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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, January 20, 1919, Image 2

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THE SUN, MONDAY, JAU&RY 20, 1919.
2
ocrnllc nspcct, t lie licntls of tho lead
Ink nations ot Uio world hobnobbing
with one ntiothrr while nttontlants
Hjurrlcd nliout petting tiling to
right ninl secrcturlt'd gathered tip
pijicifj Into portfolios. Outside the
oily sound wns the honking of
tbo horns of tasJeab, while the blue
rind pollus stood leanlnR wearily on
Ihelr Ions rifles, waiting to present
orms when I'rehldcnt Wilson should
leave It was nn odd ending of n mo
mentous ninety minutes.
RULES OF PROCEDURE
ADOPTED BY COUNCIL
inar Nntinnn to Be Heard
Upon Call.
By lUt AiwMnt Fifi'.
Pari, Jan. 19. Tho machinery pro
pared for the first session of the Peace
Conference Saturday functioned so per
fectly and nnoothly that few persons
unacquainted i Ith secretarial methods
in conducting such International gather
ings reallied Just what wan beliu; done
and what had been accomplished when
sr. CIcmenceau, permament chairman of
the conference, abruptly announced tho
adjournment of the session.
In fact tho conference not only effected
Its organization mit tt actually embarked
npon the execution of a most ambitious
programme In tho adoption of what ofll
elally Ia designated as the agenda, which
ln Kngllah means "order of buslnsss."
Some of the delegates themselves ex
pressed surprise at the precedence given
on the programmo to hucIi subjects ns
responsibility for tho war. and particu
larly at tho prominence given Interna
tional labor problems, while, such Im
portant subjects ns the league of na
tions and freedom of the sens did not
appear on the agenda.
"Will 'ot Delay Consideration.
It was pointed out to-day that tho
absence of theso subjects from tho pro
gramme was not due cither to oversight
or a desire to delay their consideration
and that no delay would result. Topics
oi the order of business have been al
most automatically referred to varfous
delegations, which .will report on them
as, soon as they are read.
Meantime, the Peace Conference Itself
tniy concentrate Its attention on other
questions, especially a league of nations,
which M. Clemenccau in his address suid
would be first in order.
The method thus adopted is expected
to advance rather than to delay action
on the most Important questions.
The nations composing the supreme
council, according to the regulations, are
to., take part In all the sittings', while
the other nations are to be represented
only when questions In which they arc
specially Interested are discussed.
The conference has solved the delicate
question of etiquette In selecting four
vice-presidents, who are to preside In
turn In the absence of SI. CIcmenceau.
Secretary of State Lansing has been
chosen to act in this capacity for the
United States delegation, which will
leave President AVllson frce'to come and
so at will on the floor of the conference,
and, it was said to-day, even to leave
for the United Status without sacrificing
any advantage to America.
Pending tye call for the next session
of the conference, which has been ud
Journed without date, the Supreme Coun
cil will meet to-morrow to continue work
on the programme, and, in execution of
the promise of M. Clemenceau that the
question of a league of nations would
take first place It will endeavor to weld
together some of the projects which have
been under separate consideration by
different delegation. Tf tt Is Imposslbje
to reduce them to one plan it Is cx
necteri thev will lie classlfNst rind nut intn
compact form for consideration by t .e '
conference as early as possible.
The American delegation will, take the
initiative In this work, and to-morrow
will lay what may be called the Ameri
can plan before the council If the coun
cil la ready to take it up.
notes nf rrorednre,
Following are tho Peace Conference
regulations, which were made public offi
cially to-day:
Section 1. The. conference assem
bled to fix tho conditions of peace,
Slrst in the preliminaries of peace and
then in the definite treaty of peace,
shall Include the representatives of the
belligerent allied and associated
Powers.
The belligerent Powers with Bener.il
Interests the United States of Amer
ica, the British nmplte, France. Italy
and Japan shall take part In all
meetings and commissions.
The belligent Powers with particular
Interests Belgium, Brazil, the British
dominions hnd India, China, .Cuba.
Greece, Guatemala, Haytl, Hedjaz,
Honduras. Liberia, Nicaragua, Pan
ama. Poland, Portugal. Rumania,
Ferbla, Slam and the Crccho-Slovak
republic shall take part In the sittings
nt which questions concerning them are
discussed.
The Powers In a state of diplomatic
rupturo with tho enemy Powers
Hollvla, Kcuador. Peru and Uruguay
shall take part in Ihe cittlngd nt which
questions concerning them art dis
cussed. The neutral Powers and States in
process of formation may be heard
either orally or In writing when sum
moned by the Powers with general
Interests at sittings devoted n.py
rially to the rxumlimUuii of questions
directly concerning them, but only ho
far as these questions arc concerned.
