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WEATHER l'OfcECAST. Partly cloudy to-day; to-morrow fair; moderate southwest to west winds. Highest temperature yesterday, 76; lowest, 68. retailed weather report on editorial page. un. IT SHINES FOR ALL VOL. LXXxVlI. NO. 23. NEW YORK, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 1919."-OopyHght, 1J19, 6tf lAe Bun Printing and Publishing Attociatton. PRICE TWO CENTS. HALF OR MORE OF PITTSBURG STEEL PLANTS IN OPERATION; OHIO AND ILLINOIS WORKS HIT; ESTIMATES ON MEN OUT VAR Y; TWO KILLED AND SEVERAL WOUNDED ON FIRST DAY OF STRIKE 23, PARIS HEARS WILSON YIELDS TO ALLIES AND GIVES FIUME TO ITALY Strong Indications Seen of Shift in President's For mer Determination. CABLE IS KEPT BUSY Settlement of Vexatious Problem Is Looked For at Any Minute. 0ERBS SEE CAUSE OF WAR Jngo-SIavs Incensed About Beports of D'Annunzio's Invasion of Croatia. . i Br laurence hills. Staff Correspondent of The Bex. Copyright. 191. all right! reserved. PiMB. Sept 22. President Wilson teems on the point of accepting the ludien turn the Flume situation has taken, as described In The Sun, and jpparently at last Is .willing that ' Flurao should go to Italy. Strong In dications of this woro apparent to-day la American mission circles. The President received the latest plan respecting Flume last Wednes day, and while he has not sent a for mal reply there Is a constant exchange of cables between him and Under Sec retary Polk, and if Is believed that an aiEounccment of the settlement of the Terins problem will be forthcoming WT minute. With Premiers Lloyd Georr and Clemenceau on record, as ftrarfoj Italian sovereignty fpr Flume tie President apparently, has been l ttfSornd-toB-a loophole "ttriush -which to escape. If the Italians get Flume city, as tew seems likely, they -will agree not u maintain troops there." Part of the eftv in addition will bo placed under International control. But Italian sov ereignty over the city rneans that Italy irfns her main contention. It was the President's refusal to accept this solu tion which finally led to tho D'Annun i.o revolt. Premiers Deaert Prealdent. So plan the President would consider beretofore conceded Italian sovereignty. Even the plan ho cabled ten days ago itlpulated that Flume should bo a free city, governed by a commission made up of two Jugo-Slava. two Itallans-and one Flumean. Dut Italy got the support of IJoyd George, due to one of" his sudden ihlft!, and then approached Clemenceau with her original demand. The statement was made In American circles to-day that If the Jugo-Slavs had anted to the new plan there seemed no further reason for the Americans to ob ject. This would Beem to foreshadow the President's acceptance of this plan, though nothing official htis as yet been received from him, or concerning any of the negotiations which have continued Incessantly here since D'Annunslo raised his standard In revolt. Meantime the Italian Government 'apparently Is main taining a perfunctory blockade of Flume pending the outcome of these negotia tions. D'Annunzio's tactics In moving his forces further inland and occupying the Wsnyak Heights appears to have com plicated the situation further and may endanger the negotiations. Jugo-Mava Are Indignant. , The Jugo-Slav delegates here ex pressed Indignation over reports that D'Annunzio had Invaded Croatian terri tory and that he was pillaging and burn ing homes of Jugo-Slavs. The Serbian delegation reports many arrests by the Italian poet's soldier : also the destruc tion of the leading newspaper office In fiusak It Is understood that as soon as a Cabinet is formed In Belgrade the Ser bians will send a note of protest to the Peace Conference If action against D'Annunzio Is riot taken soon. The lead lag Serbian delegates said to-dayi "We will take the situation In our own hands, as the Italians have done. The D'Annunzio affair which w know la not the act or a few eccentrics but a delib erate military manoeuvre by the Ital tans, can very well bo the cause of more than serious friction between the Ser bians and Italians. It can be tha causo "i war We are awaltinc- President Wll son's decision before we doclde to act ourselves." REPORT IS DOUBTED ON WILSON'S TRAIN Officials Know of No Change of Mind on Fiume. O.v Hoard President Wilson's Speciai, train, Stockton, Cal., Hept. 22. Al though White House officials aboard the resident's train declined to-day. to dis cuss published report of a new ngree nt for the disposal of Flumo, they ln