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BYPETROGRAD Copenhagen Hears City Soviet Has Authorized Plea to tho Allies. Deaths now boo daily Bolshevik Bobbers Loot State Bank, for Third Time, Get $1,000,000. x,, Copenhagen, via Ldndon, Sept. 20. Tho city Soviet of Petrograd has em powered the People's Commissaries to begin peace negotiations with the Al lies on (he basis of conditions fixed by the allied Powers, according to reports, received hero from Petrograd. Peace Is wished at any price by the Petro grad Soviet, the reports declare. Washington, Sept. 20. Nb peace of fer to the Allies has been reported from the Central Soviet Government at Mos cow, and an offer by the Petrograd City Soviet would therefore appear to be In the nature of a separate peace proposal by the Petrograd district Swedish press reports from Petrograd by way of Helslngfors to-day say deaths at Petrograd from cholera and dysen tery have risen to 200 to 300 a day. panltary conditions are reported Intol erable and many of the hospitals have closed for scarcity of food and medicine. I A band of Bolshevik robbers for the third time In a short period have sacked tho Russian State Bank, taking more fthari 1.000,000 in cash and many valu ables. J According to another report from Hel Ingfore, Admiral Kolchak's headquar ters liave been moved from Omsk to JNovo Nlkolajevek. I According to the Stockholm press a manifesto by tho Moscow Soviet calls Supon the Red Guard and workmen to jpbserve the -utmost vigilance to protect JUie city. A state of siege was to be pro claimed. It was stated, .and all youths 'from ,15 to 17 years of age had been rcalled to the colors by the Bolshevik government. bA cable from Omsk received at the uaslan Embassy to-day said Admiral olehak's offensive against the Bol Ishcvlk forces In western Siberia was de veloping successfully, but that It was piol prudent to give details. Many prisoners were reported taken by Kol chak's forces. ' The Petrograd section Is the most Im portant region of Soviet Russia exposed ,o hostile attack, and it has been under ithreat for ft considerable period through Operations by the Esthonlans, Letts, (Lithuanians and Finns. At one period a. hostile attacK was driven to within little more than fifty miles of the city oh the east, and for n time there seemed Kt possibility that the campaign against the Bolshevlkl In north Russia might Soear down upon the former Russian cap ital. The decision by the British, hdw Jever. to withdraw their forces from orth Russia apparently eliminated this Hatter possibility, although It was hinted Jin London that there might be a plan pinder way for the British to "withdraw"' through Petrograd. Vrhls suggestion was a-evlved as recently as yesterday, when a. London despatch summarixlng a War (Qnice statement which reported a suc tcesetut operation by British, Serbian and Russian troops on Lake Onega, Jitxnit 2.10 miles northeast of Petrograd, tntlded that the allied activity was re Sgarded In some quarters as Indicating a Jnovement toward Petrograd, and possl ))' confirming the suggestion that it was the intention to evacuate the Arch angel district by that route. 1,230 V. S. Troop Lfhtc Siberia. Dt the A$$ociated Pren. i Vladivostok, Sept ,11 (delayed). jThe transport Logan, with 1,250 Amerl an troops, principally member! of the JTwenty-seventh Infantry, left for the 'United Stiites to-day by way of Manilla And should arrive in San Francisco Sibout October 27. Replacement troops Arrived here on September 6. GERMANS TO QUIT LETVIA. J3iftern I'rnaalnn Frontier Is Closed to Volnntcera. fi Berlin, Sept, 20. The Lettish frontier of eastern Prussia has been jelosed to volunteers enlisted In Cr nany, according to the Vorwaerti. The jGerman troops on the frontier have prdcrs to stop, by use of arms if neces sary, all attempts tocros into Letvla. '' i At Mitau. the General commanding jLhe German troops called together the fieads of the units In his command and pointed out to them the difficulties which Would arise If German troops remained Jin Letvla, contrary to the expressed avishes of the Allies. He requested ab solute obedience from his troops and Outlined plans for the evacuation of the fountry. the newspaper adds, :berlin to annul article ei. tlaetrln Will Have o Ilepreaen- tatlve In ItelchataK. Paris, Sept. 20. Paul-Dutastn, secre tary oi ine i'eace uonierence, nas re ceived a long note from the German delegation at Versailles advising the conference of the acceptance In the name of the German Government of the de mand for a declaration annulling Article JL.XI. of the German 'constitution, which would glvo Austria representation in the Herman ReictiBtag. . Kurt von Lersner, head of the Ger inan delegation, says in the note he has fjcen" authorized to sign the declaration Jthat Article LXI. Is null and void, but Sakes occasion to complain at what he Characterizes as the "Ironical tone" of jhe last note rrom tne entente rowers. ! '- MOTOR CARS HURT CHILDREN, JThree Injured In Ilarlentl Aged r J( Woman Knocked Uonn, . I Three children were Injured yesterday jif temoon In automobile accidents in Jlarlem. Milton Kehlmann, 4, of 19 Went 119th street wan run dnwn In "front of his home by a car driven by Ivan Holmes, 2104 Seventh avenue, and Injured Internally. James Morris, 5. 1427 Amsterdam avenue, was, cut about the face and body when he was knocked jdown by a car at Convent avenue and P,J0th street. He was taken to Knicker bocker Hospital. The driver was Alex ander Lang t)f 117 West Tenth street. Harold v. Brinck. 6, 533 West 133d street, was struck at Broadway ahd 133d street and attended for scalp wounds. The car was driven by Louis Ttetzen' of I3i East 179th treet Loretta Flynn, 65, of 1925 Seventh avenue, was struck while crossing Seventh avenue at 116th street, and taken to Harlem Iloepltal Buffering from shock. The car was driven by Abraham Chapoff, 503 West l7th street. Krntnrli) Koelallata File Ticket, Khanuwrt, Ky Sept. 20. The So cialist party filed to-day a list of can f?ld8tea for all State offices In Kentucky tt the November election except for Attorney-General and superintendent of public Instruction. 