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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, January 20, 1919, Image 1

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Fair to-day and to-morrow; moderate
northwest winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 45: lowest, 36.'
Detailed weather reports on editorial pin,
NEW YORK, MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1919. Copyright, 1919, 6 the Bun Printing and Publlthing Jt.octatto.
Billion Dollar Payrolls a
Year to Cause Deficit of
Bonds' Revolving Fund of ,
19500,000,000 Is Virtually
Exhausted Already.
fprvinl Despatch to Taa Ben.
Washi.voton, .Tan. 19. Another big
advance In railroad freight rates by the
Railroad Administration, probably on a
flat 10 per cent, basis, Is likely. Pas
render rates will not bo affected. Such
sn advance Is under serious considera
tion by tho rtallroad Administration
and an announcement Is expected In
the near future. It Is understood that
passenger rates are to be affected.
Costs of Government operation of
the roads and of wages have advanced
beyond the original estimates and. an
increased revenuo from some source Is
regarded as absolutely necessary. Early
estimates on the results of operation
r.f the first year of Government control
and on the probable results of 1919 op
erations made by Director-General
McAdoo before he left Washington are
undergoing revision as mare complete
statistics become available, A general
review of tho situation Indicates clear
ly that at tho end of the year there
will be a deficit of something llko a
quarter of a billion.
The question of wages Is' the largest
Ingle factor In this deficit on a year's
operation of the Class 1 railroads. Wage
Increases already granted reach a larger
total than was estimated and another
substantial raise for the brotherhood
men is In prospect. Part of the differ
ence In wagea figures results from In
creased forces following the armistice.
Truffle and Kerenaes Drop.
In addition revenues are falling off,
for there has been a decline In traffic
since the end of the war. The original
revolving fund of $300,000,000 has not
only failed to revolve, but I practically
exhausted, and the Railroad Administra
tion Is facing a serious situation. It
must have additional revenue through
further Increased rates to meet the sit
uation or take.the roney-from the. tax
payers by Congress appropriations un
der the Government guarantee. The
only other alternatives are operating
economies, which are Impossible with a
public demand for better facilities now
that the war Is ended, or a reduction In
-.ages. The latter alternative has been j
dropped from consideration as absolutely j
Confronting this situation It Is known
that Director-General HI nag, his assist
ants and advisers and the regional di
rectors of the roads have conferred sev
eral times In the last week In an effort
to solve the problem. It Is virtually
agreed that the only solution Is a rate
raise. The effect of such a course on
he public is being weighed against the
necessity for the action. Serious as It
may be It will probably have to be
brushed aside.
Railway nperatlnsr revenues that
.imped to $137,000,000 in July under
the 15 per cent, rate raise have been
falling steadily and somewhat alarm
ingly ever since. Indicating the shrink
age in traffic from higher rates and the
"lemporary" Mowing of Industry fol
lowing the signing of the armistice.
They dropped to $127,000,000 In Au
gust. $99,000,000 in September, $87.
nno.000 in October. $57,000,000 In De
cember. It is conceded that the Jan
uary figures in any event will not show
tin Increase
Ilevennea Iinrtter bnt Insufficient.
Despite this dropping off the revenues
under Government operation for the six
month were' $2,800,000,000, or at the
rate of $5,600,000,000 a year, as com
pared with only K.000,000.000 in 1917
under private control and operation.
Before leaving the railroads Director
General McAdoo estimated a deficit for
" year of $136,000,000. Later re
gions, official and unottlclal, place the
total near the $250,000,000 mark.
Estimates for the current year that
have heen the subject of several con
ferences here In the last few days In-ilti-ate
at least an equal deficit for the
l-pfent year. In place of the early
McAdoo estimate of a saving of $100,
ooo.Ooo that would make possible a re
duction of freight ratea before the end
o' the year. Instead an advance seems
Tho Increase In wages has gone hun
dreds of millions beyond estimates made
when Director-General McAdoo raised
IreiKh and passenger rates laat sum
mer It was then believed that $500,
000 nio would cover all wage advances
necessary to enable the employees to
meet the higher cost of living.
When Mr, McAdoo appeared before
1 f-rnate Interstate Commerce Com
n It" two weeks ago he estimated that
tr.e advances granted by the Govern
ment jKgregated $650,000,000. Hut In
conferences last week more complete
t't'irnit were at hand, showing the
hmodM to be $900,000,000.
wsdf Increase Billion a Year.
T".' this Increase In the railroad
ravo. win reach a billion dollars a
it within a few days Is believed In
ev i.4hie u8 tho result of the coming re
P' of the wage board that has been
hear ns the demands of the trainmen's
h o'he iioods. The four brotherhoods
''atnel very little from the general
advance last year because of the
fa" 'hat they had received a $60,000,000
one under the Adamson elgiu nour
Hut since the largo advances made .Church, of all tne iraowi, """'" "
r employees they havo been in-1 and of the ale Club or mis cu.
