OCR Interpretation

The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, May 05, 1919, Image 1

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030431/1919-05-05/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Showers to-day, cooler at night; to-
morrow fair.
Highest temperature yesterday, 80 : lowest, 57.
Detailed KHIIiir report, on editorial p. '
NEW YORK, MONDAY, MAY 5, 1919. Copyright, 1919, by the Sun Printing one! Publishing AisoclaUon.
Xcw Light on Famous Ex
ploit of Whittlesey's Gal
lant Command.
Gained Objective and Held
It Where Others Failed
in Bitter Battling.
808tli's Men Under French
nnd German Gun Fire in
Argonno Bavlne.
Xajor-Ocn. Robert Alexander, com
mander of the Seventy-seventh Di
iislon, made publio yesterday an
article in which he tells the complete
ttory of the operation in tho Argonnc
during ichlch one of the battalions of
the ZiSth Infantry under command of
lAeut.-Col. Charles TV. Whittlesey
the "Lost Battalion" oas cut off from
the remainder of the division for five
ANDER. Tho Incidents which hnve surrounded
0 action on the left of the Seventy
(renth Division during the period be
tween October 2 nnd 7 both dates In
clusive striking the popular Imagina
tion, have brought moat prominently be
fore the public that particular phase of
tho operations. While In numbers of
men Involved and length of time during
which those numbers were Isolated, this
particular event stands out above the
ethers, it must not be thought for a
moment that this was the only occasion
durlns our progress through the forest
that elements of this division were tem
porarily cut off from other portions of
the line. The mopping up of tho forest
was a most dimcult task, and often,
after the lino had advanced, small par
ties of tho enemy were found In many
Instances In the rear of our front line
elements. These were disposed of usu
ally in the course of a short time, but
during that short time snipers were ex
tremely active and communication was
In many Instances, as previously stated,
temporarily suspended.
The situation on the left of the divi
sion on the morning of the Jd of October
was about as follows: The First Bat
talion. SOSth Infantry, under Major
Omrles W. Whittlesey, was the advance
'lattallon on tho left of the division.
The Second Battalion. 308th. com
manded by Capt. George McMurtry, was
m support. The front line of these bat
talions was at about 294.9-276.95, the
'fading, battalion having been checked
by heay machine gun and trench mor
ar opposition and the support battal
ion having closed up on It. With these
-o battalions were sections of machine
?m f.r,om Companies C and D of the
306th Machine Gun Battalion. The most
stubborn resistance to the advance had
oeen encountered on the west of the
r.orth and south ravine, where a portion
"f the command (Companies D and F.
OSth) was In position.
ObMacle Almost Impassable.
Attention Is Invited to the extremely
hfT.cult character of the terrain In front
of this command. The north and south
ravine running from the Dcjiotdes Ma
chine, past the Moulin de t'ilgmroe Mort
'U. the regimental sector In two. The
'us of this ravine are decMedly pre
vious and densely covered with brush.
n ofier words, an almost lmpa-sable
ntmaclo was Interposed between the
rtht and left flanks of the brigade line
-an obstacle which offered perfect
over to machine gun nests and trench
mo-tur emplacements.
Furthermore, at this time, nnd In fact
y a' times during the operations of the
rel. tho left nanlc of this division was
"vrpwely exposed, there being no
"lenlly troops anywhere near us. Con-'e-iuently
the left flank was obliged to
look out for its own safety as best It
"f This was equally true of the
t flank of the division. But our Im
mediate Interest here is with the left
ranX This being the situation I early
y 'he morning of October 2 gave orders
a general advance of the entire dl
'sonal line, giving that line sb Its ob
't ' the east and west La Viergette
lou in de Charlevaux road and the rail
ed paralleling it, as shown on the
t orders were quite positive and pre-
The c.bjectlvo was to be gained
t.i regard to losses and without
- ."''d to the exposed conditions of my
nks ) considered It most important
tii advance should bo made, nnd
1 "pt tho responsibility and the risk
d tn the execution of the orders
" Complying with these, orders, the
ip- hes-an about 12:30 A. M. It
receded by an artillery barrage
" .'I'll I expei ,td more moral thiin
I result tV right (153d) brl-
n, stopped before nn enemy or-
'T on occupying1 the spur known as
j e Hils de la Naza. as was likewise
J 't 'ignt legiment of the 164th Brigade,
m Hoi he organizations which were
1 ' a u,,on the spur west of the Bols
f es ito. he organizations were not
ironrh systems, on which much
( 1 '1 ben expended, but they con
"f "-'liteil reetlons of trenches,
n r, , i.mg'errcMs nn(1 of cnlckcn
expended between trees. The
ni covered by the thick brush
r i oJistarles could not bo dlscov-
r"1 Mi t.,e troops came Into Immedl
'"'" with them. Active defence
o no? organizations consisted of ma
' " Runs, grenade throwers und trench
"arp I
"he rl(tht brigade and the right regl- 1
"'t regiment of the left brigade!
