OCR Interpretation


The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, July 20, 1919, Image 1

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030431/1919-07-20/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

weather forecast.
Cloudy and shower? to-day; to-morrow
probably rain; moderate aouth winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 81 ; lowest, 69.
Detailed westhxr report! on editorial paa.
be
IT SHINES FOP ALL
VOL. LXXXVL NO. 323.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, JULY 20, 1919 m- "
74 PAGES.
PRICE FIVE CENTS fU,
la Greats
York. 1
MEXICANS ASSA ULT U. S. SAILORS A T TAMPICO;
FLAG INSULT IDENTICAL WITH 1914 INCIDENT
LEA GUE CHANCES DIMINISHING IN SENA TE
SESSION LIKELY
TO FIX FLAWS IN
N.Y. INCOME TAX
Gov. Smith Considers Call
for Legislature to Alter
Law if Necessary.
SITUATION IS DANGEROUS
State's Financial Status in
Jeopardy if Act Should Fail
to Stand Test.
Speetaf Dtfpatch to Tax Sen.
Albant, July 19. The Legislature
may meet In special sesrton to recon
sider the State's taxation problem if
Oov. Smith agrees with Comptroller
Travis and Attorney-General Newton,
both of whom believe the State's in
come tax law Is unconstitutional in
that It conflicts with the Federal Con
stitution on certain points.
The question will be decided at a
conference here Monday, when the
Governor will discuss with the two of
ficials the various phases of the sit
uation.' It is understood that Comp
troller Travis strongly favors a special
session because of the disastrous re
sult to the State's financial situation
which would result from a court de
cision holding the income tax law un
constitutional after it becomes opera
tive next March.
Gov. Smith has not formed any def
inite views on the matter, but will be
open to arguments. If Mr. Travis and
Mr. Newton can prove that the' law Is
unconstitutional and that the State can
net afford to delay action until January
the Governor will order the Legislature
to convene In extraOrdrrtat'y session. It
Is plain, however, from the Governor's
attitude that the proponents of Immedi
ate tax legislation will be compelled to
show him urgent necessity beyond any
doubt.
Should a special session be called It la
impossible to foretell how long it would
last, as all would depend upon the scope
of tax matters to be considered.
If it Is found that the entire law is
unconstitutional and that other revenue
sources must be developed to raise the
50.000,noo anticipated through the lu
cerne tax it probably will entail the cre
ation of a new tax programme and also
a complete survey of appropriations
made in the regular session. This would
open the doors for prolonged discussion
and bickering, which would consume
considerable time even under gag rule.
On the other hand. If the Monday's
conference discloses that only certain
parts of the Income tax law are uncon
stitutional the Governor will not agree
to call a special session. One Individual
feature objected to Is that which does
not extend exemption privileges to non
rea.dsnts. It Is asserted that this is
unconstitutional because it discriminates
at the expense of non-residents who
earn their living In this State but do
not get the same privileges as residents
get.
This point was raised recently by the
State of New Jersey and placed before
Gov. Smith, who agreed that a change
should be made, saying, though, that he
thought there would be ample time to
have this done by the Legislature In
January.
O'RYAN BACKED
AN INQUIRY INTO
ARMY CRUELTY
Had Received Complaints
and Forwarded Them
to Washington.
REPORTS ABE PUBLISHED
Affidavits Tell of Brutal
Treatment of Men in
Camps in France.
Would Let Kaiser Give
Himself Up for Trial
By tho Attwiattd PrsM.
QENEVA, July 19. It is re-
ported from Bern that the
Dutch Prince Consort, who is
travelling in Switzerland, has de
clared in private conversation that
Holland would refuse formally to
surrender the former German
Emperor to the Allies if asked.
Holland, however, would not
hinder him from voluntarily ap
pearing before an allied or
neutral tribunal or from return
ing to Germany, as according; to
Dutch laws the former monarch
is considered simply a political
exile.
SENATORS GROW
MORE INSISTENT
TO CHANGE PACT
Number Pledged to Reject
Treaty, as Well as League,
Unless Amended.
TELEPHONE STRIKE ENDS.
YownsTstown Girls Win S3 a Week
Increase.