' ' or, another upward revision of "
' a'es of pay
understood that the wage noarn
recommended to the Director - Gen -
in Increase for the brotherhoods as
as they gained under the Adam
aw and unofficial estimates place
' e smuunt close to 1 00,000,000. This
'rug the total wage advances un
d. ' overtiment operation to be a round
ll "nn ooo.nno or about 6S per cent
Wr McAdoo underestimated by J350,-
-4 '
,t Continued o-XMri Pago.
Boston Lawyer Is to Sue-
ceed Gregory, Who Re
tires March h
Is Counsel for Shipping Board
Emergency Fleet Cor
poration. Special Hespatch to The Sr.v.
Washington, Jan. 19. Sherman L.
Whipple of Boston will be tho next At
torney-General of the United States.,
He will succeed Thomas Watt Gregory,
whose resignation has been nccepted
by tho President, to take effect
March 4. '
Mr. Whipple Is general counsel for
the United 'States Shipping Board's
Emergency Fleet Corporation, a post
which he has filled for six months or
more. Ills appointment to this post
was at one time reported as tho basis
for a row between Charles M. Schwab.
Dlrector-Oeneral of the Emergency
Fleet Corporation, and Edward N.
Hurley, chairman of tho Shipping
Board. Tho promised troubles between
Chairman Hurley and Director-General
Schwab failed to develop beyond the
point of rumor and Mr. Whipple held
on throughout Mr. Schwab's Incum
bency. Nearly three years ago Mr. Whipple
was mentioned as a possible appointee
to the United States Supreme Court In
stead of Mr. Hrandels. Mr. Whipple was
a stanch supporter of Mr. Brandeis
for the appointment and submitted his
vles to the Senate Judiciary Commit
tee when the confirmation of Mr. Bran
dels was held up by that organliatlon.
During the winter of IBIS and 1917
Mr. Whipple was selected by the House
Committee on Rules when it investi
gated the alleged White House-Wall
street leaks.
It Is expected that Sir. Whipple's
nomination will be cabled soon by Presi
dent Wilson for submission to the Sen
ate. This will admit of the present
Senate considering Mr. Whipple's name
and effecting the confirmation before
conclusion of the final session of the
Democratic Corafress.
Advocates Revolutionary Re
forms in the Profession.
Ixng before Sherman U Whipple be
came nationally prominent as counsel
for the famous "Lawson leak" Congres
sional committee two years ago he was
cenerallv recognized as one of the ablest
k.. t hi. mf..lnn nn1 xnorlnltv
noted as a trial lawyer. wnen nis i
.work as counsel for the plaintiff in the i
sult of George W. Pepper, receiver or , olas Longworth (unio) musi seeK sup
the Bay State Oas Company, against port from tne two other opponents of
H. II. Rogers and other nnanclal now- , Mann nla polleles along this lino must
ers. won a verdict of over M.000.000 ' Eamer
for his Client. James ji. res, vu up-
posing counsel In this famous case, said
of Whipple:
That man haa no equal as a croas
examlner." Mr. Whipple, who Is senior member
of the Boston law firm of Whipple.
Sears Ogden, was born In New Lon
don. N. II, March 4. 1862. He, was
graduated from Yale In 18S1 and from
the law college of that university three
years later. In 1886, after practising
for two years in Manchester, N. H..
he went to Boston, where he achieved
almost Immediate success.
Always a man outspoken in his opin
ions Mr. Whipple has been tho object
of conelderoble criticism by brother
lawyers on account of his persistent
advocacy of revolutionary reforms In
leial nractlce. So radical were some
of his proposals that William' Howard
Taft was led to
refer to him as an
Philippine term for
"explosavlsta," a
an ultra, radical.
Mr. Taft particularly objected to Mr.
Whipple's proposal that privileged com
munlcatioim between lawyer and client
be abolished. Other proposals of Mr.
Whipple's Included the suggestion that
the Immunity from Interrogation of a
person charged wlUi a crime bo abol
ished. , ,
Until 1911 Mr. Whipple, who has al
ways been considered nn "Independent"
Democrat, resisted all efforts to entice
him Into political contests. In that year
he made the Senatorial rare against
Henry Cabot Lodge and, although de
feated, he made a strong run. despite the
fact Uiat he made no active campaign.
Since that time he has been a powerful
figure in the party council and won a
large share of the credit for bringing
about the unexpected victory of David I.
Walsh over Senator John W. Weeks In
the November election.
