THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1918.
EMPEROR'S HIGHEST CONCEPTION OF KINGSHIP THAT OF SUPREME SOLDIER
snother anil moro perilous step, it
trousht the Kals olostSr" to war;
Trance yielded and the crisis passed,
but tho sting: was there j hussla, which
jllsmarck hail always favored nnd
nursed as a friend, had been alienated
by William's policy. After the defeat
of rtussla by Japan William proceeded
to doclare tho trreat eastern empire of
the Cur neifllgble. Turtcty" was ap
protched. Kaiser And Kalserln mailo n'
journey to Constantinople; and the
league of northern brutality wjth Turk
Irh detcstablcnera came about. The lines
v.rrc drawing tighter and It was only &
question of time when 'the hour would
The Kaiser made Journeys to Eng
land, and appeared ' to enjoy them.
Curiously, his early turn for KnulUli life
revived. lie was now a yachtsman and
appeared to believe In the English turn
for "sport," but the dockyards were
busy, the preparations went on, and
Herman officers began drinking toasts
to "The Day" : namely, that on which
they should meet the English, just as
tho English cupporfers of the exiled
Stuarts used to hold their glasses over
n water bowl when they drank a toast
to 'The Kin" to "the King over the
water." William before this had ad-
oca ted a closer use of the German
linguago In old tfrma and new. thus In
tensifying Germanism. Nothing seemed
left undono to whip the emplro to
white heat. Ills "November storm In
1908 an Indiscreet Interview published
In England aroused bitter feeling there,
at homo and elsewhere abroad. lie loved
peace, he loved the English, but they
did not love him. He even suffered In
Germany, he. said, for his championship
of England. Then tor a couple of years,
under a rebuko from the Itetchstag, he
held his peace, but redoubled his ef
forts to make Qennahy ready, A con
Motion Is forced on one that Gorman
eelf.contlden.ee, howevor well founded
and which was racial as welt as Im
perial, brought back to the Kaiser the
nliltn thought, tho old temptation, that
the tlmo to round out his career with a
Irilllant war was at hand. Never of
a certainty was the General Staff at
Herlln so worked. To the most meticu
lous detail possible campaigns were
worked over and distant preparations
made, whose range and fextent were un
known at home, and unimaglned by the
outside world at the time. The Kaiser's
Identification of himself as the Regent
of God became moro pronounced. At last
the occasion came. One need not here
review at length very recent history In
which the matters In dispute covered lit
eral acres of state papers. The heir to
the Austrian throne and his wife were
sent to death In the public street at
Semjevo, In Bosnia by a youth on June
21, 1914. The genesis of the deed was
sild to have been traced to Serbia.
Seven days later "the fatal July 6"
at a meeting held in Berlin, the
Kaiser present, tho demands that
Austria should make on Serbia were
drawn up terms which no nation
could brook entire. Francis Joseph
Vbeyed the order from Berlin. Germany
after July 5 began making preparations
for wax. Events followed their course.
Serbia agreed to all the terms but one.
That no nation could endure and live.
Wtlhelm had ostentatiously gone yacht
ing after July C. He returned practi
cally to declare war. Austria cried.
"All, all!" Itussla said it could not
look unmoved on this crushing of
Serbia, so Kaiser Wllhelm declared war
on Russia and Invaded .Belgium on
his way to France. Then came England
Into the war "in defence of Belgium."
Germany calling her treaty with Bel
gium, In the spirit of Nietzsche and
.Yteltschke and Bernhardl, a scrap of
St r a sales Over War Decision.
In his own words the casting of the
dice of war cost"hIm'itt?f1b!e'nnen1al
struggle when at last opportunity lay
under his hand with the pen on the
table and his Minister assuring him
that all would be well. He probably
doubted his luck, but he signed.
