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2 n THE SUN, SATURDAY, -AUGUST 9, i919. of tho Gbvcrnmcnt or otherwise. His recommendations for .specific legisla tive nttlon nnd his outline of what tho. executive branch of tho Govern ment plans, to do were received with approval. Ills discussion of tho labor situation as linked up with the living coat problem received a cordial re ception. On two main points tho adverso opinion In Congress developed. Tho first was tbo dragging In of tho Lenguo of Nations question, with the , assuranco that this, aloho could per manently euro tho sores on the body politic. The second was that tho agencies long In existence) for tho checking of hoarding and profiteering,. restated by the President In hts speech, havo not been utilized until now, apparently, for any purpose whatever. Senators and Representa tives arc still unable to understand why tho President has failed to ln voko the power of these statute until actually 'forced to by nn acute crisis. In this connection, and In view of tho President's long absence from his post of duty, thero was active re sentment evident when tho President said, "Wo havo ,just fully awakened to what has been going on and to tho Influences,, many of them very selfish and sinister, that havo been produc ing high prices and Imposing an In tolerable burden on tho mass of our people." Tho uso of tho pronoun "wo" Infuriated somo members of both branches of Congress. Needed Quorum Appear, a Tho rumor .of threat to mako tho point of "no quorum" and thus wreck; the programme of having tho President nddrcss the Joint session at 4 o'clock did not develop seriously. However, when the House met at noon Representative Blanton (Tex.) obtained recognition and declared that as long as the President was coming there, at least a quorum of tho House should hear him. Ho made tho point of order that a quorum was not present then, whereupon Repre sentative Mondell (Wyo.) moved .1 call of the House. Tho roll call disclosed that 223 members answered to their names, Just seven more than a quorum. Then Mr. Blanton turned to other matters, and an agreement was made for the House to recess from 2 o'clock until 4 o'clock, nnd this was dono without further trouble. With tho exception of tho execu tive and diplomatic galleries all of tho galleries were crowded to. see the President and hear him talk. Throughout his long address, how ever, thero was not oven tho enthu siasm In the galleries that was dis played on the floor. The spectators sat silent, Interested but not demon strative. Only occasional ripples of applause In tlmo with tfle voicing of approval on tho floor of certain parts of tho speech was noticeable. Tho usual crowd outside of the Capitol, unablo to secure the prized tickets of admission to the galleries, watched the Prcsldeut as .he drove up, nn-i. waited natientlv- for almost an hour untlf he emerged, to gain ano'Hnf Fight of him. Hundreds of them were disappointed, however, as he left by another entrance, after having en tered tho House wing door. N. Y. LIVING INQUIRY PLANS ARE READY Vastly Greater Amount of Food Stored Than Year Ago. Special DetpatcK to Tn Sex. Albant, Aug-. 8. The high coat ot ;Hvlng Investigation to be conducted for Governor Smith by Martin H. Glynn and Dr. John IL Flnley was outlined to-day, tut nothing will be announced until the .Commissioners get the Governor's ap proval to their plans Monday, when he is to return from a fishing trip. Governor Smith received a telegram .from T. C. Morse, Assistant Director of Food Sales at Washington, stating that further sales of army foods stored In the big government warehouses In 'Schenectady have been stopped bocauso this State already has had Us 'quota. Food Is being shipped from tho 'are house to other States. Dr. Eugene H. Porter, State Commis sioner of the Department of Foods and Markets, is In Washington trying to get more of the army food for New York -cities. The fitato Department of Foods and Markets Issued a statement to-day showing that sixty-one. cold storage warehouses ,in .tola State Jiave stored many millions of' c.ountls more .food stuffs this year than' they contained on July 1. The report shows 18,685,803 pounds of creamery butter In storage on July 1, compared to about eleven million pounds a year before. The cheese stored Jhls year shows on. Increase of nearly 4,000,000 pounds over last year. There was a tremendous Increase fn the amount of beef in storage, the re port showing 37,790,830 pounds this year to 20,782,727 last year. There was only half as much lard .In storage on July 1 this year as last year, and a slight decrease In the amount of pickled and salt pork but the amount of frozen pork stored this year was more than double last year's total, reaching 6,928,455 pounds. A year ago there was only 227,000 pounds of frozen lamb and mutton stor ed. 'This year there was 3,089,618 pounds In storage. Another big Increase this year Is In 'the amount of broilers, roasters, fowls, turkeys and miscellaneous poultry torta, the total being 12,344,000 pounds .compared to 3,875,000 pounds a year .ago. WHEAT BOARD TO ORGANIZE. "Will Arrantre for Sale of Canadian Crop. By a Staff Corretpondent of Tns So. Ottawa. Aug. 8. The Canadian wheat board will meet for organization In a few days to arrange for the handling and disposal of the season's wheat crop ,nd decldo on the cash payment on de livery for wheat. The board consists of James Stewart of Winnipeg, chairman : W. A. Matheson, Wlnntpeg;!!. W. Wood, Carstalrs. Al berta; W. A. Black, (Montreal: N. t,. Patterson, Fort William: W. U. Best, Ottawa ; F. O. Fowler. Winnipeg; C. B. 1Vatts, Toronto ; W. H. MoWllllam, Win. . "i. " quintal. Montreal: Col. izer, Durford, and F. W. niddell, Ttegino, i CONGRESS DIVIDED ON WILSON SPEECH Republicans Dlsllko Linking of Lenguo "With Living , Cost Issue. REFUSE