Newspaper Page Text
HB SUN, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1919.
r I It 13- ffectcd, but n struggle in which , Everything ncccptcii lu economics even In government inny yet be at Stake. This feeling of portcntoilsncss shared by nil connected with the iteel Industry. Every ono Is waiting vto see what the flrst success ot the ljjtylko will bo In tho morning and how ofox It succeeds In swinging cither wny 'during tho coming week. ( LnUorrra to Handle nijr Jobi. 'Admittedly tho rnnksoftho strikers will be filled at first by tho unskilled 1 laborers, who number" about 20 $er cent of tho total personnel of 200,000. Tho highly paid skilled men aro for the most part contented with their lot. But they may bo compelled to stop work, either because tho mills arc so deficient In manual labor to-morrow ,pr next day as to compel n shutdown, wt through that terrorism, deflnlto or Indefinite, which Is nlways present- In strikes with or without tho countc aanco of the strike leaders. 1 ' To those who will go out on tho flrst 'feill In tho morning fnuit bo added a ,ehsual number of men !n nil ranks who hold cards In tho American Federa tion ot Labor and who will strike from principle Irrespective ot their own In terests and to sustain their comrades. JXa these also must bo added a 'still larpcr number of those who without Seeling ono way or tho other In the dispute will remain away from work Jin order to avoid the stigma of "scab", jsjid the annoyances and social. slights put upon their families whether or not jthey themselves are in actual peril In continuing to work. I J, Assertions of tho two sides as to the number of those who will respond jto-the flrst call vary from zero to ln Jttnlty. 1 Tht steel companies' officers say that in Bomo cases their men aro 100 per tent, loyal. In others 95 per cent, and Jess. Tho Strike leaders give no figures, but contend that the com ijanles' officers have been misled by their subchlefs In tho plants and that k great surprise is In store for them. I A collocation or an information avail able on this subject to-night would -(era to Indicate that from zo to 40 ifcr cent of the men will quit This 7111 tie up many plants, mostly sheet teel makers. And It will enable many .there to run. A steel company officer says that he can run on reduced schedule with any number of his employees down to 50 er cent. If half the men quit, he Bays, fie will have to close. Tho strikers be- leve that with 10 per cent of the porkers militant to-morrow the strike have been won. Foster Belittles His OJd Syndicalism Vievys; Says He Has a New Pamphlet Ready By a Itajf 'Correepemitenl of Tn Sox. piTTSBURG,. Sept. 21. When asked this morning: about; tho Red pamphlet on "Syndicalism and Sabotage" attributed to him and quotod in editorials in THE SUN of Saturday and Sunday, William Z. Foster, secretary and moving spirit of tho steel strike hero, said ho believed the document to bo a forgery. Later upon seeing the quotations in THE SUNhe refused out right to repudiate the pamphlot. "It's old stuff," said ho; "it has whiskers on it I haven't seen it for ten years. Wo know who's now Bonding it around, however. They'vo dug it up and reprinted it to discredit tho men. In a day or two I'll have ready for you a new pamphlet But you won't be fair. You won'J print that, becauso it might bo creditable." Despite tho radicalism in the pamphlot which heart his name there is no record here that Foster has ever voiced these sentiments in tho present strike. Ho spent the better part of half an hour's speech to-night warning tho men at a big Pittsburg meeting to avoid violence. Men Not to Dc Transferred. Steel officials clve assurance , that fliey will not ask their loyal employees. fo "fight the strike for them." They Mil not be transierrea irom piani 10 slant and they will bo asked to do my their regular tasks. They promise solemnly mat ueiiuer mrme uiphci.i or outside labor win be brought in ere. But they, are making elaborate plans for the protection of those of Weir men who do remain loyal' and f ant to go to work. 11 Hips. wt iMJOjCUxyjuaAJUty I J-' & f nil AO . r J- tfdd jvuUt lXJ WttCtb X ' colt Xajuu utt earn jvO i Clothleri Hobrrdnshrro 14CortIandt St., 9-11 DeySt. Bworn in as special deputies. This measure was taken, according to an official of one of the most Important companies, purely as a measure Of pro tection for the men themselves and for the plants. It Is taken in accord with the declared policy of fighting, out ths strike on the lines as they aro drawn on the ground. In addition to these men the com panies have thousands of their own spe cial officers regularly on duty at thu plants. Every community has Increased its police