Financial considerations are not likely
.,..r tn rnu.se Mr. Whipple a retirement
...... - ,
from the Cabinet, for no nas amweu
iiuiii urn .- .,,
considerable fortune from his law prac-
tlce. In one case alone he receded a.
fee of 1230,000. His home in Brookllne,
Mass., Is one of tne snow pwim 01 iimv
town, and he atso maintains an exten-
slve estate at riymouui, . """
chased from the estate of the late Lben vedrines left Isr- Les Moullneaux nt
D. Jordan. Ho also owns a large part j ,,0 Q..or.i this afternoon, notwlth
of what once was Brook Farm, the scene gtandns n thick fog. to attempt u land
of the famous communal experiment or (nf on (ho roof 8f thc naileries La
Hawthorne, Dana and their associates. ayatte, a large department store near
Mr. Whipple is an enthusiastic horse- I (he Rt Lazar station, The roof, which
man and maintains large stables. lie 1(J w((1(( and lonf, without obstruc
and his family, consisting of Mrs. Whip- t,onB on hai1 previously been proposed
pie and their two daughters, are fr;,for . a an aerial station in Paris,
quently seen on the bridle paths or , yedrlnes -flew over tho boulevards end
Brookllne. Mrs. Whipple was Miss Bowe(, fowI1 , ho passed over the bank
I)ulse Clough. a member of a prominent . d,nfi oppoRte hls destination. Here
Manchester. N. H., fam ly before her lho (lvlator .nut off the power of his
marriage to Mr. Whipple In 1893 lie ib nM Bn(1 Ummell tho parapet sur
a member of the Protestant Lplsropai 1 ,nB ln roof by only a few Inches,
I Transport Short, r Koiin.
Th. French liner
1 " -'hleh left Bordeaux for
iiuinniii." co , .
r,ew ior ""I "
can trooos; will put in nere lo-mormw
for coal and supplies, according to a
message from the Rochambeau's captain
received to-night at the local office of the
Compagnle Oenerale Transatlantic.
The shortage of food Hnd fuel was
occasioned by rough weather, which de
layed th crossing. .
Spain in Fear of Big
Bolshevik Revolution
Special Cable Despatch to Ttt Sex.
Copyright, 1919; all rights rtterv-
LONDON, Jan. 19. Now" re
ports haye been received
here that revolution threatens
Spain In tho immediate future.
It is learned from a ROod source
thnt the uprising planned Is to be
similar to that which dethroned
King Manuel in Portug-al.
It is not necessnry to seek far
for tho causes. The war sympa
thies of the Spanish population
were divided sharply between the
Allies and Germany, and from
these two groups sprang politi
cal parties, one of which is grow
ing daily moro powerful and in
fluential. It is imbued somewhat with the
principles of Bolshevism, which
is now sweeping Europe like a
plague, and demands home rule
in certain provinces, such ' as
Catalonia. The Spanish Gov
ernment and military authorities
are making preparations in an
ticipation of trouble. Meanwhile
little of what is happening is al
lowed to pass the closely cen
sored cables.
Chnirman and G. 0. P. Leaders
Map Course in Favor of
Gillett and Fess.
Many Members Tlcdgcd
Agree to Chairmanships Go
ing to Most, Able Men.
Special DetpatcK to Ths Rck. ,
Washington. Jan. 19. Conferences i
between Republican leaders here and
Chairman Hays of the Republican Na
tional Committee last week resulted In
the capitalization of anti-Mann senti
ment In, the House along clearly es
tablished lines, namely:
Those who oppose Mann's candi
dacy for the Speakership, if success
ful, will not adhere strictly to the
rule of seniority In expecting chair
manships of Important committees.
They will take steps to prevent
vesting political control of the .Hons
In the samo type of leadership as
marked the last Republican House
nnd out of which developed the pro
gressive protest.
These lines of division have been
clearly established In announcements ,
emanating from the camps of two as
pirants for the Speakership Repre
sentative Frederick H. Gillett (Mass.) ;
and Simeon D. Eess(Ohlo). As any
caini)iKu u) in-
cussed possibility Representative Nlch-
- nnn,m-ie his surnort of the can
didacy of Mr. Fess yesterday Repre
sentative Cooper (Ohio) made this
statement :
My people have no concern regard
Ing the patronage I shall get, but they
do demand that I shall use my best
effort to see to It that the men of the
hlehest Qualifications are placed at the
head of Important committees."
A statement from the "Gillett Speak
ership Committee" to-night contains this
statement :
"Against him (Mann.) are voiced tin
arguments that he Is a 'reactionary.'
that he Is merely a parliamentarian
rather than a statesman, that he would
In fact. If not In theory, abolish the
selection " of committees by the House
.. anrt thnt he would turn the clock
U,ack to the days when 'Uncle Joe' Can-
non was the 'Czar' and ruled the Houao
with an Iron hand until deposed.