A dash, a greater dash and one
till greater. The" mafned German for
mation in face of modern missiles ap
pealed to him. He would breakthrough ;
he would not go around. No doubt the
plans of the first advance on France
Ind his approval; they were wholly In
lila spirit. The Ineffectiveness of "the
Crown Prince in his attempt to break the
Ituealan lines In the East after the
breakdown of the first offensive against
Franco came from the same wild rc
folve to crush through at all cost, which
waa the Kaiser's militant crenl up to
that time, and easily, therefore, the
creed' of the boy. Shortly thereafter
there were signs that the ruling of
the great campaigns,- even their origin,
had been taken away from him, leaving
him a really subordinate share In, the
shaping of the great fighting event
The marvel Is that ho held out ugalnst
It eo long. Such' gruelling as he put
upon himself, ind fate forced on htm,
no matter what physical precaution
is taken, Is .bound to find the
i . 4n mnn'a montnl nil Tlhvs-
v, rn v biio w -
ical makeup. The haggard man going
from point to point vnu iron. io wuuv,
Kddressln? words of cheer and confi
dence. Incitements to sacrifice to his men
i - - t, wna nn Innror nllowed
tn direct, with tho casualties in the
millions, the sea closed to him, the food
short Is far from the picture of the
debonair Kaiser uiai- iiaa imcrc.icu
The I.lte of Emperor "William II.
The union of Prinoe Frederick William
of Prussia with the Princess Victoria,
eldest daughter of Queen Vlotorla of
England (ho 27 and she 1! years old)
on January 25, 18S8, vras blessed with
n son, born tn Berlin on February 27,
'589. Awaited with anxiety because of
iie fact that If a boy the child would be
eir presumptive to the throne of
T'russla, following his father the actual
heir, all royal Europe made Inquiry,
Queen Victoria telegraphed. "Is it a fine
boN " History does not tell us the an
swer, but doubtless It was.an afTlrma.'tlve
to the doting grandmother: court eti
quette would concede nothing less. They
named him Frederick William Victor
Albert, happily repeating the names of
lus father and grandfather on the male
"do and of his two grandparents on the
distaff side. To the court the baby was
Sad to say, he was. not a fine baby boy.
Ills young mother, not yet 19 but
physically well set up as tnoflt of hor
'amlly. had passed a nervous, worried
prennanoy. At any rate tho baby boy
was hardly rescued from Inanition, and
three daya after It was observed that he
'h'l not moe hU left arm. The first Idea
was that thero had been bad practice by
h nervous, inexperienced doctor suddenly
i allol, but It seems to have been esta
1 shd that no doctor, midwife or nurse
was to tilamt; that the deformity waa
ngenltal; that it not merely affected
left arm but Ithe wbolo left side,
living a talc of weakness In the left leg
t"l a condition of the left ear that
a'wO alarms from tlmo to tlmo amoirif
'nc doctor and caused the patient pro
Tho boy's constitution was, how
' r, excellent. Ills frame expanded,
extra forco went with the normal
' slit side of him, and ho grew to
'axe part In childish gamos with more
"Hii usual vigor. He was a lively, In
1'ilKltlve child with energy o'nough to
out Ills nurhns. The. left onn con
' "ucd to grow ut gained little or no
Mi, it finally ceased crowing- when
rec Indies short. of the right arm's
' ugtli, but it ' never UevolopM normal
urrle u nd the lhand remained jilloously
"iall Hero was n handicap for a
tu'oud, liauzht'y boy destined to follow a
I!?uAp?,,0 " hlB thor appeared then,
a. vie rujm uoiienzoiierns.
n i tv, . scnt t0 lhe university
,.. ' among mo students for
, muting- uir omer "men
lie found himself more at home. He put
imea to amer with people,
ami ,h.H rt".wJu ." beer Jug humor
7.tln.!r of hl" c,aM- san he was
..w.vU a rausiactory. At 20 he rc
Jinftf. i0,.B "'!" ,aklnB "f ''! "ldlerty
i.llh J",h' now in he Hussars.
m.I r'"ng novels iiimI enjoy.
or5lmf2lf' a.1d mallng a few friends
among them lhe Waldcrsees.
o.TSf sosl'as to William's light lovts
at inls terlod m mitnt oti.i.i ...... .
.j ...... ....n(lfc uata UCCII
cxpectJd. He was kept, too busy to
ttH. i , "" vea; no would
needs bn n faint In ... . i
...... ccibjio mo lines
"'e.' ana at. An
thony never lived In Berlin. What Is
ery certain Is that on a Journey
7, V lnr??S0 hatte.l ov-ernlgh(
at Bchloss Trlnkenau. the romanllc
allj placed castle of the Duke of
.U.'i ,enbur , of Schleswlg-Holsteln.
and the next day, according to a court
ieirend. rnnn titw.n t. . . . . . i .