14 $15J34,546 SALE OF FURS SETS 'RECORD Final Day at Auction Totals $1,209,331. Special DttpatcK to Tni Six. Sr. Louis, Sept. 20. A total of 1,209,- S1 for the final day's selling of the ten day auction on the International Fur Exchange brought the grand total to 15,334.546, setting a record both for quantity and total sales of any former auction In tho history of' the' fur trade. The sale - onened with 280.000 opossum. The early bidding was cautious, buyers waiting to see If manufacturers would bid heavily. The average quality opossum was better than, In the April sale. Forelm buvers boueht well. South America taking an appreciable amount. The opening bid was $2.05 for first extra second extra. Medium seconds brought 90 cents and smalls TO cents. Third grado sold for 30 "to 50 cents and fourth grades 3 to 5 cents. One lot of extra largo fours went at 90 cents. The opossum totalled approximately 1365,000. A collection of 40,000 nutria attracted much attention, with keen bidding. The opening price was 11.80 and It was In creased to $3.50 for large pelts, while $4.10 was paid for large dark fancy furred. Exceptionally choice lot went to $4.60. Tho bulk of the selling was aronnd J 1.75 to $3.25 the pelt: all grades selling well. The lot totalled approximately $96,500. More than 250 buyers participated In the sale of 21,000 beaver. The opening bid was $31.60 for ex.tra large Cana dians, and extra large black Canadian sold from $30 to $40. The top price was $44.60 for unusually large and dark eastern Canadian; western and north western Canadians went around $20 to $30. States beaver sold from $15 to $20 for fine goods and lesser qualities from $8 to $12, and around !5 for third nnd fourth grades mixed. Fourths sold low, $1 to $2.50, and cubs around $4. The lot totalled around $450.OCO. . Thirty thousand Russian ponies sold In Jots of 300 each. Opening at $14 long strings went swiftly with slight variations in price for first grades; mostly at $14.50. Seconds went rapidly around $10 and third grades around $5. Five minutes selling brqught $298,915. These are the first Russian ponies to be-received In five years. The fur trade took them eagerly, believing they will afford handsome garments for those or moderate purse. It was remarked that twice the quantity would havo sold as readily. LIMIT INTEREST ON U. S. CERTIFICATES Rate Not to Be Higher Than 4 1-4 P. C, Officials. Believe. Washington, Sept 20. Unless all signs fall. Treasury certificates of In debtedness hereafter will not bear a higher rate of Interest than U per cent Is the belief of the Treasury officials. It was learned to-day. If purchases keep pace with the recent rate of disposing of the certificates It Is assured that that lower rato Will be maintained. The closing of the last Is sue of certificates was done very hur riedly, because there was found to be on" September 18 a net balance of $1,145,931,000 In the geReral found of the Treasury, and the Government had no Immediate use for more money. On that day there were no outstanding 4V4 per cent certificates to be redeemed. They were selling Bt a premium. It was pointed out to-day that the'lnst sale of one-year certificates outsold , the six months' certificates six to one, which is credited to the fact that the long term certificates carried 4U per cent Interest, and In Treasury circles It Is believed that the public conviction Is that no more than 4Uper cent Interest need be paid by the Government here after. It has been carefully noted at the Treasury Department that since an nouncement that the Government has passed Us peak loan nnanciauy was made. Liberty bonds have Increased In market value. It Is believed firmly hers that those prices will go higher. Baylntf Is due. It Is believed, to conviction of careful Investors that those bonds can be bought In the market to pay almost 5 per cent. A gradual rise In the value of all Issues is expected confidently here. CARDINAL MERCIER , WILL TAKE REST Crowds Cheer as He Departs for Baltimore. Cardinal Mercler of Belgium left this city for Baltimore yesterday morning and will rest there for a day or two, after which he will attend the conference of American bishops, which will-be held in Washington tnis weeK. Cardinal Mercler left the Pennsylvania Station at ten minutes after 11 in a special car attached to the Washington express, and f,or a half hour before tho departure of his train was shown about the station by William Egun, the station master. His presence about the station was the occasion for a small ovation, hundreds of persons cheering and salut ing him. , He had left the residence of Arch bishop Hayes on Madison avenue a little after 10, and there, too, a large crowd, which had been waiting for him to ap pear, acclaimed him enthusiastically. The police escort provided to accompany him to the station had difficulty In clear ing a way for the automobile which car ried him, and men and women crowded about the car so closely that its chauf feur was unable to start It until the po lice Induced the crowd to fall back. As the car made Its way to the station peo iple waved and called greetings from the sidewalks all along the way. The Cardinal's arrangement to take the train ho did made It Impossible for him to be present yesterday at the ordi nation of twenty-nine young priests, who were received Into the priesthood at St Patrick's Cathedral, and made It Impos sible also for Archbishop Hayes, who of ficiated at the ordination, to accompany Cardinal Mercler-to the station. From Washington Cardinal Mercler will begin a tour of this country, but In the course of it he will stopn this city again on October 5. TENNYSON MAKES PORT AFIRE. British Lner Lands Faaaengers' and Cargo at Ilarhadoea, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, Sent. 20. The British steamship Tennyson. bound from Brazil