Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1919, be AND NKW TORK rilESS. r SATURDAY, JUL1 10, 1010. MMUKU OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Preaa In exclualvely en titled to the iu for republication of all hewa despatehee credited to It or not Bthtrwa credited in this paper and alao I local newa publlehed herein. All rlihta of republication of epeclal flespatrhea heratn are alao reserved. entered at tha Poet Utllce at New York as Second Clan Mall Matter. Bnbaerlptlona by fcAILT BUNDAT DAILY only pUNDAY only Canadian pAII.Y SUNDAY. DAILY only UNDAY oaly PoaxioN PAII.Y & SUNDAY . DAILY only pUNDAY only Moll. I'oatpald. On Six On ir Montha. Month $10 00 MOO 1.0 a.Dv .to 1.50 .40 on 3.00 TlATn. $10.00 S.00 S.00 RATKa. M.OO (12.00 (t.tS ih.oo u.uu .ov 4 00 .70 $9 00 $1.00 4.00 .1$ l.M .$0 0.00 One Sis One Year. Montha. Month fKE EVENING BUN. . $11.00 $3.00 $0.M Foreign U.OO 0.00 1.80 BOOKS AND THE BOOK WORLD (weekly), one year $100 Canada ..$1.80 Other countrlea. . . 1.00 All checka, money orders. c. to be made payable to Tn Sun. Publlehed dally. Including Sunday, by the fun Printing and Publishing Aaaorlatlon. 180 Na.aau t.. Borough of Manhattan, N. T. President, frank A Munaey, 1.10 Naaaauat., ylce-Proeldent, Ervln Wardman; Secretary, P. H. Tltherlnglon; Treaa., Wm. T. Dewart. all of 160 Naaaau etreet. London office, 40-43 Fleet atreet. Parle office, 6 Rue dr la Mlcnodlere, eft tue du Quatre Reptembre. Waehlngton office. Munaey Building. Brooklyn office. Room 202, Eagle Build ing, 303 Washington street. owr tricndi vho favor uj trilA noeu fiptt and Uluitrationt for pnMtration trUh kove rejected arliefo returned iftep sattaf all eaeee rend gtttmpt for that purpose. TELEPHONE', BEEKMAN 2?00. A Faise View. Elsewhere on tills page is a letter from a Republican whose opportunist f lews may be shared by some other pienaml women of the party, although we doubt that their number Is large. tlr. Wabrcn is of the opinion that what we Republicans want Is some Constructive work done In Congress liat will give us laymen in the buck ground some substantial thoughts to fake Into the next Presidential enm- nlgn to win the election with," but see me to think that this might be (accomplished through the acceptance pf the Wilson covenant programme as It stands, the Senate putting the re aponslbillty upon the President. A political party which would con pent to such opportunism would be a cowardly ostrfrti with Its head in hallow sand. A Senator who would (lodge the responsibility Imposed upon him by the Constitution would violate Ids oath of oftlce. What is winning Ihe election of 1020, or any other ejection, compared with the impor tance of preserving the sovereignty of (he United States, the status of the lonroe Doctrine and the constitutional tight of the Congress to declare war? If the I'uited States should pass mi ller the control of a superstate what Would be this Presidency, about which jour correspondent is concerned, as compared with the Presidency as it lias been? "Let the Republican Senators keep their skirts clean," says Mr. Warren, "and the coming election will do the rest" The way for a Republican Sen ator, or any other Senator, to remain ;wlth white garments is to oppose the purrander of the rights of the United States. On the President falls the responsibility for having put his name j to an Instrument In which these rights are bartered for the privilege of mem bership in a Leugue of Nations whose power for good Is doubtful and whose power for evil Is great. But this bad bargain can be closed ouly through the consent of two-thirds of the Sen ate, and every Senator who votes to ratify the League coveuunt as It glands will be us responsible for the results, should ratification ensue, as the President himself. Our correspondent would hurry the Senate to a cowardly assent "for the business Interests of the nation." Does he really mean thai, for the sake of the money which American Industries night make through a quick surren der by the Senate to the President, a Senator ought to forget his oath? Does he so misread the American peo- ple as to believe that for a few dollars ihey would bo willing to abandon prin ciples which have endured for more than a century? We do not "Trim the sails for the coming elec tions," says this misguided partisan. We have seen trimming enough of aails by the head of the Democratic party, and we saw at the last election shat the people thought about It. We have seen enough to satisfy the most elfish politician. Rut the present Is me goes beyond politicians and poli tics. It is not an Issue within any one party, even though It Is a great issue for the Republican party. No consideration of "business Inter nets"! No trimming of sallsl No anrrender to eijiediancy ! his view at Paris. The result was that he employed his army In an at tempt to defeat the award of Hun garian territory made by the Confer ence to Austria and Ceclio-Slovakls, Md brought about the necessity of sending allied forces Into central Eu rope to carry out Its demands. All authoritative reports that hnve come out of Hungary agree that Bol shevism has made little progress In the country outside of Budapest and one or two of the larger towns. The Soviet Government has depended for Its support largely upon Its army ; but the use that should be made of this Red force was a source of con stant wrangling among the leaders. The commander, General Boehm, op poagd the conversion of the army Into in '"i uuuM iu pun, mi miauviu , of the Bolshevist law, and under the pleu of 111 health resigned. He and his successor, General Lander, are, according to report, now In control of the Government. The Red army re mains, however, a very uncertain quantity. It Is poorly supplied with food or munitions, and besides, while It might be Induced to fight against the Rumanians or ('.echo-Slovaks, it is believed that It will not stand against a Hungarian antl Soviet force. As the loyal force, or the White army, Is constantly Increasing In numbers and Is supported by the peasants, there seems reason for thi belief that It will soon bring about the complete collapse of the