Basis of Representation,
Section 2 The Powers shall lie rep
sented by plenipotentiary delegates to
the number of fivo for the United
(7i(,c? , ,,i,,-i ! n, iiiv ,, niiii Ill- ,
plre, France, Hh1 and Japan, three
for Belgium. Brazil and f-'erbta, t-o t
lor China Hitch, the King, of Hod- j
Jut. Poland. Portugal, IluniaiiiH, Sia.ij I
and the Czechoslovak Hepublle, one '
tor Cuba. Guatemala. Ilayti, Hon
duras, Liberia. Nicaragua and Pan
ama, one for Bolivia, ileuador, Peru
and Uruguay.
Tho British dominion" and India
shall be represented as follows: Two
delegates each for Australia, Canadn,
South Africa and India, Including the
native States; one delegate from New
Zealand.
Although the number nf delegates
may not execed the llgures above men
tioned, each delegation has the right
to avail Itself of the panel system. The
representation of the dominions. In
cluding Newfoundland, and of India
ina" Ii4 Included In tho repiesentnion
of the British Umpire by tha panel
system.
Itusstau Itepresentn Hon luieitlrd,
Montenegro shall be represented by
one delegate, but the rules concern
ing the designation of this delegate
shall not be fjxed until the' moment
when the political situation, of this
country shall have been cleared up.
The conditions of the representation
of nusila shall be fixed by the confer
ence nt the moment when the matters
concerning Russia are examined,
faction 3. Kach delegation of plenl.
potentlarlcn may be nceompaiilud by
ch.'ileul delegate propmly accnrtltvd
i.ml i 'trnographers
Tl'e f( hniral delegates (may be pres.
'n' at in .sltttiifi fo iho purl osc n..
furiilslilti Inf'irnia'ion whim may he
Hcd of them. They shall be allowed
to speak, for tho purpose of giving any
desired explanation.
Section 4, The delegates take prece
tliuo according to the a'r,liStlcal
order. In French, of the Powers.
S'tlton 5 The clBterencc will be de
clared open by the President of the
French Republic. Tho president of the
council of French Ministers nil) 1 In
vested temporarily with the chairman
ship Immediately after this. (M.
C'lematiceau since has been elected
permanent chairman of tho confer
ence. A committee composed of one
plenipotentiary of each of the great
allied or associated Powers shnll pro
rcd nt once to tho authentlcatlan of
the credentials of all the members
present.
Section fi. In the course of the first
meeting the conference will proceed to
appoint ji permanent president and
four vice-presidents, chosen from the
plenlpotentlsrles of the gTcat Powers
In alphabetical order.
Unties of Secretariat.
Section 7 A secretariat, appointed
from outsldo the plenipotentiaries,
composed of one representative of the
United States, of America, one of the
British Umpire, ono of France, ono
of Italy and one of Japan will bo sub
mitted to tint approval of the confer
ei. u by the President, who will be
tho controlling authority rcsponslbls
for it:l operations.
This serrotarlat nil! ho entrusted
with the can. of draftlrg the proto
cols of tho meeting, of classifying tho
archive, of providing for the admin
istration and organisation ot tho con
ference hrid generally of Insuring
the regular nnd punctual working
of the service entrusted to It. Tho
head of the secretariat shall liavo
charge of and be responsible for the
protocols and archives.
The archives will always bo open
to members of the conference.
Section S The publicity of the pro
ceedings shall be Insured by official
communiques prepared by the secre
tariat and made public. In ease of
disagreement ns to the drafting of
these communiques, the matter shall
bo referred to tho principal plenipo
tentiaries or their representatives.
Section 9 Heserved.
Section 10 All documents Intended
for Inclusion In tho protocols must no
handed In In writing by tho plenipoten
tiaries presenting them. No document
of a proposition may be submitted
save by one oft-tho plenipotentiaries
or in his name.
Disposal ur Petition. .
Section 11 Plenipotentiaries wish
ing to make a proposal not connected
with tho question on the agenda or
not arising from the discussion shall
give notice of the same twenty-four
hours In advance. In order to facili
tate the discussions. However, ex
ceptions can be made to this rule In
the ease of amendments or secondary
questions, but not In the case of sub
stantive proposals.
Section 12 Petitions, memoranda,
observations or documents forwarded
to the conference hy any persons other
than plenipotentiaries mut be re
ceived nnd classified by the secreta
riat. Such of theso communications
as are political will be briefly sum
marized In a lino to be distributed to
all tho plrnlpotcntlarirs. This llbt will
be kept up to date as analagous com
munications are received. All sueu
documents will be deposited in the'
archives.
Section IS The discussion of the
question to be decided will comprise
h first and erond reading. The first
uill consist of the general subject,
with the,obJrct of obtaining nn agree
ment on matters of Importance. Sub
sequently there will bei second read
ing for a more detailed examination,
Technical Advice Provided For.
Section IS The plenipotentiaries
shall havo the right, mibject to the
agreement with the conference, to
authorize their technical delegates to
submit technical cplanatlons on such
points as may bo deemed lawful.
