OCR Interpretation

The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, August 09, 1919, Image 1

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030431/1919-08-09/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Fair to-day and to-morrow; gentle to
moderate north winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 85; lowest; 66.
Detailed weather report on editorial page.
VOL. L2CXXVI. NO. 343.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, AUGUST 9, 1919. Copyright, 1919, bu tho Sun Printing and PuUUhjng Association.
Sporadic Rioting Marks the
Day and Policemen Make
Numerous Arrests.
Garrison Still Refuses to
m A ITTiXl- TT ! 1.i
lreai mm umuii, uuc
Nixon May Arbitrate.
Trouble Thrcntcns to Spread
to Green Car Lines in Man-.
hattan Borough.
Brooklyn's surface cars were tied
up as completely yesterday as on the
first two days of Uie strike of B. It. T.
employees, but the elevated service
Improved a bit.
The company ran all night service,
of s sort, on the subway and elevated
lines for the first time since the strike
btjan. It operated eighty-seven
trains, of 224 cars In all, with ICO
trainmen and 142 policemen to protect
them. Surface lines stopped their
feeble pretense of service at 5:30
The police apparently had new .or
ders. )VIlllam Lahcy, Deputy Com
mlesloncr, had taken hold and his
bltjfcoatswerc told, o take no' nop
tense. As a result strikers Jearhed
they could not .use rough tactics as
freely os before-
The strike, therefore, ccemed to be
settling down for a -long test of
Will Start B4 Cara Early' To-day.
At the end of a conference between
Deputy Police Commissioner Lahey
and operating officials of the B. R. T.
at midnight last night the announce
ment was made that flfty-four surface
cars will be started at 6 o'clock this
morning, In addition, to Increases on
the subway and elevated, where tho
trains will be made up of two cara
Commissioner Lahey assured the of-
men for each surface car, one for each
en the elevated and as many more
as wu found necessary to ofTord ade
quate protection.
Following a conference late last
right between Receiver Garrison, Gen
eral Manager Royce and operating of
ficials of the B. R. T., It was announced
that every effort will be made to give
the largest possible measure of, sur
face car service this morning, In ad
dition to thei subway and elevated
lines which the management hoped
ould run all. night.
Mayor Hylan made aft automobile
trip late last night to the Easf New
Tork, Bergen street. Fresh Pond and
Halsey street car bams. -He waa ac
companied by Capt. David Kane of' the
Ralph avenue station. At East New
Tork 300 strikers cheered the Mayor
and asked for a speech. At Bergen
street he asked how many men were
ready to take cars out, and only ono
responded. Ho asked the number of
police at all the barns.
In some quarters fears were ex
pressed that the strlko might extend
to the preen car lines in Manhattan.
A meeting of employees, at which
loyalty to the company was expressed
by resolution, waa followed by a rous
ing rump meeting outside In which or
ganization was agitated and the sugges
tion made that the men get In touch
itn tho Brooklyn strikers. Organ
rs are said to be working on em
ployees of other lines.
JTIion Take. Notice of Strike.
Only the proceedings before Pub
lic Service Commissioner Lewis Nixon
rave my promise of a settlement
W It Is only a promise of the dis
pute that is costing Brooklyn endless
'"conveniences and all tho-boroughs
m the dty logsea running Into the
Wiltons of dollars a day. At the P.
o- C hearing yesterday Judicial notice
was taken for the first time of the
consistently maintained willingness of
nn ST Undler M. Garrison ofjthe
t t0 meet ft commlttea repre
sentative of the employees as a whole.
e remained inflexibly firm i his re
t0 treat w1th un exclusively
union committee. To-day tho union
men are to present their case before
we Commission. They insisted again
f' night that they will not settle
re recenltlon of the unton.
ii . r auccd I" establishing their
rPr"nt all but aoo of the
Mr J.. ,emPlo' It Is possible that
wn, X" 00 cn 60 Persuaded to treat
them without formally recogalslng
:f,V u"'on- Omelali of the company
"aim they were certain last night that
... m couId 7101 established. They
kaV. ! t0 .Mtn tnat thelr ,oyi mn
ta. en 'nUrnldaUd during the first
l of the(tfpke. These men,
t. tConH,i on. Third Pope.)