Soviet Government. The failure of Bolshevism In Hun gary seems now to be as complete "as It was In Bnvarla. In both States It failed from the lack of support by the sturdy elements of the population. The reestnbllshment of a stable gov ernment, perhaps of the republic which Bela Kun overthrew, either by the Magyars themselves or by oll!ed Intervention, would now seem a iossi blliry In Hungary. The one evident fact is thnt Bolshevism has failed to make Its vaunted gain In western Europe. Bela Kun's Overthrow The Hungarian Soviet leader, Bela Ken, whose overthrow is reported to Ihe Peace Oinferense from Vienna, ems to have been a failure both as Bolshevist and a dictator. At first the Moscow Soviet acclaimed him the leader of the advance guard of Bol Btwvjsm In western Europe, and then two weeis afterward declared he was unequal to his job. lie was unable to recon. -ili- the rival factions of Com mnists and Socialists, untl to force the Soviet rule upon Hungary further than the territory occupied by his I armies, or to win the much needed Support of the peasants. eo?- managed to develop, however. Into a rather knotty problem for the i Peace Conference. Such rule as he exercised at Budapest was considered ' as representative of neither Hungary nor the Hungarian people, and the Conference refused to receive a dele- ' gatlon approved hy him or to give him thai chance that he asked to air The Bank of General. The permanent rank of General, which the President has asked on gress to confer upon General Per- shino and General March, has been held by only three American soldiers ; Grant. Sherman and Sheridan. It has heen an honor Jealously guarded, granted only In recognition of extraor dinary services. Congress undoubt edly intended to give the rank of General to Washington, for It cre ated the office of General of the Armies in March, 1709, but the com mission had not been issued when Washington died nine months later. Scott, the hero of the Mexican War, had to be content with the bre vet rank of Lieutenant-General. Good soldiers, like Schofield, Miles. Cn.tr kee nnd Go RBI IV, were made LieUten-ant-Generals by Congress after they had reached the position of Chief of Staff or commanding General. It would be natural for General Pershing, as commander of the ex peditlonory armies and as the fore most American figure In the field of war, to receive this rank. While his tory may not group him with Wash ington or Grant as a soldier, and while mllltory men may not see in him the genius of either Sherman or Sheridan,, he Is the outstanding Amer ican of the war. the officer whose re sponsibility for the campaigns of the United States armies abroad has been undivided. Peyton C. March Is a good sol dier ; he proved It in Cuba and in the Philippines. His country's debt to him for his services ns Chief of Staff in the great war should be rewarded. The permanent rank of Lleutenant General would surely be none too much for a man who capably carried on the henvy work In the War De partment nt Washington. Yet many will wonder whether the rank of Gen eral should fall to any but a great field commander. It Is the hero crown, the grand decoration. If Congress should give to both Perhhino and March the rank of General we should have, for the first time, two full Generals In active ser vice. Sherman was not made a Gen eral until March 4, ISfiO, the day when Grant assumed the higher office of the Presidency. It Is true that Siifridan was made a General while Sherman was still alive, but this was done because Sheridan was a dying man and President Cleveland wished to make his last days happy. He lived only two months after his ele vation to the highest military rank in our army. Three years later Sher man Joined the others of the trium virate, and since his death In 1891 there has been no General. houses of Congress from meeting there is provided for In Section 84 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, thus : "Whenever Congress Is about to convene) and from prevalence) of con tagious sickness or the existence of other circumstance It would, In the opinion of the President, be haz ardous to the lives and health of tho members to meet at the seat of Gov ernment, the President Is authorised by proclamation to convene Congress at such other placo as he may judge proper." It will be seen that this statutory provision hardly supports the state ment that the President has the power to convoke the Senate at any place he pleases and that the Senate Is bound to go to that place. Senator Lodge's authority for this view seems to be Rule XXXVI. of the Standing Rules of the Senate, In which we find these words: "When the President of the United States shall meet the Senate In the Senate chamber for the conatderatlon of executive business, ho shall have a seat on the right of the Presiding Officer. When the Senate shall be convened by tho President of the United States to any other place, the Presiding Officer of the Senate and tho Senatora shall attend at tho place appointed with the necessary officers of the Senate." It would seem that the phrase "to any other place" In this rule does not mean any other place than the Dis trict of Columbia, but any other place than the Senate chamber the meet ing place referred to In the first sen tence of the rule. Rule XXXVI., however, does fully confirm Senator Lodge's statement that the Senate rules provide for the Prasldent coming and sitting with the Senate In executive session. The same rule further provides that all treaties which may be laid before the Senate and all remarks, votes and proceedings thereon shall be kept se cret until the Senate shall by resolu tlou take off the Injunction of secrecy or re.olve to couslder the same In open executive session. Nothing is said in these Standing Rules of the Senate as to who hall lake any steps In the first instance for the attendance of the President upon an executive session ut which a treaty is to he considered. It would teem, however, that the expression of a desire on the part of the President .i to attend or the expression of a wish on the part of the Senate as a body for his presence would