TO. BE DIVERTED Democrats Praiso Tresidont's Stand; Seo Hopo of Bene ficial Actipn. Special Deipatch to Tns .So. . Washington, Aug. 8. Few addresses of PresldenCwilson have provoked such a. flood of variable comment as that .de livered In the House of Representatives to-day. The various subjects with which the President dealt all save opportunity for legislators to Indulge In praise and blamo. Generally speaking the Republicans of both Houses resented the President's Intrusion of the plea for early ratifica tion of the peace pact and his league covenant in an address dealing with so critical and vital oi domestic? question as the cost of living. But this had been predicted as the forthcoming burden of the President's plea, and in this the lead era of neither side were disappointed. The point on which members of both Houses united In praise of the President, with the exception of here and there a labor member of one party or the other, was his denunciation of coercive tactics. His argument that controlled markets might well become Oj permanent policy was not well received by the Republi cans, and the Democrats avoided com ment on this phase of tha message. Senator Lodge (Mass.), Republican leader, said: "In regard to the artificial and extor tionate prices tor the necessaries of life think the President made some very good and practical suggestions, and I am sure Congress will deal with them at once. All that he said In regard to the labor situation was of a general character, but I agree with the Intention conveyed by these general statements and trust they wilt be put Into practice. Soys Peace Is Here. "The purpose of Introducing the ques tion of the treaty was obvious. We are at peace wllh Germany as a matter of fact We are trading with Germany as a matter of fact. It is highly desirable that the treaty of peace with Germany should be ratified ae soon as possible, and that Is the desire of the Senate without, regard to party. The wrong done to China In the case of Shantung Is all that would delay the treaty if the league of Nations load not been fas tened onto It." SenRtor Brandegee (Conn.) said: "The President has taken an unfair advan tage of the high cost of living Issue and Is endeavoring to use It to force through the League of Nations. If the President Is so anxious for peace as he professes let him agree to a reservation by the Senate providing that the United States does not consider itself obligated to that section of the peace treaty which ac cepts the League of Nations covenant. The Senate, In my opinion. Is willing to cooperate wjth the President In every way to reduce the co'rt of living, but it wilt not be stampeded into ratification of the peace treaty without arasuc Aroeri- 1 reservations. K.ftt'-'-Hts Kxcressed view thatf price reduc tions and price stabilisation cannot be brought about until peace Is at hand may be all very well, but If he thinks thoy are dependent on the ratification of the league covenant he Is greatly mis taken. His statements regarding coer clon are of a sort which all can accept. He Is of codree speaking of this In the abstract, for I don't believe he has any Idea of changing his own practices In this respect. The rest of the address Is made up of platitudes and truisms which every child On the other hand the Administration view was put forward by Senator Hitch cock, who said: "I am enthusiastic about It. There was something In It that everybody applauded. I believe It will be effective. Personally I was par ticularly Interested In what he said about the necessity of ratifying the peace treaty before wo can get down to settled economic conditions. I believe It will have the effect of speeding up the ratifi cation of the treaty." Senator Hitchcock raid he expected the treaty to be out of the Foreign Re lations Committee in less than three weeks. All Against Coercion. With here and there an exception the comment of the Republican Senator; showed a mild acceptation of the Presi dent's pronouncement against coercion by union labor and of the justification of the possible need for the reemploy ment of such agencies as the Food and Fuel administrations as measures ot temporary expediency. The following are the expressions of Republican lead ers: Senator Nelson (Minn.): "The Presi dent's address contained many glitter ing generalities, but most ot his recom mendations were good. I agree with much that he said and shall assist in putting some of his recommendations Into law." Senator Watson (Ind.) : "I am In thor ough accord with the last part of the President's message dealing with strikes and threats of strikes, and particularly on the railroads. Unless there Is an ab solute necessity that can be met In no other way I should not approve his sug gestion for extension of the food control net and for putting the business ot the country under 'a licensing system.. If this Is absolutely essential It should be made only a temporary measure." Senator Harding (Ohio) : "I was very much pleased with the speech In many ways. I think the connection of the League ot Nations with It was wholly unnecessary and very far fetched." Senator Gronna (N. D.) : "So far as I am concerned the President has got all the powers he' will ever get from the Committee on Agriculture. I do not agree with him that additional legisla tion Is necessary to reach the profiteers. They can be prosecuted under the Sher man antl-truit law as being guilty of lestralnt of trade. Sentiment for Itepeal. "At a meeting this morning there seemed to be general agreement that we should repeal food control legislation lather than extend It, but It the Presi dent Is going to commandeer grain at his own price lust as though we were In war It probably will .be better to leave the guarantee bn. The President's argument that the peace' treaty should b& ratified I regard as arclub to force favorable