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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, July 20, 1919, Image 10

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10 4-M-
8UNDAT, JULY 20, M19.
The Associated Frees la exclusively en
titled Is the um for republication of all
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tha local nawa published herein.
All rights of rapublloatloa of spacleJ
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All checks, monay ordara. fto.. te ba
made payable to Ihi Son.
Published dally. Including Sunday, by tha
Sun Printing and Publishing Association.
lCONaaaau at.. Borough of Manhattan. I, x,
President. Frank A. Munesy. IBS Nsssauet.;
Vice-President, Ervln Wardman; Secretsry,
R. H. Tltherington: Traaa.. Wm. T. Dawart,
II of ISO Nuaau atraat.
Unfln offlca, 4-4l Flaat atraat.
Parla offlca. 8 Rue do la Mlchodlere, aff
Rue du Quatre Saptambra.
Washington offlca. Munsey Building.
Brooklvn offlca. Room 202. Eagla Bulld
lnf. 80S Waehlngton atraat.
7 our friendi who favor st ifttA rnanv
ocriple and illuetrationt for publication with
to ot rejected article returned then must
tn alt taeei tend alamo for thai pursoae.
Mr. Burleson Nalllflcs the Airplane
Postsl Berries.
The Postmaster-General s announce
ment that the rate on airplane mall Is
reduced to two cents an ounce and
tlrat the air malls are to be on the
same looting with all other malls,
however transported. Is one of the
punles of the silly season.
The public has looked to the air
plane mall service as a new method
of special delivery. A person in New
York, for Instance, could get a con
tract, a check or a proposal of mar
riage to a person in Chicago In Jig
time; and for the extra speed Im
parted to his Important letter he was
willing to pay well.
Now, as we understand Mr. Burle
son's statement, no such advantage
will be offered at any price. You put
the ordinary postage, and perhaps a
special delivery stamp, on your let
ter and mail it ; and then it will go by
railroad unless you mall It too late
for the regular train. In which case
the aviator will rake it and either
catch up with the train or carry It
through to the address.
Suppose the express companies an
nounced that they would send all
packages by freight except when the
sender brought the stuff too late for
the freight train. Tbey would be no
more ridiculous than Mr. Burleson
makes the air mall service, a novelty
which promised to develop Into some
thing useful.
How about the man who doesn't
want his letter to go by airplane?
He may have something precious, in
trinsically or otherwise, which he does
not csre to expose to the hazard of
the sky. It may be a photograph, or
n lock of hair, or a discharge from
the army; and be wants it to go by
rollrnad mall. How Is he to avoid
the possibility of it being put Into the i
air mall bag?
It Is announced that "persons may
go to post office stations where air
plane sacVs ore made up and request
that their letters be put In these
sacks." This Is futile. When a per
son chooses the air mall for his mis
sive he wants to feel sure that U will
go by sir mall, and he Is willing to
pay ten, twenty or even fifty cents an
ounce for the emergency service. He
wants speed.
The obvious present use of the air
plane In the postal service Is for spe-
rial delivery at a price commensurate
with the cost of servtce.
of racing yachts nvlng produced to
reestablish, the sport, ''since the high
eust of building yschts and the high
wages asked by crews make this ab
solutely necessary. Then "It can be
gin to consider the wider schemes for
the renewal of International yacht
Most American yachtsmen will
agree on this encouraging of economy
In types of boats, but In regard to
the International yacht racing In
which we are chiefly concerned, the
next America's Cup series, it lies be
tween Sir Thomas Luton and the
New York Yacht Club Just when the
races shall be resumed. The Field
urges American yachtsmen to join
with the British In establishing one
rule, but we gather the Impression
that it Is ths International Rule
which Is the one the Field thinks
should be adopted by the American
yachtsmen rather than that the Eu
ropean yachtsmen should adopt our
Universal Bute. Ever since the Amer
ica won the hundred guineas cup
which has since borne her name
American yachtsmen have been mak
ing concessions to British yachtsmen.
Whether our, rules have produced
the "best" type of yacht or not one
thing Is crtaln : They have produced
winning yachts ; which Is what rsdng
yachts are designed for. It Is not to
be forgotten thst in the era which
produced the America the builders
of the United States were turning out
the clipper ships that were the de
spair of all the maritime nations of
the world. And the country thst can
produce the fastest, .yachts afloat Is
not likely to fall far In the rear when
it comes to creating the finest types
of naval or maritime craft-
contradict htm? Better an aphorism
regarding the virtue of shrimps than
a false conclusion relative to the
nebular hypothesis.
an Illusion. It 1s true, but who could ' were needed It could be found In the
collections of the well planned and
very practical museum he has been
developing In Newark. "By far the
greater part of the iniiny exhibits we
lime set up In these tn years have
been distinctly artistic In the old mu
seum meaning of the word," he re
marks with excusable pride.
His real purpose Is to warn New
ark Industries of coming competition
snd the need to prepare to meet it.
There Is a widespread and deep con-
Ulctlon In England that its industrial
output must be notably improved In
design snd quality If it Is to compete
successfully In the world's markets.
That Is the reason back of the newly
founded Institute of Industrial Art,
which Is the kind of museum Mr.
Dana' wants Newark to have. He
believes such an Institution offers the
best means of securing better designs
and better workmanship. The lesson
he Is teaching Newark should be
heeded by every other Industrial
International Yacht Kselng.
