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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, August 10, 1919, Image 1

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NEW YORK, SUNDAY,- AUG.UST 10, 1919 CopvrigM, 119, tv the Bun Printing, PxMUMno Anociatlon.
With Congress Hostile, An
nounce They Will Ask In
terview With President.
flow Call Nationalization Proj
ect "Americanization"
ot Railways.
Special Dtipatc to Tna 8cff.
tf Washington, Autr. 9. With Con
tress manifestly hostile to the plan
cf organized labor for the nationaliza
tion of the railroads, backers of the
movement now plan to seek the ap
proval of President Wilson, believing
be has expressed some of their prin
ciples In his addresses.
The plans of the labor leaders to
win executive favor wero discussed
to-day- at a conference of several na
tionally known men, who wero called
here by labor leaders to confer on the
railroad situation.
After an all day executive session
the statement was authorized by labor
leaders that "It Is unavoidable that a
meeting with tho President will be
sought nt an early date, when the es
sentlal principles of labor's pro
gramme, the Plumb plan, will be pre
sented and the state of facta outlined
which lends such power to the proposal
of tho, brotherhoods for the national!
ration and democratization of the
P. C.IIowe Tfierer
The conference was attended by Frank
P. Walsh and Basil Manly, former joint
chairmen ot tho War Labor Board ; Gov.
Henry J, Allen of Kansas, ex-Qov. Ed
ward f. Dunne of Illinois. Prpf. Edward
Btmls and Frederic C. Howe of New
Tork, Morris L. Cook, engineer, of Phll
delphla ; J. A. II. Hopkins, chairman of
the committee o"f forty-eight, and labor
leaders. It was stated that the docu
taenia to show there has been a sys
tematized plundering of all the railroads.
of thu country for private benefit, aa
charptd by Qlenn E. Plumb, counsel of
the workers, wero placed before the con
Meanwhile after a week of dark pre
dictions for the future of the country
nnlcts Congress Immediately adopts the
Plumb plan, fifteen labor leaders Issued
to-day a more optimistic forecast for the
titbn. nuking the definite assertion
that no violence or threats would be
tued to force through the programme.
The statement, however. Intimates
that unless the President and Congress
can mcot the request for Increased
wages or bring down the cost of living
labor "will have o try to find another
solution." Tho leaders also now desig
nate their plan aa "Americanization" of
the railroads Instead pf nationalization.
Tho whole tenor ot the statement Is
lastly different from tho veiled threats
and Intimations made by five of the
leader a week ago. Tho leaders admit
thoir previous Intimations that revolu
tion and dark days are ahead unless the
programme was adopted has lessened
their prestige in Congress and the coun
try. Their previous statements hae
been tho subject of constant grilling by
numbers of tho House Interstate. For
dsn Commerce Committee all week. The
attitude of the committeemen clearly in
dicates that Congress cannot bo stam
peded by threats.
To-day's statement follows:
To prevent any misunderstanding
as to the policy of the organized rail
road employees wo unlto In a definite
assertion that we have no desire and
have had none, to Impress upon the
public by violence or by threat our
proposal thai the railroads bo na
tional under "tripartite control."
Two distinctly separate considera
tion!! dd'v confront the people, the
a.e requirements ot the railroad
tmplovees and t(U Sims bill.
In 'lit matter of wages we have
ubm. sed an eminently just proposi
tion. a have said that if we are to
continue to five as Americans should
live and are to care for our families
s American families should be cared
for the profiteers must bo restrained
and our wag. increased. Every fair
minded man and every Intelligent
housewife, will recognize the reason
sblenesi of this request. It,Cohgress
na ' ie 'resident cannot meet this
fiuej u is still a living question
snd wo shall hsve to try to find an
other solution
Tins however, bears In no way
upon our sponsorship ot the Sims bill.