Tounobtown, July 19. The strike of
more thsn a hundred operators of the
Central Union and the Ohio State tele
phone companies In progress here for
eight days was settled to-night when the
operators accepted the company's pro
posal of a 13 a week Increase In pay
with no discrimination against union
numbers
The girls lost their fight to have op
erators discharged who had not Joined
the strike, and company officials said
to-night the exchanges would remain
open shops
SOLDIERS IN RACE
RIOT AT CAPITAL
Assault on White Women
Stir Service Men.
Washinoton, July 1. Soldiers,
aallors and marines on liberty in the
cltv. said to hsve been sroused yy re
peated assaults on white women by
negroes during the last few days. In
vaded a colored residential district to
night and one colored man was severely
beaten.
The sixth attack by negroes on white
women during the laat four weeks on the
streets of the nations capital was re
ported early to-day to the police. In this
case the assailants were frightened away,
hut in four ether cases the victims were
robbed or Injured. Rewards totalling
more than IS.000, raised by private
subscription, are standing for the, ar
rest of the culprits
One negro held by the police has been
Identified by two women as their sssell
m. but the police say their evidence is
only circumstantial. Cltlsen searching
parties have been out. and at one time
I thought they had a man located In the
R most fashionable section of the city,
1 close by the homes of many nationally
men.
Following charges of criminal treat
ment of American, soldiers In France
ty officers of the Expeditionary Force,
alleged to have resulted In their tor
ture, death and suicide, James W.
Beck man of this city, formerly a sergeant-major
in the A. E. F., yesterday
made public a letter he has sent Rep
resentative Frederick W. Dallinger In
Washington urging that the officers
upon whom he says the responsibility
lies be brought to trial. The charges
have already been the subject of Con
gressional Investigation.
"I urge," says Beckman In his letter,
"that Brlg.-Gen. Hart. President Wil
son's former aid and the officer in
charge of the military administration
of Paris, be brought to trial on the
charge of manslaughter. Inasmuch as
he Is responsible for these crimes
which were committed over a period
of a year or more under his command.
"Also that Gen. Pershing be brought
to trial for gross Incompetence and
negligence that amounts to criminality.
because the crimes of the Paris Military
Police were committed right under hi
rose, and there la no excuse or defer.. e
which he can make for not having
known of them or not havlner them
stopped, and because similar atrocities
were the rule at several other places In
France.
The case against the military ad
ministration of Paris which I presented
to you for your action and which has
been proved through your patriotic
efforts, and now admitted by the officers
ill charge, la only the first of a series of
cases which I will present to you to
bring before Congress. I have the evi
dence to prove each case aa the first one
was proved. .
'Some of these cases Involve Gen.
Pershing directly and others indirectly aa
the commander in chief of the American
Expeditionary Forces responsible for the
hideous Prussian system which he per
mitted to develop In the American Ex
peditionary Forces and disgrace the
good name of America and American
democracy In the eyes of the world."
Assistance to tne special committee or
the House now Investigating alleged
cruelties to soldiers at disciplinary bar
racks and prison farms in France, both
before and after the armistice, was fur
nished yesterday by Lieut-Col. J. Leslie
Klncaid. formerly Judge Advocate of tne
Twenty-seventh Division, who sent to
Secretary Baker for the use of the com
mittee a copy of a report made by him
self and Lieut -Col. J. Mayhew Waln
wrlght. division Inspector. Shortly after
the Twenty-seventh Division returned to
New York with stories of the alleged
brutalities practised upon Its men the
General Staff at Washington Issued a
denial that the original report had ever
been received by it.
Col. Klncaid explains that the original
affidavits mado by non-commissioned of
ficers and privates were sent In with the
original report, which was made Decem
ber 26 and forwarded by the two omcers
to Major-Gen. John F. O'Ryan, the divi
sion commander. He In turn transmitted
: to the Adjutant General of the A. E. F.
In Paris, from whom through military
channels It waa supposed eventually to
have reached the General Staff in Wash
ington. Resort to Secretary Baker.
The report by Col. Walnwrlght and
Col. Klncaid. now forwarded to Secre
tary Baker, follows:
"1, A number of soldiers of this divi
sion, returning from leave, have been
detained by the military police In Paris.
For the purpose of this report. It Is as
sumed that their detention waa author
ised and reasonable, and no question Is
raised on this score, although In many
cases the circumstances surrounding
these arrests appear to Indicate that the
arrests were unreasonable and 111 ad
vised. If not entirely unauthorised.
