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THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH 9, 1919.
Gen. Catlin Tells How "Devil Dogs" Cleaned Out Belleau Wood I UfirsEliC I MARINES ENTERING -ihe TRENCHES. i) by INTERNATIONAL FILM SERVICE Straight to Death Marched the U. S. Marines "With Heads Up and the Light of Battle in Their Eyes," Says Their Commander This is the second instalment of Brig.-Gen. Catlin's account of the United States Marines and their achievements in stopping last spring's German drive for Paris. Gen. Catlin, then Col. Catlin, com manded the Sixth Regiment of the Marines. In the initiah instalment, published last Sunday, he told how they were transported to France, trained in trench warfare under French supervision, "initiated" in a quiet sector,, where ihey first saw their dead, and then suddenly, at the end of May, ordered overnight to the crucial point in the breaking French line and there, before dawn of June 2, posted to receive the full shock of the German horde. A third and final instalment will be published March 16. By BRIG. -GEN. A. W. CATLIN. CIIAPTErt VI. (CONTINUED). CARRVINQ O.V. rK now faced the dark, sullen mystery of Belleau Wood. Berry on the west and Hol- comb on the south. That the wood was strongly held wo knew, and so wo waited. It was rolling country, with small woods scattered all about and farm land between. From many of the little hllla a good view could be ob tained of a considerable expanse of beautiful pastoral landscape. Of these woods Belleau was tho largest, being about two kilometers from north to south and something over a kilometer from cast to west. COMMANDER, in CHIEF of ike MARINE CORPS mfffltkd) GAS ALARM STARTS -Ac FLASHLIGHT SIGNALLING by CQrtMITTBB ON PUBLIC IN FORMA TIOAI . ON -ihe FIRING LINE ty COMMITTEE. Oft PUBLIC INFORMATION This Lieut. Eddy was a daredevil anyway, and loved nothing better than to stalk German sentries In Indian fashion and steal close to their lines. The Marine service has always at tracted men of that type. As I say, wo were looking for a sor tie, but none came, and In tho nfter- WE now faced tho dark, sullen noon we were ordered to attack at r. mystery of Belleau Vv'ood, p- M- The Germans must be driven , TT , out of Belleau Wood. ltri-i' on the vot ntirt TTnl There weie sound strategic reasons for this remarkable order. In the fir?' olace, pressure had to be relieve' northwest of Chateau Thierry tefon ; that position could be made secure Belleau Wood now formed a dangerous salient in our curving line, and to straighten that lino from the ad vanced position at the northwest down to Triangle Farm It was necessary to take In tho town of Bouresches and at least a part of tho wood. In the second place, Belleau Wood was too strong a natural fortress to, bo nllowed to remain In the hands of a A kilometer Is about three-fifths of ; " nVd nmllc. It was therefore, not a large machine gunners, forest, but !t loomed up before us' , , ' like a heavy, menacing frown In the landscape. It was a typical piece of well kept French woodland, which the foresters had thinned and Cared for and the big guns were coming up. For the Germans it formed a lose of at tack that threatened our whole lino to the south. So long as they held it tt endilan tlitMiet a ttnonlliln rt nni- ..... .11 . . , . t I ' Duuuiu tJitud nuo UUN It'JV UIIJ .-- ttint thn tnhiif sn-o d nf fa r U n V I , , , T tlme' nnd Buch a thrust might mean form Mzo and the underbrush fairly , untod dlsaster( probably tho aulck nd. there was some undergrowth and smaller trees and saplings. The timber wirs not large but grew very thickly. The trees were rather tall. I should say they would not average more than five or six inches In diameter, but they were set so closely that when our men got in they found they coulu -o not more than fifteen or twenty feet through tho wood, except where axo or shell vance on Paris. For us It was an ef fective barricade. The Allies could not advance with that thorn In their side. Tlie 1'robleiu nt Dellcnu AVood. Obviously Belleau Wood had to be taken nnd that right quickly, whether wo were to act successfully on the de fensive or on the offensive. It would have been suicidal to wait for the Ger man attack. An assumption of the fire had made small clearings. Belleau ' offensive was tho only solution. That Wood stood on high, rocky ground 'wo wero expected to succeed speaks nnd hid Innumerable gullies and boul der heaps. We wero nearer to the woods on tho volumes for tho confidence that we had won. Belleau Wood is longer than It Is f-outh than on tho west, and on both . wide, and the easiest way to tnko it flidei. open wheat fields lay between our waa from west t0 east- Otherwise wo lines and tho forest. From without It 'would have been plunging against the appeared almost impenetrable, and I enemy s deepest strength. there wero thoso open spaces to cross. Behind us lay the