oirated that there had been no change ject I'rC8ldcnl'11 Position on tho sub- Several times during his speaking tour Mr Wilson has referred in his ad oriMes to Italy's desire to acquire Flume, c arlng It was a claim based on stra tegic grounds rather than on the prln- Continue ., fourth Page. Italian Troops Help D'Annunzio Raiders Ity the Associated rress. QENEVA, Sept 22. Des patches from Austrian and Serbian sources say Italian regu lars under Gen. Bndoglio have constructed a continuous line of trenches around Fiume, while D'Annunzio's forces have built de fences a few hundred yard3 in side tho circle. The soldiers of the two sides arc fraternizing, exchanging to bacco and refreshments, and of ficers from the two camps dine together. It is averred that trainloads of food have been allowed to pass the blockade line into the city by sympathetic officers, in the ab sence of authoritative control. ROME DODGES FIUME ISSUE Asks Allies to Send Force, Ex clusive of Italians, to Oust D'Annunzio. FEARS POPULAR PROTEST No United States Troops Arc Available for a Part in Such an Expedition. By Me Associated Fret: London, Sept. 22.-pTho' lip Han Gov ernment has appealed to the allied rowers to send an allied force, exclu sive of Italians, to drive D'Annunzio out of Flume, according to a report here to-night which Is considered re liable. It Is understood that the American naval authorities here, who control the operations In tho Adriatic, have de clined any assistance whatsoever pend ing the final decision from Washing ton or the peace delegates In Paris. The Italian Government, it is reported. has pointed out In Its appeal that It would bo difficult for Italy to handle the situation In view of D'Annunzio's popularity with the Italian people and also because of the fact that the Flume decision has been a thorn In the side j of the Italians. It la understood the Italian Govern ment declared that It deplored the sit uation and did not wish to make the slightest move against the decision of tho Peace Conference, but pointedly In ferred that If D'Annunzio's hold on Flumo was to be weakened It must be done by other than Italian troops. The Associated Press learns that even should the appeal be favorably received no United States troops are available, and pending Instructions from high au thority Jnlted States naval vessels would stay outside the three mile limit. An attemnt bv Jujro-Slav forces to land on the Dalmatian coast Is reported in official despatches reaching here re garding the Adriatic controversy. In which Flume is the storm centre. The landing was frustrated by the Italian na val and military authorities American navy headquarters here, which Is in direct communication with Adriatic ports, has no confirmation of the report, from Rome last night that American marines have landed at Buc carl, near Flume. Naval authortlles here are not inclined to credit the report, as far as known there being no reason for tho United States to interfere. Tho fact that an American ship Is In the harbor of Flume la of no signifi cance, in the opinion of naval officers. Rome, Sept. 22. American marines have been landed at Buccari, a small town on an arm of the Gulf of Quarneo io, about ten miles southeast of Flume, says a despatch to the Meesaggero. One American ship is In Flume harbor, ac cording to advices, but the anchorage U a considerable distance from the city. Washington, Sept. 22. No report of (he landing of American marines near Flume has been received at the Navy Department, Secretary Daniels said to day, however, that Hear Admiral An drews, commanding the American j 1 1 V. VnH.rran.in hnri full gqUKUIUIl III "to ... w ...... . . 1)0 vw to use American navil forces na might be needed In the opinion of allied officers on tne prounn. ITALIAN KING ASKS FIUME CONFERENCE Nitti Calls Meeting of Nation's Leaders at Palace. , By the Associated rrest. Rous. Sent. 22 Premier Nlttl, at ihn Instance of King Victor Emmanuel, has called n meeting at the Royal Palaco for Thursday, at which the Presidents of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, the leaders of the political parties, members of the Cabinet and tho chiefs of tho army and navy will discuss the Fiume situation with the King. The convocation of the Chamber of Deputies, which was to have taken place Thursday, has been postponed until Sat urday. , FOREST FIRES IMPEDE WILSON 1 THE SIERRAS Blazes Attributed to L "W. W. Leap Across Railway as He Passes. TRAIN IS OFTEN STOPPED Speaks at Reno, Nov., After v