no nation could endure and live. Wtlhelm had ostentatiously gone yacht ing after July C. He returned practi cally to declare war. Austria cried. "All, all!" Itussla said it could not look unmoved on this crushing of Serbia, so Kaiser Wllhelm declared war on Russia and Invaded .Belgium on his way to France. Then came England Into the war "in defence of Belgium." Germany calling her treaty with Bel gium, In the spirit of Nietzsche and .Yteltschke and Bernhardl, a scrap of 'paper. St r a sales Over War Decision. In his own words the casting of the dice of war cost"hIm'itt?f1b!e'nnen1al struggle when at last opportunity lay under his hand with the pen on the table and his Minister assuring him that all would be well. He probably doubted his luck, but he signed. A dash, a greater dash and one till greater. The" mafned German for mation in face of modern missiles ap pealed to him. He would breakthrough ; he would not go around. No doubt the plans of the first advance on France Ind his approval; they were wholly In lila spirit. The Ineffectiveness of "the Crown Prince in his attempt to break the Ituealan lines In the East after the breakdown of the first offensive against Franco came from the same wild rc folve to crush through at all cost, which waa the Kaiser's militant crenl up to that time, and easily, therefore, the creed' of the boy. Shortly thereafter there were signs that the ruling of the great campaigns,- even their origin, had been taken away from him, leaving him a really subordinate share In, the shaping of the great fighting event The marvel Is that ho held out ugalnst It eo long. Such' gruelling as he put upon himself, ind fate forced on htm, no matter what physical precaution is taken, Is .bound to find the i . 4n mnn'a montnl nil Tlhvs- v, rn v biio w - ical makeup. The haggard man going from point to point vnu iron. io wuuv, Kddressln? words of cheer and confi dence. Incitements to sacrifice to his men i - - t, wna nn Innror nllowed tn direct, with tho casualties in the millions, the sea closed to him, the food short Is far from the picture of the debonair Kaiser uiai- iiaa imcrc.icu the world. It. The I.lte of Emperor "William II. The union of Prinoe Frederick William of Prussia with the Princess Victoria, eldest daughter of Queen Vlotorla of England (ho 27 and she 1! years old) on January 25, 18S8, vras blessed with n son, born tn Berlin on February 27, '589. Awaited with anxiety because of iie fact that If a boy the child would be eir presumptive to the throne of T'russla, following his father the actual heir, all royal Europe made Inquiry, Queen Victoria telegraphed. "Is it a fine boN " History does not tell us the an swer, but doubtless It was.an afTlrma.'tlve to the doting grandmother: court eti quette would concede nothing less. They named him Frederick William Victor Albert, happily repeating the names of lus father and grandfather on the male "do and of his two grandparents on the distaff side. To the court the baby was Prince William. Sad to say, he was. not a fine baby boy. Ills young mother, not yet 19 but physically well set up as tnoflt of hor 'amlly. had passed a nervous, worried prennanoy. At any rate tho baby boy was hardly rescued from Inanition, and three daya after It was observed that he 'h'l not moe hU left arm. The first Idea was that thero had been bad practice by h nervous, inexperienced doctor suddenly i allol, but It seems to have been esta 1 shd that no doctor, midwife or nurse was to tilamt; that the deformity waa ngenltal; that it not merely affected left arm but Ithe wbolo left side, living a talc of weakness In the left leg t"l a condition of the left ear that a'wO alarms from tlmo to tlmo amoirif 'nc doctor and caused the patient pro .'Used agonies. Constitution ISxccllcnt. Tho boy's constitution was, how ' r, excellent. Ills frame expanded, extra forco went with the normal ' slit side of him, and ho grew to 'axe part In childish gamos with more "Hii usual vigor. He was a lively, In 1'ilKltlve child with energy o'nough to out Ills nurhns. The. left onn con ' "ucd to grow ut gained little or no Mi, it finally ceased crowing- when rec Indies short. of the right arm's ' ugtli, but it ' never UevolopM normal urrle u nd the lhand remained jilloously "iall Hero was n handicap for a tu'oud, liauzht'y boy destined to follow a I!?uAp?,,0 " hlB thor appeared then, a. vie rujm uoiienzoiierns. n i tv, . scnt t0 lhe university ,.. ' among mo students for , muting- uir omer "men lie found himself more at home. He put imea to amer with people, ami ,h.H rt".wJu ." beer Jug humor 7.tln.!r of hl" c,aM- san he was ..w.vU a rausiactory. At 20 he rc Jinftf. i0,.B "'!" ,aklnB "f ''! "ldlerty i.llh J",h' now in he Hussars. m.I r'"ng novels iiimI enjoy. or5lmf2lf' a.1d mallng a few friends among them lhe Waldcrsees. o.TSf sosl'as to William's light lovts at inls terlod m mitnt oti.i.i ...... . .j ...... ....n(lfc uata UCCII cxpectJd. He was kept, too busy to ttH. i , "" vea; no would needs bn n faint In ... . i ...... ccibjio mo lines "'e.' ana at. An thony never lived In Berlin. What Is ery certain Is that on a Journey 7, V lnr??S0 hatte.l ov-ernlgh( at Bchloss Trlnkenau. the romanllc allj placed castle of the Duke of .U.'i ,enbur , of Schleswlg-Holsteln. and the next day, according to a court ieirend. rnnn titw.n t. . . . . . i . . " . i -Hi. .i uiv in a. garucn bower who. wonderful to relate, was the . nouso- tne I'rincess Au- SUSte Vlntnrln KnA . t , -i.j .u i ou tncjr wrro mar- II th ro""lng February 27 before -------- mui iiiid lump ana cir cumstance. Crovrn Prince, Darn May O, 1882, Tho Crown Trlni. n f - whose warlike predilection and dubious .mwco. u an army commander on tho west front in franco we have heard much since the-Var began, waa born M&v R 1IC1 rm.... j . . r. . A: . imiiicu nim porten tously Frederick William Victor Au- B"3ie imcai or llohenxollorn. Joy was all over tho Imperial family once more. Etnnernr William ann rt.... t. ... iit-n , it.iuria became thereby grcat-grandparcnts. Sons uMuncti in regular ciocRwork succes sion Eltcl-FrledrlchrXualbcrt. Augusts vllneim, Oscar, Joachim. One daugh ter, the Princess Victoria Louisa, born 1892, completes tho family of seven. Long before th period of family ad ditions had come to a close the young pair had to cross the courtyards and take on the Imperial crown. The relations of the whole family were amiable enough until 1887, when the aged Emperor Will iam began to fall and the fatal Illness ot me tnroat ocgan to develop In the Crown Trlnce Frederick. Bismarck again was in the thick of 'it tta niiniu dreaded, for his own sake perhaps, for mo saxe ot tne atale, he said, the com- lnir of FrnriArtrlr tn th. It,rn. T r erlck should die before the falling Em peror all would bo well. If not? He put nis trust in tne story or cancer which the doctors told under their breaths. To rinHtlA waa trt a. wttn nUmnH.1. ah.Y t, a actually brought the matter plumply be- lore r reoerioK. wouiu lie consent not O r -! tn If nl malut. n.ni.n . , . r an Incurable kind? TlrnnM mlnrfp.i Frrt. erick would and did in writliw. Con- sternaition on his wife's part followed. schemer: should they submit without a struggle? Then bo ran that pray, hid eous Juggling with disease and death wnicn covered mo summoning or n Scotch doctor, Mackenzie, who managed to assert that tho patient's malady was oenign ana tnen aime tne journey to Italy, all Europe as w$U as those In the cast of tl tragedy watching. waltln&r and wondering whAtlipr dpAth tn T?Alln WM V. . n... ... J . I i.i. ti u lu nan . . . i; into u I II death under Italian sklefl at San Homo. wen, me oia ti-nperor oiea on Jistrcn 3, IttB lTnavfA-lnl.' o n .t , li r, .w nmn.M arrived March 11 in Berlin and for ninety oays ency reignea in a Knasiiy mockery of state, when Frederick, too. (JtlKCU aitdf, Snrronndril Pnlare With Troops. William II. at 23 was on the throne. June 5. 1SS8. William had been III the opposite camp to his mother during the ninety days reign. She, in her grief, her worry, her at tempt to gather up the loose ends of her lifo as a Princess and now an Empress, could scarcely fall to denounce his atti tude as unnatural. No sooner, however. had the breath left the body of his father than at Williams order tne palace was surrounded by his troops. He had been Major-General for two years ; now he commindcd tho whole army. No one was to pass In or out. KM f.nn mumi u n n , With A (VMinla rt l.n.l.,1 tnlln..-. U. an. 1- n . ii u.ivu luiiwntia 1 1 c VII tera1 ttla mr.t1.-n. - . ,. 1 ... "iuiiiii a njif.i iiuoiiin hiiu 1 it 1 1 sacked, them for certain papcrsi inniong 1T1 w ,ong Kept oy nis tatner, "o teareo would renect upon him If TlUhllallMl n- te It 4.11 Inln ........... -- - - w. . i . ..ii iti.t tiiii7t;i uu- lous hands. . He told Bismarck In ...uiuiMi wiiai no nau aone. iiismarcK wljs aghast. "DlSmlfM th t-nnna nt n-nn" l.n ..M "this would be ruinous: you cannot inntuuiiij- imprison your mother." Tlie joung man's anger had cooled; he dismissed the soldiers, and again .all " "". -ic gaiceti ills point loo. At Bismarck's suggestion he cut off his mother's income, and ens surrendered the book. His father was accorded a simple military funeral, and ho began to reign with the greatest gusto, and every day thAranftl.