Newspaper Page Text
THE SDN, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2&, 191&.
BHONTS'S FUNERAL IN BRICK CHURCH gervlci cs for Lato President of I. 1?. T. AVill Bo Held To-morrow. JIANY CONDOLENCES SENT Accessor Not Yet Considered, Says Counsel for Company. Hit funeral of -Theodore P. Shonts, tio died yesterday mornlnR. will be J"u in the Brick Presbyterian Church, wfth avenue and Thirty-ninth street, to-morrow attemoon at 4 o'clock. All service on the Interborough lines, tt which Mr, Shonts was president, will t halted for one minute at tho hour 'of the funeral out of respect to him. Dr Georse Howard Duflleld, pastor of tits' First Presbyterian Church, will con duct tho services In tho absence of Dr. William Plerson Merrill of the Brick Church, who Is on vacation. Tho inter ment will be In Woodlawn Cemetery, there Mr. Shonts's mother Is burled. Scores of telegrams and letters of ronflolenco wero received yesterday at Mr, Shonts's late residence, 930 Park renus. James I Quackenbush. gen aral counsel of the Interborough, said Mterday that it was too soon to say that plans are being mado for the ap pointment of Mr. Shonts's successor. TACKLED SUBWAY AND PANAMA TASKS In Each Case bhonts Solved r'lti ? D LI fnn ti late Edition of Eundai'e Sen, The two greatest achievements In the pu-eer of Theodore Perry Shonts, preal !snt of the Interborough Rapid Transit lempany and affiliated transportation jim, have been his organization of ork upon the Panama Canal during president Roosevelt's Administration, Mch pared the way for the successful completion or me project, ana nis ae Wopment of the New York subway interns under a plan by which the municipality becomes a partner In the building and operation of its railways. lTercalean Tasks Completed. Both of these jobs .constituted her tulean tasks, but In each caise Mr. fiionts tackled his problems boldly and iucctssfully. Both at Panama and In New York Mr. Shonts brought order out et chaos and left his work In such ahapa that his successors would be able to carry It on. Mr. Shonts was selected to head the i:cond Isthmian Canal Commission In DOS after the first commission had failed to ahow satisfactory results. President Rcoserelt was convinced that a good railroad man was peeded for the work, and Paul Morton, then Secretary of the Naty, suggested Mr. Shonts. At the President's request William Howard Taft, then Secretary of War, wrote sev iral prominent business men stating that Mr. Shonts was being considered for the responsible post and asking their opinion Upon his qualifications. All of the re plies assured Mr. Taft that Mr. Shonts aa "Just the man for the job." , Accordingly President Roosevelt wired Ki. SSonts offering him, the position and its communication was delivered In Starch, 190S, when Mr. Shonts was cruls lir the West Indies as guest of Mr. llorton on the Dolphin, the official juht of the Secretary of the Navy. Mr. Shonts was surprised. He said i! the time that he knew very little ibout Panama; but he recognized the ihtewdness of the President In selecting a railroad man to head the commission. for he considered the fclg problem to be transportation the moving of exca vated material from the cut to the spill tanks the moving of sand, rock, ce ntal and Iron to the points for the lo cation of the locks along the route. lie knew that the condition at the time was chaotic; that Mr. Taft had (aid of the first commission that it had not "so developed Itself into an execu tive body as to give hope that It might he used successfully as an Instrument for carrying on the Immense executive Wden involved In tho construction of the canal." The acceptance of the President's of fer meant material sacrifice, but he con sidered It his patriotic duly to accept provided he might racelve full author ity, for he felt that by no other means could success be attained. A few days later Mr. Shonts gave his answer to the President personally In me vnue House. "Mr. President, he said. "I have an Idea that when you Jearn tho condltjbns under which I am willing to become chairman of the Isthmian Canal Com mission you may withdraw your offer. With a body composed 'of so many dif ferent members with diversified duties that are likelv tn ronfllet on occasion. there Is bound to be friction so long as responsibility Is divided. I should not care to accept the chairmanship ef this commission, therefore, unless It u understood that I am to have abso lute authority as to both men and measures In the work of the construction of the canal subject to your approval, of course." President Roosevelt's response was to eptn the doors of the chamber in which they were conversing. Invite several newspaper men who were waiting to see nun to enter, and 'to say. "Gentle men, allow me to Introduce to you the raurman of the Isthmian Commission, who Is to have absolute control of the soastructlon of the Panama Canal. with his wide acquaintance among railroad men Mr. Shonts was able to pick to aid him In his tusk a wealth of talent and genius. Because of the men that ha picked the second canal commission