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ia . 'THE SUN, ' MONDAY, MAY ' 26, 1919.
- 'i r - I St I AJtmrnaaaan. xvmmmtm. AiytTOPBEMENT. j nnwan NEW AERIAL RECORD LIGHT TO BE THROWN ON LATIN AMERICA SALTPETRE GOES DP IN PRICE IN CHILE 7b Manufacturers MADE BY CHILEANS Wo offoi tho seiviceB of a uniquo dish Uniting oiaan izatlon, including selling offices in South America and connections, in most Eaits of tho Colonial woild. lui expott oxpeiienco ox tends ovci a peiiod of 28 yeais. Wo attond to all matteis pettaining to ox poit: shipping, "fieipjnt, in stance, Danking, etc. Further information on request , W. Tyrie Stevens 5 State Street, New York Sao Paulo Buenoa Alrea BUSINESS OFPOBTTOIHIM. " COMMERCIAL INFORMATION HAVANA, CUBA AND THE U. S. A. INFORMATION AGENCY General Offices, Obrapia No. 98, Dept. 21, Havana, Cuba. We are In a position to furnish to whola nl houses ana manufacturers In tha llulted BUtu full Information regardlng the standing and financial potltlon1 ot any firm and businesses In all lino In this S public (or each information, ILstt. anager ana Dlreotori Alberto Sosa T j uraaq. WEST INDIES TRADE. American business man, twenty years' experience and study West Indian and adjacent South Ameri cas export field, established in busi ness, will visit New York early in June. Has for consideration of large export corporation genuinely interested a proposition worthy of investigation, (office. , W. I., box 127 Sun BRAZIL, South America Reliable'- Information relatlra to Com' martial, Financial. Mining, Industrial and Agricultural affairs of tnls country may be ebtalnsq br applying to i W11XIAM ADBOTT TVITMAN, Sr.. 08 Berks Trtiit BulMlng, RBADrNO. PENN8TIVANIATn, a A. CUBAN FOOD TRADE TAKEN FROM SPAIN War Greatly Increases Im ports of Dairy Products From United States. Tho extent to which Cuba depends on the United States forfoodstuffs and even for forage la little appreciated. Cuba Is more commonly thought of aa a market for American manufactured products than for agricultural and daily prod ucts, such as beans and butter. Before the war a great part of the groceries Imported were purchased through Barcelona, and Spanish and lYench brands of food products were preeminent In the markets of the Island. Before America entered the war In 1916 Spain shipped to Cuba 272,000 pounds of butter against an Importation or JiT.OOO from the United States. The year 1917 showed an Immediate Im provement with 383,000 pounds from the United States against 319,000 from Spain. In the following year the main supplies of butter from Denmark were practically cut off, and although statis tics are not as yet available. It Is under, stood that a still larger part was lm ported from this country. Although we are not reputed to be extensive manufacturers of cheese, we nevertheless lead In the exportation of encess to uuon.. in 1918 1,700.000 pounds and l.COO.OOO pounds In 1917 went from the United Statea Mean while all other countries together sup plied 970,000 pounds In 1910 and only aiu.uuu in 117. IDS uanco Mercantll Americano Cuba, the Havana amilatlon of the Mer cantile Bank of the Americas, has been Instrumental In compiling data on this subject, some of which Is In the hands of waiter M. Van Deusen, assistant mana ger ot uie latter mentioned institution. uunni the war." said Mr. Van Deusen, "Cuban buyers were forced into our markets, desperate to purchase sup plies of produce sufficient to meet the pressing demands of hnmn MnmimntiAn They found our War Trade Board rul ings liberal toward our allied neighbors and an enormous movement of foodstuffs to Cuba quickly resulted. As Cuba was prosperous and able to bid high In the market price was no obstacle to this trace. -rne conclusion was that Cuba has become familiar with American brands or canned and package goods) aa well as with the quality of our dairy prod- nets. To give an of foodstuffs United States presented as Idea of the Importance and forage from the the following list Is representing the artl- cles arriving In Havana on a sin gle oay in the present month from Florida, New Orleans and Baltimore only j Rice, 1.14S sacks; beans, 2,402 sacks t oats, 600 sacks; grain. 1,000 aeks; maize, 9,972 sacks; eggs, 2,828 cases; herrings, 500 cases; macaroni 4 cases; tomatoes, 200 cases; canned Vegetables, CO cases; canned peas, 60 cases; lard. 348 tierces; shrimps, 24 .ierces; fish, 67S cases; potatoes, 7,738 barrels; onions, 9,177 crates; pork, 27 316 kilos; butter. 