- Ihn mn-n t. . Mlnn.n tn. V. -1 ter he liked It. He falrly'revelled In tho purple. He smoked, drank beer or a little wine, ho InVftfl In rrn litinftna. In Tlt.aata nn -nf. much, walked much and on most occa sions ne ciiKca mucii. a very fluent, con sequential talker, a remorseless question- ci. -ic tutcu to cnange nm ciotnes or rather his uniforms; he had no liking for civilian clothes. Ho was vain In a larffe Wav. Ha fnlrlv Invrrl tn l.a nhnln. graphed. Only a Feet 7 Inches Tall. A curious matter Is that no two writ ers seem to agree on his height. He is not more than S feel 7 Inches the tallest 67 Inches In the world. Some keynote of tho young Emperor's policy Is to be found In the proclamation (o the armv and navv. lanued nn th day his father died: "We belong to each other. I and the airy. Thus we are born for one an other, and thus we will stand together In an Indissoluble bond in peace or storm, as God may will It. You will now take to me the oath of fidelity and obedience, and I swear ever to remember that the eyes of my ancestors look down upon me from the other world, and that I shall one day have to render account to them of the lory and honor of the army." Oh, that heavy account which he is rendering nowl To his people some days later he ad dressed another proclamation and with these closing words :' "I have vowed to God that, after the example of my fathom, I will be n Just and clement prince to my people, that I will foster piety and the fear of God, and that I will protect the peace, promote the welfare of the country, be a helper of the poor and distressed, and a true guardian of the right" Debnt Startled the Nation. His debut as Emperor rather fright ened the German people. They were willing, eager to admire, but ths per emptory staccato of the voice In which he announced his royal right to rule and his unflllal attitude In tho recent family situation dlstrubed them. When Wllhelm began his reign the, Socialists were few but Irrepressible; the Centre or Catholic party was smaller; the Conservatives made the majority. On them Bismarck always counted. He literally fought the Social ists ami tho Catholics, though later ho made peace with them. Bismarck be- Ueved that he held the new Emperor In nis Hand, first because lie had served tho young man's turn and next the awe In which all men held him as the empire builder. But they got along poorly. Bismarck was too old to change. He hated and feared the people. Soon Emperor and Chancellor were at odds, William espoused the cause of the work- lngmen, endeavoring to alleviate their condition, secure their old age from want. Increase their wages. In this way lie hoped to combat socialism. Bis marck knew that It would not, but the Emperor was not to be denied. He wrote on one occasion: "I am resolved to lend my hand toward bettering the condition of Ger man worklngmen as far as my solicitude for their welfare Is reconcilable with the necessity of enabling German In dustry to retain Its power of competi tion In the world's market and thus se cure his own existence and those of Its laborers. The dwindling of our na tive Industries and such loss of their foreign markets would deprive the men of their bread." Bismarck was taking his means to Godowsky In Your Home IN your own home you may have a "Godowsky Evening" an even ing with Ornstein or you may have a varied program of the playing of such arti6ts'as Busoni, Hambourg. Carreno, Schnitzer and a hundred others. They will play for you as if they were present,your invited guests. The Ampico reproduces the playing of great pianists exactly. Touch, tone color, phrasing come to you with the delicacy, poetic magne tism and subtle refinement that distinguishes the playing of the great artist. It is the in strument for your home. t , .'oil arc cordially invited to hear lhe Ampico, Dailu Concert Recitals at Three P. M. Wateroomf RtlvBue. at SWltL alBM'jr-. deat with this spirit. He sent for Dr. Wlndthorst. the leader of the Catholic Centre. Tho Emperor discovered this and sent word to Bismarck that lie should confer with no party man with out the Emperor's knowledge. William pressed mm for information, uismarcii replied with dignity that he drew the roval line at his wife's' door. That set tled It. His resignation was curtly, not to say coarsely, demanded. Alter a vain humiliating appeal to the