Platform Talks at Sacra monto and Elsewhere. By a'Btaff Correspondent of Tna Scs. Reno, Nev., Sept 22. Bret Ilarte's country was burning when President Wilson passed through it this evening on his way to tho haven of tho disap pointed. Whole slopes of the Sierras blazed red under stifling mantles of bluish smoko. For many miles between Sacramento and Truckee, near the Nevada line, the President's train touched the edge of vast forest fires, running sometimes straight through flames that leaped and'crackled a few yards to the right and left of the Southern Pacific right of way. Great gangs of railroad workmen with water and counter fire, tlrtd men with scorched boots nnd overalls nnd soot blackened faces, rested only long enough to wave a greeting to the train, then returned to their furious labors. Near the American River Gorge and Blue Canyon, about 170 mllos northwest of San Francisco, the heat of the fire was, so intense that perspiration poured from the faces of tho President's com panions as they leaned from the train windows In the fascination of the spec tacle of this crime agalnBt nature; for cx!me,lt Is. the Southern Pacific officials say, who so anxiously gulded'the Presi dential Bpeclal to-day. The forest fires are Incendiary, they believe, set by agi tators suspected of being agents of the I. AV. W. They are burning the forests In their practice of sabotage on a vast scale; destroying Innumerable tracts of big trees In a craving to injure society. Some of these creatures have pecn , trailed with dogs and shot at. Train Oliacnred In Smoke. In many places where the glance was startled by areas of blood red flame as large as Central Park and no further from the Presidential train than Cen tral Park Is from Broadway, the slow moving string of ten cars was totally obscured In densu smoke. The President watching the spectacle from the drawing room' of the car Mayflower sometimes had to employ a wet handkerchief to relieve his smarting eyes or to breathe momentarily through the square of moist linen. Never before, possibly, has a President of the United Btates had so intimate an experience with a forest fire. Extraordinary care was taken by the officials In charge of the train. Less than half an hour ahead a pilot train was scouting the right of way, and 'every so often flag signals or the nervous bang of a torpedo would warn the Presi dential special to a stop while tho crew of the pilot Investigated the .flame shot murk ahead. On these occasions, as at the American Gorge, where the American River cuts through the Sierras, 1,000 feel below the railroad tracks that cling to the gorge's brink, the President left his oar to walk along the ramparts of the chasm and to study the havoc pro ceeding under his eye. Often, far below him, ho could see Chinese miners, no bigger at that dis tance away than flies, slowly leaving the reduction mills and stamp plants along tho American River, driven out by the advance of the fire. They were of the type of yellow men, patient and unbe lievably laborious, who have been glean ing from old mines mines exhausted according to the white miners' standards many years ago, but still of rich pos sibilities to these patient and frugal gleaners. Some of them, climbing out of the blazing gorges, carried on their backs- all they owned In the world, ac cepting with the philosophy of their rare the misfortune that had rushed upon them. No Itnln for Many Months. Stamp mills and miners' cabins, newly caught by tho fire, could be seen flaring up, burning like matchboxes. Some where down In that Inferno Col. Starbot tle and M'LIss, too, no doubt were to be found, for the Colonel was no coward. There has been no rain for months. The woods are tinder. In many regions water is difficult or impossible to get. Little can bo done, the railroad officials say, except fight tho flames back iron, the railroad right of way and protect the mountain vl'lages. Already immense tracts have been consumed, so that the train passed through a ruined land of blackened stumps and earth still smok ing. There was no danger for the President In all of this, because tho railroad was patrolled and protected In every rod of Its course; but tho railroad men seemed to think It necessary to take every possi ble precaution. Every tunnel of the Innumerable piercings of the mountain passes, every snow shed of the long series of tunnels that were a trial to oughly Inspected before the Presidential train was peimltted to bore intojhem. The President's Journey to" Reno, where he delivered to-night the thirty fifth speech of the tour, was a twenty- five hour rlao irom 1.0a Angeies, un broken except for a stop of fifteen mln I utes at Sacramento nnd for rriere pauses I at Stockton, Colfax, Truckee and one or two other towns, where the people had 'rnth!