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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, January 18, 1919, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST.
Rain to-day; to-morrow partly cloudy
with lower temperature.
Highest temperature yesterday, 45; lowest, 35.
Detailed weather reports on editorial pace.
tin.
IT SHINES FOPv ALL
VOL. LXXXVI. NO. 140.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1919. Copyright, 1919, by tho Bun Printing and Publishing AMocloflcm.
PRICE TWO CEJNTS.
DRYS SEEK LAW
TO SEIZE LIQUOR
FOUND IN HOMES
25 rrohibition prganiza-j
tions Plan to Destroy All
Vestiges of Whiskey.
PENALTIES TO TIE SEVERE
Drastic Rules Sought to Regu
late Use of Alcohol for
Non-Roverago Purposes.
Chicago, Jan. 17. The twenty-five
prohibition and Anti-Saloon League
organizations have agreed on a "bonis
dry" Federal act to bo presented to
Congress, according to a bulletin la-
sued to-day from National Anti-Saloon J
League, neauquarters. lentauveiy u
Includes the following provisions:
Appointment of Federal commlsr
sloncrs to enforco the act, with power
to prescribe rules and regulations for
the manufacture and distribution of
wine for sacramental purposes and al
cohol for non-prohlblted purposes.
Fixing of adequate penalties for vio
lation of the act.
The importation, exportation and
possession of Intoxicating liquors for
beverage purposes to be prohibited.
All Intoxicating liquors Illegally pos
sessed and all implements used In their
Illegal manufacture to be contraband.
An adequate search and seizure pro
Vision. The sale of alcoholic patent or pro-
prletary mediums capable of being (
used as beverage to bo surrounded by
the same safeguards as tho sale of al
cohol. Such other provisions as will "de
stroy every vestlgo of tho beverago
liquor tralllc throughout tho United
States and Its possessions."
The search and seizure provision is In
tended to mako it Illegal for persons, to
store liquor in their homes and' it is
planned to give the right to Federal
agents to search premises and confiscate
liquor that may be discovered.
ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE
WILL HARRY WETS
Tells Why It Believes Amend
ment Will Stand.
Tlie work f the Anti-Saloon League
of New York will not Tnd when the pro
hibition amendment goes Into effect, said
'he Rev Rollln O. Overhart of the league
yesterday. He believes that all but one
np inn nf the States will rntlfv the
amendment, and says that If leading Re- !
publican States like New Vork and Penn- j
t vlvanla do not fall Into line It will have
hnH effeet nn the nartv In 1950.
, . . . . . , . . !
Our aid must be given In the pressing
rf the battle against the liquor traffic t0 I
. , ,. ,,.. v, I
,c :""a ' ,'. ' ' " . mined, not by official dictum, but by the
tin be no question but that economic. . ' , . nnrt V,.
considerations will aid effectively every
'ndustrial nation to hurry the achieve- j
h.ent of prohibition there also, as none
realize more clearly than the heavjly
.rlnklng nations how tremendous Is the j
1 mdlcap under which thoy will labor in
worldwide competition with so Intelligent 1 campaRn designed to bring about relief
i ad resourceful a nation as the United j from ctrdttlons now operating which
Mates, advantaged further by deliver- . tne. mfi3t make difficult what the con
s'ice from the wastes. Inefficiencies and sumers of the country now demand,
destruction which have always grown out ',.. . ,n,VBrlnr of the. hlrrh eost nf
t' the beverage liquor traffic
Liquor Sow nn Oollmr
I
mere IS great ock an lor years , Food OIl rrrr H...
to come, but the situation will bo differ
ent from that obtaining now. Hereto-' The Produce men, like all other
f -e tho liquor traffic has had the ad- patriotic citizens, did what the Govern-
ntage. of position. Henceforth all Its j ment ejrpeeted th"in to while the war
advantages of position will be pone, nil , was on and supported the Food Ad
'i respectability will be swept away ( ministration to mako effective the Ad
i.r.d It will be a hunted and harried out- , ministration's slogan. "Food Will Win
Inw instead or an arrogant and 111
" en-hed power.
"The three grounds upon which the 1
'quor Interests have ben accustomed to
tov thir charces of unconstitutionality
1 .peering the Federal prohibition
..mndment are :
"1. That it Is Improper matter for
l-rnrporatlon In the Federal Constitution.
"I That It was not submitted by a
jci1 two-thirds vote of Congress, and
"8. That the seven year limitation
provision in It renders Its submission null
Ui.d void
'The first has never been regarded as
nf any consequence. A constitution
hlrh admitted nn ntnendment for
' dd'ns slavery. Is an equally npju-o-r'ate
place for an amendment for
I td ng the liquor traffic With respect
t'i the teeond allegation, It has already
l.rpn decided twice that a two-thirds' of
Wh branches of Congress means a two
h,rds vote of a quorum, tho first de-r'.-lm
being by United States District
J'i'Ve Hollister of Cincinnati, and the
f"". r decision being by no 1cm an
I' thnrity than the Supreme Court of
-ri United States In a recent decision
ivpectmg the same point on the vote
leq aired to pass tho Webb-Kenyon law
uver the President's veto.