With the Larchmont races this
week post-war yachting In Atlantic
roast waters Is resumed. The East
ern Yacht Club's annual cruise, which
started from Marblebead on July 5,
brought out more boats than were ex
pected, although the big sloops were
conspicuous by their absence and only
a few large schooners were In the
fleet. It Is not expected that either
of these two last named classes of
yachts will do any racing? this season,
chiefly for reasons connected with the
great expense of running them, and
yachtsmen will have to depend on the
smaller classes for all the sport the
season will bring. And this Is for the
best Interest of the sport, since it Is
in the last analysis the smaller types
of yachts and one design boats which
produce the very best type of yachts
men-and sea lovers, without which no
country can ever hope to be a truly
great maritime nation.
Coincident with this opening of the
yachting season comes the news from
London that Charles E. Nicholson,
designer of the Shamrock IV., Is com
ing to New York at an early date to
''make a thorough examination of Sir
Thomas LirroN's fourth America's
Cup challenger, which has been laid
up In South Brooklyn since the an
tumn of 1914; so that yachtsmen In
the United States can now look for
ward to the very excellent prospects
of another aeries of races for the
run next season. Ths London Field
in a recent editorial article on the
resumption of yachting tn British
waters makes the customary plea for
closer union of American and Euro
pean yachtsmen. The Germans are
barred. The Field believes It Is the
duty of the Yacht Racing Union "to
Insist upon the most economical kind
Successful Business Men With Pe
culiar Avocations.
If there Is any useful lesson In the
cross-examination of Henry Ford It
is the revelation of the manner In
which a man who Is great in his vo
cation is likely to flounder when be
tries to swim In an unfamiliar avo
cation, particularly when his devo
tion to his regular business is so
great as to keep him from the pur
suit of general Intelligence.
Mr. Fobd's ailment Is not uncom
mon among very successful business
men. It is not so much vanity as It
is assumption. The victim of the dis
ease comes to believe that, having ac-;
complished great things In one prac
tical line of life, he Is qualified to give
an opinion on almost any subject, to
teach other men to do almost any
thing, and to reform the world In
some particular manner not at all re
lated to his own experience. If he
fails. If he makes himself ridiculous.
If he wastes his own money and other
people's time he sighs that be was
right but that the world in general
was not bright enough to take odvan
tnge of the opportunity he offered.
A great soap manufacturer who has
not been In school for forty years de
cides that he would make a wonderful
education commissioner. A lawyer
with a big practice spends his spare
hours advocating a new plan for the
conservation of forests. A clergyman
who has never worked for wages or
hired a hand comes to the conclusion
that he, and he only, knows the solu
tion of the problems of lubor. . A
banker, after his first summer on his
new farm, evolves a completely new
set of theories In agriculture. A phj-r
siclan takes up economics as a side
line and discovers the law of supply
and demand, but does not realize that
It has existed since one cave man with
two stone hatchets traded with an
other man who had two dogs.
Most of these excursions from vo
cation to avocation arc harmless hob
bies. It Is only when the ndventnrer
plunges Into a field where his diver
sion Is a serious matter to other peo
ple that he comes to grief. Mr. Ford
manifestly did not know the differ
ence between the terms "militarism
and "army organization," yet he pre
sumed to lecture the American peo
ple on the absurdity of preparedness.
In his own line of business he knows
perhaps as much as any man about
shop methods and Intensive produc
tion. In the line of general Intelli
gence be could, not say who Benedict
Arnold was, but he made no bones
about telling America what It ought
to do In the crisis of war.
It Is only occasionally that the
great business man with a hobby lets
the hobby run out and bite other
people. If an Illiterate fertilizer
manufacturer bought n million dollar
library he probably would not publicly
declare that Shakespeare wrote
"Vanity Fair" or that Harold Bell
Wright ought to put "Paradise Lost"
Into readable English, yet such a dis
play of Ignorance would be no worse
than some of Mr. Ford's published
thoughts on national defence. Mr.
Ford's misfortune was that he was
the victim of n group of persons who
found In the Ford name and wealth
a means of circulating misinforma
tion among the gullible.
Your wise man does not have to
know everything, but at least he must
know what he doesn't know. He does
not need even to have what Is com
monly known as general Intelligence,
although having It is handy In a
world where not every one cares to
discourse entirely on the weather.
And general intelligence Is not a by
product of business success. It has
to be pursued either from pure Joy of
the chase or from a desire to know.
for the sake of knowing, what has
gone on and Is going on In a complex
world full of Incidents.
Once there was a man at a public
dinner. He was a stranger to the rest
of the company and he looked so wise
that the others surveyed him with
awe. He maintained a complete and
admired silence until the flsh course,
when he uttered a single contribution
to the wisdom of the feast : "Shrimps
Is the good eats!" He had destroyed
Higher Pares or No Service.
Public Service Commissioner Nix
on's decision thst the surface street
railways shall charge two cents for
nil first transfers except at a rela
tively few points Is not the soundest
solution of this grave problem In our
local transit predicament It will not
be a long solution. But apparently It
was the best he could do as a life and
death makeshift
Ths many local roads could no
longer be kept together unless they
were made to earn enough to pay rent
as well as wages. The court would
have taken away the little leased
roads from the bigger systems. It
gave warning that It would do this.
Then tha passenger would have had
to pay Ave cents every time he stepped
from one Independent road to another.
The choice, as the Public Service
Commissioner faced It, therefore, was
a two cent transfer, paid once on top
of the original five cent fare, or that
ten cent or fifteen cent charge or
perhaps more.