-!! In lnrirA crowds and where ! the President did a little handshaking from the back nlatform. it was tne ern California Is a good deal warmer Continued on TMrd rag. REED ANALYZES GRIP OF BRITAIN ON THE LEAGUE Missouri Senator Shows Power of Domination. Through the Assembty. "SKILFULLY CONCEALED" yChcered for Three Minutes on Conclusion Ashurst Hissed for Protest. Special Despatch to Tub Set. Washington, Sept. 22. For three hours nnd morb this afternoon Senator Reed (Mo.) held the nlmost fascinated attention of a full Senate and packed gallery while he delivered nn analysis of the- League of Nations that stands entirely In a class by itself among the great speeches that havo marked this long debate. It. had been characterized in nd vanco by its author as "a lawyer's brief," yet despite that it was In the main a close analytical study of tho lcrtgue covenant, aimed to expose tho true character of that Instrument In a manner not heretofore attempted, it was thrilllngly Interesting to Its audi tors. Tho Senator had performed the herculean labor of first analyzing the precise significance of tho Involved covenants nnd then presenting a pic ture of the league at work In such simple, understandable terms that there could bo no mistaking their meaning. Of all this close exposition tho pur pose .was to demonstrate how com pletely the workings of the covenant have been misrepresented In the argu ments of the President and his agents, who have Insisted that t,he assembly of the leaguo Is "little more than a de bating society" nnd therefore that the possession of six votes by the British EmDlre against ono by the United States is entirely immaterial. 1 Ileal Power Is Concenled. Senator Reed showed that In fact the ultimate power of tha leaguo resides In the assembly; that It Is concealed there so skilfully as to make ulterior object at least presumptive ; that the control of twelve votes In the assembly Is suffi cient to dominate, negative all the pro ceedings of the council and the league, and that the British Empire, controlling In behalf of Its own dominions six votes and .through alliances with- other coun tries enough more to Insure Its domi nation in this body, Is in fact able to control the whole proceedings of the world federation. To build up the remorseless argument and exposition which completed this demonstration Senator Reed unravelled thread by thread the Intricacies of the covenant and made them plain, simple, obvious to his hearers. He showed how certain Britain would be to win, how Inevitably America must lose In any controversy between tho two which should be carried to this forum, and how certain it was too that such a controversy would go directly there. Mr. Reed did not omit to pay his re spects to President Wlson and to de nounce what he charged wcro the mis representations of tho true character of tho covenant. Among the tributes of this kind was the observation that the President is wont "to talk, and, hearing the echo of his words. Imagine It Is the voice of God." Mr. Reed read his speech, though fre quently he departed from his manuscript. He was Interrupted only a few times to ward his closo by Senator Jones (N. M.), whose Interpellations Invariably brought forth bursts of repartee and smothering sarcasm which drew peals of laughter and applause. Three Minute Demonstration. There was a demonstration far sur passing any that has marked tho de bate. Uandclnpplng, cheers and shouts surged like tidal waves of sound and enthusiasm back and forth through the chamber, whose dignity was utterly for cottfn for the moment. After three minutes of this demonstration, which the presiding officer made no effort to check. Senator Asnurst arose to pro test. He said It was peculiarly un seemly that the Senate, sitting after the manner of a supreme court "on a greater case than ever commanded the decision of that body," should be subjected to the Influence of the gallery. This re buke did not please the gallery, so It hissed Mr. Ashurht with an entnusiasm hardly less than that which had marked the ovation for Mr, Reed. In tho midst of tho tumult and dis order Senators crowded around Mr Reed to congratulate him; the gallery was or. Its feet; some were cheering the