MtlBntlnn Horan't Kilter.
"And with respect to the seven year
limitation objection the charge that k
rije the amendment as submitted by
orsress provided that It be ratified
within seven years to become a valid
I -r of the Constitution that Issue
cjul.l arise only provided more than
' ''f 5 ears wero consumed In tho rati
fy e Inasmuch as It has been ratified
K thirteen months, that limitation has
ml entered Into the case nt all. Further
more, constitutional lawyers of the hlgH
st order hold that had there been neces
t ty to put It to the test. It would be
luund that the limiting provision was
a!ld
"The liquor threats to bring referen
dum votes reviewing the ratification ac
t.on of fifteen State Legislatures Is futile
1 nd foolish. Members of a Legislature
when voting unon a Federal conttltu-
t.onal amendment are not acting under
mo.. i. v.... ti-.,ai iiv iiv virtun t
cf the State law they hold office as
J-gislatore, but the only law which en-
titles them to vote on a Federal amend-
mnt Is Federal law'. And that Federal
li'w cannot modify or change (he method
cf amending tho Federal Constitution ,
r.erely by adopting the referendum with
eptct to Its own State legislative octa."
WAR-OPENS ON
PRICE FIXING
OF ALL FOODS
X. Y. Exchange to Petition
Governinent to Restore
Normal Trading.
UNFAIR TO CONSUMERS
PrcsQnt New Rntcs tin Aid to
Bolshevism, Snys Appeal
for Instant Relief.!
Grain dealers, produce men and pro
vision dealers throughout tho United
States will push vigorously n move
ment to persuade the Government to
remove the artificial price set upon
whcat for the purpo8e of stimulating
,t, pr(xlucUon untJcr war con(jith,n9
whlch now havo passed.
- Tho Government has pledged Itself
to pay tho farmers f 2.26 a bushel for
the 1919 crop. It must fulfil that
obligation. What the men who deal
In food wunt Is to havo the Govern
ment pay the artificial price, but then
release the wheat to be sold In tho
open market at whatever price the
normal working of the law of supply
and demand shall determine.
Argentine wheat sold at 1.28i yes
terday. Canada and Australia are said
to be prepared to sell wheat at SI a
bushel under the American Govern
ment's artificial price. Kurope, now
that ships are available to carry groin
from South America and other pro-
duclne nat0ns to her shores, will not
buy our crop, men In tho trade point
out. They want the Government So
pocket the loss and not make the con
sumer pay It.
I'ot Illume on Government.
Behind It all Is the broad idea that
Uncle Pam himself Is responsible for
much of the high cost of living, since
the price of wheat govedhs the price of
most of the other cetaAls, of beef, pork,
bread of course, and of many Other
commodities.
Some one must break the vicious
circle of high prices, they point
out, and urge that it Is up to the Gov
ernment Itself to set the example.
The movement started quietly enough
yesterday In Chicago, with a petition
circulated upon the floor of the Chicago
Hoard of Trade calling upon Thomas
W Gregory, Attorney-General, to take
action to prevent "a recurrence of this
Immoral and Illegal price fixing" on
hogs. But the price of hogs is only the
beginning of tho campaign.
Members of the 'New York Produeo
Exchange, who received telegraphic
P,e",?,f Ahc vlltorou- document, ray
i that while the jirotest deals with hut one
commodity. Important In Itsilf, It fore
! shadows a nationwide movement on the
iiitrL ui luce 114 ii.iuc yj i.imai ui.u
governmental restrictions on
bo removed 90 that prices ma
may be deter-
. ... .
Many Produce Exchange members are
so worked up over the handicaps now
placed In the way of business that
they, too, projiose to circulate a peti
tion similar to that of the Chicago
Hoard of Trade men, and conduct a
living. The petition will be passed
around for signatures to-day.
tho War."
Now that tho war Is over and busl-
. ,
"e" 18 l,eu uu"n """loua -
strictlons they are asking among others
tho folluIng questions. In the hopo that
a way may be found to get tho price of
grains and other foodstuffs down to a
rational basis:
Why should flour sell at J12 a barrel
with more wheat and flour In the United
States than ever before In Its history,
when under tho law of supply and de
mand the prlco would not be more than
J6 it barrel?
Why should a Government price of
17 to cents a hundredweight for hog
be maintained In view of the fact that
the hog crop Is between R0,000,000 nnd
30,000,O0J, with a new pig crop coming
In March and April, and the fact that
our normnl hog crop Is 50,000,0007
What hope It there that foreign coun
tries, now that the war Is over, will con
tinue to buy our wheat at $2.2?. the
Government's fixed price, when Argen
tine wheat sold yesterday at Jl.28,
and Australia and Canada nro prepared
to sell their wheat at ?1 u bushel under
this country'" fixed price?