This transfer charge of course is
something like going back from up
to date methods to old stage coach
dsys, but the alternative of paying
five cents at every chaDge would have
been like going back to old oxcart
days. The Ideal municipal rapid tran
sit is undoubtedly for the passenger
to pay his fare once and then com
plete his Journey without needing to
fish up new pennies as he hops off on
the way and hunts around for lines or
ears to carry him the rest of his Jour
ney. This one fare plan will have to
be the ultimate and the permanent
solution. Perhaps a single seven cent
fare will do the work of saving the
local transportation system which Is
essential to the public. Perhaps It will
take more. But sooner or later the
regular fare for everybody, transfer
or no trawsfer, will have to Je ad
Justed not merely to serve the public
but to save Its local roads the big
gest service which can be performed
for the public In this emergency.
When the street railroads can't pay
their way can't poy their very oper
ating expenses, not to speak of divi
dends and interest it l useless for
Mayor Hylan or for anybody to
tnlk about keeping down the fares.
We'd all like the fares to bo kept
down if It were possible to keep them
down, Just as we'd all like the price
of food, the price of clothes, the price
of everything to be kept down. But
nobody has yet been able to keep costs
down, so prices can't be kept down.
When It Is n question of the local
roads getting more revenue or quit
ting quitting as one or two big sys
temsit Isn't honest politics. It Isn't
fair debate, It Isn't business sense for
anybody to declare that the fares
should uot go up. They have to go up
when It is a case of higher fares or
no service.
Mayor Hylan may think he Is going
all the woy to the Supreme Court
of the United States before he will
permit the transfer changes: but he
may cut his trip short at our own
Court of Appeals, with no transfer
beyond. He may never get as fur as
that. In any event Mayor Hylan
cannot stop higher fares from being
paid by the street car users, unless be
wants to tap the city treasury to
make up the difference, any more than
he can stop the low of gravity from
If He Stays, What Else Matters?
The rumor from The Hague of a
wholesale walkout by members of the
American diplomatic service will In
terest sociologists who may see In It
the prospective formation of Diplo
matists Union No. 1 platform:
shorter hours and more promotion.
In the White House, however, there
will be no perturbation. So lpng as
the, Hon. Edward M. House is willing
to keep his title of "Commissioner
Plenipotentiary" and exercise those
duties which are as mysterious as the
title Itself the Administration wilt
have a complete diplomatic corps In
the Colonel.
City Hall Park's Last War Activity.
With the tearing down of the frame
structure which has bestraddled the
Mail street sidewalk for several years
the last but one of City Hall Park's
war activities passes Into memory.
This house on stilts was thoroughly
typical of our adoption for the uses of
war of the things of peace ; for it was
originally built for use In connection
with the digging of the subway, next
became a recruiting office for the Rail
way Engineer regiment commanded
by Colonel William Barclay Par
sons, and Anally served as a canteen
for soldiers and sailors.
It Is natural that the passing of
this little building should recall other
signs of war activities lu City Hall
Park : the handsome decoration of the
City Hall Itself when Mayor Mitch el
greeted the visiting British and
French commissions, the graceful Lib
erty Bell of staff that covered our un
ornamental fountain, the horsiflc
brick obelisk built during the last
Liberty loan. But the finest Impres
sion of all created by the wrecking of
the last physical evidence of our war
experiences In City Hall Park except
the Knights of Columbus but near the
brownstone court house Is that it
means that the former soldiers and
sailors have put off their uniforms for
good and have settled down to the
one thing most needed of all In re
construction, the day's work.
A Majority Mar Bind, bat Tnss.le.ltw
Is Neeae4 to Change.
To ths Editor op Ths Son Air; Tha
ardent supporters of the" Leafua of Na
tions sdvlae those who agree with them
tn principle but oppose some of the
provisions of the covenant to accept It
In Its original form, aa adopted at the
plenary session of the interallied Peace
Conference April XI, 1919, and trust to
the adoption of amendments to the In
strument at some future date that will
remove their grounds for opposition.
This suggestion has caused many per
sona to give their support to the league
who without assurance of probable
amendment would not agree to He adop
tion at the present time.
The hope of -amendment thus held out
ll nothing leas than a delusion, as under
tha terma of the covenant it la practi
cally Impossible to amend the original
Article V., Section 1, reads as follows:
"Except where otherwise expressly
provided In this covenant or by the terms
of this treaty, decisions at any meeting
of the assembly or of the council shall
require tha agreement of all members
of tha league represented at the meet
ing." Article XXVI., Section 1, thus pro
vides for the amendment of the cove
nant :
"Amendments to this covenant will
take effect when ratified by the mem
bers of the league whose representatives
compose the council snd by a majority
of the members of the league whose rep
resentatives compose the assembly."
Thus It Is specifically stated that while
a majority vote of the members of the
league whose representatives compose
the assembly are authorised to bind that
body, It requires, because not otherwise
expressly provided for In the covenant,
the agreement of all members of the
league represented at the meeting of the
council before an amendment to the cov
enant can be adopted.
It is provided in Article IV.. Section 1,
of the covenant that the council ehall
consist of representatives of the United
States, the British Empire, France, Italy,
Japan and four other members of the
league, who are to be chosen by the
assembly from time to time. Thus It
appears that any amendment to the cov
enant must receive the affirmative vote
of the representatives of these nine na
tions before It can become effective.