smaller woods whero our own reserves wero waiting. All through June 5 we .wallah with nothing of nW.uent occurring savo in creasing artillery tire on both sides. The sound of It was at times deafening. To this day I do not know why tho Germans did not attempt a sortie. As a matter of history, they never flid come out, for on tho following day the Marines went In. CIIAPTUrt VII. "GIVE 'EM HELL,, DOTS:" THE morning of Juno 6 found us holding the shortened line that I have Just described, with Berry's battalion of tho Fifth and Hoi comb's of the Sixth In front and Hlbley's of tho Sixth In Immediate sup port. That something was going on within those threatening woods we knew, for our intelligence men were not Idle. The report on this morning was to tho effect that tho Germans wero organizing in the woods and wero consolidating their machine gun positions, so that a sortlo In force teemed not unlikely. As a matter of fact, wo had been prepared for homethlng of the sort for nearly two days. On the night of tho fourth Lieut. Eddy, the Intelligence of ficer of the Sixth, with two men stolo through tho German lines nnd pene trated tho enemy country almost as Holcomb's battalion was ordered to hold tho line, while Sibley's was to ccme up, pass through it and make the attack on the southern section of the woods, starting In on the western side. Tho objectives for tho first at tack mentioned In tho orders wero the eastern edgo of tho woods and Bou resches. Berry's battalion waa to at tack from tho west on Sibley's left. The second prearranged objective was another section of the woods and a Una over the high ground south of Torcy. Tho French and tho rest of tho Fifth were to push on toward the north, with Torcy and tho rest of tho woods as tho ultlmato objective. As will bo seen, a part of theso objec tives wero attained promptly and de cisively, while others wero delayed. The orders to nttack nt 5 o'clock were written at brigade headquarters, about three kilometres in the rear, nt 2 P. M. At 3:45 a copy was-handed to mo by Lieut. Williams, Gen. Hnr bord's aide, who came up by motor .cycle, I was supposed to direct Berry's movements, though ho had also re ceived tho orders from his own regi mental headquarters. I telephoned at once to Berry's P. C. at Lucy, but his battalion was beyond reach and ho was himself in the woods in their rear, a mile away. It had lecn Impossible, on account of tho heavy shelling, to run a telephone out to him. I sent run ners, but I was sure they couldn't far as Torcy. They lay in a clover reach him before tho attack would rr.-.t ........ i! i t i ii . fluid iit-ur Mm loud and wutched the Germans filing past .them. They lis tened to tho talk and observed what van coins Into the woods. It waa a risky thing to do, but they brought back valuablo Information. have to bo made, No ono knows how mnny Germans were In thoso woods. I havo seen the estimate placed at 1,000, but there were certainly more thin that. It had been Imposslblo to get patrols Into the woods, but we knew they were full of machine guns and that the enemy had trench mortars there. We captured i flvo of their mlnnenwerfers later. So i far as wo knew there might have been I any number of men in there, but we j had to attack Just the same, nnd with but a handful. Sibley and Berry had a thousand I men each, but only half of these could be used for tho first rush, and as i Berry's position was problematical, it i was Sibley's stupendous task to lead j his 500 through the southern end of ! the wood clear to the eastern border If the attack was not to be u total fall iii e. Even to a Marine It seemed hardly men enough. The men knew in a general way what was expected of them nnd what they were up against, but I think only the officers realized tho almost impos sible task that lay before them. I knew, and the knowledge left me little comfort. But I had perfect confidence in tho men; that never faltered. That they might break never once entered my head. They might bo wiped out, I knew, but they would never break. I It was a clear, bright day. At that I season of the year It did not get dark (till about S:30, so we had three hours i of daylight ahead of us. As soon as I received the orders I got Holcomb and Sibley together at the former's headquarters, somo 500 yards back' of tho line. With map in hand I explained the situation to them with out trying to gloss over any of its dif ficulties and gave them their orders. I found them ready. As wo stood there Sibley's battalion was filing by into a ravine getting into position-. The two Majors passed on tho oral orders to the company commanders. With Capt. Laaplerre I went on to Lucy and from there to a point whero I could observo the action. As I went through Lucy I passed around the left of Sibley's men, now waiting in tlie shelter trenches, ready to go over tho top. The machine guns were in position, both those of the machine gun company