'Three of the soldiers concerned, all
of whom are men of high order of
Intelligence with considerable standing
in the neighborhood In which they re
side, have made sworn ststements In
the matter. Steps are now being taken
to have the statements of other men
taken This was not dons st Divisional
Headquarters yesterday as the men had
reported to their respective commands,
with the exceptions above noted.
"In reducing the statements of these'
three men to writing, It was deemed ad
visable, for obvious reasons, to omit
a considerable portion of their stories.
The extraneous matter would have
made no stronger case against ths In
dividuals who are specifically accused
of brutsllty. but would have tended to
low a most deplorable condition which
should be the subject of a much more
comprehensive and searching Investiga
tion than could be made here.
"2. The Investlgstlng officers desire,
however, to call to the division com
mander's attention. Informally and con
fidentially, certain of these statements.
The soldiers complain that at the Petit
ITALY'S ANGER
ALARMS FRANCE
Immediate Withdrawal of
Troops From Fiume. Is
Urged by Bouillon.
WILSOX MAY GIVE UP TRIP
EX-CROWN PRINCE IS
WILLING TO BE TRIED
BY U. S., NOT ALLIES
Court as Now Planned Must Convict, He Declares
Would Like to Be American Financial King
Dutch Official Says Kaiser and Son Can
Leave Holland at Any Time.
1
BLAME PUT ON WILSON
Crisis Brought on by Presi
dent and No Solution Of
fered, Is Charge.
By III RFM F. HI LIS.
Staff Correspondent of Tas Set.
Conright. 131 J. all righto reserved
Paris. July 19. Franklin Bouillon,
head of the Foreign Relations Com
mittee of the Chamber of Deputies,
who has just returned from Italy,
sounds .a. note of grave alarm in a
signed article in yesterday's Jfatin,
saying that never since the days of
Crespl has the hostility of the Italian
nation to France been ao manifest. He
adds:
"This truth must be told brutally to
our country, which is held In Igno
rance regarding foreign affairs by the
Government censorship. To-dsy peace
has been signed with Germany, but
the Allies have decided nothing in re
gard to the Interests vital to Italy;
there Is no solution of the Adriatic
problem, no solution of the colonies
question, no solution of the situation
in Asia Minor.
"More than that. Smyrna, formerly
promised to our ally, has been given to
the Greeks, and as a last disillusionment
Italy has boen placed outside of the
treaty of alliance between France, Great
Britain and America."
M. Bouillon advocates the Immediate
wlthdrswal of French troops from Flume,
saying Italy dislikes to have her neigh
bor, France, act as a policeman of the
Adriatic. He continues:
"It Is America which brought on this
critla through President Wilson's letter,
but America has taken particular pains
not to send a single soldier to Fiume.
leaving us, because we made a mistake
In establishing a base there, to suffer
all the consequences of the President's
act Already It has cost us many dead
and to-morrow It may cost us also the
loss of the Italian alliance."
Never has the situation between the
two countries been graver, according to
this authority on French foreign affairs.
who appeals to the Government to act
Immediately before It Is too late, Insist
ing that the. Italian alliance never was
more necessary to FYance than at this
moment. He concludes :
'Demonstrate to Italy not by words
but by acta, by the offer of an alliance,
our wish in the face of the German bloc,
which always Is menacing, to create a
bloc of eighty millions of French and
Italians, to which we can Join also our
brothers of Rumania and Portugal and
perhaps of Spain."
President Is Worried About
Inquiries Respecting Shan
tung Concession to Japan.
the windswept, fogbound, rainy island permits he talj.es a
run around the place on his motorcycle.
"Flee?" he asked. "You see I am still here. Where
should I flee to? Why should I flee? These stories are on
a par with many other newspaper tales about me. I have
been killed repeatedly, have committed suicide, even my
funeral has been seen. Now I have fled several times.
13 REPORTED DEAD
IN W. VA. RAINSTORM
By KARL H. von WIEGAND,
Staff Correepondent of Ths 80s.
f Copyright. 191; all righle reeerxed.
WIERINGEN, July 17 (delayed). With the public in
terest of the world focussed on the coming struggle between
little Holland and the powerful Allies over the question of
iviwtmsf n n tVm fnrmor Ivntsor nnH t.hfi former Crown Prince of
Ssectal Despatch to Tn Scm. " .
r mm i'. - ., 1 I... 4 U , An a nr, i Ad vrtiinit l.rmf rw I W llholm
Washington- Julv 19 While (hi lnnIIJ iI WIS! WJ una viraiuw, vvwg a ...