he propei methods of procedure. In the Inter est of the people of the United States some way ought certainly to be con trived whereby the President should communicate to the Senate all that lie knows about the discussions leudlng up to the signing of the treaty of Versailles. requirements to drive a golf ball far and true. Or Is the plaguy sport wholly a matter of mind and nerves? Who'll tell? On the list of prominent national characteristics, such as British dogged ncss, French amiability and German "efficiency," must now be Included, since It Is the first nation to accept the Invitation to Join the league, Argen tinian optimism. Justices of the Court of Special Ses sions stumbled upon a fact which de serves notation In the records of the finest. Their Honors were hearing a charge against a barkeeper of selling a flask of something which wag passed over the bar as whiskey. But was it whiskey? Tho accused, understand ably, would not say. Tho clerk of the court sniffed, but was not sure; the prosecuting attorney politely refused to tasto and his sniff was productive only of doubt. So the learned Judges ordered the buyer, who was the com plaining witness, to sample the goods by taste and smell and determine If it were whiskey. Pre-cllmax : he had never tasted whiskey In his life. Cli max: he Is a New York pollcs officer. Post -climax : there are a lot more policemen like him! A FALSE VIEW. RAILROAD TROUBLES DUE TO POLITICS. The Mendacious Old "Congressional Record." (representative Goldfogle of this city culled to the1 attention of the House a email trick sometimes re sorted to by members to escape printed proof of wilful misstatements. Mr. Tincheb of Kansas In the course of debate asserted that there were Congress districts In New York with less than 100,000 population. Mr. Goi.DyooLE promptly challenged the statement, responding that there was not a New York district with less than 200,000 population. In the Itexrd the statement of Mr. Tincher was omitted, making Mr. Goldvogi.e'r Interruption, which wus printed, meaningless. At the request of the New York member the Record wag corrected to correspond to the notes of the official report. As a mai ler of fact, many of New York's forty three districts are above the average of the country in population, only two, even under the 1010 census, be ing credited with less than 200,000; the Fifth, in Kings county, which had 197.844 in 1910, and probably has many more now, and the Thirtieth, up State, with 194,000 Iri 1910. The others hnve from 204,000 to 300,000 the latter largely excessive number living In the Twenty-third. Manhat tan, district Mr. Tincher, not knowing that, should have known that It was well known to Mr. Oompoai.E. The President's Attendance Brfore the Seuate. The statement by Senator Lodge of Massachusetts, published yesterday to the effect that no committee of Congress has any right to summon the President of the United States before It Is accompanied by a dec laration that the President has the power to convoke the Senate at any place he pleases and that the Senate Is bound to go to that place and hear any communication he desires to make. Mr. Lodge said : "Our rule also provide for the President's coming and sitting with the Senate In executive session." The Constitution of the I'nlted States contains no express provision fixing the place at which the houses of Congress shall hold their sessions; hut the grant to Congress of the power to exercise exclusive legislation over such district as might become the sent of the Government of the I'nlted Stales carries with it the Im pllcstion that Congress shall hold Its regular sessions, nt least, In the Dis trict of Columbia. The possibility ot emergencies which vatgbt preclude the Sir Edward Carson must now feel that he is wholly blest. For years he has failed In what has seemed to be his de termined purpose, to offend every party and faction of every party In his coun try. If, as the cable news asserts, he is now assailed as vigorously by Ulster Volunteers as by the Sinn Fein, by Liberals as by Tories, by London as by Dublin, It may be that he will be con tent for a whllo to forego his role of enfant terrible in British politics and behave himself. Broadway is beginning to notice that the woman and song members of the famous bacchanalian trinity are pining for the deceased. On the Columbia Country Club links where the President plays golf there'll bo soon almost any fine day a smiling boyish looking little chap who Is the despair of tall golfers, muscular golf ers, players who come from college crews, diamonds, football teams and big golfers various whose broad shoul ders, bulging biceps, thick wrists and visellKs hands convince them that they should be able to drive tho little golf ball a mil and with swashing niblick dig It out of the deepest sand pit, the most reluctant grass. The Columbia Country Club professional, the Hon. FasDuia McLbod, Is a wisp of a laddie who'd make up bonnlly as a girl In a college play. Yet he first amaxed the golfing world by winning the open championship and then, to prove that his winning was not a hit of luck, went on to establish the probably unique record of "being In the money" in every one of the last ten open championship tournaments. Surely it is time for some one to discover for the benefit of pus sled thousands what are the physical A Plea to Replace the Interstate Com merce Comnls$lon by a Body Which Mm 1 1 Be Independent of Outside Influences and Rave More Power. To the Editor or Tki Sun 81c There Is no desire to criticise personally any member of the Interstate Commerce pommlsslon. past or present. Most of Ha members since Its organization, a third of a century ago, have been hard working and sealous men, and not the least Interesting fact In that diiing all that time tho personal integrity of no member of the commission has been pri vately or publicly assailed. At times throughout the country the commission has been criticised as In competent, as Individually and collec tively Inefficient, and its methods and means of handling the great railroad problems have been denounced by com mercial bodies as tardy In the extreme, with business Injured by the neglect of the commission to render decisions with in anything like a reasonable period. The commission has been subjected to drastic, comments on the part of rail road executives, railroad employees, bankers, shippers, security holders and by all sorts and conditions of men hav ing direct, Indirect and even remote connections with railroad matters. in many quarters me commission ma . ) osen c.nargi n explicitly wnn naving An Opportunist BepnbUoan Womld , atrangIKl and ,tarved the ,reat railroad Harry the Senate. systems of tho United States, collectively To ths EDlToa or TBS Sun Sir: I j the greatest1 railroad system In tho world, think that we Republicans all agree that I The present and the past reduced carn the League of Nation-, as exhibited by ! 