100 cartons; hay. 675 bales. PARCELS POST TO CHILE. B9 Cents m Pound R ate Is Gi. tabltshed. Commencing at once, parcel post pack ages will be accepted for dispatch to Chile at the postage rate of 12 cents a pound, and with a weight limit of eleven pounds, under the restrictions Imposed in section 110, on page 152, of the An nual Postal Guide for 1918 and the ape. clal prohibition set forth In the Item "Chile," on page 113 of tho Annual Pos tal Guide for 1917. Psroel post malls will be prepared ami despatched from New York. New Orleans and Baa Francisco, whlc-v u the sucet ejxpediuoua routs Crossing Andos 18,000 . Foot High Is Common Jour ney for Fliers. PERIIS FAIL TO DAUNT One Young Army Officor Scores Bound Trip, Santi- ago-Mondoza, By ERNESTO MONTENEGRO, V. 5. Correspondent for Bl Uercvrio of Chile. The daring enterprise of the Ameri can military aviators now engaged In crossing the Atlantic Is a matter for just pride, not only for this race and nation but for every civilized man who rejoices In seeing that together with the growing knowledge of mankind the virtues of dis interestedness and courage are still strong as even, At the same time other human creatures) are fighting the ele ments In other corners of the globe, striving to defeat the heretofore Impossi ble over the seaa and over the moun tains. X feat not less hazardous than that attempted by Hawker and Grieve was carried to a successful end a short time ago by a Chilean aviator, when he crossed and recrossed over the highest range of the Cord Ills of the Andes with out carrying even a compass and hardly enough fuel' for the two hours ot direct flight over a mass of rocks 100 miles broad. Lieut Armando Cortlnex of the Chilean Aviation School Is the hero ot this double crossing ot the Andes, which was already carried out for the first time over the same point by one of his col leagues, Lieut Dagoberto Godoy, a year ago. Contest for Six Tears. There has been a very close contest for the last six years between Argen tines and Chileans, both jealous ot gaining the honor of being the first to conquer the snowcapped mountains that constitute their common boundary. In 191! several aviators of both nationali ties announced their Intention of defying the formidable barrier, and the roost notable among them and undoubtedly the best prepared of them all, the Argen tine Engineer Newbery, was killed In an accident after having everything ready for the flight But the glory of Its accomplishment was reserved for men who. tnougn not less courageous and trained than the Ar gentine aviator, hsM at the same time at their disposal an aeroplane more ade quate for the navigation of heights only explored until then ty uie eagie ana we condor, pilots of the whirlwind. So, after Newbery, the Argentine Mas das and the Chilean Fuenteo, who were looked open by their countrymen as their champions, had to postpone over and over again their attempts, owing to the Insufficient power of their machines. At last, Lieut Candalarla of the Argen tine army, crossed to the south Into Chile, at a height of 10.000 feet proving by his act that the Andes were not more to be feared than the Alps, In the press ing of which the Peruvian aviator Chaves proved for the first time the ca pability of the Latin American peoples for this, the newest ot the sclemtiflo con quests. Not three months had elapsed from the time of Candelarla's flight when Go doy flew from Santiago to Mendosa In a straight route, his Bristol soaring over precipices thousands of feet high. This seemed the last word In the matter of tempting death. In order to traverse safely the steep crags of the mountains, far up from the abysses, the aeroplane had to maintain an even flight over the 19,000 feet marked by the sum mit of the Andes. To the left the pyra mid of the Aconcagua raises Its head up to more than 20.000 feet overlooking the Paclflo Ocean 100 miles to the west Aerial 'Ilero Acclaimed. It eeems but natural that the Chileans should brave the sharp crests of the Andes, since the valleys of their country are but green nests cut Into the sierras. They have grown up In the shadow of the mountains, which have given them a hardness of mucle, a sobriety of expres sion and a spirit of enterprise of true mountaineers. No wonder, then, that Chileans have hallod the prowess ot Lleuts. Godoy and Cortlnez as a genuine demonstration of the spirit of their people, and that over j their attainment a high sort of emulation and cportmanshlp has found expression, ; both in Argentina and Chile a mutual exchange of courtesy and good will which should appear aa an example to other South American countries. Lieut Cortlnex chose April I to pass tho Andes with the purpose of taking a wreath to the monument of Gen. San Martin In Mendoza, which Is the same date that commemorates the common tri umph of Argentinians and Chileans against the Spanish domination. At dawn he secretly took his aeroplane into the field and pretending to make a simple journey to Santiago, he ventured to re trace high above the clouds tho same rough trails crossed over by the armies of patriots who came to liberate the country more than 100 years ago. For more than one hour the aviator had beon passing over the dominion of gales