Fresident has let it be known that he j in semi-exile on his dreary isle, prof esses to be awaiting de
ls "pleased" with the resuita of his re- j Velopments philosophically.
cent secret conclaves with Republican ... ...... -L v.
senators-particuiariy those senators His health is good and he is in better spirits than when
whose backbones are not of the chiiied I saw him three months ago and spent three hours with him.
steel variety-it is known that the ! He keeps himself occupied with brisk exercise, studying
ZrL'rTv,,, . the violin, sketching, reading and writing, but
reieot the, whole, neAm rtv nrt the ! music seems to be his chief deliorht. When the weather on
league scheme unless Mr. Wilson ac
cepts important reservations.
The source of this Information can
not be disclosed but there are more
than enough of these scions to force
the Issue. And this list has not
reached full proportions yet?S.Those
men were pledged after serious and
thoughtful consideration of the con
sequences their action might bring
upon them. They are prepared fpr
whatever may be the political conse
quences and, if need be, to be retired by
their constituents If the worst comes
to the worst. They are not willing to
remain in the Senate if the price o'
doing so is supporting the treaty and
the league plan sa It now stands with
out Important reservations.
Senate leaders do not care to make
the list public, but It may be given out
later or It may be furnished to the
President privately. 1
Cannot Ratify Treaty aa It la.
This means briefly, unless the Presi
dent can sway a sufficient number of
these Senators to his. views this is re
garded as absolutely out of the ques
tionthat Mr. Wilson is defeated now
In his light to secure ratification of the
treaty and the league untouched. It
meana that Important reservations
will be made as regards the sover
eignty and independence of the United
States or the treaty will go back to
Paris rejected.
The situation now leaves Ave pos
sible courses of action open to the
Senate. They are:
1. Ratification without amend
ments but with certain conditions
definitely set forth in the adminis
trative law affecting the treaty
which must be passed.
2. Ratification with interpretative
reservations.
S, Ratification with reservations
making such changes that the
document would have to go back
to Paris.
4. Ratification with actual amend
ments to the body of the document
Itself.
5. Rejection of the treaty out
right. Of these courses the first would be the
leaat shock to the President and his sup
porters and the last would mean the
undoing of whatever the President ac
complished during his long absence from
hie post of duty. As a matter of fa:
the first possible course has been sug
gested by certain Admlnlstrstlon Sena
tors who realise the futility of trying to
get ths document past the Senate as
It new stands. It has not met with
much favor.
Mexican Bandit Kill
British Mine Foreman
LAREDO, Texas, July 19.
Private teles-rams received
; here to-day stated that Theodore
Patterson, mine superintendent
of the Mazapil Copper Company
at Conception del Oro, State of
Zacatecas, Mexico, was killed by
bandits at his camp yesterday.
Patterson was a British subject.
No details were given.
J
Boat From U.S.S. Cheyenne
Attacked Without Prov
ocation. SITUATION IS SERIOUS
Protest Sent to Both Mu
nicipal and Federal
Authorities.
CLEMENCEAU TO
FACE NEW TEST
Food Minister's Resignation
Fails to End Crisis for
French Cabinet.
DANIELS ASKS FOR FACTS
Fart of Pacific Fleet CouM
Be Diverted Unless Act
Is Disavowed.
KLOTZ IS NEXT TARGET
Workingmen, Feeling Partly
Vindicated, Call Off To
morrow's Strike.
Sayg He Can Leave Any Time.
"Truly, the public must be very credulous about me. If
that keeps up I'll begin to think that really I am a wonder
ful man, something I have never taken myself to be."
The former Crown Prince declared that the word "flee"
could hardly apply "because I am at liberty to leave Holland
at any time I ch"se to do so. Why then should I flee?"
That statement was corroborated by Burgomaster Peerkboom, Who
has immediate charge of the former Kaiser's son. He said: "The
former Crown Prince can leave at any time be desires. All he has to
do is to notify me of that Intention." This was confirmed also at The
Hague, where a high official declared:
"Both the Kaiser and his son are at liberty to leave Holland when
over they desire. They arc not prisoners nor are we holding them for
the Allies, but while they are in Holland they must remain in the
places assigned to them.';
The former Crown Prince is less worried about his extradition than
when I saw him last. In fact I gained the impression that he would not
hesitate to give himself up under certain conditions if ho could convince
himself that he would get a sousre deal, of which he is doubtful.