wiuowcu Empress Frederick to Interveno to save him (to her whom he had so bitterly opposed) ha wrote the resignation. Tills was March 2, 1890. Names Cnprlvl as Chancellor. Tha old man's sense of humiliation, the young man's temper, the old man's service and the young man's self-con fidence, from how many angles may mo nhllosouher view them In that hour of bitter downfall 1 Wllhelm had "dropped tho Pilot." Wllhelm appointed Gen. Caprivi, a hanl working soldier and an unsualiy wtsll balanced ofllolai. to tho Chancellor ship, and amid general handshakings be gan business for himself, Caprivi's most serious task was tho passing of com mercial treaties with foreign l'owers. One with Itussla aroused the Conserva tives and the wholo land owning class, who foresaw Russian farm produce com peting with their own. Every Junker who owned a rood of lana criea oui against them. The' contest took many shapes; Cnprlvl waa drawn Into contest over an anti-revolution bill, 'which failed to pass the Prussian Diet. Caprlvl re signed, and the aged, astute Prince Chlodwlz Hohenlohe. a Bavarian states man for some years in the Imperial ser vice, succeeded. He could not, nowevor, compose the difference between the Kaiser and the Reichstag. The Emperor by simply suspending action and going away to shoot gave all parties u cnance to cool and the crisis passed. It was in 1896 that the Kaiser. In a racial ranre at the attempted overthrow of the Dutch Boers, after the failure or the Jamtemn raid, sent a telegram to President Kruger consretulatlng him on the victory over tho raldera. In Berlin It was not at first thought an Indis cretion, but the English outcry aroused Germany. It was a dangerous moment. It was the first overt sign of the breaK In the two century long understanding between Germany and England. The Incident put In dangerous light, too, the Kaiser's resolve to rebuild the German navy, and the programme was so extensive that England thrilled with tho news. He Seises Klao-chovr. So wo find tho Kaiser busy now with the actualities of navy construction, army reform and colonial projects. The Kiel Canal had been opened In 1894, ami now the fortification of WUhelms huven, Helgoland and Kiel proceeded. The seizure, of Klao-chow In 1897 gave new Impetus to tho colonial Idea, The bill for the great new navy was passed In 189S. William was no longer at odds with his Reichstag. The Socialists were no longer Irreconcilable but opportunists, like other parties, and where one will dicker one may live. The acquisition of tho Carollno Islands and part of Samoa followed. The Kaiser, In tune with his naval projects, had taken up yachting. His yacht, tho Meteor, de signed by Watson and built In Scotland, won many races. He had a yacht built here, and In 1902 he sent over his naval brother. Prince Henry ; a visit middle aged New Yorkers will remember as a "halcyon and vociferous" sochU event, stirring our society people to great efforts. For the Kaiser's prolonged seagoing his great steam yacht Hohenzollern served, and as It was on these yachting trips that he most freely unbosomed himself his cruises were always regarded with Interest. In these )atter the Empress did not usually share. More likely when her lord went o-yachtlng did the Groat Lady repair to IJugen on the Bulttc with some of the jounf princes. Tho Empress accompanied the Em peror on. the visit to Constantinople, which now stands out so significantly In tho Balkan-Tutkey-Egypt phase of the great war. Then It was all salaams, reception by the Sultan, parades and visiting th-a Ylldlz Kiosk with quar ters tn tho Mlrassinl palace. Now it is of grim, bearded Generals from Ger many and defiles of troops with shotted Vic AMPICO tn Ae KNABB Uprights i$oo Grands $3506. m rifles and rumbllnc cannon In their wake. The great storm of to-day was gath ering as far back as 1905, when German pretensions were first put forward In Morocco and tho world outlook of Ger many took on a threatening Iron frown. H was small comfort merely to upect a Dolcasse when the aim had been to upset France and bring on a sudden war. The tearch for war was not tt bo In vain. Tho Troltsclikfs and Bern hardlB and their llko Inflamed by Nletsche and the Kaiser himself were trumpeting up nnd down the land anJ the portents were many. Where so much of menace brooded under tho pleasant surface of things as In tho first ten years of the century In Germany. It seems ni tn ramnmKar pleasantly somo of the lighter versatili ties ot tne Kaiser. In 1896 at a dinner riven In Ma l,nner by the