Newspaper Page Text
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST ,
Organized Labor Chiefs Not
Ablo to IIold.Employcos
CROPS MAY BE TIED UP
More Than 200,000 -Cars Arc
Out of Commission as
Prices fio Up.
Washinotok, Aug. 8. The threat of
a railroad strike continues to spread
throughout the country despite the fforts
of the' organized lahoi heads to hold the
men In check until authoritative and I
official strike votes can be taKen.
Shopmen everywhere throwing down
their tools In premature strike. It was
reported, 'wero threatening national In
dustry because without them the rail
roads' equipment cannot be kept In us
able order at most necessary of all times
crop moving season.
Aboves that hovered the' threat of an
even more serious labor situation, the
demand of all the cjanlie'd railroad In
dustry that the profits of the business
be overhauled to retire private; capital
and create a new control. '
Reports began coming In to-day say
ing that unless railroad equipment can
be kept In running order mills, mines and
factories will be threatened with clos
ing. It was reported that there are more
than 200,000 cars now out of commis
sion. Meanwhile threats of hundreds of
thousands of railroad employees to go
on strike to force higher wages to ni'eet
the high cost of living were reiterated.
From many parts of the country to-day
came reports that strklng shopmen re
fused to returnvto work despite the fact
that- their action was denounced as Ille
gal by the representative council of the
six shop crafts. ,
Etrlko ballots were mailed from the
American Federation of Labor, for tak
ing an official vote aa-p whether -the;
EOQ.OOO shopmen shall 'walk out to ob
tain their demands and express their
disapproval of President Wilson's refer
ence to the railroad wage question to
Congress. Demands also are being made
by 450,000 clerks, freight handlers and
station employees. Director Hints was
to have discussed their problems to-day
with J. J. Forrester, grand president
of the union, but other business Inter
fered and the conference will be held
15.000 MORE RAIL
SHOPMEN GO OUT
Strike of 7n Thousand Is Set
Chicago, Aug. 5. Further spread of
me railway snopmens strike was re
ported to-night by union officials, who
said that about 15,000 additional work
ers In tbo middle West went out to
day and that a strike of 10,000 men
on the Norfolk and Western line had
been set for to-morrow.
While these wero the chief develop
ments In the fifth day of the strike, It
was announced also that the bars had
been let down' for the bollermokers to
join the strike.
L. H. Hawver, president of the Chi
cago district .council of the Federated
Railway Shopmen's Union, which called
the strike ofinhopmen. received a tele
gram from E. C. Chase, the boller
mikers' representative on the national
agreement committee of seventy-eight,
saying that conditions "do not warrant
holding men any longer." Hawver said
Chase had onooaed the strike until a
referendum off the workers had been
taken. The agreement committee has
been negotiating with the Railroad Ad
ministration in Washington.
.The shopmen's strike has bean de
clared Illegal by .railroad executives,
who have made the charge before thn
local bureau of the Department of Jus
tice. R. H. AlsKton, regional director of
the Northwest, asserted that the strike
was Illegal, since the grand officers had
opposed It and o-dered the men to re
turn to work. He expressed the hope
that those conducting the strike "in dis
obedience of their own highest authority"
would come to their "senses soon before
disaster overtakes the whole country."
Union officials said that while the
strike was called In defiance of the
Grand Lodge officers of the unions In
volved, It was in compliance with the
wishes of the rank and file of the federa
tion. It was said that they would re
fuse to take a strike vote on August 24,
as ordered by the Grand Lodge officers,
and that the. Railroad Administration
roust treat with them and grant their
demands for 85 cents an hour for me
chanics and 60 cents for helpers If the
strike Is to end.
The rallroa'd yards in the Chicago dis
trict have become congested with cars,
and union officials say all railroad ser
vice will be more seriously affected In a
President nawver said the vote of
the Norfolk and Western men to strike
to-morrow was significant because F. B.
Lauderman, their representative. Is
chairman of the national agreement
Scores Brotherhood's Plan.
Boston, Aug. C Resolutions sotting
forth unqualified opposition to Govern
ment ownership or operation of railroads
under the plan proposed by the railroad
brotherhoods were adopted by the execu
tive committee of the Associated Indus
tries of Massachusetts to-day.
The resolutions characterize the plan
"as the moat serious menace to the wel
fare of tho nation of any legislation pre
sented to Congress since we became a
republic." They favor "an Immediate
return or the roads p their owners."
The officers, of the Boston Chamber
of Commerce Issued a statement In which
they said that the brotherhoods were
"entitled to fair consideration of their
plan by congress," but added:
"If a strike should be threatened to
enforce the acceptance of their plan by
Congress we ask the Senators and Rep
resentatives of this Commonwealth In
Congress to stand for the rights and lib
ertles of the whole people against the
demands of any class which seeks spe
cial privileges by coercive methods. We
are against special privilege for capital
and labor alike." 1
The statement expressed opposition to
Government ownership of railroads, but
favored representation of labor on the
directorates and a "Just system of profit
Woman Accuses Police Corpora,
Police Corporal Joseph L. Horn of
the West Twentieth street station was
suspended and held In J 2,000 ball yes
terday on charges of assault preferred
by Mrs. Helen Dille, 20. of 302 West
121st street, who said that while she
was on her way downtown the ofllcor
dragged her Into a doorway In West
Twenty-second utreet and attacked her.