"Mr. Cannon, by the way. Is Mann's
chief campaign manager and his mantle
la said to have fallen on Mann's shoul
delH. With Gillett as Speaker Itepunucans
nf the next House feel that, all commit
tees will be selected by tha Republican
Hoime membership without fear of dic
tation by the Speaker."
. AIRMAN WINS $5,000
Jules Vedrines Accomplishes
First Feat of Kind.
Special Cubit Petpatch to Ths Sen trom tht
London Tlmtt .itnlcr,
Copyright, !&!: all rlghti rnerrrd,
n.nra inn 10. Jules Vedrines. the
T.-r(,nCh aviator, landed In A plane on
, nt ,hp naileries Lafayette. The
.... . -
rP8t notable, for tne root is renceo
'rnl ""'. y' -
al)0llt ),y sk signs and other erections.
, pA,8f jar, IB.-' Jules Vedrines. the
avntor to-day won a prize or &.mi
for benK the first airman to land on the
roof of a nouse ounug a uikiu
The landing was a spectacular one, Hnil
although the machine was slightly dam-
' jred Vedrines was uninjured When ths
.machine came lo a Mimcistlll Vi.irln
waved W aims in a i-iT.inior nn 1110
bank rx,f. selling. "There you nre."
.., . 1, amiroxlmateiy in re
The roof Is approximately c feet In
m,i, un,l In lenarth about S2 feet. The
width of the airplane used by Vedrines
Is 39 feet.
After the flight and the successful
landing Vedrines said he never had the
slightest doubt about Its success. He
added that Jie Intended to. fly around the
General Strike Called
Leipsic to Avenge
'.Airmen Bombard Berlin With
Pamphlets of Political
London, Jan. 19. Grave election
riots are taking place to-day In Gor-
t many, wnere toe peopio are vouhr "
' choose members of the National As
sembly. A general strike has been de
clared at I.elpslc, which Is without gas
and water, according to Copenhagen I
advices to tho Exchange Telegraph I
' Company. I
The deaths of Dr. Karl Llebknecht
and Rosa Luxemburg, Spartaean lead
ers, appear to have mndo a deep Im-
' prcsslon In provincial towns and to
j have led to demonstrations and street
' fighting. It Is reported.
At liclpslc a mob Is said to have de-
troyeA .,.h0 e,eIo Jburea,u of the
uemocruiic puny aim 10 iiu u uiu-
flscated the evening editions of the
Ielpslc Tagcbtntt. Zcitung and General
Gazette, compelling thoso papers to
publish a declaration deploring the
"murderorsdn Berlin" and blaming the
Government for them. Strikes and
demonstrations are reported In Duj
seldorf and other towns.
Airmen were flvlnir over Berlin to-1
1 l I 1, . L - t... ...J.U I
Kanipmria ,-ueu uy
. I . . . .. -. 1 1 . I. nM1tln1
parties. It Is reported
Amsterdam, Jan. 19. The l.okal An-
,eigm- of Berlin says It learns the Kbert-
Bcheldemann Government finally has de- J
elded not to hold the National Assembly
for which elections are going on to-day.
A German Government wireless mes-1
saee received In London Saturday said ,
Phlllpp ficheldemann, the German For- j
elgn Secretary had announced that the t
German Government had decided to con-
voke the National Assembly February I
16.1 I
The anneal Issued by the Independent
Socialist of Berlin for a general strike
In consequence of the deaths of Dr. Lleb
knecht and Rosa Luxemburg proved un
successful, according to a despatch from
the German capital.
. crnt a w t.re i
Use Government Machinery
to Spread Propaganda.
Rv tho Anioclalrd rntf.
Berlin. Jan. 1? Tho election cam
paign has been worked out In an ener
getic manner, measured by German
standards. The Majority Socialists have
a certain advantage in tneir monopoly
llornv .fa.
. ..... . , .
tlons ana. me hko lor eiecuon popier.
They are even having their election lit
erature printed In the Government print
ing office and distributed by Government
officials, soldiers In automobiles stid by
The Independents' ticket In Berlin is
beaded by Herr Elchorn, former chief
of polUe, ho recently fieil the city and
for whom the police are searching.
I I'V... Kn...nAnl. lai.Tur. rr.tiAralR' na
MA.ni win nht.tin a BfifA ma
Jorlty. The votes of the women are ex -
- . ... .......
pectea especially to sirengmen tne
Chrltlan People's party, as the Clerical
party is now known.