Corn mid Onta In 1,1st.
Why should the pilco of corn, which
nlnce 19M o!d at S3 cents u bushel In
Chicago, be kept Vfi by artificial meth
ods (It closed In Chlcagu yesterday at
$l.J6?i cents a bushel), and sell at
I 67 "i cent in Argentina, yesterday's
quotation
Why should the price of oats, which
since war sold In Chicago nt 344 cents
a bushel, bo quoted at 68 Vi cents a
bushel on the Chicago Hoard of Trade
as the result of official artificial boost
ing, with Argentine onta selling yester
day at 37 cents a bushel?
Why should consumers, representing
70 per cent, of the country's population,
be taxed for the benefit of tho farmers,
representing 30 per cent, of the popula
tion, now that necessities of the war
are over?
Why shouldn't Old High Cost of Ltv
Inc be hit a body blow by the exercise
of nlaln. common sensq and the removal
of Governmental restrictions that will
return trade where It was before the
war and enable tho law of supply and
demand to determine what a thing la
worth?
There Is a pronounced feellns anions
Continued 011 Fourth rage.
Four Peace Delegates
Named by Germany
gUMCH, Jnn. 17. Tho Munich
.newspapers stnto the Ger
man delegates to the peace con
ference will bo Count Von
Brockdorff-Runtznu, the Foreign
Minister; Prince Lichnowsky,
former Ambnssador at London;
Count Georg Arco, and tho So
cialist Carl Kautsky, former
Under-Secretary of Foreign Af
fairs in the Ebert Government
MOONEY STRIKE
SET FOR JULY 4
Labor Congress Orders General
Walkout Unless Leader
Gets a New Trial.
$1,000,000 FUND PLANNED
Coimnitten (Initio- tn Wnsliino-. i
. - - - rs - - - -
ton Wilson Hissed, Then
Gets Vote of Thanks.
Ciiicaoo, Jan. 17. A general strike
of organized labor designed to parn
lyzo every Industry In the country, be
ginning next Fourth of July, was de
cided upon to-day by the National La
bor Congress as a means of obtaining
a new trial for Thomas J. Mooney and
Warren Hillings If Federnl interven
tion and every other means adopted to
procure the desired relief full.
The convention authorized tho raising
of a fund of $1,000,000 to carry on a
campaign of education to llberato tho
labor leaders and to promote the pro
posed general strike. It Is planned to
flnanco the movement by levying an as
sessment of CO cents on each member of
organized labor In the country-
The convention, which finished Its
four day session to-night, adopted aloo
resolutions demanding that the people of
Rusula and Germany be permitted to
work out their own destiny, that Ameri
can troopa be withdrawn from Russia
and that all political and Industrial pris
oners receive the same consideration as
prisoners of war.
IlelrRnte fiolnir to Wnnhlnstun.
Tho delegates adopted the programme
recommended by the International Work
era Defence League to obtain the libera
tion of Mooney and Hillings. The resolu
tion provided that a committee of five
labor representatives be named to go to
Washington and ask President Wilson
and members of Congress for Federal In
tervention. The committee will ask that a Special
Assistant United States Attorney-General
be appointed to obtain the release
of Mooney nr.d Hillings by habeas
corpus or other means In order that they
may have new trials in a court outsldo
of California.
The legislature of California will be
asked to pass a law which will enable
tho courts of that State to grant new
trials In cases where convictions are ob
tained by perjured evidence or other
fraudulent mean'. If these means fall
then organized labor will be asked to
call the general strike.
Anita A. I', of I ApproTHl.
The American Federation of Labor
will be a.'ked to Indorse the general
strike at Its next annual convention.
The Mooney case programme resulted
In fiery debate, lasting five hours. In the
course of which radical delegates op
posed the sending of a committee to
"Washington.
In the discussion President Wilson's
name was hissed and July 4 was referred
to a" "The Master's Holiday."
Later William Spoon of Oakland, Cal.,
paid a tribute to President Wilson for
his sympathetic attitude toward labor,
and the convention by a rising vote ex
tended thanks lo the Chit-f Executive for
his efforts to obtain Mooney's release.
43 I. W. W. MEMBERS
RECEIVE SENTENCES
Action on Three More De
fendants Held Up.
Sachamknto, Cal., Jan. 17. Sentences
ranging from one to ten yeaia Imprison
ment were Imposed to-day by United
States District Judgo V II. Rudkln of
Spokane, Wash., on forty-three of the
forty-six-1 defendants convicted In the
Industrial Workers of tho World anti
war cmiHplracy entv
Sentence of Mlas Theodora Pollok,
Hasllo Saffoies and A. L. Fax, the only
three defendants represented by an at
torney, was held up by their counsel,
who said a motion for n new trial would
bo offered.