. " . i -Hi. .i uiv in a. garucn
bower who. wonderful to relate, was the
. nouso- tne I'rincess Au-
SUSte Vlntnrln KnA . t ,
-i.j .u i ou tncjr wrro mar-
II th ro""lng February 27 before
-------- mui iiiid lump ana cir
Crovrn Prince, Darn May O, 1882,
Tho Crown Trlni. n f -
whose warlike predilection and dubious
.mwco. u an army commander on
tho west front in franco we have heard
much since the-Var began, waa born
M&v R 1IC1 rm.... j . .
r. . A: . imiiicu nim porten
tously Frederick William Victor Au-
B"3ie imcai or llohenxollorn. Joy was
all over tho Imperial family once more.
Etnnernr William ann rt.... t.
... iit-n , it.iuria
became thereby grcat-grandparcnts. Sons
uMuncti in regular ciocRwork succes
sion Eltcl-FrledrlchrXualbcrt. Augusts
vllneim, Oscar, Joachim. One daugh
ter, the Princess Victoria Louisa, born
1892, completes tho family of seven.
Long before th period of family ad
ditions had come to a close the young
pair had to cross the courtyards and take
on the Imperial crown. The relations of
the whole family were amiable enough
until 1887, when the aged Emperor Will
iam began to fall and the fatal Illness
ot me tnroat ocgan to develop In the
Crown Trlnce Frederick. Bismarck again
was in the thick of 'it tta niiniu
dreaded, for his own sake perhaps, for
mo saxe ot tne atale, he said, the com-
lnir of FrnriArtrlr tn th. It,rn. T r
erlck should die before the falling Em
peror all would bo well. If not? He
put nis trust in tne story or cancer which
the doctors told under their breaths. To
rinHtlA waa trt a. wttn nUmnH.1. ah.Y t, a
actually brought the matter plumply be-
lore r reoerioK. wouiu lie consent not
O r -! tn If nl malut. n.ni.n . , . r
an Incurable kind? TlrnnM mlnrfp.i Frrt.
erick would and did in writliw. Con-
sternaition on his wife's part followed.
schemer: should they submit without a
struggle? Then bo ran that pray, hid
eous Juggling with disease and death
wnicn covered mo summoning or n
Scotch doctor, Mackenzie, who managed
to assert that tho patient's malady was
oenign ana tnen aime tne journey to
Italy, all Europe as w$U as those In
the cast of tl tragedy watching.
waltln&r and wondering whAtlipr dpAth
tn T?Alln WM V. . n...
... J . I i.i. ti u lu nan . . . i; into u I II
death under Italian sklefl at San Homo.
wen, me oia ti-nperor oiea on Jistrcn 3,
IttB lTnavfA-lnl.' o n .t , li r, .w nmn.M
arrived March 11 in Berlin and for
ninety oays ency reignea in a Knasiiy
mockery of state, when Frederick, too.
Snrronndril Pnlare With Troops.
William II. at 23 was on the throne.
June 5. 1SS8.
William had been III the opposite camp
to his mother during the ninety days
reign. She, in her grief, her worry, her at
tempt to gather up the loose ends of her
lifo as a Princess and now an Empress,
could scarcely fall to denounce his atti
tude as unnatural. No sooner, however.
had the breath left the body of his
father than at Williams order tne
palace was surrounded by his troops.
He had been Major-General for two
years ; now he commindcd tho whole
army. No one was to pass In or out.
f.nn mumi u n n ,
With A (VMinla rt l.n.l.,1 tnlln..-. U. an.
1- n . ii u.ivu luiiwntia 1 1 c VII
tera1 ttla mr.t1.-n. - . ,. 1
... "iuiiiii a njif.i iiuoiiin hiiu 1 it 1 1
sacked, them for certain papcrsi inniong
1T1 w ,ong Kept oy nis tatner,
"o teareo would renect upon him
If TlUhllallMl n- te It 4.11 Inln ...........
-- - - w. . i . ..ii iti.t tiiii7t;i uu-
lous hands. . He told Bismarck In
...uiuiMi wiiai no nau aone. iiismarcK
"DlSmlfM th t-nnna nt n-nn" l.n ..M
"this would be ruinous: you cannot
inntuuiiij- imprison your mother."