Horn Is married 'and lives- n -its East
Eleventh street. Deputy Commissioner
-Torter Is Investigating.
ON WAGES DISPUTE
ConttnutA from-Flrtt ragt.
situation of the Railroad Administration
and Invited the railroad men to siva any
urgtatlona they cared to have lncor
Twrated In the bill ha planned to-present
"The Interstate Commerce- Committee
Intends to rive, careful consideration to
the recommendations of the President,
and I do not predict, the committee's ac
tion. But I say It Is unfair to, Congress
to- Issue a statement to the country that
the situation, cannot be dealt with by the
...... .WHI,.I,UUVII fcfll atU VI 1 1 IU 1 . ' - ... " . -
legislation Is enacted. The President I" "farted conferred on the pro
has the absolute power through the Dt-fpoa' bo"d' , ' . .
rector-General to fix wages of alt rail-1 JSupport,nc tne Portion of. Senator
rnnri .mniivM. n-v. - si . ,- v Cummins. Benator Kcllnrr declared 'such
employer. If can hire or dlsehurM '(
employee. It can determine .what each
employee shall receive. Thero can. be
no di ubt regarding that power, because
It is given to the President Shd Director
General by the act of March 31, lttt,
respecting Federal control."
Senator Lenroot (Wis.) jisked": "The
Eonator speaks of the President's power.
Is It not more .than power? Does not
the duty devolve on the President. ' at
well as the powerf" '
"It Is Impossible for ma ,to conceive
power without a duty," replied Senator
Question ot President's Power.
.ufn.Vr vrman (N. C.) observed
that,' the Congress had taken from the
President the right to Initiate rates.
"That Is the very misapprehension
that has been created." said Senator
Cummins. "We, have not taken that
power from' hftn. Wo have not taken
from him any power whatsoever."
Scr-A tor Cummins referred to the bill
passed -to authorize the Interstate Com
merce Commission to suspend rites, 'but
said 'this has'not Vet become' the" law.
The bill had been obstructed, ha charted,
by the Railroad Administration Itself In
the House of Representatives, and not
till yesterday was the bill reported to
'I-.still Insist we- must pass- a, law
whereby the Interstate Commerce Com
mission shall have power. If It believes
It necessary, to "suspend rates made' by
tho.1ictoriOeneral,". Senator. Cummins,
resumed. "But tho authority as well as
duty of Initiating rates which may be
come necessary to meet Increased cost
of transportation rests with the Director-General,
and will rest with him after
the bill to which I have referred becomes
Replying to a question by Senator
Fletcher (Fla.) Mr. Cummins said the
increase of rates by the Railroad Ad
ministration has been In some Instances
much more than 2S per cent, ; In some
cases 100 pep cent ; In raro5 cases still
more. " t
Senator ,'Pomerene said that according
to tostlpibnyv before .the Senate com
mittee, rthe rates on coarse grades", ot
freight In .tits central West .had ifieen
Increased E0 to 60 per cent, and there
was testimony as to certain articles
from New Orleans northward on which
rates were Increased 200 per cent.
Senator Cummins said a better under
standing ot tho effect of the Increases
In rates could be had by reference to
the results of the Increases.
'The operating revenues of all roads
under the Government for ,1917," said
the Senator: "were In round numbers
M, 100,000,000. The gross revenue to the
roads In -Government, control for 191S
were a, little more -than lt.900,000,000.
The volume of traffic was slightly, less
In 1918 than In 1917. It Is fair to de
duce that the Increased rates operating
for substantially seven and one-half
months of the present year have re
sulted In an Increase In gross revenue
of 9800,000,000. If they had been In
effect the entire year on a similar
volume 'of trafflo the Increase would
have aggregated an added revenue of
more than 81,400,000,000."
Senator Kellogg (Minn.) said the
operating expenses had Increased J100,-
000,000 or Joo,ouo,ooo more tnan tne
Increase In Income. Mr. Cummins re
plied that either through higher wages.
Increased cost of supplies, Inefficiency
in operation, or the Increase of the num
ber of employees, the operating revenue
of the roads under Federal control had
ahown a deficit' ot S250',OCVO,'000. ,
Senator Non-Id (Neb.) asked '.whether
the contracts with tho railroads guaran
teeing dividends In every caee had not
called for the maximum amount per
mitted by law.
Mr. Cummins said he did not know
of any contract with a. railroad com
pany in which compensation was' fixed
at less than the maximum. The com
pensation In many cases was-' excessive.
He had urged on tho Senate that if
these contracts were permitted the big
railroads would receive S25O.O00.o6o per
year more than they should have been
Mr. Norrls urged that excessive com
pensation to the railroad owners was
one of the oafesea ot the deficit The
Burlington contract made on the max
imum basis, would amount to 22 H per
rnt nnnn.llv in nil (to V
Senator Cummins said he thought the
contract provided In that case for - a
dividend in excess ot 22 per cent
Mast Pay Deficit Anyway..