"i'hi hr,1.. .!... .1..
...",..1 iiiiutiKii uiK.iilca.
"s in its front nnd continued the ad-
"-.-iiuiK win oDjecuve sei ror ine
Continued on Fifth Page.
Failure Would Dishonor
1,500,000 U. S. Fighters
ter Glass, Secretary of the
Treasury, issuod tho following
appeal to-day:
"Tho Victory Liberty Loan
campaign is two-thirds over, but
subscriptions havo bcon reported
for littlo more than one-third of
tho loan.
"Is it conceivable that tho
American peoplo who with hoart
and soul waged the fight for frco
dom will permit this loan of vic
tory and thanksgiving to fail7
'Our sons gave of their
health, of their strength and of
their lives that freedom might
not perish. There aro one and a
half million American boy3 in
France and Germany. Now that
the war is ended it would bo as
reasonable for them to dishonor
the nation by deserting the flag
as for the nation to dishonor
itself by deserting them. Is it a
largo thing that wo are now asked
to lend our money to pay the cost
of victory? Is American money
less willing than American man
hood? "Let every one of the millions
who havo bought Liberty bonds
buy Victory Notes and success is
Thermometers Climb on Ono
of City's Warmest Early
May Days.
Many Tako Initial Dips of Sea
son Coaster Accident
Victim May Die.
Yesterday was ono of tho hottest of
early May days in the records of the
bi(? town officially, -which means nloft,
and unofficially, particularly on the
sidewalks, temperatures soared to
midsummer figures. The giant Instru
ment In front of tho World Building
marked 90 for more than an hour after
3:30 In tho afternoon. Only a few per
sons In automobiles appeared In over
coats. Even a straw hat might not
hnve been ridiculed if It had dolled
tradition and como out of winter
It was one of the most g-orgcous
spring days In tho wooded boroughs
and tho parks that ever stirred the
pulses of sprlne poets and Inspired the
birds to melody. Tho breeze, mostly
from the south, was zephyrlsh and tho
park benches, notably those at the
Battery, facing the breeze, were all
taken from noon until near sunset.
Excursion steamboats did a great
business. The aspect of tho town was
Above Battery Park the weather
prophets In their 400 foot tower gloried
In the actual arrival of May In an offi
cial temperature of SO. To-day. If the
forecasters have picked the rlfiht dope,
will be cooler, with showers to help the
buds blossom and add lustre to the
leaves. The zephyrs will change to
fresh winds from the south, shifting to
northwest to-night, and young people
may not feel so much like going maylng
to-day as they did yesterday.
Coney Island had its biggest crowd
and Its first senous accident of the
new season. It was estimated that at
3 o'clock the crowd had reached 200.000
and more kept coming In by train and
Frederick Freeman, 22, a clerk of 295
Classon avenue, Brooklyn, was taken In
a dying condition to the Coney Island
Hospital, suffering from fractures of tho
skull, spine and several ribs from leln
dragged fifty feet down nn Incline of
one of the scenic railways. He had
attempted to leap over" the back of the
front sent to a rear seat Just as the
car started down one of tho short dip.
Freeman landed standing on the rear
seat nnd lost his balance, but managed
to retain a hold on the bumper of the
car. His body came In contact with the
rails and framework, and was tossed
from side to Bide on the descent. He
was hauled In ns tho car started tho
next rise. In addition to broken bones
Dr. Maugerl of Coney Island Hospital
said Freeman had received internal in
juries. Seventy-five extra policemen were
taken to the resort at the request of
Inspector Joseph A. Conboy, but they
found little to do. Many In tho crowd
found the bathlnir attractive enough to
lead them Into establishing personal rec
ords for first surf aquatics of the sea
son, and nil the attractions with tho ex
ception of Luna Park wero in full
The proces-lon to the ruins at Brighton
Beach continued throughout tho day.
It was announced that the baths and
winter pool will be rebuilt at once, this
time of concrete.
Ventilating Window Falls oni
Special Vetpatch to Tns 8c"
Trentok, N. J., May 4, Ono woman
was killed and twelve others more or
less Injured when a large ventilating
window In St. Mary's Cathedral broke
away from Its fastening nnd dropped n
distance of fifty feet on the parlshlonerB
this afternoon. Miss Margaret Kennedy,
need 4B, was struck on the head and
died a few minutes afterward in the
sanctuary of the cathedral. Three others, 1
the Misses Margaret Clark, Edith Duffy
nnd Emily Maxwell, who wero cut nnd
bruised by tho flying glass, wero re-,
moved to Ht. Francis Hoepltal. i
The accident resulted In Rreat con-:
fusion. A number of those attending tho
nervlces ran scroamlng out of tho 1
church, while about fifteen others who
had fainted were carried to Uie rear for .
medical slfttfetion.