Although a state of siege has not been
formally declared, a situation amount
ing virtually to a rtate of siege exists
In Berlin. Tho Government has taken
all military measures needful to protect
the voters and safeguard the elections.
If any of the !00 polling places In
.,.! '.. !... .
i n of T.Verf t is nlanned to re-
peat the election eight days hence under ,
tfenforced military protection. As the
system of proportional election hai, been
adopted the counting of the ballotB will
t occupy nearly a week.
Alsace-Lorraine will not participate,
but elections In German territory In
Posen now occupied by Poles will be
held, If necessnry, under the protection
of troops.
Reds Burn Campaign Papers
m Dusseldorf and Elsewhere, citr iieintc rnrittrd of iindrair-
n T7T n I "Me Tentonle Klementa.
Hi tht Auorlated rrrtt.
BSHUN. Jan. 18 (delayed).-Tha Pn-s. Jan 19--The P"r'fa'"
Ppartacana continue to show their heads Mctz from undes rable r.erman lejnents
outside tho capital. The radicals have I continues under the best conditions, ac
selzed all the bourgeois papers' In Dus- cording to Hav news agencj des
n, i natch from thnt city Tho latest con-
IK-IUWI IUIH irvnr.i uii. iriinni II ui rtt un
of (ne clerical and Democratic parties
01 ine t.iericni ami 1 "iiiocniiic
1 nml t,urned their campaign lite
Tho Soldiers and Workmen's Coil
Council of
Combined on Third Page,
Triple Party for
Smoke Fund To-morrow
A RItANGED by that indefati
gable SUN Tobacco Fund
fan, Sophie Tucker, a triple
party for the fund will start as
an afternoon tea at Reisen
eber's, continue through dinner
nnd wind up at the supper
tables. AH sorts of famous fun
makers from Brondwny stage
and cabnxct havo volunteered to
assist this drive for smokes for
the soldiers in the American
Army of Occupation. WhnLthese
holdiers think of their friend
THE SUN Tobacco Fund is told
in their own words on page 4.
BACCO FUND has no connec
tion with any other fund, organi
zation or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
Peace Delegates to Act Early
I on Radical Measures for
Crushing Bolshevism.
Unemployment, "Wage Scales,
Hours, Hygiene and Insur
ance Among Topics.
Special Wireless Despatch to Inr. Six.
Copyright, 1M; all rights reserved,
Pams. Jan. 19. The Inclusion of the
labor question Into the first session of
the Peace Congress has caused consid
erable surprise here to some of the
delegates. The labor problem generally
la considered one which, although not
unlmnortant. Is yet not of the "first
order," and moreover Is entirely out'
side of the scope of International po
llttcal settlements.
To those who have been watching
the dally Increase in the lnbor unrest
of Europe this action of the Peace
Congress appears to have only one
motive, to calm the impending storm.
The object of putting In motion the
machinery for the Inclusion In the final
of International leglsla-
Wl tlVU UVlllJ
UOH IUI low urui-ii. ittwi wu..vH.'.j
.., ,h nr,, nf Hnlshevlsm and
I to deprive the Bolshevik propaganda
of Its pretext for expanding Its field
of action. It may 1k considered as the
first step In the Allies' proposeti plan
for crushing Bolshevism.
..... ....
"""'', Brform. Mooted,
It has taken some of the statesmen
a long time to reall7 it, but finally
they have come to the conclusion that
Bolshevism, finds Its best fleldR where
the discontent of labor Is greatest. The
International social legislation, such as
It is intended to institute, will em
brace every phase of social reform and
In Its entirety will be virtually a form
of socialism.
It la generally agreed here that the
decision of the conference Is a, greaj
concession to labor nnd may have the
effect of reconciling the socialist ele-
ments In many of the allien nations.
That the Influence nf the British Labor
party and the presence here of (leorge
Nleoll Barnes, one of Its leader. ha
bad considerable weight In bringing
about tho decision Is another general
rnvoreil by Clrmenrenn.
It seems to be also one of the point"
In the pact made last week by Pre
mier Clemenceau and French labor.
Adequate provision will he maae tor
i relieving the condition of universal tin-
I , ..a I),, fnn.rvltience
ci:unuj ui.-hi .-. .... Mn
of the uemomuzation or many niuii..
of men.' Just consideration will be given
to the claims of women who nre left
nHthnni .mnlm-mint because of the re
turn nf Hip men to their work. Far
renchlr.g meps ar to be taken in reg.ird
tn social Insurance, hygiene, regulation
of the minimum and maximum wage
scales and hours of labor, and the laws
r.mln I mmiCTIl 1 1 OH Of labOl'.
