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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, September 21, 1919, Image 1

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Partly fcloudy and warmer to-day;
showers to-night or to-morrow.
Highest temperature yesterday, 8r $ lowest, 65
Dttalled weather report! on editorial pat.
NEW YOltK, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 2JL, 1919. owrtoM. , tv t. mmis, 0i mmm -asocial. 92 PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS
fl V?iiflME7 Y)
Garrison Warns That Jt
Cannot Pay llental to
Brooklyn City Co.
fatter Company Has Been
Hun at Loss of $50,000.
Every Month.
The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Com
pany may liic tho lines that aro the
backbone of Its surface system. Llnd
ley M. Garrison, receiver, will inform
Federal Judge Julius M. Mayor on
Eeptember 29 that ho will not bo ablo
to pay rental due the Brooklyn City
Railroad Company 'on October 1 and
ask for Instructions. Judge Mayer
severed the Eighth and Ninth avenue
Bnes of tho New York Railways Com
pany in Manhattan on a petition for
Instructions under somewhat similar
Whether twenty-six surface lines will
tie cut from the B. n. T. system depends
tpon the attitude of the owners and the
Judgment of the court A circular sent
yesterday by Frank Lyman, president
of the Brotklyn City Railroad Company,
to stockholders of that company an-1
nounced the appointment of a committee
thtt "has been charged with power to
take such steps as may be found to be
necessary to protect the Interests of the
company and Its security holders."
Non-payment of the October rental
Instalment will cause the Brooklyn City
Company to pass payment of Its October
dividend. The company has J12.000.000
In capital stock outstanding no .part of
which is owned fthe B:,R. T. "Its
lease Is to the Brooklyn Heights Rail
road Company, a subsidiary of the B.
R. T., for 939 years at 31.200.000, pay
able In quarterly Instalments, with taxes
ted Interest on bonds additional. Taxes
amount to more than $150,000 a year.
Slxtr Days of Grace.
The lease glvea the lessee sixty days
of trace In the event of a tentative de
fault In a rental instalment, so that an
adjustment will bo possible until Decem
ber 1, The lessor company has 36.925,
800 In bonds outstanding, of which 34,
111,000 are In the hands of the public.
The Brooklyn City Company Is the
enly leased railroad system In the B.
R. T., but as It owns 131 miles of
single surface track In the borough.
It Is the backbone of the B. R, T.
trolley system. The lines It controls
are Avenue C, Bushwlck avenue. Cal
vary Cemetery, Court street, Crosstown,
Cypress Hills, Flatbush avenue, flush
ing avenue, Flushing-Knickerbocker,
Flushlns-Rldgewood, Fulton street.
Gates avenue, Graham avenue. Grand
street. OreenDolnt. Hamilton avenue.
Lorlmer street, Myrtle avenue, Nassau
avenue. Nostrand avenue, Putnam ave
nue. Richmond Hill. Sixteenth avenue,
Sixty-fifth street. Bay Ridge, Sixty-fifth
VMrcet-Fort Hamilton. Third avenue,
Thirty-ninth street-Fort Hamilton,
Tompkins avenue and Union avenue.
Defaulted September IS.
The B. R. T. made default on Sep
tember 15 In the payment of MS, 034
due as the Income tax for 1918 of the
lessor company. The lessor paid the
tax Instalment to avoid the penalties.
The situation Is one of difficulty.
While a severance would Involve tho
abolition of 2 cent transfers between
lines of the Brooklyn City Company
and other surface lines of the B. R. T.
this relief would be relatively slight,
because the Brooklyn City Company
bas nearly one-half of the total track
age of the entire B. R. T. surface
system. .
As an Independent system, the Brook
lyn City Company has been losing
150,000 a month on operating expenses,
according to the estimates of the re
ceiver's experts. The company had
J00.O0O In cash reserve on July 15
and the estimated deficit would mako
short work of thin.
The committee for the stockholders
w composed of President Lyman, Vlce-
jresiaent Henry F. Noyes, Alfred R.
Rorr, James Ttmpson and Harold T.
'ARREST FOR $1,000,000
32 Banks Victimized and IS
Men Killed.
Special Veipatch to Tn Sex.