of the Sixth and those of two companies of the machine gun battalion attached to the brigade. They wero Just back of tho front line. Each company had eight automatic rifles and eight in reserve; all were used. 3Irn CooMCid Il-ailr for lliiltlc. The men seemed cool, In good spirits and ready for the word to start. They were talking quietly among themselves. I spoke to several as I passed. Some ono has asked mo what I said, what final word of inspiration I gavo those men about to face sudden death. I am no speechmaker. If the truth must be told I think what I said was, "Glvo 'em hell, boys!" It was tho sort of thing the Marine understands. And that Is about what they did. Our artillery fired for half an hour, shelling the woods, but there was no artillery preparation in tho proper senso of tho term. They had no defi nite locations and were obliged to shell at random In a sort of hit or miss fire. It must have been largely miss. Tho German artillery, on the other hand, Increased its flro as Sibley's men weut Into line. Before us stood the frowning wood, with Its splintered trunks and shell shattered branches, nnd with the llttlo Jungles of undergrowth at the edge filled with threat and menace. It was like entering a dark room filled with assassins. Watches had been synchronized and no further orders were given. As tho hands touched the zero hour there was a single .shout, and lit exactly S o'clock the wholo line leaped up slmultane jusly and .started forward, Berry's COO and Sibley's 500, with tho others in support. Instantly tho beast In the wood bared his claws. Tho Boches wero ready and let loose a sickening machine gun and rlfto fire into tho teeth of which the marines advanced. The German artil lery in the woods increased the fury of its fire, and the big guns at Ballenu and Torcy, a mllo and a half away, pounded our ndvauclng lines. On Berry's front there was the oprn wheat Held, 400 yards or more wide winter wheat, still green but tall and headed out. Other cover thero was none. On Sibley's left thero was open grass land perhaps 200 yards wide; his right was close to the woods. Owing to the poor communications tho two battalions engaged in what wero virtually independent actions, and, as I had feared, Berry got the worst end of it. He had to face that wide open space, swept by machine gun fire, with a flanking fire from tho direction of Torcy. My eyes were on what Sibley's men wero doing, and I only knew In a. gen oral way what was happening to the battalion of the Fifth. But Floyd Gib bons, tho correspondent, was with Berry and saw It all. He was, In fact, seriously wounded himself and has lost an eye as a result. Gibbons says that the platoons started in good order and advanced steadily into tho field be tween clumps of woods. It was flat country with no protection of any sort except the bending wheat. Into a Hell of Hulled. The enemy opened up at once and It seemed, ho says, as If th air were full of red hot nails. The losses wero ter rific. Men fell on every hand there In tho open, leaving great gaps in the line. Berry was wounded In the arm but pressed on with tho blood running down his sleeve. Into a veritable hell of hissing bul lets, into' that death dealing torrent, with heads bent as though facing a March gale, tho shattered lines of marines pushed on. Tho headed wheat Iwwed find waved in that metal cloud burst like meadow grass In a summer breeze, Tho advancing lines wavered and tho voice of a sergeant was heard above tho uproar: "Como on, you ! Do you want to live forever?" The ripping flro grew hotter. The machlno guns at the edgo of tho woods wero now a bare hundred yards away and the enemy gunncra could scarcely miss their targets. If. was more than flesh and blood could stand. Our men wero forced to throw themselves flat on tho ground or bo annihilated, nnd there they remained In that terrible hall till darkness made it possible for them to withdraw to their original po sition. Bcrry'a men did not win that first encounter in the attack on Belleau Wood, but It was not their fault. Never did men advance more gallantly In the faco of certain death ; never did men descrvo greater honor for valor. Sibley, meanwhile, was having bet ter luck. I watched his men go In and it was ono of tho most beautiful sights I havo ever witnessed. Tho battalion pivoted on Its right, the left, sweeping ncross tho open ground in four wave:,, ac steadily and correctly as though on parade. There wero two companies of thtm. deployed In four skirmish lines, trie men placed flvo yards apart and the waves fifteen to twenty yards be hind each other. I say they went in as If on parade, and that is literally true. Thero waa no yell and wild rush, but a deliberate forward march, with the lines at right dress. They walked at the regulation pace, because a man is of little uso Sn a hand-to-hand bayonet strugglo af ter a hundred yards dash. My hands were clenched