Senator Kellogg said the compensa
tion to roads had nothing to do with
the operating expenses, and was not
figured In those expenses. ,
"But the amount we nnv the rail.
roads," said Senator Norrie,- ."does enter1
Into this problem. We have to pay it
ulther from the United States, Treasury
or In rates to the railroads."
"It enters Into it Just to this extent"
said Senator Cummins. "If' we had
paid the railroads 8200,000,000 less
compensation during 1918 instead ot
being compelled to go to the Treasury
for 8240,000,000 to pay them, we would
have been compelled to got for only 826,
000,000 or 880,000,000."
Senator Pomerene noted that the
-Director General; Mr. McAdoo at that
time, had assured the committee of the
Senate that with Increase In rates of
25 per cent then proposed, and with the
increased wage that was to be paid,
there would be a surplus of over $100,
000,000 for the year. Instead, there Is
a monthly deficit, notwithstanding In
creased rates, he declared.
Senator Cummins said the railroads
lost 8240,000,000 last year; they had lost
for the first four or five months of this
year 8280.p00.000 and are now losing at
tho rate of 889,000,000 per month. Re
plying to questions, he said; "I have
assumed the President believes, and I
know the Director-General does, that we
h"9 an fc,c"te. an.d Imminent situation
which must be dealt with and he asks us
to pass a Jaw that would create a new
board for- fix In r railroad win, nnrt
'adopt a direction, to the Interstate Com-
iommission 10 increase rates in
accordance with the Increase In the cost
of operation. If that Is Imminent It Is
an emergency, and I believe it Is.
Whether It should be done within a week
or a month 3 do, not know, but I am
sure it must be dealt with before we
can hope to pass a general reorganiza
tion bill. I am not saying we are un
willing to take our share ot the responsi
bility. I am willing to assume' mine;
but I dq not think It fair or just that
the Impression. go to the country'that the
Administration Is, powerless to meet the
situation until Congress acts.
"The Interstate Commerce Committee
of the Senate Is desirous of cooperating
with the President and the Dlrector-Cen-eral
In every practical and Just wny.
But I could not permit the Impression to
become fixed that delay la the delay of
Congress. I am neither approving nor
condemning tbe nolto'th4ite(ioUia
pursued; but I djWUio p6pIBot the
country will understand that If wages
are to be raised and If they ought to be
raised now the Director-General has the
right to raise them. I- hope the country
will Bnow'that If rate are Increased to
meet Increased cost the Dlrect8r-Qen-
erai has the right to raise them."
Director-General Ilaa .F.ovr.er.
Senator Pomerene said I "I do not
know, anybody in bettrpoaltlon to know
whether waees and rates ouiht to be
raised than the Dlrector-Oeneral. A
formal communication has been pre
jtented to ,the committee bearlnr
erally on this subject and I ..confess It
looks to me as It It were the desire to
pass the responsibility. I think If I
were Dlrector-Oeneral of Railroads I
would have the courage to say either
that there .ought or ought not to be an
lncrensvof was-ee.cr I would resign."
Replying to Senator Wateon Ind.).
Senator Cummins said the Director-Gen
eral ) now-all the power the -President
w9 board as. tho President wanted
Congress to authorlzo.had been -created
under ths powers, of 'the President and
had-jnade-o, report tto-the Director-General
on which wage Increases, had' been
Senator King-. (Utah)i suggested that
any Increase ot wages would constitute
a-lien on the railroads, and' asked It .this
would not be In effect confiscation of the
property. He wanted to know whether
action 'of such character could be taken
without making provision for compensa
tion. Senator Kellogg said It would be
confiscatory It the money dd not come
-from the pockets of the 'Government. If
the railroads were to .be turned back
with their present operating expenses
fixed half the railroads of tho United
States would be in, the hands of re
ceivers In sxty days,, he declared.
"The -Director-General does not deny
It," he said, "and he haa not the courage
iff remedy It; that Is tho trouble.
There were 140,000 mote employees In
January.,1919, doing less work, handling
less freight Ahan lh ' December,. 1317,
tho last month of private operation: We
are paying to those 140.000 employees
8210,000,000 n year, which Is more than
S per cent on every dollar of capital
stock of the railroads Undoubtedly a
large 'part or this Is' due to shorter hours
of labor, but It Is a fact that confronts
us. In-spite of the. Increases of freight
-rates the operating' expenses have gone
up still more rapid)-; and' the railroads
could not live on tho, Income that the
Dreetoj-Gperal la. receiving. The rall
roads.have gofto be maintained soma
Government Operation Wasteful.
'There is beforo Congress the most
difficult economic problem wo have ever
confronted," Senator King continued.
"There never was Government opera
tion that was not wasteful and Ineffi
cient. It Is Inevitable under our organ
ization. It is not the providence or
prerogative of a democracy like ours to
run all the.? business ot the country.
We've 'got this problem to settle. I am
going to gtvo the President's recom
mendation" the most serious considera
tion. I do say he has the power now,
and the responsibility ot handling this
tlS.OOO.OOO.OaO of property- has ' been
placed upon the Railroad Administration.
It cannot shirk tho responsibility and It
Is going to be answerable to the Amer
ican people for it."-
A sub-commtttoo of three was ap
pointed to-day by the Senate Interstate
Commerce Committee to consider and
report whether an investigation should
be made of the railroad wage problem
by the full 'committee.