Imperial Guard of Culrrasslcrs the Emperor suddenly took tho baton out of Kappclmelstcr Ruth's hands and Insisted on conducting tho brass band himself. He ordered the musicians to blow the Hohenfrledbergrr march. AH conceded, of courae.i that the perform ance was faultless, bravos nnd encores were showered upon the Kalscr-Kappel-melster by the guests. Before return ing the baton to Herr Ruth the young .sovereign delivered a little address on military music, 'and laid down certain ruloa, which he hoped would In future be conscientiously observed In Iho en tire army. A grand rehearsal of "Coppella" was held one day In 1904 at tho Royal Opera House, and the Emperor was present. The corps de ballet were engnged In a Slavic dance, and the Emperor did not llko tho tempo. His Majesty walked on the stage and showed the dancers and tho orchestra how the daEoo should bo rendered. Ills royal dignity was forgotten In his highly animated explanation of what he wanted. He -coached the ballet and the musi cians until he was satisfied with tne performance. He Writes a Play. He wrote a play called "Under the Helmet" with some prorecnlonal assist ance. He painted much in his youth but did not often go further In later years than pencil sketches and carica tures, but he had Ideas on art Sad to say, he loved only the smooth old fashioned style, with cI.ihsIc nr hitn-in subjects for choice. An allegorical pic ture ot tne rempio of Pence which he drew In 1896 shows tho open temple In the background, with a mailed flguie sword In hand having hurled out th demons who otherwise would ascend th steps. Musicians ure .playing within and a maiden Is proffering a pitcher to a presumably thirsty; traveller. 11 typifies the War Lord as law conquer ing anarchists nnd other enemies of so ciety, nnd allowing the world of har mony to wng on inside. It was mediocre and pretentious, which qualifies too much of his varied acquirements over which courtiers went craxy. A movement he started for clearness and simplicity In German official rtyle was much needed. Thus 'does he pos his Idea : "The Kaiser directs that the official style shall be clear and simple, he par ticularly desiring the omission o.' long winded sentences, with Involved subor dinate clauses. The practice of putting several participles and infinitives Into a sentence Is to be avoided as much on possible. The style of reports Is to bo grave and measured, free alike from slang and rhetorical bathos, t'nneces sary adverbs, far fetched expressions. Give to the United War Work Campaign and Give Twice as Much as You Ever Gave Before franklin Simon & Co. Fifth Avenue, 37th and 38th Streets foreign terms and platitudes are to be omitted." . That would do for many n bureau out side Germany, He had ordered In 1903 five statues of princes of the House of Orange for the lorrg balustrade in front of his Berlin residence. Five sculptors were' given Iho commissions, and In due time tho Kaiser ordered the models to be rnnircd In a vast apartment la the Schloss nnd ordered nil present for an" Inspection. Ho paid great attention to tho weapons and details of cobIu.tc. "I know better," he told one unfor tunate sculptor who ventured to have an Independent "opinion about trunk hose. I. ret lire Astounds Sculptors, nut It was when It came to armor that the Kaiser surpassed hln-sel?. He tent one pf his attendants to the Soilless library .for a work on armor which had been recently attracting his attention. Bock In hand, the Kaiser delivered a lecture on armor Which lasted exactly an hour and a half. There w.is no hes' tation. He began at the fourteenth cen tury and traced the growth and ilevolop' mcnt of armor, nnd then Ita final disap pearance in the early part ot tho eigh teenth century, lie skoke like an expert on hauberks and ctausses, on secondary defences, on lambeaus nnd bassinets and roundels. baaing his remarks on the evidence of the Bayeux tapestry, and In general evinced so complete a knowledge of the subject that the sculptors and courtiers were "flabbergasted." He finished his lecture, said "Adieu," and abruptly left the gathering with his book under his arm. It was .In 1904 that he sent n statue of Frederick the Great to Am erica to the embarrassment of President Roosevelt, whom he greatly admired as n fellow 4n all knowing and in energy. The Prussian ruler's relation to the United States was such a tenuous thing that It required official assurance to make It seem rcasonablo to ralss the effigy so far f.