and eternal snow. The least In terruption of the frail motor of the air plane, the slightest weakening of .the man's self-control, would have meant death. An unmarked grave lay concealed In one of those sombre depths of the formidable panorama. And nothing that Lieut Cortlnex saw there and nothing that he could Imagine Influenced his res olution of making the same perilous trip back to his country some days after. Such men are trained by the Aviation Military School of Chile, recently founded by Gen. Pinto-Concha, who ll now in the States en route to the Orient TRADE OPPORTUNITIES. Tt&aarvad addresses miv fc. Aht.tn.A from the Bureau tff Forelrn and Domestlo commerce, wasninrton, u. c, and Its district and coooeratlva offices. Rsauest for each opportunity should be on a sep arate sheet and stats opportunity number. The Bureau does not furnish credit ratlnrs or assume responsibility as to tha standing of foreign Inquirers; the usual precautions should he taken In all cases. Symbols! " Reported br American consular officers: t lleported bv commercial attaches and trade commissioners; t Dlreot Inquiries re ceived by the Bureau. Machinery most. A nrm wishing to establish a factory In Panama for the pro duction of carbonic-acid gas desires to communicate with manufacturers of ma chinery used In such a factory. Ref erences. B milt. Representation Is desired by a man In Ouatemala for tho sals of dry goods, hardware. Juts bags, medicines, gro ceries, etc. Correspondence should bo In Spanish. References. Bottle Caps 1S1I4. A manasar of an aetata In Mexico wlshss to purchase IS barrels of bicarbonate o soda, chemically purei 1,000 gross soda-water bottle caps, standard slse, and 100 pounds of sulphuric acid, eommerslally pure. Quotations should fce given c I f. El Paso. Tex. Payment, cash upon delivery of sooda. Correspon dence may tie In Bncllsh. Reference. Automobile IMSJt. The represent ation of firms deallnr In automobiles and motorcycles la desired by a man In Uru suay. neferencea. Agricultural Machinery 2944tt. Ann. cles are drolred by a Arm In Brazil for the aale of rubber tires, rubber roods, machine tools, plows, azrlcultural machin ery, colore, dyes, chemicals, hlch-rrade papers and alno plates for zlncosraphy. CorrespoaOooao may ba In UmU-v u.i. Israace. f Tho Conference Noxt WcoH Will Got Views From Many Sources. TO DISSIPATE HAZY IDEAS Beprosentatlvcs of Countries in Pan-American Union .Will Speak. Specially tcrtf t en for the Latin American Section of Tits Strw. While the Pan-American Commercial Conference, which Is to convene In Wash ington next week under auspices of the Pan-American Union, may take no defi nite action, much good oftentimes results from talk. It Is the purpose of the con ference to bring together persons Inter ested In Latin American affair a, Repre sentatives of the various Government forming the Pan-Araerloan Union, diplo matic, consular', commercial and finan cial : representatives of North and South American firms, trade experts, commer cial and manufaoturinar. and offldala of the different departments and bureaus ot me government having to do with the foreign economic, financial and commer cial relations will meet for an exchange of views and Information. To many persons the countries repre sented by the Pan-Amerloan Union form topics ,of unfailing interest and material for Inexhaustible discussion. To such persons the coming commercial confer ence Is Important. The manufacture! desires to know what demand there Is or may be created for his outnut : tha mar chant wants to know what he can sell ; the buyer wants to know whether tha goods onerea meet bis requirements and those of his customers the trade experts and commercial representatives of the vari ous Governments are Interested in bring ing buyer and seller together; diplomatic and consular representatives are desirous of disseminating Information, and so on. At. the same time, that which may form a toplo of particular Interest to one per son may not interest another. The salesman, for example, desirous of finding a market for his typewriters may not be particularly interested In the blanketed Andean trudging over barren mountain heights with a back load of merchandise and sustaining himself on a handful of coca leaves, nor the oil man In the picturesque Indian sailing his canoe on river or lake with his shirt for a sail. Tet the seller of typewriters may depend upon the despised Andean to get his machines to a profitable mar ket and the oil man on the picturesque Indian In the canoe to get himself or bis j agents to the prospective oil fields. Many Take Too Narrow a View. The trouble with us, while our official experts are studying and devising means to increase our foreign trade and com merce, is that we do not always see clearly. We are too apt to Judge other peoples from a narrow point of view or by our own