'n of the railroads, the plight In which Wllsonlan ons track mind. Is sort of , nearly a million security holders ot the visionary, and under Its workings all railroads find thamselves through se sorts of unfortunate things might hsp- vr'' reduced dividends, the unconsclon pen which would Involve the United able, distressing service In many parts Htatcs In aerlous wrangles, but amid all I of the country anything, everything the confusion where are we at, anyway? lnat Decn na w,ln r""' W hat we Uenubllcan want la some I roods nas Deen largely puea. snumea constructive work done In Congress that ; pitched upon the commission ; this will give us laymen In the background ' D""rl' """ TV?, I which time the responsibility for this dreadful state of affairs has been about equally divided. It may be set down as a copper riv eted fact, however, that all the troubles of the railroads of the country coming thrrugh the administration of the In- lt Wilson have his way and finish v " "" wswwiaaawaa rw w nnur ui ivs incfjiHvn 10 inc prwwvni wv mrnt have heen due to the fact that Home nuhhtant.nl thoughts to take into the next Presidential campa-Kn to win the electron with. The war as far as this country is concerned has been under Democratic management. Signing the peace treaty and restoring peace la moftly their work. the job He and not the Senate made tho Tirncp nrA t hr In nallv notlilnaT much more than a lot of MflMlMl talk j th mmlwion is nothing more than a political body, enveloped by a political syptm, and it Is this system which has to do about It. Te sooner ttv Sonati? nmnUraa It Tltt Is. i . '.- tHs. Hrtr It wilt I .1 a- I .1,., .HIaUha.. n tha nomm 1 si If for ths business Intereeta of the """"'"f .-, Ui - nation. ' slon. which in turn has acted so dlsas- Let the Republican Senators keep their trously upon the railroads of the coun- skirts clean and the coming election of lr added also that no mem- DT nt tnia cominiaaiun uaa uccu i pointed since Its organisation except to represent a political obligation or hope. The commission. In a word, has been and Is dominated by politics, not by 1 fundamental economic railroad prlnci ! pies j There Is plenty of comment to demon j strnte that the members of the commls the aion have not been free agents, but have been fearful of offending a political 1920 will do the rest Ix;t a quit the foolishness and trim the sails fnr the cominir elections. E. E WAJtKr.v N" AllRAGA N SBTT PlEB, It. I . July 15. IS IT A TREATY? The Senate's Power to Pass oa I a.-'ic Covenant Questioned. ,, . power or powers How often Is It heard To the IlntTOR or Ths Sun .S'tr; Sec-1 , .. . . . .. i In Wajshlntrton and how fiften haft the lion 2 of Article It. of the Constitution I . .. r . . - . , .... . , . . testimony oern gaveii uejurr jkhiib .hvi mains the provision under which the ' . " ,fc ,h mml, 1'iesld. nt is given power to negotiate : . . . . . , . , 'treaties" by and with the advice and " " " . .. . . . . ' been lectured, even threatened, by mem- t nsent of the Senate. I. . , , . . , T . . . i bers or the House and by members of Is It not a question whether the i ,.. Ka Q.nn,. with an I n v-n ml ru t Inn nf tta League of Nations covenant Is properly . . . ... , I npti Anil Bill ut n n.-s. threats i treaty ' under the meaning and Intent ,rt., ... .imn.. everv decision oi that section? I . . , . . . ,- now as baton, and all that was neeaa eary wae to return tham to their own era wlthost any loglalatlon Thla lg norea abeolutalr tha faot that tha dol lar la worth only about 0 seats and we have to pay our bills an tba baala of aha depreciated dollar. It alao lc nores tha fact that taere la aome Ave or all hundred mltllone more of In veatmant upon which Intereat muat be earned. Mr. B. C. Forbes In the Forbt Unaa sins recently said : To put the railroad a(aln under tha thumb of the Interatata Commerce Commlaaion, which did Ita boat to wreck them before, would lead the country nowhere except probably to renewed chaoa by and by. Scores of plans, systems, schemes have been suggested b which the com mission should be shorn of Its powers at d relegated to the scrap heap, b'jt th commission is still hers It is still do in business at the old stand In Wash ington. Meantime there is no relief for the railroads In sight. There will be no relief for the railroads until the law providing for the Interstate Commerce Commission la rescinded and a naw body with potent oowers and with more en lightened and quickened methods shall taks Its place. This country Is a commercial coun try, nothing more, nothing less. Its rail roads should be t.eated as going busi ness concerns, nothing more, nothing leas. The Interstate Commerce Com mission should be dons away with root, branch and leaf. In Its place should be a supreme transportation body of competent cltiiens of the highest typo of efficiency and Integrity, at liberal sal aries, and thla transportation body should be sppqjnted by the President and confirmed by ths Senate, and the terms of the members of this transpor tation body should be for life or pend ing good behavior, except that Its meni- l.crM should be retired at thi ac Of 9, Such a body would not be subject to political Influences. In addition to this supreme transpor tation body, say of from five to seven members, there should be minor re gional transportation