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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, July 19, 1919, Image 2

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THE SUN, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1919.
him this or not, but he made the as-l think any question on this point would
ertlon with Krent confidence. Also helev'r be raised.
mid he wm leaving for H wnmpei ott lni developed, following the conference,
u i, 1 i hi. i.iT .i 1 that a resolution expressing the sense
an hour and trusted his visit wotild i .. , cv , ; i .
. in. u 1 ocnwr, or vi i ihikibw, ic.iuihi
not be misconstrued. Rerftitor Hitch
cock seemed quite happy.
Mtnntlon In Committee.
With the Republicans of the For
eign Relations Committee buckling
down to hard work and reviewing the
treaty In executive session line by line
great dissatisfaction with their Demo
cratic colleagues' Inattention to this
vital, If burdensome, duty is being
manifested. Democratic indifference
the Shantung settlement, may be Intro
duced shortly. Senators considering such
action are not ready even to outline It
further than to say It would express
dissatisfaction with the settlement, and
express the opinion that this case should
receive the early attention of the league
mid be adjusted In accordance with prin
ciples of international Justice. With
st'Cli an expression. It Is believed by men
who talked with him, the President
would be entirely In accord.
The President feels that among the
Important features nf the league Cov-
would perhaps be a more acourute errant is the provision ror uiarussioi o.
unntuu nihtiiutt.1 LtmuiLn u. w iinirrmt
the oouncll of the league. He believes
description with only two or three
members of the minority giving ear to
the reading of the most Important
document over considered by the com
mittee. The Republicans seriously consider
making a formal complaint of the
Democratic conduct oh the Senate
cot They (eel that this manifes
tation of indifference Is quite In con
sonance with the Democratic policy of
"sign the blamed thing and get It over
With," but they are angered by the
lack of Interest displayed and feel that
K public denunciation of such conduct
la needed am a rebuke. This sugges
tion was only discussed to-day. It
may not be -followed out.
Senators Kellogg (Minn). Kenyon
fla.). Capper (Kan.) .and McNar;
(Ore.) were the four Republicans at
the White House for long conferences
with the President to-day. It is under
stood that the President explained In
detail his firm opinion that reservations
In the league covenant or the treaty
would endanger the document for two
rinelpsl reasons : First, because It
would bring a distrust among the other
nations of America's motives and, sec
ond, because reservations by this coun
try would undoubtedly start other na
tions upon reservations, and effectively
tear down the entire structure, making
it literally a scrap of paper.
The preliminary "It Is understood" la
need In this connection because what
the President says Is for the most part
sacrosanct It is becoming Increasingly
difficult to find out anything about the
conferences When "at homes" were
announced at the White House, and the
first Republican Senators were Invited
to conference, the President met bis
eallere in the executive offices.
ft ecr pt lor
Wilson's Stadr.
Newspaper men, as has been the age
old custom, buttonholed them when they
came out, the newspaper men having the
freedom of the office lobby. For the
last two days, however, the President
has received his callers In the White
House proper, In his study.
tn years past reporters and even the
public had the run of the White House
grounds. President Wilson closed the
grounds, and they were closed all during
the war Yesterday newspaper men took
the liberty of strolling up the great
seml-etllptic driveway and Interviewing
the Republican Senators who called.
Tn-day they were definitely barred from
the grounds.
The Republican callers go to the
house and out one of two east entrances.
Reporters In the executive offloee cannot
get near them If they see them at all
it must be outside the gates, and It Is
difficult to stop an automobile on the
streets.
Protest by some of the White House
reporters to-day against the ban upon
approaching the front door brought the
Statement that It might embarrass the
callers to be thus halted. Before the
Wilson regime callers were egojiped
without feint or favor. Foreign poten
tates, officials, lob hunters and mere
members of Congress were one and all
the same.
In his discussions with the Senators
the President has stiessed this European
situation very earnestly. He feels that
trouble is likely to break out at any
time, and almost anywhere. He con
fessed that, knowing the situation as he
does, he had come to pick up his news
papers with a feeling of dread, lest he
learn that something has broken out.
His fears concern especially the
minor and the new countries of the
disturbed continent. He talked espe
cially of Poland. Rumania, the Balkans
and Cieeho-Slovakia In this connection.
Another source of deep concern, he
tr.dlcated, relates to the Far Fast. It
was expected that China's peace delega
tion at Paris would sign the treaty yes
terday : but they did not. This fact was
noted as highly Important and sugges
tive. What this obstacle was has. not
Wen Indicated by those who talked, with
the President.
si, no 1. 1 on Settlement.
All the Senators who talked with the
President feel that he Is highly dis
pleased with the treaty's settlement of
the Shantung case, but he lias urged,
with much explanation of detail, that it
was the best that he could obtain. He
made them all realise that he had made
the best fight of which he was capable
for the preservation pf Chinese rights ;
but In It he was entirely without the
support of either France or Britain.