standards. Our wealth and advancement have been so rapid we fait to understand that there are others making strides in tile world's advancement relatively as great as our own. If not In many In stances greater. With respect to Latin America we are only too apt to seo the half naked or ragged Indian of the pic ture papers and story books, just aa our cousins across the sea a generation ago had an Idea that men In New Tork or Chicago went about In broad brimmed hats and high boots, armed with hunting knives and revolvers, and were in dan ger ot being scalped by Indians on the outskirts of the cities. Hardly more than a generation ago Argentina was little else than a vast territory of pampas covered with wild grass, with Isolated settlements of bar baric guachos here and there, who fought one another for the spoils of war. It was a blood soaked land. Its capital. Buenos Ayres, was a capital In name only, ruled periodically by self constituted tyrants, one of them at least rivalling Nero of old with deeds of cruelty and bloody despotism. Paraguay was not much better under the despotic sway of Francis, who not only closed his country to the outside world, permitting no one to leave It or enter It but made his own sweet and capricious will the law of tho land. and ruled It without the aid of cabinet or ministry. .Bolivia, having fallen from Its high rank as one of the greatest gold and silver producing countries In the world, having poured billions of dollars of those precious metals Into the lap of Spain, was ruled by a few petty, squab bling politicians. Ecuador was about on the same level, and both Colombia and Venezuela were tom with revolutions and internecine strife. Some of the other countries were so poor economically that having neither adequate arms nor ammunition, and not much else but courage, their so-called revolutions amounted to little more than mob uprisings led by political generals, inflicting for the most part much suffer ing on tho people, who were always wirir innocent victims. All this is changed now. The strides made by several of the countries are little less than phenomenal. Argentina, for example, is no longer a country of pampas and wild grass. Where the seml barbarle guacho formerly rode his pie bald horse steel rails are laid and tho steam engine puffs along. Great herds or cattle graze where only tho silent Indian roamed. Countless flocks of sheep feed and fatten where there were onlv desert wastes, and ripening wheat may be seen as far as the eye can reach. fatagonia or our school days, which was a no man's land. Is trekked bv the settler's caravan. Buenos Ayrcs, the capital of despotism and sanguinary strife, is a metropollc, a prodigy of siaieiy Duncungs ana lavish wealth Paragsar a Rich Country. Uruguay, which was n dependency of Portuguese cutthroats and pirates, with out a name, where under the fierce Artlgas human life was not worth a song, is now an Independent country, rich In cattle and corn. Far away Para guay, where oranges bloom and fragrant tea soothes the mind, the Dictator Francla is nut a memory of romance and story, And poor Bolivia, shoved way up In ner bleak, barren, snowy altitudes whence much wealth poured into tho lan of 6paln, Is waking up. The Iron horse is slowly seeking Its way through her mountain passes, and her sparsely dodu lated forest lands to the north and east are being explored and settled. Cnnlt&l Is being sought for the exploitation of her mineral wealth and the day Is not far distant when she may be counted among the rich again. One of the great mistakes our people make la the belief that all these coun tries are pretty much the same. Such is not the case. One differs from tho others as much aa Germany differs from France. Holland from England, or Italy from Austria. They differ In physical features. In climate. In racial character istics, temperament and In some In stances In language. The peoples dif fer, some of them as greatly as the craggy heights and bleak table lands Of the one differ from the smiling verdure of green valleys and silently flowing streams of the other. On the one hand we have a con servatism as hard and fast as the An dean rocks, whils on the other hand we have a progreulvanea as flimsy as the Lifting of Ban on Nltrato liy U. S. Causos Reaction in tho Market. SHIPS TO BE SENT HEBE Chilean Navigation Co. Will Invest War Profits in Big Now Vcssols. Special Cable Vttpotck 4o Tan Sen. Baht-aoo, Chile., May 26. With the announcement that the Government of the United States will permit the Im portation of nitrate, beginning July 1, a noticeable reaction has taken place in the market value of saltpotre. The pro ducers hope that the United States will use large quantities ot Chilean salt petre. The Association Salltrera will do everything possible to make the salt petre better known to the agriculturists of North