With regard to his father the Prince reflects the views heard also j pointment of a new Food Minister.
in high official circles in Holland that it is bitterly unfair, not to mention
doing violence to the most fundamental principles of law and Justice, to
place any man on trial before a court which has power only to convict, not
to acquit.
By a Staff Correepondent of The ScK.
Copyright, 1911; all righto reeerxed.
Paris, July 19. The Cabinet of Pre
mier Clemenceau will face a test of
Its existence oiext week following the
defeat of a vote of confidence In the
Government yesterday in the Chamber
of Deputies. This vote Involved only
Victor Boret, the Food Minister, who
Immediately resigned, but the enemies
of Clemenceau predict that during the
week they will reverse Louis Klotz,
the Minister of FLnance, and that with
him the entire Cabinet will fall. The
crisis is expected on Tuesday when
the Government will ask the Chamber
of Daputlaa for a vote of confidence.
Premier Clemenceau announced to
day that Joseph J. Noulans, former
Pffgtch Ambassador to Russia
noted French financier, had been
named Food Minister, succeeding M.
Boret. M. Noulens, In announcing his
acceptance of the portfolio, said that
he would strive to reduce the present
high cost of living, the centre of the
present storm against the Cabinet.
The appointment Is not pleasing to
j the Clemenceau opposition, but the
Clemenceau Journals praise the choice.
Neutral papers, however, express
grave doubts whether tho Cabinet
crisis is to weather through the ap-
House Carried Away by
Flood Waters Near Wheeling.
Continued on Eighth Pag.
WjrsauNO. W. Vs., July 19. Between
nine and thirteen persons are reported
to have been drowned to-night when a
residence was swept away by the water
during a heavy rain storm at Wegee
Creek, on the Ohio side, ten miles south
of here.
The home of Steve Moxle, according to
reports, was washed from Its founda
tion and demolished against a bridge.
Rescue parties have been unable to
reach the scene, as the roads are Im
passable. Three bodies, recovered from the
wrecked houae, were taken to Bellalre.
Ohio, at 10 o'clock to-night. Later a
report was received here to the effect
that ten additional bodies had been
recovered. Most of the dead are children.
FIELD MAMHAL HAIO ILL
Voted Britisher Forced to Leave
Victory Parade,
By th Altorioted Press
Lostddon, July U. Field Marshal
Sir Douglas Halg was taken III and
had to be removed to his home In
Kingston In a motor car after the Vic
tory parade to-day.
Many had noticed that Field Marshal
Halg looked 111 while riding at the head
of his men.
Trrlns to Sidetrack Objectors.
The administrative legislation thought
to be essential to the carrying out of
the Involved and complicated provisions
of the treaty Is soon to be Introduced
by Senator Hitchcock (Neb.). A play
by the Administration Senators to try
to call the Republicans off frm their
determination to change the treaty and
persuade them to put their ideas of
amendments Into this administrative
legislation Is certain to be made.
Falling In this the Administration
cohorts will seek to have the covenant
ratified with Interpretative reservations
statements In the resolution of ratifi
cation interpreting the Senate's under
standing of what certain terms meant.
Such reservations, though, are unlikely,
aa critics of the covenant regard them
as too shadowy and vague to mean
much of anything. The Senate critics
of the treaty do not desire merely to
expreas misgivings ; they Intend to
change the meaning of certain parts of
the treaty.
One of the last three courses of ac
tion Is far mora probable, the chances
favoring the plan for reservation!!
which would essentially change the
treaty so far as the United States is
concerned. Whether this oan be ac
complished now lies largely In the hands
of the President. If he will consent to
this plan, It will be unnecessary to make
actual amendments In the treaty Itself.
Incluiing tne league covenant, or re
ject the whole thing.
The whole complexion of the league
fight has changed day by day since the
President's return. Beginning wltb the
,1
Doesn't Fear "Fair" Trial.
The view Is expressed in some of the highest Dutch circles that the
tribunal of the Allies would be a wholly political Instrument aud that
even If the evidence established that the former Kaiser and the former
Crown Prince were not guilty of the charges they could not be declared
not guilty for political reasons, because "that would knock out completely
the entire foundation upon which the peace treaty Is built and Justified."