It is believed, as a result of his em
phatic expressions, that In tbs near fu
ture the President will address either
Congress or the country on this feature
of the treaty. He realises that this has
become one of the weakest points in bis
armor. He is anxious that the Senate
and the country shall understand Just
how Insistently he supported the very
news that Senators ur now urging
against the settlement.
On one particular point the President
has made himself very plain. He is
anxious that there be no reservations as
to Article X. of the League of Nations
covenant much less the elimination of
that article such as would compel the
treaty to be sent back to the other coun
tries for acceptance of such reservations.
This he considers as essential to tho es
tablishment In the European mind of a
conviction that America Is sincerely de
Toted to the league.
Article X. Is the provision that all the
member Powers mutually guarantee one.
another a sovereignty and territorial In
tegrity. There has been suggestion of a
reservation by which the United States
should sgree to this for a limited period
-five or ten years preferred during
which the new States would have oppor
tunity to get on their feet and the world
to rehabilitate Itself.
President's Belief.
The President Is sure that this will
not suffice to allay the fears of Europe.
Moreover, It would be such an amend
ment as would necessitate acquiescence
y the other Powers. The International
law authorities agree that a treaty rati
fied with reservations by one of the
contracting parties Is no treaty at all
Until those ratifications be accepted af
firmatively by the other parties. In tne
ease of the Tiay-I'auncefote Treaty of
1900 the Senate adopted some reserva
tions and thereupon England, being un
willing to agree to them, regarded the
treaty as dead, and entirely new nego
tiations became necessary.
Senators cams away with the Impres
sion, as to Article 10. that the Presi
dent would not particularly object to an
that this consideration would be of great
value In pVsetpitatIng a useful world
opinion, even though the league will
hrive no power to take a hand In purely
domestic problems.
I'ressed for His Optnlsa.
On one point the President wsspioseed
for expression of his opinion. That I
the question of America's rlglrt . with
draw at will from the league. Senator
Bwafl son (Virginia) argued that thl
country by giving notice of Intention to
withdraw would be at liberty after twi
years to do so anil that no power would
rest In the league to keep it In. The
other view Is that If the league council
decided that the United Mates had Called
to perforin all Its obligations under the
covenant It could Insist that thli conn
try could not quit till these were all exe
cuted. The view Is that the league
would have a distinct authority at this
lint,
The President's opinion was not very
clearly Indicated by any of those who
t ilked with him but the Impresator
reamed to be tkat he did not approve the
Hwanson view. The question has re
cently become one of largo importance
In the minds of Senators.
Senator Capper (Kansas) toid th'
President he favored the pi rposes of thi
league, but would vote for reservation,
which he dlecuased at some length. Hi
said tie was committed to the general
form of the reservation suggested by
Senator Spenoer (Missouri), providing
that under Article X. Congress should
have the right to determine whether it
should protect the sovereignty nnd tend
tory of any member State. He also
favored reservations as to the Monroi
Doctrine and domestic questions, and re
found that Article X. was the one giving
the President special concern
Further, Senator Capper very frankly
told the President that In Kansas at
hast sentiment is rapidly formulattni
in opposition to the league. It was
overwhelmingly for the pact at one time ;
the opposition Is not gaining very fast
The President said he was sure nils wa
because the people did not fully under
t'Unii the league and Its purposes.
President's Attltade.
The President assured his visitors that
he did not seek to change their positions,
but wanted to give them all the Informa
tion he possessed about the genesis and
features of the pact and the treaty. As
tn the matter of withdrawal, he felt that
for the United States to make a reserva
tion on this point would be miscon
strued by the other countries ss Indicat
ing that we lacked confidence and faith
in the league ; and he was very earnest
in pointing out that Europe feels the
need of the fullest support and coopera
tion of America.
He was very desirous that nothing
stronger than "interpretive reservations"
should be Insisted upon by the Senate,
these to be In such form that they would
not necessitate the resubmission of the
treaty to the other countries for their
I acceptance. Some of the Senators ex
pressed doubt whether "Interpretive res
ervations," without the acceptance of
the other countries, would be of any use
to the United States.
Senator McNary said he found the
President tn accord with his views eon
uerning the nnd, suability of a reserva
tion which would require reconvening of
the Peace Conference, and that any
reservation affecting any change in the
meaning of the treaty would be objec
tionable beca,UBe It would have that ef
fect. The President took the position that
reservations by this country would lead
to requests by other countries for recon
sideration of exceptions and qualifica
tions which other countries have of
fered and have already been rejected.
Senator McNary told the President he
disliked the Shantung settlement.
The President made certain explana
tions of ths.1: which 1 am not at liberty
to discuss," said Senator McNary. "which
considerably mitigated some of the harsh
ness of that provlalon."
Article X. and the clauses dealing with
the Monroe noctrlne and domestic ques
tions wero discussed, the Oregon Senatof
outlining In substance the views which
he Intends to present In a speech In the
Senate next Tuesday, and with which the
President appears to be in substantial
agreement.
The separate treaty with France was
not mentioned. Senator McNary saio lie
remains firmly opposed to Its ratification.
MEXICANS GET ARMS
BROUGHT FROM U. S.
