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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, August 11, 1919, Image 1

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' 11 1 ' " 11 ' wf'i ' .i mi--
Fair to-day; to-morrow fair and
warmer; gentle variable winds.
Highest temperature yeiterday, 76; lowest, 60.
Detailed .weather reports on editorial page.
NEW, YORK, MONDAY, AUGUST 11, 1919 Copyright, 1919, tjf the Bun Printing and PulH.htng Association.
Politicians Dividing Credit
Among Judge Mayer, the
Jlayor and Mr. Nixon.
Coney Island Joyous When
losses End at 20,000,000
Xid'els Count 'Em.
Potion AlUt-udo ill Strikers
Praised or Criticised on
v'nry.iiiRf Viewpoints.
New t-t (hn b.ittlo ot Brooklyn Is
ndeJ ilm political general, staffs are
inciting to seo who Rets the citations,
it almost an many gatherings of politi
cal Rflpcril start experts os there are
itrrct corners In tho geographically
lo(r!rin borough across the river
thrc were expressed yesterday as
mm" 'liferent opinions as to wlrother
il j ctvdlt for settling the strike should
ta to .linlsp .Mayer. Mayor Ilylan or
P' .Ho Service Commissioner Nixon.
tV. th? talk of credit went the hint
o. reiviM and the reward generally
mMlcwl was the nomination for
Gevvnor In the next fight. Nobody In
Brooklyn, strange as It may seem, had
My Idea that I.lndley M. Garrison,
th tlliilar head of the B. IL T., had
ny rrllt coming to him, or any noml
rsticn. even for keeper of the' pound.
Titular headship of tho B. R. T., car
rier with It In Brooklyn the doubtful
honor!! of titular goat.
In the meanwhile Brooklyn got back
tn Its old comfortable self, the self
hlch earned Its ball team their peren
nial robrlauet of "Dodgers." which, for
the unenlightened. Is a contraction of the
world known term, "Trolley uoagers."
The ephemeral Jitney ..had vanished
from the ways and the gongs clanged
ind the elevateds clanked and the sub
ways roared. It was, however, a quiet
4y in Brooklyn. Most ot tho people
aim make, a Sunday of It on the transit
lines apparently had made other plans In
vlen-s of the strike.
Car Service Become -Xensal.
After a night of celebrating, following
the news that the strike had been set
tied, the employees of the system were
at their barns early yesterday morning
eater to resume work again, .and begin
ning at 5 o'clock, when the regular runs
were put In operation, the service became
normal. From midnight until that hour
the few cars that were sent over some
of the lines were manned principally by
Inspectors and starters.
At the offices of the, company Receiver
Oarrifon. who put in' an appearance In
tv,e afternoon with a few of tho other
officials, declined to make .any statement
other than to fay "the agreement speaks
for itself." He Intimated that a state
ment might be issued by the company
tv tll-.ln a fw days. It was said the ser
vice was normal yesterday and nothing
was expected to Interfere with the future
operation of the cars on the system. No
Information was obtained at the. B. R. T.
cfhVej as to when It was expected the
company officials and tho union, leaders
would "net together" and endeavor to
jdjuft the differences.
Early morning cars and trains for
ror.ey Island were almost empty.
TO'tard afternoon they began to fill Up
and by night time It was apparent that
the resort by the seaside would entertain
rlove to Us usual 400,000 devotees of the
continental Sabbath.
"And ht- I.ord knows the Island needed
'em," said the grizzled keeper of a hot
'c-z kennel on Surf avenue. "Ve had a
fne and prosperous spring, and Decora
t'on Day and Fourth of July came; In
eek ends and we wcro able to pay up our
rent for the season. Rut then came this
liere now Swlthln with his rain, and
then the strike. Man. It was tough."
Coney's regular population at this
time of the year Is about 35,000 souls
and these made a brave effort on Satur
day night and early on Sunday to pa
rade Surf avenue with a noise like bust
lens. Hut Coney's own know the nickel
Intimately. Coney merchants say they
are nickel nursers. Canny Coney mer
1'ianta missed the profligates of the city
streets, who, Intoxicated bv the sad sea
breeze, are able totally to Ignore that
old Scotch motto, "When you once break
a nickel Blewlel"
Motorists Dodirc Nickel Shorn.
There was a liberal sprinkling of au
tomobile parties, but they were either
Jmt out for the ride. Ilka total atranrera
t a funeral, or were dining at some of
tat hlit swell places where the nickel is
unknown as the drachma of ancient
reece. In places like Luna Park, where
'he nkkei ,tl, ,s more or ltsa tne kln(.
of trade, there were a paltry ten thou
nd where there should have been fifty
thousand, rroof that many city dwellers
were marooned on the Island lies In the
head the hotel keepers got for rooms
-Coney Island roomer and by tho num
Jr of persons who slept on the beach.