Fnr Vranre such a nrogramme of
, labor legislation has particular Inter
I' . . . u n tlio, I , Win
An.,rt from tne lact tnai u i-un
cer'ns her demobilized workers, the reali
zation of such rerornw win Hiioru
France an opportunity to demonstrate to
the ureal masses of men employed In
tho Industries and mines of Alsace
, Ixrratne
that Its nttltuue is sympn-
I All are piojects aiming at l" """1;
I atlon of their condition, which, t ma
h. ld. has been aided greatly by
German labor reforms under which they
have been living many years nnd which
"aruiy ne unii mu.,
i i .111 In T.'r-O tlPA i-ir
i Z .
; BOLSHEYIKJ. Uflf l UKt, A.1,V,
Covrriimeiit $nil to
Hmr Hern Overthrown.
Gknkva, Jan. 20. Kiev Is in the lisnds
of Bolshevist forces, w ho have overturned
the 1'kranlan Government, according to
a Prague despatch received here.
y sent out from .neiz mciuueii , rDi,
Iiaemeiu 01 mr iwj.ii .,..10
'He has been a strong pan-GormanlHt and
.! n iiirecior 111 1111.113 vfcuii.iii
All of the professnis of German na
tionality who had remained nt their
posts In tho nerondary schools havo now
been relieved of their functions.
Bolshevihi Seized in Lau
sanne Were on Way to Paris.
By the AMOrititril Prett,
Geneva, Jan. 19. Several German and
Tt...ln. Ilnlahoi'll.'! lid 'f hnpti arrnl.il h
I iuir-iii - . j
he Lausanne police, It Is said that the
nen In cuntody were bearing false pnsa-
men III t'tintoov were hearing raise nn
ports nnd were nn tneir way to rarls.
The (lazrttr of Lausanne says. "The
BoMievlkl under arrest plotted against
the liven of Premier Clemem eau. Piesl
dent Wilson and Premier Lloyd tjeorge.
The plot was hacked by German gold."
' Wilson Thanks !lnl,
Ban, Jan, la. President Wilson has
sent from Paris a telegram to the Swiss
President thanking the latter for the
meiwag which Mr. Wilson received on
returning to .Paris from Jtaly,
Many of the Articles Received of Great Money Value
and Some Probably Will Remain in White
House Permanently.
tht Aiioriattd Prtt$.
Paris, Jan. 19. lYesident and Mrs.
Wilson came to Paris with a modest
collection of trunks and personal bag
gage, hut they probably will be forced
to tako home a carload. Both Mr. and
Mrs. Wilson havo received so many
gifts In the course of their stay In
Paris and their visit to England and
Italy that a large quantity of them
probably will have to be taken to
Washington on an army transport.
Gifts of all kinds and of all values
began pouring In the day President
Wilson arrived nnd they still are com
ing In In a never ending stream. They
come from all classes of people.
Many of the presents are priceless, but
the President values most those having
a sentimental appeal. These have come
principally from children not only In
France but from all over Europe and
also from families In Entente countries
which have Buffered by tho war.
Kverr Olft Preserved.
President Wilson has directed that
every one should be formally acknowl
edged. Sometimes In response to a
particularly touching message accom
panying the gifts lie writes a personal
acknowledgment but the pressure on his
!mA I. w fr.-t thnt hp rannnt da so for
all. Nevertheless, every elfr. no matter
King Accepts Four Resigna
tions and Fills Vacancies
at Once.
Nitti, Ex-Minister of Treas
ury, Said to Have Coveted
Rome. Jan. 19. King Victor Em
manuel has accepted the resignations
of four members of the Ministry nnd
has reorganized the Cabinet
It was
announced officially yesterday that nil
the members of the Cabinet had placed
their portfolios at the disposal of Pre
mier Orlando to assist him In the re
construction of the Ministry. To-day
It became known that tho King had
nccepted four resignations nnd filled
the vacancies.
It Is significant that among the
resignations accepted Is that of Slgnor
Nlttl. Minister of the Treasury, who
has been an active opponent of lre
mler Orlando while the latter has been
attending the peace discussions in
Paris. In some quarters It was as
serted that Slgnor Nlttl aspired to
leadership and was taking advantage
of the absence of the Premier to press
his ambitions. The official announce
ment of the changes In the Cabinet
"King Victor Kmmauuel nccepted the
resignations of Slgnor Sacchl, Minister
of Justice; Slgnor Nlttl. Minister of the
Treasury; Slgnor Mlllani, Minister of
Agriculture, and Slgnor Villa. Minister
of Tranpnrt. He has deslcnated Slgnor
Facta, former Minister of Finance, to be
Minister of Justice ; Slgnor -Rtrlngher. to
be Minister of the Treasury; Gen.
