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NEW YORK, SUNDAY,- AUG.UST 10, 1919 CopvrigM, 119, tv the Bun Printing, PxMUMno Anociatlon.
74 PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS gT.! B. R. T. STRIKE ENDED, PENDING ARBITRA TION; SER VICE ON ALL LINES IS RESUMED A T ONCE; UNIONS SEEK WILSON AID FOR PLUMB PLAN VOL. LXXXVI. NO. 344, RAIL WORKERS HALT THREATS TO BSE FORCE With Congress Hostile, An nounce They Will Ask In terview With President. THINK HE FAVOBS PLAN flow Call Nationalization Proj ect "Americanization" ot Railways. Special Dtipatc to Tna 8cff. tf Washington, Autr. 9. With Con tress manifestly hostile to the plan cf organized labor for the nationaliza tion of the railroads, backers of the movement now plan to seek the ap proval of President Wilson, believing be has expressed some of their prin ciples In his addresses. The plans of the labor leaders to win executive favor wero discussed to-day- at a conference of several na tionally known men, who wero called here by labor leaders to confer on the railroad situation. After an all day executive session the statement was authorized by labor leaders that "It Is unavoidable that a meeting with tho President will be sought nt an early date, when the es sentlal principles of labor's pro gramme, the Plumb plan, will be pre sented and the state of facta outlined which lends such power to the proposal of tho, brotherhoods for the national! ration and democratization of the railroads.' P. C.IIowe Tfierer The conference was attended by Frank P. Walsh and Basil Manly, former joint chairmen ot tho War Labor Board ; Gov. Henry J, Allen of Kansas, ex-Qov. Ed ward f. Dunne of Illinois. Prpf. Edward Btmls and Frederic C. Howe of New Tork, Morris L. Cook, engineer, of Phll delphla ; J. A. II. Hopkins, chairman of the committee o"f forty-eight, and labor leaders. It was stated that the docu taenia to show there has been a sys tematized plundering of all the railroads. of thu country for private benefit, aa charptd by Qlenn E. Plumb, counsel of the workers, wero placed before the con ference. Meanwhile after a week of dark pre dictions for the future of the country nnlcts Congress Immediately adopts the Plumb plan, fifteen labor leaders Issued to-day a more optimistic forecast for the titbn. nuking the definite assertion that no violence or threats would be tued to force through the programme. The statement, however. Intimates that unless the President and Congress can mcot the request for Increased wages or bring down the cost of living labor "will have o try to find another solution." Tho leaders also now desig nate their plan aa "Americanization" of the railroads Instead pf nationalization. Tho whole tenor ot the statement Is lastly different from tho veiled threats and Intimations made by five of the leader a week ago. Tho leaders admit thoir previous Intimations that revolu tion and dark days are ahead unless the programme was adopted has lessened their prestige in Congress and the coun try. Their previous statements hae been tho subject of constant grilling by numbers of tho House Interstate. For dsn Commerce Committee all week. The attitude of the committeemen clearly in dicates that Congress cannot bo stam peded by threats. To-day's statement follows: To prevent any misunderstanding as to the policy of the organized rail road employees wo unlto In a definite assertion that we have no desire and have had none, to Impress upon the public by violence or by threat our proposal thai the railroads bo na tional under "tripartite control." Two distinctly separate considera tion!! dd'v confront the people, the a.e requirements ot the railroad tmplovees and t(U Sims bill. In 'lit matter of wages we have ubm. sed an eminently just proposi tion. a have said that if we are to continue to five as Americans should live and are to care for our families s American families should be cared for the profiteers must bo restrained and our wag. increased. Every fair minded man and every Intelligent housewife, will recognize the reason sblenesi of this request. It,Cohgress na ' ie 'resident cannot meet this fiuej u is still a living question snd wo shall hsve to try to find an other solution Tins however, bears In no way upon our sponsorship ot the Sims bill. Ve do hold to our convictions that the ralhoad employees are In no mood to consign themselves finally to the autocratic control of financial dictators, but In proposing the ellml nanon of capital and the tripartite Jiirenora'e ws havo no purpose of InH-.ndatlon. v appeal to the statesmanship or America and to the commvn sense of Ami- lean manhood and woman hood. w all are. voters and unless our democracy In government Is a ullur our democracy In Industry need not be. We believe In the native olllty or American labor. What we Continued on Xin'h Vagi. Beef Outstripped by Pork in Price Race pins table of weekly average prices of livo cattle and of live hogs in the Chicago market for last week, the previous week and corresponding weeks back to 1914, shows how tho once humble porker has, outstripped his four legged friends, the steer and the cow, in jumping the price hurdles since ths big war started: Cattle. Hogs.' Last week 916.25 $21.95 Previous week. 16.50 22.20 1918 16.80 18.80 1917 12.10 15.70 1916 ...7 9.20 9.55 1915 ........ 