bodies, appointed like the supreme body, from whose decision there could be appeals made to the supreme transportation body of the United States at Washington. Inas much ns under the Constitution there arc three branches of the Oovernment, xecutlve. Judicial and leglslstlve, the supreme transportation department at Washington could, under a new law. do mnrte an annex of the 8upreme Court of the United States and the minor re gional departments of transportation could he made adjuncts of tho Federal Circuit and District courta The railroad men. the bankers, the shippers, labor organisations, security holders should all make up their minds to one fact, that neither the railroads nor persons having business with the Interstate Commerce. Commission can ever get what Is known In eommon par lance as "a square dear' until the commission Is taken out of politics, until that body is supplanted by one that has a free hand, a broad conception of the growing needs of the country-, whose embers are not dependent upon the beck and nod or frown of a member of the House of Representatives or of a United States Senator. Harh pan. New York, July IS. HUGO TURNS MOTOR LAW JUDGE TO-DAY Stato Socfetary First to Pill Place Caused by Vehicle Violations. WILL REVOKE LICENSES The preamble to the first ten amend ments to the Constitution recites that "further declaratory and restrlctlvs clauses" are necessary "to prevent abuse of Its powers'' conferred under the Con- aroused the shippers and other constit uents of members of the House of Rep rostntatlvea and the United States Sen ate to complain of and to resent the advanced rates and to declare that their stltutlon. and therefore these ten amend- ; repre!K.nUltv shou,d , , it that the ments constitute the limitations on ths Unteratate Commerce Commission should power of the Senate, Congress and tho j , . . ZJ ' I not grant further advances ' , . ., . No matter about the financial condl- If the League of Nations Is more than ,. nt ,h rallron, no m.tter how a "treaty" under the meaning and In- , neceHnry the8e advance. wer.. no mat- oi oeve.u,. t. Li. iu P how the service of the public suf of the powers given in that section It for ack of th(,m , and must be disposed of under the Tenth h ,.on,,lluents wcre utterly opposed Amenoment to tne uonatitution. wnica reserves "to the States or to the people" all powers not delegated by the Constitution. The rules for construing statutes. If applied, certainly bring this ratification of the covenant of the League under the Tenth Amendment, and the rule that dis puted or amblgtieus statutes should be construed according to the Intent of tho legislators also applies. Nbwark RBAnKR. Niwajik, N. J.. July IS. WHEN A MAN'S DRUNK. Expert Opinion Ulven to a Long Isl and Magistrate. To thi Editor or Ths Sun Sir: Some time In the '80a when I was a commit ting magistrate, a well known character about the town was brought before me to paying anything like an adequate sum for adequate service, and the poUtlclans took up the cudgels asainst the commis sion. Indeed, in the case of the 6 per cent, rate advance several years ago Senator Newlands. then the head of the Interstate Commerce Committee of the Senate, was practically swamped with letters and telegrams from his constit uents protesting agulnst the action of the commission, and to the last day of his life he told of the abuse showered upon him for that advance. The same rtory could be told of scores morn of the members of the House of Repre sentatives and the United States Senat". At this very moment members of the House and members of the Senate are beseeching the Interstate Commerce Commission to reduce freight and pas senger rates which were decreed as ab solutely essential by former IMrector- General McAdoo and which have been sustained by Director-General Hlnea The by an officer, who charged him with being intoxicated In a public place. It ' politicians are always at the commission was self-evident that the man was drunk. 1 n an effort to beat dewn rates so that but he denied It, and uddresed mo as they can tell their constituents of the follows: "Judge, I am not drunk, lou! great work the did for them in ush are supposed to know when a man la ington, caring little or nothing how the really drunk, but you don't I'll tell you. Judge, when a man Is really drunk. It Is when he has to lie down flat on Ms stomach and hold tight to the grass with his Angers and toes to keep from floating up into the air; then he Is drunk." 1 had gained some information, so I discharged him. I wonder how much 2.7a per cent, beer it would take to put a man In that condition. I may add that the man referred to Is still alive and well preserved In alcohol. Arinoton H. Carman. Patchoour, July 18. This Is Not Promised In the Covenant To thi Editor or Tin Sun Sir: I noticed that The PH seemed perturbed over the safekeeping of the originals of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. They undoubtedly will be weU cared for ufter Woodrow I. gets his world empire smoothly running under his League of Nations pretext He will probably send them to the British Museum, as that In stitution la noted for Its careful guar dianship of quaint documents. Karl F. Wirt. B10OMSBUBO, Pa, July 18. If you are a lover of tha Maine coast and don't know about the naw nattuaal park there an article by Wllhem P l)r. la ma a In afuaaer'a 3apartne for Auguat will Intereat you. Other timely arttrlea are "The ureal Oil Boom," by Judaon C. Wtlllvar; "Tha Epic of tha Mlaaiaalppl," by Kayraond 8. Spears, akatohea of National Chalrmea Kays and Cummlnga by J. Churchill Williams, and "What a Blind Man Can IM," the atory of Dr Harry 8. Will of tha University of Toledo. A naw aerial, "Bob of Arue," by Maryland Allan, bealna In thla taaua, while "Beau Revel," "Rmkere la Adventure" and "The 9ea Brule' are continued The ahorl atoiiea, all llluetrated, are by Max Brand. Wake lelgh Rhodes, Clarence Melly. Kay Cleaver strahan, Jim Egen, John t. Hwaln and Robert haaaaa. railroads come out of this system of erosion : thla In ths face of the fact that many of the railroads are not earning their operating