In, connection with this assignment the
sub-committee wsji Instructed to con
sider and study for Itself the relation
between tho wages of railroad workers
and the Increases .In living costs since
the last Increase in pay was granted.
The sub-committee will be headed by
Senator Cummins. The work of the sub
committee Is to be expedited In all pos
sible ways. It Is expected to' file, a re
port within a few days. ' If It submits
a recommendation in favor of an Inves
tigation by the full committee a resolu
tion which Mr. Cummins has prepared
will be Introduced In the Senate and au
thority for the Inquiry obtained.
It Is the opinion of Senator Cummins
that an Inquiry Into, the relation between
wages and food prices should be made
In fifteen or twenty communities. The
hearings' would be conducted In this city.
PACIFIC FLEET IS
' NEAR HOME HARBOR
Expected to Drop Anchors at,
Six This Morning.
San Djsoo, Cat, Aug 5. Somewhere
off the coast ot lower California tho
Pacific, fleet to-night was steaming
toward Its new home waters. At mid
night the ships were to be within fifty
miles of San; Dle-io .harbor.
Nearly two score vessels, which com
prise the fleet as It now stands, will
anchor oft the Coronado Islands, seven
teen miles from San Dlego, at 6 A. M.
to-morrow In a huge semi-circle. They
will not enter' this harbor until Thurs
day. Secretary Daniels telegraphed Rear
Admiral J. L. Jayne here this afternoon
he would arrive In San Dlego to-morrow.
Washouts on the Santa Fe Railroad In
Arizona necessitated rerouting his party
over the Southern Pacific lines.
Admiral Hugh Rodman, commander
In chief of the fleet, wired to-day ac
cepting quarters at Coronado for his
visit He announced the dreadnought
New Mexico, his flagship, would enter
Jthls harbor and anchor during the
fleet's stay. v
Secretary Daniels's official party will
review the fleet outside the harbor. It
was said by naval officers this would bo
the procedure followed for the review
of the fleet off Los Angeles.
Flowers In great quantities will be
sent to commanders of every ship. Ju
nior officers ao.nd the, messes of the men
also will be-.'supplied. Various organi
zations announced that down town
booths and stands would be open, where
free Ice cream, cakes and soft drinks
would be given to every sailor In unl
LAWIEE BOMBERS HUNTED.
California State Authorities Join
Search and Offer Ileward,
Los Anoeles, Aug. E. State authori
ties Joined Federal, county and city of
ficials to-day In an effort to apprehend
those responsible for the explosion that
set Are to the home of Oscar Lawler,
former Assistant United States Attor-
rey-Gencral, Sunday and from which
Xf. T.ni.l anA tf. ..-I I.. ......
J - nr.d other injuries which may prove
Gov, Stephens sent a personal tele
gram to Mr. Lawler offering the State's
aid and an, additional 11,000 reward for
the apprehension of .the perpetrators ot
the outrage, which with previous offerB
biought the total amount ot the reward
offered to 25,500,
Explosive experts have determined the
explosion was caused bytw6 dynamite
filled pieces of oil well casing, which In
exploding set fire to ten gallons of oil
which was placed beside them.
Cathollo Ills; Slaters leet.
One hundred women were present last
night at the first dinner of the Roman
Cathollo Big Sisters Committee at the
Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce, Court
and Remsen streets. The committee was
formed three months ago and seeks to
uplift young women ln poor families.
Monslgnor Francis J, O'Hara was toast
master. He spoke of the committee'!
work, as did Justice Cornelius J, Collins
of. .Special .Session, .,BrsfcrfJ,Trn,
chief probation officer! -tha Jtevl John B.
Gorman and the Rev, Thomas J. O'Brien.
'CIGAR GIRL' tRGED
"Nicotirio Next" Apppnla to
Iter to Quit Job and Help
UNION HEADY FOB DRIVE
Association Opposed to .Prohi-
bitjons Expects It whon Dry
Iirt' Is' Nailed.
Further' 'quotations from "Nlcotln
Nexfr the book Written by Prof. "Will
lam Frederick Roman of Byracuso Uni
versity, which Is mora or less tho text
book of '.the Women's." Christian Temper
ance ITnlon..ln Its -flrht unon tohtLMyi.
were made publlo-yesterdlyby the As
sociation, Opposed to National Prohibi
tions. This association ' has" been dig
ging a bit Into the'proposed activities ot
the W. C T. U. In regard to the tobacco
Industry and tho smoking habit and Is
certain tbe union has hatched a deep
schema to abolish smoking and -make
the hunutn' race what the temperance-
folks think it ought to be. .
In the quotations Prof. Roman pleads
with the young woman who sells to
bacco in 'a hotel or cigar store to leave
her,Job because the work she does Is
"Lack of .dignity in.-labor forma one
basis for the beginning ot Immorality,",
says "Nlcotlna Next" "An Individual
who can be employed in work which
does not command genuine respect be
cause. It .lacks use, beauty and truth la
constantly subject to class discrimina
tion and to temptations of Immorality.