. 8t- Louis, Sept. 20. Walter L. Ma
jor, also known as O. W. Von Myre,
1 year nl'l ... .
re by operatives of the FInkerton
yi nnd Iocal detectives to-day in
in """"on wKh the theft of 11.000,000
i.rrertjr bonds from thirty-two banks
If..? the last lx months in which
mieert men have been killed. The rob
beries occurred In Missouri, Kansas,
Texas and Oklahoma.
With Major at the time of his ar-
i.i " a weman who first gave her
wfc i 18 r' Pttulln von Myre, but
ucmeo. inai rne was Major's
yil' S,ha al, "fused to tell the police
?..Mral. name' but admitted that she
resided In Ki.ri.s- r-.... .
Major, It Is alleged, Is a member of
,.iv,f wh'ch- "i August IT, held up a
rambling house at 1209 Grand avenue,
W.a Ciir' klIllnB one th9
epers. In the battle which followed
.ii'ma" Jonn " rorU was killed,
another policeman wounded seriously
ot .th0 bandits shot and
Sinn Fein Journals in
Ireland Suppressed
J)UBLIN, Sept. 20. The" fivo
leading Sinn Fein organs and
transport workers newspapers, as
well as soveral provincial week
lies, were suppressed to-day by
the police because they had pub
lished advertisements for the so
called Irish Republican loan.
Where newspapers operated their
own plants the raiders rendered
the presses unworkable.
End Comes to Head of Intcr
' borough Rapid, Transit
Early This Morning.
Mastered-Task of Saving thd
Transportation System of
City Prom Chaos.
Theodore P. Shonts, president of
tho Interborough Rapid Transit Com
pany and one I of tho best known
street railway executives In tho world,
died at 1:39 o'clock this morning In
his home at 330 Park avenue. He
had been ill since last June, when ho
was stricken in the Interborough of-
flees. Since then ho had been close
to death many times, but rallied re
peatedly, giving hope that eventually
he 'would emerge the victor in tho
long battle he had waged for life.
Mr. Shonts suffered another relapse a
few days ago, and yesterday his
physician again reported that ho was
a very sick man. In the afternoon
they reported his condition was criti
cal and toward night announced that
his caso was virtually hopeless. From
them on to tho end his condition con
tinued to grow worse and every ef
fort to restore him to consciousness
When he was taken 111 originally Mr.
Shonts apeared to be suffering from a
goneral breakdown. Congestion of the
lungs developed from this Illness. An
operation afforded some relief, and then
the patient was called upon to undergo
two more operations. Each time he
rallied, his remarkable vitality assert
ing itself In his favor on each occasion.
At least six or seven times during the
summer Mr. Shonts's relatlveand the
physicians attending htm virtually gave
up hope for his recovery, but each time
there came a change which renewed their
belief that eventually his extraordinary
fighting power would win.
The two greatest achievements in the
career of Theodore. Perry Shonts, presi
dent of the Interborough Rapid Transit
Company and affiliated transportation
lines, have been his organization of
work upon the Panama Canal during
President Roosevelt's Administration,
which paved the way for the successful
completion of the project, and his de
velopment of the New York subway
systems under a plan by which the
municipality becomes a partner in the
building and operation of Its railways.
Herculean Tasks Completed.
Both ot these Jobs constituted her
culean tasks, but In each case Mr.
Shonts tackled his problems boldly and
successfully. Both at Panama and in
New York Mr. Shonts brought order out
of chaos and left his work in such
shape that his successors would be able
to carry It on.
Mr. Shonts was selected to head the
second Isthmian Canal Commission in
1901 after the first commission had failed
to show satisfactory results. President
Roosevelt was convinced that a good
railroad man was needed for the work,
and Paul Morton, then Secretary of the
Navy, suggested Mr. Shonts. At tne
President's request William Howard
Tnft, then Secretary .of War, wrote sev
eral prominent business men stating that
Mr. Shonts was being considered for the
responsible post and asking their opinion
upon his qualifications. All of the re
piles assured Mr. Taft that Mr. Shonts
was "Just the man for the Job."
Accordingly President Roosevelt wired
Mr. Shonts offering htm the position and
his (communication was delivered In
March, 1905, when Mr. Shonts was cruis
ing the West indies as guest of Mr.