action by tha Senate." Senator Capper (Kan.) : "I agree with tha President that many commodi ties should be subjected to a Federal licensing system, but I think we should start first' with the packers. The sug gestion that the price paid by the re taller be stamped on commodities offered for sale Is a good one, a plan that I I have advocated In .my newspaper rf or some, time, it, would prevent retailers selling shoes that thoy now pay IS and 810 pair for to tha consumer at $18 and 8S0. The capital issues nrovlalona of the President's .address Is particu larly gooa. There Is no doubt that In recent months mjlllons of dollars In Lib erty bonds have boen traded for worth less pll and mjnlng stocks and In the end the public really pays for this loss." Senator McCormlck (111.) : ('Since conditions are so bnd why did not the Attorney-General get busy sooner? They hs,ve known-that prices have been Jump ing since, last January," Senator Frellngtruysen (N. X): "I think there are certain suggestions that Congress can carry out I do not be lieve the majority of tho people desire a licensing system, although It may ap pear necessary In some instance's. The suggestion of cooperation between the various elements of producers is good, but too much Government Interference and terrorism at the present time may soriously affect the markets. If we can find the causes of profiteering they can be remedied without Government con trol." Democrats Applaud Speech. Senator Plttman (Nev.) : "The mes sage renews confidence dispels fear and appeafs to the justice' and patriotism of all Americans. He will get the support for which he appealed." Senator Walsh (Mont) ; "It was characterised by the President's remark ably clear thinking and forceful expres sion. It will undoubtedly have a steady ing Influence upon the country, much needed at this tlmo. It brought out with striking distinctness what must be apparent to every thoughtful person, that Industry In this country must go lamely until peace is proclaimed and normal conditions In Europe are restored, that it may ue in a situation to take the products of America." Senator Thomas (Col.): "The Pres ident's address was timely, temperate and appropriate. If nil the people, -merchants, manufacturers, wage earners, producers and consumers, will heed hit suggestions, keep their heads; cooperate In securing better and less turbulent conditions, 'suppress their passions and listen to reason we can and we will pass safely through the pending crisis." Senator Williams fMlnul : "The Lodges, Knoxes, et al.. will say he Is a mere wlslonary' and 'Idealist' and oreamer and his monopolistic and nrof. iteerlng enemies will still denounce him as a 'sentimentalist but his sentiment is that of the ennobled part of humanity and his dreams aro of those 'dreams which come true.'" "Justifies Confidence." Senator Gerry (R. I.): ,t'As usual the President has Justified the belief of the people In his great quality of leader ship, his speech to-day went to the heart of every difficulty and the rem edies he proposed were so practical that they will appeal to all thoughtful citi zens. Few publlo utterances are en titled to more careful study and consid eration than the address delivered to day." Senator McKellar (Tenn.) : "I think th address was admirable." Senator Owen (Okla.) : "I was de lighted at the splendid tone of the President's message. His suggestions will prove of great value If Congress and the country will vigorously act along the lines suggested." Senator Chamberlain (Ore.): "The message Is a timely warning to' the American people In Its suggestion for deliberate consideration and Judgment rather than for hasty and passionate or partisan action. There is no question that legislation against profiteering and enforcement of legislation now on the statute books will assist In relieving the situation In regard to soaring prices and the high cost of living, but as the Presi dent very forcefully suggests peace must be established before normal, con ditions can be restored." Senator Pomerene (Ohio) : "The most significant part of the message Is the warning to that class of people who come here not tor. petition for legislation, but to order It The American people are going to run this country.' And it will not submit to class dictation of any kind from any source." "Clear and Forceful." Senator Underwood. (Ala.) : "The Pres ident's message was clear, forceful, and In my opinion expressed what are the foremost thoughts In the mind of the American people." Senator Fletcher (Fla.) : "The Presi dent's message was great It will reas sure the country and go far toward set tling unrest" Senator Swanson (Va.) : "The Presi dent's address was able, eloquont and forceful. He presented- the conditions and needs of the present situation very clearly and effectively." Senator Robinson (Ark.) : "The Presi dent Is'right in Invoking the authority ot every executive department to minimize the evils of profiteering. In my Judg ment the Congress will respond promptly to his request for legislation supplement ing existing lawa" Senator King (Utah) : "It means that Sovletlsm will not dominate in the United States. It was a great Ameri can message. I have heard there was a programme to organize a great strike now, tie up the transportation system and take over the railroads. These things will not happen In view of this vigorous and fearless expression. No threats are going to affright the Gov ernment." MITCHELL APPLAUDS PRESIDENT'S PLAN Favors Reestablishment of Food Administration. John Mitchell, chairman of the State Industrial commission, who served as president of the Federal Food Board of the State during the entire lifetime of that active body, said last night the President's programme Is so comprehen sive that It Is almost Impossible to com ment on It Intelligently at such short notice. "But