Hundreds sought In vain a means to get
ock to town when It turned very cold
rly jesterday morning,
it, . thf who18 Coney Island eatlmates
"at the strike cost it a round million
twenty million nickels!
Probably the happiest persons In
"fooklyn were the B. R. T. employees.
..y.u0nndntl' b'leve and loudly aa
rt that they have won a great victory.
trmlr.ed. Public Service Commissioner
Tho f,,t 80 Incisively and success
or ,'y J"0 the symposium of the alibi
Zt0, Judge Mayer on Saturday
lX ""Ksestlon for arbitration of
ohZ reoo.nlllon. Put a germ Into the
ointment of the men's joy which may
noT up to be a fly. 4
u H reminded them that the city was
tiHi rT"ne 2." Prt"Mhlp with the bank
when T and wouW nVB t D heard
on th. Ca,m t0 malns- 'urther drains
A i- d,p,ete'1 treasury even for wages.
dl.nTJS'0f onrh!f Pf what the men
.O00,O0O a year. Hla statamn
w.-.f1"'? th QuesUon. "Where Is
, ' rromi This added to the
He problem the question of Increased
Continued fitk Page.
Sunday Throngst Caught by
New Haven's Move on
narlem Division. .
Buses and Motors Reap
Harvest at Score of the
Larger Resorts.
Albany Tnkcs Off More Tarlor
Cnrs Shopmen Gener
ally Stand iFirm.
Scenes of trild confusion developed
last night at City Island and other
Sound resorts as a result of the Bus-
pension of all service on the Harlem
River branch of the New Tork. New
Haven and Hartford Railroad because
of the shopmen's strike.
Ot the fifty Sunday trains ordinarily
operated over this lino not, ono waa in
sctrvlco yesterday, and many thousands
of excursionists struggled desperately
for the limited accommodations of auto
mobiles and trolleys wherever these
were available.
These people had' received fair warn
ing early In the day when the sudden
shutdown sent them swarming to the bus
lines, and crowds waiting for those ve
hicles became so dense that police Ve
serves were taxed to their utmost ef'
forts to preserve order. Nevertheless a
large percentage of them had persisted
in their efforts to readi their holiday
resorts, so that tho homejrolng hour
found those places crowded with visitors
for whom there were little or no trans
portation facilities,
Dense throngs sought to use every
possible type of conveyance and for
hours the buses running to the West
Farms subway station were strained to
the limit of their capacity. Taxi drivers
and other automobile operators did a
rushing business, the latter charging In
many cases exorbitant rates, which ex
cursionists were obliged to pay rawer
than be left, overnight at the out of
town points Many motor iruexs oper
ated between 'Pelham Bay. City Island
nnd other congested points' to the profit
of the drivers; and trolleys of tne union
Railway were mobbed aa rapidly as
they approached the crowded centres,
Inspectors AVolUed. Ont.
The Immediate cause of the suspension
of service on this branch of the road,
which operates from 137th street and
Willis avenue to New Rochelle, was said
at the offices of the company to be the,
walkout on Saturday of 175 Inspectors
in the Harlem River shops, who had
decided to add their number to the other
shopmen who walked out last Thursday
Tho withdrawal of the trains, it was
Btated, was upon the advice of the
United States Railroad Administration
and In the interest of public safety. Of
.flclabs at the Harlem River yards ex
plained that It would have been possible
to run trains of two cars each hourly.
but such an arrangement would have
been perilous to life and limb In view
of the crowds that would have attempted
to ride on the platforms. As a rule. It
was said, each Sunday train would have
consisted of eight or ten cars.
It was also announced that In the in
terest of public safety all passenger
trains on the Providence, Warren and
Bristol Branch, which runs from Provi
dence tn Fall River, had been annulled,
This made a total of fifty-six electric
trains taken off the line.
At the company's offices in the Grand
Central Terminal It was stated laet
night that the number of trains out of
service because of the walkout exceeds
200 despite the fact that service was re
stored yesterday on tho Central New
England line.
Two other trains suspended yesterday
were the one scheduled to leave New
London at 6 :5S A. M. for Hartford and
the 12:45 P. M. train from Providence to
New London.
Statement br Company
A statement Issued by the company
read : "The total .number of dally trains
operated on the New Haven system of
the United States Railroad Administra
tion, which Includes the Central New
England, is approximately 2,000, and
approximately 10 per cent, of the total
service has been annulled pending the
return of the men to their places a
very excellent showing.
