Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 23, 1919.
Maryland, adJolnlnK the District of Columbia, reported that a large crowd of Mgruoi had gathered In Hyatt llle, Juki acrofui the District line, and re moving toward Washington. Thn District authorltlPK began an Inves ligation and,nt the stria' time des patched troopa and. motorcyrle police to tka District Una. Major Pullman denied that negro troops had been brought here to quell the rioters The report, he said, prob ably was started by the presence of negro troops at the Union station, who were passing through to ramps In the South. Secretary of "War Baker and Chief Of Buff March called on Major Pull man to-nlgflt to Inform him. of the De partment's plans fir ending the rlota, and later vlatted some of tho'army le taflg throughout the city lna motor car. Wllm'.olli Baker. President Wilson gave his attention to the race war situation to-dsy. foBoW- Ina rh rintlne last nlsht. literally all mom under the White House shadow. Uhr negTo confessed to the murder the present regulations seam Inadequate to cope with the situation It seems to ma time to provide martial law." MURDER BY NEGRO STIRS RACE FEELING Darby, Philadelphia Suburb, Enraged by Slaying. Special Despatch to Tss 8c. Phiuubt.pia. July II. Race reeling smoldered In Darby last night following the brutal murder of William E. Taylor. 6 years old, a leading cltlsen of the little town for yesrs, by Samuel Her man, a seventeen-year -old negro, who had been employed In Taylor's grain and feed store. ' Taylor was Hound with his skull crushed at 8 .40 otclc.ek thla morning toy another employee. (Beverly Berkley. He had been struck in , the head a few mln utea earlier with a heavy singletree. Ijeas than a half hour after Taylor had been struck down (lorman was arrested He was turned over to Coroner Drewes of Delaware oountr.'who announced that He received a report from the District ef ' oliimbla Commlsatonra fh the situ t;on. anf summoned Secretary of War Bbkcr for a confereneW. Though the DlBtrlct Commissioners In their report to the President recom mended asjitnst the proclamation of martial law. the ottjr was completely under military and pollue rule. Streets srare closed and cleared' In every secttoh where trouble threatened, and all traffic was stopped. The only difference is the fact that the civil courts are trylim all cases. Heuvy . sentences ,were imposed upon participants In last nlghfs riots who were caught, end the police and mili tary seized hundreds of wwapons of every conceivable description, from 18 caMbre "gats" to S2 calibre toys and down to the old fashioned slungshot. President Wilson was keenly Interest ed In the local situation and was Instru ments In the great incrcacetof military force. A delegation of local ansrro mfn laters sought an audience with yhlm but Were satisfied with aseurfincas from Secretary Tumulty that their rucei would be fully protected and that the armed forces would guard negroes fromV vio lence as closely as they wouldthe Vhites. . j Appeal Issued ta Public. The municipal authorities are confi dant that they have the situation well In hand, and have issued an appeal to ettlsens to stay indoors. This was not at all necessary In the case of the older residents, but young men nd boys of both races were out In force. The appeal read i "With the police arrangements to be made to-night If the authorities can have the cooperation and assist ance of law abiding clt liens the situa tion will be kept In hand. "At no time last night was the city at the mercy of the mob. The vlo isnce which occurred was sporadic In rharacter. and most of the shootings and other outrages took place where small crowds or no crowds at all were gathered. The large crowds and What might properly be termed mobs were dispersed by the police and provost guard without great difficulty and with but few Injuries. "The provost guard continues to assist the pohce authorities and will continue to do so with augmented forces. Plans are being made for in creased patrols Sufficient reserves will be maintained to bo thrown wherever they may be needed. It may be necessary to close some streets to vehicular traffic The civil authorities are in complete charge of the situation and. the military will ontlnue to assist them." The police reported that a number of posters signed by negro ministers urging members of their race to stay within tholr homes and to preserve order, had appeared about the city. ('agrees May Act. The riots were the subject of several bills In Congress to-day. Representatives Valle (CoL) and Emerson (Ohio) Introduced hills au thorising the President to proclaim martial law In the District. Represent ative Hill N. T.J offered a bill to con trol by license the sale and possession Of firearms and other dangerous weap on. Senator Harrison (Miss.) sub mitted av law for Jim Crow mrs in the District ss his solution of the trouble ; The bill of Mr. Hill makes it Illegal Jto possess, have or carry any firearm Or other dangerous weapon In the Dis trict without a permit ' The permit Is issued only to person" of good charac ter who have never been convicted of crime, on the affidavits of two other persons. A bond of $500 is required for the issuance of the permit and the person must promise to "keep the peace axcept that said weupon may be used jit hi home in the case of necessary belf-defenpe of person or property." I The bill also allows the search of any auspicious persons or property for dan gerous weapons, and five days after the approval of the act provided that persons aiarrylng weapons permits "hall be fined rt more than IfiOO and Imprisoned for slot more