Cunt and Ammunition Of
fered Residents at Coat.
Douolas, Arlx., July It. Bulletins
have been posted In all tbs towns of the
gtate of Sonoro Kal nf that the Mexl
can Government by special arrange
ment with the United states Govern
ment, would be permitted to bring In
arms and! ammunition "for defensive
purposes''
Any resident wishing to obtain arms
ud ammunition might do so by making
formal application to the City Council
and they would be Issued at cost price,
the notice said.
Americans bringing word to-day of
the posting of the notice said many
Mexicans had expressed the Intention of
taking advantage of the opportunity
thus offered to get cheap guns and
ammunition.
Washington, July IS. No special ar
rangement has been made by which
arms and ammunition may be Imported
by Mexico from the United States "for
defensive purposes," It was said to-day
at the State Department
Mexico has been permitted to Import
munitions for Its regular military forces
and officials suggested that the bulletins
posted in Sonorn probably had to do
with the organisation of home guards
for protection sgalnst small groups of
bandits.
ACTS IN MEXICAN MURDERS.
Wilson Asks Information About
Slaying of Correll Family.
Washinoton, July 18. President Wil
son notified Gov. Robertson of Okla
homa to-day that he had requested the
8tate Department to do everything pos
sible In connection with the killing of
John W. Correll, an American cltlsen,
and the attack on his wife and son by
interpretative resolution that the United .Mexicans In the Templco oil district.
I lie message saio .
States Congress should have the right to
exercise Its Individual Judgment before
acting In each particular case This, as
g matter of fact, Is necessary under our
form of Government, which could not
be changed by the treaty
During the negotiations at Purls It
was shown that Hi anil's constitution Is
like that of the United States on this
Slnt, and these limitations of both
overnments were so thoroughly under-
trod by all the members of the peace
Your telegram of July 13 has re
ceived my most serious consideration,
and I beg to assure you that through
the State Department I am seeking to
do everything that Is possible with re
gard to the tragical and terrible case
of the treat merit of Mr. Correll."
The murder by Mexican bandits of
Peter Catron, an American cltlsen, July
7. near the town of Vales, In the Mex
ican State of San Luis Potosa, was re-
SENATE IS DOLEFUL
OVER AIR OUTLOOK
Army to Have No Aviation
Service Worthy of Name
After Sept, 80.
BLAME PUT ON CONGRESS
Catting' of Appropriation to
$25,000,000 Criticised as
False Economy.
true that planes had bean seM for IV
per cent, of their cost to their manufac
turers. Senator Wadsworth replied that as to
the training planes, which are of no
use for combat that wao true: also of
I the DH-4 typa The latter can be used,
ibut there will be nobody to fly In them.
I Of training planes he said 1.70 were
sola at 10 to 15 per cent, of cost. Some
were in poor condition : some rather bet
ter ; the manufacturers took them all
Just as they stood. Nobody else would
take them In large quantities.
Mr, Wadsworth was asked whether It
was necessary to sell In suae titles ; why
not to Individuals.
"The Department" he replied, "con
cluded It would be dangerous to sell the
tislnlng planes to it liens because of
their condition. Accidents snd casual
ties would be happening all over the
country and tho Department would be
blamed. So the planes were sold as they
stood to the Curtlss Company."
panares! that the President did not, ported to-dsy to the State Department
ef
Rseslsl UttpauK to Tiir Bex,
Washington, July 18. That the
United States Army bss no air service
worthy the name and that after Septem
ber 30 It will have none at all was the
revelation made to-day to the s- ti.it-
Senators agreed among themselves
after careful survey tlist It was the fault
of i 'ongress. or rsther of the House of
Representatives, In that appropriations
had been reduced to a ridiculous point.
There will be after September 1 only
ISi officers In the Army Aviation Serv
ice, and almost all these will be adminis
trative. Senator Wadsworth (New
York). Chairman of the Committee on
Military Affairs, said perhaps It would
be possible "to get ten or a dosen men
able to fly," not more.
Senator Thomas (Col) broached the
subject, calling attention 'o a newspaper
statement that airship stations In the
Philippines, the Hawaiian Islands and
Panama were to be abandoned, and ex
pressing his keen concern about It. He
attributed it to the fsct that the appro
priation had been reduced to $26,000,000,
and added that "so far as being of use
for maintaining an adequate service
that amount might as well have been
sunk to the bottom of the ocean." The
Senate Military Committee asked twice
as much and the Senate appropriated
14'i,000,v00. The House would not con
Bent, and (26,000,000 was the compro
mise reached.
Dangerous SUnatlaa Petered.
"I believe In economy," he said, "but
tm. im fule economv This country
originated the aircraft and now Is hope
lessly handicapped for want of these fa
cilities in case of war. If Information
which we receive Is correct, to the ef
fect that the policy of watchful waiting
on the Mexican border n about to end.
serious troubles may follow there .ii any
,1m. , ,1 ih situation result.
1 want It understood at least that It is
not the Senate that Is to blame for sucn
a state of affairs."