Ve do hold to our convictions that
the ralhoad employees are In no
mood to consign themselves finally to
the autocratic control of financial
dictators, but In proposing the ellml
nanon of capital and the tripartite
Jiirenora'e ws havo no purpose of
v appeal to the statesmanship
or America and to the commvn sense
of Ami- lean manhood and woman
hood. w all are. voters and unless
our democracy In government Is a
ullur our democracy In Industry
need not be. We believe In the native
olllty or American labor. What we
Continued on Xin'h Vagi.
Beef Outstripped by
Pork in Price Race
pins table of weekly average
prices of livo cattle and of
live hogs in the Chicago market
for last week, the previous week
and corresponding weeks back to
1914, shows how tho once humble
porker has, outstripped his four
legged friends, the steer and the
cow, in jumping the price hurdles
since ths big war started:
Cattle. Hogs.'
Last week 916.25 $21.95
Previous week. 16.50 22.20
1918 16.80 18.80
1917 12.10 15.70
1916 ...7 9.20 9.55
1915 ........ 9.26 9.85
1914 8.75 8.50
These figures are taken from
the current issue of the National
Provlsiorier, official organ of tho
Aclorlcan Meat Packers Associa
tion. According to the American
Consul at Montevideo, Uruguay,
the average price paid by packers
in that city for cattle in April
was 6 cents per pound, a slight
increase over the March price.
Globo Is latest AffectcrL'by
Actors' Move, With 14 Open
in "Finish Fight."
Equity Association Threatens
to Go Into tho Producing
The actors In the battle of Broad
way made :a slight gain yesterday,
capturing their objective at the -Globo
Theatre and causing Charles Dilling
ham to ,closo "She's a Good Fellow"
temporarily. This made the day's re
sults on the eastern and western
fronts of the great strike thorough
fare total: Fourteen theatres open, ten
surrendered to the strikers.
The managers planned a strong
"come back" next week, and as a
counterattack in this theatrical war,
which has now settled down to a finish
fight with both sides expressing the
customary .confidence In victory, the
producers were figuring on throwing
at least seven closed productions Into
tho running again this coming week
with casts recruited from non-union
talent that Is now lying around loose
in the city. Most of tho productions
lost heavily at the matinees yesterday.
the public staying away ' n pro
nounced manner for fear being up
rooted when the curtail' ie and dis
closed. mst of the cast ig tho great
strike scene
But in the evening all but three of
the shows did a good business, and
vaudeville and largo mpvle houses did
their noblo best-tii take care of the
overflow diverted from tho ten houses
lying under tho strike Interdict.
The evening was enlivened by a sport
ing event consisting of the arrest ot two
of the numerous actors who distributed
handbills urging support of the Actors
Equity Association played a new role as
pickets outside theatres and made heavy
going on Broadway for mere business
people.' Both arrests occurred outside
the Winter Garden, Anthony Hughe of
1696 Broadway having the distinction of
being the first plnchee ot the evening.
Arrested In Front of Theatre.
The Winter Garden was putting on Its
compound of "Monte Cristo, Jr.,'' and
vaudeville, with a comparatively small
audience trickling in from the large
crowd that taxed the good nature of
three cops on the sidewalk outside when
Hughe's was accused by Stanley Sharp,
the house manager, of trying to prevent
prospective patrons from spending their
good money on trie snow, unarp sam
the ptcket'called the production "a cheap
burlesque" put on by "scab actors,"
which Hughes denied.
However, he was arrested and tken
to the West Forty-seventh street sta
tion by William Tivoll, a private de
tective, who tried to take charge of the
station house until the police captain
quieted him. Zter Hughes reverted to
the night court, charged with disorderly
Sidney Jarvls was another histrionic
picket who got his name on the roll of
martyrs by being thrown out ot the Win
ter Garden as he tried to speak to one
of the actors coming out during the per
formance. He tried to bounce back Into
the house from the pavement, according
to three stage hands who did their best
to discourage him. Sergeant Barry re
layed him to the West Forty-seventh
street station, charged with disorderly
conduct, as a stop off en route to the
Nlxht Court.