than one year. Weapons con fiscated shall be destroyed. ; Permits are not required for officers and jothers sworn In to enforce the law, but jUl dealers In firearms are required to lace a bond of $500 with the police de partment that they wjll not sell dan .gerous weapons except on permits. They lelso must keep Strict account vof all fweapons sold, and one-half of trie fine fore to the person supplying information .that brings about conviction ' The only mention of the rioting on the .'floor of the House was by the chaplain, 'the Rev Harry N Couden, who prayed that "order may be speedily restored in the nation's capital." Representative Valle, after falling to obtain the floor to speak on the situa tion, made the following statement: "Congress controls the capital of the United sttste and certainly ought to be able to prevent disorder. Major Pull ienan. Chief of Police, lu.s confessed his inability to meet the situation and haa called for the aid or f ederal troop The President Is commander in chief of the army, and aluo controls the Chief of .Police and the District Commissioners In this district. "At the request of the Iresldent Con gress drafted 4,000.000 men to make the world safe for democracy If order can not be maintained in the capital we are in mighty poor shape to police the world. "I have Introduced a resolution calling for the establishment of martial law. and it seems to me, In view of all the circum stances brought to our notice so forcibly last night within two or three squares from the Capitol Building, that martial law should prevail, and these scenes of violence, casualty ind death ended with out delay. "The police officers are bOave and the military forces have done well, but since The Rev. Danlal A. Winkle, pastor of the Mount Zlon . Methodist Bplscopal church, of whlchiTaylor was an active re. 'mile- summed up the spirit of the town .over' the murder when he said: There' are plenty of man In this town who would Vanish this negro qulokly enough with a rope If they could get their hands on (him." Feeling ran so high that as soon as Coroner Drawee arrived In Darby to take care olivine case he asked Chief Clark' to assign his entire police feme to guard the Jail in the town hall. The Inquest was held to-night Under heavy guard of police, and deputies ths negro was questioned ' for several hours. Drewes announced later that he ex ported to take the prisoner to the county Jail at Media some time during the night. but declined to say when the trip would be made, fearing that the excited men In tlw streets wuuld attempt to halt the automobiles. , Who.' d.b-3 lhqucst was under way one, ci owd' ofVmorc than a hundred men and boys gathered In front of the iqulre's office. There was no disorder. Other crowds all talking In low voices gath ered at various points. Whether they were placed by design all refused to say, but it was noted that every road of departure from the town was cov- J i n d by la section of the crowd. MAY! SUSPEND RECEPTIONS. Heven InJsirteB at Riot That Wel comes TJearro Troop Home. N'onroLK, Vs.. July 22. Welcome home receptions for negro troops may be suspended hre as a result of the race clash last night In "Which two ne- groOs ware seriously Injured and three others and two policemen slightly In jured. Peeling between the races continues high and steps to prevent a new out break are being considered to-day Ma rines and sailors wero called out to aid the police last night Trouble Cease In Norfolk. cionroLg, v July 11 Norfolk was quiet and orderly to-night following the clashae of Monday night between the police and negroes incident to the home coming celebration for the negro troops. City and police officials after a confer ence decided that It was upnecensary to take the drastic steps suggested earlier In the day of requiring the suspension of the celebration. A double force of policemen are on duty to-night In the negro district. RICHARD GALLED TRAITOR IN COURT Widow of JacqnoHt Tel Ik Betrayal of Husband at Lille. of f TBAPPKD BY TREACHERY You Caused Four Innocent People to Be 8hot." Says Victim's Daughter. RED RULE NEARING END AS KUN FALLS Bolshevism Will Vanish From Hungary Soon, Is Indication. B, a Staff Corrttpondent of Tnt Scs. Copyright. IsH I all rights rrvr. -i Pari. July 2i. The overthrow of Bela Kun, the leader of the Hungar ian Soviet Government, and his flight to Vienna, news of which reached here only yesterday, Is regarded hero as an indication that Bolshevism is nearlng the end of Its run and that a stable Government soon will appear there. The downfall of Kun began appar ently when he called off his offensive, which had amused the old nationalis tic spirit in Hungary and brought the eld generals into the army. Conse quently it is not yet oertaln whether any new Government can exist unless It uasumt'K an offensive against the Rumanians and Czechs. The satisfaction expressed here is based merely on the fact that the change denotes the beginning of the transition period. Hi the Associated t I'res. Virnna. July 12 (delayed i Oen. FVanchet d'Esperey, commander uf the allied forces in the Near Bast, announce! that he is preparing an advance upon Budapest, the Hungarian capital, with lBO.oOtt troops. The army Is made up of French Colonials,' Rumanian. Jugo slav. Italians and Hungi. rlaui. The Hungarians are commanded by Oen. KrotoobwilL Ujndon, July 22 - Bela Kun, deposed head of the Hungarian Soviet Ooveni ment. Is quoted In an Interview by the Router cor respondent at Budapest under data of July It as saying that lie was convinced a world revolution wan in evitable, but In the meantime Hungary was willing to make peace with what