speech.. others were hissing ami groaning their rtlsannroval of the remarks by Mr. Ashurst. At this point Senator Lodge (Mass.) arose and "In order to pave the way to a return to the amenities of nor mat procedure" moved to adjourn. Mr. Reed opened by quoting from President Wilson that the league aBsem-1 bly Is "largely a debating society." and that "we can always offset with ono vote the Brltlfh six votes. I must say that I look with, perfect philosophy upon the difference In number." Against this he placed other utter ances in which It has been proclaimed that the leaguo "possesses sufficient power to control the passions and ambi tions of the world and hold in leash the armed forces of mankind," The people had the right to expect," eald Mr. Iteed, "that in his tour across Continued on Sixth Page, FRANCE FEARS COUP BY GREAT GERMAN ARMY 1 T 1 i.J ir Allies iieum 01 Aciivu .move ment to Raise Force of 2,000,000 Men. PLAN TREATY VIOLATION Recruiting in Baltic Provinces Goes On Rapidly, Unhin dered by Entente. nr I.ATJIIENCB 1IIEI.S. Staff Correspondent ot Tn Sew. Copvrioht, 131, off rights reserved. Paris, Sept. 22. Germany plainly seems bent on violating tho military terms of tho peace treaty, according to Information reaching tho Allies and which Is causing alarm to the French. Plans seem to bo framing for an army of 2,000,000 men. Tho Information apparently is borne out by a statement of tho German Minister of Social and Economic Af fairs Stelgerwald before tho Cologne Congress, whero ho gave one reason why tho province should not Join the separatist movement as tho fact that "Germany now had a united army of 800,000 men, which in a few months would be increased to 2,000,000." He also said Germany has reason to rcpudlato tho treaty which she had to sign becouso of hunger. Information reaching here is to thj effect that tho German army Is divided Into four com mands, three having their seat In Prus sia and one In Bavaria. Each Is re ported to have a certain number of brigades, and In one district at least the number Is the same as under the old army plan. Steady recruiting for Field Marshal von der Goltz's army In the Baltic seems to bo part of the plan, with' the result that the .Qermanlzatton of those provinces la proceeding rapidly and un hindered by tho Allies. Marsha1 Focli's plan for a new ulti matum was not adopted. Instead the Allies are trying to use tho economln weapon, but without appreciable results so far. Tho problem of enforcing the military clauses of the treaty Is causing much concern to France, upon whom. It Is feared, the chief burden Is to fall. This Is ono of the things that Is pro longing debate on the treaty ratifica tion. TOLD WILSONS GOT $1,000,000 IN GIFTS Penrose Says Party Received Many Presents in Europe. Washington, Sept. 22. Senator Pen-I se. Republican, of Pennsylvania, do- clared In the Senate to-day that Presl dent Wilson and Ills party brought from the Paris peace conference Jewels and other gifts from "crowned heads" which he had been told were worth more than J1.000.00D. Interrupting a speech by Senator Ashurst (Ariz.), who said that In 1810 It had been proposed to prohibit accept ance of gifts from foreign rulers by the President. Senator Penrose asked if the nHzona Senator had in mind gifts made to President Wilson while In Europe. "I know nothing of that," Senator Ashurst replied, "but It any Democrat accepted such gifts he would receive my condemnation as quickly as If he were a Republican." "I have been told that the President nnd his party came back overburdened vlth presents from crowned heads and foreign Governments," Senator Penrose said. "There was Jewelry valued at hundreds of thousands, nnd I was told that customs authorities valued the gifts at mora than Jl. 000, 000." GERMANY 'HAS WON RUSSIA. IS WARNING Vassilkovsky Says Krupps Will Move to Volga. Special Cable Despatch to Tut Scn from the London Timet Service. Copyright! IMP, all rights reserved. llELsiNUFons, Sept. 22. Gen. Vassil kovsky, who haa escaped from tho Bol shevists, has arrived here. 61x foot three In height, haggard and gaunt, he has gone through terrible experience". The president of tho Union, of Knights of St. Georgo and for a short time In 1918 tho commander In chief of the Potrograd forces, he has twice escaped assassin ation nt the hands ot the Bolshevists. After the Bolshevist revolution ho lived disguised as a peasant laborer or a common soldier, always carrying on csplonoge against the Bolshevists. Oftitn arrested under various