'Every effort Is being made to induce
the shopmen to return to their work In
accordance with the letter of President
Wilson to Director-General Hlnes. that
the Increased wage scale ot the men
cannot be satisfactorily adjusted rntll
they do so, and this would carry vlth
It the recognition of their own exec
utive officers,
'In the car department of the New
Tork. New Haven and Hartford Rail-,.c c shay, president ot the Interna
road Company there are 10,331 men, and .innai Alliance of Stago Employees and
of them 6,827 have walked out,
This statement refers solely to pas
senger service, the freight service of
the road having been hit such a severe
blow that It Is with difficulty that the
company Is making deliveries of food
stuffs and Immediate necessities.
Bulletin boards at all depots of the
company are covered with lists of sus
pended trains and warnings to the
effect that freight and baggage can be
taken only subject to delay.
Heads of the road were awaiting yes
terday the result of conferences among
the strikers In Boston nd New Haven,
where It was hoped the men might .vote
to return to their work pending action
in Washington on their claims.
No Violence Reported,
Although no attempt at violence has
been reported to the offices here, a re.
sort from Bridgeport yesterday said that
a doien guards armed wllli rin had
been placed on duty at tne snops there.
Bo far as Is known here there, has been
no appeal for official protection at any
point on the line.
The Boston and Albany Railroad,
which also Is affected by the walkout.
Is said to have followed the example of
the New York, New Haven and Hart
ford in curtailing service of parlor and
Despite Need of Cash These Holdings Will Be Retained
as Nucleus for Reestablishing Teutonic Pre
War Trade Domination.
Specie Cable DttpclcX to Tea Sow from (Aa
London Tlinu Btrvia.
CepvrloM, 1919, all riahtt rctmti.
Lo.vdon, Aug. 10. To glvo a fair
chance to the Germans to finance their
necessary Imports aft,or flvo years of
blockado, writes a Zurich correspon
dent to the JTimet. the Peace Con
ference decided not to conflacato Ger
man property In neutral countries.
This perm an property in Switzer
land, Hollad, Scandinavia, Argentina,
Chile and Spain Is very Important for
the enhancement of German exports
to those countries. As tho owner and
cortrollcr ot department stores, cloc
trlc. and finance companies and so on
Germany guarantees In this way for
her exporters futuro sales to these
Since tho peace treaty was signed
Germany's leading banks havo been
negotiating with Switzerland to obtain
credit, but In these negotiations Ger
many's creditors generally refuse the
sale of any German owned securities
ot a controlling character.
German capital controls most of tho
Swiss department stores. Munich
breweries own as their restaurants tho
Both Sides Pass Sunday Bring
ing Up Replacements and
Counting Casualties.
They Will Join Strikers' Col
ors To-day Managers
Claim Desertions.
Ar. Sam Harris, president of the Pro
ducing v Managers Association; .re
marked last evenlnft with a grin:
"They kept all the theatres dark to
day." There was a week end lull In
the battle of Broadway while actors
and managers prepared for tho com
ing week, which Is generally looked
upon as the decisive period In the
strike. Managers are confident they
will open at least half a ddzen of the
ten shows now dark, and the actors
are equally confident they will block
A number of Important defections
from the ranks of union talent devel
oped yesterday. Those who resigned
from the Actors' Equity Association In
disapproval of the players' strike were
Laura Hopo Crews, Janet Beecher,
Zelda Sears, Valll Valll, Olive Wynd
Uam, Jeanette Lowrle and Charlotta
Monterey. On the other hand. Equity
announced that they had gained Al
Jolson, plus 400 stars of lesser mag
nitude, which seemed to them a good
day's work, especially as the tide of
Hew membership was still flowing In,
Frank Gillmore, executive secretary or
the Equity, and Grant Stewart, record
ing secretary, were considerably heart
ened by messages from John Drew and
Raymond Hitchcock that they held them
selves at the disposal of the executive
council, which is the strikers' general
staff. The council granted citations to
the following actors for distinguished
services during the strike by granting
them the titles of "special deputy." pre
sumably In perpetuity : Ed Wynn, Harry
Fox, Frank Fay and Al Jolson.
Slanr Benefit" Planned.
The benefit announced yesterday will
be the first of a series of "monster"
testimonials, according to Mr. Stewart,
with which, at dates to be published
later, the actors will furnish themselves
with the sinews of war. Francis Wilson",
president of the Equity, has made no
reply to a challenge from William A.
Bradv to meet him In Joint debate on
the stage of the Metropolitan Opera
House conoernlng the great labor up
heaval In the artistic world. Mr. Wilson
had gone to Ills home at Lake Mahopac
early on Saturday night. It was said.