Manager? Succeed in Reopen
ing Threo and Adding '
Ono Promlerc.
Action Also Ordered Against
Equity Association Pick
ets Get .Busy.
Both actors and managers are mar
shalling their forces for the third act
of the palpitating Broadway strike
drama. As the) second aft surprise to
bring nearer the climax the Producing
Managers Association yesterday in
structed its counsel, Balnbridge Colby,
tS make a counter attack on the ac
tors for striking Thursday night by
bringing suit against the Actors
Equity Association and all players
who walked out and left their con
tracts to shift for themselves.
The busy actors for, their part tried
to call out the performers In "Monte
Crlsto, Jr.," at , the Winter Garden.
They succeeded In making all but three
of the principals desert, but enough
other players remained so that a hast
ily 'revised cast could stlU carry on
the torch for clvlllratlorh- Thci man
agers were able to, reopen three pro
ductions .suspended among the twelve
on Thursday, so that tho score at the
end of the evening, with a new show,
"Chu Chin Chow," added to tho twenty-three
already current, stood:
Managers, fifteen; actors, nine.
.Six Hhovra Limp Some.
The actors In their campaign to make
the managers pay them for Sunday per
formances and holiday matinees caused
six attractions that rah last night to
limp somewhat through having casta
that were Improvised hastily. Other
features of a day in which actors and
managers put on more real drama off
the stage than many of thorn can ever
boast of having presented behind the
footlights were:
The picketing of Forty-second street
and several of the theatres by the actors,
featuring Ed Wynn In short steps and
short white pants.
The determination of the managers
to "carry on,'.' and preparations by them
to reopen all their shows as soon as
possible with cams recruited from the
four corners of Longacre Square.
The Inauguration by the actors of a
finance committee, wltli the possibility
of an assessment of all members taking
come of the charm out of the strike.
The terrific slump at the theatre ticket
agencies, so that their business wasted
away 75 per pent.
Various gatherings of actors on the
streets, one of which resulted In the ar
rest of eight performers, thus making
the strike a regulation labor affair.
The houses and shows which closed
on1 the night before but were given new
I'fe by the managers yesterday were:
Forty-fourth Street. Shubert CJale
tles of 1919" ; Selwyn. "The Challenge."
and Cohan & Harris, "The Royal
Vagabond." In addition to these the fol
lowing were operating with changed
oasts: Booth, "The Better 'Ole"; Winter
Garden, "Mopte Crlsto, Jr.." and New
Amsterdam, "Zlegfeld Follies." All the
other nouses maintained the status quo
of tho night before. v
Statement 1T rrodacera.
Following a meeting at the Hotel As
tor at 1 o'clock yesterday, attended by
all the producers numbering about
forty In all and an overflow meeting at
the office of their president. Sam Harris,
tho following statement was Issued:
"At the meeting of the Producing
Managers Association held yesterday
afternoon In the Astor Hotel It waa
agreed to continue performances In all
the theatres wherever possible and to
nil all vacancies In the companies with
actors engaged to replace those who
walked out on Thursday evening.
"A resolution was unanimously adopt,
ed In which It was clearly stated that
the Producing Managers Association
goes on record as not being in any sense
opposed to organised labor.
Colby lo Brlnar Suits.
"Balnbridge Colby, counsel for the
Producing Managers Association, waa
Instructed to bring suit against the
Actors Equity Association and all actors
who are under contract to the managers
and who went out on strike, thereby dis
regarding their written agreement as
contained In those contracts.
"A point was made that almost In
every instance where an actor refused
to play the engagement had been made
with him under an Actors Equity con
tract signed by him and the "manager
prior to the time that the present diffi
culties arose. The managers aver that
such action on the part of the actors
who had already signed contracts clearly
indicates that a state of irresponsibility
exists at the present time which would
, (.Continued on Last Pat.)