force in every possible way. Thesa Increases and additions of hun dreds of special officers are for tho most part in the hands of the local chambers of commerce. Despite tho protestations on both sides violence is an ever present possibility. Tho companies and the local officials for the most part friendly to the com panies, insist that they are but taking reasonable precautions. Te strike leaders assert that all this show of force only Incites to violence. If the occurrences of to-day are any criterion tho strikers seem to be Justi fied in their contentions. Certainly the violence occurred only where the local authorities denied the rlgnt of peace able assemblage on the ground that no assemblage could be peaceable In these times, and where they broke up the meetings by their own show of force. Whero tho meetings were permitted they wero admirably conducted. Point Used by Strikers. This denial of the right of assemblage Is proving one of the most valuable cards in tho hands of the strike leaders. Their wrath centres on Sheriff Haddock of Allegheny county and on JIayor Lysle of McKeesport. Tho Sheriff and the Mavor have Droclalmed that no meet ings can be held within their Jurisdic tion. "They say these boys fought for democracy," sneered Foster, the leader of the strikers. "Upon what grounds have you for. bidden thesa meetings?" tho reporter for The Sum asked Mayor Lyslo this after noon. "On the grounds that no meetings can be held without a permit," he re plied, "and we are not giving any per mits. I'm determined that law and order Bhall be maintained." The Mayor had boarded up all the halls In his' town early, last night. At the time scheduled for the meeting this nf tetnoon 3.000 strikers gathered, at the edge of the city In an open field. The chief of police, with a big force of spe cial officers, uniformed nntl ununlformea. descended upon the meeting. The crowd moved acroei the town line into the borough of Qlassport. The Glaesport authorities refused to tolerate the move and started to chase tho meet- ,lpg back into McKeesport. The, JaJtter 1 - V.-H.-.l 1 I. 1 .1 f . I . I wouiun t jmva Ji, unu men iulu uio juiu- dle of the 3,000 rode eleven State troop. ers and the meeting broke up. A State trooper and a McKesport policeman .each made an arrest. At Clalrton .more of a struggle oc curred. When the police rode up they were greeted with a shower of stones. Shots were also fired. It Is not clear by whom.- It was there that tho largest number of arrests were made. A big meeting was held to-night on the South Side In Pittsburg without inter ference from tho police. Foster nnd Democracy. Foster told of the arrests this after noon, the fact that tho men were being .held without ball and Incommunicado, and cried: "If that's democracy, I want none of Itl" The situation, as well as it can ba stated Impartially, is: Both sides are , making extravagant assertions. Both aro waving the American flag; hard. Each is accusing the other of trickery and worio. Steel officials, for Instance, charge that the whole movement Is Bolshevism. They say that all ot the malcontents are tho non-English speaking employees. Tho strikers refute this with a long list of American names. The strike litera ture and announcements, nevertheless. are printed In every dialect ot southern and eastern Europe. Mayor Lyle of McKeesport says scorn fully that not more than twenty Ameri cans were In the whole meeting that he broke up this afternoon. Even ad mitting that their adherents come largely from tho foreign element the strike leaders protest the patriotism of these men. Thoy bought Liberty bonds up toMhe hilt," said Foster this afternoon. "They stuck through this war like any sol diers. They were fed up on the doc trine that they were helping, the fight for democracy. Now they want to get some of that dtmocracy. All this district is In the grip or the steel corporations. They own every thing officials, papers, schools, yes, even some of the churches. Our men resent bitterly the charge that they live like hogs because they want to, that they are saving money to go to the old country. It's the same charge that was made when we or ganized the Chicago stock yards. Yet when the men got better wages the bunk houses and the shacks ot stores disappeared. The men spread out into comfortable homes, while decent stores and picture theatres grew up. were fighting ror that class of men here, laborers getting from 37 to 44 cents an hour and trying to live and raise families on It. "Every constitutional right they have Is abused. They 'can t .meet. wnen they are arrested ball Is denied." ) Gruesome Strike Literature. The strike headquarters is full of documents bearing out this sentiment. A