to New York, arrived at Ilarbajloes on September 17 with her bunkers afire. It was learned here to-day. The flames have spread to the cargo In No. 2 hold. According to last advices, the cargo was being discharged and the 'passengers landed. V Ths Tennyson has been beached to avoid her total destruction. Tho British light cruiser Yarmouth assisted In the work. The Tennyson, 3,900 tons .gross, Is owned by the Lamport & -Holt Line, owners of the Vesorls, which put Into St. Lucia last week with Are In her hold, while on tho way from New York to South America with more than 400 passengers and cargo. Representatives here of the line said the average number of passengers car ried by the Tennyson on her north bound trips Is between thirty and fifty, and the cargo consists mainly of coffee. KM ALBERT ffiGER FOMGHTS IN D. S. - x Believes Much to Aid Belgium Can Bo Learned on Second Visit Here. WILL START T0-M0RE0W Queen Will Accompany Ruler on Voyngo on tho Goorgo Washington. t Bt the JLnoclattd Frea BnussELs; Sept 20. King Albert re ceived the correspondent of the Asso ciated Press at the Laejcen palace to day and talked with much Interest of his trip to tho United States, on which he and the Queen will start on Monday. The King, wearing tho field uniform of a Belgian General, recalled that ho visited tho United States twenty years ago and spent five months travelling from, the Atlantic to tho Pacific coasts. AC that time ho was Interested In all he ruw, but he said that now he was going to return the visit of. President Wilson, to thank the people fo the wonderful help they gave the Belgians and to learn those things which will be useful "to the Belgians In building up their country. Many questions were asked by the King concerning the United States and tho American people. Ho said he hoped that because of the food scarcity there would not be mnjiy banquets, but when asked If h.e would rather go Incognito, he declared that the news service of the country was so well organized that he soon would be found out. "There Is a happy medium," he added, "which, while allowing Us to see many things In which we are Interested and of which we desire to learn, will not be too ceremonious. Tour Industries are so vast and so well organized and the relations of capital and labor are-so good that there Is much for us to learn. "Our country Is small," the King went on, "and many things are done In a small way, but we believe wo will be able to apply many lessons from the people of America, which Is always ad vanced and Is always doing things. "Our people greatly appreciate the help given by the American people dur ing the war and the splendid service of the American army. Your soldiers are tine fighting men and their deeds will lever be forgotten. your educational system has always been most attractive to me and I want to know more about It. You not only look after the mental but the physical well being of youth through your sports and training. I saw a baseball game at Chaumont when fully 20,000 soldiers were present, all of them cheering at once. It gave evidence of great force and was most Inspiring. "In the late war your people did wonders. In creating an army In a year and sending it to Europe, Surely there have been many changes In the United States since my last visit and I am prepared for surprises. Asked If he would make an airplane flight while In the United States King Albert smiled, but did not commit hlm self., He expressed the opinion, how ever, that the view from a New York skyscraper would be an Inspiring sight King Albert nnd his party will start from BruRsels -on Monday morning for Ostend. where they will board an Amer ican destroyer, which Is to convey them to the George Washington, lying threo miles out Rear Admiral Andrew T. Long, Naval Attache of the United States Embassy In Paris, will accom pany the party, receiving it officially aboard the George Washington. BEER SMUGGLERS HELD IN CHICAGO Federal Judge Calls State Utficials to Hear Proof. Chicaoo, Sept. 20. Federal Judge lanuis nem sixteen men to tho Grand Jury to-day on bonds of $15,000 each In smuggling cases which arose from the alleged transportation of beer across the Wisconsin nnd Illinois line. The rase is the first sweeping effort to .stop the sale of alcoholic drink In Chicago. Included In the list of men held was "Jim" O'Leary, famous Chicago saloon keeper and bookmaker. The other men 'are drivers of trucks In which beer was transported and saloonkeepers and bar tenders Implicated in the seizure of thousands of bottles of beer at Zion City. The court Issued a subposna for Pat rick .T. Carroll, af former State Senator, arrested at Zlon City last week when, It Is charged, beer was found In his automobile. Subpoenas also were Issued for more than fifty saloonkeepers, who wers alleged to-have, bought beer from Milwaukee breweries. Judge Landls summoned Chief of Po lice Garrity and States Attorney Hoyne Into court and when Gafrlty appeared Judge Landls said: "I have just stumbled onto some thing very Interesting, Chief, and I think you ought to know about It 'That Is, the Importation of beer in Chicago." He said (later : "You see here to-day In the court what made this country dry. This utter disregard for tho law Is what put the brewers out of business." Jacob Frank, one of the saloonkeepers held, admitted he had sold beer, where upon the Judge addressed Chief Garrity: '"Stand up. Chief." Then to the saloonkeeper: "Jake, I want to Introduce you to the Chief of Police." The Judge asked the Chief how It happened that beer could be sold with policemen on patrol duty. The Chief said the saloonkeepers hid the beer when the policemen entered the bars. Chemical analysis of ' the beer seized Showed that It contained from 2.98 to 3.31' pes, cent alcohol. DRY 0. S. BIG FACTOR IN SHRINKING FRANC Wine and Brandy Figure Largely in American Imports. Special Cable Detpatch to Tos Sck from the London Timet Service. Copyright, lli. alt righte rteened. London, Sept 