It became known yesterday that the
Actors' Equity Association Is planning
to enter the producing field, putting on a
big benefit, for the sake of their war
chest In the course of a week by which
time, they assert, t is will be the only
production In the e.t,. outside of four
Continued on Second rag.
Profiteers, Big and Little,
"Will Face Criminal and
Civl Actions.
Congress .Will Got Flood of
Bills To-morrow to Aid Jn
Fight on nigh Costs.
Special DetpatcA to Tos Sex.
WASutNOTOH, Aug. 9. "Ileal action
In the Department of Justice cam
palgn against the high cost of living
It not expected until Grand Juries are
called' In the various Federal districts
throughout tho country. While no or
tidal statement will be made by the
Department because ot the lnstruc
tlons to District Attorneys to use their
discretion and act on their own Initia
tive, there are indications ot a number
of actions, criminal and' civil. In addi
tion to those to be filed against tho
five big packers.
In speeding up the work in tho va
rious Federal districts the Attorney-
General sent out Instructions to spe
clal agents ot the Department to 'put
aside all other tasks except thoso of
the highest importance and to concon
trate upon investigations of profiteer
ing and food hoarding'.
The Attorney-General contemplates
an extensive search of food supplies In
nil forms of storage and', "in transit
throughout the country. Movements.
ot food products are to be watched to
prevent tho-'defeaf of-Investigation of
"blind" thlpmunts from one locality to
another of products ostensibly des
tined to market.
Special V. 8. Asrents to Ilelp.
Special agents of the Department are
Instructed to cooperate with District At
torneys and United States marshals.
Word has been passed out that the aid
of local authorities Is also to be fioiight
In efforts to ferret out hoarders and
There was widespread discussion of
the President's message on the subject
to-day, and when the Senate and Houso
convene Monday a deluge of bills Is ex
pected. These measures will be rushed
to committees for action.
The President's recommendations will
be considered by a special committee In
the Senate and they will be acted on by
the Interstate Commerce and Agricul
tural committees In the House. The raft
of bills expected will be sent through
the same committees for sifting and for
the drafting of a legislative progranyiie.
There Is little doubt that serious con
sideration will be given In Congress to
embargoes, to flour subsidy nnd other
measures that were thrown out of the
Administration programme.
In the House Representative Mondell
(Wyo.). the Republican leader, an
nounced that Congress stood ready to
make the further appropriations sought
by President Wilson, In his address yes
terday. "All appropriations found neces
sary and needed will be made as soon
as possible," said Mr. Mondell, qualify
ing his statement with the hope that the
appropriation bills would be submitted
us soon as possible.
Cold Storage Hearing's To-morrow.
Representative Haucen (Iowa), chair
man of the. House Agricultural Commit
tee, announced that hearings ot) the new
cold Btorage legislation, as proposed by
the President, wou'.i be started Monday.
The measure, according. to present plans,
will limit the length of time In which
food supplies and necessaries may be
held In storage and will force distribu
tion after a permitted period.
Many members or congress are cen
tring attention upon Import and export
figures from the Department of Com
merce showing: the Important part food
stuffs have played In exports from the
country In recent months. They are
still convinced mat a restriction or ex
ports would have an Immediate and ap
preciable effect upon prices.
Department ot Commerce figures show
that foodstuffs formed iO per cent, of
the total of 1891,000,000 of goods ex
ported In June. Sixteen million bushels
of wheat and 3,500,000 barrels of wheat
flour were exported during the month.
This was In addition to 17,000,000 bushels
ot rye, 6,000,000 bushe.ls ot barley, and
other grains and grain products valued
at 117.000,000.