Morton on the latter's yacht, the Dol
Mr. Shonts- was surprised. He said
at the time that he knew very little
about Panama; but he recognized the
shrewdness of the President In selecting
a railroad man to head the commission,
for he considered the big problem to be
transportation the moving of exca
vated material from the cut to trie spill
banks the moving of sand, rock, ce
ment and iron to the points for the lo
cation of the locks along the route.
He knew that the condition at the
time was chaotlot that Mr. Taft had
said of the first commission that it had
not " so developed itself into an execu
tlve body as to give hopethat it might
bo u&ed .successfully as an Instrument
for carrying on the immense executive
burden Involved In tho construction of
tho canal."
Tho acceptance of the President's of
fer meant material sacrifice, but he con
sidered it his patriotic duty to accept
provided he might receive full author
ity, for he felt that by no other means
could success pe auameu.
A few .days later Mr. Shonts gave his.
answer to the President personally la
the White House.
"Mr, President," he said, "I have an
Continued on Fourteenth Page,
President Cordially Dis
liked in Metropolis of,
Southern California.
Intimation That Roosevelt
Held Similar league View
Adds to Animosity.
H) a Staff Correspondent of Tns Sex.
Los Angeles, Sept. 20. Here is a
city which so earnestly dislikes Presi
dent Wilson that any cause he favors
Is Injured before discussion Is possible.
Any.stpck that Mr. Wilson under
writes instantly is depreciated in the
public estimation. This statement is
not founded upon Burmise, for the peo
ple rush to crowd their cstlmato of Mr.
Wilson upon tho first comer. This sin
gularly keen dislike Is bo palpable that
It detracts from the respect due to tho
President of the United States.
Tho reception in Los Angeles has
Jbecn of poor quality. Tho effort to be
amiable is painfully patent. The crowds
that gather in tho streets to watch the
President pass by applaud scarcely at
all. Murmurs savoring of derision are
perfectly audible. It is a dislike, pco
pie tell you, that is based upon dis
trust and disappointment. There is a
definite feeling In this part of the Stato
of California that Mr. Wilson mado
too many promises that ho did not
There is an angry feeling that he
has lost sight of the Interests of the
United States in efforts to doctor a sick
wpr. There lsnf feeUngih"krhe ha
surrendered to Japan, aiany persons
that would favor a League of Nations
otherwise oppose a league because Mr.
Wilson is its most prominent cham
pion. Persons that dislike Hiram John-
i ton aro supporting Hiram Johnson's
views solely because Hiram Johnson
expresses their own animosity toward
Woodrow Wilson.
Why People Are Opposed.
Reasoned discussion of the merits of
the peace treaty and the covenant of the
League of Nations Is virtually Im
possible In a community of this state
of mind. It Is a disagreeable phenom
enon. Nowhere has partisan bias en
tered so sharply Into tho controversy,
although it Is scarcely accurate to state
that partisan bias Is the controlling In
fluence In the hostility to what Mr. Wil
son advocates, for very many Democrats
are as downright in their expressions of
disgust as are the rabldest Republicans.
When these people are urged to put
aside partlsdn feeling and aro Implored,
as Mr. Wilson so often Implores them,
to consider the question of the League
of Nations without reference to the elec
tion ot 1920, they reply Impatiently,
asserting that It Mr. Wilson's 'cause Is
now suffering because of partisan feel
ing It Is because he himself never has
lost a chance to be a partisan ;and
they Instance the one-Bided composition
of tho American peace commission, the
Ignoring by Mr. Wilson of the Repub
lican majority of the Senate and. most
of all, the partisan appeal he made Just
before the Congress election ,of 1918.
One says that a city earnestly dislikes
Mr. Wilson because that Is the most
concrete way of stating the fact.
There are elements here which fanati
cally support him and Ills special pleh.
but these elements are deeply In the
minority. They are mado up, as Is true
In so many communities, of the "In
tellectuals" women and men who are
dabbling In a dllletantlsh sort of way In
socialism; who believe that the time has
come to get away from the silly fetish
of devotion to one country and to assert
loyalty to all mankind.
Labor Element Included.
They, are partly composed ot the rag
tag and bobtail of labor unrest; of the
worthless so-called labor elements that
are at the bottom of the revolutionary
agitation in the West; thny are sup
ported by Western replicas of Scott Near
Ing. They tike the kind of talk that
Mr. Wilson hands out definite encour
agement of agitation, persistent empha
sis of the theory that wrongs exist, that
"industrial democracy" must be brought
about, that the world is seething with
dissatisfaction and that some persons,
"certain gentlemen," would better have
a care.