copy of a Chicago paper contains photographs of three men 'In their cof fins, about to be burled, and surrounded by weeping relatlves.imany' of tho men relatives In uniform. ' The picture de scribed what happened to. four organiz ers In Hammond, who wero ruthlessly shot down by company guards when taking part in a peaceful meeting nway from the plant. Another frightful picture attributed to ,the minions of the' company is a picture of a head or Mary Bneiung, who mas fair to become the martyr .of this strike. The picture shows her head crushed by Hubs. Strike leaders Rlleirn she was thus mihllated after she had been shot to death when guards attempted to break up a meeting. Both these pictures are being circu lated by thousands among the strikers. Nor is there any reason to 'itoubt thai uuicr iiioaua ui urbumeui even juuio 'sensational are resorted to. According to the tales which tho men .themselves repeat to their women folk .they are striking "to bring booze back, "because they'll bo killed If they don t, "because their pay will bo cut If they don't" and "because their pay will be raised If they do." A powerful effort Is being made to have It appear that Fresl dent Wilson Is behind them. Secretary Foster played hard on the Wilson name at the meeting at Rankin this afternoon. He told his hearers that lns the courso of an hour's conference with the President in Washington Mr, Wilson had promised to do all that he could for the strike cause. Ho Is also telling them that Judge Gary turned down hard President Wilson's request for delay when It was made to the ateel head through Bernard Baruch. Every mention or me resident s name Is well cheered at the strike meetings. The steel officials charge the most sin ister motives to the strike leaders. They maintain vigorously that the union ef fort Is rnerely for the vindication of the power of the American Federation of Labor. They accuse Foster of the most radical beliefs. They Insist that In fight ing the strike they are fighting; the battle ot American Institutions. They say that their precautions against violence aro more than Justified by the previous rec ords of the strikers and their leaders. The strikers assert that the plants have been "fortified." Union leaders ad mitted to-dy that they had not been able to pin down stories the men have told of big shipments of rifles and of machine guns mounted In the Plants. Hugo stores of cots and provisions have been brought into many of the mills, but tne company officials Insist that they are merely enough for the guard which pru dnc dictates. With regard to the Importance of the strike on the Industry Itself an Impor tant omcial said to-night i "if io per cent of the men go out It will mean thut wo will havo to bank many ares. If more than 60 per cent go out It will mean that the blast furnaces will be 'pulled.' They will go down ab solutely. We cannot run them without adequate crews. If they go down It will take many days to start them again. The rolling mills also will be closed It there are not men to operate them." it is this man opinion that no one can foretell how far this shutdown will go until the end of the week at the very earliest Donora Looked on as Key. As Donora goes, so go the other plants of tho American Steel and Wire Company in tho Pittsburg district." That was the assertion made this afternoon by an official of tho corpora tion after a prolonged meeting ot heads of various departments hurriedly called this forenoon. When the big chiefs re tired last evening, they had been In formed that the Donora plant, at that late hour, was still 95 per cent loyal to the company and that no anxiety need be experienced on account of It Besides being one of the biggest and most Important of the corporations, it was also tho model as far as concerned its attitude toward the American Feder ation of Labor. Local company officers made the announcement on Thursday that It was actually at that time 100 per cent, aeainst the federation and that despite what happened to the other plants of tl.c various corporations in this district the great Donora .plant would bo preeminent by keeping In con tinuous operation. When tho officials of the national com mittee for organizing Iron and steel workers had been confronted with these declarations of the company officials the Invariable reply was that Donora did not differ from any other plant and that unionism was pretty well represented in all the works. William Z. Foster, sec retary of the organization, had stated that the corporation officials were over confident as to the Donora plant, as was also the case in a good many others. Between tho time the officials retired last night and 10 o'cfhpk this forenoon