T have no hesitancy In saying," Mr. Mitchell added, "that in my Judg ment the reestablishment of the Federal Food Administration with wide powers to control the distribution ot food and to regulate prices, If found excessive. Is Just as necesary now as. during the war. "The whole programme, as suggested by the President, would meet the situa tion. "I am particularly Impressed with what he said regarding the hoarding ot food; that is, food hoarded in cold stor age for the purpose of getting high prices. This applies with equal force to commodities not food, held in ware houses for an advance In prices. Prices of shoes and clothing, for Instance, cer tainly are out of all proportion to the cost ot production." LIVING COST UP 71 PER CENT. Industrial Conference Board An nounces Increase Since 1014. Boston, Aug. 8. After a survey ot conditions me country over the Na tional Industrial Conference Board an nounced to-day that the cost of living for American wage earners was 71 per cent higher in July, 1919, than at the outbreak ot the world war In 1914, This was said to represent an advance of 6 per cent since March, 1919, and of 12 per cent since June, 1918. The total Increase for the five-year period on food was 85 per cent ; ie!ter, 28 per cent; clothing, 100 per cent; fuel, heat and light, 57 per cent TO DISREGARD COST IN ARMY FOOD SALE Price List for tho 18 Districts in U. S. Aro Sot by War Department. POSTMASTERS AS AGENTS Redistribution Is Going On in Preparation for Flood of Orders ExpecUd. Washington, Aug. 8. The War De partment made pubjlc to-day a complete price list on all subsistence stores avail able for sale to the publlo through the parcel post or through municipal selling agencies. Costs ot the commodities to the Gov ernment the Department said, had been disregarded entirely In fixing the prices of sale, which are materially low er than prevailing market rates. The prices quoted are f. o. b., and from storage points, In each of tha thir teen districts Into which the country Is divided for War Department subsistence purposes. The Department now Is re distributing the food supplies In the thirteen areas In order that each may have Its proportion por population of mo seventy-two articles offered for pub llo sale. The price tables Include the price per can or Individual units In each case and also the price per case or larger container. It also shows the gross weight per can and per case In order tnat tne public may arrive at the price It will have to pay by adding parcel post rates from tho nearest distributing point to the home of the consumer to tne r. o. b. prices quoted. Freight to Ha Added. Municipal selling agencies will com pute freight charges on these shipments to do aaaed to the price quoted by tho War Department On the parcels post distribution no orders will be received direct by the War Department, but only through the Post Office Department which will make requisition for the supplies by case or larger package, the postmasters in turn breaking these ship ments up Into Unit packages of a. slnglo can or several cans. Sales to municipalities at the new prices will begin as soon as the surplus property officers at the various zone supply offices and depots havo received the quotations made public to-day. Sales to Individuals through the parcels post will be Inaugurated August 18, and be fore that time all postmasters will have a price quotation list 'from which tho consumer may order. The Department emphasized that no change in the policy of sales to munici palities had been made, the only altera tion being in prices. If a municipality Is unable to buy or sell foodstuffs owing to Its charter or local laws, the Depart ment will ship to It Upon consignment subsistence stores In not lea than case or carton lots, the goods to be paid for or returned within thirty days from date of receipt Shipments of this character, however, will be made only when the Mayor or head of the local government either acta as the Federal Government's agent nnd supervises the distribution of the food or appoints some one to so act. What Prices Will He. Although only seventy-two food sta ples are enumerated in the price list the Itemized quotations owing to the variety ot packing are quite lengthy. Quota tions on some of the leading commodities are: Bacon, $4.15 per can of 17 pounds; comed beef, 55 cents for can ot 1.3 pounds; baked beans, 5 cent? for can of 1U pounds; salted corn, 10 cents per . 'i pound can; dry beans, J6.49 per 100 pounds; crackers. I and 6 cents a pound; army flour, S6 per 100 pounds: macaroni, 7 cents per 1H pounds; rolled oats, 12 cents per 2 pounds; seeded rais ins, 10 cents per pound; rice, 86.74 per hundred pounds: tomatoes, 9 cents per 2 pound can, and white corn meal, 3.50 per 100 pounds. BRITISH PROFITEERS FACE PRISON TERMS New Government Bill Pro- vides Drastic Penalties. London, Aug. 8. The Government bill providing prosecution and penalties for persons guilty of profiteering, the text of which was made public to-day, em powers the Board of Trade to Investi gate prices, costs and profits, and to investigate complaints of unreasonable profits, khether wholesale or retail. After Investigation the Board ot Trade Is authorized to declare what Is a rea sonable price and require that the article be sold at that price. In case of failure to sell articles at the price speci fied the board Is empowered to take pro ceedings against offenders before a court of summary Jurisdiction, which may Inflict penalties not exceeding a flneof 81,000 or six months' imprison ment The Board of Trade may require local authorities to establish local or other committees, to whom the board may delegate all Its powers, with a regular tlnn (n nrnvl.l. rl.ht t .1 V... . , ers from any order or decision of the local committees, and may make pro vision for the prevention of frivolous