If the conference thinks advisable
the technical examination of any par
ticular qucst.on may :. entrurted to a
committee of technical delegates
v. hone duty villi be to teport and sus
gest solutions. '
Section 15 The protocols drawn up
by the secretariat shall be printed and
distributed In proof to tho delegates In
the thortest possible time. To ex
pedite the 'work by tho conference the
communications thus made In advance
"shall take the place of the reading of
the protocols at the beginning of each
meeting. If no alteration is proposed
by the plenipotentiaries' tho text shall
be deemed approved and entered In
the archives. ,
If any alteration is proposed Its
text shall be rc.td by the President
at the beginning of the following
meeting. In any cae the protocol
must he read out In full nt the request
of any plenipotentiary.
Section 16 A committee shall ne
formed for drafting the revolution
adopted. This committee shall con
cern Itself only with questions which
havo been decided. Its sole duty shall
be to draw up the text of the decision
adopted and to present It for the
approval of the conference.
It shall be composed of five mem
bers not forming part of the plenipo
tentiary delegates and composed of
one representative of tho United
States of America, one of the British
Umpire, one of France, one of Italy
and one of Japan.
FRENCH "DEMOCRATS"
JOIN PUBLICITY PLEA
Journalists Also Ask Re
moval of Censorship.
Dv e rocfafd rrtls.
Pnts, Jan. 19. Representatives of
tho American and British press met In
tho Chamber of Deputies to-day the
representatives of the syndicate of "the
Fionch democratic press," which la com-1-osed
mostly of Socialists and other op
position newspapers. The French news
paper men thanked the America o Jour
nalists tor their attitude on the question
of publicity at ths procredlngs of the
Pore Conference and announced thnt
Hie legnlut'ons of th confemice as pub
lished weie unacceptable to them
The French Journalists also said they
favored complete abolition of tho censor
ship for France, as well us for the
United States nnd fireat Britain, and
freedom to confer with the delegates to
the Pence Conference, and also that they
desired open sessions of tho conference
and the admission of at least one repre
sentative for each newspaper.
An effort will bo made to call a fuller
conference of the representatives of the
press of all nations. The Socialist news
paper men disavowed tho expressions of
oilier French Journalists against open
sessions of the conference. They said
they were iot present at the previous
conference of the Journalists, because
thev had not been Invited or Informed
that such a meeting was to be held.
GEN. DU PONT TALKS ON WAR.
Defend Y. 1I. C. A., Nnylnit Tt
Ilrrom 'Were Uxcnnble,
OcnT. Coleman du Pont, rocently re
turned from France, spoke last night
at the Swedenborglan Church, Thirty
fifth street and Park avenuo, and related
somo of his experiences In the war zone
lie said that the feeling of tho French
that tho American holdlers had atrlved
too late vn turned Into enthusiasm
after CltKteuu Thierry
'Iho war has ruined honker ami pn p.
trt in the agricultural legions nf
Fruncc, he said, but tho hull has not suf
fered In fertility thiough distuibance by
shell fire, tlen, du Pont paid high tribute
to the V. M. C. A., Salvation Army and
Knights of Columbus, a.id expressed tho
belief that errors made by tho V. M. C,
A., if any, nr Jui to tho derangement
of administration caused by tha con
fusion ot wan,
LEAGUE PLAN SOON
TO BE ANNOUNCED
Wilson, Cecil, Smuts ami
Hourgcois Hold Long
Conference.
NO SUPEH-S0VEKEK1XTY
Scheme to Be Adopted in
Principle First, With
Clinnges Later.
Hi the Aisoci'Mtd. I'rfit.
Paris. Jan 10. IMIIcrs at the P.tls
White House to-day wero Senator I-eon
Bourgeois, the league of nations special
1st on the French peace delegation : lird
Robert Cecil, who occupies n similar post
for tho British, and (Sen, Jan Christian
Smuts, ihj South African leader, who
also has plan for a sbclety f natloas.
President Wilson thus had an oppor
tunity to discuss the French and British
viewpoints on this question nnd to get
further ahead with the. work of reconcil
ing the different project with IiIh own
Ideas.
Tho plans for a league have been re
duced to definite form. The. general Indi
cations are that tha statesmen of the
principal nations are steadily drawing
together on a structure which will have
tho support of all, the informal dis
cussions having brounht tho community
of Ideas to a point where It may reason
ably be expected soon to appear on pnper.
It Is understood that the general plan
which Is now most approved In substance
by alt the parties concerned rejects the
theory of the supersoverelgnty of an In
ternational police force. It also contem
plates tho working out, as the develop
ment of tho league progresses, of the
most delicate question of all disarma
ment which particularly affects the
British navy. The same principle. It Is
proposed, shall apply to the other na
tions associated In the war against Ger
many. This Idea Is founded on tho argument
that no nation would dispose of Instru
ments hy which It expects to defend It
self until It has been demonstrated that
the forces proposed ns a substitute will
be efficient.