Rumania's Action, Unless
Altered Soon, Will Pre
cipitate Crisis.
Effort to Reestablish a Ilaps
bnrg Monarchy Now
Staff Comtporulent of The 8 ex.
CoptrigM, 1SU; alt rtghtt nnrvti.
Pakis, Aug. 8. The nekt twenty
four hours. It is behoved here, will de
termine whether the Peace. Conference
Is to have Its mandates flouted further
by the Rumanians and to become al
most a derision In the eyes of Europe,
now seething with strango and con
flicting social currents unloosed by the
war, or whether accord is to prevail
again and Its authority to readjust
the affairs of the wodd is to be re
established. Tho new Hungarian Government
sent its first communication to the
Peace Conference to-day; a note was
received this evening by Premier
Clomenceau signed by Archduke Jo
seph, announcing that he had taken'
over the Magyar Government for
mally nnd outlining the programme of
tho new ministry. He asks that Hun
gary be allowed to participate in the"
peace negotiations In Paris. Following
Is the Archduke's programme:
First; The immediate execution
of the original armistice clauses.
Second A declaration of open
war on Bolshevism In any form.
Third The resumption of produc
tion throughout the country.
Fourth Immediate convocation
of a constituent assembly and prep
aration for elections on democratic
Fifth Establishment of closer
relations with the Allies.
The Archduke outlines as one of the
essentials to the restoration of order
In Hungary her admittance without
delay to the Peace Conference. He
expresses the hope that tho Allies will
aid the new Government to restore the
country to normal conditions.
There are wild reports that the Ho
henrollem King of Rumania is aiming
to unite Rumania and Hungary under
his crown, and that the Archduke Jo
seph is a party to this scheme, but
thesq are not credited by the Ameri
cans. May Enthrone Monarch.
It would surprise no one, however,
to see the Archduke's Government at
tempt to reestablish a Hungarian mon
archy. The two salient features of the Hun
garian situation here are, first, that to
reestahltnh th. niithm-l. r v. - ti. ...
-Conference the Americans and British
are trying reverlahly to use the moral
and economic weapons on the Ruma
nians, wnicn, unaer tne Wilson-Cecil
conception of the League of Nations,
wero aunDosed tn Km all mmWhI
cits, and, second, that the Paris confer
ence aireaay is functioning as virtually
the executive council of the League but
ln thus functioning it Is torn by diverg
ing ylews.
This la causing a wave of pessimism
hero in circles hitherto friendly to the
League Idea regarding the ability of that
body to preserve world peace.
European intrigue of all kinds, new to
the Americans, Is coming to the surface.
TTntlMri tn tta vivl t h lm -lr..,
" . - It-Ull. bciii
to be struggling to find themselves. The
stoppage not only of food but of credits
iu xiunaury represents a use or me eco-
cans, for while It la applied to Hungary
It ra 1 1 V I nlmftrl at t h numaHlnn.
The explanation of this action Is that
u is useless to pour iooa inio Hungary
on one side to ,have It removed by the
Rumanians on the other.
Hoover Qoei to Vienna.
Meanwhile Herbert Hoover, the Food
Controller, has gone to Vienna to exert
what moral pressure he can and also to
display the economic weapon at close
range. The Rumanians now are gather
ing a great harvest, and are assured of
an ample food supply for many months.
They feel economically Independent for
the time being of America, and assert
that If the United States tries to apply
any kind of pressure they can turn to
the Germans.
Equally futile seems to be tle moral
appeal because morally they refuse to
subscribe to the same view of their ac
tions as that taken by the Peace Con
ference, asserting rather that their con
duct, Is fully Justified. The reply In
American circles to-day was to threaten
economlo vengeance by the United States
six months hence, when the Rumanians
would And that they needed her assist
ance financially.