became known as the "allroad Men's Commission." One of the greatest results of the Bhonts rule at Panama was the elimi nation of yellow fever and the cutting of the death rate. In which he was aided hy Col William C. Qorgas. later Sur-Seon-General of the United States Army. Although throughout the length and breadth of the United States the cry was jolng up to "set the dirt flying," Mr. hOntS flrmlv hftllAV.H that tuafeiFA ftt. ting the dirt flying he should make the "minus habitable to the persons who io work there. o r.ero or Greek mythology ever ced a morB perplexing 'task. There were no systems of waterworks, of ewerage or of drainage on the entire isuimus at the time. The people de pended for their water largely upon -"unjiecwa cisterns filled during- the amy aeasnn nnd n-im Biinnit.i from nearby streams, all of which were Places for mosquitoes. In de scribing conditions as he found them Mr. Shonts wrote: "The filth of ages f accumulated nMnnri thm n.alun. In the streets, undisturbed except nasnea away by torrential storms. ola pf stagnant water had existed for i In proximity to dwellings, and In- . " ""'"f" u.iuiaiiifu ttu- lan! m 010 CltlCS Bnd mln 0f tb" MB, Health Considered Flrai. vri', . Ir.n" oeciared that "to mane dirt fly" under uch conditions would spit criticism he adhered to the deter mination to render the Trthmus hnbltabl before beginning to dig rather than bring workmen there to die. At hlr Instance and Under1 direction of Col. Qorgas the work of cleaning up the Isthmus began. Panama, Colon and mo towns, villages and labor camps In tho Canal Zone were fumigated over and over again. They wero fumigated house by house and later villages and towns at a time. Thirty-five hundred men worked unceasingly at this task, and as n result yellow fever was extirpated In less than four months, after which It never returned. The success of this sanitary accom plishment Is best shown by a compari son or mo acatn rate under the French regime and later under the commission headed by Mr. Shonts. In August, 1882, the second year of French occupancy, with a force of nineteen hundred men. the death rate was 112 a thousand. In August, 1805, with a force of 12.000 men, there were oiH eight deaths, or two-thirds of a man a'thousand. The establishment of a hospital sys tem, Including large hosoltals at Colon and Panama and a number of smaller hospitals along the lino of the Canal was another of Mr. Shonts's accom plishments. President RooTjyelt In a special mes sage to Congress lauded this work and said of the accomDllshmonta of the Shonts regime: "The results hare been astounding. Tho. conditions as regards sickness and the death rate compart favorably with reasonably healthy lo calities In the Unltpd States." Anotner reature of his canal work was the conversion of the City of Panama, which had been without pavement, sew ers or water supply, Into the best paved, the best watered and the best sewered city In Central America. This was accomplished largely by the construction of a great reservoir and the Installation of an up to date Are de partment, which on two occasions saved the city from destruction. Anoiner great reservoir was con structed at Colon, with a capacity of 608,000,000 gallons. Tho main street of Colon was paved and tho surfaces of the other streets raised. During nil of this work observance of the sanitary laws was rigidly enforced. Whenever an employee of tho commission was dis covered with too high a temperature he was compelled to go to s the hospital whether he wanted to or not For the triumph of science over dis ease on the Isthmus Mr. Shonts gave full credit to CoL Gorgas; nevertheless without his own support and the re sources that ho was able to -put at the disposal of that army officer tho effort to clean the place up would have, been a failure. It was his determination to make the place healthful at all costs that really brought the Improvement about. Traction Snarls Solved. It was his remarkable success with the problem on the Isthmus that caused Mr. Shonts to be picked by Thomas F. Ryan and other traction heads in New York for the task of unravelling the snarls In the transit systems and de veloping the present elaborate system of Interborough subways. Again Paul Morton played nn Im portant part In Mr. Shonts's life drama. Mr. Morton was then president of the Equitable Life Assurance Society, and after a conference with the traction heads he went to Washington to see the head of the Canal Commission. "They want you up In New York." ho said. "Who wants moT" asked Shonts. "Tho men who control tho New York traction Interests." 