20. Tho United States going dry Is an important new factor in Jhe recent heavy depreciation of francs. French wine and brandy are always nor mally a very substantial Item of French produce for export, and' "the Tact that American purchases, which used to be very considerable, direct or Indirect, have received this serious check Is a pecu liarly embarrassing matter for the French balance of trade. It has been notioed lately that the monthly totals of French exports to the United States have fallen below even what they had been a year or so previously, when the war was raging, and now that the war Is over It is pe culiarly In France that one of Its staple Industries for export should have met with this additional blow. The pussy tooting of the franc In New Y)rk Is un doubtedly a very serious blow to Frehch trade. THEO. P. SHOHTS DIES HAD LONG BEEN ILL Conflrtucd from First Page. Idea that when you learn tho conditions under ' which I am willing to become chairman of ths Isthmian Canal Com mission you may withdraw your offer. With a body composed of so many dif ferent members with diversified duties that are likely to conflict on occasion, there 1 bound to be friction so long as responsibility Is divided. I should not care to accept the chairmanship of this commission, therefore, unless It Is understood that I am to have abso lute authority as to both men and measures In tho work of the construction1 oftho canal subject to your sfpproval, of course." President Roosevelt's response was to open the doors of the chamber In which they were conversing. Invite several newsnaDcr .men who were waiting to see him to enter, and to say, "Gentle men, allow me to Introduce to you the chairman of the Isthmian Commission, who la to have absolute control of the construction of the Panama CanaL" With his wide acquaintance among railroad men Mr. Shonts was ablo to pick to aid blm In his task a wealth of talent and genius. Because of the men that he picked the second canal commission became known as the "Railroad Men's Commission." One of the greatest results of the Shonts rule at Panama was the elimi nation, of yellow fever and the cutting of the death rate, in wnicn no was aiaea by Col. William C. Gorgas, later Sur- eon-General of the United States Army. Although throughout the length and breadth othe United States tho cry was going up t6 "set the dirt flying," Mr. Shonts firmly believed that before set ting the dirt flying he should make the Isthmus habitable to tho persons who were to .work there. No hero of Greek mythology ever faced a more perplexing task. There were no systems of waterworks, of sewerage or of drainage on the entire Isthmus nt the time. The people de ponded for their water largely upon unprotected cisterns filled during the rainy season and on barrels supplied from nearby streams, all of which were breeding places for mosquitoes. In de scribing conditions as he found them Mr. Shonts wrote t "The filth of ages had accumulated around the dwellings and In the streets, undisturbed except when washed away by torrential storms. Pools of stagnant water had existed for years In proximity to dwellings, and In sect breeding swamps lay undralned ad jacent to the cities and many of the towns." Health Considered First. Mr. Bhonts declared that Vto make the dirt fly', under such conditions would be criminal as well as uneconomic. De spite criticism he adhered to the deter mination to render the Isthmus habitable before beginning to dig rather than bring workmen there to die. At his Instance and under direction of Col. Gorgas the work of cleaning up the Isthmus began. Panama, Colon nnd the towns, villages and labor camps In the Canal Zone were fumigated over and over again. They were fumigated house by house and later villages and towns at a time. Thirty-five hundred men worked'unceaslngly at this task, and as a result yellow fever was extirpated In less than four months, after which it never returned. The succera of this sanitary accom plishment 19 best shown by a compari son of the death rate under the French regime and later under tho commission headed by Mr. 'Shonts. In August, 183:'. the secoifd year of French occupancy, with a forco of nineteen hundred men, the death rate was 112 a thousand. In August, 1905, with a forco of 12,000 men, there were only eight deaths, or two-thirds of a man a"thousand. The establishment of a hospital ays tern. Including large hospitals at Colon and Panama and a number of smaller hospitals along the line of the Canal was another of Mr. Shonts's accom plishments. President Roosevelt In a. special mes sage to Congress lauded this work and fcald of the accomplishments of the Shonts regime: The results have been astounding. The conditions as regards sickness and the death rate compare favorably with reasonably healthy lo calities In the United States." Another feature of his canal work was the conversion of the City of Panama, which had been without pavement sew ers or water supply, into the best paved, the best watered and the best sewered city In Central America. This was accomplished largely by the construction of a great reservoir and the Installation of an up to date Are de partment which, on two occasions saved the .city from destruction. Another great reservoir was con structed at Colon, with a capacity of COS. 000. 