The body of the people are sick ot
this sort of thing; they have lost faith
In Woodrow Wilson's sincerity. They
have got an idea fixed In, their heads
that he Is going to run again in 1920
and that he Is making appeals to the
elements ha relies upon for his strong
est support When they combine this
notion with the feeling that Mr. Wil
son In Paris traded the future tran
quillity of the United States for a
league ot nations the result Is positive
dislike. The commonest remark one
can hear In Los Angeles Is; "I voted
for him in 1916, but never again." As
It chanced a very trivial episode this
morning sharpened public resentment.
The city ofllclals and the various
committees had planned to greet Mr.
Wilson at 12:30 P. M. on his arrival
from San Diego, where he was to have
passed the night, or at Coronado rather ;
but thero was a sudden change of plan
by the President, who decided last night
that he would get his rest on the train
Continued on Third Pago.
200,000 Would Be Raised Yearly by Conscription;
150,000 to Volunteer This Would Establish
a War Strength of 4,000,000.
By lAe Uftoefaied Trttt.
Paris, Sept. 20. A peace time army
of 350,000 men and reduction of the
term of military service from three
years to one aro recommended to the
Military Committee of tho Senate in a
report submitted yesterday by Paul
Doumer, its president, former Minister
of State. Under his plan 266,000 men
would bo called to iho colors annually
by conscription and 150,000 others re
cruited through voluntary enlistment.
Asked to preparo a report with rec
ommendations, M. Doumcr's reply was
that after tho ratification of. th? peace
treaty it will be safe for Franco to
take two years off the term of obliga
tory military service. This would re
duco the effective strength of tlie army
below the point of prudence, he said.
British Men in Public Lifo
Bid Farewell to New Am
bassador to America.
Improved Relations Between
Two Nations Is Expected to
Reduce Danger of Wars.
.JSptcUl Cable Deipatch !
HVVrrfJ.' Vrxai-rtMt nurvtt,- - .
LokdoK, Sept. 20. With his luggage
bulging with boxes of his favorite tea.
Viscount Grey departed from London
this morning to embark on the Maure
tanla for tho United States. A con
siderable party gathered at Waterloo
station to see him off, including Lord
Reading, Lord Curzon, Lord Bryce,
Lord Harcourt, Winston Churchill and
Butler Wright, the last named repre
senting the American Embassy.
Viscount Grey's mission to the United
States. It Is believed here, will flgurs
hereafter as one of the decisive event
In the world's history. At least sucn
was tho tenor of the comment among
this group of notables as they waved
farewell. It was Impossible to exag
gerate the Importance of the work. It
was declared, for which Lord Grey was
leaving, the repose to which his past
cervices and his falling eyesight entitled
Not every one agrees with Lord Grey's
enthusiastic championship of the League
of Nations, but regardless of differences
of opinion on this point most English
men feel that the success of any at
tempt to minimize the risk of war de
pends ultimately on the relations be
tween Great. Britain and the United
States. If these two Powers, holding
between them such enormous resources,
can be guided in their diplomatic re
lations by men of the typo of Viscount
Grey nothing can resist them. This Is
- . ... . , . V. - T4 1
me view wiaeiy expretneu m mo
lsh newspapers to-day. In wishing Lord
Grey all success on his mission.
"If England arid America corao to
gether In the cause of peace," says the
Evening Standard, "tney can mane mo
peace effective. The Importance to tho
world, therefore, as well as to us, ot
Lord Grey's work Is enormous. He has
two great assets: he believes In his mis
sion and everybody believes In him. No
man has emerged from the test of the
war with a more spotless reputation for
Integrity and Justice.
"We do not Ignore Lord Greys ann-
cultloa. It Is fatally easy for mischief
makers to breed trouble between two
parties in an alliance; appeals to tho
vanity or eusceptlbliltles ot both are too
likely to be accepted, uetween inis
country and America there Is the very
serious shadow of the Irish trouble, for
which we are not entirely responsible.
But we do not despair that Lord Grey
will succeed In .bringing about what the
best and wisest minds on both sides of
the AUantlo desire a full understancyng
between the two parties."