'What do they want me to do?" There la a desperate traction prob lem up there," Mr. Morton told him. "It is the biggest transportation proposition In the world. It Is a man's Job, and tho traction owners want somebody big enough to coordinate the whole situa tion." ' I can't touch It now," Mr. Shonts declared: "I haven't finished the work I started to do in Panama. Besides, 1 would not1 undertake the New York posi tion unless I were given absolute authority." It Is because you demanded auto eratlc power In Panama that they want you," Mr. Morton replied. "The trac tion people in New York have peon watching the things you have done down there." Mr. Shonts was firm In his refusal. promised to stay with the canal until the work was being carried forward In all departments under full headway," he said, "so I don't see how I can go up to New York." "We'll wait for you," was Mr. Mor ton's, promlso; and wait the traction heads did until Mr. Shonts was fully satisfied that work on the canal had been launched so well, that the Intricate system had been so perfectly organized, the pestilence so completely overcome that it was perfectly safe for him to quit tlfe Job and entrust Its continuance to other able hands. Then In 1907 he became president of the Interlocking companies, controlling the, bulk of the city's traction lines at a salary of $100,000 per year. He was al ready a man of wealth, however, having made his fortune in his earlier railway enterprises. In undertaking this task Mr. tsnonts again frankly admitted that he was era barking upon a strange course. "I know nothing about the New xorK transporta tion system," he said to an Interviewer, "When I get there and get a chance to look things over 1 11 be able to talk.' Althouch his experience with steam rail roads had been broad, he had never been connected with a city railway system In any capacity whatever, 'me traction heads took hint on his demonstrated ability as an executive, sjnancler and en glneer. Studies Problems First. Mr. Shonts set out at first to study his new Job. He went down into the subway, where 700,000 people were tignt lng to ride on a railroad built to accom modate 400,000. He explored the under ground lines, after which he travelled all over tho routes of the elevated and surface lines. He also put a corps of his own Investigators to work to look the proposition over and report to him on the Immediate and future needs of the system. Mr. Shonts faced criticism and ridi cule from those who expected immediate .tangible results. The first few months were very trying Indeed, with the puDtin clamoring lor oeiier accommoaauons, the cars packed. and the surface lines bankrupt. But the former canal builder did not give up. His first work was to centralize the organization of the Interborough-Metro-polltan organization and its various sub sidiary companler He swung the axe freely, and one after another the heads of the various departments .that had been tugging In opposite directions In the past, the Jarring, discordant ele ments, went Into the scrap heap. lie was opposed by certain directors who favored the men that he was elimi nating, and things came to a crisis when some ot them Intimated that he would resign before he would be able to over come their Interests. But In the strug gle that followed these directors resigned and Mr. Shonts remained supreme ruler of the traction lines. From that time he had wielded undisputed authority. it was his nutocrntla rule that en abled Mr. Shonts to accomplish so much with the city railways In' so short a time. That enabled htm to evolve out of the old chaotic organization a traction sys tem which has drawn the attention of the whole railroad world to New York. Legal Luxuries Abolished. Among the luxuries abolished by Mr. Shonts was a costly legal staff. On hearing that one prominent lawyer was receiving $25,000 per year and $600 ad ditional for every day ot court work he sent for him and was Informed by the attorney that he could not work for less. I don't want you to." said Mr. Shonts: "I am dispensing with your services entirely." From his of floe on the twolMi floor of the building at 165 Broadway Mr. snonts directed the work of enlarging the subways and other transit systems to meet the ever increasing demand, and engineered a plan which would per- mlt still further development as tlmo went on. He revolutionized the signal system on the city's railroads In order that a larger number of cars and trains might bo operated safely upon the same tracKs. By this means he made It pos sible for the express trains la the sub way to operate m rush hours within a minute and a half apart' Mnnv n time his Innovations have prevented serious Mr. Shonts was always an untiring worker. His hours of business ran fnr into the morning In times of etress. With big problems on hand he could not be Induced to rest until he had battled wim vnem ana completely overcome them. He specialized In the difficulties and the creative work, leaving the rou tlnA tn AnhnrrtlnntAa The relations between Mr. Shontd nnd his employees have been most amicable. While there was a strike about two years ago, his employees have generally expressed perrect satisfaction with his arrangements. W. Leon PcDnerman, formerly of the Canal Commission, and associated with Mr. Shonts In tho Inter borough, declared to a representative of The Sun that one of Mr. Shonts's greatest accomplishments had been his humanizing of the system. The Interest that he has taken In his employees Is evidenced tn the organization ot the welfare