Senator Kail (N. M. ) sent to the desk
and had read a letter from Gov. A. C.
Larraxolo. pointing out the dangers
which are confronted on the Mexican
border In the present exigency. The
letter follows:
"Sakta Fx. July 11 I have this day
received a letter from Hon. W. P.
Hobby, (iovernor of Texas, as follows :
Knowing the Mexlcgn situation as 1
do and believing that eome action by the
United States Government with respect
to conditions In Mexico and along the
border will be necessr.iy In the near
future. Tview with alarm the action of
the War Department In demobilising and
discharging all officers of the National
Army which will practically wipe out
the air service. To my mind It Is Im
perative that Congress make some pro
vision for a continuation In service of a
..icn'.er of the National Army
officers until a permanent military policy
has been eslaiiiisneu, as a woum ue im
possible to get these trained officers
upon whom the Government has Bpent
millions of dollars, especially In the
aviation branch, back into sen' ice after
being discharged. Please wire your
Senators and Representatives to aid in
this matter.'
"I agree with Gov. Hobby that the
pollcv of discharging the officers of the
National Army now on duty principally
along the Mexican frontier la rather an
Improvident one and that at least until
matters In Mexico assume a permanently
peaceful and orderly condition a suffi
cient number of such trained officers and
soldiers should be kept on duty along
the border and this, as you can readily
understand, as a necessary protection to
our people and Interests.
I therefore suggest to you the ad
visability of conferring with the War
Department and of calling the attention
of the Secretary of War to this matter
and to request that a sufficient force com
manded by competent and trained offi
cers be mslntalned along the Mexican
border until such time as their further
presence there is shown to be unnec
essary." Responsibility Placed.
"I have not seen the War Depart
ment," Stnator Fall explained, "because
I have been assured that Congress s
failure to provide the necessary funds
Is responsible for this condltlort of which
these two GovemorB of border States
complain."
Senator Smith (Arlx) added ha had
been to the War Department on the same
matter. He had been told that every
precaution would be taken to guard the
border. "1 confess," he added, "that the
letters I receive from the people on tho
border show they are by no means
satisfied with conditions and I know
they are sincere and understand con
ditions. At some later day I may have
something to say of what I know about
conditions in Mexico and the necessity
to safeguard the lives and property both
of Americans on the border and of
other Americans who are within the
Republic of Mexico by the Invitation of
its Government."
"If the troops we have on the bor
der were ordered to end the raids there,"
declared Mr. Fall, "they would be abli
to do it, even though there were not one
tenth as many as there are. We have a
border 1,400 miles long, but there are
troops enough to protect It If only they
were allowed to do so. But they arc
under orders that they must avoid any
conflict with whatever Mexican authority
may claim at a given time to be domi
nant in any particular part of Mexico
Their faces are thus turned to the north,
not to the south. They are attempting
to prevent smuggling from this coun
try into Mexico, but make no effort to
prevent smuggling from Mexico into this
cc.urtry.
"It Is not generally known In this
country, but It is true that at least
twelve times In the last five or six
months American troops have crossed
the border pursuing bandits, and several
times they have found that the dead
bandits they killed wore the Carranxa
uniform."
Senator Wadsworth Explains.
Senator Wadsworth explained the pre
dicament of the aviation service, "We
may as well face the facts," he said.
"The appropriation for this service ass
severely cut giving only 126,000,000. It
leaves the aviation establishment a mere
shell. By September 30 all emergency
officers will have to be discharged In all
branches, but It Is most serious In avia
tion, because It la lmposslbls to replace
men who can fly once they are out
"After that date there will be only 212
officers In the air service, all adminis
trative ; no fliers. Not over ten or
twelve men could be found who could
fly. We will have practically no flying
service and 3,000 machines In various
degrees of disrepair will be held in stor
age." "If there is blame for this condition,"
Senator Fall Insisted, "it Is on Congress,
not the Department."
Senator Stanley (Ky.) asked If It were
PRINCESS CECILIE TO
VISIT CROWN PRINCE
Trip to Wieringen Ditcredits
Divorce Plan Tola.
LOUDON, July 18. The former German
Crown Princess Uecille will visit the
Island of Wieringen, where the former
frown Prince Is living, it was semi-offi-clally
announced to-day at The Hague,
according to a Central News despatch.
Divorce proceedings were said to have
been begun by the former Princess Ce-
ellie In April, according to a Zurich des
patch. There has been nothing to show,
however, that papers in the case were
ever tiled, although a statement giving
alleged Incidents of cruelty wae issued
by the former Princess's mother, the for
mer Grand Duchess Anastasle of Meck-lenburg-Schwerln.
Earlier despatches from Berlin to Zu
rich reported the former Crown Prince
had begun divorce proceedings, but this
also remained unconfirmed
The former Crows Prince and the for
mer Crown Princess Cecllie were married
In June, 190S. They have five children,
the youngest of whom 1b 4 years old.
SHANTUNG VICTORY
COSTLY TO JAPAN
Nippon Now Hat Few Friends
in Europe.