9.26 9.85 1914 8.75 8.50 These figures are taken from the current issue of the National Provlsiorier, official organ of tho Aclorlcan Meat Packers Associa tion. According to the American Consul at Montevideo, Uruguay, the average price paid by packers in that city for cattle in April was 6 cents per pound, a slight increase over the March price. TEN THEATRES SHUT BY STRIKE Globo Is latest AffectcrL'by Actors' Move, With 14 Open in "Finish Fight." TWO ARRESTS ARE MADE Equity Association Threatens to Go Into tho Producing Business. The actors In the battle of Broad way made :a slight gain yesterday, capturing their objective at the -Globo Theatre and causing Charles Dilling ham to ,closo "She's a Good Fellow" temporarily. This made the day's re sults on the eastern and western fronts of the great strike thorough fare total: Fourteen theatres open, ten surrendered to the strikers. The managers planned a strong "come back" next week, and as a counterattack in this theatrical war, which has now settled down to a finish fight with both sides expressing the customary .confidence In victory, the producers were figuring on throwing at least seven closed productions Into tho running again this coming week with casts recruited from non-union talent that Is now lying around loose in the city. Most of tho productions lost heavily at the matinees yesterday. the public staying away ' n pro nounced manner for fear being up rooted when the curtail' ie and dis closed. mst of the cast ig tho great strike scene But in the evening all but three of the shows did a good business, and vaudeville and largo mpvle houses did their noblo best-tii take care of the overflow diverted from tho ten houses lying under tho strike Interdict. The evening was enlivened by a sport ing event consisting of the arrest ot two of the numerous actors who distributed handbills urging support of the Actors Equity Association played a new role as pickets outside theatres and made heavy going on Broadway for mere business people.' Both arrests occurred outside the Winter Garden, Anthony Hughe of 1696 Broadway having the distinction of being the first plnchee ot the evening. Arrested In Front of Theatre. The Winter Garden was putting on Its compound of "Monte Cristo, Jr.,'' and vaudeville, with a comparatively small audience trickling in from the large crowd that taxed the good nature of three cops on the sidewalk outside when Hughe's was accused by Stanley Sharp, the house manager, of trying to prevent prospective patrons from spending their good money on trie snow, unarp sam the ptcket'called the production "a cheap burlesque" put on by "scab actors," which Hughes denied. However, he was arrested and tken to the West Forty-seventh street sta tion by William Tivoll, a private de tective, who tried to take charge of the station house until the police captain quieted him. Zter Hughes reverted to the night court, charged with disorderly conduct. Sidney Jarvls was another histrionic picket who got his name on the roll of martyrs by being thrown out ot the Win ter Garden as he tried to speak to one of the actors coming out during the per formance. He tried to bounce back Into the house from the pavement, according to three stage hands who did their best to discourage him. Sergeant Barry re layed him to the West Forty-seventh street station, charged with disorderly conduct, as a stop off en route to the Nlxht Court. It became known yesterday that the Actors' Equity Association Is planning to enter the producing field, putting on a big benefit, for the sake of their war chest In the course of a week by which time, they assert, t is will be the only production In the e.t,. outside of four Continued on Second rag. PALMER'S MEN TO SEARCH FOR AND.SEIZEFOOD Profiteers, Big and Little, "Will Face Criminal and Civl Actions. AGENTS' ORDERS GO OUT Congress .Will Got Flood of Bills To-morrow to Aid Jn Fight on nigh Costs. Special DetpatcA to Tos Sex. WASutNOTOH, Aug. 9. "Ileal action In the Department of Justice cam palgn against the high cost of living It not expected until Grand Juries are called' In the various Federal districts throughout tho country. While no or tidal statement will be made by the Department because ot the lnstruc tlons to District Attorneys to use their discretion and act on their own Initia tive, there are indications ot a number of actions, criminal