Government Forces Take
Nearly Entire City After
Hard Battle.
Communists Seek Terms,
but Are Told to Givo Up
Spartueans Blow Up Troop
Train Many Soldiers
Among Victims.
By Ms Aitoelatti Prti$.
Bkrijv. May 3 (delayed). Govern
ment troops havo captured tho whole
of Munich with the exception of tho
Ganhen quarter, whero tho Com
munists havo mado frequent attempts
to negotlato to secure more favornblo
conditions. Premier Hoffmann, how
ever, has reiterated hla demand for
their unconditional surrender.
The Communists mado a bitter do
fence, but It proved Ineffective against
tho Government's artillery. The dead
aro estimated to number 200. The Ber
lin Government has declared that its
troops will bo withdrawn as soon as
order has been restored.
The failure of the Munich Insurrection
marks tho collapse of tho last Important
Communist stronghold in Germany, and
for the time being tho Ebert and Schelde
mann Uovcrnment is heavine n iAn
or relief, once more thanking the fairy
goddess who bequeathed them Ilerr j
", meir .Minister or Defence.
The Irony of fate decreed at the mo
ment when Field Marshal vnn Hlndon-
burg announced his retirement as chief
of tho army that Gustavo Noake, six i
months nco an unknown n.ninn mitt, i
tary calibre, with tho ragged remnants
' iurmer uaiianons, nurriedly recruited
volunteer regiments, should now be win- ;
nlng the nation's acclaim In tho sordid I
Internecine guerrilla warfare that is not I
wholly without Its opera bounV eettlns. j
Munich the Worst of All.
Munich, the gayest and best fed of the !
capitals, has had an amplified dose of I
Communlttlo unties when compared
with Bremen, Hamburg, Halle, Dussel-1
dorf and Brunswick. Tho Prussian, with
his customary dash of spitefulness. still
mindful of the arbitrary export embargo '
maintained by Bavaria when Berlin
went hungry, to-day is marvelling at
the vaunted Intrepidity of tho Bavarians ,
and their utter impotence in the faco ;
of a handful of Bolohevlkl now that
the latter have apparently been defeated i
nnd scattered.
Government circles In Berlin are not
expecting Insurrections In other sections !
on an equally violent scalo.
Tho reorganized political secret ser-1
vice which the LlcbUnecht Bed Guards
forcibly disbanded November 9, U at
work again and Is keeping close scrutiny !
on Bolshevik machinations. In a lengthy '
discussion of the situation to-day the
chief of the secret scrvUu Informed tho 1
correspondent that the Communists nro i
now pretty well out of funds, as the ,
Busslnn ruble has been kicked out of
Germany. This, ho declared, was the
deciding factor for the ending of their ,
plottlngs, especially In respect to Inciting,
coal strikes, one of their favorite occu
pations. '
"The German Bolshe vlkl," said the
chief, "are pinning their last hope on 1
a possible failure In obtaining pcaco and
delay in the improvement of tho food
Ilendqunrtcrs In LrtpslK.
Tine chief added that Saxony was
their only remaining field of promise, as
that State Is without troops. Leipzig at
present Is tho Communist hendquarters,
ho added, because the Independents are '
In control there ns a result of the first !
re.olutlonary cabinet's failure to check ,
the radicals In time. I
The officials here do not believe there
will be a repetition of Ftreet lighting In j
Berlin, as Iho Government troops are too .
well entrenched and because of the utter
demoralization among the radicals, i
reaching from tho Left Wing Independ-1
cnts to the Fmall colony of Anarchists, '
led by Herr Booker, who returned re-1
cently from England, whero he was In-1
terned during tho war. I
In between are numerous Bolshevik
party groups, all without sufficient power
effectively to put forward their sup
posed Ideals. It is this ragged party
line-up that encourages the Government ,
In Its belief that the German Bolshevlkl
no longer are able to put up n united I
front. ;
London. May 4. Gustav Landnuer.
Minister of Enlightenment In the Ba
varian Soviet Government, who recently
fled from Munich, has been shot by Gov
ernment troops at Bamberg, according to
a despatch from Zurich to tho Exchango
Telegraph Company.
Bavarian Spartacan forces have blown
up a train orowded with Republican
Continued on Second Page.