This Is particularly true among young
Women who sell tobacco In- hotels and
cigar stores. Go to any hotel, and you
will find the 'cigar girl' subjected to the
same zort 'of humiliation and Insult that
her older sister, the barmaid,- formerly
endured.! "Some one says, 'But don't men take
the same attitude toward women who
wait on tho tables In the dining room?'
My answer Is, 'No.' The reason for this
answer Is that waitresses are chosen
with a view to the heavy servlco they
are to perform, and not with a Zlegfeld
eye for well dressed good looks as are
the cigar girls. There should be a law
In every State In the Union forbidding
woipen to sell tobacco, on the ground
that It Jeopardizes morals.'"
A statement Issued by theAssoclatt6h
Opposed to National Prohibitions de
clares that the, association expected vig
orous denials' from tho-W. C T. U. that
A crusado against tobacco-was contem
plated. But It says that the reasons
for these denials Is that the "tobacco
next" campaign would Jeopardize the
drastic enforcement of prohibition. The
"On tha heels of such denials, the
association Is continuing Its Investiga
tion, and Is prepared to ijrove that the
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
already has prepared, and la only wait
ing, for prohibition to bo made secure
before executing, a general attack upon
every branch of the tobacco industry In
the United States. At present It Is true,
the agents of the W. C. T. U. are con
fining their efforts to Insidious Invasions
of the public schools. But Its agents
trre prepared to start a drive at a. mo
ment's notice -against the tobacco grow
ers, the tobacco manufacturers, tho wage
earners all hands engaged In the to
bacco Industry, which has figured so ex
tensively In American commerce."
DENIED BY W. C. T. U.
Mrs. Boole Says Vice Cam
paign Is Planned.
In a.? telegram sentfrom her summer
home In Rangely, Me., to Brooklyn yes
terday, Mrs. Ella A. Boole of that bor
ough, vice-president of thel New Tork
State- organization of the ' Women's
Christian Temperance Union, denied the
charge made by the Association Opposed
to National Prohibitions that the adoption
of a constitutional amendment against
the use ot tobacco was .planned by her
organization. In her telegram Mrs.
Boolo said ;
"The 'dopaftment'of narcotics,, which
also deals with habit forming drugs, has
been a part of o"ur plan ot work tor- thirty-five
years, .but Its works are 'educa
tional and primarily among children and
young people. The nicotine text was
prepared more than a year ago tor our
young people's branch and as a help for
teachers, who by all State laws are re
quired to tefceh the effects of alcohol and
"The million dollar. Jubilee drive Is to
be used for the - continued campaign In
this and other lands against vice nnd
for the protection of women arid children.
No part Is to be used as an anti-tobacco
campaign. This . so-called .Investigation
Is a pro-liquor 'propaganda for the pur
pose ot creating antagonism to national
prohibition and Is sent out .by; an associ
ation organized for'that purpose.
756 DEATHS DUE' TO OAS.
Slain Americans Arersged S3
Tears in Aire.
Washington, Aug, 5.--Seven hundred
and fifty-six of the American ''soldiers
killed In action were victims of gas, ao.
cording to an announcement' to-day by
the War Department The 'average age
of all the men' killed was 23 years, em
phasising the youth of the American
The total of missing In action on July
31 was 241, the Department announcing
that large reductions had been made In
the list as the result of checking, ngalnst
the list of the central records office of
the expeditionary offices.
METAL TRADES ASK ACTION.
Western Organisation Wants Ltv
lnur Costa Cut.
SAif .Francisco, Aug. 6.-p-The metal
trades department of the American Fed
eration of Labor will make' demands on
Congress and the President this month
that measures be taken to reduce ths
high cost of living, James O'Connell,
chairman of this committee, said.
Membership of the metal crafts ex
ceeds E00.00O, O'Connell said.
Wholesalers announced to-day a re
duction of 40 cents a barrel In the price
of flour. Tills followed a similar reduc
tion a week ago.
Lost Aoe's Piano Been. '
Lakivilie. Conn., Aug. 6. What Is
believed to be the wrecked airplane of
Capf, Mansell It James, the Canadian
ace who was lost a month ago while
flying from Plttefleld, Mass., to Atlantic
City, was found to-day In a deep gully
on Mount Riga, near Mlllerton, N. Y,
J, H. Sllveroale, a local berry picker,
overlooked the wreckage from a ledge
and thought, he said, that It was that
ot an aircraft Ha returned to the vicin
ity xccompantad by a' nephew tbut waa
unable to locate the debris. Ha will
make another attempt to-morrow.
OfauH WITH BRITISH
Pnrchaso of German Steam
ship During "VyarArousos
RECALL ENGLISH ENVOY
King Goorgo Ignores Hopnbllc
Minister,, Who Is Hoturn
J ing Homo.
BurJoi Anas, Aug. B. Coincident
with the announcement that Blr"Reglnald
Tower.'Brilleh Minister to Argentina, Is
to return toLondon,' to Naeion asserts
that reUtlons "between 'the two countries
. ,r . - . - . .. .
art delicate, due to "the purchase by Ar-
gentlna during the -war of the German
steartis'hip Bahla JJlanca. Blr Reginald:
j .. .... ., J. . - . II'
ucnicn ina-i ma mum 10 umaun 19 uuo
to the' Imminence of a' rupture In fele-'
Hons and Asserts that the trip merely is
for a rest The article In IiO IfooUm''
"Regarding rumors which from the be-
ginning have been founded on mora tHwifl aurplus stock is to replace with
suppositlpn", we jiaye received versions
tho gravity of which are ""celf -evident
and- according to -which tha return to
lndon of Sir Reginald Tower. British
Minister to Argentina, and the departure
of Francisco Alvarez de Toledo, Argen
tina Minister to Kngiand, from London
are not disconnected. ' On the contrary.