America. Besides tha steamship lines estab lished betweon 8weden and Chile, a naw Italian line Is being formed. The Ital ian capitalists are taking much Interest In Chile, whera they have Invested 600, 000,000 lira a. The immigration from Italy to Chile will be great Judging from the number of requests for pass ports pending In the Chilean Consulates' offices In Italy. The Government Is taking steps to Identify certain corresDondantn nf for. elgn dally newspapers who have abused the liberty which Chile gives to com munications, through which thsy have been sending false Information, making irouDte tor me country. Considerable surprise has been caused In Chile br tha Brazilian nreaa crltletmn of the United States' relations with that country. Part of the Brazilian press be lieves that the United States will adopt an Imperial policy. Here It Is estimated mat a wide union of A. B. C (Argen tina, Brazil and Chile) to march In accord In a continental policy with the United States would be the best guar antee of American Independence, and uie Dost manner of maintaining the Monroe Doctrine, as Roosevelt sustained It on his trip to those countries. The attack by the Brazilian press can be nothing, but tha expression of opinion of individuals, as Is often seen In the press of Latin America, due in a large part to the United States Itself, which does not do what Is necessary to know the countries better. The Department of Exterior Relations has officially declared that Chile has made no request to know from tha Mex ican Government what attitude it will take regarding the adoption of the Mon roe Doctrine by the League of Nations, and that consequently, Chile Is not In cluded in the allusion mads by the Min ister of Exterior Relations of Mexico In declaring his non-acceptance of the doc trine. Fresh exports have caused exchange to go up slowly. The Chilean dollar Is worth 11 cents. The Government Is studying a definite manner of Cxlng the value of money In order to avoid specu lation. The Chilean Mission, headed by the Minister 'Plenipotentiary, Don Emillo Hello codecldo, la receiving In J Bolivia the evidences of sympathy which have always been dispensed In that country, to Chilean diplomatists. It is hoped that the friendship between Chile and Bolivia will be established for all time on the basis of mutual advantages. Bello Co decldo knows fully tha Chilean and Bo livian relations. The recent tornadoes In the central part of the country did not assume tha proportions announced and the damage was not great The Consul-General of Chile In New Tork, Carlos Castro Ruiz, will come to Chile to take up tha post of Sub-Secretary ot Railroads. Gustavo Muntzaga Varela, advisor of the Embassy In Washington, will take the office. Chile's Government through the Con-sul-Oeneral of Chile In New Tork. has given 35,000 toward the fund for a hos pital for Spanish speaking people In New Tork, where Spanish and Latin Americans who are 111 may receive care nrm win nui neea do sent to cnaritaoie Institutions of other nationalities. Other donations will soon bo received here. The Chilean Nnvlgatlon Company, which has existed nfty years, and which has always maintained a prominent place In merchant navigation on the Pa cific Is enjoying an enlarged programmo wnicn tne four years of war had pre vented. The enormous earnings of tha last four years by the fifteen ships which formed its fleet will be turned. It Is said, Into modern vessels, which will go to Ne.w Tork. Its vessels went formerly only to San Francisco. Indian's shirt serving as a sail for his canoe, netween wo have evenly bal anced peoplffl whose progress Is based upon solid jrround. Conservative Chile, for example, never has sailed Into the realms of dreamland to become wrecked upon a lee shore. Her people, the descendants of Spaniards who had to fight for every rod of land they possessed, are cold, practical, war like, and yet with one exception they never have Indulged In revolutions or Internal strife. That one exception was ot short duration and It coet 10,000 lives. (Revolutions In many instances were due to an economic condition. Men of ability. Initiative, bold and courageous, and many times men educated In ad vance of their times, without occupation and untrained for either Industrial or agricultural pursuits, saw no opportuni ties for advancement except through political offlco. Consequently revolution and Internal strife became a sort of pro fession. Governments were run by po litical cliques; In some Instances by the heads of a few families. Parasites Ground the Poor, It was the problom of those In power to maintain themselves In power, while the professional man, without an occu pation, without an edaquate Income per haps, studied, conspired and fought when the opportunity presented ltsetf to gain the office to which he aspired and which would give