History teaches us that It Is Almost
Impossible to secure unanimous legisla
tive action on any great measure ;
therefore it must appear that all hope
of amending the covenant of the League
of Nations must be relinquished after
It has beVn adopted by the nations con
cerned. Edwin O. Lawsencr.
Athol, Mass., July 19.
A Fear Gold Striper Who Finds It
Hard ,U M a Job
To thb Editor or Ths Sun -S4r: A
returned soldier reads your editorial arti
cles exhorting the cltlsens of these
United States -'to gi to work- with ap
proval not unmixed with somewhat cyni
cal amusement
I have four gold stripes snd four
bronse stars, but they are not edible.
I was discharged from the army July
8, ills, with an "excellent" character
and the grade of sergeant, first class,
after twenty-Pve months aervlce. I am a
registered pharmacist with eighteen
years experience.
Last Tuesday, I was hired and fired
two hours afterward by an old time
American to make room for a gentleman
of Oriental blood who had been careful
not to risk his life in France, on the
ground that he was In touch with the
trade and knew the store, having worked
there before. To-day I could hav had
work except for the fact that "I had been
so long In the army."
I married in France and my wifa waits
there to Join roe here after I am settle.
It begins to look as though I am "set
tled" now,. Edwin W. Thomas.
Naw York. July 1.
Did Chins really Invent the League
of Nations along with gunpowder,
printing and other things not known
to Western civilization until much
later? A doubt on the subject has
arisen. The learned nr. Koo, Chinese
Minister at Washington and Plenipo
tentiary at the Peaco Conference,
states the case for China thus:
"It is Contucius who first taught
us that, we must not be merely con
tent with the orderly government of
a single Individual nation, but that
besides we must seek for the estab
lishment of what he termed Tatung
lem,' which means literally 'great
communism.' figuratively "utoplan
tsm' and praetlcally 'a league of
nations.' "
To-dny, twenty-four centuries after
CoNrucirs's announcement of his In
vention, China finds herself confronted
with something answering the de
scription of Tatunglsm and also with
the evil Tatunglsm was expected to
deal with In the words of Contt;
cirs, with "alliances formed among
the more jiowerful nations to barter
about the peoples and territories of
the loss nnwerfiil ns if thev were mere I this one place left open for them to go
Ana soon tney are as iuivi
Does Inability to Danes Really Lead
to Bolshevism!
To ths Editor or Tub Sun Sir: I
read the letter of the "Canteen Pianist"
and waa very much interested. I did
not read the editorial article on "Girls
or Trlgonomotry," which the letter com
mented -upon, u- I was at bc.i when it
was published, but, nevertheless, I can
get the general idea of It by reading
her letter.
She writes, "Why Is It that these boj-s
continue to ro where dancing Is the chief
attraction when they know they can
no dance?" I ask you and her also,
Where can they go?
There is no other place for theni to go,
except one.
There Is nothing to do except to read
and think. Books, euch as novels and
atories, soon become tiresome, and the
boys- tastes turn to polities', social con
ditions and economics. These subjects
Interest them because they are In touch
with them tn everyday life. Radical
literature Is everywhere at hand, and
the boys begin to think about these
They can get one side of the question
In all the newspapers, but the other
side, where can they get that? Why.
at the radical lectures which are going
on in every part of the city every night,
and they, not being able to amuse tncm
selves at dances and not being able to
forget their troubles at a saloon, go to
Museums and Industries.
That pioneer of new Ideas John
Cotton Dana of the Newark Public
Library has been turning his atten
tion to museums of the established
order. The tendency to think of art
and museums lu terras of painting in
oil on canvas with gilt frames or of
objects which are old, rare and costly
is quite as unfortunate as It Is uni
versal, he avers, and he refers to
"this conventionalized museum con
cept made up chiefly of paint, an
tiquity and price."
What he would have in place of
such a museum In a purely Industrial
city. In Newark, for Instance, is an
institution of sen-ice as well as of
research and acquisition, a museum
giving definite values to Its promoters
and upholders, the taxpayers, by be
ing helpful to Industry and education,
not "one moro of those useless, weari
some, dead-alive Gazing Collections of
which the whole community would
soon tire."
Therefore he takes comfort In the
fact that the British Institute of In
dustrial Art has been established In
England to rsise the standard of de- j
sign and workmanship of works of
Industrial art; he Is glad to note that
the Metropolitan Museum of Art holds
exhibits of purely commercial prod
ucts, that the museums of Cleveland,
Buffalo and other American cities are
engaging - In activities which ere
helpful to Industry.
It Is to be suspected, however, that
Mr. Dana does not mean . thing
be says about the older museums to
be taken literally. If evidence of this
chattels and pawns in a game." To
be specific, Chipese representatives tn
Europe ssy of the treaty Japan forced
China to agree to In 1910 :
"It la this treaty which has mads
Japan raauter of all the important
economic resources of Shantung,
Manchuria and other provinces If
this treaty standi, Japan controls ths
whole area of northern China, mili
tarily and economically. If this con
trol continues the world will see In
the near future the absorption by
Japan of the Republic of China and
the closing of the door of China, aa
the door of Corea has already been
cloaed. to the free enterprise of other
nations. If this control continues the
world will see the militarisation of
400,000,000 peace loving people and
the exploitation by Japan of the lim
itless resources of the eastern corner
of Aala for the purpose which the
Romans achieved on a small seals
and Nafolbon and William II. pur
sued In vain."
China annealed In Paris to what It
supposed was Tatunglsm to annul the
treaty. Every one knows the answer.