complaints. The Board of Trade may authorize local authorities under prescribed con ditions to purchase and sell any article to which the act applies. The act will continue In force tor six months unless Parliament directs otherwise. U. S. FOOD CHIEF IN ARMENIA ALARMED Fears Turks Will Start Massa cres When Troops Leave. By a Staff Correspondent of Tbs Sex. Copyright, il. all right reterxti Paws, Aug. 8. The gravity of the situation In Turkey, arising from the plan to withdraw the British troops, Is emphasized In tho news that the Amer ican food commissioner for Armenia, ap pointed by the Peace Conference, has sent an urgent communication to Pre mier Clemcnceau. as president of the conference, asking him to exert all pos sible pressure to have the British forces retained in the Caucasus and Indlcatlnr that the situation dally is becoming more serious. Great fears of wholesale Armenian massacres In the next few weeks are manifested In American quarters and appeals are being sent to the United States, to Induce Congress to take some action to forestall If possible Turkish excesses. The Young Turks apparently are profiting by the Indecision of the Allies and are seeking to foment a re bellion as well as massacres asserting that the Allies are Impotent to enforce vuo penman ' me lormer Ultoman Empire. I Wilson Would Contlnuml from Pint Page. from uncertainty. Great surpluses were accumulated because It was Impossible to foresee what the market would disclose nnd dealers, wer'o determined to bo ready for whatever might happen, as well as eager to reap the full advantage of rising prices. They will now seo the disadvantage, as well as the danger, of holding off from the new process of distribution. Borne very Interesting and sig nificant facts with regard to stccks. on hand and the rtso of prices Jn the" face of abundance havo been disclosed by tho Inquiries of tho Department of Agriculture, the Department of Labor and tho Fed eral Trade Commission. They seem to Justify tho statement that In tho caso of many necessary com modities effective means have been' found to, preyent the normal oper ation of tho law ot supply and demand. Disregarding; the surplus stocks In tho hands of tho Government, there was a greater supply of food stuffs In this country on June 1 ot this year than at the same date last year. In the combined total of a number of the most Impor tant foods In dry and cold stor age tho excess is quite 19 por cent And yit prices have risen. Tho supply of fresh eggs on hand In June pf this year, for ex ample, was greater by nearly 10 per cent, than the supply on hand at tho same tlmo last year, and yet tho wholesale price was 40 cents a dozen as against 30 cents o year ago. More and Higher FottIs. The stock of frozen fowls hid Increased more than 298 per cent, and yet the-prlco had risen also, from 84 cents per pound to 87 Si cents. The supply of cream ery butter had Increased 129 per cent and the price from 41 to 53 cents per pound. Tho supply of salt beef had been augmented 3 por cent, and tho price had gone up from 834 a barrel to 36 a barrel. Canned corn had Increased in stock nearly 92 per cent and had remained sub stantially the same in price. In a few foodstuffs tho prices had de clined, but in nothing like the pro portion in which tho supply had Increased. For example, the stock of canned tomatoes had increased 102 per cent and yet the vrlce had de clined only 25 cents per dozen cans. In some cases thero had been the usual result of an Increase of price following a decrease of supply, but in almost every Instance the In crease of price had been dispropor tionate to the decrease In stock. The Attorney.Oeneral has been making a careful study of the situ ation as a whole and of the laws that can be applied to better it and la convinced that under the stimu lation and temptation of excep tional circumstances combinations of producers and combinations of traders have been formed for the control of supplies and of prices which are clearly In restraint of trade, and against these prosecu tions will be promptly Instituted and actively pushed wmch will In all likelihood havo a prompt cor rective effect There Is' reason to believe that the prices of leather, of coal, ot lumber and of textiles have been materially affected by forms of concert and cooperation among the producers and marketers of these and other universally nec essary commodities which It will be possible to redress. Fnnili Arc Xcccasnry No watchful or energetic effort will be spared to accomplish this necessary result. I trust that there will not bo many coses in which prosecution will be neces sary. Public action will no doubt cause many who have perhaps un wittingly adopted illegal methods to abandon them promptly and ot their own motion. And publicity can accomplish a great deal. The purchaser can often take care of himself it he knows the facts and Influences he is dealing with; nnd purchasers are not disinclined to do anything, either singly or collectively, that may be necessary for their self protection. The Department of Commerce, the Department of Ag riculture, the Department of La bor and the Federal Trade Com mission can do a great deal to ward supplying the public, syste matically and at short intervals, with Information regarding the actual supply ot 'particular com modities that la in existence and available, and with regard to sup plies which are in existence but not available because of hoarding, nnd with regard to the methods of price fixing which are being used by dealers In certain foodstuffs and other necessaries. Thoro can bo little- doubt that retailers are In part sometimes In large part responsible for exorbi tant prices; and It is quite prac ticable for the Government, through the agencies I have men tioned, to supply the publlo with full Information as to the -prices at which retailers