him the coveted power and occupation. And the people always were the goats. They mads tha sacrifices and sooner or later paid tha bills. All this la changing now. The fight ing man who formerly belted on a sabre and prated about liberty to a few taterdemnllon recruits, giving them the choice of being shot or following him to victory. Is finding It more profitable snd safer by far to recruit the sRtne class of men for agricultural pursuits, mining industries or railroad building. The Indian himself, sailing his canoe with a shirt for a sail, Is losing his picturesque ness In the prosaic work of tapping an oil well, of ploughing the ground or harvesting a field of wheat. It Is the purpose of the Pan-American Commercial Conference, by bringing to gether representatives of and specialists In Latin American affairs, commercial men and manufacturers, to develop fully rrucn vniuame iniormation. "vnn there arc those who naturally sneer at the Idea of the conference being of practical bene fit, there Is no question but that the Interchange of Ideas and Information and even criticisms In some Instances will bs productive of much food for thought and originate new Ideas that win lead to practical results. High Record for Exports April export figures, just- announced, show a total of $715,000,000, surpassing the high record of January by nearly $100,000,000. Exports for ten months oi the present fiscal year, ending June 80th, are valued at $5,705,000,000, and im ports at $2,474,000,000, indicating another record for the year. The Citizens National Bank ofera merchants and manufacturers the services of a completely equipped foreign department for tho transaction of business abroad. Tins Citizens Nattonax Bank OF NEW YORK 320 BROADWAY Eitablished 1851 BETTER UNDERSTANDING "Mental Hospitality" an Important Factor in Develop ing Closer Relations A Highly Cultivated People Well Worth Knowing. By CLAYTON S. COOPEIt. The phrase "mental hospitality' has been attributed to Confucius, the Chinese philosopher; It represents a characteris tic of those who coma nearest to a suc cessful existence among tha Latin Amer icans. It Is on essential requirement for understanding the Latin Americana The phrase signifies a willing desire to know. It Involves sympathetic Imagina tion. It represents the opposite of pre conceived prejudice. It opens tha door to clear an honest understanding. It makes for what President Sutler of Columbia University has called "the In ternational mind." It Is hospitality of tha mind and spirit that Is most needed to-day between tha two Americas. I know that wa are told that commerce Is the Ufa blood ot the nation, but tha heart of a nation Is more vital even than Its blood, and we In the United States do not know the heart ot tha Latin people. Their Inner Intent, their motives and their customs growing naturally out of their traditions and history, their Ideals and admirations shaped by climate and environments di verse from our own, are still a sealed book to most of us here In these United Htatea. Wa are gradually getting closer to South Americans In trade, but trad re lations with a people do not necessarily Imply personal acquaintance any more than courteous deference Implies mutual understanding. Bras II Werls Cultivating. I plead with those who are Interested in our relations with Brazil, in many senses the greatest and most Important ot all the Republics lying to the south of us, that we endeavor to get acquainted with her In the realm of her deepest springs of Ufa ; that wa bring to the sub ject of our study a mental reciprocity, and that we set ourselves to that hardest of tasks. Individual or naUonal, the at tempt to fathom something of the soul of these people without whloh Knowleoge and understanding, trad and political contacts will register only our superficial and temporary success. There Is, first of all, the need of clear historical perspective. It is apparent that we are Inclined to seek In all tha Latin American countries for tha same conditions existing In our Northern lands, and we forget that the streams of beginnings of our respective countries arose from most diverse sources. Brazil was more fortunate than some of her South American neighbors, both In the character and also In the alms ot her first settlers and rulers for the early centuries of her existence. Generally epeaktnr, howtvez.. the Latin American's quite as Important to bs agreeable; em CHILE Its Educational System CHILE'S educational system, large- ly a function of the nation, is or ganized on the most modern lines and is carefully supervised. More than 5,000 schools are maintained, or about one for every 1,000 inhabitants. TrORE than three thousand students are enrolled at the two universi ties in Santiago, the capital, and thor oughly modern courses are given in engineering, law, architecture, chem