Under the circumstances should It be
inferred that when CoNrucirs Imag
ined he was founding Tatunglsm he
was actually inventing the steam
roller? Like misadventures have
come to other Inventors.
In geometry a straight line la the
shortest distance between two points,
but on the New York surface railways
a straight line will be the cheapest dis
tance between two points.
Some peopls are Irreverent enough
to suspect that 8t. Swtshin was In
league with ths umbrella manufacturers
With the air mall at two cents who
can refrain from studiously trying to
mall a letter late enough to miss the
train and catch the plane T
Positive Facts.
From Ike ftocku Mountain nerald.
We never declared war to establish a
League of Nations
No American enlisted In the army or
navy or waa drafted Into the service for
any such purpose.
A League of Nations to Insure peace,
when founded on a war treaty, cannot
most radical. And then the nation won
ders why the Bolahevlat element la grow
lng so faat
Every man In the service craves the
companionship of the opposite aex.
Therefore the men go to the dance hall
to satisfy that craving ; but as they can
not dance and many of them will never
be able to learn, they cannot get ac
quainted. They then do not go any more.
but start In reading, thinking and go
ing to Bolshevist lectures. At these lec
tures they meet the opposite sex, ana
though those they meet may not as a
whole have the physical attraction or
those that frequent dances, they have
a mental attraction that far outstrips
the physical attraction of the others.
When the ship goes to sea again these
men who have attended the lectures gen
erally have "the deck." and their ahlp-
mates alt around listening to their argu
ments and their logic, and so the seed
of discontent la planted in their minds,
and it gradually grows, aided by the un
democratic methods uaed by the officers
In all branches or military' service.
It Is felt by at least "5 per cent of
the men In the service that a change
Is necessary In American life politically.
socially and economically.
I do not agree with you that our
mathematical friend" was to blame, and
neither do I believe that girls were to
blame. I do believe, though, that the
political, social and economic conditions
as existing In the United States to-day
are to blame and that a change Is nece
aary, and though not having any sub
stitute for the present, any change will
be for the better, as conditions cannot
be any worse aa far aa human happi
ness is concerned.
A Might Bb BOLBirsnsT.
nosoKBN, N. J.. July II.
Tbs Cautions Delicatessen Man.
To thb Editor or Thb Scv Sir: The
other day I went into a dehcateaaen
store to buy some bread. In the sane
days, now more than a fortnight past,
they were allowed to sell liquor there. I
etked f6r eome bread. The man wanted to
know wha kind. "I want eome rye," T
said. "Rye bread?" he questioned, with
the accent on- "bread." It aeems he
feared I was an agent for auntie's saloon
league or something of that sort
Nbw York July If. T. P.
Getting 'Em to Choreb la
From tha Sholbiua .Vrva.
Tha Shelblna Mathodlat Church used aa a
meane to aaaure good attendance tha
fallowing notice In Ita chtfreh notlcaa re
cently: "Tha pastor will aak tha Apoatla
Paul aoma quaatlona aa to his opinion or
Shelblna people. Bear Paul a atartllng
An Official Explanation of Legmla'f
Seizure of Power.
To thb Editor or Ths Bun Sir.- I
have been Inatructed by the MinlateT
of Foreign affairs in Peru to place be
fore the public of the United States the
following facts in relation to the re
cent change of Government which has
taken place In Peru:
Auguato B. Legula received an over
whelming majority of the electoral vote
in Peru In the elections which took place
In May of this year. Notwithstanding
this it became known that It was the
intention of the Government of Dr. Pardo
to avoid complying with the populaJ
will. Congress, controlled by the friends
of the Government, waa to nullify the
elections and a third person or com
promise candidate waa to have been
elected, who consequently would not have
had a popular majority.
In carrying out this plan the former
Government began to cloee printing
ofncea where publications supporting
Leguia wore published, placing therein
military guards, which were withdrawn
by the present Government, notwith
standing that Judges, the Superior Court
and later the Supreme Court ordered
the -Minister of Justice and other au
thorities to return these properties to
their owners.
Af the same time persons in public
life and those Identified with politics,
as well aa workingmen, all supportere
of Legula, were Imprisoned. These acta
of force were clearly dictatorial and
were carried out in spite of public pro
In view of this, and as these' repres
sive measures Increased day by day, the
supporters of Legula. backed by public
opinion, decided as a last measure to
act In order that the popular vote be
not made sport of. On the morning of
July President Pardo was taken from
the palace and placed In a separate de
partment In the penitentiary, where he
was treated with every consideration.
The public forces respected the popular
will and Joined the movement, which
took place without bloodshed.
There was no interruption In the so
cial and business life of the city. The
holiday proclaimed In honor of the
United States was held an planned. En
thusiastic meetings took place In the
provinces in favor of the new Govern
ment as Soon aa the news reached them,
and the authorities and eoldlera every
where Joined the movement without
The Supreme Court and other institu
tions have already recognized the new
Government. President Legula has re
ceived from all parts thousands of let
ters, cablegrams and telegrams of con
gratulation. There has been no change
whatever In the normal life of the coun
try. EtotJARDO Hiooinson,
Consul -General in the United States
Ksw York. July 19.
The Lane" of Tears.
Went back "home" last week to see
If things wars ths same as they used
to be.
Got sort o" tired of city life
Noise and crowding and ceaseless strife
Yearned to look at the old. gray town
Out at Its elbows and running down.