something happened at Donora or some thing was discovered at that plant Chiefs wero notified by telegram and special messenger, while somo were called even from church services they wero attending. r i The Solvency of the Allies Great Britain France Belgium Italy v npHE RESOURCES and potential productive power of the principal European Allies as a basis for future credit are discussed in The Solvency of the Allies booklet which wo have just issued. This booklet,, in considering the financial position of Great; Britain, France, Belgium, and Italy, takes account of their natural resources, economic possibilities, and specific problems, and outlines America's opportunities for aiding in the recon struction' of Europe. Investors, exporters, importers, and others will find this book let of especial interest, as it gives an estimate of the inherent economic, strength of these countries in its bearing upon their -credit position. The booklet is available at any of our offices. Guaranty Trust Company of New York 140 Broadway FIFTH AVENUE OFFICE Fifth Avenue and 43rd Street II .1 mm . i. mm i n MADISON AVENUE OFFICE MadUon Avenue and 60th Street Capital and Surplus $50,000,000 Resources over $800,000,000 Manufacturers Get n Dcnre. It was then communicated to the leaders that Donora could no longer bo placed In the van of the first 'division of loyal plants. As additional informa tion reached tho captains of Industry It was ,seen that all previous plans had to be thrown Into the discard and heroic efforts had to be made to prevent the great Donora plant from being captured by the enemy almost without a blow be ing strucK in us defence. As the nrst step in this new campaign most of the actrve field operators and several company officials were hurried from this city In high powered automo biles this afternoon, with Instructions' to remain at Donora until It had beon defl- Initely .ascertained whether the plant will remain In operation. This may be de cided within the next twenty-four hours. AUUb ."O . Lli.i'i " Hon officials now say ! "As Donora goes, o go the other plants." Two officials of subsidiaries here con firmed tho teport from New York last night as to me suosiaimx wmiwu" 11nu1 n nnm n Ihn flirllt against unionism In their own way. Tho American sicei ana wire nviuvaiir decided to take a definite stand against the strikers from that of the Carnegie Steel Company. Tho steel and wire plant wilt pro vide and arrange work for their em ployees if their men cars to work, but if an insufficient number of workers re port for duty to-night and Monday morning the plants will not be kept open. No efforts will be made .to run tho plants with only a partial repre sentation of the employees, and the men . m ...... 111 V. - n.Mnltt&t wno ao ropori ior auiy wu u to return to their homes. Mills will not attempt to make a. flghl for continuous operation at this tim with small forces. Loyal Forelsrners Threatened. Many foreigners are "loyal" to the plants, as that term Is now understood by the operators, and are willing to work, but It Is asserted that they have been terrified by threats against them selves and their families. Most of the loyal American workers appear to be undaunted by tho same threats and they havo expressed their Intention of re porting for work. If enough of these report for work at the plants at Donora, Rankin. New Kensington and Fifteenth street (Shoenberger mill), this city. continuous operation will be malntainea. If not the plants will close down until other plans have been approved. With tho Carnegie Steel plants it will be different This company came to a decision to-day to fight tho union, If possible, to an absolute finish and to furnish adequate protection to all Its employees willing to go to work. If one of its plants has not sufficient men, late to-r tight or early to-morrow morning, to oDe.-ato to its normal capacity it will not bo closed down. Arrangements will be made to keep the plant going somehow until by a process of Infiltration enough workmen have been obtained to operate It adequately. In this way the chiefs of the Carnegie Steel Company have planned to beaf the American Federation of Labor. At flrst sight it looks as If the Carnegie people were inviting trouble by determining from tho beginning to afford absolute protection to their loyal employees. It Is contended, however, thnt the only way to render a nettle harmless Is by firmly grasping It and that that Is what they are to do so far as Is concerned their resistance to unionism at this time. Somewhat of a surprise was caused to-day shortly before Secretary Foster Jeft the city to make addresses at uraa dock and Rankin, when It was reported that six or seven large