One hundred and seventy-four million
dollars worth of meatu and dairy prod
ucts were exported the principal Items
belnr 270.000.000 pounds ot uacon ana
ham. 117,000,000 pounds of lard and
US. 000.000 pounds of condensed milk,
In addition raw material to the value
of millions of dollars representing prod
ucts that go Into commodities that enter
Into the cost of living were exported,
Mexican Bandit Chief Snrrenders,
Wasjunoton, Aug. 9. President Car
ranza has advised the Mexican Kmbassy
here that the bandit enter Koberto jam
son has, surrendered to Mexican forces
In Coahulla, and that bandits )n the Ta.
mesl Itlver region have .been attacked by
Government, troops, which recovered Is
horses and more than 200 head or cattle,
some of which probably were stolen from
American cmiena,
Wilson. Will Discuss Living 'Cost and
League of Nations in Coming Tour
Sptetal Veipalch to Tns Bun.
yyASHNGTON, Aug. 9,-r-Presldent Wilson will talk to the people
of the United States on the high' cost of living and necessary
measures to meet the menace to industrial peace and Happiness as well
as the League of Nations when he starts on his tour of the country.
.This tour, a swing: around the circle as far as the Pacific coast,
first was scheduled for late July, and then for early August. Delay on
treaty action in' the Senate and the coming of the cost of living crisis
caused two postponements. It was learned to-day that the trip had
not been abandoned though delayed. ' t
The itinerary will remain the same, it is understood, as tho one
originally prepared, providing for a trio across tho northern tier of
States to the Pacific coast, down tho coast and a swing across the
southern, tier back to Washington.. Details havo not been announced.
Tho fact, that present plans are being made for departure late in
August would indicate a belief in official circles the concrete results
will be reached on the cost of living, and the railroad problem's before
that date.
State to Receive 6,000,000
Pounds of Army Surplus
to Sell.
Municipal Orders Must Bo
PI need Hero or in Sche
nectady. , Special Dupatch to Tns Sex.
Washington. Aug. 9. Approxi
mately two, hundred carloads of the
army food Which s to be put on the
rnrkt &t cost to relieve fhq price,
situation as much as possiblo has been
nlotted to New York State. The State's
quota will be distributed entirely
through the municipal nnd State au
thorities. Their Orders for tho food
must be put In by August 16. Ordors
for the food are to "bo sent to the
Surplus Property officer at Now York
or Schenectady, It was explained at
the War Department, so that the Post
Office Department may 'bo advised of
the amount of food .which may be dis
tributed by parcel post.
Parcel post sales will "be Inaugurated
August 18. If New York Slate'6 en
tire quota Is bespoken by the munici
pal and State authorities there ,wlll
be no postal sales there.
This course Anally was determined
upon to-day at a tonference ot Dr.
E. N. Porter, Commissioner of Foods
and Markets, with Frederick B. Fos
ter, secretary of the Foods and Mar
kets Department of the New York
State Government, and E. C. Morse,
First -Director of Sales. Dr. Porter
will confe Monday with New York
city authorities to find out how" much
of the surplus army food Is needed
Dr. Porter and Mr. Foster were sent
to Washington by G-ov. Smith. Their
the meeting of Mayors of sixty cities In
New York State called July 30 by the
Governor. This conference was called
to determine ways and means by which
army surplus food could be purchased. or
handled by municipalities which found
themselves confronted by charter limita
tions. .On the basis of 30,000 pounds to the
carload New York's quota of army food
would ncgrerate fi. 000,000 pounds, or
less than one pound per capita. The
tveragu weight of carload shipments
may exceed 30.0C0 pounds, which would
Increase the aggregate somewhat.
The 200 carload flzure, however. Is
r.ot absolute. It Is b'ised largely on esti
mates, although an effort aa made by
the experts of the office ot tho Director
of Sales to-day to work out as accu
rately as possible the aggregate quantity
of food to bi allotted to New York State.
Dr. Porter' Unformed Mr. Morse that
provision wlll'be made to distribute food
In rural communities through coopera
tive buying orders. This will cover sucn
communities as havo no local govern
ment that can be held responsible for
handling the army food. The New York
allotment includes millions of cans of
corned beef, roast beef, corned beef hash,
beans of all sorts, corn, cherries, pine
apples, peas, soups, rice, flour, aspara
gus, flavoring extracts, syrup, farina,
oatmeal flour, gelatine, ginger, hominy,
macaroni, .condensed milk, mustard, oat
meal, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, squash,
sugar, tapioca, tea, cocoa and corntneal.