Thought It would seem good 'cross ths
Found Instead 'twas a land of tears I
Gaps in the ranks of the boys I knew,
Glrla mostly widows; only a few
Seemed to have lived and made their
way ;
Kabody nigh who cared to play.
Weren't even glad to have me come
There Just In time to remind of some
Grief and cars that had grown between
Them and me since Time waa green.
Black the color, mixed with blue
Where I had looked for a rosy hue ;
My mind teemed with memories bright,
They saw only ths darkest night.
Past full of gloom, no future at all.
Just setting 'round to await tha call
From the Angel of Death who'd paused
next door,
Sighing and sighing of "Nerermore."
Came straight back to ths crowd and
The seething city and its joys.
Where llfs staye young despite Its years.
Leaving forever the Land of Tears !
Don C Ssrrs.
It Bas a Synthetic Dnpllrate With
I n romantic Name.
To thb Editor or The Sun Sir: Mr.
Carman's communication about the pur
ple of Tyre In Thb Bin of July 17 is
Interesting but not strictly accurate.
Sachs, not related to your correspondent,
prepared in 1903 and 1904 a dye, tech
nicall" known as "6:6 dlbrom-tndlgo,"
which waa proved In 1909 by Rried
lander to be Identical with the purple
of the ancients, the Tyrlan purple ob
tained from a mollusc (Murex bran
da i
Mr. Carman is quite correct In stat
ing that the murex yielded only a drop
of a colorless liquid which turned pur
ple on exposure to the atmosphere. The
aynthetlo Tyrlan purple and all almllar
dyes are converted to colorless com
pounds before application to the flbre,
and exposure to the air then develops
the color by oxidation.
This color la not manufactured to any
extent to-day because It Is easy to ob
tain clearer and more brilliant shades
at leas cost or even the same shade by
means of other dyes at much smaller
cost. The glory of antiquity, the royal
purple of Tyre, would be considered a
rather poor purple, not to be compared
at all with our beat modem products
for beauty or brilliancy of shade. The
ancient dye was extremely fast. Just as
the modern synthetic product is.
Albert Parsons Sachs
Nbw Tors, July 19.
Sentiments of an .American of Long
To thb Editor or Thb Scn Str: It
aeems to me we never bad a President
who did so much harm and yet it may
be Mr. Wilson's luck to go down In
hlrtory aa a great man ; we pray not,
we Implore the powers that be that the
man's real character may be known to
this generation before long, sa well as
to those who come after us.
If Mr. Wilson and the others who
shout his sentiments had a little more
true Americanism and had been in and
of our great country longer they
would be alive to its needa Many peo
ple here have been In this land too
short a time, and their fathers before
them, tn be thoroughly and genuinely
Interested in the welfare of thla nation.
What do they care? It's all right here
they earn their living here, but othar
foreign countrlra are Just as good. Their
fathers and grandfathers lived there;
they thought so. But w whose great-great-grandfathtra
fougtit at Bunker
Hill and fought In the pine wilderness
of Massachusetts for a footing In a
new country In the seventeenth cen
tury realize what the preservation of
our country of the atar atrewn banner
really means. Jokjt Km'bjdqb.
Harttord, Conn., July fjjfA
BTIdaaaamer at Stoke Pegta.
Upon a memorable midsummer morn
I wandered through tha meadowa eut
from Slough;
Net yet tha Selda et ripened gold were
No omen of the autumn touched the
By ancient etlte and long uasd paatura gate
The bypath lad ma. pilgrim to desire.
Till through the trees. In solitary atala,
Beckoned tba graceful finger of a spire.
And than I aaw my geal the- Ivied walls.
The eacred eloaa where vasts hla crum
bled clay.
The Immemorial yew tree that recalls.
As though with breathing llpa, the name
Of Gray. ,
Ne need ef graven monument for him.
Though, wrought In marble, ona looks
o'er the land ;
Till the last loving human aye grow dim
For canotapb his "Elegy" shall stand.
Thla waa the place he trod tha record
That moved bis muse to worda revered
by man.
Within the church tha verger at the bells
With ardor through their silvery gamut
Then came the reader ef tha book dtvlna
To All with feeling voice the arcbea old.
Where through ona gleam of radiant noon
day ahlne
Sifted the motes ef lta ethereal gold.
If anywhere on earth, then aurely bare
The enul may hold communion with tha
That rules the orbit af the greatest sphere.
And ahapea the pitals of the emelleat
flower I
And aurely nowhere 'neath the bland blue
A apet move hallowed may the wanderer
Than where without, beeldo the grave of
The slender harebelle waver tn the wind!
Clinton "m
The Sun Calendar
Standard Time.
un riset M0 A at Bun aeta i:M P V
Ateon rleea U:M A M
For eastern New York. New Jerssjr
snd southern New England Cloudy
with probably showers to-day: to-mor
row probably rain; not much change la
temperature ; gentle variable winds.
l"or Northern New England Partly
eloudy to-day, probably followed by
enowera to-night and to-morrow; not muck
change In temperature; gentle variable
For Weatern New York Partly cloudy,
with probably local ahowera to-day and
to-morrow; not much change In tempera
ture; gentle eaat and northeast wlnda.