In the opinion of International law
yers such decisions will remove from
actual settlement by the Poaco Con
ference, at th! sitting at least, many
questions on which complete agree
ment might not be expected now, but
upon which full accord seems probable
as the development of the plans for a
league of mtlons advances.
Such a plan will delegtte to various
commissions) and committer! detnlfed
problems which shall be reported with
recommendations to the letgue Itself.
The ptobablllty of "uch .'i pUn being
adopted JuMtines previous forecasts that
the principal accomplishments of the
Peace Confereneeas It now sits In Paris
will he ngreerrent'nn broad general prlft
clples, leaving the details to be applied
In accord therewith, and the making of
a preliminary peaco which will return
the world at the earliest moment pos
sible to Us normal status.
COUNCIL TO DECIDE
PROBLEM OF LABOR
Rights of Workers Put Well
Up on Programme.
By 1f wt'ir i Vfst
P.r.i.' . Jan 1? T.ie possibility thit
the di viand for labor In debt crushed
European countries may cause a slack
onlmt of the laws for the protection of
workers will be the starting point of tho
consideration of the subject or Inter
national lalior. which was placed ester
day on the conference programme after
responsibility for the war and punish
ment of the crimes committed during
hostilities.
The conference, recognizing the Inter
dependence of nil nations. It Is learned,
will base Its discussion on the work of
the Leeds labor conference In July, 191(1,
which approved the resolution Introduced
by I.eon Jouhau'C. then seeretsry of tho
French Federation of Itbor, declaring
that the ieaee treaty should "insure to
the labor clashes of every country, free
from '.nternal'or.n! capitalistic competi
tion, n minimum rf moral nnd material
guarantee! relative to the following
poltlth
"P.t?lit of employment, right of labor
organization, change of residence, social
Insurance, propr.r hygienic conditions,
security of Isbor, freedom to work In
any country whers employment Is avail
able under equal conditions with lis
citizens, Institution In nil countries of
sickness, accident, unr mployment and
old age Insurance, prohibition of labor
by children under 14 years, prohibition
of nightwork for women nnd for adoles
cents under IS. broadening of legls'.a
tlou to Insure the health and safety of
wvkr nnd the creation of both na
tional and International bod!cs to study,
codify nnd interpret laws affecting labor
conditions."
This programme, communicated
through the Scandinavian trades union
ut Bern In October, 1?IT, by the rep
resentatives of labor organlratlons in
Clermany, Austria. Hungary, Bohemia,
Bulgaria, Denmark, Sweden, IltHan
nnd Switzerland, was approved by nil
of them.
It Is recalled that the American Fed
eration of Labor voted for portions of
this programmo In Buffalo and that the
statement of the war alms of the British
Iibor party contemplated an Interna
tional labor council with similar objects.
FORMATION OF NEW
GERMANY SOUGHT
Peace Delegation Will Confer
Regarding It.
London, Jan. 19. A Herman wireless
despatch received hero to-day announc
ing tho formation of a German delega
tion to attend tho Peace Conference In
Paris says tho delegation will confer
regarding the formation of a new Ger
many. The Government In dUcussIng
the question was agreed that every
thing must 1, done to carry out the
stipulations within th" limitations of
President Wilson's programma nnd the
delegation must decline demands cx
ccvdtht; that piogramme.
i ter giving the points as wired fr i
I it .a tho desputch says the delegation
I7, havo to support nn Immediate m -i-ru
1 arrangement based upon justice
t'er Imports of raw materials and food
stuffa, and also strive to provide for a
future economic rapprochement with
the nations on conditions as far as
possible equitable.
The despatch concludes by eaylng
that the attention of the German repre
scntatlves had been drawn finally to
the establishment of a lengue of nations
in the spirit of President Wilson's pro
posals and also In connection therewith
to the Betting up of an International
court of arbitration, because only by
Ihls means can a, state of lasting peace
bo guaranteed
Jrlllxli CruNer In l-llimt Vet.
Xoi'.l'ol.K, Va . Jan. 1?. Tho Brltlrh
crulwer Warrior, which i an afoul a
submarine net In Chesapeake Bay yes
terday, was toned to Hampton Iloads
by naval tugs. Divers have as yet been
unable to move the wlrrt from the ship's
propellers and It may be necessary to
dock tho vessel.
Germans Mobilizing
2 Corps Against Poles
yiENXA, via Basel, Jon. 10.
It is announced in diplo
matic circles here that the num
ber of troops tho Germans are
mobilizing under Field Marshal
von Woyrsch for counteracting a
Polish invasion of Germany will
aggregate two army corps (be
tween 75,000 and 100,000 men).
URGE SPECIAL COURT
TO TRY WILHELM
C'oHiiiHfd from f'trst Page,
feasor of rights of nation Iti the fame
faculty,
Tho object of Ihe inquliy was to In
vestljato from a purely Jurldiclal point
of view If the crime committed by the
Gcnnan Government and army Involved
the penal responsibility of the former
German Kmperor, what tribunal should
Judgo him and whether Ills extradition
could be demanded.