Tlie joung man's anger had cooled; he
dismissed the soldiers, and again .all
" "". -ic gaiceti ills point loo. At
Bismarck's suggestion he cut off his
mother's income, and ens surrendered
His father was accorded a simple
military funeral, and ho began to reign
with the greatest gusto, and every day
thAranftl.- Ihn mn-n t. . Mlnn.n tn. V. -1
ter he liked It. He falrly'revelled In tho
He smoked, drank beer or a little wine,
ho InVftfl In rrn litinftna. In Tlt.aata nn -nf.
much, walked much and on most occa
sions ne ciiKca mucii. a very fluent, con
sequential talker, a remorseless question-
ci. -ic tutcu to cnange nm ciotnes or
rather his uniforms; he had no liking
for civilian clothes. Ho was vain In a
larffe Wav. Ha fnlrlv Invrrl tn l.a nhnln.
Only a Feet 7 Inches Tall.
A curious matter Is that no two writ
ers seem to agree on his height. He
is not more than S feel 7 Inches the
tallest 67 Inches In the world.
Some keynote of tho young Emperor's
policy Is to be found In the proclamation
(o the armv and navv. lanued nn th
day his father died:
"We belong to each other. I and the
airy. Thus we are born for one an
other, and thus we will stand together
In an Indissoluble bond in peace or
storm, as God may will It. You will
now take to me the oath of fidelity and
obedience, and I swear ever to remember
that the eyes of my ancestors look down
upon me from the other world, and that
I shall one day have to render account
to them of the lory and honor of the
Oh, that heavy account which he is
To his people some days later he ad
dressed another proclamation and with
these closing words :'
"I have vowed to God that, after the
example of my fathom, I will be n Just
and clement prince to my people, that I
will foster piety and the fear of God, and
that I will protect the peace, promote
the welfare of the country, be a helper
of the poor and distressed, and a true
guardian of the right"
Debnt Startled the Nation.
His debut as Emperor rather fright
ened the German people. They were
willing, eager to admire, but ths per
emptory staccato of the voice In which
he announced his royal right to rule and
his unflllal attitude In tho recent family
situation dlstrubed them.
When Wllhelm began his reign the,
Socialists were few but Irrepressible;
the Centre or Catholic party was
smaller; the Conservatives made the
majority. On them Bismarck always
counted. He literally fought the Social
ists ami tho Catholics, though later ho
made peace with them. Bismarck be-
Ueved that he held the new Emperor In
nis Hand, first because lie had served
tho young man's turn and next the awe
In which all men held him as the empire
builder. But they got along poorly.
Bismarck was too old to change. He
hated and feared the people. Soon
Emperor and Chancellor were at odds,
William espoused the cause of the work-
lngmen, endeavoring to alleviate their
condition, secure their old age from
want. Increase their wages. In this way
lie hoped to combat socialism. Bis
marck knew that It would not, but the
Emperor was not to be denied. He wrote
on one occasion:
"I am resolved to lend my hand
toward bettering the condition of Ger
man worklngmen as far as my solicitude
for their welfare Is reconcilable with
the necessity of enabling German In
dustry to retain Its power of competi
tion In the world's market and thus se
cure his own existence and those of
Its laborers. The dwindling of our na
tive Industries and such loss of their
foreign markets would deprive the men
of their bread."
Bismarck was taking his means to
IN your own home you may have a
"Godowsky Evening" an even
ing with Ornstein or you may
have a varied program of the playing
of such arti6ts'as Busoni, Hambourg.
Carreno, Schnitzer and a hundred
others. They will play for you as if
they were present,your invited guests.
The Ampico reproduces the playing of great
pianists exactly. Touch, tone color, phrasing
come to you with the delicacy, poetic magne
tism and subtle refinement that distinguishes
the playing of the great artist. It is the in
strument for your home. t ,
.'oil arc cordially invited to hear lhe Ampico,
Dailu Concert Recitals at Three P. M.
Wateroomf RtlvBue. at SWltL
deat with this spirit. He sent for Dr.