and all my muscles taut as I watched that cool, Intrepid, mas terful defkince of the German spite. And still thero was no sign of waver ing or breaking, " Oh, It took courage nnd steady nerves to do that Jn the face of tho t enemy's machlno gun fire. Men fell there In the open, but the advance kept steadily on to the woods It waa then that dlsclpllno and training counted. Their minds were concentrated not on the enemy's fire but on tho thing they had to do and tho necessity for doing it right. They wero listening for orders and obeying them. In this frame of mind tho soldier enn perhaps walk with even more coolness and deter mination than he can run. In any case It was an admirable exhibition of military precision nnd it gladdened their Colonel's heart. Tho marines havo a war cry that they can use to advantage when there is need of It. It is a blood curdling yell calculated to carry terror to the heart of tho waiting Hun. 1 am told that thero were wild yells in the woods that night when tho marines charged the machlno gun nests, but there was no yelling when they went in. Somo ono has reported that they advanced on thoso woods crying, "Remember the Lusltanla!" If they did so I failed to hear It. Somehow that doesn't sound like tho sort of thing the -marine says under the conditions. So far as I could observe not a sound was uttered throughout the length of those four lines. The men were saving their breath for what was ta follow. I am afraid I have given but a poor picture of that splendid advance. Thero was nothing dashing about It like a cavalry charge, but It was one of the finest things I havo ever seen men do. j They were men who hail n-jver before been called upon to attack a, strongly held enemy position. Beforo them were tho denso woods effectively sheltering armed and highly trained opponents of unknown strength. Within its depths tho machlno guns snarled and rattled and spat forth a leaden death. It was like somo mythical monster belching F.moko and tiro from Its lair. And straight against It inarched the Unit d Statos Marines, with heads up and the light of battlo in their eyes. Well, they made it. Thoy reached the woods without breaking. They had tho advantage; of slightly hotter cover than Berry's men and the defensive positions at tho lower end of tho woods had not been o well organized by the Germans as thoso on tho west ern fide. The first wavo reached the loivc wth nt the edge o' he woods and plunged In. Then tho second wavo followed, and tho third and the fourth, and disappeared from view. WntchlnNT tlie Advnncr, I had no field telephone and felt obliged to see what was going on. T took my btand on a llttlo rise of ground protected by a low lino of bushes about 300 yards from tho woods. It was near a road whero Holcomb's left had been In contact with Berry's right. The shelter trenches did not cross tho road. From this point of vantage I watched the advance through my glasses. Bullets rained all around me, the machine gun crews near me forming a target for the Germans. Thero was a great racket of rifle and machine gun fire and bursting shrapnel and high exploshcs, like tho continuous roll of some demoniacal drum, with tho bass note of the heavy guns that were chelllng Lucy, I saw u number of our bravo lads fall In that advance. Tlie German machine gunners aimed low to sweep the ground, catching most of tho mon in the legs. And those who felt lay right In tho line of fire nnd many of them were killed there on the ground, Thoeo who were able to stand and keep going had the best chance." Some of them went through the whole fight with leg wounds received during the lirst ten minutes. I am able to tell something of what went on In the woods that night, but my own participation in the conflict ended abruptly right there, and before continuing the narrative I may as well give a brief account of what happened to me. Just nbout the time Sibley's men struck the woods a sniper's bullet hit mo in the chest. It felt exactly as though some ono had struck me heav ily with a sledge. It swung me clear around and toppled mo dver on the ground. When I tried to get up 1 found that my right side was para lyzed. Beside me stood Capt. Trlbot-Las-plerre. Ho had been begging mo to get back to a safer place, but I was obstinate, nnd ho never once thought of leaving me. When I fell he camo out of his cover ynd rushed to my side. Ho is a little man and I am not, but he dragged me head first back to the shelter trench somo twenty or twenty-five feet away. My lifo has been spared and I owe much to that Frenchmnn. Drilled by ntillct, lie's Annoyed. I havo heard of men getting wounded who said that it felt llko a red hot Iron being Jammed through them, before tho world turned black. None of these things happened to me. I suffered but llttlo pain and I never for a moment lost consciousness. Nor did any thought of death occur to me, though I knew I had been hit