By a Staff Correspondent of Tax Sty.
topyright. 1X19; at right ISSSJirs'.
Paris. July II. The departure from
Paris of Marquis SalonJi and moRt of
the Jupanesc delegation and staff deci
sions no surprise, as the Japanese have
not been taking nny part vlrtuall in
the deliberation, of the Peace Confer
ence here, except when questions affect
ing Japan have been brought up.
The Japanese showed plainly this
afternoon that they were delighted to be
able to return to Japan with such a
diplomatic victory to their credit which
everybody now concedes to them, but the
Impression gained In diplomatic circles
here Is that Japan has not helped her
cause any by her Insistence on the
Shantung concession, and among the
European nations eho has now few if
any friends.
rritUMsm of the Shantung settlement
and sympathy for China pervades all
diplomatic circles and It will take more
than Salonjl's valedictory In the Paris
newspapers to dissipate this " feeling.
After paying compliments to France for
hei heroism the Marquis pointed ou'
the necessity of all nations working to
gether to make the peace treaty bear
lis proper fruits. "More than ever there
mur;t be courageous legislation and
work ; more than ever the nations
should remain firmly united," he said
upon leaving.
to Verite comments this morning
upon an unofficial announcement by the
Japanese press bureau which said the
party was leaving for the Orient since
the conference had approved Japan's
policy In regard to China and the Shan
tung settlement now Is encountering re
sistance only in Pekin and in certain
American circles. The French paper
disputes the conclusions therein, saying
that the American Senate yet has to ap
prove the settlement while the French
Parliament Intends to take up the mat
ter. It adds:
"Upon this point the peace confer
ence has not yet finished its labors, nor
evidently has the last word been said."
HIBERNIANS ASK IF
U.S. IS HERE TENANT
National Body Opposes Any
lcittrnc That Disturbs Free
dom's Status.
NOT HATERS OF ENGLISH
De Valera Calls Wilson's Pact
New Modification of noly
Alliance.
San Francisco, July IS The report
of the Foreign Relations Committee sub
mitted to-day to the national conven
tion of the Ancient Order of Hibernians
In America end Caaada in session here
vould place the order firmly on record
ss opposed to sny pact entered Into by
the United States that might "merge
the Identity" of the nation.
The resolution said In part :
"As It is a misnomer to apply for
eign' to Ireland, where the Hibernians
are Involved, so It might sound strange
to include our own beloved nation under
the classification were it not that late
complications leave one somewhst doubt
ful whether we are justly entitled to call
the 1'nlted States our own or whether
we are mere tenants on rented land.
"The society views with misgivings
certain tendencies which have lately
reused uneasiness In the disturbed
breasts of many patriotic citlsens of this
glorious republic.
"So the order wishes to go on record
ss unswervingly opposed 10 any part,
treaty or compromise which might tempi
any one to imagine that we have merge
' ui Identity or surrendered one inch ol
the Independence for which oitr lathers
and mi many members fought and bled.'1
Ramon de Valera. "President of the
Irish Republic." addressing the delegates,
aid:
"I believe a democracy In Kngiand
would free the English as well us our
selves." The Right Rev. Bishop M J Gallagher
of Detroit, who preceded De Valera.
said :
"We will win Irish Independence with
the aid of the democracy of the Labor
party of England, which has risen to
overthrow the Government and establish
a real democracy in which Irish inde
lieiidence is included."
Da Valera said :
"It would be an act of despair In
c.il'w liiKtic and woinln, If We were
!tc think our cause a fsilure. In order
I that Poland might be freed three mighty
empires had to fall. With the triumph
of Poland before us no one can feel that
Ireland la going to fall. It may be nec
essary to have another period of con
flict and world's strife to change the old
order, but It depends on America whether
that period will be necessary.
"The present covenant of the Tevgue
of Nations is merely a modification of
the old Holy Alliance. Ireland de
mands1 her place In a real league of
nations. We sre said to hate England,
but the truth of It Is that the English
hate us. I have no hatred for the Eng
lish people.
"The Irishman alone 1b as good ss
any Englishman. Let them give us
military material and we will fight them
one to ten and ask no one to help put
them out."
GERMAN FACES FIRE
TO RESCUE BRITISHER
Bravery of War Prisoner It
Rewarded With Freedom.
Special Cable Despatch to Tax Son from tilt
Ismdon Tsmeat Servies.
Copyright. lil I ail rights resensd
London, July 18. The Air Ministry
announces that a British airplane
crashed and caught Are at the Wiltshire
airdrome, where some German prisoner
of war were employed The pilot war
enwrapped In tho burning wreckage and
was In Imminent danger of being burned
to death.
One of the prisoners, Private L.
Bruckman of the Ninety-ninth Infantry
Reeerve Regiment of the German army,
went to the officer's assistance and ef
fected his rescue at great personal risk
to himself.
It has been decided that Private
Bruckman shall be released forthwith
from captivity and granted free passage
to his destination. It has also been de
cided to present him with a sum of
money and a silver watch suitably In
scribed In recognition of bis gallant and
chivalrous action.