and' civil. In addi tion to those to be filed against tho five big packers. In speeding up the work in tho va rious Federal districts the Attorney- General sent out Instructions to spe clal agents ot the Department to 'put aside all other tasks except thoso of the highest importance and to concon trate upon investigations of profiteer ing and food hoarding'. The Attorney-General contemplates an extensive search of food supplies In nil forms of storage and', "in transit throughout the country. Movements. ot food products are to be watched to prevent tho-'defeaf of-Investigation of "blind" thlpmunts from one locality to another of products ostensibly des tined to market. Special V. 8. Asrents to Ilelp. Special agents of the Department are Instructed to cooperate with District At torneys and United States marshals. Word has been passed out that the aid of local authorities Is also to be fioiight In efforts to ferret out hoarders and profiteers. There was widespread discussion of the President's message on the subject to-day, and when the Senate and Houso convene Monday a deluge of bills Is ex pected. These measures will be rushed to committees for action. The President's recommendations will be considered by a special committee In the Senate and they will be acted on by the Interstate Commerce and Agricul tural committees In the House. The raft of bills expected will be sent through the same committees for sifting and for the drafting of a legislative progranyiie. There Is little doubt that serious con sideration will be given In Congress to embargoes, to flour subsidy nnd other measures that were thrown out of the Administration programme. In the House Representative Mondell (Wyo.). the Republican leader, an nounced that Congress stood ready to make the further appropriations sought by President Wilson, In his address yes terday. "All appropriations found neces sary and needed will be made as soon as possible," said Mr. Mondell, qualify ing his statement with the hope that the appropriation bills would be submitted us soon as possible. Cold Storage Hearing's To-morrow. Representative Haucen (Iowa), chair man of the. House Agricultural Commit tee, announced that hearings ot) the new cold Btorage legislation, as proposed by the President, wou'.i be started Monday. The measure, according. to present plans, will limit the length of time In which food supplies and necessaries may be held In storage and will force distribu tion after a permitted period. Many members or congress are cen tring attention upon Import and export figures from the Department of Com merce showing: the Important part food stuffs have played In exports from the country In recent months. They are still convinced mat a restriction or ex ports would have an Immediate and ap preciable effect upon prices. Department ot Commerce figures show that foodstuffs formed iO per cent, of the total of 1891,000,000 of goods ex ported In June. Sixteen million bushels of wheat and 3,500,000 barrels of wheat flour were exported during the month. This was In addition to 17,000,000 bushels ot rye, 6,000,000 bushe.ls ot barley, and other grains and grain products valued at 117.000,000. One hundred and seventy-four million dollars worth of meatu and dairy prod ucts were exported the principal Items belnr 270.000.000 pounds ot uacon ana ham. 117,000,000 pounds of lard and US. 000.000 pounds of condensed milk, In addition raw material to the value of millions of dollars representing prod ucts that go Into commodities that enter Into the cost of living were exported, Mexican Bandit Chief Snrrenders, Wasjunoton, Aug. 9. President Car ranza has advised the Mexican Kmbassy here that the bandit enter Koberto jam son has, surrendered to Mexican forces In Coahulla, and that bandits )n the Ta. mesl Itlver region have .been attacked by Government, troops, which recovered Is horses and more than 200 head or cattle, some of which probably were stolen from American cmiena, Wilson. Will Discuss Living 'Cost and League of Nations in Coming Tour Sptetal Veipalch to Tns Bun. yyASHNGTON, Aug. 9,-r-Presldent Wilson will talk to the people of the United States on the high' cost of living and necessary measures to meet the menace to industrial peace and Happiness as well as the League of Nations when he starts on his tour of the country. .This tour, a swing: around the circle as far as the Pacific coast, first was scheduled for late July, and then for early August. Delay on treaty action in' the Senate and the coming of the cost of living crisis caused two postponements. It was learned to-day that the trip had not been abandoned though delayed. ' t The itinerary will remain the same, it is understood, as tho one originally prepared, providing for a trio across tho northern tier of States to the Pacific coast, down tho coast and a swing across the