000 gallons. The main street of Colon was 'paved nd the surfaces of tho other streets raised. During all of this work observance of the panltary laws was rigidly enforced. Whenever an employee of the commission was dis covered with too high, a temperature ho was compelled to"" go to the hospital whether he wanted to or not For the triumph of science over dis ease on the Isthmus Mr. Shonts gave full credit to Col. Gorgas ; nevertheless without 'his own support and the re sources that'he was able to put at the disposal of thit army officer the effort to clean the place up would have been a failure. It was his determination to make the place healthful nt all costs that really brought the Improvement about Traction Snnrla Solved. ,It was his remarkable success with the problem on the Isthmus that caused Mr. Shonts to be picked by Thomas F. Ryan and other traction heads In New York for the task of unravelling the snarls In the transit systems ,and de veloping the present elaborate system of Interborough subways. AgaHn Pauh Morton played an Im portant part in Mr. Shonts's life drama. Mr. Morton was then president of the Equitable Life Assurance Society, and after a conference ' with the traction heads he went to Washington to see the head of the Canal Commission. "They want you up in New York," he said. "Who wants me?" asked Shontu "The men who control the New York traction Interests." "What do they want me to dot" J There Is a desperate traction prob lem up there Mr. Morton told him- "It Is the biggest transportation proposition In the world. It Is a man's Job, and tho traction owners want somebody big (enough to coordinate the whole situa tion." "I can't touch It now," Mr. Shontn declared ; "I haven't finished the work I started to do In Panama. Besides, I nould not undertake the New York posi tion unless I were given absolute au thority." "It Is because you demanded auto cratlo power In Panama that they want you," Mr. Morton replied. "The trac tion people In New York have been watching tho1' things you have done down there. Mr. Shonts was firm In his refusal. "I promised to stay with the canal until the worlc was being carried forward In all tain difficulties that unthinking passcn- departments under full headway," he gers had never before realized, said, "so I .don't see how I can go up to These papers also at times contained New York," . bits of advice on street enr courtesy, for "We'll wait for you," was Mr. jfor- Mr. Shouts believed that politeness ton' promise; and wait the traction should lie exercised In the subway as heads did until Mr. Shonts was fully well as In more elaborate surroundings, satisfied that work on the canal had. He Urged patience with his workers, and been launched bo well, that the Intricate vigorously rebuked tho cranks who crltl syatem bad been so perfectly organized, cleed the costumes of the conductorettes. JNDAy,EP!rBMBSRt 2l 1919. th pentlUncn so completely overcome that 'It was perfectly safe for him to quit tho job and entrust Its continuance to other able hands. Then in 1907 ho became president of tho Interlocking companies controlling tho billk of the city's traction lines-at a salary of $100,000 per year. He was al ready a man of wealth, however, having made his fortunejn his earlier railway enterprises. In -undertaking tills task-Mr. Shonts again frankly admitted that he was em barking upon a strange course. "I know nothing about the New York transporta tion system," he said to an Interviewer. "When I get there and get a chance to look things over I'll bo able to talk." Although his experience with steam rail roads had been broad,' he had never been connected with a city railway system In any capacity whatever. The traction heads took him on his demonstrated ability as an executive, financier and en gineer. Studies Problems First. Mr. Shonts set out at first to study his new job. He went down Into tho subway, where 700,000 people wore light ing to ride on a railroad built to accom modate 400,000. Ho explored the under ground lines, after which ho travelled all over the routes of the elevated and surfaco lines. He also put a corps of his own Investigators to work to look tKe proposition over and report to him on the Immedlato and futiire needs of the system. Mr. Shonts faced criticism and ridi cule from thoso who expocted Immediate tangible results. The first few months were very trying Indeed, with the pubfio clamoring for better accommodations, the cars packed and tho surface lines bankrupt But the former canal builder did not give up. His flrat work was to centralize the organization of the Interborough-Mctro-polltan organization and Its various sub sidiary companies'. He swung tho axe freely, nnd one after another the heads of the various departments that had been tugging In opposite directions In tho post, the "Jarring, discordant ele ments, went Into tho scrap heap. He was opposed by certain directors who favored the men that he was elimi nating, and .fntngs came to a crisis when some of them Intimated that he would resign before he would be able to over come their Interests. But In the strug gle that followed these directors resigned and Mr. Shonts remained supreme ruler of the traction lines. From that time he had wielded undisputed authority. It was his autocratic rule that en abled Mr. Shonts to accomplish s6 much with the city railways In so short a time. That enabled him to evolve out of the old chaotic organization a traction sys tem which has drawn tho attention of the wholerallroad world to New York. Legal Lnxnrlvs Abollaheal. Among tho luxuries abolished by Mr. Shonts was a costly legal staff. On hearing that one prominent lawyer was receiving $25,000 per year and $600 ad ditional for every day of court work he sent for him and was Informed by tho attorney that he could not work lor less. "I don't want you to," said Mr. S.honts; "I am dispensing with your services entirely." From his office on the twelf'h floor of the building at 165 Broadway Mr. Shonts directed the work of enlarging the subways and other transit systems to meet the ever Increasing demand, and engineered a plan which would per mit still further development as time went on. He revolutionized the algnil system on the city's railroads In cder that a larger number of cars and trains might be operated safely upon the same tracks. By this means he miie It pos sible for the express trains In the sub way to operate In rush hourj within a minute and a half apart Many a time his Innovations have prevented serious accidents. ' Mr. Shonts was always an .untiring worker. His hours of business raA far Into the morning In times of .nres3. With big problems on hand ho could not be Induced to rest until lie hnd battled with them and completely overcome them. e specialized In the difficulties and the creative work, leavln? 