COUNCIL FIXES SHINE TEEMS.
Elucidates Application of Varlona
Clauses of Peace Troaty.
Paris, July 18. The Supreme Coun
cil of the Peare Conference approved to
day the reply to the memorandum of
the German Peace Commission on the
methods to be followed In the application
of the clauses of the Peace Treaty con
cerning the Rhlthcland. The reply apeiU
fles the powers of the Allied Commis
sioners and their relations with the Ger
man administration.
The Council continued Its examina
tion to-day into the question of the num
ber of troops to remain In tho Rhine
region until complete execution of the
Peace Treaty.
VIGILANTES FOE FLORENCE.
BO.000 Citlsens Organise to Denl
With Strike Rioters.
By the Auociatei Prct.
Klorxnci, July 18. Fifty thousand
armed citlsens hacve been organised
here to maintain order In anticipation of
the demonstrative strike called by the
Labor Federation fcr July 20 and ill.
This organization Is composed of peas
ants, merchants and discharged sol
diers, without regard to political afflili
atlon They have taken the oath to tire
vent disorder and to atop any possible
ransacking of shops, using arms if neces
sary. The population of Florence has been
much concerned over the recent com
mandeering of supplies by the temporary
organisations that called themselves
t'hambers of Labor. It Is said the
losses of merchants during the recent
raids amounted to more than 1100,000
FRENCH RULERS GET
HIGH COST BLAME
EX-KAISER IS IN BED.
VICTIM OF BAD COLD
"Deep Melancholy" Said to
Be Hit Real Affliction.
By) Ms .ociafif Press.
Amkronoxn, July it. The former
German Emperor, who has been suffer
ing from a cold, was somewhat better
to-day, but followed the advloe of his
physician and remained in bed He did
not get up even for his meala His
sickness, however. Is understood to be
of a slight character.
By Ms Anotfatei Prat.
Rnus, July II. The pan-German
DrufsoAe Zritunp, which stands oloss to
former royal circles, takes a serious view
of the Illness of former Emperor Will
lam, calling It "deep melancholy." It Is
said that the one-time monarch Is so de
pressed that his physician views his con
dition as critical.
Count Hohensollern Is said to leave
his apartment rarely and seldom sees his
closest friends The psper says that he
spends many hours in prayer and that
when he does talk he wants to converse
on religious subjects The former Em
peror is said to show a "high degree of
nervousness."
The condition of the former Empress Is
such, according to the newspaper, that
shu may have to return to Germany for
treatment of her old heart trouble.
PAnms, July 18. The Norddrutiche
Allprmrine Zrttvng of Berlin, the mouth
piece of the Government under the Im
perial regime, declares It has informa
tion that Holland will consent to the ex
tradition of former Emperor William, ac
cordion; to a Berlin despatch to Paris
newspapers. The formal handing over
of the former Emperor to the Allies, It
adds, will take place at The Hague.
AUSTRIANS TO GET
FULL TEXT MONDAY
Twenty Days Likely to Pass
Before the Delegates
Sign Treaty.
By the Aiociatei ru.
Paris. July 18. The missing clauses
of the Austrian peace treaty almost cer
tainly will be handed to the Austrian
delegation Monday. a
Ten dayR will be allowed the delegates
for consideration of the terms and for
any representations the Austrlans may
desire to make. The council will prob
ably require ten days more In which to
leply. Consequently the treaty can
scarcely be signed before August 10.
The Interallied Council decided to
day that Gen. E. H. H. Allenby of the
British army ahould take entire charge
of the occupation of Ala Minor, with
supervision over British, French, Greek
and Italian troops.
It, was believed this settlement would
stabilise conditions In Smyrna, and other
parts of southern Asia Minor and pre
vent clashes between Greek and Italian
trocps.
The Government has commandeered
the Chateau de Madrid at Neuilly as a
residence for the Bulgarian peace dele
gation. The Bulgarians are expected
here July 25.
The Chateau de Madrid Is a hotel be
tween the Seine and the northwestern
corner of the Bols de Boulogne. It Is
closer to Paris than any of the other
places where delegations from the former
Central Powers have been quartered.
Deputiet Refute Vote of Con
fidence to Government.
THREE FLEE ROAD CAMP.
By the Associated Pre.
Paris. July 111. The Government was
defeated by fourteen votes In the Cham
ber of Deputies thla evening on a vote
of confidence, but apparently the Cabinet
as a whole Is not Involved in tills de
feat and the outcome is not yet clear.
Afler the vote, announcement was made
In the lobby of tho Chamber by M.
Boret, the Food Minister, that he would
resign his portfolio, but that he was the
only member of the Cabinet affected.
Premier Clemenccau, however, will de
cide, probably to-morrow, what attitude
the Government will take.
The general policy of the Government
did not come up In the debate. The is
sue arose over the order of the day.