The sentences came as a climax to a
morning of oratory In which a large
number of the forty-three defendant!
who had maintained silence throughout
the trial made Impassioned addresses' to
tho court .
Three Indictments remain against those
convicted Tho true bill on which they
were found guilty charged the destruc
tion of moro than 13.000.000 In nrnnertv
In California and other overt acts aimed '
to block the Government In the prose
cution of Its war programme. The
prosecution would give no hint ns to
what It Intended to do with tho Indict
ments yet untried.
LONDON-PARIS AIR LINE READY
ItcKiilnr I'nnaenicrr .Service Will
l Innnnruruleil Monday,
I.ONPON, Jan. 17. A regular nerlal
passenger service bctw;een London and
Paris In connection with the peace con
ference will bo inaugurated Monday.
The time of passage will be two hours.
A number of airplanes have been
fitted up for the svrvice, They have
a comfortable ra'jin for two paswngers,
Including cushion seats nnd a table, en
tirely enclosed with glass.
IT. H, Honors French Rrnrrnli,
Paris. Jan, 17. President Wllron has
bestowed the American Distinguished
Service Crow on the Following French
Generals: Franchet d'Esperey, De ("as
tletnu, Fayolle. Mnlstro, Debenev, Hlrsch.
auer. Gouraud, Mangln, Degoutte, Herthe
lot, Humbert, Gulllaumat and Weygand.
CHAOS SWEEPS
GERMANY AFTER
REDS ARE SLAIN
Liebknecht and Luxemburg
Murders Inspire Threat
of Walkout.
MAY" PREVENT ELECTION
More Terrorist Leaders Ar
rested, but Eichhor'n Is
Still at Large.
London, Jan. 17. There are appre
hensions In Ilerlln of a general strike
nnd uprisings to avenge tho deaths of
Dr. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxem
burg, the Snartaenn leaders, according
to n Copenhagen despatch to the Ex- i
change, Telegraph Company. It Is
doubtful If tho elections to the Na
tional Assembly can be held on Sunday
because of the tremendous excitement.
Several more Spartncan leaders havo
been arrested, but the former Chief of
Police, Elchhorn, is still at large.
Amrtekdam, Jan. 17. The IlandcU
bind Ilerlln correspondent In a des
patch received to-day says:
"Tho wholo city is now swarming
with soldiers, wearing steel helmets,
carrying loaded rifles and with hand
grenades hanging on their belts. They
have occupied all the bridges, whero
they halt and search pedostrlans for
arms nnd call for 'the exhibition of.
Identification papers. Similar searcnes ,
are even being made on tho street
cars."
By tAf Attecialid rrrtt
Ufni.lN, Jan. 17. Dr. Karl Lieb
knecht and Rosa Luxemburg, tho two
leaders of the Ppartacans, have been
killed.
When It became known yesterday that
Dr. Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg
were at the Hotel Eden, In the western
part nf the city, a crowd rapidly con
gregated and stormed the lobby Both
were spirited to a side entrance, but tho
mob forestalled the attempt of the
troopi to save Fj-nuleln Luxemburg. She
was beaten Into Insensibility and then
thrown Into an automobllo by the
crowd, which Intended to take her to
prison.
A few blocks down the street the
machine was hailed by a second mob,
nnd when the presence of Frauleln
Luxemburg becamo known a man
Jumped on the running board of the car
and shot her through the head. Tho
body was dragged from the auto and
carried oft. It 1 supposed to havo been
thrown into the canal, but has not been
found.
In the meantime Dr. Liebknecht was
hurried Into another automobile by
officers and troopw and the car was
headed for the Moablt prison. While
going through the Tlcrgarten the ma
chine was halted by a punctured tire.
Dr. I.lrliknrrht Shot.
Dr. Liebknecht was asked to get out
by the officers, who Intended to hall
another automobile and continue to
ward the prison. While waiting Dr.
Liebknecht made an attempt to escape
and was shot by soldiers, who had an
ticipated such an effort on his part.
.When Dr. Liebknecht was arrested In
the homo of a relative on Mannhelmer
Stras'e se.iterday morning ne stoutly
denied his Identity. Aftr being escorted
to the Eden Hotel he was searched, and
his monogram, "K. L," was discovered
on bis shirt.
Dr Llebknecht'a capture vas due to
a telephone conversation overheard by
detectives In which ho and Rosa Luxem
burg agreed to meet at the home of a
man named Marcuason In the suburb of
Wllmersdorf. Marcnnon's burnt, the
police say, long has been one of the
gathering places of the Spartacatjs.
Dr Llehknecht's dash for liberty was
the last desperate try for freedom on
the part of a man who had left prison
only last October When the automobile
w'lilch was carrying him broke down
he was warned against any attempt at
flight. The officer In charge asked Dr.