-om home, but there It was In Washington until President Wilson had It taken down and put In a cellar. William is said to have or- dercd the row of his ancestors which makes terrlblo tho alley in Unter den Llnttcn In order to give commissions to a group of German artists. In 190S, on February 27, the Kaiser opened with great ceremony nnd display the great Evangelical Lutheran Cathedral in Berlin to the itlory of God and the em pire a marking point In his ricognition of his Imperial "mission." In 1906 we see him In more genial gulee, celebrat ing with splendor his silver wedding. Ills Two Indiscretions. Then came his two "Indiscretions,' one the Intervltw published November, 190S, in the London Daily Telegraph, In which he poured out his resentment at 'what he calletl England's rejection of his overtures and proofs of friendship, how his championship of Br.ajland caused him unpopularity In Girmany, and add ing the amazing statement not only that he had refused to receive the Boer dele gates In Berlin but had actually caused the German staff to draw up a plan of campaign for tho English lro South Africa which was practically the plan used by Lord Roberto In wearing down tho Boers. It angered everybody, and brought upon him the reproof of the Reichstag. It Is known as tho "Novem ber storm." Th.i second "Indiscretion" was nipped omcwhere between bud arxl blossom. It was nn Interview given to Dr. Hale ft" An Unusual Sale Monday WOMEN'S HIGH CLASS COATS and WRAP-COATS Fur Trimmed Three New Models just from the tailors' hands and made of the highest quality fabrics. Values from 75.00 to 89.50 ILLUSTRATED, is a very stunning Fur Trimmed Wrap-Coat, showing the graceful lines of this new type of Coat; of duvetyn wool velour in new taupe, navy, brown, plum or black with high roll collar of taupe nutria or French Seal Fur. The Second Model CRYSTAL CORD CLOTH WRAP-COAT, one of the fashionable new fabrics for high class coats, newest color ings, smartly tailored to wear with separate furs; silk lined, warmly interlined. The Third Model SILVERTONE WOOL VELOUR' COAT; tailored dress coat with large yoke-stole collar of seal fur; fitted back with shirrings below lengthened waistline at sides; silk lined and warmly interlined. WOMEN'S COAT SHOP Fourth Floor. In the summer of the same year (190S) on his yacht. The worthy doctor sold It to the Century Magazine, but mians costly to the company were taken to suppress it at the behest of Berlin at the last moment. Its points, as outlined afterward, were that he was tlrvtl of the suspense in the European situation and In tho light of present events Bhowed that even then Germany's plan ot an aggressive war was complete. "I hold France In the hollow or my hand ! Russia I hold of no 'account since the Russo-Jap.iT.ese war." Here was the dual advance west nnd east clearly laid down with certainty of victory In each case! But England? There was the doubt. H complained bitterly of England, denounced her Jap anese alliance, believed America and Germany should combine ngarrat both. The two Interviews make clear his at tltudo six years later, when the chance camo to declare war: England was to be cajoled or entreated to keep out of It while he bled France white and stood off Russia ; then a seat upon the English Channel and an. alliance or n war with England. "If the Pan-European war mutt come I am ready. I am tired of tho susperis.V Other publications mark 1908 as the year when ho had fastened his mind on the Idea of crushing Britain nnd France and then having Russia and the United States at his mercy. Wo cannot always forecast truly, can we? Von nnelorv Lasts Nine Yuri, Von Buelow had become Chancellor on the retirement In 1900 of Prlnca on Hohenlohe, and ho lasted nine years, which cover the Algeclras episode, but he did not long outlast the reproof ho had to deliver to tho Kaiser In 1908 on account of his royal loquacity. Mean while the Crown s?rlnce had been mar ried and the Kaiser had become n grandfather at 47. He saw his daughter marry In 1913 and a month later cele brated the twenty-fifth anniversary of his accession. Von Bethmaiin.Hollweg, who followed as Chancellor, a man trained In smooth diplomacy, took up the reins In 1909 following the short Interval of Kldcrlen Waechter to find, as he no doubt ex pected, that more than ever the Kaiser was "his own Chancellor." He was not the man to stand In William s way. It was surely the Kaiser, not the Chancellor, who scnt the provocative gunboat to Agadlr. It Is Btrange but true that the financiers of Germany then told the Kaiser that he must not go to war; the