The Government accepted that of Dep
uty Renard. which Implied confidence in
the Government, but the Chamber adopt
ed by a vote of 127 to 213 a resolution
presented by M. Augagneur, fdjrmer
Minister of Marine, which the Govern
ment had rejected.
This order of the day was on the
high cost of living. It blamed the eco
nomic policy of the Government for the
situation.
STRIKE WOULD COST
FRANCE $56J600JOOO
Rising Prices Alto Feared if
Workers Quit on Monday.
By a Staff Corretpondtnt of Tss So.
Copyright. 1515; all rights reserved.
Paris, July 18 Should tho general
strike planned for Monday In France be
as successful as Its organlxers hope, tho
total cost to France of such a complete
cessation of labor Is estimated at 283,
S00.00O francs ($56,800,000 at normal
exchange) ; If the Interest on capital,
material and other factors be included
the cost will run up to 1 100,000,000.
A careful computation made gives the
cost In coal at more than $2,800,000, in
Iron $11,400,000; for one railroad alone.
$400,000. These figures are being used
In appeals directed to the workers not
to strike and cause such a loss to France
when she can 111 afford It. The procla
mations point out also that the strike
would defeat its own purpose by causing
living costs to rise because of the tleup.
It la evident that these appeals are
having some effect, but meanwhile the
majority of the labor unions at meetings
throughout France seem to be accepting
the strike order. Reports from Germany
say that a general strike movement for
the same Is under way there.
The Government is appealing to the
workers not to resort to violence, but
the great question still la:
"Will the Government attempt mili
tary rule on the railroads, and if so will
the men resist?"
:lnh convicts Have Escaped From
Anbnrn Uaua Since June 5.
AI'hvhn, July 18. Three convicts,
Russell Dow and Fred Oruber of Buf
falo, nnd William Lewis, a negro fro n
Onondaga county, escaped from the
Homer road camp of Auburn Prison to
day, making a total of eight who have
escaped from there since June 5. State
police and prlpon officers are scouring
the countryside for the fugitives.
Prison officials, In a statement to-day.
declare that convicts ask not to be sent
out on road work because they "cannot
resist the temptation to flee." Some of
those now at large had only short terms
to serve on their sentences. It was added.
Hob Island liaoncheo No. 43.
Pitii.ADKi.riitA. July IS. Hog Island
brought its total ships launched to
forty-three to-day, when the steel cargo
carrier Lebanon, 7.S25 tons, was sent
Into the Delaware River. The vessel,
named In honor of Lebanon county for
Its work during the Liberty Ixian drives
v as christened by Miss Fannie Cole
man of lbanon. Pa.
DENIES WILLI A MS
PURSUED BANKERS
Prosecutor Says Comptroller
Kept Hands Off in the
Riggs Case.
OTHERS DEFEND HIM
$400,000 Advanced to Union
town Institution Year Be
fore It Failed.
Washinoton, July 18. Testimony on
behalf of John Skelton Williams, Comp
troller of the Currency, designed to re
fute charges that he persecuted offlclala
of the Rlggs National Bank of this city
and also mismanaged the affairs of the
defunct First National Bank of Union
town, Pa , was presented to-day to the
Senate Banking Committee, which Is
considering Mr. Williams's renomlnatlon.
John K. Leakey, Federal District At
torney in the District of Columbia, told
the committee that Williams had not
used his Influence to secure criminal In
dictments against officials of the Rlggs
bank and had , made no effort to control
the prosecution of the indictments after
they had been brought.
These Indictments, he said, grew out
nf affidavits drawn by Frank J. Hogan,
attorney for the bank, purporting to
show thst no stock brokerage transac
tions had been made by the bank officials
as such. Mr. Laskey said the affidavits
"were purposely false," and he also testi
fied that H. H. Flather. an official of the
banks, had made a profit out of bank
transactions.
Questioned by Chairman McLean and
Senator Gronna (North Dakota) Laskey
said his statements to the committee
were based on evidence at the bank
officials' trial, but admitted that the
court acquitted the bank offlclala
John 8. Wendt of Pittsburg, attorney
for John H. Strawn, receiver for the
1'nlontown, Pa., bank, denied testimony
that the bank's property had been sold
disadvantageous during Its liquidation
by the Comptroller's office.
Walter P. Ramsey, counsel for the
Commercial National Bank of Washing
ton, denied testimony of John Poole,
president of the Federal National Bank,
that assurances had been given by Ram
sey that If the Federal Bank should open
an account with the Chatham Phrentx
National Bank of New York, deposits of
the Emergency Fleet Corporation would
be received In return. Ramsey said that
during a conversation with Poole, the
latter asked how he could obtain such
deposits, and remarked that It was gen
erally understood that euch deposits
could be obtained by opening an account
with the New York bank.
Statements were submitted to the crm
mlttee showing that Comptroller Will
lams advanced $400,000 In emergency
currency to the Unlontown bank to as
sist It In tiding over a shortage In funds
This statement, coming after testimony
showing the bank's financial condition
and the banking methods of J. V.