be termed the capitalistic nations. "Theni has been much, talk about an Entente ultimatum to Hungary, but none has been received, and I doubt If It ever will be. If It doeji come, however, the Soviet Government Is prepared to adopt a courageous policy. "The Hungarian Government will never admit that the fJnirnte has a right o interfere In Hungary's Internal or domestic affairs Hie new Government has nothing to do with Hapsburga." A Socialist Government was Impos sible in Hungary, acoordlng to Bsla Kun, and that was real lied the Socialist leaders By O. g. ADAM. Special Cable Dsspatch to Hi Bus from the Lands, Times Service. Copyright, 1)11 . all rights reserved. Paris. July It. The trial of the trai tor Hie-hard, who was Instrumental In causing the arrest and execution of M. Jacquest at Lille during the German oc cupation, has begun. M. Huchard, an auxiliary army doctor, gave evidence be fore the court martial yesterday that he was one of a party of French soldiers treated by Richard's treachery at the Hotel Alosen, Antwerp, In July. 1915. There was a moving scene In court when Mme. Jacquest entered dressed In deep mourning. "The first time I saw Richard." she said, "was when he was Introduced by a friend to solicit help from our com mittee, 'to hulp the ullled soldier In biding to escape through the German lines.' The second time was on the day my husband was arrested. Standing be hind the curtain of my window I saw him pacing the street In front of our house. A moment afterward German Detectives 8chmltt and Meyer entered and searched our house. A few days later 1 was called by Schmltt, who said to me, 'Richard Is the van who be trayed Jacquest,' and he showed rae a dossier on the margin of whloh wns written 'Louis Richard. Ijtnce Corporal of Rennes.' "The third time 1 saw Richard was on the day of my husband's condemna tion. He was standing beside Detective Meyer and was on excellent terms -with him. The fourth time I saw Richard wns when, after the execution of my husband, i Schmltt had me call to hand various papers to me Richard was standing nenr at a table. It was In the Hotel Royal Schmltt pointed him out to me with the words. That's the man who gave M Jacquest away.' I asked Schmltt: What will be done with this man after the war." Schmltt replied 'If It only depended on me I would hand him over at once, but for the moment he has been ueful to us.' Then amid a deep silence Mme Jacquest stretched out her arms and cried: "Richard Is a coward! You cow ard, you've caused the father of five children to be shot. Confess your cow ardice." Then, after turning toward the Court of Justice she swung around. In a final burst of Indignation on Richard, and said: "You wretch, my poor hus band did his duty, but you have not done yours." One of Mme. Jacqucst's daughtl rs also gave evidence and she too before she left the (Miurt hurled her maledictions at the prisoner with the words: "You caused four innocent people to he shot. When will your turn come?" It may be added that Richard waa accused of many other similar acts of treachery. For only one period of the occupation there are In the Dossier eighty-five letters of denunciation written by him. CLEMENCEAU WINS VOTE OF CONFIDENCE Continued from Ftrtr faye Food Minister, in reply, outlined the Government's economic policy. He told of measures taken to Increase the sup ply of wheat and sugar and asserted the Government could not be taxed with leak of foresight In conclusion herald be would oppose food speculators Im placably and would prosecute all of fenders, j, M. Clomentel. Minister of Commerce, emphasized the necessity of maintaining control at wheat 'and sugar throughout the world and announced that the allied Governments had decided to organise conferences, In which neutral nallons slould take part, to reach conclusions on the critical economic situation throughout the world and to submit these findings to all Government. It was announced to-day the Gov- ... nr.nsr.ri an umr:tv 1,111 and was prepared to Introduce it st ' once The question of amnesty, grown j more at ute since the treaty of peace was 1 signer!. Is another'of the Issues on which ; the 'Joveriiment has been criticised The ilovernment bill Is of general nature i itnd excludes persons convicted of crimes or offence under the common I la m and crime of treason, OOCnmunlca- tlon with the enemy, espionage, trading Willi Hi" enemy, unlawful price raising, I epeculOtlon, conspiracy of an inarrhls- ttc nature ind the Instigating of sol- dlers to disobedience or desertion It li estlniat-d by Homme Lhri for- WILSON POWERLESS UNTIL RATIFICATION Continued from First Pane. American delegates. Secretary twan ging, Gen. Bliss and Henry White, made against the Shantung settlement. Likewise, there was a resolution of inquiry by Senator La Follette ( Wis i for information as to Why Costa Rica although one of the Allies against (Jor mnny was excluded from the peace conference and from the privilege of signing the treaty. No reason wns apparent to the committee why the request for the protest against the Shantung settle ment should be forwarded promptly. because It In obviously at the 'disposal of the State Dcpertment and can hardly be regarded as anything but a concern of the American delegation. Senator Lodge Insists that the Ben- ate Is now obviously entitled to every thing bearing on the treaty because the treaty has passed out of the pur view of the executive branch of tho treaty making power and Into the hands of the Senate branch of that authority. Therefore, the Senate la Just aa much entitled to this informa tion now as It la to the treaty Itself. Affront Without Precedent. Mr. Lodge