southern, tier back to Washington.. Details havo not been announced. Tho fact, that present plans are being made for departure late in August would indicate a belief in official circles the concrete results will be reached on the cost of living, and the railroad problem's before that date. N.Y..GETS200 CARS OF FOOD State to Receive 6,000,000 Pounds of Army Surplus to Sell. DEFINE TOST DELIVERY Municipal Orders Must Bo PI need Hero or in Sche nectady. , Special Dupatch to Tns Sex. Washington. Aug. 9. Approxi mately two, hundred carloads of the army food Which s to be put on the rnrkt &t cost to relieve fhq price, situation as much as possiblo has been nlotted to New York State. The State's quota will be distributed entirely through the municipal nnd State au thorities. Their Orders for tho food must be put In by August 16. Ordors for the food are to "bo sent to the Surplus Property officer at Now York or Schenectady, It was explained at the War Department, so that the Post Office Department may 'bo advised of the amount of food .which may be dis tributed by parcel post. Parcel post sales will "be Inaugurated August 18. If New York Slate'6 en tire quota Is bespoken by the munici pal and State authorities there ,wlll be no postal sales there. This course Anally was determined upon to-day at a tonference ot Dr. E. N. Porter, Commissioner of Foods and Markets, with Frederick B. Fos ter, secretary of the Foods and Mar kets Department of the New York State Government, and E. C. Morse, First -Director of Sales. Dr. Porter will confe Monday with New York city authorities to find out how" much of the surplus army food Is needed there. Dr. Porter and Mr. Foster were sent to Washington by G-ov. Smith. Their the meeting of Mayors of sixty cities In New York State called July 30 by the Governor. This conference was called to determine ways and means by which army surplus food could be purchased. or handled by municipalities which found themselves confronted by charter limita tions. .On the basis of 30,000 pounds to the carload New York's quota of army food would ncgrerate fi. 000,000 pounds, or less than one pound per capita. The tveragu weight of carload shipments may exceed 30.0C0 pounds, which would Increase the aggregate somewhat. The 200 carload flzure, however. Is r.ot absolute. It Is b'ised largely on esti mates, although an effort aa made by the experts of the office ot tho Director of Sales to-day to work out as accu rately as possible the aggregate quantity of food to bi allotted to New York State. Dr. Porter' Unformed Mr. Morse that provision wlll'be made to distribute food In rural communities through coopera tive buying orders. This will cover sucn communities as havo no local govern ment that can be held responsible for handling the army food. The New York allotment includes millions of cans of corned beef, roast beef, corned beef hash, beans of all sorts, corn, cherries, pine apples, peas, soups, rice, flour, aspara gus, flavoring extracts, syrup, farina, oatmeal flour, gelatine, ginger, hominy, macaroni, .condensed milk, mustard, oat meal, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, squash, sugar, tapioca, tea, cocoa and corntneal. FLIER GOES 2 MILES A.mNUTE. Latter I'rora 'Frisco's Slayor Bent Srrlftly to Hodman's Pleet. Special Dtipaich to Tax Bex. , WABlHNQTOtf. Aug. 9, Flying 610 miles through fog and clouds at a speed In excess of two miles a minute, Capt. Lowell H. Smith to-day delivered a let ter from' Mayor Rolfs of San Franclsoo, to Admiral Rodman at San Diego, ac cording to am announcement from the air service. Most of the flight, completed In 302 minutes flying time, was at an altitude ot 10,000 feet, Henry White 'Sees Clemennean, Pari, Aug. !). Henry yhlte of the American peace mission and Baron d'Estournelles de Constant, who recently returned front the United States, were received to-dy.y Premier Clemenceau. ALL BELGIUM IS. PROSPEROUS Magic, Crops Are Harvested in Northern Areas Devastated by tho "War. INDUSTRY YET CRIPPLED American Generosity Evi denced in Clothing: Supply and Canned Foods. By KAttl. II. Ton WIKGAXtJ.' Sfff Correipondrtt of Tat 8M. CopvrigU, 1911, all rtghtt referred. Tins Hague, Aug.fl (delayed). The prospect for food for 4he people of Belgium nnd northern Krooeo next winter Is excellent. A trip through .Belgium showed that oven now In once devastated country" Is well sup plied with nil manner of food, the people look prosperous and tlio wholo land Is fat with grain and food pro ducing animals. There Is no section In the United States more rich and productive than Belgium and northern Franco under normal conditions, and this year there arc bumper Crops everywhere burn use of. the effectlvo propaganda conducted throughout the war. It Is true that tho factories have been destroyed nnd Industry Is bndly crippled, but so far