The authors of the report give a long
argument against tho bringing of the ex
Emperor before a tribunal of common
law, becauso his will commanded but
his hand did not execute. They say that
he was not the principal offender and
that therefore he could only be punished
as. nn accomplice. An International
tribunal consequently must be found.
Thoy consider that the Hague arbi
tration court, founded nt tho 1S9D con
ference, is Incompetent to try the
Emperor, as the court was meant for
cases) where no penalty is to be applied.
They argue that an entirely new Juris
diction must be created, which should be
tho first Instrument of n league of na
tions and in which should appear ex
clusively the States which fought Ger
many. The to French Jurists provo that tho
extradition of the former German ruler
cannot be refused, as ho Is not a political
refugee. The report says:
"It Is anti.Jurlillc.il to assimilate war
with conspiracy. Crimes of war arc
crimes of public law and International
law. not political crimes."
Tho authors ot the report besln their
argument by establishing that no pen
nlty is poMdblo ngalnst n nation any
more than against a company, but that
the manager Nor director of a company
can be punished.
"The Kmperor, in the first place,"
says the report, "as King of Prussia Is
President of the confederation by virtue
of a special law In which human will
does not enter The German eoerclgn
depends only on God and the tword.
With such n conception of power It
oud be unjurldlcul to the highest
degree to allow the Kmperor to eecapo
responsibility for hl. action. The de
cision belonged to lilm ulone. his re
sponsibility for violation of Belgian
ncutralltj, which was willed by him:
responsibility for acU of terrorism by
his troops, n hlr.h ha willed and or
dered." The report quotes a letter from the
former Kmperor to the Kmperor of Aus
tria In tho cnrly days of the war In
which the German Kmperor wrote :
"My soul Is torn asunder, but every
thing must ho put to Are and blood.
The throats of men and women, chil
dren nnd the aged must be cut nnd
not a tree nor a house left standing.
"With such methods of terror, which
alone can strike so degenerate a people
as the French, the war will finish be
fore two months, while If 1 use hu
manitarian methods It may prolong for
year? Despite all m repugnance I
have had to choose the first system "
The words "I" nnd "my" In the
letter nit Italicised In the report
"Modern law," the report continue",
"does not recognise Irresponsible au
thorities, even at the summit of hier
archy It brings n state dnt-n from
Its pedestal and makes it submit to the
rule of the Judge.
'There can. therefore, be no question
of having from the Judfce n. man who
Is nt the tummlt of hierarchy, either
by the application of Internal law or
of International law "
WILHELM'S HEALTH BETTER.
Former Knhrr Itrnamr IIU Tlcr
Dully Walks.
f
r.y lt A.-ociottd r...
Ai:nto.or..N-, Holland, Jan. 13. Will
iam Hohennollern Is greatly improved In
health. He t uble to walk In the cas
tle grounds In the morning and after
noon. In the evening ho enjoya a par
lor concert In the c.istle, where threo
members of his suite perform on. the
piano, harp and violoncello.
Apparently his only distraction Is the
week end official visit from tho secre
tary of, the Putph Premier and the Gov
ernor of UtreeUt. Count Lydnen van
Sandenburg, ho are charged with sur
veillance over the former monarch.
To-day the ei-Kmperor attended a
chur,-h service In the castle.
'HEDJAZ APPEAL TO U, 3
King's Son, In Pnrls to Attend Con
ference, Tells Alms,
Paws, Jan. 19. Prince Felsal, a son
of the King of tho Hedjaz In Arabia, ,UJ
In Paris awaiting Instructions from his
rlhor concerning the appointment of
two delegates to represent the Hedjaz
kingdom at the peaco conference. Col.
Law! nice, who accompanies tho young
Prince ns n aid, expects Felsal himself
will be chosen as the flirt delegato of
the kingdom of the Hedjaz In order to
give greater weight to the Important
propositions to be submitted to the
iiea 'o conference.
Th proposal will consist of
formation of a foderat'on of all
A i al States from tho Bed Sea M
tlie
the
the
IVrrlan Gulf, free from ntiy Tjiklsh
domination nnd under 'he protection of
the I'nlted StntiM.
"The Arobs of this most ancient
race.'' said Prince Felsal. using Col.
l.aience as Interpreter, "deslro to be
come tro youngest Independent State In
Asia, nnd they appeal to America as tho
most powerful protector of the freedom
of man," ,
m FOUNDED 185G
HE same
efficiency
enjoy is
identical
sVmaKc a cnoice, tnc same inenoiy
courtesy and intelligent sales
Brokaw Brothers
14-57-1463 BROADWAY
AT FORTY-SECOND STREET
ALL POLAND UNITES
IN A NEW NATION
radcrewski as Premier Brings
Fnctions Together for
Common Cause.
OBATEFUL TO AMERICA
Young Country Already Shows
First Fruits of Freedom
in Beduccd Costs.
By (,'. Aisoclattd 1'rttt.