Liebknecht, who was bleeding from a
wound in the head he had received
through being struck by n cane In the
handH of some member of the mob
whether he felt able to walk a few
hundred yards to tho next street, where
a new automobile could be found
MnUr Dnsh for I.lbertr.
Dr. Liebknecht said he could ami the
party started to walk When near a
group of trees Dr Liebknecht pushed
aside the soldier nearest him and
dashed for the underbrush In thu Tler
g.irten Tho soldiers ordered him to
halt. He paid no attention and several
shots werw fired nt him. One bullet
struck him In the hasc of tho neck and
urn iii'jiwi was instantaneous.
The Government announced that the
circumstances attending tho deaths of
Dr. Liebknecht nnd Ros.i Luxemburg
would be Investigated nnd that punish
ment would be meted out if It appeared
that the custodians of ..Him- k.j
lecled their duty or hod any part In the
tragedy.
Virtually the entire Herlln press re
gards the fate of Dr. Liebknecht and
Rosa Luxemburg as having "something
of divine Justice In It." as the Tuoe
Ztiltuno phrases It. Of Dr. Liebknecht
the Lokal-Aneelger myn:
"Ho brought his fate upon himself"
Continuing Its comment tho newspaper
says :
"Tho murder of Rosa Luxemburg
shows bow tremendous must have been
the Indignation which has seized the
people of Ilerlln as the result of tho
criminal activities of the Spartacansi,
Such summary Judgments have ordina
rily been foreign to the German manner
of thinking."
Cnlla It Her Own Fitnlt.
The press In general deplores the
lynching of Rosa Luxemburg, but do
elates she fell victim to the basest pas
Hlons which she herself had awakened
Die Frelhelt alone tries to lay the re
sponsibility upon the Government. 1
"This Is t!iw fruit of the policy of vio
lence of Kbert, Srheldemann and Lands-
berg," the newspaper declares. "It Is
the fruit of the conscienceless Indentions
Continued on Third Page, I
FRANCE MUST
HOLD ON RHINE,
FOCH ASSERTS
Marshal Insists It Be Made
Barrier Against New
German Invasion.
LAUDS AMERICAN TROOPS
"Your Men Have the 'Devil's
Punch; Go to It,' He Told
Gen. Pershing.
By the AnfoHated rrtit.
Trkeh, Jan. 15 (delayed). It Is the
conviction of Marshal Focu that the
Rhine must bo made the barrier be
tween Germany and Frnnce. He ex
pressed this clearly to-day when he
received American newspaper corre
spondent?. Tho Marshal is hero In
connoction with the meeting concern
ing the extension of the German ar
mistice. Marshal Foch pointed out the diffi
culties that hnd been overcome and
said that peace must be commensurate
with the price of victory. Germany
now wan beaten, he added, but with her
resources, especially in men, recupera
tion In a comparatively short time was
possible. It was now the duty of the
Allies to prevent further aggressions.
Marshal Foch praised the work of the
American troops and raid that Gen.
Pershing had asked that the American
forces be concentrated for an attack on
one sector. The Allied Generalissimo
admitted that the-Argonne-Meuse front,
where the Americans began their offen
sive on September 26, was a "sector hard
to tackle."
Told Them to "Go to It."
"Your " men have tho devil's own
punch," the Marshal said he had told
Gen. Pershing. "They will get away
with all that Go to It."
The American attack succeeded, the
Marshal continued, "and here we are on
the Rhine."
The armistice was not concluded too
soon and the Allies got nil they asked
for from Germany without continuing
the fighting. The Allies. Marshal Foch
said, were prepared for another offensive
stroke which would have forced the Ger
tnnns to give up. This was to have been
made in Lorraine on November 14 with
six American and twenty French divi
sions. A
"This is for me a happy opportunity,"
Marshal Foch began, "to tell you all the
good things 1 think of the American
army and of the part It played on our
side. Your soldiers were nujiorb They
came to us young, enthusiastic nnd car
ried forward by a vigorous Idealism and
they marched to battle with admirable
gallantry
Ararrlt-nna llnatened Victory.
"Yes, they were sup-rb. There In no
other word. When they app'eared our
armies were, us you know, fatigued by
three years of relentlesi strugglo and
the mantle of war laid heavily upon
them. We were magnificently comforted
by the virility of your Americans.
"The youth of tho United States
brought n renewal of the hope that
hastened victory Not only was this
moral fact of the highest Importance but
you alx brought enormous material aid
and the wealth' which you placed at our
disposal contributed to tlie final success
Nobody among us ever will forget what
America did.
"And you know what happened on the
field of battle since the month of July;
first on the Marne, than In the region of
Verdun. Gen. Pershing wished as far as
possible to have his army concentrated
in an American sector. The Argonne
and the heights nf the Meuse were a
sector hard lo t.icklo. There were con
siderable obstacles there.
Armlatlrr Sared Mnny lilTea,
" 'All right,' I said to him. 'Your
men have the devil's own punch. They
will get away With all that. Go to It."