pointed out that during a Senatorial experience covering all Ad ministrations, beginning with that of President Cleveland, there hud never been a time when the Senate's re quests frr Information wero treated In the cavalier fashion thny are now. In deed, throughout the history of tho country It ha been the practice of the Executive Department to srlve prompt and unquestioning information to the Senate except In rare cases In which the Executive took the ground that the communication w.r.jM not be In the public Interest. Republicans of the committee were particularly Incensed at the President for sending for Individual Senators to hold private conversations in ths effort to Influence them, while withholding from the Senate the documentary facts to which It Is ontltled and which It need If It Is to act Intelligently on the treaty Mr Hltchoock assured the committee that there Is not In existence anything In the nature of a detailed report of the proceedings of the Peace Conference, and therefore It cannot be fnrwnrded. To this Senator Lodge replied tartly that he knew a stenographic report was made of the sessions of the "Big Four," although he understood there were other sessions In private of which no report was made. He insisted also that the commission which drafted the League of Nations. covenant Vent a regular journal of all Its proceedings He knew that a dally protocol was prepared and after ward Initialled by members of the Su preme Council At times, according to Mr. Lodges Information, the report of proceedings of the "Big Four" was edited and modi fied by members of that group before It was accepted, so that the record might be left In the shape tiny were willing to have It exist as a permanent docu ment. In short there was a sharp diver gence of testimony as between Mr. Hitchcock and Mr Lodgef the latter Insisting that he was perfectly certain of his position. Nothing resulted from the day s dis cussion on this point, but It developed that the committee Is In no cheerful state of mind at the treatment. It Is re ceiving at the hands of the Executive. Heading of Treaty Continue. Meanwhile the oommlttee i continu ing with its task of reading the treaty, and Senutor Lodge has been assuring tho committee that he hop.-d to havo tho document reported In another week. On the other hand, some doubts are ex pressed whether It can be done inside of a fortnight. Whether any of the Infor mation asked for will be received from the President before the committee re ports the treaty Is beginning t be doubted. It Is admitted that If the great mass of Information that has been asked should finally bs forwunled any thing like a thorough examination of it would make a report within a week or even two weeks Impossible. Much curiosity is manifested as to England to reduce this German base With their own forces, unlaw Japan could be Induced to undertake ths operation. Japan was willing to do so on hsr own terms, snd these were agreed to. The President expressed the gyeate-et confldnc that ultimately Japan would carry out In all good faith Its promise to return Shantung to China, and his callers have been Impressed that on this point he has special Information which Justifies his confidence. During hi talk with Senator Calder there was a good deal of discussion of the Importance of ratifying the treaty. Including the league, on account of the delicate state of the publlo mind In Eu rope and ths conviction that the cove nant would be an Insurance against an other war. MY alder suggested a res ervation on one point, providing that the United States' obligations under Article X. should be limited to the guarantee of the sovereignty and territorial Integrity of the member nations only until the end of the year 1. with a promise that at that time the United States might. If it desired, extend this period. Mr. Cal der would not Indicate the President's reply, but he Is understood not to have been acquiescent. There was also much discussion of the great labor problems beforo the world and the consequent Importance of the la bor clauses In the covenant The Presi dent wss oonvlncod that labor every where looked to this country, which was formerly regarded as occupying a selfish attitude, but now as denlring to help other countries. He was convinced that unless such an Instrument as the league was created the peace could not be made permanent. Senator Edge spent an hour with the President and Inter said : "I have nothing to say further than that I was very glad to hear the Presi dent's viewpoint. He was very Interest ing and gave me Information I was glad to have. I still feel, however, that In any way the Senate can, from an Amer ican standpoint, clarify or strengthen the covenant or peace treaty, such action 1 not only our sworn duty, but In tho final analysis will bo In the Interest of all parties concerned. "Perhaps the Senate, through not hav ing participated In the Peace Conference, Is In a better position to make what we may believe necessary reservations thun was the President, who, of course, to an extent, had to give and take I believe such fair reservations would be propmt ly accepted by tho other nations. I don't want to sec the United States evade any responsibility, but, looking to the future. Amerloa should never be a minority stockholder In an International corpora tion "I bellOYS the covenant can be so clar ified as to further protect us and at the same time permit us to contribute our full share to the world In the days of peace, ns we certainly did under a simi lar policy In the days of war 1 do not favor Isolation or an extreme, selfish nationalism, and I favor a broad