It appears "the" retirement of both 'min
isters Is traceable . to the purchase' by
Argentina of the steamer Bahla-'Blanca
from the Germans, which purchaai the
British' Government refused to recog
nize. Attempt to End Trouble.
"Following, this, refusal Argentina at
tempted to solve' the1 difficulty by ap
pointing as minister at London Senor
Toledo who,' as Minister of 'Marlne.'han
dled the negotiations" for the purchase of
tha ship. He presented his credentials
J?' ..t...C.OT,; llraJ5i rj!i.:
I, J. i 1 - J.. ,k.-V t. , r -nh.
him. It Is reported there is no proba-
blllty of his reception In the near future,
"It appears this might have been ex
pected, as the British Government never
stated that Senor Toledo was persona
grata. It will be remembered the Ar
gentine Government has waited a long
r, . , , , (i ,
Tnrsr ah?a' ffis
hi, - r.nn. fm- beTlevini
there now appears reasons for believing
that Sir Reginald's favorble intimations
relative to the1 deal were solely his per
Another newspaper, Los Noticiaa, In
. I . U .lltiallnn ma va " Q I T-
Ranald "TVwer TsTelng recTl.ed.and
Serbr Toledo Is returning because King
George has not received hint."
Real Cause of Dispute.
"The occasion for the present situa
tion." it adds. "Is the refusal of tho
British Government to recognize the
purchase of tha Bahla Blanca. but the
real cause underlying the crisis Is the
Argentine Government's hostile attitude
toward British capital " Invested ln
Before Senor Toledo sailed for Lon
don It was announced ho would go on
the Bahla Blanca. A day or two later,
howeverj a Jf lUsh cruiser to jk up pff
sltl&n off the'flver Plate, Senor Toledo
subsequently went to "London, on a reg
According to a current version of thn
matter, an effort Is being made to en
list the aid of the United Btates In set
tling the qurstlon of the purchase of
the Bahla Blanca. for which Argentina
paid 11,100,000, the deal being made
through the Swedish Government It j statement regarding Income tax pay
I mmtA tfcla --a nn. Miiinn that Thomas' . . , . . ,
. - - -; , , . ...
A. La Breton Argentine Minister to the
United 8tatea, went to Europe early this
year. According to reports, he and
Marcello de Alvear. Argentine Minister
to France, failed ln their efforts, to help.1
Senor Toledo to solve the difficulty.
When the great war broke out, the
Bahla Blanca, a ship owned by the
Hamburg-American Steamship Com
pany, was Interned ln the harbor of
.Buenos Aires to prevent her capture by
allied warships. Somo time later it.
waa found the machinery of the ship
had been partially dismantled by the
crew to prevent the use of tho vessel In
case she should be requisitioned by Che
In June,, 1918, It was announced at
Buenos Aires that the ship had been
leased by Argentina and that the crew
had been given permission by the Ger
man Ministry of Marina to reveal the
places where missing parts of tho ship's
machinery were hidden. Later It was
learned the ship had been bought by the
The ship, however, never went to sea.
because the Allies, and the United States
refused to recognize the transfer of her
flag. It was stated In a Buenos Aires
despatch last April that the purchase
price of the ship would be applied to"
moneys to be claimed from Germany by
The Bahla Blanca was built at Ham
burg ln 1913 and Is 491 feet-long, hav
ing a beam of 59 feet alio Is a twin
screw steel .vessel, being registered at
K0EMAN IDENTIFIES SUSPECT.
Jacob Osadn'er Arrested In Coney
Jacob Oradner, 25, arrested at Riving
ton and Suffolk streets last night by
three detectives, was taken to the Coney
Island Hospital shortly atter 9 o'clock
and to the bedside if Harry Korman,
who was wounded In .the .light In which
Joseph Cohen was ' killed on Sunday.
Korman waa wakened, and when he
saw Oradner standing In front of htm
raised himself on one elbow.
"That's the man." "he cried.
Oradner .waaithetr taken to the police
station, where he was subjected to n
long questioning. He declined to make
any statement regarding the case on
his arrival at the station. His home Is
in i4 Rlvington street
CANTRELL & COCHRANE
OF TWO CONTINENTS
Order tjy the dozen
from your dealer
for use at home
E .JBiirkf SolaAjsnt
THOUSANDS OF ARMY
TRUCKS IDLE IN CAMP
Many Acres Covered With
Themlifust Not Be, Sold.
1 ' i
Special DtipalcK to Tns Barf.
Baltimom, Aug. (.Thousands of
motor trucks He Idle at Camp Holablrd,
but the public la not going to get a
chance td make use of them. Though
they rust 'and ret to worthlessness, the
United - States Motor Transport Corps
will keep "them In Its possession either
at Camp Holablrd or at some other
army camp, If "use Is found for them
they will be put Into service, otherwise
the Idlenbaa -will continue.