'he rou tine to subordinates. Tho relations between Mr. Shonts and his employees have been most amicable. While there was a strike about two years ago, his employees have cenerallv expressed perfect satisfaction with his arrangements. W. Leon- Pepperman. formerly of the Canal Commission, and associated with Mr. Shonts In the Inter boroush. declared to a representative of The Sun that one of Mr. Shontfe's greatest accomplishments had been his humanizing of the Bystam. Tho interest that he has taken in his employees Is evidenced in the organization of the welfaro department At the time of their strike his train and car workers broke away from the American Federa tion of Labor and set up a union of their own, and Mr. Shonts approved their action in so doing. His 'views on the capital and labor problem are set forth fairly In an ad drees that he delivered some time ago. In which he declared that both workers and employers In railroad strikes should consider the Interests and safety of tho public before their own wants or grievances. He suggested the three following principles for guidance of both capital and labor in nil disturbances : "That In any conflict between the officers and men of a public service cor poratiou the rights of the public are paramount. "There can be no permanent benefit In the triumph of cither capital or labor In such a conflict If the strugglo leaves scars and wounds or bad blood. Unless good will based on Justice and right is restored and made permanent the struggle Is a loss for nil. "Nothing must be done to Impair any of the fundamental rights belonging to nny man to work or not to work for or with whomsoever ho will and under conditions satisfactory to himself." Ilia Advlrr to Unloiia. Speaking of unionism he said, "If unionism Is to succeed It must do so by promoting tho prosperity not only of the men, but of the companies or and with which the men work." During the war many of Mr. Shonts's employees "went overseas with the army and navy, and many of his technical workers obtained, commissions. All found their Jobs waiting on their re turn. Making both ends meet has been one of his big problems, and he has had a a severe struggle to continuo the de velopment and operation of the railways In spite of the ever Increasing cost of things and the opposition of public sen timent to any increase of fare. Speaking of the extravagance of Government operated railroads he said that whero It is possible to make up all deficits by taxation thp Incentive to economize Is naturally eliminated and extravagance Inevitable. Mr. Shonts believed In educating tho public regarding the transportation prob lem, and for the purposof presenting his side of the eternal traction argu ment caused the publication of thoso three papers. The Subway Bun, The Elevated .Express and The Oreen Car Traveler. Through tho medium of these papers he caused the .various critics of the sys tem to be publicly answered. He en lightened the passengers regarding the Increasing cost of coal and other ne cessities of operation. He explained cer- ?Ta hnntif ha T.thftrtV and VlO-l tory (Loans, and many worthy drives through those papers. Called Greatest Deed.N Asked what he thought to be Mr. Shohts'a greatest accomplishment with h Km York Railway system. Mr. Pcp- kiorman said : "I believe that his greatest accomplished nere was me Dringins about of partnership betwen tne munici pal government and private capital. There aro great future possibilities In this plan." Mr. Shonts was born in Crawford county, Pennsylvania, on May 6, 1856, son of Dr. Henry Daniels and Margaret "Nevlns Shonts, Both parents traced their American ancestry back to tho early, colonial days. His mothor was of Scotch extraction. During his boyhood he moved 'with his parents to Appanoose county, Iowa. Ho received the degree of bachelor or arts at Monmouth College in 1876. After graduation ho became an accountant and In a short time was' employed by national banks to standardize and sim plify their systems of bookkeeping. He took up the study or law ana pracusea for several years at Centorvllte, la., where he became associated with Gen. Drake, who had large financial and rail road Interests, and who placed much of the work of management and construc tion In his hands. Ho had a part In the construction of the Iowa Central Railroad, and after ward built the Missouri. Iowa and Ne braska Railroad, of which he was the controlling owner. With associates ho obtained control of tho Toledo, St Louis and Western Railroad and rehabilitated It He was president of this line, the Chicago & Alton, Minneapolis & St Louis and several other companies, and director of many more before he tackled the two blggeBt problems of' his life: the canal and the Now York subwnys. Mr. Shonts was a member of the Metropolitan, Union League, Recess and Sleepy Hollow Country Clubs of New York, the Metropolitan and Chevy Chase of Washington, the Chicago Club of Chicago and Alton, Minneapolis) and St Mrs. Shonts was beforo marrlogo Miss Harriet Amelia Drake. She was the daughter of Gen. Drake, who became nnvarnn, nf .inwiL nnit fthrt wan married to Mr. Shoots during the period of his associations' with her father In his first days or raliroaa management He Is survived by wo daughters, ono of whom Is the Duchess Emmanuel de Chaulnes. The other daughter la Mrs. Marguerite Bingham, wife of Rutherfurd Bingham, son of Gen. Theodore A. Bingham. r NAVY YEOMAN HELD ON GRAFT CHARGE Took Money From Men Who Wanted Shore Duty, He Says. Andrew Branlgan, 27, a chief yeoman of the naval reserves, before1 a court martial In the Brooklyn navy yard yes terday pleaded guilty to two specifica tions charging him with accepting mon ey from men who wished to be enlisted and assigned to shore duty, and pleaded not guilty, to a third specification which charged him with accepting