In a vital spot. I was merely annoyed at my Inability to move and carry on. The bullet went clean through my right lung, In at the front and out at tho back, drilling a hole straight through me. I am Inclined to think that It was fired by a sniper In the trees at some dlstanco to the left, who was trying to pot our machlno gun ners. I believe It was a chance shot and not the result of good marksman ship, for the bullet must havo come some 600 yards. Experts have made a study of the action of rifle bullets and have discov ered that a bullet fired at short ranze less than 500 or 600 yards twists In such a manner that when It strikes an obstacle it wabbles. If my bullet had been shot from near at hand It would have torn a piece out of my back as big as my fist. On the other hand, a spent bullet is already wabbling and would have made a big hole in the front of my chest and perhaps would not havtf-hone clear through. That Is why I bcllcvo that my bullet came from a sniper about COO yards away and I nm thankful that it did. Capt. Lasplcrro laid mo down In the bottom of a three foot trench and there I remained for an hour and a half. He opened my coat and shirt, but there was llttlo he could do. Most of the bleeding was Internal. In about three-quarters of an hour Dr. Farwell, the regimental surgeon, camo from Lucy and administered first aid treatment. Theso trips all had to be made under heavy fire. As I lay there before turning tho orders of tho day over to Leo I was chiefly conscious of my anxiety over the outcome of tho battle. My mind was as active as ever and It was tor turo to Ho there and not be able to hee or do anything. I received reports from Sibley by runners telling of his progress and these I read to Leo when ho came. Dr, Farwell brought stretcher bear ers with him, but I was kept there In the trench for a whllo becauso of the heavy artillery fire. Gas shells began to burst near us and they put my gas mask on mo. I never knew beforo how' uncomfortable one of thoso things could be. It Is hard enough for a man to breathe with a lung full of blood without having one of those smother ing masks clapped over his face. Fortunately, my Interest was so firmly fixed on the fortunes of battle that I had but llttlo time to indulge in any feeling of discomfort. I heard tho sound of the firing gradually re cedo and I knew that Sibley's men were advancing. Then it came nearer on tho left and I knew that Berry's outfit was being beaten back. It was not an Ideal way to observe an action and my anxiety would have been al most unbearable if it had not been for ono or two reassuring messages from Sibley. That grand old man was as hopeful as if tho whole American Army had been at his back. After a while the artillery fire let up a little, though It was still on when they carried mo back to Lucy, whence I was rushed to tho forward hospital .and shot full of anti-tetanus serum. Then on to Meaux and finally to Paris, whero I arrived at 4 A. M. the next day Juno 7 after being eight hours In the nmbulance. I re mained in the hospital until July 22, when I was discharged and came home on leave. So much for my personal experience. Meanwhile tho battlo for Belleau AVood was going on and I received detailed reports of It. CHAPTE11 VIII. l.V BE3.LEAU WOOD AND BOURESCHES. MAJOR BURTON WILLIAM SIBLEY is one of the most picturesque characters In the Marine Corps. He Is a short, swarthy man, wiry and of great endurance. His men loved him nnd would follow him everywhere. He is as active as a boy, and It was he who, on foot and fighting as desperately as any of them, personally led thoso two companies of Marines into tho death haunted labyrinth of Belleau Wood. Stanch veteran of Marines that he is, ho de serves all the praise that can be heaped upon him for that night's work. The minute they got into tho woods our boys found themselves In a per fect hornets' nest of machine gunners, grenadiers nnd riflemen. No one could havo realized how strong tho enemy's position thero was, or I do not believe that wo would have been ordered In without moro adequate ar tillery preparation. There were ma chine gun nests everywhere on every hillock nnd small plateau, In every ra vlno nnd pocket, amid heaps of rocks, behind plies of cut timber and even In the trees. These German guns In tho wood wero well placed to cover all zones with both lateral and plunging fire. Hut the marines never faltered. They attacked those nests, with rifles, auto matics, grenades nnd bayonets. In small groups, even singly, they charged tho machine gun crews nnd their infantry supports with wildcat ferocity, fighting like fiends till tho Huns were dead or threw up their hands and bleated "Kamerad." Then they rushed on to tho next one. Amid Mnehtnc Gun Tho most effectlvo method was to run to tho rear of each gun In turn nnd overpower the crew. But each flanking position was covered by an other gun which had to be