Latter I'rora 'Frisco's Slayor Bent
Srrlftly to Hodman's Pleet.
Special Dtipaich to Tax Bex. ,
WABlHNQTOtf. Aug. 9, Flying 610
miles through fog and clouds at a speed
In excess of two miles a minute, Capt.
Lowell H. Smith to-day delivered a let
ter from' Mayor Rolfs of San Franclsoo,
to Admiral Rodman at San Diego, ac
cording to am announcement from the
air service.
Most of the flight, completed In 302
minutes flying time, was at an altitude
ot 10,000 feet,
Henry White 'Sees Clemennean,
Pari, Aug. !). Henry yhlte of the
American peace mission and Baron
d'Estournelles de Constant, who recently
returned front the United States, were
received to-dy.y Premier Clemenceau.
Magic, Crops Are Harvested in
Northern Areas Devastated
by tho "War.
American Generosity Evi
denced in Clothing: Supply
and Canned Foods.
By KAttl. II. Ton WIKGAXtJ.'
Sfff Correipondrtt of Tat 8M.
CopvrigU, 1911, all rtghtt referred.
Tins Hague, Aug.fl (delayed). The
prospect for food for 4he people of
Belgium nnd northern Krooeo next
winter Is excellent. A trip through
.Belgium showed that oven now In
once devastated country" Is well sup
plied with nil manner of food, the
people look prosperous and tlio wholo
land Is fat with grain and food pro
ducing animals.
There Is no section In the United
States more rich and productive than
Belgium and northern Franco under
normal conditions, and this year there
arc bumper Crops everywhere burn use
of. the effectlvo propaganda conducted
throughout the war. It Is true that
tho factories have been destroyed nnd
Industry Is bndly crippled, but so far
lis actual food is couccrned the people
tire well off.
Slirna of TJ. S. Generosity.
All the Belgian ports show evi
dences of American generosity, while
the Inland towns and villages ore well
stocked with ennned goods and Ameri
can clothing. Within (he next six
mrfntlis Belgium, will bo nble to sup-
P other countries with food. accord-
lug to present Indications, especially
with fish, which forms n considerable
portion of the people's diet. From
every Prt great llshlng' fleets sail
dally, returning In tho evening heavily
laden, glutting tho markets. From
every town and village, evert those In
the ure:t devastated by the war, come
great consignments of grain, fruit nnd
vegetables, loading the stalls in the
city market places.
Tho great expanse of rich country
which was flooded early In tho war
hy tho opening of the sluice gates
near Nleuport Is now ready for cul
tivation. Far from being harmed by
the submergence, It has been enriched
and requires only tho clearing away
of tho accumulated debris, which has
taken far less time and much less
money than was at first estimated.
Manila Crops In Yser,
In the Yser Valley, where tho Ocr
ma .s and Belgians maintained their
lines practically stationary for four
years, crops aro springing up as if
by magic, filling the dreary Inundated
country with a smiling wealth of
foodstuff. Gorman prisoners are
working alt along the old line of
battle, winding up tho old barbed
wire, clearing away tho debris and
making the country habitable, along
with great arnjles of workmen who
are transforming the desolate areas
Into their former state. .
These conditions promise well for
the coming prosperity of Belgium.
Where tho people are well fed there
Is little likelihood of labor troubles,
fo that It Is not surprising that west
ern Europe ts so free from revolu
tionary movements. There Is not a
sign of industrial unrest In Belgium.
Further Curtailment Like
ly Owing to Spread of
Shopmen's Walkout.
i t
Freight Service Paralyzed, Ex-
copt for Limited Amount
of Perishable Food.