Officers at Camp Holablrd cannot- say
how many trucks there' are at1 the oamp.
A rough estimate, however, would place
the number at between 7,000 and 12,000,
and packed a wny" In some storehouse
there may bo thousands more. Acres of
ground are covered with trucks, large
I .5m J a'"1 om? .?"
c&me rom ,ho factorTi oKpmired are
J camouflaged and battered, showing that
"they aaw service in France and are now
,feaay to be -shipped overssas, had been
"knocked 'd6wn after being' run here from
the factory under their own power and
; n,ow re P' nl"h ln th Holablrd
A few of tha cars are being shlppde
out pi fne camp 10 do puc imo service,
but almost it many are "coming In from
camps where' activities are diminishing
or have ceased. The chief of the corps
haa given orders that no cars ahould be
sold, so that the only means of disposing
the ldle-onesithose that are worn out
The channels through which, the Government-exrvecta
to 'dispose ot the sur
plus cars, according to, Capt H. J.
!C Musi Z
serve ' to .replace cars that must be
scrapped ; by transferring them, to the
Post Ofllce Department or Department
ot Agriculture s by putting them Into ser
vice In .the Philippine Islands or other
dependencies where "there Is need of
transportation facilities, ,
"Passenger cars will he disposed of ln
a manner similar-to'tho reduction ot he
BOY CONFESSES $16,000 THEFT.
Accuses Second Lad and Ills
aiother ln, Liberty Bond Case.
Two detectives of .Deputy" Commis
sioner Leahy's staff learned yesterday
that John Farrell. 15. whom they had
-worth of bonds from Horace I. Bowno. a
Publisher of 29 Broadway, was In the
L -rw .it,A fh w
and obtained a confession they said
which accounted for all the stolen goods.
They then arrested Mrs. Minnie Honey
man, 37, and her son, John, 17, ln their
home, 61! West Fifty-third street
4 i!U uciccuvea Bum uiak x-uricu wiu
i Lh!r"a".on f
Tho detectives said that Farrell told
tn safo at Bowne's. where "he was em
.,,.. n . -. ,h nm M,rt .
.ployed, and after tho office closed, April
11, effected tho robbery. Later he re
turned., (11,000 worth of -bonds to Mr.
Bowne by mall. A broker to whom he
offered the remaining bonds refused to
i bvy unlessthe boy cOUld produc0j th6
consent of his parents.
Farrell left two 11,000 bonds with the
broker and then told his troubles to his
friend, John Honeyman. The two boys
then endeavored to persuade Mrs. Hon
eyman to act ba Mirrell's parent and sell
alt four bonds. Mrs. lioneyman denied
having entered Into the scheme, and
said she had torn up the bonds.
Farrell was arrested ln Garden City,
the detectives said, and later brought
here for trial on a charge' of stealing
12,000 from the Montlcello, Hotel, for
which ho was sentenced to the House of
WARNSfAIIENS ON, INCOME TAX.
Hartford Collector Acts, Prompted
by Unusnal Dioilm,
Hartford Aug. 5. On account of the
unusual exodus ot aliens from tho
United States following the armistice
collector James j. Walsh of the Inter-
mil 1 ? -. T1 11 a non.rim.nl Yi a I u - n .! a
i ic, 1 Ln 10 muse v. 1 1 u may wisn I" leave.
Tna instructions point out that no
ono allowed to leave this country
untll ho has filed his tax returns or re-
oclved a certificate of, clearance from
ujq, itevenue ,-uearcm.enK.
"-ii r:1! -
SHOE PRICE PROBE
BARRED BY GILLETT
Speaker Itefusds to Itccognizo
Irjoo and Is Denounced
by Champ Clark.
Thrco Day Recesses Blocked
by Mlssourlan in Re
taliation. Bptdal Denpatcfi to Tns ,Stm.
Washington, Aug. 6. Partisan "poli
tics In the House 'to-day again blocked
consideration of the resolution of Rep
resentative I roe (Mo;) for Investigation
by tho Federal Trade Commission' of
high shoe prices and also prevented the
House from taking three day recesses
for the next two weeks.
Speaker dlllett again blocked the tyroe
resolution by refusing to -recognize Mr.
Igoe, and he ln turn objected to the re-'
quest of Republican Leader Mondejl
(Wyo.) for the recess. Mr. Igoe has
announced his determination to ask for
consideration of his resolution every" day
until It Is passed, and to object to any
plans ot Republican leaders for a two
or three day recess. As the result tho
House probably will meet a few min
utes every day until the. President sub
mits his recommendations -for v' '"ling
the cost of living and then adjourn.
Former Speaker Clark to-day"attacked
Mr. Otllett's decision of Saturday In re-'
fusing to recognize Mr. Igoe as "an put
rage." Mr.- Igoe also, on a question Of
personal privilege, criticised the Speaker
for telling newspaper men "that he dldj
not propose to allow any one member to
bulldoze tho House."
The 'Speaker left the chair and took
his seat on the floor to answer the at
tacks. He admitted that the newspaper
statements were his sentiments, although
they probably should not have been ex
pressed ln such "Inelegant language."