The other papers comment In n simi
lar vein, seeing nothing out good, to re
suit from Lord Grey's mission.
Officially Announced He Won't ,De
Foreign Secretary. i
J9y tX Uttodattd Prttt.
Berlin, Sept 19. (delayed). It Is
officially denied that Count von Berns
torff, former Ambassador to the United
States, Is to be made State Secretary ot
the Foreign Office.
A Berlin despatch ot September 18
quoted the Zeitunp am iltttag as declar
ing Von Bernatorff would become per
manent State Secretary of the Foreign
Office. ,
Charles Remains In Switzerland,
Geneva, Sept. 20. Hx-Emperor
Charles has denied officially a report
that he plans to go to Santander, Spain,
to live, according to a statement Issued
to-day by his secretary. The one
time royal couple, it Is said, will remain
in b-wiizeriftna.
but the difference could easily bo mado
up In his opinion by voluntary enlist
ments. This system would make tho French
army on a war footing total 4,000,000
men, divided into an active army of
1,3QO,000 men, 700,000 reservists and
2,000,000 territorials.
M. Doumer would maintain the pres
ent military divisions of France, trans
ferring only the Twenty-first Corps
from Kpinal, capital of the Department
of Vosgcs, in Straiburg. Northern
Africa would have two corps instead of
one, the second having headquarters
at Rabat, Morocco. Bach corps would
bo reduced to one division Instead of
two, excepting three corps on tho fron
tier and tho African corps, each of
which would detach a division for ser
vice on the Rhone river.
Telegrams Sent to Hundred
Men Asking Each for
$1,000 Donation.
Money Will Bo Used for Prop
aganda to Hasten Rati- v
One hundred financially and politi
cally' qualified citizens distributed over
the eastern part of the country re
ceived the following 'Very urgent" call
yesterday from the League to Enforce
Peace, with offices at 130 West Forty
second street:
"Crisis at hand will detcrmlno whether
America Joins League of Nations or
forsakes Allies and negotiates separate
peace with Germany. Vote for any
reservations may require resubmission
and endanger treaty. Will you Join
nlnety-nlno others in giving 31,000
each to League to Enforce Peace,
William H. Taft president, for imme
diate use in arousing the country to
demand prompt ratification in form
that will not send treaty back for fur
ther negotiations and delay world pa
cification. Matter very urgent.
Clxuiand H. Doooe.
Oscar S. Straus,
Vanch McCokuick,
, Herbert S. Houston,
Finance committee League to' enforce
It Is assumed that many of the 100
will respond because the names wero se
lected from a card Index conveniently
noting the pecuniary ability and the
equally Important detail of the political
tendency of the 100 chosen citizens to
dig down' for the desired cash.
Excepting Mr. Straus none of the
five who signed the telegram could bp
reached yesterday, but he made It clear
that Mr. McCormlck had not evolved this
Idea. It had sprung Into being spon
taneously in the league's office when the
full significance ot "the situation" was
comprehended. .
"Publicity costs money," observed Mr.
Straus. "There has been much misstate
ment about the league. The money Is
for publicity, for clarification In tba
minds of the public"
At the league office It was said tele
grams were used not bo much because
this was an S O S to rescue the disputed
and precarious document, but because
one of the very first rules of all the latest
volumes on salesmanship says that "tel
egrams get results."
The results up to last night were not
announced, however.
Trophy Shows William Stayed
Well in Rear.
Washington, Sept 20 To the col
lection of war trophies which the Smith
sonian Institution Is how gathering
will be added shortly the field kitchen
of William Hohenzollern, late Kaiser
of Germany.
German prisoners of war this week
loaded the kitchen -which Is said to be
o moat elaborate affair of tho kind
aboard a transport at et, Nazalre,
France, and it la on its way to Wash
ington, with a large collection of war
material of different kinds. The
kitchen followed the Kaiser all over
Europe while the war was on, to all
of the fighting fronts which he visited,
but shows no signs of damage, which
is taken to Indicate that It kept as far
to the rear as did Its Imperial owner.
The Institution, among other trophies,
has received the grand war map, on
which Gen. Pershing and his staff
worked out the strategical problems
which the American armies carried
through. It will be housed within the
same chamber that It occupied during
the war, floor, wall, table and chairs
having been secured for It. Uniforms
cr ail nations,-weapons, airplanes, docu
ments and munitions used In combat
i constitute tne balance of the collection.