No freight moved over tho lines of
the New York, New Htrven and Hart-,
ford Railroad yesterday excepting
milk, Ice nnd certain perishable foods.
Tho passenger 'service became so cur
tailed ns o result of tho .shopmen's
strike that week end excursionists
swarmed about the offices of the
steomshlp lines In efforts to procure,
accomrmjda tlons.
Tho situation was distinctly worse
than on Friday. Instead of returning
to their Jobs to await action on their
demands by the Railroad Administra
tion as shopmen In other parts of the
country are doing, tho strikers re
mained out, held a few meeting's and
recruited new forces.
According to announcement made at
the office In the Grand Central Terminal
the number of trains suspended be
cause of the walkout of the mechanl
cal force had Increased from 102 to
141, and threatened to mount still
Maine Bxpreawa Consolidated.
The Bar Harbor Hx press and the
State of Maine Express were consoli
dated and left the terminal at 7:30 last
evening. It was" announced that al
though the State of Maine Express will
leavA at 7 :30 this evening it will not be
operated on Sundays hereafter until
further notice.
On all stations ot the line there ap
peared "yesterday notices reading: "Ac
count of strike all passenger and freight
service will be subject to delay and cur
tailment. Tickets will be sold and bag
trago checked only subject to delay.
The railroad will operate as many trains
ns may he' practicable."
Despite the fact that union heads are
cooperating with the Government ot
rlclals In efforts to get tlio men to re'
turn to their Jobs and that nation wide
disaster la feared as a result of the rail
road shutdowns ISO Inspectors In the
Harlem River yards Joined the strike
Train That Are Annulled.
Tljo trains which will be stricken from
to-day's schedules at the Grand Central
Terminal are the following:
Lrtvlnr New York. Deitlnstlon.
t:00 A. M Sprlnrfleld
9:ff A. M New Harm
10:00' A. 1 Boston
i:U P. M Sprlnrfleld
6:15 1 M. .' ..SprlnfleId
Those taken oft yesterday were :
Leavlnr time.
I', M, ...Beadiore eiprtu to Prorldenee
UMJ P. M New ltochelle
12:45 1. M , rituAelii Eipren
1!M! P. M i New Canntn rxpreai
1:M P. M Dridteport eiprcti
1:09 P.. M YVinsttd exnrtM
1:11 P. M ,.,.t llocnelle local
1:S5 P. M Danbury expren
2:11 P. M New noehflle local
The latter run ordinarily on Satur
days only. The company ts saving Its
daily service as best It can, but condi
tions created by the walkout cause many
of these trains to bo delayed.
Among the Sunday trains taken oft
according to earlier announcements are
the 10 A. M. train for Boston and the
ttaln scheduled to leave that cl(y for
New York at the samo time, also the
train scheduled to leave Boaton at 5
P. M. for New York.
At Columbus, Ohio, 5,000 shopmen of
the Pennsylvania, Hocking Valley and
Norfolk nnd Western railroads last night
voted to return to work to-morrow morn
ing. At Minneapolis the 4,600 railway shop
men on strike voted to remain out.
At Richmond, Va.. 1,500 striking rail
way workers voted unanimously to re
turn to work.
Union Leaders Bar Them
From Wage Negotiations.
Boston, Aug, 9, No. Improvement
was noted to-night In the strike situation
on the railroads of New England after
a number of meetlngB of strike leaders
and unions had adjourned. Strike lead
ers on the Npw 'Haven road said that If
the men at New Haven had voted to
follow the lead ot Boston they would
"wait a long time before returning to
work." The situation on, the Boston and
Albany was uncertain.
Leaders of Boston and Maine workers
said the sentiment was unanimous to
remain on strike until the full demands
aro granted, regardless of the state
ments ot Grand Lodge officers that those
who do not return to work will not be
allowed to participate In the negotia
tions. More than 1,000 members of four lo
cals of the Brotherhood of Railway
Carmen who are employed In the termi
nal division of the Boston and, Maine
reaffirmed to-day their strike vote unan
imously. Meetings have been arranged
for to-morrow and Monday at .which
representatives of the Grand Lodge will
speak in an errort to nave tne men re-
to work.
rOvation for Motorman
of First Flatbush Car
rpHE first trolley car to be 'sent
out in Brooklyn, without
police guard, left the Flatbush
cor bams hurt night at 11:10, and
a great reception was given to
the union man at tho controller.