Independent plants had been In negotiation with tho organizing committee ior some time ana that they were now ready to "sign up." Foster said these .reports were true, but added that It would be some time before the names ot the corporations could be mado public. Says All Plants Will Start. Lawrence "E. Riddle, superintendent ot the Isabella, Lucy and Neville Island plants of the Carnegie Steel Company and ono ot the six members of the Carnegie Steel Company a operating board, said to-nleht : "All the plants with! which I am personally connected, as well as all the other Carnegie plants In this district, will resume. operations in full to-morrow morninir. accordlnir to mv latest renorts. I have kept in touch personally with' my men "and I havo found that the general feeling Is that the men wish to be left alone, asserting that Secretary Foster and his crowd do not represent them. "I have no doubt tnat some few men will not show up at some or all of the various plants In this district, as somo of them have been intimidated by threats. I know of some cases wltere followers of Foster have gone to the wives Ot not a few of our workers and have urged them to keep their husbands away from the plants when they open Monday morning:, and I have no doubts that the wives, frightened, will carry their point "These men will be absent, not bo cause they belong to the Foster organ ization, nor because they havo pledged to remain away. "It all the men report at the plants Monday morning, the plants will operate In full. If half the men put In an ap pearance, then the plants will operate half capacity. If fewer than half the men report for duty, then the plants will close and stay closed. I do not look, however, for any such contingency as only half of the men reporting or even less than half. I anticipate full crews with full capacity. "Personally, I know the men wish to b left alone and that they have no Interest In Foster, asserting that he has no real interest in them. For years, cer tain union organizations, such as brick layers nnd others, have worked In the Carnegie plants without the slightest op position on the part of the operators and thr.t'ts the principle of the 'open shop.' It Is under that principle that these plants will continue to bo op erated." Sixty per cent of more than 5,000 em ployees of the Allegheny and West Penn Heel companies at Brackenrldge are ex pected to report for work at 8 o'clock to-morrow morning, when all depart ments of both plants are scheduled to resume operations after a two day sus pension, In which time the men got an opportunity to vote on their attitude toward a strike. Officials of both companies declared to night that no difficulty was anticipated In operating mills to-morrow because the vote of the men Saturday showed they would return In large numbers. At the Allegheny Steel Company T& pet cent pt the workers were expected back, com pany representatives said. American Federation of Labor organ- zers said that tho mill authorities would get "the surprise of their lives" and,that only a few hundred men, mostly em ployees ot the sheet mill departments, would report for work. As a proof of their assertion, they pointed to a de partment In the West Penn Steel Com pany, where, they said, sixty-seven of sixty-nine men hold union cards and would walk out. STRIKE PAMPHLETS QUbTE RABBI WISE Steel Worhers Protest to Gov. Sprout on State Police. PiTTSuuna, Sept 21. When Secretary William Z. Foster of the steel workers' national commttteo spoke to-night in a Polish hall on the South Side he told tho workers: ' The man who makes steel to-morrow Is a strike breaker." Pamphlets were distributed at the meeting containing statements said to havo been made by Rabbi Stephen S. Wise of New York In favor of organ ized labor In the steel Industry. The steel workers sent to Gov. Sproul to-night a telegram of protest against the action of the State police in break ing up the strike meeting at Clalrton. The message was signed by William 55. Foster, secretary of the strike organ ization. He charges that the State police Invaded a place set aside for the meeting by the local authorities, "riding down and clubbing helpless anl Innocent bystanders In most murderous fashion." "Many were seriously injured and many others were thrown into Jail," the message concluded. "Similar events transpired at McKeesport at a meeting held on our own property. Wo protest against these outrages and appeal to you to restrain the State Constabulary from these unwarranted attacks. A New Employment Office for Telephone Operators IS NOW OPEN AT 1158 Broadway, Manhattan (Corner 27th Street) Young women 16 to 23 years of age desiring to become telephone operators