istry, medicine, and the fine arts. For primary education there are three thousand five hundred schools with 250 secondary schools for higher edu cational endeavor, and the Govern ment is investing at present three million dollars in new school build ings. Q PEGIAL institutions are main- tained by the Government, twenty-five of which specialize in commer cial education. Professional, techni WILL AID U. S. TRADE world is one In which there are sharp divergent contrasts from tha United States In racial and colonization mat ters. While our Northern "ProTldscUal ne publto" began from the very start with men and their families coming from the Old World with deep personal and re ligious convictions, somewhat schooled already In the science of self-government Brazil was ruled rather than col onized, and that by men who knew and cared far more for navigation, adventure and tha spoils of autocratic office than for constructive upbuilding of a new country. Formed a Creole Stock. These early Portuguese, unlike the Virginians and New Bnglanders. did not as a rule bring wives and families, but Intermarried with tho Indians and later with the negroes, forming a mestizo and Creole stock which has not become a fixed or uniform type, but Is tending to. ward a new Brazilian strain. To understand and appreciate Latin America one must realize that the peo ple are engaged In a herculean strug gle to free themselves from Inherited conditions, many of which were bad. Brazil Is striving just now to convert a population Into practical business men, whose members are by nature and train ing Cne orators, cultured debaters, the orists and Idealists, receiving an Inheri tance from their progenitors that aris tocracy does not spell "work," especially commercialism. The things that these Intelligent people are doing with their big country, despite such handicaps ot tradttlon, are worth any man's time to go and see. It Is the testimony ot those who have known the Brazilians best that If a larger proportion of our countrymen could be brought Into personal contact with the high minded, cultured and thoughtful gentlemen of this country (and there Is no more finished product of polished gentlemanhcod with which we are acquainted In any part ot the world than the Brazilian as he exists to day at the summit of his society); could our scholars and our best men in publlo Ufa, who are not first of all Interested In selling something, visit these people as we visit Europeans there would be new light cast upon American-Brazilian relationships. It Is a good thing to remember when we come down here out of our cold, clear crystal civilization, where men always stand to attention In business, that In this land beneath the Southern Cross It cal and agricultural schools are main tained. Institutes are conducted for Instruction in physical improvement, manual training, decorative arts, for the deaf and blind and for reforma tory purposes. There are special col leges for the army and navy and all studies pertaining thereto. Private in struction is fostered. Every encour agement is given the intellectual and -JjL 1 if. . t m pnymcai progress oi tne Chile. "VLD in years and traditions, Chile is new in spirit a spirit which is finding its effect in the advance ment and development of its commer cial and industrial resources, and is destined to take an important place in the world's economic structure. In bonding Chile's industries there is much to interest American capital and constructive genius, both of which will find warm welcome in the southern republic. Foreign Credits Many considerations govern the successful entry of Ameri can business in foreign trade. Chlet of these have to do with finance end credits. Through our twenty-two offices in South America we are in a position to furnish trade and credit information on foreign markets and set for you m any capacity where a bank specializing m foreign business can be of service. Our Service in Europe England, France and Spain are completely covered by seven of our own oil Ices. Correspondents are located in al other parts of the world. Thus we are enabled to offer the broadest kind ot toreign banking sendee. Our facilities are at jour disposal through the medium oi your own bank, if you so desire. Write for Booklet "Collection Tariff." Anglo South American Bank. Ltd. New York Agency, 49 Broadway Head Office London to be efficient Results, of course, are valued as they are everywhere, but the manner In which they are achieved Is also considered. Brazilians are not only Interested In what a man does, but also In how he does It America Held In High Esteem. If the spirit and the method of attain ing their goal receives marked attention. It may account for the fact that certain goals do not obtain such specialized and concentrated attention aa In the North. It would seem that some one, or some thing, should