The car picked up passengers
along the route.
At Church avenue, where tho
ear stopped" to take aboard a few
passengers, a man walked over to'
the motorman and asked:
"Aro you one of the now
"I am like " said the
motorman. "I am one of the old
men back on the job." He smiled
as he switched on the power and
the car proceeded o'n its way to
"Why Should Wo Protect
Scabs?" One Quotes Cop
as Saying.
"Sadiand Disgraceful" Condi
tion, Says Nixon at B. B. T.
Men's Stories.
Employees of the Brooklyn Rapid
Transit Company, testifying before
Publlo Service Commissioner Nixon
yesterday, told ot the assaults that
had been made upon them and how.
little Interested the police seemed to be'
If) prPMMn them.
One of tha men said that when he
appealed to one ot. Commissioner Kn
right's men to Btop the" rlotlns; of tho
strikers thd guardian of tho law re
plied: "Why the hell should we protect
scabs 7"
Other policemen responded to ap
peals with a shrug of' the shoulder, ac
cording to the testimony.
Women told how tho strikers had tried
to in'tirrtldato them and get them to stop
their husbands from working'. Threats
were made to kill their Husbands. More
testimony along this line will be Riven
when the hearing Is resumed to-morrow
afternoon, according to counsel of the
B. n. t.
William Gardner, conductor on tho
Jamaica avenue line, told of a num
ber Instances of violence. Ho said there
were many men willing to take out cars,
but they did not dare because - there
was ho- police protection.
Assaulted With Pollen' Present.
The morning the strike started, Gard
ner said, ho was assaulted with rocks,
cans and pieces of concrete. Near Rich
mond Hill a crowd collected Friday Aid
pulled the power pole from the, wire.
The patrolman riding on the rear seat
went to the front and Joined two other
non-combatant members of tho forco
there. It was not until a mounted
man came up that the mob was dis
persed. By that time the fuses had
been stolen.
Inspector Henry Glgnalls told of a
mob of 200 that tried to put a car out
of business at Bergen street and Utlca
avenue. He asked a policeman, whose
shield number was 2315, he said, to do
something and received the reply al
ready referred to, that he did not eee
why he should protect "scabs." Two
other policemen on the car also re
fused to Interfere. .Their shield numbers
were 0333 and 7753, the witness raid.
"You had better go to the barns and
tell your husband to quit work, and if
you don't we will come back and get
you," some strikers told Mrs. Harry
Bens, 958 Seneca avenue, In front of her
Benz took the stand nnd said he had
yielded to his wife's fears. Otherwise
he was perfectly willing to work, but he
did not want her to worry. ,
'Til protect you so long as you stay
on the car, but It you get off you tako
your life In your hands," Benjamin
Lewis was told by the policeman as
signed to his car. He had to get off to
fix the pole, und was assaulted without
any attempt oh the part of the police
man to stop it. ,
Iiosp a Shun In Plant.
Morris Blerman, a new guard on a
Broadway elevated train, said ho was
told by strike sympathisers to quit his
Job. He learned that a number of
strikers were preparlne for trouble at
the Fulton street station. He gave the
motorman the signal to run by the sta
tion, but the train stopped. A crowd ot
striking motormen from the surface cars
got on, and Immediately there was a
mlxup. He lout not only his hat but one,
of his shoes. One striker told him hi
was lucky to get otf with his lite.
After the row was over a policeman
assigned to the train showed up and
asked Innocently If there had been any
trouble.' When he specified a few things
that had been done to him the policeman
said blandly:
"Why did you not let , ma know
about It?"