buy and as to tha costs of transportation they pay, In order that It may be known Just what margin of profit they are demanding. Opinion and con certed action on the part of pur chasers can probably do the rest That Is, those agencies may per form this indispensable service provided the Congress will supply them with the necessary funds to prosecute their Inquiries and keep their price lists up to date. Hither to the appropriation committees ot the houses have not always, I tear, seen the full value of 'these in quiries, and the departments and commissions havo been very much straitened for means to render this service. That adequate funds be provided by appropriation for this purpose, and provided as promptly as pos sible, in one of tho means of greatly ameliorating the present distressing conditions ot liveli hood that I have come to urge, in this attempt to concert with you the best ways to servo tho coun try In this emergency. It is one of the absolutely necessary means, underlying many others, and can be supplied at once. There are many other ways. Existing law Is Inadequate. There are many perfectly legitimate methods by which the Govern Stamp Cost on Cold ment can exercise restraint and guidance. Let me urge. In tho first place, that the present food control act Should be extended both as to the period of time during which It shall remain In operation and as to the commodities to which It shall apply. Its provisions against hoarding should be made lo apply not only to food but also t6 feed stuffs, to fuel, to' clothing) and to many other commodities which are Indisputably necessaries of life. As' It stands now it Is limited In operation to the period of tho war and. becomes Inoperative Upon (he formal proclamation of peace. But I should Judge that It was clearly within the constitutional power ot. tho Congress to mako similar permanent provisions and regulations with regard to' all gcoJs .destined for Interstate commerce and to exclude them from Interstate shipment If the requirements of the law are not compiled with. Borne such regulation Is Im peratively necessary. The abuses that have grown up In the manip ulation of prices by the with holding ot foodstuffs and other necsssarles. of life cannot other wise be effectively prevented. There can be no doubt ot either the necessity or the legitimacy of 'such measures. May I not call attention to the fact also that although the pres ent act prohibits profiteering, tho prohibition Is accompanied by no penalty. It Is clearly In the pub lic Interest that a penalty should bo provided which will be persua sive. To the same end I earnestly recommend. In tho second place, that the Congress pass a law reg ulating cold's to rago as It Is reg ulated, for example, by the laws of the State of New Jersey, which limit the time during which goods may be kept In storage, prescribe tho method' of disposing of them If kept beyond the permitted pe riod, and require that goods re leased from storage shall In all cases bear tho date of their re ceipt. Would Hare Trice Marked, It would materially add to the serviceability of the law, for the purpose we now have In view, If it were also prescribed that all goods released from storage for Inter state shipments should have plainly marked upon each pack age the selling or market price ,at which they went into Btorage. By this means the purchaser would' always be' able to learn what prof Its stood between him and the producer or the wholesale dealer. It would serve as a useful ex ample to the other communities of the country, as well as greatly relieve local distress. It the Con gress were to regulate all such matters very fully for the District ot Columbia, where Ha legislative authority Is without limit. I would also recommends that It be required that all goods des tined for Interstate commerce should. In every case where their form or package makes It. pos sible, be plainly marked with the price at which they left .the hands of the producer. Such. a. require ment would bear a close analogy 1 to certain provisions of the Pure Food Act by which It Is required that certain detailed Information be given on the labels of pack ages ot foods and drugs. And It does not seem to me that wo can confine ourselves to de tailed measures of this kind. If It is Indeed our purpose to assume national control of the processes of distribution. I take It for granted that that Is our purpose and our duty. Nothing less will suffice. We need not hesitate to handle a national question In a national way. Wo should go beyond the measures I have suggested. We should formulato a law requiring a Federal license of all corpora tions engaged In Interstate com merce and embodying In the license, or In the conditions un der which it Is to be Issued, spe cific regulations designed to secure competitive selling nnd prevent unconscionable profits In the method of marketing. Such a law would afford a welcome opportu nity to effect other much needed reforms In the business of inter state shipment and In the methods of corporations which ore en gaged In It; but for the moment I confine my recommendations to the object Immediately In hand, which Is to lower the cost of living. TJrires Capital Issues Bill. May I not add that there is a bill pending before tho Congress which, if passed, would do much to stop speculation and to pre vent tho fraudulent methods of promotion by which our people are annually fleeced of many millions of hard earned money. I refer to tho measure proposed, by the Capital Issues Committee for the control of security issues. It Is a measure formulated by men- who know the actual conditions of business, and Its adoption would serve a great and beneficent pur pose. We are dealing, gentlemen of the Congress, I heed hardly say, with very critical and very diffi cult matters. We should go forward with con fidence along tho road wo see, but wp should also seek to comprehend the whole of tho scene amidst which we act. There Is no ground for some of tho fearful forecasts I hear uttered about me, but the condition ot the world Is unques tionably very grave and we should face -It comprehending!