No one can tell yet to what the pres
ent situation may lead, but that It has
given a grtat shock to the advocates of
the League of Nations Is unquestioned.
On alV Rides the question Is being asked
It the Peace Conference, which Is sup
posed to represent the world's great
moral and economlo forces, not only Is
unable to compel obedience by the small
nations occupying the breeding place of
Europe's wars, but finds difficulty in
preserving accord In Its own councils,
Continued on Fourth Pagf.
Palmer in Full Accord
With Wilson's Plans
Sptdal Dtt patch to Thi Sox.
yASniNGTON, Aug.
he was leaving the House oi
Representatives after the address
by President Wilson to-day, A.
Mitchell Palmer, Attorney-Gen.
eral, said:
I am in full accord with
tho programme outlined by
the President. It is one of
tho best things he ever did
and will give hope and com
fort to the people.
Subpoenas Served on Ware
houses Hero in Effort to
End Hoarding.
Plans Rushed for Sale of Army
Food in This City on
. Monday Week.
Every cold storage warehouse In
Manhattan and Tho Bronx received a
subpoena yesterday calling for imme
diate information concerning the
stocks of perlshablo food on hand to
determines whether tho hoarding pro
visions of the Government food con
trol law aro being .violated. Similar
subpoenas will bo issued soon to ware
houses containing non-perlshab'.o food.
Accompanying the subpoena was the
following letter from Francis G. Caf
fcy. United ( States Attorney for the
Southern District o'f New York:
"The accompanying subpotna colls
for tho production of certain docu
ments and papers In your possession
before the Federal Grand Jury August
12, 1919. It Is desired to secure
promptly all tho data from which Jt
may bo determined whether or not
thero exist violations of the hoarding
provisions of the food control law.
"It would facilitate tho Grand iJury
and also this office and perhaps your
concern If you could have the Informa
tion called for In the subpoena and such
additional Information as In your opin
ion has a bearing thereon tabulated and
forwarded Immediately to this office.
"Data not covered by the Information
you so furnish can thereafter be called
for at the convenience of the Grand
Jury. If you comply with this sugges
tion It will not be necessary for the
present to produce your original rec
ords. "I am counting on your cooperation
In assisting this office to arrive at the
facts in connection with the food situ
ation." Demands Are Detailed.
Mr. Caffey said the subpoenas call for
the production of all records and Infor
mation covering the following matters :
1. A list of food products of all kinds
In custody or control of the -warehouses,
stating the quanlty of each lot.
2. The names and addresses of the
owners of each lot of food and the date
each' separate lot was received or ac
quired. S. Copies of all contracts covering the
food In custody or control of the ware
houses. 4. Contracts covering food products to
be acquired by the warehouses.
C. An estimate of the quantity of each
class of food required to supply the nor
mal, trade of each warehouse for one
This action la taken as the first move
here In the Government's nationwide
fight against food profiteers. It follows
Instructions received from Attorney-General
A. Mitchell Palmer by the Southern
and Eastern districts of New Tork on
Thursday to prosecute all persons charged
with hoarding.
In the Eastern district, which Includes
all of Lqng Island, United States Attor
ney James D. Bell began an Investigation
of the refrigerating plants In Brooklyn.
He ordered Marshall James M. Power to
assist him In securing evidence ot viola
tion of the food law. The maximum
penalty for hoarding Is two years in
prison and $5,000 fine.
Agents of the Department ot Justice
visited the cold storage warehouses In
Brooklyn yesterday to discover If any
food In storage Is being' kept beyond the
time limit fixed by law. Attorney Bell
also has requested the Police Commis
sioner to aid him In prosecuting the
profiteers. Thus far no cases have been
Flan Army Food Sale.
Conferences were held yesterday by
Commissioner of Markets Jonathan C.
Day and his deputies to arrange the
distribution of the army food that will
be put on sale here a week from Mon
day. Although every section of the city
will have an opportunity to sample the
army supplies, the greater part will be
sold in school houses located in the
poorer districts.