Democrats Tear His Vote
May Be Needed on John
son Amendment.
Senators Believe Wilson's
Campaign to Frighten Na
tion Has Failed Miserably.
Special Despatch to lot ,Sc.
Washington, Sept. 20. October 1
was named to-day as tho approximate
date on which the Senate will report
tho first test vote on any proposition
related to tho peace treaty or League
of Nations.
This was given as the Judgment of
tho Senate leaders. Tho Democrats
are making determined efforts to
hasten tho showdown because of their I
conviction that their position Is grow
ing dally weaker as tho country is at
taining a better understanding of the
whole proposition. While maintaining
the most confident front, for a fort
night they have been admitting among
themselves that tho President's effort
to frighten tho country into lino for
ratification has falled-mlserably.
The stories which aro now coming In
from the Johnson-Borah tour of tho
West havo mado It plain that their
meetings have produced real enthusi
asm among tho opposition.
Although the Democrats boasted to
day that they had sufficient votes fifty
at an offhand approximation to prevent
the passage of the Johnson amendment,
the leaders of the forces advocating the
passage of tho treaty saw fit to send a
telegram to Vice-President Marshall ad
vising hlm to return to the capital In
time for tlio first test vote. The Demo
cratic leaders were careful to explain
that they had no Idea that a tie vote
might result and the Vice-President,
exercising 'his right In that event, might
cast the deciding vote. At the same
time these Democratic chiefs thought It
would be following a policy of "safety
first" to have tho Vice-President In the
offing so that his vote would be avail
able In case something went wrong with
present predictions.
Johnson to Answer Wilson.
It was announced this evening that all
question about Senator Johnson (Cal.)
going on to the Pacific coast was at an
end. He has been assured that his
colleagues want him to 'finish the trip
and his own wishes are completely In
accord wltn tnelrs. In view of. the at
tacks which President Wilson has made
In California on the opponents of the
league. Mr. Johnson Is determined to
answer President Wilson In his own
fitata. and It Is promised by those who
most recently have communicated with
the Senator that he will make business
very active when he gets back to the
Golden Gate.
The Senator, as well as his friends,
have been anxious that ho should be
here to handle the fight for his own
amendment, which Is the one most feared
by the Administration forces. If they
could be assured of Its defeat they
would be confident that no other amend
ment thus far proposed would have) a
chance to carry. Conversely they rjot
only fear that this one will carry but
that It will prove an entering wedge for
Some of the newspapers hostile to the
Senator In his own State have stated
that ho was "afraid to follow the Presi
dent in California." That view of the
matter has served to agitate the John
sonian choler to the boiling point. So
following telegrams which were sent to
him by Senators Lodge (Mass.) and Knox
(Pa.) yesterday and Senator Borah
(Idaho) to-day all urging him to go on
and assuring him ?at the situation was
well In hand here It was announced to
night that he would complete the trip
unless matters now unforscen arjse to
change his plans.
Caiumlna nnd Heed to Speak.
The Senate will have a good deal of
treaty In Its programme next week.
Senator Frellnghuysen (N. J.) was to
have spoken on Tuesday, but probably
will bo unable to do so on account , of the
primaries In New Jersey that day. Sena
tors Cummins (la.) and Reed (Ma)
have claimed time for addresses In op
position to the treaty and both speeches
are anticipated with unusual Interest.
Senator Reed is understood to haye pre
pared a close analytical legal study ot
the treaty and league which will be de
livered on Monday.
Reading of the treaty will continue in
the Senate when there are not speakers
to occupy the time. In the Foreign Re
lations Committee It required about
twenty hours of continuous reading to
complete the document, hut fewer hours
probably will suffice In tho Senate where
the proceeding Is faster. It la not ex
pected that a vote will 'be taken on any
of the amendments until the reading of
the entire document has been completed
and after long debate. While October 1
Is, commonly set as the earliest date for
a test vote It may be considerably later
owing to the zest with which the John
son amendment Is going to be debated.
' A final vote on the treaty la not ex
pected before tho middle of November.