Warsaw, Jan. IS (delayed). United
Poland appears to-day a new country,
with every mind turned to the future and
trying to forget the past. It Is as if
the people had come out of a nightmare.
Now their faces are emlllne and the
business men are beginning to make
plans for the boom they are sure Is
ahead. They reallio that Poland has
had tho priceless boon of liberty handed
to her by the allied victory and that they
will soon be able to enjoy the benefits
of It, despite tho many difficulties jet to
bo faced this winter.
One of the most significant facts Is
that the prices of commodities In the
markets and stores are boglnnlng to
drop. Just as they did In Prnjuo last
November with tho Inauguration of the
Czccho-Slovak Government. Subscrip
tions to the new loan amounted to
7,000,000 marks the rtrst day of tho can
vnss and are mounting hourly.
United by Paderesvskl.
Kven thoso parties which have not
been entirely cemented by the efforts of
lgnsce Jan Paderewskl, Premier nnd
Foreign Minister In tho new coalition
Cabinet, who has appealed to his coun
trymen to be Poles first and paity men
afterward, are now forgetting their old
differences. As an Instance, the Con
servative partlcB of the three Poland
met to-day and agreed to pull together
In the future. Tho Socialist parties,
which united their differences In order
to fight M. Paderen-skl, are now divided,
with some sections declaring for the
Paderewskl Government. '
Considerable credit Is being given to
former Premier Moraczcwskl, who from
tho arrival of St, Paderewskl t stated
that ho was willing to retire, as he felt
that SI. Paderewskl was able to present
a common front to the Holshclkt
within and without tho country, and
also to get help from the Allies and
especially from the United States. St.
Paderewskl icalles better than any
one else here that the United States will
prove the best help to new Poland. Re
garding Col. Kdward SI. House, whom
he knows will, M. Paderenrkl has said
at a public meeting :
"A monument should bo built In every
Polish town and village to Col. House."
SI. Paderewskl Is sending notice to-day
of the formation of tho now SUnlstry
to tho Allies and to the State Depart
ment at Washington,
i
err Coalition Ministry.
The full coalition Slinistrj' is com
rofd a follows:
Premier and Foreign Sllnlster. SI.
Paderewskl: StlnlsKrof tho Interior, SI.
U'oji lechowski : Sllnlster of Commerce,
St. Honda ; Sllnlster of Finance, St.
Kngllelf Minister of Public Health. SI.
.Ianlseewsk' . Minister of Communica
tion:,, SI. Kberhardt ; .Minister of Posts
snd Telegraphs. SI Linda. ; Sllnlster of
Agriculture. SI. Janlckl; Sllnlster of
Arts, St, przesmyckl; Sllnlkter of
Labor. Si. Ivonovskl ; Sllnlster of Food,
SI. Slinkiewlez ; Sllnlster of Justice, St
Sulnskl; Sllnlster of Public Works, sr.
Pruchnlk.
The three last named were members of
the Government of Premier Sloraczew
skl. The new Government has decided to
summon tho constituent diet February 9.
The Government's first decree has been
to order the obligatory recruitment of
men of the class of 1S9S.
In view of tho unsettled political con
d'tions here the public m general plvn
peel.il credit to SI Paderowrkl for hl
f oronal victory In overcoming old feuds.
It l.i worthy to record that the fact that
he is nn artist passed unnoted. It occur
ring to nobody to oppose him on that
ground with the argument that therefore
he was unfitted for a statesman's Job.
He has known Poland more as a patriot
than as a man who became wealthy
abroad through his Individual efforts. He
nd his wife are much beloved for their
kindly characters and their charities
since their arrival here.
Hoth St. Paderewskl and his wife have
worked night and day, travelling, seeing
callers and delegations and attending
public functions. It wn a common eight
for the correspondent to see him In the
early hours of the morning before he hud
gone to bed. Then, after sleeping a few
ho".rr. lie was tip ag'tln. "eelns rolltletins
nnd begging them for the love of Toland
to help him.
His greatest task was to handle Gen
eral Joseph Pllsudskl, the military head
of the country, who wished to permit
SI. Paderewskl to form a new ministry,
but was nfrald of precipitating a civil
war becauso of tho threats of the Social
ists. MAY FREE BOCHE PRISONERS.
Foeh tit llelease Those DcserrlnK
of Sympathy.
Amstkrpam. .Jan. Id Ueplyln lo a
letter fiom MnthUs. 'Krzberger, head of
the German nru.fstlee delegation, urg tig
the letiiru of German prisoners of war
and the relaxation of trade iiiotrlctloris
between unupled and unoccupied Gcr
ni my, Slarslml Foch said he Intende, to
recommend tho relurn of prisoners most
deserving sympathy.
He also was pr pared, he said, to per
mit an exchange of food between occu
pied and unoccupied Germany to an ex
tent which would obviate unemployment
and consequent disturbances.
high standard of clothes
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his every wish and desire.