Bloomlngdale Brothers, Third avenue
and Fifty-ninth street, have written to
tho Department ot Markets offering the
use ot their store as a distributing point
for city food sales.
Government agents checking the food
stored in Newark cold storage plants
yesterday found 1,088,000 pounds of
beef, 660,000 dozen eggs, BSO.OOO pounds
of butter and 450,000 pounds ot .cheese.
They are now checking up the normal
business of these plants to determine
whether they are overstocked,
" 3s
Say That Without Restric
tions Bread Grain Would
Be $6 a Bushel.
i ...
Charge Grading Frauds Have
Cut $2;26 to $1.18 on
Some Farms.
Special Detpatek to Tbc Sen.
Washington, Aug. 8. Agricultural
producers and workers to-day got Into
the fight for higher wages and higher'
prices for their products. They pro
pose that their case shall not bo lost
sight of while organized labor keeps
tho attention of the nation with de
mands for more wages or for lower
living costs.
Restoration of the law of supply and
demand to unrestricted operation is
tho basis of the farmers' demands.
They wish tho United States "Grain
Corporation to be abolished and tho
$2.26 guarantee on wheat onded, being
positive that that guaranteo has
served to fix a maximum price rather
than to insure a minimum. Likewise
they want tho food control law' re
pealed forthwith.
"If there had been no restrictions on
the price of wheat1 it would have gone
to IS or 16 a bushel," T. C. Atkeson.
representing the National Grange, de
clared. "We want -no price fixing of
any kind, no limitations or restrictions
on Importivor exports. The present
guaraateed price la really not glvlng'the
farmers more than an average of 11.60
a bushel at their -primary marketing
points. The restriction Is robbing us of
a round billion dollars on this year's
."iou consider that If there were noi
fixed and guaranteed price' on wheat the
farmer would get more for Itf asked
Senator Gronna (North Dakota).
"Certainly,"' Mr. Atkeson replied, "we
are willing to take our chances It you
will Just remove the restrictlona."
"Thxre la going to be a good deal of
propaganda on this subject, but it will
be the honest kind," declared Chairman
Lyman of the National Board of Farm
Organizations. "We are going to cor-,
rect the too prevalent Idea of tho urban
communities about the farmers' share
In the high prices that the consuming
public pays."
Senator Gronna declared that the
price guaranteed Is neutralized by
frauds perpetrated against the farmer.
In the process of grading wheat. Much
of the wheat this year Is graded very
low and farmers are getting as llttlo
as 11.13 a bushel for It. Tet that same
wheat Is merely light and when ground
Into flour produces as good, an article
as If It graded high. The flour always
sells Just as high no matter what grade
Is put on the wheat, ho Bald.
The Immediate repeal of the )2.!l
guarantee on wheat will be called for
by a bill which Senator Norrts (Neb.)
will introduce at once. It will have the
support of substantially all the Senators
from the wheat States. The agricultural
Senators are fully in sympathy with the
demands of the farmers for an end to
restrictions,- Mr. Gronna announced
that In a few days he will make a pub
lic statement on the whole subject.
North Star From Boston Hits
Stcften Island Man Hurt.
Boston, Aug. 8. The Eastern Steam
Mr. liner North Htnr. whlrh tft ttm
ton for Yarmouth, N. S yesterday with
zsu passengers, weni agrouna in a thick
tog on Green Island, nine miles south
of Yarmouth, at 6:1Q. A. M, to-day.
The removal of her passengers, 280 In
all, and their transfer to Yarmouth were
accomplished without accident and at
11 :30 It was announced that all had
HAurax, Cs. 8.. Aug. 8. Capt S trout,
of .the steamship North Star, which,
struck on Green Island, off Yarmouth,
to-day, reported upon being landed with
his crew that the steamer had been
abandoned. The only person Injured
was Capt Thomas H, Anderson, of Snug
Harbor, Staten Island. N. Y who was
severely bruised and cut
Former Berlin Police Chief Ira.
mnne From Arrest.