asso ciation of nations in the Interest o a better understanding and world peace, but I am representing America flrat." AMERICA HOLDS UP BULGARIAN TREATY Wilson Objected tro Taking Thrate From Her Despite Views of Allies. SENATE ACTION WAITED Paris Wants to Know if U. S. Will Sign Paet Giving Ter ritory to Oreec. CHINESE EXPRESS GRATITUDE TO U. S. Dr. Wu in Washington to Dis cuss Shantung. Wahimoton. July 22. Dr. Chao-Chu Wu, one of the Chinese delegates to the Peace Conference, arrived in Washington to-day to dlacusa the Hhantung settle ment with Senators and ottirlals Re Iterating that China planned to tubmit the Shantung question to the League of Nations Immediately upon Its formation Dr Wu paid tribute to the Chinese mission to the Peace Conference, declar ing tha the Chinese delegation deeply appreciated the work the mission had done In behalf of China "China," said Dr Wu. "will not sign the peace treaty because slit wants to be free to take whatever action ma) be necessary In ths future The League of Nations undoubtedly will offer the best avenue to approach the situation. '' Japan's promises In regard to Shan tung were described hy Dr. Wu as being "empty" of any real meaning. Have Full Control. "Japan promises to restore political rights but retain economic rights." he said "In China that means nothing lip a Staff rarreeptmdtat of Tax Bus Copyright. 11 all rtghit rcv'.r, e Paris,' July 22. The Bulgarian treaty Is engrossing attention In conference circles because of the developments In the last fsw days with the part played by America the chief factor to It. It developed to-day that the United States Is holding up the whole Bulgarian treaty through the position taken by the American experts that Thrace should not be taken from Bulgaria, although the Bulgarians aro'ln the minority there The chief argument advanced by the Americans la that Thraoo was given to Bulgaria to avert IJalkan troubles In the future, snd the same reason obtains now. France, (ireat Britain and Japan ad vocate giving Thrace to Greece as a punishment for Bulgaria. Premier Ven lselos. In addition to appealing to Henry White to-dsy. cabled to President v II son personally, askHig for the return of the American experts. Thus America, alreadj is Involved in the Balkan dis pute, with the Allies demanding that the matter be settled Immediately. Wilson' Attitude In Doubt. The Allies want America to sign the treaty. The question now Is: Will the President refuse to sign the treaty un less the Allies yield on Thrace 7 The Americans here are anxious also as to the attitude of the Senate on this whole Bulgarian question of, should America sign. They are swnltlng word from Washington Can and will the Senate ratify a peace treaty with a natloti with which America Is not at war. Is another question raised. The position of the American dele gation l.ere with reference to Turkey and Bulgaria, and other matters not directly involved in the peace with Germany and Austria, the only tan nations with which the United States was at war. I becoming more anoma lous dally Thu chief reason for this is the situa tion in the American Congress, which Europe Is watching closely. The latest developments In the contest In the Sen ate seem to throw more doubt on the problem of how far Congress will ap prove President Wilson's policy of par ticipation In the European and Asiatic maelstrom. This Is plainly embarrassing to Mr. White end Jn Task.ir H. Bliss, who constitute the American mis sion at the present time and who never have been In the confidence of the Presi denu Polk May Know Wilson View. All this may be changed with the ar ilval uf Under Ht'-:retary Polk, who .pre sumably knows the President's latest views, but meanwhile America's position here, with many problems pressing, is strange and is exi isjlng some surprise end criticism In certain European circles. One matter to emphasise this situation Is the question of BtllftTttrla Tne Bulgarian treaty is almost finished, and the Bulgarian envoys are due this week, but it now appears thai ths Pres Idenr cYM not leave any formal Instruc tions to the American delegates actually to sign the Bulgarian treaty, nlthounn in an interview with the Amerloan cor respondents, at which some msmbsrs of the (ommissiun wer' present, he stilted distinctly that the I'mte.l States would Ign the Bulgarian treaty on account of Article X. In the covenant of the League of Nations In the last few days the American whether the Allies have boon to leave this feeble, bankrupt state In the midst of central Europe with enemies on all sides. Fear now Is ex pressed that the Allies have gone too far and created a dangerous nltuatlon, with Austria likely to lie driven Into thn arms of Germany soon or late. Criticism of the Austrian troaty Is heard on all sldos. The fact Is that President Wilson originally favored annexation to Germany, as did other members of the commission, but there again Premier Clemenceau opposed his will, French sentiment being hos tile to any such aggrandisement of Germany and Hie President was com pelled to abandon his position. Tho French now udmlt that It was a Isxd Job. pregnant with dangers. How the American Senate will view the Austrian treaty when It comes up for ratification is causing omr specu lation here. It would not surprise many If it provoked great criticism. he Uanlols, which usually supports the Government's policy, calls the new state hydrocephalic unj asks doubtfully, "Politically und economi cally can It live? It lack a base, a point of solid support. Not finding any, ' the Austrians themselves will seek It at the hands of Germany. How can Austrlnn problems be regulated