-. , The situation of our own coun try Is exceptionally fortunate. We of all peoples can afford to keep our heads and to determine upon moderate' ana sensible courses of action which will Insure us against the passions and distempers which are working such deep unhappl ness for some of the distressed na tions on tho other sldo of the sea. But we may bo involved In their distresses unless we help, nnd help with energy and intelligence. x The world must pay for the ap palling destruction wrought by the grejat war, and we are part of the World. We must pay our share. For five years now the Industry of, all Europe has been slack and dis ordered; the normal crops have not been produced; the normal Storage Foods quantity of manufactured goods has not been turned out. Not until there aro tho usual crops and tho usual production pf manufactured t goods on the other sldo of the, At latlo can Europe return to tho. former conditions, and It was upon the former conditions, not the present, that -our economic rela tions with Europe were built up. We must face -the fact that' un less we help Europe to get "back to her normal Ufa and production a, chaos, will ensue thero which will Inevitably be communicated to this country. For the present It Is manifest, wo must quicken', ndt slacken, our own production.. We, and we almost alone, now hold the world steady. Upon our steadfast ness and self-possession depend the affairs of nations everywhere. Crisis for Alt Mankind. It Is In this supreme crisis this crisis for all mankind that America must prove her mettle. In the presenco of a world confused,-distracted, she. must show herself self-possessed, self-contained, capable of sober and effective Action. She saved Europe by her action In arms; she must now save It by her action In peace. .In saving Europe she will savo herself, as she did upon the battle fields of the war. The calmness nnd capacity with which sho deals with nnd masters the problems of peace will be the. final. test and proof of her place among tho peoples of the world. And If only in our own interest wo must help the people overseas. Europe Is our biggest' customer. We must keep her going 'or thou sands of our shops and scores of our mines must close. There Is no such thlrur,as letting her go to ruin without ourselves sharing In the disaster. In such circumstances, face to face with such tests, passion must be discarded. Passlqn and a dis regard for the rights of others have no place In the counsels of a free people. We need light, not heat. In these solemn times of self examination' and saving action. Thero must be no threats. Let there bo only Intelligent counsel, and let the best reasons win, not .the strongest brute force. The world has Just destroyed the arbi trary force of a military Junta. It will live under no other. All that Is arbitrary and coercive Is In tho discard. Those who seek to em ploy It only prepare their own de struction. We cannot hastily and over nlglrt revolutionize all the processes of pur economic life. Wo shall nqt attempt to do so. These ore days of deep excitement and of extrav agaht speech; but with us these aro things of tho surface. Every one who Is fn real touch, with the silent masses ot our great people knows that the old strong flbro and .steady self-control are still there. Arm against violence or any distempered action that would throw their affairs Into confusion. I am serenely confident that they will readily find themselves, no matter What the circum stances, and that, they villi addpess themselves to the- tasks of peace with thfi ,same devotion and the same." 'stalwart preference for what Is right that they displayed to the admiration of the whole world In the midst of war. Appeals to Fairness. And I entertain another confi dent hope. I have spoken to-day chiefly of measures of impera tive regulation and legal compul sion, of prosecutions and the sharp correction of selfish proc esses; and these no doubt are necessary. But there are other forces that we may count on be sides those, resident In the De partment of Justice. We have Just fully awakened to what has been going on and to the Influences, many ot them very selfish and sinister, that have been producing high prices and Imposing an Intolerable bur den on the mass of our people. To have brought It all Into tho open will accomplish the greater part of the result we seek. I appeal with entire confidence to our producers, our middlemen and our merchants to deal fairly with the people. It is their oppor tunity to show that they compre hend, that they Intend to act Just ly, and that they have tho public interest sincerely at heart. And I have no doubt that housekeepers all over the country and every one who buys the things he daily stands in need of will presently exercise a greater vigilance, a more thoughtful economy, a more discriminating caro as to the mar ket in which lie- buys or tho mer chant with whom he trades than he' has hitherto exercised. I believe too that tho more ex treme leaders of organized labor will presently yield to, a sober sec . ond thought and, like the great mass of their associates, think and act like true Americans. They will Bee that strikes under taken at this critical time are certain to mako matters worse, not bettei: worse for them and for everybody else. Mustn't Check Production. The worst thing, the most fatal thing that can. be done now Is to stop or Interrupt production or to Interfere with tho distribution of goods by the railways and the shipping of the country. We are all involved in the distressing re sult of the high cost of living