'Sun' Fund Smokes Help
Soldiers Make Friends
A MERICANS find that by Biv
ini; nwny cigarettes made in
Americn tho kindest relations
spring up between themselves
and tho foreign peoplo with whom
they nro billeted. In the latest
soldiers' mnil nro messnges tell
ing how SUN Fund smokes help
the boys in many ways. These
messnces will bo found on
page 10.
BACCO FUND has no connec
tion with nny other fund, organi
zation or publication. It employs
no ugents or solicitors.
Reds Will Cease to Bo
Menace When the Poaco
Treaty Is Signed.
Profound Pacifying Effect
on Discontented Elements
Already Noticed.
Foch's Advice Helps Situation
Russia Still Remains
a Biff Problem.
Special Cablt PMpafcA to Tax Scs.
CotvHaht. 1M9; o7l rinhu rtterrrd.
PAJU3. May 4. Hy tho time tho
treaty of pcaro Is signed Bolshevism
will have ceased to bo a serious men
aco In Europe. This7 is the belief ex
pressed In American Mission circles
This docs not mean that tho Russian
problem will bo solved, but that tho
danger of radicalism encroaching on
other parts of Europo will havo disap
peared, a result that is being attained
by three agencies, first, the signing of
peace, second, the pouring Into Europe
of American food, nnd third, success
ful military action In the middle Euro
pean States, mostly along tho lines fa
vored by Marshal Foch.
" Practically ln:feal to whlch tnelr onco pr0UI, emlre
sight with tho presence of tho German I has been reduced. From all reports
delegation at Versailles has had a pro- that trickle through tho cordon of
found pacifying effect upon tho elo-' i'rench troops surrounding the place
ments of discontent evcrywhcr ns-: tn6 delegates seldom show themselves,
surlr.g them that within a reasonable cven to ,hclr own entourage. It is be-
timo they will "know whom ,ov
Polish Situation Sn-rrd.
Herbert Hoover, tho Interallied food
relief chief, says reports from Poland
re to tho effect that the arrival of food
there has saved tho situation. Tran
1U"" " """urea in iicigium. czeeno- (
oiuvuKi.i una oiner countries with the nuik Firth avenue laiifih.
first payment of five hundred millions In . Tho Gentian newspaper men. trying to
Indemnity. emulate Ameilcan enterprise, came to
Tho retreat of the Bela Kun facUon Purls on May Day td See the "revolu
in Hungary has had a great efrert on tlon." They were -irrested by the French
the waverers, nnd the next fortnight Is guards and hustled back to their quar
expected to realize Marshal Foch's Idea ters. They said they had learned much
of a union of the allied central Burn- more about their own country by reading
pean .State-i from the Baltic to t'. liUu-k the Pari newspapers than they knew
Sea as a firm bulwark a.aln Molshe- when they were at home,
vlsm. Fitting In the rem.ilnL-i pieces The French raised an unconsciously
of the puzzle Is row the fisk of the al- humorous situation by Informing the
lied military and diplomatic chief". German delegates they might attend the
The most Important event of last week Protestant Church In the Avenue Hoche
In this connection was the arrival In , " lhe" would alt ntono In the gallery.
Paris of emissaries from tho Ukraine ;
Government seeking an nrmlstlce vM FFW OF THF fiFRMANS
the Poles. The latter hitherto have re- f' r 1 ntU lmMi.l
pulsed overtures, but It Is understood'
that the favorable Danzig settl-ment !
that Poland obtained was on condition '
that she ieid tn an armisti-e with the
Ukrainians. This will result In llnklntr .
up tho chain of Poland nnd Rumania, i LDCK or permission.
both States with Governments distinctly
favorable to the Allies. These two Atsoclated Prtit.
States now promise to become strong Vcns-wi-uss. May 4. Churchgoers
links In the chain protecting western I among the German delegation wero few
Europo from the Bolshevik movement ! number. Baron von I.ersner and
and at the same time take Russia's old 1 Herr Glcsberts. accompanied by several
place as a counterbalance on Germany's subordinate members of the deleatlon.
eastern frontier. attended the morning service lu tho
Simultaneously with the nrrlval of ' Catholic church, while thre.- German
Ocn. Haller's troops Poland has started men and live women occupied resent d
a trong offensive nn the eastern frontier , pews In tho French Protestatit church.
ngalnFt the Russian Bolshevlkl, which i The women, r. turning with bouquets
ro far has been successful. The Ru- which they had purchased during the
manlans drovo the Hungarian Bolshevlkl promenade, were attended In each case
before them, occupying the disputed by French secret service agent",
region populated for the most part by The Germans planned a sightseeing
Rumanian peoplo. The Czeeho-SIovaks : recursion for this afternoon to the
havo now Joined in this movement, and J Trianon nnd Little Trianon nnd had
at tho same time Admiral Kolchak's ' requested permission to visit the hls
army Is advancing. tirlc apartments of .Madame Malntenon
,.,, and Marie Antoinette. Tho neccssarv
I ntnre t Ilnsslnn Beds. i ,rmt.s were not rocelved. however, and
These developments, how ever, are ' 'he project had to be abandoned,
without bearing on the question of what ! A considerable holiday rrowd came
Is to be done with tho Russian Bol- from Purls to catch a glimpse of the
Hhevlkl once they are penned In. Tho ' Germans, but found the barrier iirr.inge.