aliases, he was thrice condemned to be shot, but every time managed to escape. He Is full of fiery denunciation of the Uer m a nn, whom he accuses of working hand In hand with the Bolshevists. The bur den ot his tale Is contained In the follow Inn statement: "You think you won the war. No, Germany won tho war In July, 1917. A German officer serving In the Russian guard regiment told me that Germany had lost her colonies, but won Russia. I did not believe that then. Now It Is an aoccnipllshed fact. I appeal to England not to save Russia, because Russia is ruined, but to save herself." Tho Germans, says the General, have now taken Russia entirely into their own hands. German shops In Petrograd are open; German trado la protected, and it is proposed to remqve the Krupps to Volga. According to Gen. Vassilkovsky, Ger man staff officers now" are directing the Bolshevist- army, and the Lithuanians who took Dvlnsk were tn reality Ger mans aUIng In concert with Field Marshal von der Qoltx. CHICAGO DISTRICT QUIET;" SOME BIG PLANTS CLOSE Engineers Who Quit With or Lose Charter Large Percentage of Em ployees Loyal, Say Companies. CiiIcaoo, Sept. 22. Tho big steel 1 strlko wont into effect in tho Chicago district to-day without disorder. Some of the largest plants were forced to close, but others operated on a re duced scale throughout tho day, and early to-night there -was no material change In tho situation. The minor concerns wero affected in about the same proportion as tho big establish ments. Whether the strike -would Increase In effectiveness was admittedly depen dent largely upon the course of the engineers in the plants. Although their International union had forbidden a strike, most of the Gary members of thp order -went out with the steel workers. To-night they were consid ering an order to return to work. Company officials generally were reticent and except In the cases of complete shutdowns would not give figures on tho number of men at work. They estimated variously that from 70 to 90 per cent of their employees had remained loyal. At strlko headquarters It was claimed 67,600 men had obeyed the strike call, the total being distributed as follows: Gary, Ind., 22,000; Indiana Harbor, Ind., 11,000; South Chloago, 20,000 ; Chicago Heights, III., 2,000; Hammond. Ind., J. 000 ; Evanston, 111.:, 1,500; Wau- OUTPUT DROPS IN CLEVELAND Only Four of Twenty Steel Plants in Operation as Re sult of Strike. 'NO DISORDER AS YET Local Majorities to Rule When Trainmen Have No Contracts. Cleveland, Sept. 22. Steel produc tion was brought almost to a standstill- here to-day, only four of e twenty plants being In operation as a result of tho national strike. Accord , . . , ,,, icinnn Inff to union offlclals more than 19,000 men are affected. No disorder was re ported. The only plants to operate wcro the Empire Rolling Mills Company and the Union Rolling Mills Company, both of which have union agreements, and the Riverside plant and two blast furnaces of tho Otis Steel Company. Of theso the Union and Riverside plants op erated about 75 per cent, capacity, It was said. Tho lakeside plant of the Otis Steel Company, Including the steel foundry, shut down completely by the strike, will be opened to-morrow morning if police protection is provided, according to com pany officials. They claim men reported for work to-day but were intimidated. The Lake Erie Bolt and Nut Company, employing 1,300 men, was closed when about 500 members of the Amalgamated Assoclrtion of Ir'on, Steel and Tin Work ers walked out, notwithstanding a work ing agreement, company officials allege. Although union officials claimed that every industrial railroad employee walked out. Stephen W. Tener, employ ment director of the American Steel and Wire Company, said eight crews were working on the Ncwbui-g and South Shore road late to-day. Many of thf strikers were members of tho brother hoods of Locomotive Engineers and Railway Trainmen. W. G. Lee, president of the trainmen. Issued national orders that members re main at work where they have contracts but that local majorities should rule where they had no contracts. HOUSES AGREE ON DRY ENFORCEMENT Compromise One Proof Sec tion Expected To-day. Washinoton, Sept. 22. --Complete agreement on the prohibition enforce ment bill is expected when the House and Senate conferees meet to-morrow. A compromise Is looked for on the only dispute remaining whether defendants or the Government should bear the "bur den of proof In submitting evidence re garding illegal