Despite conflicting, predictions no ac
tion. It was learned authoritatively yes
.rrtav. has been taken by either the
unionised musicians or the stage hands
u.iih rrri to a sy'moattMtlc walkout.
I , (,,,-., n.i.vra have been held on It.
Motion Picture Machine Operators, has
been III and until he recovers stage
hands will remain in their present posl
tlons. The Muslclal Mutual Protective
Union Is still officially .neutral.
The Eoulty exnects to further the en
veloplng movement to-day by organising
the chorus girls. Tho ladles of. the
ensemble Insist with chorus girl logic
that they should be known as a branch
"under the auspices of the Actors Equity
Association, but not a 'part of it," P,
J. fitiMv. who organised the car strike In
Brooklyn, will address the rampant pony
ballet to-day at tneir meciina.
Centre on Winter dairden,
The, customary free show took place
outside strike headquarter In 158 West
Forty-fifth street yesterday, but there
was no disorder. As the Winter Gar
den was the only house open last night
the actors eoncentmtd on ploke tiny thU
theatre, which led to the arrest, of Rich
ard Oordon, an actor living at tho
Lambs Club, who was started on his way
to the Night Court by Stanley Sharp,
house manager. Sharp, who caused a
fine of 135 to be Imposed on Anthony
Hughes on Saturday night for disorderly
conduct, charged Gordon with Interfer
ing with patrons of the Winter Gar
Con tinned on Sixth Page.
most suitable buildings in Swiss towns.
Gorman retail firms havo a largo net
work ot'branchcs In Switzerland, own
ing numerous buildings.
The Germans prefer to renounce
Swiss financial aid, which is badly
needed, rather than sell this key pool
tlon tn Swiss economic life.
In all these cases German property
is very well known, for tho owners ore
controlled by tho big leading banks.
Germany dominates in Switzerland,
controlling it by a cleverly constructed
mechanism of trust companies, tho
nlectro-chemtcal Industry of tho coun
try, which during the blockado was of
utmost importance for her military re
sistance. Swiss attempts to repur
chase German owned shares of these
Swiss companies remain without suc
It would be rosy for Germany to
procure for horself In tho Swiss money
market noarly 100,000,000, which she
badly needs. If she would glvo up hor
selfish tendency to imperialistic ruier-
ship over a small neighboring country.
It la not to bo believed that It was
the intention or tho I'eaco Conferenco
to leavo Germany in possession of this
part of her foreign assets to bo used
in the way Indicated.
Officers Reported in Washing
ton to Have Orders to Bo
in Readiness. '
Senator Wants Peremptory
Demand on Moxieo for
Sptdal DetpatcJt to Tns Sex.
. JWi'JUNOTc.tf. Aug. 10. Rumir has
persisted tn army circles for several
days that something Is doing which
looks toward possible operations on tho
Mexican border. Tho story Is afloat
that Important officers have been com
pelled to adjust personal and family
plans to the requirement that they be
In readiness for .a possible early move
on the Rio Grande. A variation of this
Is that Gen. Pershing has been directed
to hold himself In readiness to com
mand nnother expedition In tho south.
Senator King (Utah), author ot the
resolution under which Uie Foreign Re
lations Committee Is to tnvctlgae Mex
ico, said to-day that he had heard these
stories, but had been unable to confirm
The general programme which Senator
King will urge Includes these features:
A thorough investigation to uncover
the true situation In Mexico, followed by :
A peremptory demand by thlj Govern
ment for the Immediate adoption and
enforcement by Mexico of measures for
the protection of American citizens and
Interests In Mexico, all confiscated or
looted property to be returned at once.
Reparation to be immediately assured
for all classes of dnmages sustained,
whether through loss of life or through
selxure or destruction of property.
Creation of a commission to deter
mine the exact measure of all damages,
Senator King suggests a commission of
ono American, one Mexican and one
neutral, or If preferable, a commission
of five neutrals.
Negotiation of a treaty providing for
Mexican liquidation of the b'U as deter
mined by such a commlssloi'. In event
of failure on Mexico s pari a prompt
blockado of Mexican ports and admin
istration of the custoniB until the dam
ages are liquidated.
"It Is Impossible to e.ttlmate the
amount of damages that Americans
will claim," said Senator King. "Fully
ten thousand Americans from Utah and
Arizona have been driven out ot Mexico
and have damage claims. Some run up
to $150,000 or even 1200,000. These are
entirely aside from Indemnities for lives
lost. They likewise do not Include
the damages sustained by mining, rail
road, oil, sugar and other big plantation
concerns, and the like. The aggregate
of damage claims will be from I00,
000,000 to 1500,000,000 and perhaps still
Senator Fall (N. M.), chairman of the
committee which 'will make the Investi
gation, has promised Senator King to
hold a meeting to-morrow, or Tuesday.