"What did he want you to do, write
h'm a letter?" usked one of the lawyers
This caused a roar ot laughter, which
was checked shaiply by Commissioner
Nixon with the remark:
"This la nothing 'to laugh at, gentle
men. It Is a very sad and disgraceful
Judge Mayer Makes Trues
in Conference of Conflict
ing Transit Interests.
Union Gets Part Eecogni-
tion in the Selection of.
Arbitration Board., .
Enright Has 4-.000 Men Beady
to Bun Cars at Timo the
Cqnflict Halts.
Tho B. K. T. strlko Is ended.
Agreement . ending tho paralysis
which hns tied up most of Brooklyn's
transit facilities for four days and
three nights was signed before United
States Judge Julius SI. Mayer nt 0
o'clock last night after a conference
of six hours, in which city nnd State
officials participated with, tho con
tending parties.
The agreement provides for tho Im
mediate return to work of the strik
ing motormen, conductors and guards
and possibly forestalls the extension
of the strike to the power house work
ers nnd to tho transit facilities ot
Manhattan and the other boroughs.
Th'e settlement was reached after' a
day In which the makeshift service
rendered by the company had shown
some Improvement. This the com
pany attributed to police protection,
which' Itecclver Garrison for the first
time yesterday admitted was above
criticism While the elevated and
pubwny 'improvement was consider
able It was barely noticeable on tho
surface J,(pcs.
Resumption of night 'service was
promised by nitdnlght-nnd of the full
normal schedules on subway, surfaco
nnd elevated lines In ilrdoklyn by 6
o'clock this morning.
Union Most Prove Its Cne.
The agreement represents a com
promise on the question of recognition
of the Amalgamated Association of
Street nnd Klectrlc Hallway Em
ployees, the question ' which caused
the strike. It submits the other de
mands for higher pay and nn 'eight
hour day to arbitration. The union
must prove to the satisfaction of
Judge Mayor nnd Lewis Nixon, Public
Service Commissioner, that nt mid
night on August 8, Friday, It had
within Its' ranks more than CO per
cent, of the employees eligible to mem
bership In order Hint V. 3. Shea, Its
national organizer, or other accredited
representatives may treat for the men
In the negotiations which arc to
Higher pay and shorter hours will
bo decided by a representative o tho
men nnd of Receiver I.lndley M. Gar
rison. In the event of failure of these
arbitrators Mayor Hylan and Com
missioner Nixon will designate a
third party.
To Public Service Commissioner
Nixon goes the credit of suggesting the ,
plnti which enabled the two parties to
ogrco on the matter of recognizing,
the union, tho rock on which they
had split Into n strike and over which
they have fought to Brooklyn's cost.
Mayor Ilylnn throughout the hearing
kept Instating that the strike must be
settled by some moons. But It was
not until Commissioner Nixon offered
n means of determining the right ot
the union to ppeak for nil of tho em
ployees that Judge Mayer called the
officials and tho men Into his private
room and t about tho framing of
tho agreement.
By Its terms Mr. Garrison will
treat with tho union only on the terms '
with which he nlrcndy treats with
other unions on the lines that It rep
resents the hulk of the employees af
fected and tlint the bulk of them will
bo bound by Its agreements.
Text of the Agreement.
Tho agreement In full follows:
"At a conference with Judge Mayer
on August 9, 1919, tho following Is
herewith agreed:
"That the pending strlko be called
off at once nnd the men return to
work at once upon tho following condi
tions: "1. That It It Is established to the
satisfaction of Judge Mayer and Pub
lic Service Commissioner Nixon that
at midnight, August S, 1919, employees
Of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit System
eligible to membership In the Amalga
mated Association wero enrolled mem
bers of eald association to tho cxtont
of over 00 per cent, of such employee
so eligible, then the receiver will
entertain the grievances presented by
the committee headed by Mr. E. D.
Smith or such substitutes for such com
mitteeman as mny be properly sub
stituted In placo thereof, necordlnr

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