should apply at this new office, between 8 a. m. and 6p. m., or at the following branch offices: BRONX 453 East Tremont Avenue 12 m. to 9 p.m. BROOKLYN 81 Willoughby Street 9 cum. to 5 p.m. 1136 Broadway 11 (tm. to 8 p.m. NEW YORK TELEPHONE CO. 5,000 START STRIKE IN FOUR OHIO MILLS Youngstown Ready for Tos siblo Clash if Stcol plants Try to Oporato. THOUSANDS JOIN UNION Police Xcarn Stocks of Fire arms Aro Sold Out Many Workers Imported. Special Dttpatch to Tni Sex. YounosTown, Ohio, Sept. 21, Five thousand steel workers on the day shift walked out to-doy. Tho mills affected were the Republic Iron and Steel, the Sheet and Tube Company, the Brier Hill Steel Company and the Ohio and Union plants of the Carnegie Steel Company. Youngstown to-oay is recalling the riots of 1916, Labor meetings were held this afternoon and to-night in all parts of the city. Merchants handling firearms have re ported to the police that their entire stock has been sold out. Special depu ties have been sworn In and the police have made preparations to handle the situation as It develops. Five thousand sfeel workers, the ma jority of them foreigners, 'Joined the Iron and Steel Workers Union to-day. The attendance at the meetings to day and the great number who Joined the union at this late hour, prove to us that the strike will completely tie up tho steel plants In this district," de clared J. E. McCadJen, district organ izer for the union. Organizers expressed the fear that they will be unable to hold their men in check If the mills attempt to put to work the several thousand strikebreak ers who havo been Imported. "Wehave warned the men repeatedly not to attempt any violence of any sort and to conduct the strike ln a quiet, orderly manner," said Patrick A. Treat, organizer of the American Federation of Labor, "but if the mills put these strike breakers to work I don't know what will happen." Officials of the union and company officials differ widely In their views as to the number of men who will go out to-morrow morning. "We will tie tho mills up tighter than a drum," said MoCadden late to-night "There will be practically no one at work to-morrow morning." "I don't bellevo many men will strike In our mill, said Thomas J. Bray, presi dent of tho Republic Iron and Steel Company. "But whether the men strike or not, we are going to operate the mills Just the same. The same thing holds good for all the other mills in the Youngstown district" Word was received to-night at tho steel workers' headquarters, that the rauroaa tnvuenmen piannca a sympa- thetlc strike in an effort to tie up all shipments of steel from this district. Approximately S 5,000 men will be af fected by the strike in the Youngstown district. GARY AND FARRELL REMAIN RETICENT Await Reports on Attitude of tne zoo,UUU Employees. Elbert II. Gary, chairman of the boM of directors of the United States Stwl Corporation, and James A. Parrel), prel. ldent, spent yesterday at their country homea. Mr. Gary adhered to his policy of silence and Issued no statement ot tho company's plans for combating thi strike. To each subsidiary hag been given dl. cretton to meet the situation as Its offl. cers see fit The only general order which has been made publlo was the let. tcr from Mr, Gary to the presidents ot the various subsidiary companies direct ing them not to yield on the principle o( the "open shop." It Is not probable any comment win be made on the strike until thn corpora tion learns what percentage of Its 268 000 employees, responds to tho strike call. Those reports must come from plants in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Now Jtr. Bey, Maryland, Massachusetts, Illinois, Indiana, .Michigan, Connecticut, Al. bama, California, Washington, Missouri Kentucky, Kansas, Wisconsin, Minne sota, West Virginia, Pelaware, Kew York and. Ontario, It was estimated, however, that the. number of workers affected directly or Indirectly by the strike will areirat half a million. The average dafty par Of the corporation's employees, Inclufl. tng the administrative and soiling force, Is 16.23, according to n recent report to the directors This Is an Increase ot 116 per cent, since 1014, when the aver age was $2.88. The average annual par In 1918 was $1,950. East Liverpool, O., Sept. 12. Unless something unexpected happens steel plants hero and In this vicinity employ lng about 5,200 men will operate as usual to-morrow. All are open shops and employees so far as known aro satisfied. 'If! if T-HE model illus- tratcd typifies ROLLINS' pre-eminence in styles. Made from fabrics of your own selection, this garment costs no more than a ready-made suif of equal quality. 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