Senator King will be present.
"There will be a call," he said, 'for
all Information In the State Department.
It will be shown that Carranra Is not
ruling Mexico, but that he controls only
a smalt area along the main lines of
communication and In the porta, where
he Is able to keep troops ; while the rest
of the. country is dominated by bands
representing six or seven revolutionary
"American Interests In the Mexican
railroads represent the larger part of
the capital Investment. Carranxa has
selted and Is operating the railroads,
though protesting that they have not
been confiscated.
"Unless the United States acts soon
we cannot expect that England and
rrar.ee will continue to reelect the in.
terests of their people, who are losing
through the continuance or Mexican
Sehator King said his Information is
that the united States has about 28,000
troops alongithe border.
Where others sell
Why don't too buy
Th beat ISO and $100 tnveitmanta.
John Malr A Co II B'war Adv.
Americans and Allied Na
tions Deny Giving Sup-,
port to Movement.
French Say Reports Were
Issued to Bolster New
Paris Newspapers Fear Uni
versal Conflict as Result
of Idealism.
Staff Correipondtnt of Tas Sex.
Copirrlffkt, 1919. all ligMt rtttrvtd.
Vxbib, Aug. 10. Keports from
Ritdnpest that the Allies had sup
ported tho coup d'etnt of the Arch
duke Joseph In negotiations Immedi
ately prior thereto ore denied flatly
here, the Americans being indignant
over the suggestion. The French For
eign Office characterizes the reports
as inspired by tho new Hungarian
Government in an effort to strengthen
Its position.
Proof of the falsity of this charge Is
ufforded by the fact that Slgnor Co
tnanelll, the Italian representative of
the All.lcs, was in liudapcat nt the
tlmo of tho coup d'etat, and also flint
Gen. Gorton, the British agent, and
the American representative there
both sent reports describing the new
Government as extremely reactionary.
How far the Itumanlans are behind
these monccuvres still Is doubtful. M.
Dlmamly, formerly numnnlan Mln
Ister at Petrograd and recently a
member of the delegation In Paris, Is
known to havo arrived at Budapest,
where ho Is establishing relations with
the new Government.
Interior Rumania Affected.
Already tho events in Hungary hsve
had a favorable, repercussion on tho
Interior situation In Rumania. The
Bratlano Ministry, which had been
much weakened by the failure of tho
Premier In Parte to prevent the lncltr
slon of the minorities clau.e In the
ftence treaty, has now been consider
ably strengthened.
The Council still Is without an an
swer to the two notes sent last week,
While at first this was attributed to
defective communications, the non
arrival of any reply this morning has
cast many doubts on the Intentions of
the, Rumanians, who still appear to
be In a position to defy the Peace Coa
rerence witn impunity.
The French newspapers continue to
enlarge upon the collision In the con
ferencc between the Wlteon policy,
which tho Americans nre seeking to
Impose upon Euro)ean diplomacy, nnd
the practical Ideas which they say
should prevail at this time. Explain
Ing that France Is between two fires,
the Gaulois, In a typical article, pays
tho people ot Franco, who hailed the
ousting of Beln Klin as a prelude to
the end of Bolshevism, now see the
kind of diplomacy which characterized
the councils of the Allies for a long
time throughout the war.
Aaka Wbere the Famlt Lies.
The newspaper then adds:
"Those who command do not see;
those who see are not heard. Whence
come these lamentable psychological
errors, tnese trreparaDie political
faults, these contradictory Institu
tions, these dlsustrouB hesitations?
France Is not alone in Imposing her
will ; her opinion sometimes Is fought
and defeated; she mnst conform her
self to the Wllsonlan doctrine this
doctrine Is so basically human, so
ardently Idealistic that soon or late
It must result fatally in a universal
conflict of peoples."
1 (J tSC. r SlL.lnj OULV'over the graves of rclatles killed on
the battlefields of France, at tho Dar
Flouted, Says British Paper,
Pointing to Hungary.
Special Vlrelett Deipitch to Tax Sen.
Oopyriglt, 1318. all rightt reterved.
London, Aug. 10. Discussing the
Hungarian situation,, the Manchester
Guardian, which consistently has up
held the theories ot President Wilson,
laments the failure of the ideas ad
vanced at Paris, saying;
"This spectacle of Indiscipline Is
humiliating and ominous, but none can
be surprised, for the Peace Conference
lohg ago lost the rcpeot of Europe.