a bribe of $500 Ho also pleaded not guilty to cer tain parts of a fourth specification which charged conspiracy with Lieut Benjamin S. Davis, formerly a lieuten ant in the medical corps. The alleged offenses took place while the war was on. In tho first two charges Ralph F. Mulligan, an nrtlst of 152 West Fifty-eighth street and Harry Puck, a song writer, of Freeport, L. I., were named ns the men who offered the persuasion money, Mulligan $500 and Puck $300. The specifications and pleas were forwarded to Washington at the close of the hearing by Judge Advocate L. J. (Matteson with a request for Instruc tions as to proceedings. Lieut. Davis has already been convicted In the naval graft Investigation. NAVY SEEKS LOST STEAMSHIP, Lake Conpay Left Philadelphia for Havana September S. Washington, Sept. 20. The' Ship ping Board steamship Lake Conpay, which sailed from Philadelphia Septem ber 2 for Havana coal laden, has not been heard from since her departure. The Navy Department was requested to day to make search for her. The Lake Conpay carried a crew of 31. WEALTHY MOTORIST HELD. Former Unllrond Jinn Accused of Manalanghter. Providence, R. I., Sept. 20. Timothy B. Byrnes, formerly vice-president of the New York. New Haven & Hartford Rail road, was arraigned on a charge of manslaughter at East Provldeno to day following an automobile accident In which two girls were Injured, oris fa tally. He was driving his car up War ren avenue. In East Providence, when a heavy moving van turned across his path Into a sldo street In order vo avoid n collision Byrnes drovo his car into the side street and against a retain ing walk on top of which Ethel L. Ray; 6, and Eva Read, 9, were playing. - The forward wheel of the machine was forced up tho wall, striking the children and dragging the Ray girl back to the pavement She died later In a hospital. Byrnes and his wife were not hurt He pleaded not guilty and fur nished $5,000 ball for trial October 4. FRENCH CANALS OPENED. Communication Alonn Waterways la Iteeatabllahed, Report Says. Paris, Sept 20. Water communica tion between Belgium and the liberated regions along the old battlefront may be considered as reestablished, according to a report made to President Polncaro by M. Clavellle, Minister of Public Works and Transport The report states that navigation is almost normal once more along the Aire, Deule, Sensee, St Qucn tln and Somme cabals; that since the armistice approximately 350 miles of double track railroad and 300 miles of single track line have been reconstructed and only twenty-nine railroad stations remain to be opened to traffic Among other workB completed, It Is stated, are 367 bridges which were destroyed dur ing the war. "77 FOR COLDS Take Seventy-seven" in the early stages of a Cold, Grip, In fluenza, Catarrh, Pains and Sore ness in the Head, Chest and Back, to get best, results. Take it early and take it often. If you wait' till your bones begin to ache, it may take longer. Small vial of pleasant pellets, fits the vest pocket. At all Drug and Country Storm. Humphreys' Homeo. Medicine Co.. IAS William Btreet. New York. ' " VALBABERA ISSUE; 488 BELIEVED LOST No Traco Is Discovered of Pas sengers and CroAV of Spanish, Liner. Ket Wsst, Fla., Sept 20. Inspection of the vessel lost between this port and Havana In tho recent hurricane to-day convinced Read. Admiral Pecker, com manding this naval district, that she Is tho Spanish steamship Valbancra. which carried 400 passengers and a crew of elghty-clght No, survivors have been found. Confirmation of the sinking of the steamship Valbanera, apparently with the loss of every passenger and member of her crew, 460 souls In all, reached yesterday the Arm of Plnlllos, Izqulerdo & Co. of 80 Wall street, owners of the vesseV- A message from their agents at Havana was received, reading as fol lows: "Steamship Valbanera sunk near Re becca Shoals, thirty miles west of Key West. No trace of passengers or crew." Desplto this news members of the firm refused to give ud hope for the boat, missing since the Gulf storm of last Sunday. .They pointed out that a year and a half ago the vessel disappeared for two weeks during a tremendous storm, but made port successfully. The ship, of 6,099 tons, twas ouut in uias gow In 1906, was 399 feet long and was bound from Barcelona, Spain, to Ha vana, Galveston and New Orlefcns. Madrid. Sent 20. Despatches received here from Havana confirm the loss of the Spanish steamship Valbanera In the tropical storm which raged over the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent waters last week. She carried four first class passengers, Anastaslo Saenz, a Havana merchant, who was accompanied by his children, Marie, Terese nnd Jesus. There were Ave second class passengers and sixty four third class. .The captain of the Valbanera was Ramon Martin, and the ship's comple ment Included three officers, a chaplain, six under officers, four doctors, five en gineers, seven sailors, seven stewards, nine electricians, one chief steward, eight cooks, twenty seamen and two maids. The majority of the passengers were from Malaga, Spain, on their way to employment abroad. Tho ship belonged to Plnlllos, Izqulerdo & Co. of Cadiz. ENTIRE NATION AIDS GULF GALE VICTIMS Need for Funds Has Not Been Met, However, It Is Said. s Corpus Cristi, Tex., Sept. 20. Ac tual funds or assurance of financial support for rehabilitation of storm swept Corpus Chrlstl are coming in from every part of the country, with of ficials estimating that the total at the present rato might reach $6,000,000. Roy Miller, chairman of the Citizen's Relief Committee, said tho countrywide response to the appeal for aid had ex ceeded expectations but cautioned against any Impression that the need for funds had been entirely met Washington, Sept 20. Army relief work In the Corpus Chrlstl, Texas, storm Is, or will soon bo turned over to civil control, a mcsaige received to-day by Quartermaster-General Rogers reported. Conditions are Improving