Cavlglia, to be Minister of War; Gen.
ntrardtnl. lo be Minister of Pensions;
Slgnor Rlcclo, former Minister of Posts
and Telegraphs, to be Minister of Agri
culture, and Slgnor de Nava, a member
of the Boselli Ministry, to be Minister of
"There has been created a post or
Vice-Premier during the absence of Pre
mier Orlando, Slgnor Villa has been
designated for this place, A minister of
reconstruction for Invaded territory has
been created and Slgnor Fradeletto, for
mer Minister of Public Instruction, will
be chief."
English Premier Catches Offi
cial Interpreter's Error.
RV th4 Auociattd Press.
Paris, Jan. 19. Premier Lloyd George
demonstrated his command of the
French language durln? the first session
of the Peace Congress. In his address
seconding President Wilson's speech
nominating Premier Clemenceau as pres.
Ident, Mr. Lloyd George referred to the
venerable French statesman as "the
grand young man of France "
Inside the great horseshoe Hat Lieut.
Mautnux, who has been derlbed as on
nf the world'B greatest Interpreters.
When he read a French
Moyd treorge s nddre
French translation of
ss be construed
the phrase quoted to "the grand old
man of Frunre "
The British Premier .it nine piotested 1
ngAlnst the translation, which was
ihangcd amid the Inug'iter of the del-
Pavori Auatrn-tiernmn Union.
Vienna, via Amsterdam, Jan, 19.
Dr. Otto Bauer, tho Foreign Minister of
German Austria, In an election speech
yesterday Indorsed the union of German
Auitrla with Germany.
how Insignificant, Is carefully preserved.
Many of them undoubtedly will flnt
places. In the White House because the
President doe not feel they were given
to him wholly personally.
All arrangements have been made for
President Wilson's visits to the Ameri
can battlefields nnd to some of the dev
astated regions of noTthern France, but
the time has not been Pxed. The visits
will depend wholly upon the procedure
of the Peaco Conference and the turn of
affairs In the meetings.
President Wilson probably will travel
by train, having army motor cars meet
him at different points for a tour of the
region surrounding the stopping places.
Brussels on Upturn Trip.
It now appears tho President's visit to
Brussels will be deferred until he Is
ready to depart for homo. One plan un
der consideration Is for Mr. Wilson to
leave Paris on a special train which will
carry the whole Presidential party to the
Belgian capital. From there the Presi
dent will go direct to Calais without re
turning to Paris, crossing tho English
Channel and sailing from some English
President Wilson remained at home in
the Murat mansion this morning. He
spent the forenoon resting or working
In his study
Transformation of Peace Con
ference Into High Courtis
Clemenceau Also Favors Dras
tic Step in Return for
France's Suffering.
Spfcial R'freMf Dffpalcl, lo THt Ft v.
Copyright. JW; oil right! rtarry td
Paris, Jan. 19. The transformation
J OI lnp t eace t. onierenqe imo a iiiku
court, or at least Into n kind of nlgn
grand Jury, to sit In Judgment upon
the Kaiser and all those responsible
for the war Is the outlook Indicated by
the opening session yesterday. The
flruf niiABltnn nrt ,n nriMl- nf the flV
., 11 in. i .i,
was as to the responsibility for the
war and the second was that of re-i The plan may or may not bo pre
sponsiblllty for the crimes committed sented In open conference, hut It cer
during the war.
After the adjournment a member of
the American delegation said the onm
mission had not formulated any Ideas
on this subject and had not discussed
It. It certainly had not drawn up a
memorandum or draft for presenta
tion to the Peace Conference, as pro
vided by the decision taken yesterday.
The Americans were aomewhat sur
prised when priority waa given this
matter. The meaning of it almost cer
tainly Is nothing more or lejis than the
desire of the French and British to
bring William Hnhenzollern to the bar
of Justice, Instituting tho greatest crim
inal action In history, for which there Is
no provision In International law About
the only parallel ! th exile nf Vnpoteon
to Elba and St Helena
The dramatic aspect of the affair
makes a strong appeal to the French.
That the Peace Congress should be held
In Paris under the presidency of the
Prime Minister of France and should
propose Immediately to punish the
former Emperor of Germany practically
on the anniversary of the founding of
that empire upon the supposed ashes of
France at Versailles forty-eight years
ago gratifies their sense of poetlo Jus
tice The real reasons actuating the diplo
mats are that the Lloyd George Govern,
ment -aaa returned to power by the
British electorate on the understanding
that It would make Germany pa., so
that the punishment of the Kaler Is
practically an election promise to the
British people. The Idea has been long
suported by them The Ihigllsh have
hatt-d the Kaiser personally for years
and In France aim the feeling of bitter
ness Is naturally erv Intense.