"And finally everything went well.
Everything went so well that hero we
are on the Rhine."
Marshal Foch was asked by the cor
respondent "Hut was not tho armistice concluded
too soon?"
"It was not possible to do otherwise."
answered tho Marshal, "because the
Germans gave us everything that we
asked for at once. They satisfied all
of our conditions. It was difficult to
ask more.
"Doubtless nny General would have
preferred to have continued the strugglo
nnd to .have battle when the hattle
which offered Itself waa so promising,
but a father of a family could not but
help think of the blood that would be
shed. A victory, however easy, costs
tho lives of men. We held victory In our
grasp without nny further sacrifice. We
took It as It came.
"Tho German high command waa not
Ignorant of tho fact that It faced a co
lossal disaster. When It surrendered
Confisued 011 Third Pago.
Base Hospital Patients
Grateful to Smoke Fund
t(VJE were unnble to pur
chase cif-nrettes whilo in
hospitnl, ns we are very seldom
paid nny money owinu to the
fuct that our service records are
with our companies. Therefore
we especially appreciato the
work THE SUN Tobacco Fund
h doing for the soldiers," This
message was leceived from Ser
trennt F. E. Kenney, who is in
ward ihirtyssdx, Buso Hospital
131. Other messages of ap
preciation will bo found on
page 8. (
WARNING! THE SUN TO
HACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
PEACE COUNCIL GAG RULE
WORRIES THE AMERICANS;
FORMAL OPENING TO-DAY
BALKANS PERIL
IS FOUNDACUTE
Allied Commission Reports
Jealousies Rampant as
. Famine Draws Near.
CENTRAL EUROPE CHAOTIC
German Austria Lacks Coal
and Food Vienna Drab
and Near Bankruptcy.
Sptetat VTireltsi Dtnpalch to Ths Sex.
CopyrluM. 1M; oil Hahtt rtservrd.
P.uus, Jan. 17. Ominous Indeed for
President Wilson's hopes of establish
ing a permanent peace based upon
mutual good will and understanding
among Its many peoples Is the actual
situation In the Balkans and central
Burop", as viewed by tho Interallied
Investigating commission.
The commission has Just returned
after passing almost a month study
ing tho- remnants of the Austro-Hun-garian
Kmplre, visiting Vienna, Duda
pest nnd Prague and looking Into con
ditions In German Austria, Hungary
and the newly formed Czecho-Slovak
state.
Ulatrnat uritl Jealousy Hale
Ilcsldes the spectre of wnnt and fam
ine, npproac'hing financial collapse, and
the deadly octopus of npathy and ex
haustion, it wns found that the whole
region la In the clutches of distrust
and Jealousy centuries old. Animosity
and clashing nmbltions, the first re
sults of which were seen In the out
break between the Jugo-Slavs and the
Italians, who are ancient antagonists,
seem to be so deeply rooted that it
will take n maglclnn lo allay them and
bring forth a new and better order of
things.'
The only concrete conclusion reached
so far Is that Austria-Hungary, Includ
ing Bohemia, must be fed and probably
clothed and warmed as well. Russian
Bolshevik agents nro working every
where and are making headway, espe
cially In the Industrial districts of Bo
hemia, where they nro threatening the
future of tho newly established republic;
hut in German Austria a deadly Inertia
Ib paralyzing the people to such an ex
tent that they have not energy enough
to manifest their t.Ieoiitent.
Tho American members of this mis
sion, Alonzo Taylor, Hugh Gibson. Col.
William Causey and Capt. William Greg
ory, found the food situation so desper
ate that tho people of Vienna probably
will be starving within a month, the
Czechs within two mouths and Hungary
In three months unless they are aided.
The greater part of German Austria
has Just about half of what It needs of
ever) thlr.g, half enough food. eoal. labor
and transportation The war has stripped
the country, of half of the necessaries
of life. In some parts more than half. If
nn'lonal disaster, which certainly would
spread. Is to be averted these wants
must be supplied.
German Anatrln. rnnpertsed.
German Austria, at present nt least, Is
like a man suffering from nervous -exhaustion,
half-starved, half-clothed nnd
dead broke. Unless It Is put on Its feet
It will become roon a public rharge
Vienna was found to be one of the mom
depressing places Imaginable; one nf the
great cities of the worlr'. formerly the
gayest, now Is a place wnere all hope Is
dead and nothing Is normal.
The whole city seemed stilled, op
pressed by want and defeat, waiting with
almost frantic Impatience for the deci
sion of the peace conference, like a ra
tlent nn the operating table who has
heird for hours the surgeon sharpening
their knives but docs not know whether
he Is going to loe both legs or only one
arm All the people of German Austria,
from tho lowest to th highest, realize
that they are beaten completely and will
not b- able to fight again in fifty 5 ears,
and probably will not want to fight then.