Thompson, Its president, caused member,
of the committee to question the Comp
troller closely. In reply to an Inquiry
fram Senator Gronna Mr. Williams lold
the committee that the funds were ad
vanced about a year prior to the buuk'c
failure In 1915
Mr. Williams replied to testimony
given by E. A. Jones, a representative
of the Unlontown Bank shareholders,
who on the stand several days ago, was
charged with threatening to oppose his
nomination uiXcks given a letter asking
the Federal DlBtrlct Court to issue an
order providing for the payment of Mr.
Ttrrnnneon's Irullrect Indebtedness. Thla
Mr. Williams said, he declined to do.
The committee adjourned until next
Monday, when Mr. Williams plans to
present additional witnesses in his behalf.
KAROLYI IN ITALY;
BOUND FOR AMERICA
Must Sail at Once, Say Libera
tors of Former Hungarian
President.
ALLOWED TO KEEP CASH
Bela Knn Permitted Him to
Retain Securities on Leav
ing Budapest.
By the Associated Press.
Berlin. July 17 (delayed). Count
Michael Karolyl, former president of the
Hungarian Republic, has arrived In Italy
after several attempts to leavs Hungary
and will go to America, according to a
Vienna despatch to the Kreu ZeltunF.
Several weeks ago. It Is said, Count
Karolyl escaped to Austria, but lie was
made prisoner by the Austrlans and re
turned to Budapest. The Count, the des
patch adds, then procured the assistance
of the Italian military authorities, who
sent him In charge of a guard to Italy
by way of Innsbruck. The Vienna des
patch concludes :
"He will, however, have to leave Italy
for America Immediately."
Bela Kun, the Communist Foreign
Minister, the despatch says, permitted
Count Karolyl to retain his available
cash and securities.
FATHER Af?D SON DROWNED.
Motor Boat Capslsee In Crossing:
Bar Near Ocean City.
Ockan CiTT. N. J., July 18. Charles
Reiner, a teacher In tho Camden, N. J.,
public schools, and his father, Thomas
Reiner, were drowned this afternoon
when their motor boat capeised while
going over the bar at Corson's Inlet.
The body of the elder Mr. Reiner has
been recovered.
Three French Noldlere Killed.
Paris. July 18. Three soldiers were
killed and ten soldiers and six civilians
Injured In the explosion Thursday of a
large munitions dump at Le Bourget,
seven miles northeast of Paris.
When the armlBtice with Austria
Hungary was Blgnnd last November
Count Michael Karolyl, who had been
the leader of the Hungarian Independ
ence party, proclaimed a Hungarian re
public. He remained In office until late
In March, when he resigned ahd turned
over the authority to the Communists,
headed by Bela Kun. He cave as a rea
son for his action that he could not reo
"ognlse the boundaries of Hungary as
outlined by the Peace Conference.
Advices received In Peace Conference
circles in Paris Thursday said Bela Kun
had been driven from office and that dls
rrders had occurred In Budapest. It
was declared that the Hungarian Com
munist army was disintegrating rapidly.
Herr Boehm and Herr Lander were sail
to have seized the reins of power.
Count Karolyl sailed from New York
for Europe, after a visit of several
months In the United States, on July f9,
1914. He was detained by the French
authorities for several months, but wan
Anally permitted to proceed to Hungary.
Ten New lee gtatlons Open.
Ten new Ice stations have been
opened by the Mayor's Ice committee In
Manhattan, making a total of forty-two
free Ice statlonB now In operation In the
greater city. A committee of women Is
being organised by Mrs. Henry Zucker
trian. vice-chairman, and Major Jennie
R. Ward of the Salvation Army, secre
tary, to control the stations and automo
bile tracks delivering Ice.
Petatn to Close Headanarf ere.
Paris, July 18. French main head-
. .....I..- m ., au. in .
with Marshal Petatn as vice-president
Save
Money
Buy the
Large
Size
6 Bkll-ans
Hot water
Sure Relief
RELL-ANS
emtWrOR INDIGESTION
MAURA TO FORM NEW CABINET.
He Will Combine In It All Conser
vative Elements.
MxpRin, July II. Minor Maura, whose
Cabinet resigned earlier In the week,
was charged by the King to-day to form
a new Cabinet, combining In It ull the
conservative elements.
The Cabinet of Premier Maura which
resigned contains some liberal elements
There are three Conservative groups In
i the Spanish Chamber of Deputies and
together they have a majority of the
seats In that body.
Barcelona, July II. Nationalist
members of the Provincial Council pro
tested to-day to the Government against
its failure to furnish protection and
asked autonomy for the Catalonia dis
trict. This protest was made as a result
..f the lillllnir of ti nlirnhur f .mnlnv.r.
!,.. i.. Rii far nlfrht v-luven mnnlera ..f
business heads have been reported.
Jttt
Publishes its
Latin American Section
Every Monday Morning
This section presents commercial news of
vital interest to every American business
man; news that opens his eyes to fresh
opportunities; that discloses new markets,
and keeps him in touch with the needs of
our sister republics.
Notes of the Latin American
Colony in New York
EVERY MONDAY MORNING.

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