The "battalion of death" Senators, de
termined to defeat the treaty entirely
If they can muster tho strength, Insist
there will be no disposal of It at this
session. They say that after the reser
vations and any amendments are
adopted the fight will have passed only
Its first phase; the next struggle will
be to muster tho thirty-three votes nec
essary to defeat tho treaty. Tills will
be a straight out contest for and
against. In which the broader question
of merits will be presented squarely.
Foreign Agitators Axe
Denounced by Mayor
PITTSBURG, Sept. 20.
Gcorgo H. Lysle, Mayor of
McKeesport, near here, issued to
day a long proclamation calling
upon citizens to support tho con
stituted authorities.
Tho proclamation states that
organizers having no connection
with tho workers havo attempted
to unite mill workers in a strike,
"using inflammatory arguments,
seditious language, threats and
misleading statements." "Their
work," tho proclamation further
states, "has been directed mainly
among foreigners here, little, if
any, support being granted them
by Americans and by tho better
class of workers of foreign de
scent. . . . That tho people
and properties may be protected
against violence or lawlesslcss
front an unruly and un-American
mass of people, 3,000 McKees
port citizens havo voluntarily
been sworn in as special police
A number of organizers have
been arrested in McKeesport in
recent weeks for holding meet
ings without permits.
By Vote of 203 to 29 It Ex
empts Unions From Anti
Trust Act.
Representative Fcss, Who Led
Fight Against Dictation,
Stands by His Guns.
' ''Special Detpatch io Tni Sex.
WAsniNOTON, Sept 24. The House
did an abrupt "about face" to-day
when by n vote of 203"to 29 it restored
to labor unions and organizations of
farmers exemption from prosecution
under tho anti-trust laws, as provided
In tho deficiency appropriation bill.
Several members got "cold feet" dur
ing tho night over the elimination of
this exemption, which was ordered by
tho House yesterday In tho Committee
of tho Whole by a vote ot 63 to 19 af
ter Representative Fess (Ohio), chair
man of the Republican Congressional
Committee, said tho time had come to
toko a stand against any class of men
dictating to Congress.
Ope of the significant features, how
ever, of to-day's voto was that of the
twenty-eight votes against exemption
for the labor unions and farmers.
twenty-three wero Republicans, Includ
ing soveral leaders. Several members
from farming communities said that had
tha. two exemptions been separated so
that tho House could have voted first
on labor unions and then on farmors'
organizations, they would have voted
against the labor exemption clause as
a protest against the recent threats these
organizations had delivered to Congress.
Other members sought to Justify their
vote by asserting that the Clayton anti
trust act passed by the Democrats ex
empts labor organizations and farmers
and therefore the Attorney-General
could not "have prosecuted had the ex
emption been eliminated In the appro
priation bill.
The exemption was restored after
Representative Nolan (Cal.), a labor
advocate, demanded a separate vote on
the amendment of tho previous day.
Js'o debate was allowed and the fol
lowing members voted against favoring
the labor unions and fanners: Acker
man (N. J.). Blanton (Tex.), Boles
(la.), Cannon (111.), Dickinson (la.),
Evans (Neb.), Fairfield (la.), Fess
(Ohio), French (Idaho), Garner (Tex.),
Good (la.), Green (la.). Griffin (N. Y.),
Hernandez (N. M.), Hicks (N. Y.j,
Humphreys (Miss.), Kltchln (N. C),
Layton (Del.). Luce (Mass.), Merrltt
(Conn.), Moores (Ind.), Newton
(Minn.), Piatt (N. Y.), Shreve (Pa.).
Tlncher, (Kan.) Valo (Col.), Walters
(Pa.), Webster (Wash.) and Yates
Steel Union's Attorney Tallin of
"Inquisitional Proceeding. "
W. B. Rubin, general counsel for the
Steel Workers Union, Issued a statement
at the Netherland Hotel last night In
which he said the union officials would
quickly Institute an "Inquisitional pro
ceeding" for tho purpose of calling Judge
Elbert H. Gary and "Mr. Morgan" to
the witness stand to "tell how, when
and where they acquired their Steel Cor
poration holdings" and also to testify
regarding the "legality of the corpora
tion and Its management."
Mr. Rubin started for Washington at
midnight without having revealed what
he meant by an "Inquisitional proceed
ing." He did not say whether It would
be a court hearing or when or where It
would be started. He did add. however,
that labor was ready to agreo to the
suggestion of Attorney-General Palmer
that a six months truce be declared be
tween capital and labor to adjust the
high cost of living and that "capital will
bo made ready for the truce."