Wllson-Xansi-n plan of feeding Moscow ! ments in w orking order and wero con
Is still hanging Are, no reply having ! strained to i-onflnn their promenades to
been received from I.cnlne. In the mean- the far side of the street,
time opposition Is growing to the plan1 Herr lilesberts and Herr Landberg,
In allied and neutral quarters. Nor- observing a French artist sketching
weglan sentiment Is opposed to feeding i members of the German party at the
me iJoisnevntl wno have mistreated
Norwegian nationals. Strenuous objec
tions havo Just been received albo from
Admiral Kolchnk.
Food Is tho ono thing tho Bolshevlkl
need to prevent their fall, and Kolchak
distrusts the feeding plan because, like
tho Prlnklpo project. It Is of American ;
More thnn ono foreign office has ob-
Jeeted that tho upshot of the plan, If
carried out, will bo to establish a Com
munist government firmly In Russia. '
with tho result that the Scandinavians
would acuulre not onlv an nnrnmfnrt- '
able neighbor, but ono with whom It will I
be in,posii)io to do business on any nr-,
...... ....... , ,.,,, ,UV
recognize any such thing as capital,
Tho British wireless Intercepted a
wli-eKus message between I.enlno nnd
other Bolshevlkl In which the Bolshevik
Premier said ho had not heard of tho
Naiu-on proposal.
It was announced to-day that the last j
of the allied troops had abandoned He- j
bastopol, boarding French cruisers. Tho,
Bolshevlkl are left In possession of tho
city nnd of the entlro Crimen. ,
..A. .'TfY'v H.im ?tot.,iholm latins .
1 " i-ciru-
bi.K. Willi, (IViV.
Arrested Youth Had Black
Flag in His Clothes.
Paris, May 4. Tho youth who was
arrested yesterday outside tho homo of
Premier Clemenceau has admitted to
the police that he Intended to attack
M. Clemenceau w Ith a knife which ho
A black flag with an anarchistic in.
scriptlon and anarchistic literature wero
found in tils possession.
Peace Delegates Appear to
Rcalizo Hopelessness of
Their Cause.
They Shun Even tho Members
of Their Entourage
Guarded by Troops.
Special Cable Dtipatch to Tnr Bck.
Copyright. W; ofl rightt rtitntd.
Paris, May 4. In a seclusion that Is
mournful rather than dignified tho
German peaco delegates nro awaiting
tho presentation of tho peace treaty,
nnd with the samo feelinir of appre
hension that Damoceles must have
contemplated tho overhanging sword.
Tho wholo atmosphere of tho Ver
sailles neighborhood In which tho Ger
mans aro waiting gives ono tho Im
pression of Sing Sing death liouso. Tho
limousine in which Count von Brbck-dorff-Rantzau,
pale and ill looking,
goes for a rido daily reminds ono of a
The gloomy Impression Is heightened
by tho sedulous caro with which tho
German delegates are keeping to them-
nolv... ,,.M.,.t.. 1 i.. .. ...
ca mat until tney get the treaty tney
will not even talk to the German news-
paper men, who thus far havo had no
word with the delegates.
Tft to thnl- nu'ti Ai'l.aa 1.a amall
fry of the delegation are trying to make
themselves nt home. They have estab-
l,sna a cafc n 'he Hotel Vntel, where
I they sit about, drinking beer and coffee.
Jhe men wear clumsy clothes nnd the
women tight wnlsted gowns that would
nunn OCKVCiO
Sightseeing Prevented
entrance to tnelr hotel this afternoon,
went over to hint and nsked him to
mnke a sketch of them oIho. They posed
patiently for the artist and then signed
tho sketches.
Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau, head
of the delegation, took a short stroll.
and later remained outside his hotel
chatting with the other members of the
German delegation.
Asks That Advance of Allies'
rorces ae auspenaea.
By the AMociated Pren. I
Vienna. May 1 (delayed). Tho Budn
p08t Sovl'et Government tins appealed
i.,..i,i. vi.n .,.
-,..in, marcU 0f ' the troops encircling
The appeal says It Is time that war's
hloofly crimfl was stopped, that the
Un,J i. ,vi - i. -. -
good government and that It has kept
order, dcspl
III" rumiui -uiuiuivu uy -ii.lllll-a w n
Ikd the country.