By (As Aitociattd Prut.
Berlin, Aug. 7 (delayed), Former
Tollce President Elchhorn, against whom
Indictments are pending, appeared sud
denly In the National Assembly at Wet
mar this afternoon. He waa elected a
member of the body at the first elec
tion before his career a-s Police Presi
dent developed.
Elchhorn, who has been a fugitive
from' Justice for months, was able to
appear In the Assembly because of the
Immunity automatically granted to the
members ot It, ha never having been
formally expelled.
President Wilson's Address
to the joint session ot Congress to
'Ctejittemen of the Conorcf.
r have Bought this opportunity
"to, address you because it lb clearly
my duty to call your attention to
the present cost of living and to
urge upon you with all the oer
suaslve force of which I am
capable the legislative measures
.which would be most effective In
controlling It and bringing it
The prices the people of this
country are paying for everything
that it is' necessary for them to
use tr order to live aro not Justi
fied by a shortage In supply, either
present or prospective, and are In
many cases artificially and delib
erately' created by vicious prac'
1rceswhlch ought immediately to
bo checked i by law.
-They constitute a burden upon
us-'Which is the more unbearable
because we know that It Is wil
fully Imposed by those who have
the power, and that it can, by
vigorous public, action, be greatly
lightened and made to square -with
the actual -conditions of supply and
demand. Some of the methods by
which these prices are produced
are already illegal, some of them
criminal, and those who employ
them will be energetically pro
ceeded against: but others have
not yet been brought Tinder the
law and should be dealt with at
onco by legislation.
I need not .recite the particu
lars of this critical matter. The
prices demanded and' paid at the
sources of supply, at the factory.
In the food markets,' at the shops,
in the restaurants and hotels, are
alike in the city and In the village.
They are familiar to you. They
are the talk of every domesUc cir
cle and of every group of casual
acquaintances even. ,
It Is matter of familiar knowl
edge, also, that a process has set
in which is likely, unless some
thing is done, to push prices and'
rents and the whole cost of living
higher and yet' higher in vicious
tlrclo to which there is no logical
or natural end. '
Increased Wages Asked.
With the Increase in tho prices
of the necessaries of life come de
mands for Increases tn wages de
mands which are Justified If .thero
be, no other means of enabling
men to live. Upon tho Increase of
wages there follows close an in
crease in the price of the products
whose producers have, been ac
corded the lncreaa. not a propor
tionate Increase, for the manu
facturer d5?S not content himself
with that put an Increase con
siderably greater than the added
wage cost, and for which the
added wage cost is oftentimes
hardly more than an excuse.
The laborers who do not get an
Increase in pay when they demand
it are likely to strike, and the
strike only makes matters worse. It
checks production. If it affects
the railways. It prevents distribu
tion and strips the markets, so
that there is presently nothing to
buy, and there Is another excessive
addition to prices resulting from
the scarcity.
These are facts and forces with
which wo have become 'only too
.familiar; but we are not Justified,
because of our familiarity with
them or because ot any hasty and
shallow conclusion that they are
"natural" and inevitable, In sit
ting inactively by and letting thorn
work their fatal results It there is
anything that we can do to check,
correct or reverso them. I have
sought this opportunity to Inform
the Congress what the Executive
is' doing by way of remedy 'and
control, and to suggest where ef
fective legal remedies are lacking
and may be supplied.
We must, I think, frankly admit
that there Is no -complete. Immedi
ate remedy to be. had from legisla
tion .and executive action. The.
free processes of supply and de
mand will not operate of them
selves and no legislative or ex
ecutive action can force them Into
full and natural operation until
there is peace.
World Waltlnar (or Pence.
There' is now neither peace nor
war. All tha world is waiting
with what unnerving fears and
haunting doubts who can ade
quately say? waiting to know
when It comes; a peatw In which
each nation, shall make shift for
Itself as it can, or a peace but
tressed and supported by the will
and concert of the nations that
have the purpose and the power
to do and to enforce what Is right.