Wlndthorst. the leader of the Catholic
Centre. Tho Emperor discovered this
and sent word to Bismarck that lie
should confer with no party man with
out the Emperor's knowledge. William
pressed mm for information, uismarcii
replied with dignity that he drew the
roval line at his wife's' door. That set
tled It. His resignation was curtly, not
to say coarsely, demanded. Alter a
vain humiliating appeal to the wiuowcu
Empress Frederick to Interveno to save
him (to her whom he had so bitterly
opposed) ha wrote the resignation. Tills
was March 2, 1890.
Names Cnprlvl as Chancellor.
Tha old man's sense of humiliation,
the young man's temper, the old man's
service and the young man's self-con
fidence, from how many angles may mo
nhllosouher view them In that hour of
bitter downfall 1 Wllhelm had "dropped
Wllhelm appointed Gen. Caprivi, a
hanl working soldier and an unsualiy
wtsll balanced ofllolai. to tho Chancellor
ship, and amid general handshakings be
gan business for himself, Caprivi's most
serious task was tho passing of com
mercial treaties with foreign l'owers.
One with Itussla aroused the Conserva
tives and the wholo land owning class,
who foresaw Russian farm produce com
peting with their own. Every Junker
who owned a rood of lana criea oui
against them. The' contest took many
shapes; Cnprlvl waa drawn Into contest
over an anti-revolution bill, 'which failed
to pass the Prussian Diet. Caprlvl re
signed, and the aged, astute Prince
Chlodwlz Hohenlohe. a Bavarian states
man for some years in the Imperial ser
vice, succeeded. He could not, nowevor,
compose the difference between the
Kaiser and the Reichstag. The Emperor
by simply suspending action and going
away to shoot gave all parties u cnance
to cool and the crisis passed.
It was in 1896 that the Kaiser. In a
racial ranre at the attempted overthrow
of the Dutch Boers, after the failure or
the Jamtemn raid, sent a telegram to
President Kruger consretulatlng him on
the victory over tho raldera. In Berlin
It was not at first thought an Indis
cretion, but the English outcry aroused
Germany. It was a dangerous moment.
It was the first overt sign of the breaK
In the two century long understanding
between Germany and England.
The Incident put In dangerous light,
too, the Kaiser's resolve to rebuild the
German navy, and the programme was
so extensive that England thrilled with
He Seises Klao-chovr.
So wo find tho Kaiser busy now with
the actualities of navy construction,
army reform and colonial projects. The
Kiel Canal had been opened In 1894,
ami now the fortification of WUhelms
huven, Helgoland and Kiel proceeded.
The seizure, of Klao-chow In 1897 gave
new Impetus to tho colonial Idea, The
bill for the great new navy was passed
In 189S. William was no longer at odds
with his Reichstag. The Socialists were
no longer Irreconcilable but opportunists,
like other parties, and where one will
dicker one may live. The acquisition
of tho Carollno Islands and part of
Samoa followed. The Kaiser, In tune
with his naval projects, had taken up
yachting. His yacht, tho Meteor, de
signed by Watson and built In Scotland,
won many races. He had a yacht built
here, and In 1902 he sent over his naval
brother. Prince Henry ; a visit middle
aged New Yorkers will remember as a
"halcyon and vociferous" sochU event,
stirring our society people to great efforts.
For the Kaiser's prolonged seagoing his
great steam yacht Hohenzollern served,
and as It was on these yachting trips
that he most freely unbosomed himself
his cruises were always regarded with
Interest. In these )atter the Empress
did not usually share. More likely when
her lord went o-yachtlng did the Groat
Lady repair to IJugen on the Bulttc with
some of the jounf princes.
Tho Empress accompanied the Em
peror on. the visit to Constantinople,
which now stands out so significantly In
tho Balkan-Tutkey-Egypt phase of the
great war. Then It was all salaams,
reception by the Sultan, parades and
visiting th-a Ylldlz Kiosk with quar
ters tn tho Mlrassinl palace. Now it
is of grim, bearded Generals from Ger
many and defiles of troops with shotted
Vic AMPICO tn Ae KNABB
Uprights i$oo Grands $3506.
rifles and rumbllnc cannon In their
The great storm of to-day was gath
ering as far back as 1905, when German
pretensions were first put forward In
Morocco and tho world outlook of Ger
many took on a threatening Iron frown.