Premier Clemenceau favors almost
anything that will punish those who
have devantated northern France and
spread sorrow Into almost every French
home. He believes the punishment of
those responsible for tho war will help
to keep Franco safe from attack In the
French Experts Recommend i
Action in Report.
I'lllin, .Ian IH Sumo minn- in 1 in rr-
port to which Premier Clemen, e.m re.,
ferred yrterday when he s.ihl he hnd
consulted two fmluent Jirists 011 the
jenal responsibility of the former Ger
man Emperor were made public to-day
Tho report was drawn up by Ferdinand
Larnaude, dean of the Paris law fac
ulty, and Dr. A. G. de I-tpradalle, pro-
Conilaatecf on Second Vagt,
Five Powers Also to Decide
Freedom of Seas, Arma
ment and Colonies.
Lloyd George Likewise Fa
vors Methods to Insure
Early Conclusions.
All Subjects Introduced to Be
Debated Only in the Coun
cil of Lenders.
nr iiAtinF.Ncn hills.
Staff Corrcipondent 0 The Sum.
Copyrioht, IMS! oil rightt rctrried,
Paris. .Ian. JO. The attual Peac
Congress probably will begin on Tues
day. There will bo n meeting to-morrow,
but these early sessions will be
largely for the purpose of putting in
memorandn. How much opm discus
sion there will be Is still a question
and for n time at least there Is likely
to be more Interest In the continuation
of the conferences of the leaders.
It Is In these conferences that the
problems of the lengue of nntlons, tha
freedom of the seas, the limitation of
armaments nnd the disposition of the
German colonies must he settled, as
Ute caucus of the chief leaders will
determine tlw action of the congress.
The congress will go through the form
of receiving suggestions, but the lead
ers, meeting alone, will work out the
main (Mints.
Anglo-American Want Speed.
These conferences of the leadens
have made slow progress so far In get
Ing at the details of the big questions,
but It Is believed that tbey bave"pr
pared now what agreements nre pos
sible regarding the plan for n leagu
of nntlons and Its related problems.
It Is apparent that Premier Lloyd
George d President Wilson nr
working for tpeed In the conference
nnd are hopeful of breaking the rec
ord, believing It nitty he poslhlp to
complete the work in a few months.
Premier Clemenceau Is a good chair
man for this purpose.
With life league of nations the first
subject to be Inkeu up In the second
session the lime seems to Iihc nrrivexl
for the publication of the American
suggestions. It was repeated to-day
that the American plnn virtually has
been shaped and probably will be gone
over nt to-morrow's meeting of the
coiuniltislon wllh the President.
Certnln to Come I'p In Conncll.
ralnly will be taken up by the Pies'
dent with the allied bends. The Amo.
loin commission (oos not Intend tc
Hike tip the matter of the prosecution
of the Kaiser; it is content to leave
thU to the French, who will appear
in the light of prosecutors.
After the udjournment of the ses
sion yesterday there was an Interest
ing scene In the council chamber, with
all Its Imposing setting, flashing colors,
golden chairs, tables strewn with pa
iers. Including many copies of the
programmo of the procedure for re
modelling the world, newly printed.
The men who nre to do the remodel
ling rop from their place, many of
them positively stretching thennvMie.
mid broke Into little groups or saun
tered About shaking hand and dilu
ting. Illlss Confers With smut..
(Sen. Hllss asked Premier Hntha lo
introduce him to Gen. Smuts nnd In 11
moment they wen talking like old
friend. Premier I'ndiltcli of Serbia,
with nn enormous white beard reach
ing to his chest, facetiously counted
the six Mars upon Marshal Koch's
Two Chinese delegate asked an In
terpreter if their knowledge of Knc;
llli had been good enough to give
them the right Idea of the joke during
Lloyd George's peech upon Clemen
enti, who hud Just slapped the tall
turlianntsl form of the Maharajah of
Rlkunner 011 the hack and turned 10
reply In Kngllsh to the shouted in
quiry of Lloyd George a to the time
Unt the next session : ".Monday morn
ing; ten-thirty."
Secretary I.nulng went out to nn
alcove where sundry aid and secre
taries already had gathered about a
big tea table and drank lea and nte
cakes that were uiisw eeteiirsl, comply
ing wllh the French food restrictions.
Wilson ltrtiliiln nt Tiililr,
I'le-ideiii U'IKon reiuiiineil .nwi
1,.., .,1
liu place at the head of t In
tultlo talklns to various delegate
Foreign Minister Balfour, Premier
Lloyd George mnl others. Most of
tho time he remained in comparative
Isolation because of hi Inability to
speak French.
It was on the whole n scene of dem-1

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