Guneva, May 3 (delayed). Rumanian
forces hae entered the city of Arad. 145
mlles southeast of Budapest, and have
occupied tho Czap bridgehead on tho
Thelss River, north of Arad. Kvery
where tho Rumanian and allied forces
are being welcomed na liberators.
The Rumanians aro advancing along j
inn wtioio Hungarian rrnni nnd hate
captured 2.000 prisoners, Including many
Austrian nnd German soldiers. Ono
hundred nnd fifty carloads of war ma
terial have also been taken. Tho Hun
garian Colonel Kratooliwlll Is command
Ing tho forces lighting against the Hun
garian Bolshevlkl and Magyarc, it la re-lortcd,
President Expects to Return
With German and Austrian
Documents Signed.
Hungary Not Yet Invited to
Send Peace Delegates to
Staff Corretpondent of Tns Scs.
Copyright, 11; oil rlghtt reserved.
P.Mtis, May 4. Work on tlio trenty
of pon no with Gcrmnny, so fur na the
Council of Three Is concerned, has
Wn completed nntl the trenty is in
the hands of the printers. Wednes
day Is the dute tentatively set for Uie
delivery of the document to the Ger
man delegntcs nt Versailles.
Having finished this task the UIr
Three have tnlcen up tho problem of
making peace with Austria, which
country has been Invited to send dele
gates to meet the representatives of
the Allies at Versailles. The plan as
regards Austria is to draft a treaty
with that country while still negotiat
ing with the Germans nt Versailles.
In American circles there Is every
hope that this can be done, and It also
Is asserted that President Wilson ex
pects to return to the United States
with the signed peace treaties from
Germany and. Austria.
So fur as can be learned Hungnry
was not Invited to send delegates to
Versailles with the Austrian... Hun
gary Is regarded ns having separated
Itself from Austria nnd will be dealt
with separately, the Allies watching
developments In that country before
framing a definite pence policy. An
other reason for not sending an Invi
tation to Hungary is to avoid recog
nizing tho (Jommunlst Government In
Germany. In the treaty her dele
gates will sign, will bind herself to
recognize the treaty with Austria.
The French view Hint Germany can
not annex Austria Is not supported in
American circle, where It Is held
that it will he impossible to prevent
such annexation in the future. The
French continue to press for n clause
In the Austrian treaty to prevent this
Hulgnrlnn delegates also have been
Invited to como to Pirrls nnd open ne
gotiations for signing the peace treaty.
The Invitation to Turkey has been
held up because President Wilson has
not yet decided whether the United
States will or can accept n mandatory
for Constantinople and Armenia.
The news of tho surrender to the
Japanese on the Shantung question
has reached China and has caused
dismay nnd disappointment there
verging on panic and revolt. Tho
Chinese Commission here received
messages to-day saying the people
wero threatening to refuse to accept
the decision, and that the attitude
toward the Japanese was becoming
menacing. There was some talk of
falling upon the Japanese now in
China and driving them out of the
country, the messages said.
Km ih AtiHnled Prett.
Paris. May 4. Following a meeting
of the French Cabinet to-day this of
ficial statement was Issued.
"The Cabinet met this morning,
IVes'.dent Polnearo presiding, from
10 A. M. until 1:1D P. M. After the
broad lines of the peaco prelimina
ries had been laid before It tho Cab
inet exchanged views on a majority
of the subjects discussed at tho
Peaco Conference."
llrqiicsts l'rrml .nIoii to Occupy i:-
nte nt Kndlnen.
Kv the Aifocialed rreat,
I1kri.iv. Saturday, May 3. Ex-Emperor
William has requested the German
Government to be allowed to return to
Germany ami tesldo on his estate at
Kndlnen. according to n semi-official
statement lsued here.
Heavy Fighting Goes On
Against Coburg Dynasty.
lly the Aitoclated Prett.
Bkri.in, May 4. A rebellion ngalnrt
tho Coburg dynasty at Sofia Is reported
In a despatch to tho .trhf Vhr Abend
bluff. Sanguinary fighting lias been
going on between Government troops
and revolutionists, who demand a Kolet
Ferdinand, the former IClng of Bul
garia, Is a member of the house of Kaxe.
Coburg and (lotha. Notice of his abdi
cation wan published in November, 191S
Later he was reported to have arrived
ut Coburg ond to havo asked permis
sion of the Swiss authorities to leslde
In Switzerland.
If you have money, subscribe far
Metory Liberty Note - tlirni:h us.
If yuu iie,M money, we win buy
Other Liberty lioml. from you.
John Mulr & Co., (1 U'way ,4cfu.