The former Crown Prince expressed the snme views. He 6ald: "I
have nothing to fear in a fair, upright tribunal, btft no man wants to
go up against a court made up of his accusers, who already have pre
judged him guilty, regardless of any evidence that mny be produced, or
could be produced If permitted, and who for political reasons regarded
as weightier than the rights or the fate of an individual cannot acquit.
In this case such a court has not even jurisdiction in recognized law."
In no official, commercial, public or private circles at The Hague, or
in the newspaper offices. Is anything beard but the firmest determination
that Holland must not yield to the demand for the surrender of the
former Kaiser and his son. In several quarters I was told of numerous
Utters with indirect intimations received from high persons In England
expressing the hope that Holland would refuse the demand of the Allies.
On the other hand, the Queen of Holland and the Government are
much embarrassed by a deluge of letters, telegrams and petitions pouring
In from Germany pleading against giving up ths former Kaiser. They
come from individuals, from officers' associations, veteran unions, church
synods and from every conceivable association and organization. One
of these petitions bears 2.000,000 signatures.
Believe in Fairness of United State.
It is one of the most singular phenomena in Germany that although
the Germans realize it was the United States which gave Germany her
death blow in tlie war, and although President Wilsor. generally is accused
of "betraying Germany" In the peace negotiations, Germans, high and low,
continue to have an almcst childlike faltb In the fairness and squareness of
the American people.
This to exemplified by numerous expressions made to me. such as that
"Germany would not hesitate a moment to stand for a trial before the
Fuprenie Court of the I nlted States on charges preferred by the Allies, but
i-he will not submit to a trial before an allied political tribunal." The
former Crown Prince Is no exception to thl general attitude; he has con
fidence In the t'nlted States, although be Is well aware that Jn no country
has be been more lampooned. He had nothing harsh to say of President
Wilson, merely: "I am disappointed In President Wllaon, but I believe he
meant well. He simply did r.ot know the game over here."
The former Crown Prince has discontinued writing his memoirs for
the reason, so he said, that the necessary documentary data were not avail
able, but he has taken up other literary work, and is writing a small book
of sketches, which probably will bear the title "Interesting Personalities
I Have Met"
He asked me to criticise one of the chapters, which he ordered Major
von Kummer to read to me. remarking, "I don't like to read ray own
things." It war. a chapter on King Edward VII. as he kuew him, con-
FRENCH STRIKE OFF;
FOOD OFFICER QUITS
Continued o Second Pago,
Continued on Second I'agu.
Chamber Votes Against Vic
tor Boret's Policy.
Paris, July 19. Tt was announced to
day by the executive committee of the
General Federation of Dabor that it
had been decided to rescind the call
for Monday's general strike. The an
nouncement followed a meeting of the
committee, which lasted until after mid
night. The announcement said :
In view of the vote In the Chamber
of Deputies yesterday, which showed
that the Chamber at length has heard
the voice of the working classes and
has condemned the Government's
economic policies and measures in
regard to demobilisation, the general
strike for Monday will not be called.
Amnesty has been decided upon by
Tlie Government under the threat of
the projected movement.
The national committee of the federa
tion will meet here on Monday lo recon
sider the whole situation.
Condemnation of the Government's
economic, policy In the Chamber last
night was by a vote of 211 to 13.
Victor Boret, the Food Minister, de
clared In the lobby after the session
that he would resign, but he did not con
sider the action of the Chamber as af
fecting any but his department, because
the entire policy of the ilovernment was
not Involved in the debate.
The vote was taken after a rather
confused debate. In which Interpellations
were made by different groups. It was
held that the Increasing cost of living
was due largely to the. errors In the
Government policy, lack of firmness In
dealing with food profiteers, high cus
toms duties, insufficient effort to stimu
late production and Inefficient distribu
tion. Minister Boret. in replying to the In
terpellations, said that the lower cost of
living In other allied countries waa due
tn part to the fact that none had suf
fered so much as France in the reduc
tion of producing capacity. Frsnce, lie
said, had lost 1,500,000 workers dead
and several hundred thousand Incapaci
tated. He declared the situation was
further complicated by "a. wave of latt
ness which Is momentarily sweeping over
the country."
The explanations made by M. Boret
failed to satisfy ths Government's critics.
M. Augagneur then Introduced the reso
lution the vote on whlcii resulted In the
Government's defeat by fourteen ballots.