lis actual food is couccrned the people tire well off. Slirna of TJ. S. Generosity. All the Belgian ports show evi dences of American generosity, while the Inland towns and villages ore well stocked with ennned goods and Ameri can clothing. Within (he next six mrfntlis Belgium, will bo nble to sup- P other countries with food. accord- lug to present Indications, especially with fish, which forms n considerable portion of the people's diet. From every Prt great llshlng' fleets sail dally, returning In tho evening heavily laden, glutting tho markets. From every town and village, evert those In the ure:t devastated by the war, come great consignments of grain, fruit nnd vegetables, loading the stalls in the city market places. Tho great expanse of rich country which was flooded early In tho war hy tho opening of the sluice gates near Nleuport Is now ready for cul tivation. Far from being harmed by the submergence, It has been enriched and requires only tho clearing away of tho accumulated debris, which has taken far less time and much less money than was at first estimated. Manila Crops In Yser, In the Yser Valley, where tho Ocr ma .s and Belgians maintained their lines practically stationary for four years, crops aro springing up as if by magic, filling the dreary Inundated country with a smiling wealth of foodstuff. Gorman prisoners are working alt along the old line of battle, winding up tho old barbed wire, clearing away tho debris and making the country habitable, along with great arnjles of workmen who are transforming the desolate areas Into their former state. . These conditions promise well for the coming prosperity of Belgium. Where tho people are well fed there Is little likelihood of labor troubles, fo that It Is not surprising that west ern Europe ts so free from revolu tionary movements. There Is not a sign of industrial unrest In Belgium. STRIKE AMULS 141 TRAINS ON NEW HAYEN R.R. Further Curtailment Like ly Owing to Spread of Shopmen's Walkout. BOAT LINES ARE JAMMED i t Freight Service Paralyzed, Ex- copt for Limited Amount of Perishable Food. No freight moved over tho lines of the New York, New Htrven and Hart-, ford Railroad yesterday excepting milk, Ice nnd certain perishable foods. Tho passenger 'service became so cur tailed ns o result of tho .shopmen's strike that week end excursionists swarmed about the offices of the steomshlp lines In efforts to procure, accomrmjda tlons. Tho situation was distinctly worse than on Friday. Instead of returning to their Jobs to await action on their demands by the Railroad Administra tion as shopmen In other parts of the country are doing, tho strikers re mained out, held a few meeting's and recruited new forces. According to announcement made at the office In the Grand Central Terminal the number of trains suspended be cause of the walkout of the mechanl cal force had Increased from 102 to 141, and threatened to mount still higher. Maine Bxpreawa Consolidated. The Bar Harbor Hx press and the State of Maine Express were consoli dated and left the terminal at 7:30 last evening. It was" announced that al though the State of Maine Express will leavA at 7 :30 this evening it will not be operated on Sundays hereafter until further notice. On all stations ot the line there ap peared "yesterday notices reading: "Ac count of strike all passenger and freight service will be subject to delay and cur tailment. Tickets will be sold and bag trago checked only subject to delay. The railroad will operate as many trains ns may he' practicable." Despite the fact that union heads are cooperating with the Government ot rlclals In efforts to get tlio men to re' turn to their Jobs and that nation wide disaster la feared as a result of the rail road shutdowns ISO Inspectors In the Harlem River yards Joined the strike yesterday. Train That Are Annulled. Tljo trains which will be stricken from to-day's schedules at the Grand Central Terminal are the following: Lrtvlnr New York. Deitlnstlon. t:00 A. M Sprlnrfleld 9:ff A. M New Harm 10:00' A. 1 Boston i:U P. M Sprlnrfleld 6:15 1 M. .' ..SprlnfleId Those taken oft yesterday were : Leavlnr time. I', M, ...Beadiore eiprtu to Prorldenee UMJ P. M New ltochelle 12:45 1. M , rituAelii Eipren 1!M! P. M i New Canntn rxpreai 1:M P. M Dridteport eiprcti 1:09 P.. M YVinsttd exnrtM 1:11 P. M ,.,.t llocnelle local 1:S5 P. M Danbury expren 2:11 P. M New noehflle local The latter run ordinarily on Satur days only. The company ts saving Its daily service as best It can, but condi tions created by the walkout cause many of these trains to bo delayed. Among the Sunday trains taken oft according to earlier announcements are the 10 A. M. train for Boston and the ttaln scheduled to leave that cl(y for New York at the samo time, also the train scheduled to leave Boaton at 5 P. M. for New York. At Columbus, Ohio, 5,000 