In Vienna universal bankruptcy Is Juit
around the corner. There Is almost no
gold or silver in circulation, but the
city Is flooded with paper money,
printed by bucketful, which haH deprn
clated to one-quarter of Its face value
and still Is going down. All tho shops
close at 1 o'clock In tl.e afternoon to save
fuel and light ; all the hotels at 9 o'clock.
Tho theatres nro open only one night In
the week, and close then at 8 o'clock.
The subway Is not operated at nil and
only about 40 per cent, of the street cars
aro running.
I'nlr of Hhoes Costs St inn.
The best dinner nt the best hotel con
sists of boiled beef, sometimes horse
meat, cabbage, turnip and plums The
only breakfast ohtalnablo Is black bread
and matt coffee A pair of shoes costs
500 crowns, which would bo equal to
$100 If the crown w-ero at par A suit
of clothes s.'ll for 2,000 crowns ($400).
and much of the clothing Is made of
wood pulp paper fibre.
The peoplo generally are thin, pale
nnd listless. They seem to feel that the
end of tho world Is near and live oaly
from day to day, refusing to think of
or plan for the future. "I.et the peace
conference seltle It," they say Their
low physical condition Is especially dan
gerous, because practically all the medi
cal supplies are exhausted by the army
and there Is almnBt nothing left with1
which to treat the sick. ,
Demobilization of the Austrian army
Is Incomplete and In hopeless confusion,
The soldiers simply flocked to their
homes without method or discipline. Tho
streets nf Vienna are filled with re
turned soldiers, who still nro In uni
form, because they cannot get civilian
clothing. Most of them have no work
and they do not try to get any, merely
loafing about and existing somehow The
only officers they will salute are those of
the American and rilled forces,
Vienna practical'" Is marooned In the
Continued cm Second Page,
League Outlook Good,
Wilson Cables Clews
PRESIDENT WILSON yestet
day cabled Henry Clews,
chairman of the executive com
mittee of the Civic Forum, as
follows:
I received with the deepest
interest and gratification the
action of the mass meeting at
Carnegie Hall and am glad to
report that the prospects for
nn ngreement upon a League
of Nations are at present most
favorable.
WOODROW WILSON.
The President's message was
in answer to ono sent by tho
Forum, informing him thnt a
mass meeting under its nsupices
here last Friday night had in
dorsed the idea.
RED CHIEFS FLEE
RUSSIAN REVOLT
retrograd Uprising Causes
Bolshevists to Retreat
and Murder Manv.
SEND APPEAL TO WILSON
Offer to Cease World Agita
tion if Recognized at
Peace Congress.
HK:.si::n?oi(S. Jan. 17. A counter
revolution has broken out In Petro
grad, according to reports from Ueval,
and the Holshevlkl havo started a gen
eral hurried retreat eastward from lCs
thonia. Copenhagen, Jan. 17. Maxim Lltvi
nofr, the former Holshevlk Ambassador
nt London, has sent a note to President
Wilson declaring that the Holshevlk
Government of Russia Is prepared to
cease Its world propaganda If the Allies
v.dll agree to enter Into peace negotia
tions with It, according to the oc!n!
Drmokratcn.
fpteal Wire.'i-M rtsprsic to Tiir. 9ci Iron Ihr
London Ttmr Serxtce.
Copyright. IfCI; ail nffMn rtctrrd
Hict.flirnmsg, Jan 17 Th llsthonlan
General Staff reports thnt the Holshf-
j vlsts are rapidly retiring toward I'.skoff,
162 miles southwest of Petrosrnd. The
Narova, which flows between the gov
ernments of Petrograd s.nd Esthonla, Ih
occupied by the Ksthonlans. It setms
certain the Ksthonlans will cross the
frontier nnd attack the town of Narova.
The nolshevlkl, before giving up Dor
pat in I.ivonln. shot 225 men and eighty
women, among them being the chief
Orthodox Bishop of Esthonla and four
Lutheran pastors. The number shot at
Wesenberg In listhonla before the Hol
shevlk! fled exceeded 170.
M aphid, Jan. 17. Nikolai Lenlr.e, th
Bolshevist Premier of Russia, was
among Russians who landed at Barce
lona recently, according to newspapers
here.
Geneva, Jan. 17. Ths Swiss newspa
pers announce thst two brothers of Ifiow
Trotzky, who were interned In Franc,
escaped Into Switzerland yesterday near
Delemont after shooting snd wounding a
French soldier. The younger of the
brothers has been arrested and W being
Interrogated.
ALLIES IN RUSSIA TO
HAVE ONE COMMAND
Unity Agreed Upon, With
French General in Charge.
Omsk. Russia, Jan. 15 (delayed).
Unity of command nn the Siberian front
has been i.rranged and the French Gen
eral. Jules Jantn, who has been com
mander of the Czecho-Slovak Army, will
havo eupreni'i direction of the allied
forces.