It allowed Its authority to bt flouted,
It encouraged the smaller Powers to try
to force Us decisions, It neither Im
posed nor obeyed any consistent prin
ciple of public policy.
"The fate of the Karolyl Govern
ment m Hungary was brought about
by confusion that either was wilful
or stupid on the part of agents of the
conference. That Incident, which has
brought many troubles In Its train, was
characteristic. If the conference had
been animated throughout by a simple
desire to reconstruct Europe on lines
that wore reasonable and on aattonal
principles their task would have been
Continued on Sixth Page.
Hundreds Wounded in Clash
Bctwcon Chemnitz Citizens
and Military.
Government Rccnforccments
Still Negotiating With
Mob Leaders.
Bv th? Attoctattt rreti. .
Chemnitz, Baxony, Aug. 10. Sixty
to eighty soldiers were killed and 200
wounded in the fighting food riots
Friday, according to prlvato estimates
here. Ten civilians were killed and
fifty wounded. '
Tho city Is now quiet and trains are
By the Aiioctated Prett.
CorENiiAiEK, Aug. 9 (delayed).
Comparative quiet has been restorod at
Chemnitz, Saxony, where scores of per
sons wero killed Friday during food
riots Inspired by Spartacan agitators,
according to advices from Berlin.
Various Important buildings are still
in the hands of the Government forces,
but the majority of the troops have
withdrawn behind the Ancrswalde-Ober-
l.'chtenau line.
Further Government rcenforcementa
have arrived on the outskirts of Chem
nltz. Negotiations with tho rlotcra are
In progress.
London, Aul. IS. The Copenhagen
correspondent of the Central News re
ports that the police of Malmoe, Sweden,
are holding two packages of Jewels and
securities, dropped from an airplane, and
which they believe to bo the property of
the former royal ifamlly of Saxony.
Coast guards saw tho packagea thrown
from the airplane. They were picked up
by two Germans, who claimed the valu
ables as their property.
Press Says C. O. P. Seeks to
Discredit Wilson.
By the Attociatett Prett.
Tokio. Aug. 7 (delayed). The
newspapers generally are treating calm
ly In their editorial comment the va
rious phases of the debate In the United
States Senate on the question of Shan
tung. The opinion most widely ad
vanced Is that the Republican Senators,
who are opposing the provision In the
Peace Treaty relattng to Shantung, are
using their arguments against Japan
mostly for political purposes and with
the Idea of discrediting President Wilson.
The newspapers declare that no matter
what action the Senate may take In the
premises It cannot affect Japan's in
terests as acquired under the treaty,
which will be ratified by the other
Powers. The Vorodsu Choho expresses
the fear that the "excessive antl-Jap-aneae
allegations" will adversely affect
the good relations botween Japan and
the United States, but says It considers
the attitude of the Republicans as an
attempt to "promote party Interests".
After pointing out that it Is Japan's
intention to restore Shantung to China
and to conduct economic undertakings In
Shantung Jointly with the Chinese, tho
llochi Shimbun Interprets the attitude of
the Republican Senators as being based
on America's desire, to achieve a world
economic conquest. Including China,
from which she desires to oust Japan
The Jiji KMmpo says the Japanese
Minister to China already lias opened
negotiations with China concerning
Shantung. It adds Japan is ready .to
make restitution of Shaptung as soon 'as
China Is prepared to fulfil the terms of
the dual agreement concerning Shantung
and that Japan will withdraw her troops
and divide Tslngtao Into three settle
ments, Japanese, Chinese and Interna
Order Regarding War Vic
tims' Graves Resented.
Special Cable Despatch to Tax Sex from the
London Timet Service.
Copyright, I'M. aJf right t reterved
London, Aug. 10. A large number of
British people strongly resent the de
cision of the Government not to allow
danelles and other places, also the order
to keep the memorials uniform. The
critics say they should be allowed to
honor their dead as they wish them to
be honored, Tho question affects almost
every home throughout the country,
The question of the permanency of the
cenotaph to "the glorious dead" stand
ing In Whitehall also Is being raised.
Every day sees the rich and poor, old
and young, taking wreaths to place on
the cenotaph In the middle of the busy
street procession of traffic
There are no distinctions among those
gathered around the elmplo monument
to pay their tribute to relatives lost In
the war. Many tears have been shed;
and the spot has become sacred to the
men who died.
Now It Is proposed td remove the
monument to Parliament Square In
front of Westminster Abbey and to make
it of marble, nut It is pointed out that
marble Is unsultablo In Great Britain.