WASHINGTON. July !. High preaaum
pereleta off the Atlantic coaat and off tha
north Pacific coaet and relatively low prea
eure prevails generally In the Interior dis
tricts of the United States and aouthern
Canada. Praetlcally no change In the
existing distribution of atmoepherlo prea
"r" "aa taken place In the paat forty
eight houra. Moreover the weather con
tinued prartleally the same ae during rii
Jay, with general ahowera throughout the
Atlantic and (lulf Statee, Tennessee and
the Ohio Valley and local ahowera and
thunder etorma in the aouth plateau and
south Rocky Mountain regions. Heavy
local ralna alao fell In Minnesota and the
east portions of the Dskotas. The tem
peiature hue rlaen aumewhac over the
northweat mates, but readings remain near
the normal In all parts of the country.
The outlook for Sunday and Monday la for
a ronlnuatlon of unsettled. ehowery
weather, without material change In tem
perature In tha Atlantic and east Gulf
Satea, Tenneaeee and the Ohio Valley, and
generally fair weather In the regions of
the Ureat J.akee.
A Greeting From the Fast.
As I walked through the awelterlng hot
streeta and lanea of Kingston, Ja
maica, I was dlesppolnted In meeting no reeponse
to my glancea eearchlng the new
faces for affection.
Now and then across the biasing white
road ewung a wide winged shadow,
and looking up startled I would aee
a bussard stealthily ecoutlng over
head, hla pirate black plumage eet
tlng off hie scarlet head tn ghastly
The wind swept pitiless swirls of duet
against my sweat atalned face, but I
found no solace of love In the eyes
I passed to mitigate the trials I
Such Inner coldneaa seemed a strange con
trast to the outward torrldlty.
Than lunt for a moment the spell waa
broken by the last mlnlatrant of
consolation to whom I should have
A Itttle Chinese boy hurrying along the
sidewalk smiles up st ma with no
other reason than ths one great
human tie of fellowship.
I. Vie Oriental, ynu - m more than
all the faces I should have thought
more akin to met
And in jour welcome you linked us for an
Instant more closely than community
of speech and of hemisphere.
"Zsymaes," -"Island of Fountalna," la
your native name. Jamaica.
But to-day your springs ware aesled to my
thlret. until the little atranger from
the sun rising lot me alp from hta
clean gourd cup.
BhjoT Warm
The Hepatic Quest.
From Lone t eland Li fa.
So ssy me yea or nay
If. that day In the world of faraway,
Thy early woodland quest ware truly blest
With frail hepettca's pale and lilac creet--Wooed
and won by the warm woodwind,
Within Its lowly, lone sequestered nest;
Or sleeping etUl, close keeping to Ita breast
The marvel of Its reaurre-tlon. rest,
Anew our faith te test His heheet.
Mast HiKpau Stoddixb.
The Shadow e Apeak.
From the AtUmla Conetitution.
A new made world heard tha Shadows
A thousand-thousand years away.
With desert places In dim review
(The dust of stars we never knew) i
"Tou're a wonderful world
In your wild, wide sweep.
And you startle the atara
In the spaces deer
TVj we dreamed alf that
Ere we went to Bleep!
"You have ahaken Time's Shsdowe wide
With a thunder of heavens aa the heights
you take.
And ynu hold to tha halghta In tha blase
o' the .lights.
And you order the days, bind and loosen
the t.-.ghts
-Tou're a wonderful world!
l.tVe tha Light Is your leap
To the galea where tha kaye
Of all wonders they keep;
But we dreamed all that
Ere we went to oleep
"We climbed as you climb In the yeara
without date
Slnee the First Man waved farewell to
Eden'a lost gats:
And we said tn tha atarllght that ktaaed
dust and clover.
That Ood Himself envied the earth we'd
made overl
HTwas a wonderful world'
Back to rest we shall creep.
Fer we dwelt with old wonders.
Now Time hidden deep:
We were weary of wnndera,
And God gae ua aleep!"
FS4NK I Sri -rroj.
Tbs Magle Name.
I beard the wind go erylng through the
And making little anundg trke any child;
The yellow leaves would hardly let me pass
Cntll I teld them why I walked end
And when I apoka your name to them, the
Broke Into laughter as a child who
And ease a bu'ferfly. while far behind
The yellow leaves wers rlspplng tiny
Hell sit g GoxiiiK.
Observatlona at United States Wrsther
Bureau atatlons taken at S P. M. yesterday,
aevenly-llftb meridian time:
1VmnritilM T) . . ; ...
Stations. HizhXow. ometcr lire" Weather.
Albany If
Atlantic City. V
oHiiimare it
Charleston. ..
Clereland. . . .
Ie nver
Kansas City.
Los Angeles.
Now tl,).,n.
Oklahoma City. 8
r iiiiaueipnia. .. S3
Pittsburg so
Portland. Me... 74
Portland. Ore... t
Salt Lke City. M
San Antonio.. .. 94
sn FTaixtiuo.. 2
ban Diego 72
St. Louis 92
Washington t
30.01 1.04
aLH ,M
C 93
M 9t
19. PO
T9 At
r 90
29. M
29 9.'
19. SO
29 U
S9.00 1
Pt. Cldy
l'i r.idv
W Ram
.. Rum
.. Clenr
.. Pt Cldy
.. Clear
! Rain
Barometer 's'iV'
Humidity ;;;; ',9
Wind direction ...!!!!! p
Wind yelocity .... if
ry"'h'r Ram
Precipitation 2s
r M.
It 01
Tha temperature in this city yesterday.
IhowSTVh by ,h oracU1 thermoraete?. la
shown In the anneied table:
8 A. M
9 A. M .
10 A. M.
11 M
11 M. . .
1 P. M
0 1 P. M
71 2 P. M
7J t P. M
78 4 P. M
' I P. M
ion. I9ii.