Ho said that his refusal to recognize
should be taken as Indicating that he
objected to the consideration of the
resolution even If no other member did
'"A proposition was made to the House
to adjourn for three days," Mr. dlllett
said, "which I believed represented the
wishes of tho House. The ' gentleman
from Missouri, Mr. Igoe, was the only
one not willing to take his chance and
allow the majority of the House to have
its will and then his chance on getting
consideration of the resolution, but he
Insisted that beforo the majority of the
House should have Its will he should
have his. Personally I do not believe
that Is tho attitude one man should
take. It was not against the resolution
that I objected, but simply the manner
ln which the gentleman tried to enforce
against the will of the House his, per
'The Speaker hod no earthly right to
object to the request after he had put It
once," salJ Champ Clark In reply, "and
I say that, the whole ruling was an .out
rage." "I never Intended or attempted to
bulldoze tho House Into doing anything
except that I did use my right and
privilege as a member of this House to
secure consideration of the resolution,
which I thought of some interest to the
people of the country," said Mr. Igoe.
"I was told after I made the first ob
jection that I could not get it consid
ered, nnd after the second objection Re
publican members told mo I would never
get anything in this House. I simply
wished to present the resolution to tho
House, and It any member wanted to
object to its consideration that would
end the matter. It seems to me It Is nn
unfair and unjust characterization for
the Speaker to say that I bulldozed the
THINKS HE SAW AERO ;
OF LOST CAPT. JAMES
Aged Man Believes He Has
Special DitpatcK to Ths Sex.
PouaitKBsfsiE, N. T Aug. S gfj,
SUverdale, 65 years old, said to-nltht
ha believed he had discovered the air.
plane of Capt Mansell R. James, Uit
Canadian aviator who has been missing
for several weeks. SUverdale said ht
had marked the location ot the plant,
although he saw It from a distance of
two mites, and that he Intends goln;
there for a closer view as Boon as ths
weather Is favorable. He refused te
tell where the plana was located, as tit
had heard that there was a reward for
tha finding of Capt James's ship and ht
Intends to collect it
SUverdale did say, however, that ht
saw the airplane In a "deep ravine on
the side Of Mount Riga, but that It u
Impbsalbla for him to reach the rartnt
from the spot where he first got a
glimpse ot ,the wrecked plane. He wu
picking berries when he saw the plant
and the 'ground between the' ship and
where he was standing Is so thick with
underbrush that It would be tmposslbli
to make any progress through It with
'out an axe.
' People living In' th'ls -vicinity bellevt
that SUverdale has really found t.
wrecked plane of the missing aviator.
The laat place where Capt James U
known to have flown over Is Lee, Man.,
about sixteen miles away from the place
described by SUverdale. The old mn
had planned to return to Mount Riga
to-day, but the weather was so cloudy
that he concluded It would be Impoislbl
to distinguish the landmarks.
COSTS $2 TO SOAK A COP.
Monitions 'Worker Imbibes, Then
Boxes Spirit of Dempsey.
An-- investigation into the possibilities
of what he. called 2,75 brought John Dob-
ley, it, "a munitions, worker, very much
battered Into Harlem court yesterday.
He said he had begun the probe In, th
sole potion of making a scientific test ct
the capabilities of tha product but hid
gradually lost the Intellectual urge In
a spirit of abandon which came upon
Patrolman James Lyons told tha court
that he ,found, Dobley entertaining a
crowd at Third avenue and 126th street
with an exhibition of shadow boxlnc,
averring that tho shadow waa the astral
shape of Jack Dempsey, So great was
his enthusiasm that when the policeman
urged htm to move along he began plant
ing rights and lefts on the copper, Tha
policeman floored him with two wallopt.
Dobley waa apologetic In court a"4
was lined 2, promising to keep awijr
from 2.T5 afflatus In the future.
Mohawk Rubber Co. 0! N. V., Inc.,
123 Weil 6Sth Street,
New York City.
Factory Akren, Ohio.
Plan to take your vacation in the
heart of the Rockies. Camping out,
fishing, and (other wilderness joys.
Here are two National Parks, six
National Monuments and more than
twenty million acres of National
Hundreds of miles of spectacular
Thousands of summer hotels,
lodges, ranch resorts and camp sites.
Trout streams and lakes full of
game fish. Bright wild flowers up
to snow line'.
Within the boundaries of Colorado alone
are forty peaks, more than 14,000 feet high.
Utah possesses a, number of lofty mountain
ranges, deep canyons, and the Great Salt Lake.
Summer Excursion Fares
Ask for the booklets you want. They de
scribe Colorado and Utah Rockies, the two
National Parks Rocky Mountain and Mesa
Verdcr-sJio the six National Monuments.
AJc the local ticket agent to help plan your
trip or apply to neareit Consolidated Ticket
Office or address nearest Travel Bureau, U, S.
Railroad Administration, 646 Transportation
Bide., Chlcagoi 14 J Liberty Street, New York
402 Healey Bldg., Atlanta, Georgia.
UnjieD'Seajes Railroyd AdMLVISTOMION"
Consolidated Ticket Offices
M ('Immbrr, St,
31 VI", Sim! fit.
114 tV. 45ltrt Ht.
SJ Fullon hi., liroekbn