department At the time of their strike his train and car workers broke away from the American Federa tion of Labor and set up a union of their own, and Mr. Shonts approved their action In so doing. His views on the capital and labor problem aro set fprth fairly In an ad dress mat no delivered some time ago, In which he declared that both workers and employers In railroad strikes should consider the Interests and safety of tho publlo before their own wants or grievances. He suggested the three following principles for guidance of both capital and labor-In all disturbances: That In any conflict between the officers and men of a public service- cor poration the rights of the public are paramount , There can be no permanenobenent in the triumph of either capital or labor In such a conflict If the struggle leaves scars and wounds or bad blood. Unless good will based on Justice and right Is restored and made permanent the struggle Is a loss for all. Nothing must be done to impair any of the fundamental rights belonging to any man to work or not to work for or with whomsoever he will and under conditions satisfactory to himself." Ills Adflne to Unions, Speaking ot unionism he said, "If unionism Is to succeed It must do bo by promoting the prosperity not only of the men, but ol the companies lor and with which tho men work." During the war many of Mr. Shonts's employees went overseas with the. army and navy, and many of his technical workers obtained commissions. All found their Jobs waiting on their re turn. Making both ends meet has been one of his big problems, and he has had a a severe struggle to continue the de velopment and operation of the railways In spite of the ever Increasing cost of things and the opposition of public sen timent to any increase of fare. Speaking of the extravagance of Government operated railroads he said that where It Is posslblo to make up all deficits by taxation the Incentive to economize Is naturally eliminated and extravagance inevitable. Mr. Shonts believed In educating the publlo regarding the transportation prob lem, and 'for the purpose ot presenting his side ot Uieetemal traction argu ment caused the publication of those three capers. The Bubtoau Bun, Tha Elevated Express and The. Qreen Car Traveler. Through the medium of these papers he caused tho various critics or the sys tern to be publicly answered. He en lightened the passengers regarding the Increasing cost of coal and other ne cessities of operation. He explained cer tain dimcultles that unthinking passen gers had never before realized. These papers also at times contained bits. of advice on street car courtesy, for Mr. Shonta believed that politeness should be exercised in the subway as well as In more elaborate surroundings. He urged patience with his workers, and vigorously rebuked the cranks who criti cised the costumes ot the conductorettea. He also boosted tho Liberty and Vic tory (Loans, and many worthy drives through these papers. early colonial days. His mothor was of Scotch extraction. During his boyhood he moved with his parents to Appanoose county, Iowa. Ho received the degree of bachelor of arts at Monmouth College In 1876. After graduation he became -an accountant and In a short tlmo was employed by national banks to standardize and sim plify their systems of bookkeeping. He took up the study of law and practised for several years at Centervllle, la., where he became associated with Gen. Drake, who had large financial and rail road Interests, and who placed much ot the work of management and construc tion In his hands. Ho had a part In the construction ot the Iowa Central Railroad, and after ward built the Missouri, Iowa and No braslca Railroad, of which he was the controlling owner. With associates he obtained control of the Toledof St Louis nnd Western Railroad and rehabilitated It He was president of this lino, the Chicago & Alton, Minneapolis & St Louis and several other companies, nnd dlrectpr of many more boforo ho tackled the two biggest problems ot his life: the canal nnd the Now York subways. Mr. Shonts was a member ot the Metropolitan, Union League, Recess and Sleepy Hollow Country Clubs of New York, 'the Metropolitan and Chovy Chase of Washington, the Chicago Club of Chicago. Mrs. Shonts was before her marriage Miss Harriet Amelia Drake. She was the daughter of Gen. Drake, who became Governor of Iowa, and she was married to Mr. Shonts during the period of his associations with her father In his first days of railroad management He Is survived byf two daughters, one of whom Is tho Duchess Emmanuel de Chaulnes. Tho other daughter Is Mrs. Marguerite Bingham, wife of Rutherfurd Bingham, son ot Gen. Theodora A. Bingham. INTERNED GERMANS ARRIVE. Iiroufrlit Here From Panama for Deportation Thursday. Ten acrman subjects who have been Interned In Panama stnea the Isthmian republlo's declaration of war In 1917 arrived yesterday on the Panama liner Advance. They were sent to Bills Island, whero they'wlll remain until tho trans port Pocahontas sails Thursday, wltoh they will Join 1,200 of their compatriots