.71 74
71 7
73 7
t p. sr
1 P. M
P. M
10 P. M
1919. Itlt
P. M....73 7t
9 P M 70 73
12 Mid TO in
Highest temperature. St, st 1 10 P
Lowest temperature. 69. at II 01 A
Average temperature, 75.
at1"" f,'n,lr' Co!umbla University, Rev.
Ambrose W, Vernon, D, u. t.y M
e- SSf.i "erv,C8 Columbia University. Rev.
C. Uallu.-e Petty, 7:15 P. M
Address, "Bolshevism." pv Gcorce N
Cage, West Side V. M. C. A.. 4 P M
untHi- Vcrk Community Chorus, Walt
Park, lUi reni,"nary "'b'"n. Central
5fS- In Central Park, all day.
,. c"atlve Individuality. How to Cultivate
ii a L by UlUTy Hote Aster,
i o','!'0f- w,,"m P- Montague of Columbia
inlvertlty will speak on "The Philosophy
or Radicalism." Ascension Forum Fifth
avfn.je and Tenth Mrcet, S:li p M
Exhibition of wr posters Issued bv the
various Governments engaged In the world
nd Illustrate.! hooks of the paat four
lenturlea. New York Public Library. Forty -second
street and Fifth avenue.
Revival meeting, addresa bj J. C Ste
vens. "(Jrest Time Coming; the UlllSaV
Blum Soon to Begin; When and How."
iyn i nd vJarfleld place, Brook-
h Tr?" Pwr of Continuity," sermon by
the Rev. Dr. Robert H'atson. Second Pros
byterian Church. Ninety-sixth streot and
Central Park XV est, 11 A. M
Photographic oil prints, arranged and
ahown by the Pk-iorlal Photographera of
America, Washington Irving Houss. 193
Lsst Seventeenth street.
"The World s .Veit (Jrent Crisis." sermon
?,,, Dr W' Evan" of L AngelesT
cel. . Tabernacle. Forty-fourth street and
fc-tghth avenue, 7:30 P. M.
Prof. T. R. Glover of Cambridge UnjTse
nil Wll ,pe"k en "Th Proa-resa of Re
Ufi?u"Thou,:ht Prom Homer to Chrlet."
Bible Teachera Training School, ell Lea
lngton avenue. 1:10 r. M.
Collection of chromo lithographs of old
masters, published by Arundel Soetsty,
only complete set on exhibition In the
Parkwa Stte BreekJyn Museum. S as tare
"H. U. Wella'e 'The Undying Fire,' ad
dress by the Bev. J. Hsynee Holmes, Ooaa
munlty Church. Tjjlrty-fourth street and
Park avenue, 11 A. M.
"New York of To day." Illustrated by
eeventy colored slides, by the Rev Ray
mond a. Brown, Calvary Episcopal Churoh.
Fourth avenue and Twenty. Bret atreeLf
Exhibition of ornaments as ahown In
drawings adapted to other uaes. Illustrat
ing the vslue of the old book print designs,
ssttropelltaa Museum of Art, 1 a. MT to
Organ recital by George W. Andrews.
Angels Farewell" from the "Dream of
nerontlui" Church of the Inoamatten.
TJilrty-flftb atraat and Madison avenue,
Special loan exhibition af taptatrlaa, sM
laoes and other treaeuree from private
homea, never before exhibited. Metropoli
tan Museum of Art, all day to g P. M
Aasoclated Bible Students, address bv
w-. Holllster, "The Narrow Wu to
Life." Carnegie Hall. 3 P. M.
"la There a Personal Devil 7". addreese I i
a eourae on "The Origin of 81n." by C B
Haynas, Chxutauqua Tent, Nlnety-oflh
street and Broadway, gP- M.
Memorial service for soldiers and aallore.
New Tork War Camp Community Serrlee
and Harlem Peace League, I p. m
Dan her In Presidential Varbtt
Parly on Potomac
special ii, ,,. a to Tag Sum.
Washington. Julv to. tv.. r, . .
, w , , ' " '- ' it-e-ment.
and Mrs. Wilson accompanied by Mlaa
-.largarei Alison, nr. Alton and John
Randolph Boiling are cruising on the
Potomac aboard the President's yacht
the Mayflower. The party left Vsah
lngton to-day and will return
The Vice-President and Mrs Marshall
accompanied by their house guest Mra
WllllaVi Line Elder of lndlanipoHg
motored to Hraddock Heights Md to'
day. returning to their apartment at
Wardman Park Hotel In time for din
!hr' v?r",JSU!17' "h h"" vl"'n
Ihe Mce-iTeeldent and Mrs. Murshar
for a week or ten days, will leave to'
morrow for Kennebunkport, Ale for tha
remainder of the summer.
The Secretary of the Navy and
Jose r.l us Daniels Imv .
Mr Daniels, mother of the fiecretarv
me re iring Lnlted state. Ambas-
. . ."-.j. jiiuniae iseiaon Pare, le
ru ksb ena at Beaver a.nv,
Monday" " """on on
Belgrlaae Invites Mane. Poin,,.,
Ptms. July 19.- The King and Queen
of the Belgian, have Invited Mm., rota"
r" aasjompay l-realdenl 1'olncar, 0p
follows the precedent of Mrs.
aocompain Inr President wu.
Mme. 1 enaoa accompanying the Prssl-
I . . f I' uell

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