commerce in intoxicants. In their deliberations thus fnr the con ferees have agreed to retain the provi sion Axing one-half of 1 per cent of al cohol as the maximum content of legal boverageS, nnd also that relating to the storage and consumption In homes of In toxicating bevernges bought before the war time law became effective. Members of the conference also stated to-day that the Senate provision author izing home manufacture of cider and light wipes would remain, together with many of the other liberalizing provisions added ty the Senata. Steel Workers Must Return kegan, 111., 2.600; Milwaukee, 3,000; Sterling, 111., 1,000; DcKatb, III., ,1,600. At Gary tho men, who had formed the day shift remained In the enclosure for the night and It was Intimated that they would not be asked to go home while the strike was In progress. There waa a slight stir In South Chi cago strike circles late In the day when It was learned that the Wisconsin steel mills of the International Harvester Company were closing down. In a statement the company said tho action was taken "upon recommendation of the elected representatives of the employees, although nine-tenths of the working force was on duty at the usual hour." The work council ot the plant, tho statement said, adopted a resolution recommending closing because "some of the plants In the district were practically closed Tlown and because of the nation wide extent of the strike and the con sequent possibility of violence and In terference with any plans to continue operating." The plant normally employs about 2,000 men. It was stated. At Waukcgan the night shift was not called to the plant of the American Steel and Wire Company. The concern's offi cials said 30 per cent, of the 1.800 em ployees were nt work to-day. The union offset this with a report of what they said was an actual count of all em Dloyees. clerical and official and hands, who entered the gates. The union leaders Bald they had arranged lor daily meet. lngs at which vaudeville and other en tertainment features would predominate In order to keep strikers away from the plant and possible trouble. PARALYSIS NEAR IN YOUNGSTOWN t Plants of Three Biff Companies Closed Movement Spreads in Mahoning' Valley. GENERAL SLOWING DOWN Although Fabricating Mills Are Not Affected, Some Em ployees Walk Out. Toi'N-nsTowN. Sept. 22. With plants of three largo steel companies In tho Youngstown district, employing .16,600, already closed as a result of tho strike SVid others running only part capacity, according to officials, tho steel produc ing industry In the Mahoning Valley was fast approaching general paralysis to-night. . At strlko headquarters this after noon the secretary, S. T. Ilammers murk, said reports showed a total of 30,500 men out In the Youngstown dis trict proper nnd 65,000 out in the en tire district, which Includes Sharon and New Custle, Pa. In addition to the companies already closed. Brier Hill, Sharon Steel Hoop nnd Republican Iron nnd Steel offlclals of the Carnegie Steel Company, after claiming n better than 60 per cent. capacity working earlier In the day, Is sued this statement this afternoon: "Our plants aro slowing down con siderably this afternoon. We have no Immediate plans for closing, but will close unless men return to work." The company employs about 6.000 men. The Youngstown Sheet and Tube Com pany, through L. J. Campbell, vice- president, claimed that Its departments were operating about 6 per cent, capac ity. Strike leaders assert that the mills of the company are practically tied up nnd that approximately 90 per cent, of the 16,000 employees quit work this niornlnr. Smoke was Issuing from only an occasional stack. The sheet and tin plate mills of the Trumbull Steel Company at Warren, in cluding the Liberty Steel Works, are not affected. Tho A. M. Byers Company nt Girard also is running full capacity. These mills are already organized nnd have agreements with tho conference. No disorder accompanied the walkout. Large crowds of Btrlkers congregated at many places In tho streets, but all were good natured and appeared to ho making a holiday of It. Rain fell during most of the day. Managers of Ave foreign language newspapers decided to-day to publish special editions explaining to their coun trymen that if they are satisfied with present mill conditions they should meet and vote on the question of returning to work. LABOR CONFEREES NAMED. Gompers to Lend Fifteen nt Meet- lntr In October. Washinoton, V Sept. 22. President Gompers of tho