so long as Hungary, Its neighbor. Is in the throes of anarciiy.7 "This Is the weakness of tho peace conference. Having settled with Ger many. It trios to establish a new state of things In central and eastern Europe, but there the war still con tinue Until a normal Government Is established In Russia and In Hun gary It 1 useless to expect much from the treaties which are about to be signed." FOCH AND POIHCARE AT BELGIANS' FETE With Albert They Review A.l-i lied Troops' Victory Parade in Hrussels. COMMONS PASSES BOTH PARIS TREATIES Not a Chang Made and lri)h Pretest It Lost, 13 to Los now. July 22 At what was vte. tually an all night session of the House of Commons completed Its consideration of both the tlerman peaoe treaty sad the Anglo-French convention. The bill carrying approval of tho German treaty was considered In com mittee of the whole, exciting lengthy debate. In which Premier Lloyd George took hn active part. The bill was then placed beforo the House and passed Its third rsadlng. after a motion by John Devlin to reject It as a protest against the Premier's attitude toward Ireland had been defeated by 183 to 4. Then, at S-A. M . the .Anglo-French pact was tsken up and the bill ap plejvlng It was unanimously passed after a short but sharp debate. In which the argument that the treaty was not con sistent with the spirit of the Lesgue of Millions failed to And any substantial echo. The (lerman treaty passed through all Its stasv without amendment. In ending his speech on,the treaty Premier Lloyd George, while making no claim of perfection for It, expressed con fidence that any defects would be rem edied hy the League of Nations De spite Its Imperfections the Premier de clared the treaty would stand as "a lighthouse In the deep and a warning ft) nations lind rulers of nations against the perils which the German Empire shattered itself against." P0LI8H CABINET QUITS. Resignation Follow Rbufl t two nmuirri, By 1ht Associated Prtes. BMIL1N, July 22. The Polish Chine has resigned In consequence of the Diet voting want of confidence In tho Min istry of Labor and Public Works, ac cording to the Warsaw Oatette. The Cabinet will he reconstructed when Pre mier Padrrewskl returns to Warsaw he Look nt South Manchuria There tlielhaVe b en asked the direct question by Japanese have only econotnll rights, hut everybody knows the Japanese are in complete cjntrol economically, pottically and In. every other way "it is true tint the Japanese i-x-pressed th-.-ir willingness to give up a l-'ige part of the I fill square mile In whether tho American draft of a plan j Klao Chau. hut they made sure they tai tr.e lesgue is going to ne sunmttti rt 1 , . Tslng Tau with its docks ;ind The rest of the grothld to tne uonunmse. Menator tsxige has fortifications positive Information that at len.it two Klao Chatl was no us to them The copies of this document are in this coun- j isi ,(, a it bathing ben try aside from those officially held One 1 .-fj,,, la china's case In brief .1 ipan is unoersioou 10 nave ii.eti nronnni duck For news of ' Australasia and the Far East See Pages 12 and 13 BOLSHEVIKI TELL OF CAPTURING A CITY Ukrainian Reds Take Kon stantinograd, Claim. London, July 22. A wlrelesa despatch received from Moscow, dated Tuesday, says a Bolshevik wireless message re ceived there asserts that Ukrainian red troops have captured Konetantlnograd. forty miles southeast of Poltava, and that the Pole occupied Tarnapul Mon day In the regions of Pskov the Bolshevlkl are rapidly retiring under pressure. I in tne capture ot boiutianiinograd a I large quantity of military booty was taken by the 1'kratnlen reds, according to the despatch. merl edited hy ITemler Clement i that 12(1.01111 persons will come under the iimneety act. BRUSSELS TO HAVE EMBASSY. Nenate Committee Approve Presi dent Wilson's Reqaeat Washinoton, July 22. President Wilson's recommendation that the Amer ican Legation at Brussels, Belgium, be raised to the rank of an Embassy, was spprnved unanimously to-day by the Senate Foreign Halations Committee. In hi letter to Congress transmitting his recommendation, President Wilson said Ton will no doubt have noticed that France and Italy liave recently taken this action, and It Is suthorl tatlvcly announced that Kpain and Brazil will follow their example. It would he, it seems to me, a very proper thing at this time to show our deep Interest, at the conclusion of the war. In the little nation In wtilch so many of the causes of the war seemed to centre and whose t -iiisa indeed will always sm one of the most striking evidences of ths un scrupulous action ot Germany. At u recaption at the Hotel De Vllle felicltatlans were eachanged between President Polncare and Burgomaster Max, and similar exchanges took place at a gala dinner at the Palace between President Polncare and King Albert, with tributes to the sacrifices endured during the war and Stirling references to mu tual friendship and aid by an attache of the Peace, Commission. and at least one Senator has had the pilvilego of examining one of these two. It is stated that Artlch- X. was not in the original American draft. President Wilson returned to-dav, hold ing conferences with Kfpubllean Sena tor, interviewing Senators Cummins j (la. i, Edge (.v. J ) and (alder ( pi, VI. : Following their visit at the White House all spoke pleasantly of their eonferene . with tils President, observing that there j was nothing dogmatic or insistent In the 1 PresiddnCs attitude. .Mr. Cummins rc I called to the President that in the ctos ' Ing da.s of the last Congress he made t speech stating his view of the Leafus or Nations snd assured the President : that he had experienced no change of ' mind since. ' The president admitted that he re I called the essential parte of that ad ' dress. Mr. Cummin admitted thai on objection he had formerly entertained j had been removed by the amcndrr.ei t ' since made In the form of th. covenant whereby the United States Is no longer compelled to accept a mandate for a for eign country HI other objections have not been removed and be said he was opposed now ae formerly to the league without reservations. othi r n.tliolis whether they Intend s;n the b ilgarian treaty, Premier Ven Ixelos of Greece holding thjit If they did n't Intend to sign then they should not participate In the presentation of the treaty It Is understood that Mr White, uncertain what answer to make, allied to the President yesterday for Instructions Thus It would seem to be up to the President now to declare for mally his position Immediately Premier Veneselog algo cabled to Pres ident Wilson ssklng if the United States would slsn the treaty with Bulgaria. ' WlUon' Policy II ay lie banged. lins something to which she Is not en titled, and tile possession Is bound t' nruit in fUltlcultleo." T H. Hsu and M K hung other impression at .limes., deegate. to he Peace Confer- ,,,., crlllon, th. American head ence. who have been here several .lays. U(,,,r ,ha, th(, ,.roBl(lelU! attitude were'presented to acting Secretary Phil- h changed since he cam In lips , ,he Mat, Department to-day by (.omftr, wltn ,,, Btutlon In Con- Counsellor Kwat of the Chinese legation. an,, h m.,, ni , wlf,.r They already have had conference with I havt. tm, l:ntc4 states participate several Senators on th Bhantung ques-1 ln treatise involving lurop but not, Hon and will have other Interviews b ,,.,,. ,,klng. America, fore they leave Washington for 8an i Th(i n,pr,.,8loii Is strengthened fur. Francisco to take ship f.,r China. ther bv the fact that America's signature China's purpose, th delegates declared 1 10 n,..' Turkish ami HuUarian treaties In a statement, to-day. is to secure some mtt he-predlcatcd. as The Si n pointed modification of the flerman panes treaty ! ou, Inuy weeks ago, on the covenant, wiai will prevent tne retention or Mian- I which the Senate has not accepted at all yet If the President gbould give orders to the Americans here to slan thi BfttftaBLg, July 2- Never In its his tory has Brussels witnessed such Ire-r-end'His crowd as those which took part to-day In the celebration of the TVlgiun national festival. It wns the first day of the fete, a notable feature of which is the presence jf President Polncare of France, and flu Oecgpioflabrotlgfet forth such an outpour ing of people that the city's traffic was virtually paralyzed It seemed hs if the whole population was In the streets to witness the various features ' A striking featuro of the day' pro ceedings was the parsde of school chil dren, reviewed by the three children of Klnir Albert Prince Leopold, Prince Charles and Princess .Marie Juee. T Burgomaster likewise took part In the review of the children, who placed wreaths at the feet of maimed soldiers. In tribute to Belgium's living heroes, While ill the cenotaphs erctd In the park close to the Hoyal ' Palace1 thou sands of persons paid tribute to the heroic dead. ( Tho American troops who were at the head of the procession marched magnificently and were, the recipients of shower of flowers and thunders of Cnr The demonstration for the Americans continued throughout the two hours of march King Albert and QunB1labUl were participant In the ceremonial before the ccnot I lis They .walked from the palirv and laid wreaths before the empty tomb ns ifiolr tribute, as did President Poln care tater. Rgln fell Intermittently during the day. but this failed to chili the enthusi asm of the spectators or to mar the brilliance of the victory procession which marched through the principal thoroughfare. Allied trooop passe.! In review before King Albert and Marshal Foch Later they paraded past a stand wnere were assembled President Pom.arc, Mme. Polncare and members of the Belgian royal family. In spite of the rain the crowd cheered unceasingly and show ered tlv soldiers with flnwe-s. After t passage of the troops their flags w re massed hefo-e the reviewing stand rind dlppd. The spectators broke through the lines and gave the Kinit and ytieen and 'resident Polncare a great ovation. Ovations were given to the King and Queen of tie Belgians, President and Me Polncare and Marshal Foch At ths appearance of th- Belulan rerlmn1al t'n . c th,- Whole house arose and Cheered frantically. ' CHINA LONG before you were born, Ovington's was well established as a chinahouse where smart designs and reasonable prices went hand in hand. To-day it is known throughout America as the pre-eminent place to H Hiixr cm -jrt oifte Kllt ' Ovington's china is still equaled by few in variety and beauty and by. none in value. OVINGTON'S "The Gift Shop of 5th Ave." 314 Fifth Av.,near 32d St. ARE you in need of a "perfect fitting suit? Then come to us! We are specialists in "tit perfec tion," usingonly the finest grade of woolens - at a price which is extremely moderate. L'ndui ui(7 u i or . superb nt. anicwe Stssia at a price utthin VOW mentis. IS 97ZcrW Vculot H 129e B'wny. at Thirty-fourth fcj jp Oppostt Sou lung by Japan. Reservation Vol RmuiKh. A simple reservation by the ttnltd Slates won lil not suffice, they -aid. a that would bind only the I'nlted states, They said they desired the substitution oi the namo of China for that of Japan in ih, article of the peace treaty OSding Bulgarian treaty tills might conceivably be regarded as a presumptuous act and might hurt him In his contest with th Senate . It Is unquestionable that the Euro pean nations want the American to Man. because the deeiier the I lilted economic rights In Shantung, formerly 1 states becomes Involved In Europe and held by (lermany, nnd that If this could Asla now thnt she la regarded as the Itol be done the entire article should be . w,1rid's financial agent, the better they BtriokM out and the disposition of Kiao-, wj 0 pleased This Is obvious to any chau and German concussion In (hat inquirer Into diplomatic matters here. quarter left to the League of Nation. Referring to a report published in Paris that the Jananesa i lo , rnment. A fCTOf MAY OliV , .. . . . , i , . . , i, ,..,,,,, j . ..... nwui r . m V . , , . ,,.,.