and we must unite, not divide, to cor rect It There are many things that ought to be corrected In the relations between capital 'ond labor. In respect of wages and conditions of labor and other things oven more far reach ing, and I for one am ready to go Into conference about these mat ters with any group of my fellow countrymen who know what they are talking about and are willing to remedy existing conditions by frank counsel rather than by vio lent contest. No remedy is possible while men arq lu a temper, nnd there can be no settlement which does not have as its motive and standard the general Interest. Threats and un due Insistence upon the Interest of a single class make settlement Impossible. I believe, as I have hitherto had occasion to say to the Con gress, that the Industry and life One Trial Proves lis value rrv ro 1 INDIGCSTiMl 6 Bell-ans Hot water Sure Relief RELL-ANS IssafFOR INDIGESTION OMAHA WAREHOUSES qRAMMED WITH BEEF Packers' Storage Plant Vn. to Hold Meat. ablS Special Deipatch to Tbs Sck. Ouak a. Neb., Aug. 8. South Omitu packers have so much fresh and Mi. meat hoarded that their cold steran warehouses are filled and l'i00 0!i pounds of overflow meat Is padted Into publlo storage plants In this city. Other public warehouses also havo been pren. ed Into service by the packers to Uk care of a portion of their meat Swift and Company alone has almort 7,000,000 pounds of meat In a nuMi storage plant Detailed figures concerning the amount of meat In storage In Omaha wtre mti public by Assessor Counsman. Whllt tho check was made April 1, Mr. Coun man says it is safe to assume there li as much if not more meat stored tert now, than at that time. "i never naa Been so much mtit In my life as when I checked the ton,. warehouses. Other warehouses stored smaller quantities but the total wu simply amazing." The report of Assessor Counimin showed that' Swift and Company ha stored In a single publlo Warehouse la Omaha SOO.OOu pounds of beef, 10,00 pounds of cornbeef, 2.426,000 pounds of pork, 910.000 pounds ot cured pork. 1,228,000 pounds ot dry salt pork, 18,000 pounds of mutton and a miscel laneous quantity of meat estimated at 1,188,000 pounds, making a total of 8,714,000 pounds of meat held by SwL't In this one warehouse. In the same warehouse the Cudibr Packing Company had 1,400,000 pouoili of meat and Morris Packing Compaaj 2,133,000 pounds. Armour stores all surplus melts in their own storage plants. United States Attorney Allen bejan to day an Investigation of meat hoardlnr, acting under Instructions received bjr telegraph from Washington. FARMERS' MILK CO. HEADS ARE INDICTED Ohio Organization Accuttd of Conspiracy. Cleveland, Aug. 8. Indlctmenu charging violation of the Valentine anti trust law were returned to-day agnliit the president 'and elx otner officials of the Ohio ' Farmers' Cooperative Milk Company, an organization ot 5,006 farmers and dairymen, by the Cuyat hoga county special grand Jury In Its investigation ot milk conditions In this county. It W. Ingersoll. attorney nnd farmer. president of the company, and 5lx mem bers ot the sales committee of tncnly one were Indicted. The Indictment charges the men -.villi having conspired against trade and tiltti forming an unlawful combination frr the purpose of carrying out restriction In trade and commerce In milk and I creasing the price and preventlne com petition. HYLAN GETS CHANCE TO BUY 3 LINES Nixon Offers Him Municipd Ownership Opportunity. Here la a chance for Mayor Hjlanli try municipal operation of street rail ways, of which fie has talked muili. 1. Is given to him by I-ewls Nixon, rualll Service Commissioner, who lias urltfea to him the following letter . "Accompanying this letter Is a eopj of a letter -from the president of the Third Avenue RalronJ ayitem. notify ing tire commission of the company's re tention to discontinue service on the I'd ham Tark and City Island lln the Mid Crosstown line and the Third Aunui Bridge line. "Your views, ns expresesd In the pres, are that If lines flpd that they cannot operate they shall abandon them, anil the city will undertake the pervice "While undei standing, of courfe, that there were Qualifications as to sour In tentions, the commission. If you wish, will arrange a hearing on this matter so that tho expef'lency of municipal op eration may be made clear.'" Although dated on Monday, the lettti was not made public by Commissioner Nixon until last night. At that tine " had received no reply from the Mayor. In the meantime, on Thursday tti Mavor mull nnbiin his vision on W lines, In which ho declared strongly that the surface lines were out or ae n that tho city could not be hoodninM Into taking them over. Commissioner Nixon decided yester day that he had no power to prevent the company from stopping tha operai on the lines. Assistant corporation t-uuu--Devery argued that he had such powr' Commissioner Nixon gave him a w"" which to prove his contention, ii does, Commissioner Nixon 'H orlIer the company to continue the opc-Jtlon, All the lines except tne imru "-- Bridge line, which operatei over Queensboro Bridge, have stopped opera tion already. The company announce that the latter will go out ot uuu" August 31. , of our people and ot the world will suffer irreparable datnase It employers and workmen art to go on in a perpetual contest as an tagonists. They must, on one plan or another, bo effectively as sociated. Havo wo not fteadlneo and self-possession and business sense enough to work out that re sult? Undoubtedly we hac. we shall work It out, In the mean time now and in the days ot readjustment and reoureration ..... i , -. ! t ,, resort inai aro uueuu us moro and more to frank and Inti mate counsel and make ourselves great nnd triumphant by making put-selves a united force in tne lif of the world. It will not then havo looked to us for (ndersnlP In vain.