have intervened long be fore all these centuries had rolled their generations by, to bring Brazil and the United Statea Into a closer copartnership of spirit and activity than now exlnta. Of all the Latin American nations, I doubt If any holds the United States In higher esteem than do the Brazilians, while In turn one rarely hears anything but good and favorable comment in our country concerning the people who have placed the Monroe Palace on the most queenly site ot their beautiful capital, Rio de Janeiro. Both countries are building their civilizations around the liberty loving principle ; both are manifest enemies to militarism of the monarchical stripe, and both are working out their salva tion In a highly productive new world of agricultural and Industrial possibility. Brazil exports In normal times the great bulk of her products to the United States, and she Is beginning to turn more read ily than In the past to North America for her supplies. There are many funda mental reasons for a close and friendly union between Braztl and the United Statea Those who are even now pioneering Latin American trade are amazed fre quently at the far sighted care with whloh nations of the Old World have trained and studied to gain this field. Our new vanguard of young men who are being sent Latin America-ward are beginning to see that In this great In dustrial game they are to compete with the most skilful and experienced trader of the world, the Englishman, an with one of the most calculating and adapt able of business men, the German manufacturer. Differences Due to Ignorance. It would seem that the majority of differences which have occurred In the past between North and South America have been due to an Ignorance ot actual conditions on both sides as they exist in the other's country. The VrocesB of edu cation now going on so vigorously In the United States Latin American history snd language courses In the schools : visits by travellers and Government and business delegations to the southern re publics; the sending of ever larger dele gations of students to study in American universities; the choosing of educated and socially trained men to take the places in Latin American cities once held ty untrained and often crudely unscru pulous commercial acuta; exchange of of Capital and Reserves Over 532,000,000 professors, and the great amount e' magazine and other literature uted I clubs and conferences and Illustrated lectures about the people who are ouv neighbors and still strangers to us a this fine propaganda Is certain to yield fruitage and cast new light upon rela tionships. If there could be a series ot small and Inexpensive books In Portuguese enJ Spanish for the Brazilians and dwellers In the other republics telling clearly anJ frankly something of our American his tory and present day Ideals, with a similar serlts In English about South Americans to be sown broadcast over our northern continent and used in our new training schools for young prospe tlve business men going southward on commerce bent. It would be an aid to a better mental picture arul a morn exact understanding on the part of both sec tlons. By every contact, personal and other wise, there must be Inculcated a rels tlonshlp based not simply upon polltioi or financial expediency. If the associa tions are to persist and grow Into wsrni friendship. As President Wilson ex pressed this principle regarding Pout America not long since; "We must prove ourselves their friend, and champions upon terms of equsllt' and honor. You cannot be friends upo" any other terms than upon the terms of . equality." Such high terms require n hosnmlitv I of both mind and heart, applied ho' ' ways, from the South as from the N'urf I They require the learning thut there a I some habits and traits of success Hhie are atmospheric In their workings the i realization that nations' souls urn! tU!r I Idealism are as Important to studj creuits ana packing methods. In the understanding and the m, ful association of the Inhabits i .. these two Americas there is soim 'h ns Intangibly subtle arul powerfullj io"' ' something that cannot bo 1" r""1 through commercial reports or t.b.j a-e in commission houses. It ih t w rf' ' of mutually satisfactory contact eti man and man, because, thni unders'" t each other in an understindinK t tet ing and sentiment. It Is In the recioi ' the heart ai well as the head that me" truly meet, and this Ih the highest del nltlon of mental hospitality. Coming Holidays in Latin America THE following are liolldsv. In Latin America : Thursday May 29, Argentina, Ilrnill, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Gulna, Uuatcn ma Haytl, Honduras. Moxico, Nicaragua Panama, Peru, Uruguay and ene zuela; Friday. May 30, Porto Itlfo Sunday, June I, Brazil. These are mentioned as a reminder to those who transact business by cable. people