H was small comfort merely to upect
a Dolcasse when the aim had been to
upset France and bring on a sudden
war. The tearch for war was not tt
bo In vain. Tho Troltsclikfs and Bern
hardlB and their llko Inflamed by
Nletsche and the Kaiser himself were
trumpeting up nnd down the land anJ
the portents were many.
Where so much of menace brooded
under tho pleasant surface of things
as In tho first ten years of the century
In Germany. It seems ni tn ramnmKar
pleasantly somo of the lighter versatili
ties ot tne Kaiser.
In 1896 at a dinner riven In Ma l,nner
by the Imperial Guard of Culrrasslcrs
the Emperor suddenly took tho baton
out of Kappclmelstcr Ruth's hands and
Insisted on conducting tho brass band
himself. He ordered the musicians to
blow the Hohenfrledbergrr march. AH
conceded, of courae.i that the perform
ance was faultless, bravos nnd encores
were showered upon the Kalscr-Kappel-melster
by the guests. Before return
ing the baton to Herr Ruth the young
.sovereign delivered a little address on
military music, 'and laid down certain
ruloa, which he hoped would In future
be conscientiously observed In Iho en
A grand rehearsal of "Coppella" was
held one day In 1904 at tho Royal Opera
House, and the Emperor was present.
The corps de ballet were engnged In a
Slavic dance, and the Emperor did not
llko tho tempo.
His Majesty walked on the stage and
showed the dancers and tho orchestra
how the daEoo should bo rendered. Ills
royal dignity was forgotten In his highly
animated explanation of what he wanted.
He -coached the ballet and the musi
cians until he was satisfied with tne
He Writes a Play.
He wrote a play called "Under the
Helmet" with some prorecnlonal assist
ance. He painted much in his youth
but did not often go further In later
years than pencil sketches and carica
tures, but he had Ideas on art Sad
to say, he loved only the smooth old
fashioned style, with cI.ihsIc nr hitn-in
subjects for choice. An allegorical pic
ture ot tne rempio of Pence which he
drew In 1896 shows tho open temple
In the background, with a mailed flguie
sword In hand having hurled out th
demons who otherwise would ascend
th steps. Musicians ure .playing within
and a maiden Is proffering a pitcher
to a presumably thirsty; traveller. 11
typifies the War Lord as law conquer
ing anarchists nnd other enemies of so
ciety, nnd allowing the world of har
mony to wng on inside. It was mediocre
and pretentious, which qualifies too much
of his varied acquirements over which
courtiers went craxy. A movement he
started for clearness and simplicity In
German official rtyle was much needed.
Thus 'does he pos his Idea :
"The Kaiser directs that the official
style shall be clear and simple, he par
ticularly desiring the omission o.' long
winded sentences, with Involved subor
dinate clauses. The practice of putting
several participles and infinitives Into a
sentence Is to be avoided as much on
possible. The style of reports Is to bo
grave and measured, free alike from
slang and rhetorical bathos, t'nneces
sary adverbs, far fetched expressions.
Give to the United War Work Campaign and
Give Twice as Much as You Ever Gave Before
franklin Simon & Co.
Fifth Avenue, 37th and 38th Streets
foreign terms and platitudes are to be
That would do for many n bureau out
side Germany, He had ordered In 1903
five statues of princes of the House of
Orange for the lorrg balustrade in front
of his Berlin residence. Five sculptors
were' given Iho commissions, and In due
time tho Kaiser ordered the models to
be rnnircd In a vast apartment la the
Schloss nnd ordered nil present for an"
Inspection. Ho paid great attention to
tho weapons and details of cobIu.tc.
"I know better," he told one unfor
tunate sculptor who ventured to have
an Independent "opinion about trunk
I. ret lire Astounds Sculptors,
nut It was when It came to armor
that the Kaiser surpassed hln-sel?. He
tent one pf his attendants to the Soilless
library .for a work on armor which had
been recently attracting his attention.