Poincare Warns Foe
War May Be Resumed
pARIS, May 4. President Poin
care, speaking to-day to the
cadets of the Paris Polytechnic
School who have just returned
to Paris from the front, said:
"The enemy laid down his
firms only to cecapo danger.
If ho attempts to forget
what the generosity of tho
Allies spared him we havo
tho right and the means to
recall that fact to him."
Storm of Trotcst Raised at
Decision Affecting Tndcm-
nitics and Protection.
Proposals of Tcaco Treaty Un
acceptable and Denounced
as Charity.
By the Associated Prett.
'Brussels, May 4. Public opinion in
Belgium has been upset by the news
from Paris concerning what is de
scribed as the unsatisfactory decisions
reached by tho Peaco Conference re
specting Belgium. Newspapers of all
shades of opinion express their disap
pointment and It Is said the Belgian
Government may appenl directly to
public opinion In tho United States
and In Great Britain, recalling the for
mal promises made to Belgium by the
responsible heads of both thoso coun
tries. The Burgomaster of Antwerp In a
proclamation has Informed the Inhabi
tants that he has sent to the Belgian
delegation In Paris a telegram nsklng
them to Insist upon complcto Indemni
fication and reconstruction, the Immedi
ate Introduction of raw materials and a
revision of the treaty of 1839.
The Town Council In dovastated Ter.
monde has telegraphed similar requests
10 me ueigian delegation at the Fr.nch
r-n!tl iil.ll h.i-.... . . . . .
been tent to Kim; Alberl. In which hlsl
.uaj.siy is assjing to retuse to sign the
pe.ico trenty rather than accept charity.
The Belgian Government unanimously
considers the conditions unacceptable
and has told the Belgian delegates at
Petition, to Kins? -Vtbort.
Premier Delacroix Is the nuthorlty for
the statement that tho situation Is grave.
Verification for this statement Is seen
In tho number of Cabinet meetings, which
nro being held nlmost dally, to discuss
the situation. One meeting was hold
to-day. This was attended by all mem
bers of the Government and the state
Ministers, Decision was expected to be
made whether the conditions offered to
Belgium by tho Peace Conference nrc
Paul Hymans. the Belgian Foreign
Minister, returned here to attend tho
meeting. A grent patriotic demonstra
tion was held at Antwerp to-day. The
burgomaster and other prominent men
made speeches recalling the Belgian
sacrifices for the Allies and demanding
fulniment of their solemn promise to
Tlio petition presented to King Albert
by the National Political Committee
urging him to refuse to sign tho peace
treaty rends;
"In tho last few days vast bodies
have Joined us. We echo public opin
ion which is constantly growing and
which Is Indignant nt the little which
li offered us for the safety of Bel
gium nnd the dynasty. We beg your
Majesty to refuse to sign tho treaty
rather than accept alms given us.
By leaving the Conference Belgium
would show the Immorality of a
peaco signed without her.
"By sacrificing herself she would
rain prestige In the eyes of the
world nnd the nntlons would demand
that Justice should bo done her. Wo
believe It would be better to risk
having nothing rather than abdicate
our right to the reparation and guar
antees promised by most solemn as
surances. In tho midst of the na
tion's distress wo commit to your
hands our destra and our cuntl
dence." Illir Gold IiidPllliitt ,
The Catholic newspaper .Vofion !7elge
says It has been Informed that Premier
Delacroix told- his colleagues at the
Cabinet session yesterday that Belgium
Is receive Immediately tSOe.000,000
111 ttold nnd that the AIHpk nr.. tn re
linquish tho advances mado to Belgium
mus lar 01 ni'out un.ooo
Tho psper also stales that all ma
terials reoul. Itlnnod nr destmvpd liv elm
Germans nro to bo returned Immediately
and that Germany Is to glvn Belgium
annually for a certain number of years
8.000,000 tons of coal. rejiresentlng 400,.
000.000 fr.-itu-s. It adds that imvnn.nl l,v
Germany of 7,000,000,000 nnrks In clrcr-
lation lit iieigium wnen tno nrtnlstlro
was signed la to tnko place without tho
Intervention of tho Allies nnd Hum la de
pendent upon tho economic reconstruc
tion 01 .iormany.
Paws, May 4. Tho Tfinis says that
the entlro French Cabinet Is faoralily
Impressed by the report on tho penco
tieaty, and adds that Paul Hymans, the
Belgian Porclun Minister and ni-n
egate, left yesterday for Brussels with
two jiroposltlnns to bo considered by the
two jiroposltlnns to bo considered by the
Belgian Government Theso concern tho
nrl,if-lt- llt.rl.t..t'a lntm tn
priority of Belgium's claim to the
amount of 1500.000.000 lu gold against
Germany's first reparation payment, and
the clearing up of Belgium's war debt
without reserve and with Iho elimina
tion of the coeAKIons which previously
attached to ferls.