expenses, lot alone tho Intereat on their debts while the trans nortatlon service grows worse and worse. The railroads of the country will never be adequately nourished nor tho security holders protected nor the pub lie needs served so long as railroad nr fairs arc in the handn of a commission that had Its Inception In oolltlcs, is dom inated by politics and will continue to be dominated b politics President Ripley of the AtchlBon, To- peka and Santa Fe Railroad, probably one of the most outspoken railroad ex ecutives, speaking of the conunlaslon. said the other day: Tha Interatata Commerce Commla aion ha been In exlalence about thirty two yeara, and during that time haa hal many able inembcre. It haa alo had many not ao able and many who era appointed be.auae of political ac tlvltlea or who had made the railroad bualneaa their objective In the way of critlclam. It la a alngular thing, hoa -ever, that In all of lta thlrt-two yeara of exta'ance It haa never had aa a member either a railroad man or a bualnaaa man or a ahlpper or a farmer. There waa appointed on It a railroad conductor who had no pravloua ktiuwl dga of the railroad bualneaa except aa a conductor He haa made one of tha beat Commleelonere thay have had ba cauaa he haa done aa veil aa ha could with the education that he had. There have been other membera who have been partially eduoatad at our expenaa. They were abaolutely without experi ence. Many of them have learned that there are two aldea to a queetlnn and have proved valuable to the commla aion There are atlll othera who have not seen the light. They are atlll atand Ing In tha way of a comprmlae or of a fair way out of thla muddle. It la only ten daya ago that one of tha membere of tha oommiaalon aald he did not think any remedial maaaurea ware naceaaary, the roada were earning aa muck money Reckless Automobile Driving Getting to Be Great Men aee, He Says. THE COST OF UNIFORMS. An Allowance Made to Marine Corps Officers Recently Graduated. Tn thi Euitok or TBI St'N Sir. In Thi Sun recently there appeared a let ter dated New York. July 10. and signeu "Sailor Man." In which it was stated that i30 marines had been graduated from the officers' training school at Quan tlco. Va., and that they had been put tn an average exoenae of at least JSflO for uniforms, although the appointing authorities knew that the graduates were to be immediately put upon an Inactive status, without pay. This letter waa brought to my atten tion by civilians, who asked me to In vestigate and find out If the statements contained In it were true. I assured th.m that such a procedure was en tirely at variance with the normal atti tude and policy of the headquarters or the Marine Corps and I took It upon myaelf to have the matter Investigated at Washington, with the result that I have been informed officially that 233 candidates were graduated on June 16 and were commissioned Second Lieuten ants In the Marine Corps Reserve ; thnt they were all advised before graduation that they could not be retained on nn active status for any length of time; that on account of the sweeping reduc tions made by Congress In the strength of the Marine Corps and he lack of appropriations resulting therefrom they would all be put on an inactive status after the first of July 1 that these young men were placed on an active status for a short period In June, and that under existing law when so placed they re vived a uniform gratuity of 8150, and that It waa unnecessary for any of them to expend more than 1100 for uniforms As "tailor Man's" letter 'gives a very wrong impression of the treatment ac corded these officers and Is decldedly Inaccurate In its statement of alleged facts 1 would deem It a favor If you will give this letter the same publicity which you gave to the on- atgnetl ".Sailor Man" 11 H Kn"p- Lieutenant-Colonel United States Ma rine Corps New York, Ju'y 18. When the court crier In Special Ses sions gets on the Job at 10 A. M. to-day and booms his call against the tall walls of that dingy temple of Justice there will bo a new Judge on the bench, uhe new est thing In Judges, as a matter of fact For the first tlmo In tho history of ths State the Secretary of State will sit as a Magistrate, clothed by the Legislature with a full suit of Judicial power. Only one variety of case falls within Ills Juris diction, however, and this varloty has to do with Infractions of the motor vehicle law. The lost Legislature acted on the principle that If the Secretary of State haa Uhe right to give McenKes to motor car drivers he ought to have the right to rescind licenses for cause. Therefore thet made the Hon. Francis M. Hugo the Ann Motor Law Judge The Secretary came to New York from Albany yesterday and put up nt the Hotel Commodore, wtiere he tulked about the purpose and spirit of the new law and about how he expects It will work for ths public good. The new law provides that wherever the operator of a motor car is convicted a tlilrd time for violating the speed limit, or for driving a ear while drunk, or for negllgcnco In Injuring a person or for fleeing without giving nanii'. address or car number, thcr the Secretary of State shall have power, arter reviewing the circumstances, to re voke the operator's license. The cases that will go before tiltn arc fresh from the police Magistrates' courts, cases In which convictions were found for various offences. Rut the Magistrates have not the power enjoyed by the Sec retary of State of revoking licenses and Mr. Hugo's mission as a Motor Law Judge is to see to it that grave offences are adequately punished. Seeks to Protect Life?. "Matters have got to such a pass." said Mr. Hugo yesterday, "that responsible officials must do something to protect human life. In this State in the last year 1,260 persona were slain by motor cars, half of the number being killed In New Y'ork city. Moat of these cases were due to reckless driving or intoxi cation. It is a sttameful and shocking record and It must not be repeated. 