American Federation of Labor to-day announced the names of the fifteen representatives of labor who aro to take pnrt In the Industrial con ference called by President Wilson to meet here October C, Besides Mr. Gompers thoy are Joseph valentine, president ot me .Moulders International Union ; Frank Duffy, presi dent of the Carpenters Brotherhood ; W. D. Mahon, president of the Amal gamated Association of street Railway Employees; T. A. Rlckert, Jacob Fischer, Matthew Woll, Frank Morrison, Daniel J. Tobln, John L. Lewis, Sara A. Conboy, William H. Johnston, Paul Scharren berg, John Donlln anfl M. F. Tlgha, Niffht Turns Discontinued in Many Mills in Pitts burg District. MOEE RIOTING OCCUES Largo Independent, Jones & Laughlin Steel Works, Running in Tull. 48 ARRESTS AT CLAIRTON Foreigners Most Numorous Among Agitators and Those Who Walked Out. By a Staff Correspondent of Tn Sbm, PiTTsnrBO, Sept 22. Tho Pittsburg district wns hard hit on tho first day of the steel strike. Both sides made many claims, of which the kindest thing that enn be eald Is that thoy nre ex nnrtc. Independent investigation upon any ndequato scale is Impossible In the welter of tall stacks nnd the myriad of huge stockades that line tho three converging valleys of the Monon gahela, the Allegheny and tbo Ohio rivers forforty miles In every direc tion and nmld the drab, smoke stained villages on tho steep sloped hillsides, whero dwell the steel workers, from the comfortable expert with his garage to the "husky" In his bunk house. From sources that aro unquestion ably dependable the situation this afternoon In the United States Steel Corporation plants wns ns follows, nlthough chnnged a little In the eve ning, ns some plants or departments of works In operation during the day wero not on at night: Sixty to 70 per cent of the plants were in operation. Tho strikers were directing their principal efforts at Donora, Cleve land ami Gary. The chief centres of the strike nro at Gary nnd Cleveland. Intimidation, tho employees flay, kept many men away on the' first day. These workers are expected to roturu to-morrow. Most of the strikers nre foreigners, as Americans generally remained loyal to tho company. This 'tho strikers combated, Insisting fhnt Amerlcnns have reported as loyally as .foreigners to tho union call. . Hoiv the Sitnatlon Appears. The situation nppenrs to lie as fol lows, as viewed mostly from the strikers' standpoint: First A little more than hnlf of the plants have been closed. Second If there Is any advantage In the day It lies with tho strikers. Third Violence so far has been only sporadic. It increased to-night, with the first killing of a loyal em ployee and the first wounding of a State trooper, both at Sharon. Fourth All the chances favor tho further extension of the tletip, with Mr. Foster lmllcntlng 1)I belief in this trend by sending to the Bethlehem Steel Corporation to-night a letter In which he gives that hitherto unaf fected company until next Monday ti meet 11 committee or face a strike. Fifth Steel officials aro maintain ing a calm attitude Apparently they nre not deeply disturbed by the shut down of the industry at this time. Reports un Violence Differ. The company and tho union differ radically In their versions with re gard to violence. The union officials cite as a typical instance of tho Bour bonlsm of the local nnd State of ficials the riding down ot a group ot men in llrnddock this morning. Theso men, according to the union officials, were attending 11 mission prencbed in tho Roman Catholic Slav Church. As thoy came Into tho street from early ranss they gathered In small groups. They wero immedi ately charged and clubbed by Stato troopers. The company, on the other Irand, charges that violence nbout tho gates of many of their plants, personal at tacks on loynl men, many of whom were hnuled from street corn, have been responsible for the closing down of those of their plants which aro unable to operate this morning. They Insist that these events Invariably occurred when police protection was Inadequate,- and they insist that tha watchfulness of the locul offlclals and tho readiness of tho State police to not nre but common sense precau tions to Insure that tho Industrial struggle does not turn Into outright wnr. They charge thnt tho strikers have nlrendy commenced their favorite trick of other strikers sniping at tho valley plants frura the strikers' houses on the high hillsides. In n second outbreak nt Iarrel tonight ono man was killed, two 1 1 0 .a.'jH,-L