rroney was not to be had. "Then get tho money and have It ready." he Is reported to have said. What folly It was for Winston Churchill to propose to a man In such mood as William a truce to warship building. It was of no use. Tne pre text was coming, and war was declared. It Is thenceforth we see the Kaiser aging by tho hour. Stories of Illness were often circulated and seldom 3e lleved. Of late the greater silence about his health lent weight to the story of the recurring ear trouble, the vagueness of thu terms "cellulitis recalling the days when his father suffered at San Remo. In 1897 there was much concern over his mental state. It was feared he was go ing Insane. He was extremely nervous, his face twitching. He suffered from a "bad throat" in 1903. When he recov ered he received a great popular ovation. In 1904 he "looked thin nnd worn," but again recovered. Wrlles Words of War Hymn. In January. 1916, reports that cancer had appeared were rife. Ills visit to Gorltz for treatment was concealed, but or Without Fur 52.00 we find him In February at tha Verdu front exho.-tlng In vain his troops to ad. vance. Soon thereafter he was at WIN helmahaven, and then writing words for a war hymn Richard Slrausa was to set to music. His travelling was managed with great care, scores of attendants and a small army of guards going with him. , . i ,, . i . . . . i 1 1 . i in ipru ne wh ueicecniHK mo ouci-uim to stay with him, meeting them at Pots dam and otherwise begging his people to stand firm. Ho was making slogans, "He shall nut pass; he mutt be beaten." There was. he said, to be no winter cam paign. All was to be won that yeatt For every eventuality he had a speech or an excuse that was bragadoclo. He was sending n "goodwill" mersage throng I Ambassador Gerard to the United States, his mask still on. It.wns In August. 1916. that he made Von Illndenburg Chief of the German General Staff, re placing tho less fortunate Erich von Falkenhayn. Great, to the Kaiser's nn- -noyance. was the Jubilation through Get-" many at the old soldier's advance, but more clearly over tho Kaiser's final elimination from the realities of high command. His uneasy flitting from point to point did not matter. The bat tle of the Somme brought that about, at any rate. He had visited the Sommn front. Inspected the armies on the Rus sian front, had congratulated the fleet In escaping in any shape ftom lhe North Sea fight. In his mouth It was a vic tory. He honored everybody possible . Htndenburg' for Rumania, Von Macken sen for Bucharest In November Francis Joseph died, and Wllhelm went about t Vienna deploring not deeply. In the following February he was at Vienna toasting tho new Austrian Kaiser. Approves Ilathleainesa on Sen. The year 1917 was to be fraught wllh greater moment still to his cause. Ad miral von Tlrpttz emerged from the shadow and started, with the Kaiser's hearty approval, the "ruthless" subma rine warfare. Desperate the measure seemed In Its defiance of all human law, but to Wllhelm all was fair to strike at England. He would cajole the United States. But could he? Mr. Gerard had a long tale to tell of palace and Foreign Office chicaneries then. And America had a mind of its own. At the beginning of Februarv we broke off diplomatic re lations with Germany. The news threw the Kaiser Into a purple rage. He blamed Von Bernstorff bitterly. In March the. United States declared war. The Kaiser pooh-poohed It. His states men, Generals, Admirals all belittled it. It Is worth while recalling the Germa? Foreign Minister's boast to Mr. Gerard that America dared not declare war; that thero were 600.000 German re servists in th'e United States who would "Thero are five hundred and one thousand lampposts." said Mr. Gerard. Indeed for a time the Armenian ques tion was lost Bight of in face of the April news from Russia, where, almost In a night, the Czar and his Government were overthrown by the Russian proletariat with such a following of chaotic condi tions that from one fluctuation to an other, amid the revolt of the army, the changes of Governmento, now one batch, now another ruling, Kerensky, who was the most promising leader, falling before the bolder and more radical Bolshevlkl, that a totally unexpected line of victory In Russia opened before Germany. There was, of course, a danger that the Ger man people would follow the Rufs'aa , lead and revolt. In June King Constan tino of Greece abdicated, and the Kal.ser. to whom his treachery to the Allies had Continued on Kirrririh Page. A I ii i. r 3?T