SENATORS TO DROP
PUBLICITY DEBATES
Opinion Is Growing That Full
Pence Parlcj' Boports Mny
'Bo Impracticable.
BORAH STILL OBDURATE
Wilson's Folnt 1 Analyzed to
Show Advantages of Some
Secrecy In Discussions.
Special Vf patch to Tns Svx.
WAPiri.vnTON, Jan, 19. Although ad
vocates of full publicity with roipeet to
tho procedlngsi at the Peace Conference
again will bring this matter before the
Senate. It is not expected that the move
ment against tho decision of ths confer
ence to discuss all Important features In
camera will find much support here.
Administration Senators with a few
exceptions are expected to refrain 'from
pursuing a policy here which might em
barrass the President In Paris. Itepub
llcan leaders), particularly Senator Lodge
(Mass.), virtually havo Indorsed the
stand now taken by Premier Clemen
ccau. Senator Lodge In a recent speech
In the Senate opposed point one of the
President's fourteen points, providing for
open covenants of peaco openly arrived
at, Ac, on the ground that this theory
could not be carried out in actual prac
tice. There are somo leaders like Senator
Uorah (Idaho) who havo virtually In
sisted right along that every discussion
of every phase of the Peace Conference
should take place at completely open
sessions. There is no dlspostlon smong
the Senators generally to deny tho ab
stract righteousness c,f the Borah con
tention. But it Is nevertheless realized
by many that this plan may be quite
outside the bounds of practicality.
Point One Called Amblmnns.
It has never been entirely clear rcrs
Just what President Wilson meant when
he stated In point one that the peace
programme called for "open covenants
of peace, openly arrived at, after which
there shall be no private International
understandings of any kind, but diplo
macy shall proceed always franklyand
in the public view."
Officials here have said that the Pres
ident's idea was primarily to do away
with secret understandings between na
tions or i-ecret agreements entered Into
by Governments, with their peoples not
knowing the details or even the purport
of such agreements. Any compact be
tween two Governments to pledge their
peoples to certain lines of action with
out tho knowledge or consent of those
people would b a direct violation of
point one in the sens in which the
President meant It. The withholding
from publication to the world after the
peace conference of agreements reached
there would otherwise be a direct viola
tion of point one.
But President Wilson, despite tho
phraseology he used in drawing up
point one, did not mean that full pub
licity necessarily should attend all the
peace discussions, according to authori
tative opinion here. The President's
words, officials contend, must bo Inter
preted reasonably and must be re
garded as applying to the big Issues
between peoples snd not to tne prelimi
nary details concerning methods of
procedure.
Presents Premature Discussion.
There Is good reason to believe that
matters of particular Interest to the
American people, kuch as the league
of nations project, will be communicated
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3000 " ( 6 Patterns) Second Quality Inlaid 2.65
15000 " (rfl Patterns) Third Quality Inlaid 2.25
15000 " (52 Patterns) Special Quality Inlaid 1.75
10000 Yards 3-16 inch, Brown Battleship $3.30
11000 " 3-16 inch, Green Battleship 3.45
20000 " A Quality, Brown ' 2.50
15000 " A Quality, Green 2.65
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10000 " B Quality, Green 2.30
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to the United States Senate and to the
American public as soon as plans have
taken definite shape nt the peace table.
Thus a plan which the conference
deemed practicable, subject to the ap
proval of tho pcoplos concerned, would
at once become a matter for general
discussion and might stand or fall In
the faco of analysis.
Little would be accomplished, officials
explain, to mako public nn American
plan which had not been tentatively
agreed to or even eorlousTy considered
by tho conferees in Paris. Alt discus
sion of ths plan, approval or disapproval,
with attendant excitement among the
peoples concerned, might servo only to
Inject new complications Into tho peaco
parleys, all of which would be un
necessary tt the leaders concerned found
tho plan through some reason or other
Impractical or execution.
If an American league of nations
plan wero published there would be
no reason why a British plan or a
French plan or a Serbian plan or a
Chinese plan might not be published
at the same time. In order that the
! publlo might get n blrdseye view of all
proposals. Under these circumstances
tho peace conference, officials point
out, would degenerate Into an Interna
tional debate, with Individual opinions
In alt countries necessarily attempting
to usurp tho duties of the regularly
appointed peace delegates.
PRINCE MAX SEEKS
THRONE OF GERMANY
Former Chancellor Said to Be
Backing Deep Plot.
Special VaMr. DnpatcA lo Tub sr.v
Copyright, lh: aJJ riahtt rtst'tid
London, Jan. 19. Tho plot of Prince
Max of Haden to obtain control of Gei
many by means of secret conferences
and orders to Chancellor Rbert Is a
deep laid scheme to rule over a re
United Germany as' Kmperor, according
to Information received here,
Tho conspiracy is to develop In
stages. It Is said, of which the first
already has passed. Immediately before
the downfall of Germany tho Prince
appeared on the threshhold.of Gorman
politics as a fullfledged democrat. He
resigned the Chancellorship and ap
parently was Interested only In a so
cialistic fatherland.