- w,.- .v.. ,,,,, ,.r iirrssui c iri.m t ne i.nienie. was Article X. May Menu lothlng. REPARATION CLAUSES UP. French Chamber Committee t Hear Cabinet Ministers. Pasts. July 21. The commissi 9h of the Chamber of Deputies engaged in ex amination of the 1 vac Treaty with Ger many took up this morning tne repara tion clauses of the document The commission decided to call before It such of the Cabinet Ministers as It might desire to hear In this connection. of Benator McNary (Ore.), made In th. Senate to-day. wherein among other things Article X was discussed Mr. McNary took the gruund that Article X. meant that If the Pulled State was called on to participate in protecting the sovereignty or territory of a nicmocr nation It would be perfectly free to lestxmd or not as It might determine In view of the clrcumrtanceH. Mr Cr.tn mlnt sld that If this construction of the article were correct then ho should have no objection to It because In effect It wuuld mean that Article X. meant nothing at all. The Shantung settlement was dis- I cussed at length with all of the three 1 Senators, and they learned that the J President has a good deal to ay In ' defence of hla own relations to the i nnantung provisions. Those are by no means satisfactory to him, and he made every effort to gut the settlement un a different basis But the dlfflculilow were manifold. England and France, by reason of their commitments to Japan on the subject, were not In ssltlon to take an active part In this feature I or tne negotiations, ana It was sjr igjuitlally left to Mr Wilson to work out the whole Japanese situation. At the time agreements were entered Into between Japan on the one aide and England and France pn the other (or the oesslon of Germany's right In Shantung to Japan, thn war was In a critical state The Germans had a naval base In Shantung and a considerable navai force there. Ho long aa that es tablishment remained in (ierman posses sion it was extremely dsngerous to transport troopa from Australia and New Zealand to BUrop So It would have been necessary for Franc ard GERMANY IS FEAR oiiHlderiiiU, Uie propriety nf ivdm-inu: to h formal wrlttuii pIim!' ttM previously publlNhM ur.ofTloial pnmiifvs to reHti-ro rttmniuui; to china. .Mr. Kutijr Mid iuch Danger tu 1 reaty Terms ' a nicmraunn wouia OJ no meanH nu-et jttf- qui unlovft It went much furth r i than the preiedinfr v:ikiu jiromtKt-'a To ren;.ore ShuntunpT to China h, Japan retuintil Tistn Tnau the. railway j ami thr mtnen would h to give her ;m j empty hunk while Japan kt pt the kernel, j aatd he Seen by French. hy a St.iff VorrtMpondtnt uf Thk hi m CojjifrtLffit . lifl! : all rifftttn rrsrrrttl 1'arih, July II Tho more tho Aus trtai) treaty iH studied the more doubt uristf hero. ov-n In French circles. Metric Shirts Are Good Shirts Made of fine fabrics, fashioned hy the host shirt makers, mid guaranteed dependahle to the last ditch, as far as fit. finish, fast-color and even- other shirt qualification is concerned Priced from $2.00 to $13.50 1466 Broadway 279 Broadwsy Broadway, at 49th Street 2 Mat I uah Ave., Brooklyn 125th Street, at 3d Avenue. 44 E. 14th St. 47 Cortlandt St. Harriman National Bank Fifth Avenue and 44th Street New York Time and Tide What is this disturbing rumor that the schedule of income taxes is not to be revised downward for the fiscal year ending next June? Were we not led to believe that with the change in the political complexion of Congress eur'y effort would be made to relieve the .enormous tax burden of the country by intelligent re duction of appropriations? The newly found methods of prying loose the hard earned dollars from the wage earner and capitalist have produced in Congress such habits of extravagance as would shame a spendthrift. There is a pruning process sadly needed to curb the Congressional appetite, and a real, live movement in the direction of relief from tax burdens is past due. It behooves the man who has been footing the war bills for these several years past to demand of his repre sentatives in Congress what steps are now being taken toward the fulfillment of the promises made htm. Un doubtedly we could eventually get the much needed relief, after many motions and gestures, but if, as it is computed, that on an average a man's hand has to travel 4,786 miles before killing one small fly, how many motions and gestures will it require to stir Con gress to action upon the Budget? The Harriman National Bank does not believe that the Budget System is a cure for all our ills, but that it will be at least a protection against further ills from particular quarters. The public, as usual, is lacking in initiative until .after the event. If every person who reads these suggestions will write to his Senator and Congressman, we predict astonishingly productive re sults in short order. BANKING HOURS FROM I O'CLOCK JL M. TO I O'CLOCK P. M. SAFE DEPOSIT VAULTS OPEN FROM 8 A. M. TO MIDNIGHT