In eighty years marble monuments tail
to pieces, the Inscriptions become un
readable and one marble statue In Man
chester lost 1 per cent, of Its weight In
a year.
Portland stone is recommended, as the
King Charles I. monument of this ma
terial resisted the weather 250 years.
There is now '.o be a keeper, preferably
a soldier's widow, for the cenotaph le
keep thi flowers and wreaths In order.
Fashionably Dressed Women
of London Flock to Open
Air Markets.
Gouging Dealers See Profits
Vanish as People Get
Special Cable DetpatcH to Tns Sc.v from the
London Tlfiet Service.
Cbpvriaht. all rights reierved.
London, Aug. 10. Tho British
people, like the French, aro In ro-
volt against high prices and profiteer
ing and aro seeking to discover some
means by which to reduce the
cost of living. Tho inauguration of
open air markets Is tho latest idea by
which to defeat the profiteers and has
proved a great success.
At Ilford, a town within the London
radius, the market yesterday was
crowded with fashionably dressed
women and men, many of tho latter
wearing silk hats. From an early
hour people from all parts of Essex
and London bought groat quantities
of fish, vegetables, fowl and rabbits,
and fruits of all kinds at prices, In
many cases, 50 per cent, below those
of tho shops of tho town.
The market was a surprisingly busy
scene, with the smiling faces of tho
salesmen, many ot whom wear badges
showing war service as souvenirs, and
happy purchasers. The only people who
protest are the shopkeepers, who com
plain of unfair competition, as tho sellers
pay no rent for the Malls In the market.
At Southland, the mouth of the
Thames, an open air antl-proflteerlng
market was opened. Ono hundred and
r.lxty stalls are selling. Fish within
tho shops cost half a dollar, but only
25 cents In the market, and vegetables
rhow a reduction of 25 per cent, on the
The shopkeepers reduced prices to
meet competition, tut tho market "till
is the cheapest' place In town for the
Sixteen Accused of Slaying a
r m, ' m. a Ci 1.1. I
Compatriot at ZtOCItnoim.
London, Aug. 10. Sixteen Kussians.
Including five women, are In prison In
Stockholm and fifty mye are being de
tained on- suspicion of being members of
a political murder league believed to
havo been concerned In the killing of
Nko!al ArdasJefC" a prominent member
of the Russian colony In Stockholm, ac
cording to the correspondent In that
city of the Weekly Dtepatch. ThQ bodies
of three other persons believed to have
been victims of the league have been
found In a lake1 near Stockholm, and sev
ere.' other prominent Russians from the
large colony of exiles In Stockholm are
The Stockholm police, the correspond
ent says, bellevo that those arrested be
long to a Bolshevik organisation, which
s contrary to early reports Identifying
them a9 members of an organisation
which had for its purpose the restora
tion of the Russian monarchy. The
Stockholm hotels and villas are filled
with Russian refugees, some of whom
are mysterious characters with plenty
of money.
"Who nre Holsneviui ana wno arc noi
Bolshevik! of the actors In this web of
crimes cannot be unravelled from the
various conflicting newspaper stories,"
the correspondent adds, "and specula
tions and accusations are rlfo In the
Stockholm Russian community. It may
be that the three victims found In the
lake were murdered only for their
The correspondent's story of the mur
der of Ardasjeff says that the latter was
lured to a villa outside of Stockholm,
where he was chained to n wall for
twenty-six hours with food or water.
The next day a court-martial of twenty
assembled and after a 'brief trial Ardas
jeff was found Kullty of treason and sen
tenced to death. It was announced by
a member of the court-martial, the cor
respondent continues, that If Ardasjeff
would sign several blank checks his life
would be spared. He signed the checks,
tut then was strangled slowly to death.
Ilattlrahlp 120 Miles Array nt a
o'clock Vrstenlny.
Sr. John's, N. F. Aug. 10. The Ad.
mlrally wireless station announced to
night the British battleship Renown, on
which the Prince of Wales is coming to
thin colony and Cnnadaf was met by the
crrulser Dauntless 120 miles oft St.
John's at 3 o'clock this afternoon.
The cruiser Dragon was accompany
ing the Renown. The Dauntless pre
ceded the other warships to this port
laet week to make arrangements for the
reception of the royal visitor.
The flotilla was proceeding slowly to
night In good weather, with a full moon
and no fog, and will enter Conception
Ray early to-morrow. It Is expected
that the Renown will cruise around the
bay to-morrow and will come to this
city on Tuesday.
AVtll Ocrnpy Camp nt Illnenhorn
nnd Town ttf Mstlmrdy.