who are being returned to the father land by tho United States Government Included In the Panamanian contingent were Alfred Santz, former, Gorman Con sul nt Panama;. Dr. Ernst Hoffman, a physician who has resided on the Isth mus since 1906, and Eugeno Woods, professor of mathematics In the Na tional Institute ot Panama since 1907. LA GDARDIA WON'T TAKE LEGION OFFICE Ills Political Candidacy Bars Him, Ho Writes B. Mandol Post. URGES CUBTIS TO FIGHT Says Bival Should Contest "Re jection ly the Board of Elections. Representative Florello II. La Guardla, Republican candidate for President ot the Board of Aldermen, has refused to accept tho vice-presidency of the B. Mandcl Post of the American Legion be cause he docs not believe that the legion, If It Is to ncnleve Its full usefulness. should permit anything to be done which might glvo the impression that tho or ganization Is to become associated with partisan politics. , "I am certain,-" said Mr. La GuardUt In a statement yesterday, "that my com-1 rades of. the post will understand my stand nnd the spirit which prompts me to decline tho honor conferred upon me by the post. To any one familiar with the Ideals and. policies ot tho legion the reasons prompting my declination must be apparent Thoro can be no mingling ot tho American Legion with partisan politics. I am a candidate i for publlo office and I feel that It Is Imposslblo for me to accept any ofllce, honorary or otherwise, In the American Legion. "Tho possibilities of the legion are tre mendous, and nothing, no matter how small, should be done to let the people bellevo.that tills body ot war veterans Is allied In any way with partisan politics. I want to keep absolutely pure and spot less the namo of the American Legion. "I shall never take advantage of my military record or Impose upon tho nt- j,ot tne Governor his Job with tho Indus icuuuu vi iuy luriuer cumraucs, nor should any one else. I am heartily In favor of tho attitude adopted by the New York county organlzatlonof the legion absolutely forbidding candidates for publlo olllce from holding ofllce lo tho 'legion, or membership on any stand ing committee." Representative La Guardla, return ing yesterday from Washington, satdT. he was "stArtlcd" to note that thol Board of Elections had rejected thfe pe--- tltlon of Thomas Curtis for President ot tho Board of Aldormen. Mr. La Guardla thought that In Justice to his backing Mr.Curtls should give battle to the ruling. "It Is Indeed a pity that the labor or ganizations which selected Mr. Curtis 1 ns tholr candidate at n convention are to loso him," ho said. "I personally hopo that Mr. Curtis will have all the opportunity posslblo to present his causo to the voters ot this city, realizing, how over, that his running will make my campaigning more arduous. In tho spirit of fair play, I bellovo that all men T should have tho opportunity to register their choice In tho selection of men for public ofllce. "Mr. Curtis should see this thing" through. Ho net alono owes It to him self, but he owes It to the men who stood by and slgnotLhla petition. He should have the courago of his convic tions, and if necessary fling mto tho face trial Commission ot this Stato and stand up for tho thing he started, namely, the defeat of Tammany Hall." Mr. La Guardla said It wns "Indeed Interesting" that Mr. Curtls's potltlon was thrown out after Tammany Hall t had Issued a statement professing ap prehension, over the candidacy of Mr. Curtis against Mr. Moron. Called Greatest Deed. Asked what he thought to tie Mr. Shonts's grcatesti accomplishment with the New Yrlt Railway system, Mr. Pep ipcrman said : "I believe that his greatest accomplishment here was the bringing about of partnership betwen the munici pal government and private capital. Thoro are great future possibilities In this plan." Mr. Shouts was born In Crawford county, Pennsylvania, on May 5, 1851. Bon of Dr. Henry Daniels and Margaret Nevlns Shonts. Both parents traced tholr American ancestry back to the If you have something io Sell You have something to Advertise i , Expert advertising counsel can make every dollar work COLLIN ARMSTRONG, Inc. General Advertising Agents 1463 Proadway at 42nd Street, New York ' Tclepboot 1707 Bryant TORONTO MONTItBAL LONDON PARIS TURKISH CIGARETTE "OLD EGYPT" is the newest, most original, member of the entire cigarette family. We won't tell you all the good things about it in one adver tisement. We couldn't ! But here's a beginning It's 100 o pure Turkish tobacco it looks like, smokes like, tastes like cigarettes that cost twice as much. But listen at that it's got some "new curves" its Turkish tobaccos are put together in a brand new way you never tasted a cigarette like it at any price. And you'll like it! .' i , And what does "OLD EGYPT" cost? 15 for 17 You can't buy better for 25 cents. y V OLD EGYPT- the Wonder o 100 pure Turkish tob in the inexpensive airticf hi paper A V J y'K sC . . , MaktrtqftholIighsslCadeTurhUh vK Wjig$gtgOjt ad Egyptian ajan-tfes in theMJ ttftk J f the Age. Ml acco- i l Ml i! cup. Ifl ...... M wsit uacoenuc it