His resolution read:
The Chamber of Deputies, remark
ing that the cost of living has dimin
ished by one-half in Belgium since
January. 1919, and that it has dimin
ished by 25 per cent, in England since
the armistice and that it has not
erased to Increase in France since the
same dates, judges the economic pol
icy of the Government by Its results
and passes this order f the day.
Special Detpafh to Tsi Bex.
Washinoton, July 19. An unpro
voked assault on American bluejacket
nnd an alTront to the Stars and Stripe
by bandits under Carranzlsta control
r.ear Tasjiplco has caused a grave turn
In tho Mexican muddle. Both tho
State and Navy departments hava
been officially notified of the Incident,
In response to Inquiry acting Secre
tary of State Phillips made public the
following statement:
"The Department of State ha
just been advised that on July
a boat from the U. S. S. Cheyenne,
and occupied by enlisted men of
that vessel who were on a Ashing
trip was held up on the Tames!
River, near Tamplco. by armed
men. The sailors wero robbed of
personal effecte.
"Urgent representations hav
been made by tho Department of
State to. both the local Mexican
authorities at Tamplco and to tho
Federal Government at Mexico city
and the authorities there hav
promised to investigate at once."
Secretary of the Navy Daniels haa re
ceived a despatch from Commander Earl
Peck Finney, commanding the TJ. S. 8.
Topeka. stating that bandits held up a
motor sailing launch from the U. 8., S.
Cheyenne with a fishing party aboard
about ntne rrrlles from Tamplco and
he men. A ring, a watch and a
pair or shoes were reported by the en
listed men as among the articles taken
by force.
Daniels Asks Facts.
Mr. Daniels believes the motor launch
in accordance with naval regulation,
undoubtedly flew the American Dag,
since It was on offl lal duty.
Secretaiy Daniels rent the following
message to Commander Finney:
Wire fuller report and result of
Investigation of robbery of motor
sailing launch of U. S. S. Cheyenna.
Have parties been Identified or ap
prehended ?
At the State Department the Incident
was described as the most grave which
hAs recently occurred, ro far as affect
ing the relations between the United
States and Mexico are concerned. It
was an affront to American sailors 1 a
navy launch near Tamplco which caused
the trouble between the two Govern
ments In 1914 and culminated In the fa.
mous Vera Crus expedition and the de
mand for a salute to tne flag which Mex
ico has never yet acceded to.
There are phases of this present In
cident which 1 'resident Carranxa will
And difficult tn explain, according to
officials here. In the first place attack
has occurred at a place where there
have never been am l-Carranilsta ban.
dlts during the last few years and tho
circumstances apparently preclude any
excuse that they were Vllllnas or others
not under Carransa's control. No men
It) this area are permitted to carry
arms unless they are known to be loyal
to Carranaa. This fact doubtless pre
cluded the possibilities of defence which
the American sailors would have had
against the Mexicans had the Ameri
cans been armed.
The presumption in naval circles la
that there were fifteen or twenty Ameri
can Jackles In the launch when they
found themselves objects of attacks by
the Mexlcana Whether the Mexlcana
tired at the flsg or at the party is not
disclosed, but the official reports state
specifically that the Mexicans war
armed
Old Vessel There.
Commander Shoenfeldt. 1". S. N., la
In command of the Cheyenne, which is
an old monitor, formerly the Wyo
ming. The navy has a few other vessels
In these waters which arc more or less
of an unserviceable type uut would be
well able to give protection to Ameri
cans In case of emergency. No mention
Is made of measures taken by the rank
ing American naval officer. Commander
Finney, to obtain redress for the Amer
ican sailors robhed or to force apology
for the affront to the flag and pre
sumably word from Washington will be
awaited by the American naval authori
ties. Tn case It should be necessary to ex
ert pressure upon Carranxa to give
prompt redress, the Pacific fleet Is nowl
on Its way to the Panama Canal and
It wauld be a comparatively simple mat
ter for Admiral Hodman t.. despatch a,
few vessels to call at Mexican porta,
"here are also some !.nno American'
troops on the border capable of taking
care of any show of antl-American feel
Ing that might develop there.
The impression Is that Carrania will
not force the I nlted States to resort
to more thsn the usuhI diplomatic meth
ods In settling this affair, hut the char
acter of the incident may call for appre
hension of the men responsible and
their prompt punishment in addition to
suitable apologies and expressions of
regret on the part of the Mexican offi
cials. There waa soma oomment. herewxA's

xml | txt