Big Three Ask Orlando anfl
Sonnino to See Treaty,
Presented Germans. !
Compromise of Deadlock
Over tho Adriatic Be
lieved to Bo Near.-
Invitation to Austria ant
Hungary Used as Lover to
Bring tho Italians.
By a Staff Corretpondent of Turn Sb,
Copyright. im; oil rightt reterved.
Paris, May 4. Ucforo sending an
Invitation to Italy to-day to return tq
the Peace Confercnco tho Council o
Three discussed the dilemma for twd
days. Tho Invitation, It Is reporte4
here, carries nn Intimation that Prcsl.
dent Wilson may reconsider his etand
on Flume, which has proved the par
tlculnr stumbling block, first In tttO
Italians leaving tho confercnco and
second in the negotiations to get them
to return.
The French have been acting as In
termediaries in tho dealings with thd
Italians, and It Is significant that thq
French Ambassador in Homo has ls
sued n flat denial that France evec
approved the Wilson statement, ex
plaining his stand on the Adriatic Is.
sue and tho demnnds of Italv. Thin
evidently has displeased tho friends of
President Wilson here.
Tho report also Is heard In Paris
that tho Invitation to Austrln to send
delegates to the Peace Confercnco was
extended In the hope of scarlne Itnlv
and getting her to return. In view of
the Invitation of tho Itlg Three to tho
Homo Government and tho wllllnc.
ness of the Italians to return under
certain conditions. It begins to appear
that Premier Orlando, Baron Sonnino
and tho rest of the Italian peaco mis
sion will be backjn Paris within a
few days.
By the Aeiortatrd rrett.
Paris, May 4. President Wilson.
rremler Clemenceau
and Prcmlef
Lloyd George, composing the Council
of Three, sent a communication to-day
to the Itnlinn Government inviting it;
to resume its placo at tho Pcaco Con
ference. Tho council's invitation Is of such n,
iiaturo thnt it is belloved Italy wll
accept it and that the relations tem
porarily broken by tho recent depart
ure from Paris of Premier Orlando and
Foreign Minister Sonnino will be re
stored by tho presence of Italian dele
gates at tho conference beforo tho
treaty Is delivered to tho German dele
gates. I.o Gnnrdla Is Hopefnl.
Tho Council of Threo considered ths
Italian situation In Its deliberations
during the last two days nnd finally
determined upon an initlatlvo of tho
friendliest nature. Tho terms of tha
communication to the Italian Govern
ment have not been disclosed, but It Is
believed they seelt to remove tho per
sonal element of tlio controversy ant
to pave the way for a territorial ad
justment when the relations aro re
sumed. Major Florello II. I.a Gunrdla, a
member of the T'nlted States House of
ltoprrsentatives from New York, who
is an Itnllan by birth, after seeing Col,
House to-day said ho believed tho en
tire Italian question could bo settled
within forty. eight hours. Ho added
he was urging that pride should not
stnnd in tho way of Italy accepting
tho first overture made from Paris.
Nottncrt na to Anatrtn. !
According to tho Havas agency!
President Wilson, Premier Lloyd I
George and Premier Clemenceau vos.
tcrday examined the situation created
by the absence of tho Italian delega.
tlon nt the time when peace prcllml-r-nnrle.i
nro nbout to he slcned. ThnJ-
dellbe-rntod In a spirit of the utmost
friendliness fur Italy and resolved, In
principle, on the communication which
was forwarded to Homo to-dny.
Itnly nlso has ben notified of ttto
Allies' .Intention to e-all Austrian and
Iliinparlun delegates to tho Peace
London, May 4. Telegrams from th
Italian capital reporting the efforts be-(lie-
made hv allied diiilnmuta t.. h.nl 4ti
breach caused by the absenco of Italy's
delegation at the Peace Conference, say
that Cnmlllo Ilarrcre, tho French Am
bassador at Home, conferred with Pre
mier Uihindi) yesterday from ll:3S A.
M. until noon.
Fritnce Mny He Intermediary.
A conflict of opinion Is apparent
nmoni; the Italian newspaper legardlng
a possible .ettlemem eif tho Adrlatla
ejuestlon Ono Home mesiago says th
Kptica understands a solution of the
Flume dispute will bo proposed, with
Prance acting as Intermedin . Another
telegram, however, uotcs the GiornaU
a" Italia ns stating there Is no found-
tlmi fn- It I a r.mni-.
Home, M ly 4 Premier Orlando oon
feired nt length jesterday with Kills
Jones (irlfll'h, formerly Parliamentary
Under Secretary to tho British Homo
Oftlce, Tlio interview lu considered In

xml | txt