Politically, economically, socially
the world Is on. the operating table,
and it has not been possible to ad
minister any nnres'thetlc. It is
conscious. It oven watches the
capital operation upon which it
knows that Its hope of heaUhful
life depends. It cannot think Us
business out or mike plans or give
intelligent and provident direction
to its affairs white in such a case.
Where, there Is no peace of mind
there can be 'no energy In en
deavor. There can be no confidence
In Industry, no calculable basis for
credits, no confident buying or
systematic selling, no certain pros
pelt of employment, no normal
restoration of business, no .hopeful
his address on the high cost ot living
day, President Wilson said:
attempt at reconstruction or the
proper reassembling of the dislo
cated olements of enterprise until
peace has been established and, so
far as may be, guaranteed. ,
Our national life has no doubt
been less radically disturbed and
dismembered than the national .
life of other peoples whom the
war more directly affected, with
all Its terrible ravaging arid de
structive force, but it has been,
nevertheless, profoundly affected
and disarranged, and our Indus-,
tries, our credits, our productive
capacity, our economic processes
are inextricably interwoven with
those of other nations and peoples
most intimately of all with the
nations and peoples upon whom
the chlLf burden and confusion of
the war 'fell, and who are now
most .dependent upon the cooper
ative action of the world. j
Exports Setting- Record.
Wo ore Just now shipping more
goods out of our ports to foreign
markets than we over shipped be
fore not foodstuffs merely but
stuffs and materials of every sort-;
but this is no index of what our
foreign sales will continue to be,
or of the effect the volume of our
exports will have on supplies and
It is impossible yet to predict
how far or how long foreign pur
chasers will be able to And the
money or the credit to pay for or
sustain such purchases on.such a
scale; how soon or to what extent
foreign manufacturers can resume
their former production, foreign
farmers get their accustomed
crops from their own fields, foreign
mines resume their former output;
foreign merchants set up again
their old machinery of trade with
the ends of the earth.
All these things must remain
uncertain until peace Is estab
lished and the nations of the
world have concerted tho meth
ods by' which ttormal Hf' ftnii jnr
dustry are- to be' restored. All
that we shall do, In the meantime,
to restrain profiteering and put
tho life of our people upon a tol
erable footing will be makeshift
and provisional.
There can be no settled condi
tions hero or elsewhere until the
treaty of peace Is out of the way
arid the work of liquidating tho
war has become the chief concern
of our Government and .of the
other governments of tha world.
Until then business will inevitably
remain speculative and sway now
this way and again that, with
heavy losses or heavy gains as It
may chance, and the consumer
must take care ot both the gains
and the losses. There can be no
peace prices su long as our whole
financial and economic system is
on a war basis.
, Knrope Looks to Vu.
Europe will not, cannot recoup
her capital or put her restless,
distracted peoples to work until
she knows exactly where she
stands In respect of peace; and
what we will do Is for her the
chief question upon which her
quietude of mind and confidence
of purpose depend. While thero
is any possibility that the peace
terms may be changed or may be
held long In abeyance or may not
be enforced because of divisions
of opinion among the Powers as
sociated against Germany It Is
idle to look for permanent relief.
But what wo can do we should
do, and should do at once. And
there Is a great deal that we can
do, provisional though It be. Wheat
shipments and credits to facilitate
the purchase of our wheat can
and will be limited and controlled
tn such a way aa not to raise but
rather to lower the price of flour
here. The Government has the
power, within certain limits, to
regulate that.
We cannot deny wheat to for
eign peoples who ore In dlro need
of It, and we do not wish to do so;
but fortunately, though, the wheat
crop is not what wo hoped it would
be, it is abundant it handled with
provident care. The price of wheat
Is lower tn the United States than
In Europe and can with proper
management be kept mo.
By way of Immediate relief, sur
plus stocks of both food and cloth
ing in the hands of the Govern
ment will be sold, and, of course,
sold at prices at which there is
no profit.