Tho appointment of Gen Janln Is
hailed as auguring the ultimate defeat of
the Holshevlkl. .Gen. Knox, chief of the
British military mission and also In
charge of the commissariat, Is occupied
In the task of neloctlng a representative
commission to study and formulate a
plan for tho selection of it National As
sembly. The newspapers call attention to tho
fact that the workmen's cooperative or
ganizations of Omsk anil elhewhero have
proclaimed their support of the new
Government. The Government h ac
tively negotiating with tho Powers for
recognition and also for participation In
tho peace conference.
BRITISH WON'T LIFT BLOCKADE
Itrpurt Thnt Admiralty Will Not
Let Grruinny llnvr- Food.
Lonhon. Jan. 17 The Admiralty hn
no Immediate Intention of relaxing its
strict blockado against Germany, the
Central News says It teams.
Vienna, Jnn. 17 The authorities con
template the Institution of meatless
weeks owing to the ulmost total cessa
tion of meat Imports. Recently there
has been a cutting In half of the bread
ration, and the two factr .taken In con
junction with the nddltlona! fact that
potatoes are virtually unobtainable, has
caused couslumutiuii umung liie yum-latlon.
Secrecy Resolution Re
ported Adopted in Absence
of U. S. Members.
WILSON STILL' SILENT
Publicity to Be Given Only
to the Proceedings of
Full Sessions.
CHIEFS WORK IN CAMERA
! Five Associated Powers Will
Settle All Problems Be
fore Presentation.
lly I.AUIlUXl'i: HILLS.
FtafJ Corrrrpondcnt of Titn Sum.
Copyrlffht. 1IG3: all right rfstrvtd.
Pauls, Jan. 17. President Vilson
friends are showing Increasing cotv
corn to-day over the situation In re
gnrtl to tlie application of the gag rule
to the proceedings of the ponce confer
ence, the opening session of which
. takes place to-morrow, and private
i cable advices received by members of
the American dflegntlon from tho
United States are emphasizing Its
gravity there.
Only a direct public ,tntcment from
the President himself can clear up
j apparently the mystery surrounding
the position ho took during the dis
cussion of a matter so vital to the
world and to himself ns the author of
tlie fourteen points. Reports are con
Illctlng. some of them representing
Premier Lloyd George anil President
Wilson ns opposing the gag rule to
the last, wlille other reports describe
the President a, being won over after
demurring.
Settled Without Amrrlcnnt.
An effort was made to-duy to pro
duce tho impression that the resolu
tion for secrecy was deferred and not
adopted on Wednesday, yet the evi
dence Is to the contrary. All tho
members of the conference are acting
tinder the provisions of the gag rulo
in refilling to talk; the French news
papers are censored In nivonlnncn
with 11 resolution nnd members of
the American mission who were not
present at the time it was acted upon
were Informed that It had be-n
adopted. Their Indignation Is ap-
I parent over the fact that such a mat
I ter .should Is; settled before their at
j teuduncv.
In their concern some of tho
; Wilsuti party are urging him to clear
up the mntter for the public with
lout delay, realizing that the present
situation and the American reaction
are likely to prove fatal to his plans.
These urging were proceeding all
day. The President seemingly Is un
decided, hoping apparently that the
protests of the correspondents will
afford symie way out.
SllKUCNllon of "Colli Tort."
The Impression Is uneseapable that
either an irresolute stand was taken
! originally or else a cine of cold feet
I has developed since Wednesday, 1 The
J Impressive fact standing out In the
j extraordinary developments proceed
j Ing from the action Is the sudden
j manifestation of the tremendous
power of public opinion now as con
trasted with the days of the Vienna
1 conference.
The request yesterday for sucgtu
' tlons from the correspondent resulted
in assembling virtually another peace
conference representing the mediums
of public opinion throughout the
world with hundreds of newspapers
In a score or more of languages.
There Is every Indication to-day that
the slgniilcance of thin hastily sum
moned gathering anil the potency of
the force It represents have been Im
pressed upon the statesmen.
The correspondents, confronted with
a question upon whose solution hls-
I tory may turn, have formed an Inter
j allied committee suggestive of tho
peace conference Itself In which the
big Powers were represented by three
membern and the little ones by one.
Anierlcnns Offer to Withdraw.
The Americans stood by the dec
laration of principles based on the
llrst of the fourteen points of Presi
dent Wilson, dually offering to with
draw upon their failure to obtain rt
similar declaration by any other dele
gates. This offer emphasized tho
critical point reached In the proceed
ings and resulted In conveying to the
French, Hrltlsh and Italians the In
tensity of the American feeling on the
subject of opeu conferences based
upon the Interpretation which the
people have given to point one.
If physical difficulties prevented
open sessions of the peace Conference
the Americans demanded Hint at least
ten representatives should bo present
lit the sorbins; the llr.ll 'i n'nl Ilnl
Inns were witlsliinl with one The
Italians llnully Joined thu Americans
i

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