shopmen of the Pennsylvania, Hocking Valley and Norfolk nnd Western railroads last night voted to return to work to-morrow morn ing. At Minneapolis the 4,600 railway shop men on strike voted to remain out. At Richmond, Va.. 1,500 striking rail way workers voted unanimously to re turn to work. SHOPMEN IN BOSTON VOTE TO REMAIN OUT Union Leaders Bar Them From Wage Negotiations. Boston, Aug, 9, No. Improvement was noted to-night In the strike situation on the railroads of New England after a number of meetlngB of strike leaders and unions had adjourned. Strike lead ers on the Npw 'Haven road said that If the men at New Haven had voted to follow the lead ot Boston they would "wait a long time before returning to work." The situation on, the Boston and Albany was uncertain. Leaders of Boston and Maine workers said the sentiment was unanimous to remain on strike until the full demands aro granted, regardless of the state ments ot Grand Lodge officers that those who do not return to work will not be allowed to participate In the negotia tions. More than 1,000 members of four lo cals of the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen who are employed In the termi nal division of the Boston and, Maine reaffirmed to-day their strike vote unan imously. Meetings have been arranged for to-morrow and Monday at .which representatives of the Grand Lodge will speak in an errort to nave tne men re- to work. rOvation for Motorman of First Flatbush Car rpHE first trolley car to be 'sent out in Brooklyn, without police guard, left the Flatbush cor bams hurt night at 11:10, and a great reception was given to the union man at tho controller. The car picked up passengers along the route. At Church avenue, where tho ear stopped" to take aboard a few passengers, a man walked over to' the motorman and asked: "Aro you one of the now men?" "I am like " said the motorman. "I am one of the old men back on the job." He smiled as he switched on the power and the car proceeded o'n its way to Manhattan. POLICE ACCUSED BYRR.T. "Why Should Wo Protect Scabs?" One Quotes Cop as Saying. WOMEN ABE INTIMIDATED "Sadiand Disgraceful" Condi tion, Says Nixon at B. B. T. Men's Stories. Employees of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company, testifying before Publlo Service Commissioner Nixon yesterday, told ot the assaults that had been made upon them and how. little Interested the police seemed to be' If) prPMMn them. One of tha men said that when he appealed to one ot. Commissioner Kn right's men to Btop the" rlotlns; of tho strikers thd guardian of tho law re plied: "Why the hell should we protect scabs 7" Other policemen responded to ap peals with a shrug of' the shoulder, ac cording to the testimony. Women told how tho strikers had tried to in'tirrtldato them and get them to stop their husbands from working'. Threats were made to kill their Husbands. More testimony along this line will be Riven when the hearing Is resumed to-morrow afternoon, according to counsel of the B. n. t. William Gardner, conductor on tho Jamaica avenue line, told of a num ber Instances of violence. Ho said there were many men willing to take out cars, but they did not dare because - there was ho- police protection. Assaulted With Pollen' Present. The morning the strike started, Gard ner said, ho was assaulted with rocks, cans and pieces of concrete. Near Rich mond Hill a crowd collected Friday Aid pulled the power pole from the, wire. The patrolman riding on the rear seat went to the front and Joined two other non-combatant members of tho forco there. It was not until a mounted man came up that the mob was dis persed. By that time the fuses had been stolen. Inspector Henry Glgnalls told of a mob of 200 that tried to put a car out of business at Bergen street and Utlca avenue. He asked a policeman, whose shield number was 2315, he said, to do something and received the reply al ready referred to, that he did not eee why he should protect "scabs." Two other policemen on the car also re fused to Interfere. .Their shield numbers were 0333 and 7753, the witness raid. "You had better go to the barns and tell your husband to quit work, and if you don't we will come back and get you," some strikers told Mrs. Harry Bens, 958 Seneca avenue, In front of her home. Benz took the stand nnd said he had yielded to his wife's fears. Otherwise he was perfectly willing to work, but he did not want her to worry. , 'Til protect you so long as you stay on the car, but It you get off you tako your life In your hands," Benjamin Lewis was told by the policeman as signed to his car. He had to get off to fix the pole, und was assaulted without any attempt oh the part of the police man to stop it. , Iiosp a Shun In Plant. Morris Blerman, a new guard on a Broadway elevated train, said ho was told by strike sympathisers to quit his Job. He