Bock In hand, the Kaiser delivered a
lecture on armor Which lasted exactly
an hour and a half. There w.is no hes'
tation. He began at the fourteenth cen
tury and traced the growth and ilevolop'
mcnt of armor, nnd then Ita final disap
pearance in the early part ot tho eigh
lie skoke like an expert on hauberks
and ctausses, on secondary defences, on
lambeaus nnd bassinets and roundels.
baaing his remarks on the evidence of
the Bayeux tapestry, and In general
evinced so complete a knowledge of the
subject that the sculptors and courtiers
were "flabbergasted." He finished his
lecture, said "Adieu," and abruptly left
the gathering with his book under his
It was .In 1904 that he sent n
statue of Frederick the Great to Am
erica to the embarrassment of President
Roosevelt, whom he greatly admired as
n fellow 4n all knowing and in energy.
The Prussian ruler's relation to the
United States was such a tenuous thing
that It required official assurance to make
It seem rcasonablo to ralss the effigy
so far f.-om home, but there It was In
Washington until President Wilson
had It taken down and put In a
cellar. William is said to have or-
dercd the row of his ancestors which
makes terrlblo tho alley in Unter den
Llnttcn In order to give commissions to
a group of German artists. In 190S, on
February 27, the Kaiser opened with
great ceremony nnd display the great
Evangelical Lutheran Cathedral in
Berlin to the itlory of God and the em
pire a marking point In his ricognition
of his Imperial "mission." In 1906 we
see him In more genial gulee, celebrat
ing with splendor his silver wedding.
Ills Two Indiscretions.
Then came his two "Indiscretions,'
one the Intervltw published November,
190S, in the London Daily Telegraph, In
which he poured out his resentment at
'what he calletl England's rejection of his
overtures and proofs of friendship, how
his championship of Br.ajland caused
him unpopularity In Girmany, and add
ing the amazing statement not only that
he had refused to receive the Boer dele
gates In Berlin but had actually caused
the German staff to draw up a plan of
campaign for tho English lro South
Africa which was practically the plan
used by Lord Roberto In wearing down
tho Boers. It angered everybody, and
brought upon him the reproof of the
Reichstag. It Is known as tho "Novem
Th.i second "Indiscretion" was nipped
omcwhere between bud arxl blossom.
It was nn Interview given to Dr. Hale
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In the summer of the same year (190S)
on his yacht. The worthy doctor sold It
to the Century Magazine, but mians
costly to the company were taken to
suppress it at the behest of Berlin at the
last moment. Its points, as outlined
afterward, were that he was tlrvtl of
the suspense in the European situation
and In tho light of present events Bhowed
that even then Germany's plan ot an
aggressive war was complete.
"I hold France In the hollow or my
hand ! Russia I hold of no 'account since
the Russo-Jap.iT.ese war."
Here was the dual advance west nnd
east clearly laid down with certainty
of victory In each case! But England?
There was the doubt. H complained
bitterly of England, denounced her Jap
anese alliance, believed America and
Germany should combine ngarrat both.
The two Interviews make clear his at
tltudo six years later, when the chance
camo to declare war: England was to
be cajoled or entreated to keep out of It
while he bled France white and stood
off Russia ; then a seat upon the English
Channel and an. alliance or n war with
"If the Pan-European war mutt come
I am ready. I am tired of tho susperis.V
Other publications mark 1908 as the
year when ho had fastened his mind on
the Idea of crushing Britain nnd France
and then having Russia and the United
States at his mercy.
Wo cannot always forecast truly, can
Von nnelorv Lasts Nine Yuri,
Von Buelow had become Chancellor on
the retirement In 1900 of Prlnca on
Hohenlohe, and ho lasted nine years,
which cover the Algeclras episode, but
he did not long outlast the reproof ho
had to deliver to tho Kaiser In 1908
on account of his royal loquacity. Mean
while the Crown s?rlnce had been mar
ried and the Kaiser had become n
grandfather at 47. He saw his daughter
marry In 1913 and a month later cele
brated the twenty-fifth anniversary of
Von Bethmaiin.Hollweg, who followed
as Chancellor, a man trained In smooth
diplomacy, took up the reins In 1909
following the short Interval of Kldcrlen
Waechter to find, as he no doubt ex
pected, that more than ever the Kaiser
was "his own Chancellor." He was not the
man to stand In William s way. It was
surely the Kaiser, not the Chancellor, who
scnt the provocative gunboat to Agadlr.
It Is Btrange but true that the financiers
of Germany then told the Kaiser that he
must not go to war; the rroney was not
to be had. "Then get tho money and
have It ready." he Is reported to have
said. What folly It was for Winston
Churchill to propose to a man In such
mood as William a truce to warship
building. It was of no use. Tne pre
text was coming, and war was declared.