taken Im mediately. It was a furious dash from nest to nest, with no time to stop for breath. In the thick of tho meleo the wild yells of tho Marines wero mingled with the constant crackle of rifle Are llko bunches of firecrackers explod ing. Through the smoke of battlo that drifted like fog among tho treo trunks, Sibley kept to his course across the nouthern section of the wood. There was dense brush In spots, where men got lost and found themselves Iso lated -jjiid cut off from their squads. The wounded dragged thomselvA to thickets and depressionsany plare where they could hide from thow pry ing bullets nnd wait till there was timo for some ono to carry them out. They wero short of water and tho suffering '.1 'Roughnecks' Were Told "Give 'Em Hell, Boys," and in They Went, Slowly and Silent ly, as if on Parade, W asting no Wind of many of them was Intense, but they urged their comrades to leave them and press on. An hour passed; two hours, tho Ma rines still fighting with the savage in tensity of catamounts. "All tho time." said Private Frank Damron afterward, "'the fighting consisted in running from one shell hole to another. Shovn your bayonet at a Hun and ho will give up. I myself had very little 'sticking' to do. You could generally get them with a rifle gullet first." "Our men," added Corporal John Miles, "went after them with fixed bayonets, and drove tem as a fellow drives a flock of chickens." Tho action was all In tho hands of the platoon officers. Success or failure rested on their shoulders. H is not I the General w'ho wins such a battle ai that, but tho Captain, the sergeant, the private. v riBhtlnsr in I nil la ii Mjle. It had been called an exaggerated riot, that desperate conflict in tho wood. It was hand to hand lighting from the first, and thoso Germans, hating cold steel as they do, soon learned what American muscle nnd determination are like. From tree to tree fought our Marines, from rock to rock, like the wild Indians of their nathe land It is the sort of fighting the Marine has always gloried In. And In that fight ing they beat the Germans on two points Initiative and daring, and ac curacy of rifle fire. They picked the German gunners out of the trees like squirrels, and in the innumerable fierco onslaughts that took place at the ma chlno gun nests thu Marines always struck the first blow and It was usually a knockout It was a wild, tempestu ous, rough and tumble scrar with no quarter asked or given. Rifles grew hot from constant filing and b.-fjonets reeked with German gore. It was man to man, thero in the dark recessen of the woods, with no gallerj to cheer tho gladiators, tnd it was tho best man that won. Tho thick woods made the fighting a matter of constant ambuscades nnd nerve racking surprises, but the Ma rines tore on. With Sibley at their head nothing could stop them. Ma chine gun nosts whoso crews held out formed little Islands in t'i welter about which the Marine flim.l swept eventually to engulf them. Some of the Germans turned and (led. aban doning their guns; others w.uicil till caught in tho rear and then threw up their hands and surrendered, soma waited In huddled groups In the rii vines till tho gleaming ejed doi; ilogi should leap upon them; some stink to their guns till an American bullet or an American bayonet laid them low. Ono by one the guns were silem ed or were turned in the opposite direction I'rlaunrra llecln CciiuIiikt In, They started in lit 5 o'clock At 6:45 tho report was ellt to headquar ters that tho machlno gun fire nt tlia lower ciuLf f the wor.ds hu.l Uen r a- -tidily silenced. At 7.30 German prisoners liegan to come in. Night fell with the fighting still go ing on and only the flash of shooting to see by. But at 0 o'clock umd . anit from Sibley by runner that he h.id got through and had attained the first ob jective, tho eastern edge of the wnod In four hours he and his men had passed clear through tho lower quarter of Belleau Wood, traveming nearly a mile, nnd had cleaned things up an they went. And only 500 uf them started; I hesitate to mention the number that finished. At 10 o'clock I eenforcements were seiit In with orders to consohdato the position. Two companies of engineers wtro reported at Lucy nnd they wero ordered to help. Their assistance was invaluable, for though tin re was still heaxy fighting for the Marines that night, tho engineers started In at oneo and by morning had the position rea sonably secured. Orders to stop fur ther ndvanco wero sent out nt the ale time. During the night the fighting raged for flvo hours or moro with gradually diminishing fury, nnd thoso men who wero nblo to snatch a few minutes sleep In n shelter trench or rlllo pit were the lucky ones. Meanwhile an -equally important and successful action ngainst odds hud been taking placo nt Bouresches, tlm town Jiiht c.tst of the woods at its K-wer end. It was necessary to eject Continued on Fourth l'age.