rapidly. NC-4 STARTS TO-MORROW. Seaplane to Make Flrnt Iicgr of It ecral t Inir Trip. The naval seaplane NC-4, first across the Atlantic in the air, will fly from the Rockaway Point Naval Air Sta tion to Absccon Inlet, Atlantic City, to morrow on tho first leg of a recruiting trip which will take her to most of the Important seaports from Maine to Texas. Her crew will be composed of seven rn.en. Of these Lieut-Commander A. C. Read. Lieut. Walter Hlnton. pilot. Lieut. Herbprt C. Rodd, radio man, and f'hlef Machinist's Mate lugene C. Rl.odes wefe aboard when the NC-4 made the transatlantic flight Tho other members are Lloyd B. Moore, chief ma chinist ; Lieut Peter Talbot, pilot, and Omrles J. Kesslcr, machinist. Itelnlnni Take French Leader. Paris, Sept. 20. Belgium has agreed to the proposal of France that a French general have supreme command of Allied forces on the Rhine, according to the Journal. J J J J J J POPULAR The measure of pleasure and satisfaction ob tained from a purchase is enlarged when you know that you have made the right selection. Probably there is no piano in this part of the 1 country that compares with the STERLING PIANO in real popularity. This is not a boast, but stated as a fact that will pay a purchaser's investigation. It is worth something to know that the Piano you buy stands highest with the majority in the community in which you live. That our methods of doing business and our service inspire confidence. That our prices art moderate and our terms are made to meet the requirements of your income. Quality, price, terms and real service that meet your interests in the best way are facts that have earned our reputation. 18-30 Fulton Bt,, Cor. Hanover Place, Tlphon 1(00 Main r r r r HTIT r VILLA PLANS HEW WAR ONCARRANZA Americans' Hear Ho Hns Been , Actively Accumulating Munitions. Washington, Sept. 20. American of. flclals aro greatly Interested In nt, indicating that Villa Is planning a n campaign against Carrnnzn which ac counts for the activity ho has illsplayed during the last few months accumulator munitions and men In northern Duranro It Is said he contemplates a drive soutli from his present headquarters, and wil keep away from the border so that k no act of his can the American Army be sent across the Rio Grande, as was th case recently at Juarez. Villa released a short time ago 2,100 Carranza prisoners which his troops hw captured, cautioning them to keep out of tho KedorHl aimy nnd urging them to turn over to him all the rifles snd equipment they could get. Many otthtm enlisted at once In tho Villa army while others returnsd to their homes on parole. Six hundred men from the Santa Kos Ha garrison and 300 from the Chlhuahm garrison have recently deserted and Joined tho Vllllstas, according to these reports. It is said here that Gen, Francisco Gonzalez's transfer from Juarez to Tan. pIco was caused by threats against his life by his own troops because of hli acquiescence In the recent crosslnj of the border by American troops. Further testimony Intended to show Mexico's determination to force for. felture of oil lands owned by foreigners was given to-day by Ira Jewel WillUmi a Philadelphia lawyer and an officer of tne xanuco uosion uu Uompany, before the. Senate committee Investigating the Mexican situation. Two of the com pany's properties havo been denounced by Mexicans under provisions of Cir ranza'S oil decrees. Williams declared that Americans irtu remained at work had realized the neces sity of maintaining uninterrupted flow for tho allied navies. "ElevenN of these men," he Bald, "hav paid the supremo sacrifice." Government patrols as well as rebel bands contribute to the disorder of the country, Williams said. Before ship, ments of money for the payroll axe sent an exact statement of the amount is de manded by the Government officials. There have been cases, Williams said, where the amounts demanded by bandit were exactly the same as reported to the authorities. - Replying o charges made earlier In the Investigation by Dr. Samuel Inman that the oil men were endeavoring to bring about lnterventlon-tn Mexico, Mr, Williams gave the committee a copy of a letter he had written to. Dr. In.uan Indignantly denying any such Intention on tho part of the Association of Pro ducers of Petroleum In Mexico. , Chairman Fall; reminding the wit ness of a recent statement by President Wilson that much of his Information concerning Mexico had been obtained from "liars." asked him if ever he had discussed Mexican conditions with the President. "No," replied Williams, adding that so far as he knew none of the oil men had talked of Mexico with the President Text of a message sent by President Wilson under date of September IS to President Carranza expressing congratu lations to the 'Mexican people on thlr independence anniversary day was made public to-day by the state department "I take pleasure," the President said, "In extending to youc excellency on this anniversary of the Independence of Mex ico my cordial felicitations and best wishes for the peace, prosperity and progress of the Mexican people " $750,000 WILL GO TO U. OF P. Wllllnin Irvine, Kx-Trcnuurer f Phllndelphln, Willed I'ciml. Philadelphia. Sept 20 Throuqh the will of the late William Irvine a forme Treasurer of the city of Philadelphia, the Unlveisdry of Pennsylv una is tc re ceive a gift of almost $7 i0.nn This iinouncemcnt was nude bv Provost Edgar F. Smith The mi've1 sity comes into possession ei t u .un through the death of Miss Marv Irvln' on September 17. She was' hi Mfter and only heir of Mr. Irvlno, iho die I about five years ago. Mr Irwi.e willed his estate to tho university wrh the provision that during the life ' hia sis ter the Income should go to hi-t Ml?' Irvine also left her estate to the univer sity. The will gives the university the al ternative of using tho fund either for an auditorium or a school of mine Tin former will probably be sanction! b)' the trustees. J JJJl BrooklTn, . connect Department 3. ... . .