It Is thenceforth we see the Kaiser
aging by tho hour. Stories of Illness
were often circulated and seldom 3e
lleved. Of late the greater silence about
his health lent weight to the story of the
recurring ear trouble, the vagueness of
thu terms "cellulitis recalling the days
when his father suffered at San Remo.
In 1897 there was much concern over his
mental state. It was feared he was go
ing Insane. He was extremely nervous,
his face twitching. He suffered from a
"bad throat" in 1903. When he recov
ered he received a great popular ovation.
In 1904 he "looked thin nnd worn," but
Wrlles Words of War Hymn.
In January. 1916, reports that cancer
had appeared were rife. Ills visit to
Gorltz for treatment was concealed, but
or Without Fur
we find him In February at tha Verdu
front exho.-tlng In vain his troops to ad.
vance. Soon thereafter he was at WIN
helmahaven, and then writing words for
a war hymn Richard Slrausa was to set
to music. His travelling was managed
with great care, scores of attendants and
a small army of guards going with him. ,
. i ,, . i . . . . i 1 1 . i
in ipru ne wh ueicecniHK mo ouci-uim
to stay with him, meeting them at Pots
dam and otherwise begging his people
to stand firm. Ho was making slogans,
"He shall nut pass; he mutt be beaten."
There was. he said, to be no winter cam
paign. All was to be won that yeatt
For every eventuality he had a speech or
an excuse that was bragadoclo. He was
sending n "goodwill" mersage throng I
Ambassador Gerard to the United States,
his mask still on. It.wns In August.
1916. that he made Von Illndenburg
Chief of the German General Staff, re
placing tho less fortunate Erich von
Falkenhayn. Great, to the Kaiser's nn- -noyance.
was the Jubilation through Get-"
many at the old soldier's advance, but
more clearly over tho Kaiser's final
elimination from the realities of high
command. His uneasy flitting from
point to point did not matter. The bat
tle of the Somme brought that about, at
any rate. He had visited the Sommn
front. Inspected the armies on the Rus
sian front, had congratulated the fleet
In escaping in any shape ftom lhe North
Sea fight. In his mouth It was a vic
tory. He honored everybody possible .
Htndenburg' for Rumania, Von Macken
sen for Bucharest In November Francis
Joseph died, and Wllhelm went about t
Vienna deploring not deeply. In the
following February he was at Vienna
toasting tho new Austrian Kaiser.
Approves Ilathleainesa on Sen.
The year 1917 was to be fraught wllh
greater moment still to his cause. Ad
miral von Tlrpttz emerged from the
shadow and started, with the Kaiser's
hearty approval, the "ruthless" subma
rine warfare. Desperate the measure
seemed In Its defiance of all human law,
but to Wllhelm all was fair to strike at
England. He would cajole the United
States. But could he? Mr. Gerard had
a long tale to tell of palace and Foreign
Office chicaneries then. And America
had a mind of its own. At the beginning
of Februarv we broke off diplomatic re
lations with Germany. The news threw
the Kaiser Into a purple rage. He
blamed Von Bernstorff bitterly. In
March the. United States declared war.
The Kaiser pooh-poohed It. His states
men, Generals, Admirals all belittled it.
It Is worth while recalling the Germa?
Foreign Minister's boast to Mr. Gerard
that America dared not declare war;
that thero were 600.000 German re
servists in th'e United States who
"Thero are five hundred and one
thousand lampposts." said Mr. Gerard.
Indeed for a time the Armenian ques
tion was lost Bight of in face of the April
news from Russia, where, almost In a
night, the Czar and his Government were
overthrown by the Russian proletariat
with such a following of chaotic condi
tions that from one fluctuation to an
other, amid the revolt of the army, the
changes of Governmento, now one batch,
now another ruling, Kerensky, who was
the most promising leader, falling before
the bolder and more radical Bolshevlkl,
that a totally unexpected line of victory
In Russia opened before Germany. There
was, of course, a danger that the Ger
man people would follow the Rufs'aa ,
lead and revolt. In June King Constan
tino of Greece abdicated, and the Kal.ser.
to whom his treachery to the Allies had
Continued on Kirrririh Page.
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