'There are two ways by which a re form can be brought about. One is edu cational. We must appeal to the good sense and solrlt of fair play that is strong In most men. We must do a lot of publicity work among drivers ; as suring them that their rights will be protected as long as they show a de cent regard for the rights of pedestrians and the public generally. The educa tional campaign Is the more important of the two methods because It will reach and Influence a larger number of people than will the other method. "Hut, unfortunately, there are many drivers who cannot be reach"d by ap peal and argument. This Is especially true In Uhe big cities, where some pretty hard cases have gone into the trade of professional chauffeur. These fellows need curbing and taming. They need something more than an occasional lec ture from a Magistrate or a small fine. They need the definite and certain pun ishment of losing their right to drive a car. And that's what I'm going to do to them. IllBh Time for Action, "Of course l cannot prejudgti cases, but It is proper for me to state in a general way that 1 will use to the limit the power the Legislature has given me to discipline and punlah dangerous oper ators of motor cars. Men with a con sistently bad record need expect no mercy In my belief the sooner they are kicked out of the business the bet ter It will be all around. I'm going to get action. It's high time." Tho new court will open thla morning with alnnii ten cases on the docket, most of them. Mr Hugo said, being cases of arrests for Intoxication w-hlle driving a car. The Secretary of State as Judge Hugo will review the stenographic record of the case, will question the culprits and hear testimony In the usual manner. Then he will take time to form a de cision and announce whether the ac cused persons shall bo permitted to drive any more. Chief Justice Kemochatl of the Court of Special Sesslona pleased Mr. Hugo very much yesterday when he tendered the Special Sessions Court room for the use of the Secretary In trying his batch of cases. The Sun Calendar THL WEATHEK. MIMATL'HK ALMANAC Standard Time )un Heft i A M Sun aeta IM P at Moon riaea 11 :ti P M For Eastern New York Partly cloudy In north, showers tn south portion to-day and probably to-morrow; moderate tem perature , moderate south winds. Kor MOW Jersey Showera to-day and probably to-morrow; moderate tempera ture, gentle aoutherly wlnda. Kor northern New Eng land Partly cloudy to-day and to-morrow, not much change In temperature; gentle to mod erate, auuth and aoulhwtat wlnda. sor southern New Knglund She a era to-day and prottabiy to-ruorruw; moderate aouth wlads Por wraiern Now York Pair to-day . partly oloudy tovnoirow, not much change In temperature, gentle variable wlnda. WASHINGTON, July II High prreaure peralata off the Atlantic coaat and pre auro la low In the eat Canadian provinces and the Soulhweaurn Htatea. There haa be-n a further fell In temperature In the pla na Hlatia and the Kocky Mountain region and tempcraturea are now below normal In these diatrlcta. In other parta of the country temperature changes were unimportant and readlnga remained near the normal. Jn thi laat twenty-four houra general ralna oecurrred in the Atlantic and Gulf stuu-a. lbs eouthei n Hoeky Muun tain and aouth plateau region. North Pa kola and southern Montana. Heavy ralna fell In Maryland, aoutheastern Pennsyl vania, Dlatrlet of Columbia, Virginia. South Carolina, tleorgla, northern Ple.rlda. eoulh eaat Ixtulalana, north Texaa and western Oklahoma. The outlook la for continued ahowery weather with moderate tempera ture Saturday and Sunday throughout the Atlantic and cant liulf States and Ten nesaec. In the Ohio Valley and Ihe region of Ihe great lakea the weather will be gen erally fair Saturday and Sunday except that thunder ahowcra are probable In tha upper lake region. Observation at P rean Ptahniia taken nty nfth meridian t A Bugler for the Mayor. To ths EnrroR or Ths Bun Str. You recommend a blimp service for our Mayor. Why not come down to earth T Let our Mayor have on the front seat of his car a bugler Lei our Board of i Aldermen fix IHe n,neB t,u bugler is to bugle. Then when the public hears the signal from the Mayor's bugle let ail traffic stop. I? this scheme doesn't work let the Mayor stay home David Lambkrtson. Matawan. July IS We Are lMlghted to Pralae Ihe President When lie I ItlgM. To thi Bonoa or Tut Its-Str: Why do you not dofand on your editorial page the action of the Prealdent In vetoing the del -light aavtng repeal? I am a dull) reader of Ths Sls and cannot underetamt jour 4 I MmiUK Lis rtocsi nut., n J . July is. The Sln comm. id. d Mr. Wilson for his veto on the morning after he wrote lt- Melleence. From Me WaiMnalon Star "Id like u g..e a 'rlend advlre. ' gg 1 heaeklah Binge. "I've even irled It once or twlca. A allghl rraull H brlnga With oaae I though' frlenda might be turne 1 To elmple wave anew. It seemed mu 'h harrier ahn I learned Each peraenal polm of view. "Kor each muat :ead hie little Ufa in hla appointed way. And be a hero In the atrlfa Or falter In tha fray . I d rather land a helping hand Than waata line worda on thing" Thai maybe I dor. t underatand." Station Ahilene . Albany Atlantic city Baltimore ... Illamarck .... Boston Purralo Charleston .. Chicago Cincinnati .. Cleveland ... Denver Detroit iinlveaton Helens JpcasnnvlIJe hnneaa titr I ."i Angelea. Milwaukee . . New- Orleana. ... Kk Oklahoma City. . 4 Philadelphia .... 7 tt'iirr t? Portland. Me. .. M I'crtlann. Ore... 0 Salt Lake Ctr . . 82 flan Antonio M i I ranclivi, S2 San Illego 72 St Ixula Ml Washington . . . . 