In the second Mage, according to these
reports, he will reappear and make a
bold bid for the Presidency of tho new
republic; In fact his name already has
been mentioned In certain circles In
Germany as the most likely President.
Kbert, Scheldemann and Noske are but
men of straw, preparing the way for
Prince Slax as President.
Afterward the Prince, who always lion
been a close 6tudent of Napoleon, will
scatter the revolution as the great
French leader did, and at the right mo
ment will proclaim himself Kmperor.
Sleanwhlle a minor conspiracy of the
same nature, but, unllko tho former, cer
tainly doomed to failure. Is that of
former Kaiser Karl, who has not the
brains of Prince Slax, but Is trying to
play a similar game
CHERIF PAShTtURKS ENVOY.
Full I'oirrr Given to lilm to Act
for Nation nt Pence Parley.
Genuva, Jan. 19. The congress of
Turkish Liberals assembled In this city
has delegnted Chcrlf Pasha to attend
tho Parts peaco conference and lias
given him full powers to act. He has
been instructed to present tho rights
and claims of the Turkish people and
also to tnke up the question of food for
Turkey.
At the opening of the Turkish con
gress telegrams wero despatched to
Prestdent Wilson and Premiers Clemen-
cenu, Lloyd George and cJrlando.
.shoemaker Kills Two AVonven,
Hvvhrhii.l, .Mass., Jan, IS. Joseph
K. Banforth, a shoe worker, murdered
Martha Graham and Minnie Ilanforth
l.ero to-night. He confessed to. the police.
PLAIN LINOLEUMS
o" m.vvw iunit∈ rvUC!
there is still a splendid selection of the 9 ft xl2 ft
Wilton Rufts at $78 formerly $125. Larjier
and smaller sizes at proportionate reductions
BRITISH CARE FOR
45,000 ARMENIANS
Bcfugccs Placed in Modern
Quarters 35 Miles From
Bagdad.
IBBIGATION UNDER WAY
Vast Territory Will Bo Avail
nlilc for Production
of Food.
London, Jan. ID. Thousands) of rf.
ugees from Armonla and eastern Hr'n
were sheltered nnd fed by the British
army In Slesopotamla during the wu
the work being of such a chnracter tint
It has been made tho subject ot a sp.
clal report Issued here to-day. Ths
statement follows: .
"Tho futuro destiny of Armenian and
eastern Syrian peoples who havo token
refuge with tho British In Mesopotamia
Is one of tho problems which the Peace
Congress must consider. At present in
the nrltish refugee c-vmp nt Bartubis,
thirty-three miles from Bagdad, tti
British are providing for 43,000 pcop a
of both races.
"The work of feeding, clothing and
housing these refugees, when the British
were still at grips with the Turks not
many miles nway, was a triumph of or
ganliatlon. The sudden Influx of sonis
60,000 people Into regions nlready de.
vaslated by tho ravages of war created
a situation of utmost difficulty. Ths
camp at Baqubas was hastily laid ou'
and In three weeks the refugees were
taken In at a rate of 1,000 a day. Sick
neas was rife and all tho refugees wers
In an emaciated condition.
"Providing clothing and food for the
additional numbers, when so much trans
port was needed for operations a!on
the Tigris River, was a marvellovn
achievement. To-day the camp Is or
ganized as efficiently as many Western
towns, the water supply and sanitation
Is perfect and three hospitals, all nioC
ernly equipped to meet medical require
ments, are In operation Nearly l.anl
orphans have been provided for nnd ths
whole population of the camp la begin
ning to recover from the horrors of their
exodus from their native lands.
"To return the.m to the same state of
Insecurity In which they lived so long
would be an International crime against
these people.
"An Important new Irrigation projei
was opened on January 10 at Slan
sureyah, on the Dlalea Ulver, some s
enty miles northeast of Bagdad. t
months ngo the British Irrigation de
partment commenced widening the chan
nel of the river there
"The new cannl is sK miles long a-4
without further work on It, water ran !
supplied for tho Irrigation of 30f om
acres and render cultivation possible a
far as the neighborhood if Bagdad.
"Tho opening ceremony was eairlel
out In the presence of many Arab land
owners, who hailed the completion o'
tho work as striking evidence of th"
good Intentions of tho British. The In
crease In wealth to the land thus irri
gated will certainly be considerable and
the Increased production of food will b
of great Importance."
Former I. S. ChnufTenr Ask Jobs,
Boston, Jan. 13. Three hundred
former chauffers of the army quarter
mif-ter's depot who were 'discharged
from their positions recently, voted to
day to parade to the Stato House to
morrow and appeal to Gov. Coolldge tn
help them find work. On Saturday the
men mnrched to City Hall and placed
their grievances before Slayor Auder J.
Peters.
LT
fr
3
L-v,
$225
1.95
1.75
1.35
$2.65
2,75
1.95
2.10
1.65
1.75
$2.25

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