I'renuh Hold Emir Snlil.
Paris, Sept. 20. Emir Said, who
was arrested by the British at Beirut
recently as a disturbing Influence, has
been delivered to the French authori
ties at Port Said. He will be kept un
der surveillance In Algeria, It is reported.
Searchlights and Charged
Wires Will Protect Mills
in Pittshurg.
Foreigners' Votes, Not
Americans', Decided Strike,
Say Steel Officers.
Companies Chango Plan to
Close Mon in Big Planta
Vote to Work.
Special Deipatch to Inn son.
PrrrsnuBa, Sept 20. Officers of tho
big steel planta In the Pittsburg dis
trict havo taken all possible measures
to contest with organized workers
who aro scheduled to strike to-morrow
midnight In every non-union steel con
cern In tho United States that refuses
to grant tho right of collcctlvo bar
gaining, an eight hour day and a sub
stantial Incrcaso in wages.
At a meeting to-nlgUt of employees
of tho American Sheet and Tin Plato
Company's hot mill at Sharon It was
voted almost unanimously to report
for work at midnight Sunday. Daniel
T. Haddock, tho mill manager, prom
ised tho men protection In going to
and from work.
Promises wero made to-night by
93 per cent, of tho employees of tho
Fnrrcll nnd Sharon plants of the
Carnegie Steel Company to bo at work
as usual Monday morning.
Employees ot tho Allegheny Steel
Company and the West Penn Steel
Company at Brackenrldge, numbering
about 8,000, voted to-day on tho ques
tion of walking out Monday. The
plants havo operated nil along under
independent ownership. Both were
closed down by order of their presi
dents to glvo - tho employees an op
portunity to vote on the strike ques
tion. Almost CO per cent, of tho
workmen in the plants who voted cast
ballots In favor of striking.
An early vote taken by the men
In tho yards of tho" two steel com
panies, accordlug to V. B. Browne,
general manager, showed 1,000 men In
favor of remaining at work, while COO
registered their desire to strike. The
vote was taken under tho watchful
eyes of mill superintendents and fore
men. This, union leaders contend,
was the reason for the preponderance
of tho vote against tho walkout.
A large number ot the men who
had cast ballots in tho early election
and who were dissatisfied arranged
for a second ballot In tho mill yard of
the West Penn Company, where 360
votes of 600 wero cast in favor of tho
walkout. '
Officers of both plants said to
night that their foreign employees
favored the strike, but that tho
American workmen were almost a
unit against the walkout. '
Union Ofllcer Jubilant.
Informed of the result of the voto
in Brcckenridge Secretary W. Z.
Foster of the national committee for
organizing- Iron and steel workers
"Well, it begins to look as though
we have some knowledge of this situ
ation, even though it has been re
peatedly stated by steel officers that
we wero not over 16 per cent organ
ized in mills of Pittsburg dis
trict. What I would like the people to bear
In mind is the fact that this strike
is based on the refusal of Mr. Gary
to meet with accredited representa
tives of tho steel workers.
"During tho war possibly an ap
peal to tho American sentiment might
hav served the purpose of keeping
tho men at their tasks. But Mr.
Gary Is not tho United States, nor
docs ho quite control it. Ho has
even refused to discuss tho situation
with Bernard Baruch, who was dele
gated by President Wilson to seo him
and persunde him to agree to a poUcy
of conciliation. Tho question of
Americanism Is being thrown into the
arena to divide workers nnd cause
dissension in tho ranks."
Tho decision arrived at yesterday by
officials of the big steel plants in this
district to shut down every mill in
which tho employees did not prove 100
per cent, loyal was reversed to-day.
Assured by county, city and etate
constabulary authorities that full pro
tection would be given to every plant
and to men who desired to remain at
work, it was decided to fight the battlo
to a finish.
Hardly had this agreement been
rcachod thsn preparations were under
way to "fortify" several of the biggest
mills In the district. Searchlights by
tho hundreds wore rushed to Ktna, Du
quesne, Brnddock, McKeesport and
many mills in the city proper. Work
men labored hard around the mill out
skirts hanging heavy wlro entangle
ments which are to bo charged with
More than 10,000 deputies were
sworn in In ths district, among thera
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