Sj the Attwlul.i Ttt.
Brussbls, Aug, 10. Belgian troops
will occupy tho Malmedy district of
Rhenish Prussia next Tuesday. One bat
talion of carbineers will take over the
caipp at Elsenborn and one squadron of
cavalry win enter tne town or Malmedy
Announcement of the approaching oc
cupation of the district was made by the
War Office to-day.
Fair Price Bodies All Over
U.S. to Collect Needed
Nationwide Plan Devised to
Curb Undue Food
Federal Attorney in Every Sec
tion to Show No Mercy
to Gougers.
Special Despatch to Tns Sex.
Washinoton, Aug. 10. Cooperation
by citizens of every walk of life is
urged by Attorney-General Palmer as
a natural adjunct to tho Administra
tion's campaign' against altltudlnous
prices for tho necessaries of life.
A scheme of prodigious scope and
apparent utility which the Attorney
General advocates Includes the organi
zation of "fair prlco committees" in
every community who will discuss
profits and seek means of restricting
undue and unfair surpluses In costs',
both in tho primary and secondary
markets. These faU: prlco committees,
It also Is suggested, will cooperato with
the Federal prosecuting officers
throughout tho land and report with
substantiating ovldcnco all Instances
of violation of existing laws against
hoarding, restraint of free markets aad
similar offences.
Palmer's Call for Aid.
With this general object In view Mr.
Palmer has despatched the following
telegrams to all Stato Food Adminis
trators throughout the United States:
"In order to secure accurate Informa
tion relative to charges of profiteering
by dealers In necessary commodities it
Is the desire of the Government to a&r
certaln whether or not such dealers are
making more than a fair margin of
profit Will you assist in your State
by requesting those persona who have
been county food administrators under
your Jurisdiction to appoint fair price
committees, Including ono retailer of
groceries, ono of dry goods, a repre
sentative of the producers, of organ
ised labor, of housewives, two or three
representatives of the public generally,
talso a wholesaler when practicable?
"Please request them to pursue ap-
'proximately the same Inquiries with
reference to food products and the
ordinary necessities of dry goods and
clothing that were pursued by your fair
price committees under tho Food Ad
ministration act. Tins committee will
ke an extra legal body without power
to summon witnesses or fix prices. It
is requested, however, to ascertain the
cost prices, determine a fair margin of
profit and If retail prices are In excess
of what the committee regards a fair
price to have published its list of fair
prices, reporting to you for review.
You are requested to report to the De
partment of Justice a general review
of the situation In your State.
ETldenee to ne Heard,
"Any evidence of hoarding or other
violations of the food control act which
may be developed In the work of such
commlttcea should be turned over to the
United States Attorney, who Will be In
structed to employ all his resources as
well ns those of the Bureau of Investi
gation to ,cooperate with you and your
committees in seeking out and punishing
all violators of the law.
"There Is a pressing necessity for the
restoration of normal conditions and
It Is believed that through the same or
ganization which you had as Federal
food administrator you and your county
administrators together with their op
nplntees can render a valuable service,
to the country at this time, and your
cooperation and theirs, without com
pensation will be greatly appreciated.
"Tho widest (publicity of this move
ment and tho results obtained by the
county committees It Is believed wilt bo
an Important f.ictor In Its success.
Please wire whether the tlovcrnmen'
can count upon your active coopei
atlon." COST OF LIVING 71 P. C.
Clothing Highest, Food-Next,
in National Board Survey.
The cost of living for American wage
earners was 71 "per cent, higher In Jul),
1919, than at the beginning of the world
war In July, 1914, according to a state
ment Issued yesterday by the National
Industrial Conference Hoard of Roston,
Cased on a careful turvey of conditions
the country ovaj-.
This is an Increase of 6 per cent, since
March, 1919, and of 12 per cent, since a,
year ago. The necessary living expenses
are Itemized as follows! Food, 43.1 per
cent, of total; shelter, 17.7 per cent.;
clothing. 13.2 per cent.; fuel, heat and
light, 5.8 per cent., and sundries, 20,4
per cent.
Individual Increase In each Item since
the beginning of the war:
Food k
Shelter n
Clothlnt 10)
Tuel. heat and light s;
Sundries (i
Increases since last March were aa
follows :
Foo4 t.t
Shelter .t
riothtnr io.s
Fuel, heat and llrht No chant
Sundries C
Average retail prices ot food ns col
lected by the United stales Bureau of
labor statistics have been accepted by
tho board as the best available measure
of changes In the cost of this Item
For all others, original data were ob
tained by the board through replies
to detailed questionnaires distributed to
Continued p Jifh Page,

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