7 SMITH ACTS IN ROME STRIKE. Governor I'rgea Mannfaetorera to I ..tier with Men. .vpeviil leaporcA to Tar. Si v. ALBANY, July 18. OoV, Smith to-day after a conference with Mrs. Prancei Perkins, member of the State Industrial Commission, Issued a formal request asking the manvefacturers involved in the strike nl Home. N. Y., tn confer with representatives of the strikers and trv to reach an agreement. The strike among copper mil workers at Homo has lasted a eonsKleral.;e period ami on Mnti day found its climax In riots, during which three were killed and many Injured, and was slopped only by the In terference of Flate police. Mrs. Perkins has made an Investiga tion of the situation at Home Hiid haa found that the employers heretofore re fused to meet representatives of the men and that much of the ill reeling was due to this attitude. The State Indus trial Commission through Its bureau of mediation and with the solid backing of rjov, Smith wii; make every effort to effect h settlement between the warring factions nltril at a me : Temlw High. aa Slates Weather flu- P. M. yesterday, aev- halnfall Bar- Iaki 24 . lira. Weather. . . Cloudy ranire. Lew ometer 0 2t.72 71) 80 10 pt CM 7". jo 12 oa n. t idy 7J S0.10 1 CO nam M tS.M o Clear 7J 10.12 .21 Clnu.lr 70 VlM Pt. ridy o HOIaJ .40 CloudT 7J SO 05 . Clear M 2P..H . Pt. I 'My sa so 02 pt cidy M 22 .01 it, m 71 .mm Clear : y.i.t .M pt. cidy M 2P.M . Clear 74 MM .14 Onulv W ISM . Clear' se 211 a .. Clear M 2 M t lear 7 .M .14 pt. ride M a M (11 Pt CldT 70 SO U 1 .M naln M an no . rt cnty SO OS . . Cloiily 54 80 (as . . Clear A fa 14 Clear 74 J . . Clear S3 a . Clear TO !K1 T.R Pt Cidy W a 91 . Clear 73 soon naln 3" 21 9 K. ! tin In B7 LOCAL WEATHER RRTORDS I A. M. 8PM tvnrnm-ter 3019 Humidity f Wind direction 8 E. Wind - velocity 6 Weather Cloud-. Precipitation None The temperature In thla cllv veaterdav. aa recorded by the official thermometer, la ehnun in the annexed table! 8 A. M ... 68 J P. M . . . "0 It A. M ... To il P. M ... 71 3 P M 4 P. M 5 P. M 1818. 1(1 A. M 11AM 12 M. .. 9 A M. ISM.. 3 P M . .71 . .71 . .73 1919. .71 .70 .70 .73 .71 74 81 Hlgheet temperature i.nw.-at temperature Average temperature, 68. IP M " P. M P Mi i . M 11 P. M 1919 P. M 70 9 P M 9 12 Mid 68 72. at 12 noon 65. at 5 A. M . . . .at .69 . .89 . . 1918. 80 T4 71 EVENTS TO-DAY. Memorial aervlce for Dr. Theodore Merat. founder of the Zionist Movement, Coop t'nlon. 8 P. M. Excuralon to Weal Point, Columbia Vnl veralty Summer aVhoOl. Police game,. Speedway Park. Sheeps head Bay Ieeture on "Roee Gardena." G. V. Naah. New York Uotanlcal Oardrna Pageant and entertainment at NC-4 In Central Park. War Camp Community Ser vice. 7 P. M. $613,000,000 SUNDRY BILL PASSES SENATE Vetoed Measure Carries More Funds for Soldiers. Washington, July 18. Carrying In creased appropriations for the rehabilita tion and education of disabled soldiers, sailors and marines, the $813, 000, 000 sundry civil appropriation bill was passed to-day by the Senate. The Presi dent vetoed tho original bill because it limited funds for training wounded service men. The bill was sent to the President upon its Signature bV tha Vlc-President ,,,! Speaker. Senator Mviim , Mon 1 n . . . cessful offorts to add amendments appro priating 160.600. 000 mid $6,000,000 re spectively for reclamation projects and to aid farmers affected by drought In tils west. Senator Smoot (Utah) criticising the salary provisions of the amendment, insert,.,) after President Wilson's veto, said much of the funds would be apant for teachers' salaries. "If reports are true," he aald, "It Is a bill for flr.aial rehabilitation of pro fessors from n:ie end of the country to the other." Senator Smoot detailed charges made by Joseph U. Branch, president of tho Branch School of Knglneerlng at Chl cago that four thousand disabled soldiers w, r sent to Ihe Iiunwoodie In stitute In Minnesota, with which Charles A Prosier, director of the Federal Board for Vocational Brlueetlon, is connected, and nune assigned to the Branch school, although It had offered to teach the men for $15 a month each, compared with $.'0 charged at iJunwoodie. Senator Ksnyon (low,) said Investi gation showed ui soldiers w,rc sent to IJunwoodie before Dr. Proaser became director of the board ; that only forty four were there now and that tiie insti tute did not charge $60 a month for teaching them. Pais Heaekiah Blngs wt miunmi Joaxaoa. PARCEL POST RATE RESTORED. Parkagr, May lie Sent lo liermnny for 111 I'enta a Poo ml Wash inutos, July 18. The pre-war rale of twelve cents a pound on parcel pi.st packages to Oermany was reestab lished to-day by tha Post Oftlce Depart nient. The limit of weight on such pack ages is eleven pounds. Announcement alao was muoe thai the domestic tetter rste of two cents an ounce In effect when mail wont directly from one country to the other would bo r- es'abliatied ns sonn as direct steamship lints htd been restored. FxchHiigc nf money orders with tier many will not be resumed pending 'he negotiation of a new treaty, which olH rials said was made necessary by the decline In the value of the Herman mark Deatroyer Mrer I. snitched. QlI Ml T Mass. July is The de stroyer Meyer, named in memory of for mer Se'-retary of the Navy 1 leorge von 1.. Meyer, waa launched to-day at the Pore Mver yards of the Bethkh.ni Shipbuilding Corporation. Mr.a Alice Rodgers of Chevy iigse. Md , axdaugh ter of Mr. MeyV sponsor., SIX AMERICAN CHEVALIERS. K. of C. and Y. M. 1. A. -Workers Are Anioag Heclplenta. Pais. July 18 -C'apt- Andre Tarrlleu, head of the tleneral Commission for Franco- American Affaire, to-day pre sented on behalf of the French Qevern, nient the i.'rots of ihe legion of Honor to Kdwaii I, li.arr,, geneeal cc.mmla sionor for Europe of the Knights of Col unilus; Secretar) ft. C Carter of tha V M. 1' A. in France, ami Inrector iovi. r.r ,o . . ,., . . ' ", e 1 .1 , jorn l.-...r.,- ,.,o..M .- . . , ""' emi,., UI loe 8 l.icr 1 CiUl fCtl CM commission: Hurtle (imp. of ths American Treasury Department and fi nance controller of the American Armv In Europe, and M Vlbbert, secretary of the American L'nlon in Paris. in making tin preatnttMlon t'apt Tar dietl recalled the services rendered by me re. . pi, ins of the honor, and said thai tl a decoration! had been awarded by the French lioi t rr.meiu as a tribute of gra-.-tudi . ii, ,1.11., i .-,oiuiera .stud. Casees In tonography, Kngliai, and Spanish, history, civics and inf have been started at Qensral Hi lfal No 1. Hun Hill road. The Bronx for convalescent soldiers. iMtrtlOtorfl from Columbia University and Hunter College have been ilcaineii through in Amer can Red i 'ross. und art eg tension of ths cou-so to Include a number Of other vo cational studies ia planned. There tre now c;,n men and sO offlcera under care at the hospital.