And by way of a more perma
nent correction of prices surplus
stocks In private hands will be
drawn out ot storage and put upon
the market. Fortunately, under
the terms of the food control act
the hoarding of foodstuffs can be
checked and prevented; and they
will be, with the greatest energy.
Hoardlnir Can He ICnded,
Foodstuffs can be drawn out of
storage and sold by legal action
which the Department of Justice
will institute wherever necessary;
but so soon as the situation Is
systematically dealt with It Is not
lely that the courts will often
nave to be resorted to. Much of
tho accumulating of stocks has no
doubt been due to the fort of
speculation which always results
donlinutd on Second Pap.
President Sees Interference
With Production as
Fatal Error.
"No Threats," He Says, as
Rail Men Are Told to
. . Avoid Crisis.
Retailers Get Part of Blame
for High Prices Sales
Plan Outlined.
Special Vupatch to Tne Sck.
.WasiIisgton, Aug. ,8. President
W(Ison went before Congress In joint
session tb-day and ' recommended
specific measures of legislation with
which (o deal with tho present ncutc
problem of living costs. His actual
recommendations for legislative ac
tion are summed up ns follows :
Extension of the food control
act both ns to time and the
commodities to which It shall
2 A lnw regulating cold storage
patterned after the cold stor
age, lnw of New Jersey, limiting
the time foods may be kept In
storage, prescribing tho methods
of disposal, and requiring that
goods released, shall bear the dote
of their receipt.
A law requiring that nil goods
destined for Interstate ship
ment have plainly marked upon the
package the price received when
they left he hands of the pro
ducer. v ,
A law requiring Federal li
cense, providing, conditions to
insure competitive selling, and pre
venting profiteering In methods of
EJ A law to check frndulcnt
" methods of promotion through
Government control of security Is
sues. In addition to these recommenda
tions to the Congress the President
made n direct appeal to producers,
middlemen nnd merchants "to deal
fairly with the people," nnd to every
householder nnd housekeeper In the
land to exercise the most thoughtful
care nnd discrimination In marketing
and dealing with merchants.
Strikes Called Menace.
The threatening and ominous nttl
tude of the employees of the rrtll
ronds, as their actions directly nfCect
living costs, were dealt with too by
the President In his address. Ho de
clared It to be his belief that "the
more extreme leaders of organized
labor" eventually will "think and act
llko true Americans." Strikes now,
he onld, will make matters much
worse and accomplish nothing. The
President declared with emphasis that
"the most fatal thing that can bo
done now Is to stop or interrupt pro
duction or Interfere with the distribu
tion of goods by tho railways nn I
shipping of the country. "Unity, not
division, is the only hope of solving
the question," Mr. Wilson declared.
Mr. Wilson's allusions to tho labor
situation, nnd his tnud toward It,
were heartily cheered by Republicans
nnd Democrats alike.
"There must be no threats," tho
President declared, and the Congress
applauded vigorously. He virtually
repeated what he said in his letter to
Walker D. HInea, Director-General of
Rnllroads, made public Inst night.
Retailers hove In many caJc.i been
lu large part responsible for exorbi
tant prices too, tho President de
clared. Whllo appealing for tho forms of
legislative aid enumerated tho Tri
dent declared there is no complete
remedy available through IcgHlatlvo
nnd executive action, nnd then man
aged to mako a plea for early ratifi
cation of thij peace treaty, with the
I-cague of Nations embodied In It, as
the panacea for the high cost of liv
ing situation nnd practically all other
nntlonnl ailments.
I.eauue lMea Amasea All,
This part of his address to-day nc
tnally nmazed Congress, even the
President's blindest and most ardent
Tho President's reception at the
Capitol was cordial. Republicans
and Democrats were keenly Interested
nnd road)' to cooperate lu any sound
plan tho President might advunco to
deal with the living cost problem, re
garded as by far the most Important
question to b solved hy the agencies

xml | txt