learned that a number of strikers were preparlne for trouble at the Fulton street station. He gave the motorman the signal to run by the sta tion, but the train stopped. A crowd ot striking motormen from the surface cars got on, and Immediately there was a mlxup. He lout not only his hat but one, of his shoes. One striker told him hi was lucky to get otf with his lite. After the row was over a policeman assigned to the train showed up and asked Innocently If there had been any trouble.' When he specified a few things that had been done to him the policeman said blandly: "Why did you not let , ma know about It?" "What did he want you to do, write h'm a letter?" usked one of the lawyers present. This caused a roar ot laughter, which was checked shaiply by Commissioner Nixon with the remark: "This la nothing 'to laugh at, gentle men. It Is a very sad and disgraceful thing." Judge Mayer Makes Trues in Conference of Conflict ing Transit Interests. SETTLEMENT AT 9 P, M. Union Gets Part Eecogni- tion in the Selection of. Arbitration Board., . IIYLAN DEFENDS POLICE Enright Has 4-.000 Men Beady to Bun Cars at Timo the Cqnflict Halts. Tho B. K. T. strlko Is ended. Agreement . ending tho paralysis which hns tied up most of Brooklyn's transit facilities for four days and three nights was signed before United States Judge Julius SI. Mayer nt 0 o'clock last night after a conference of six hours, in which city nnd State officials participated with, tho con tending parties. The agreement provides for tho Im mediate return to work of the strik ing motormen, conductors and guards and possibly forestalls the extension of the strike to the power house work ers nnd to tho transit facilities ot Manhattan and the other boroughs. Th'e settlement was reached after' a day In which the makeshift service rendered by the company had shown some Improvement. This the com pany attributed to police protection, which' Itecclver Garrison for the first time yesterday admitted was above criticism While the elevated and pubwny 'improvement was consider able It was barely noticeable on tho surface J,(pcs. Resumption of night 'service was promised by nitdnlght-nnd of the full normal schedules on subway, surfaco nnd elevated lines In ilrdoklyn by 6 o'clock this morning. Union Most Prove Its Cne. The agreement represents a com promise on the question of recognition of the Amalgamated Association of Street nnd Klectrlc Hallway Em ployees, the question ' which caused the strike. It submits the other de mands for higher pay and nn 'eight hour day to arbitration. The union must prove to the satisfaction of Judge Mayor nnd Lewis Nixon, Public Service Commissioner, that nt mid night on August 8, Friday, It had within Its' ranks more than CO per cent, of the employees eligible to mem bership In order Hint V. 3. Shea, Its national organizer, or other accredited representatives may treat for the men In the negotiations which arc to follow. Higher pay and shorter hours will bo decided by a representative o tho men nnd of Receiver I.lndley M. Gar rison. In the event of failure of these arbitrators Mayor Hylan and Com missioner Nixon will designate a third party. To Public Service Commissioner Nixon goes the credit of suggesting the , plnti which enabled the two parties to ogrco on the matter of recognizing, the union, tho rock on which they had split Into n strike and over which they have fought to Brooklyn's cost. Mayor Ilylnn throughout the hearing kept Instating that the strike must be settled by some moons. But It was not until Commissioner Nixon offered n means of determining the right ot the union to ppeak for nil of tho em ployees that Judge Mayer called the officials and tho men Into his private room and t about tho framing of tho agreement. By Its terms Mr. Garrison will treat with tho union only on the terms ' with which he nlrcndy treats with other unions on the lines that It rep resents the hulk of the employees af fected and tlint the bulk of them will bo bound by Its agreements. Text of the Agreement. Tho agreement In full follows: "At a conference with Judge Mayer on August 9, 1919, tho following Is herewith agreed: "That the pending strlko be called off at once nnd the men return to work at once upon tho following condi tions: "1. That It It Is established to the satisfaction of Judge Mayer and Pub lic Service Commissioner Nixon that at midnight, August S, 1919, employees Of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit System eligible to membership In the Amalga mated Association wero enrolled mem bers of eald association to tho cxtont of over 00 per cent, of such employee so eligible, then the receiver will entertain the grievances presented by the committee headed by Mr. E. D. Smith or such substitutes for such com mitteeman as mny be properly sub stituted In placo thereof, necordlnr turn 7