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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, October 09, 1919, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST.
Wanner to-day, followed by showers to
night and Friday.
Highest temperature yesterday, j6: lowest. 43.
Detailed weather' rtpirts on editorial page.
IT SHINES FOR, ALL
VOL. LXXXVH. NO. 39.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 9,
1919, Copyright, lilt, bv Bw Printing and PuMtsMnp Attoeiatton.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
THREE DEAD, MANY HURT, IN START OF 2,700 MILE AIR RACE;
LIEUT. MAYNARD SETS 2 MILES A MINUTE PACE TO CHICAGO;
POLICE RIDE DOWN REDS A TTEMPTING FIFTH A VENUE PARADE
S, 000 BOLSHE VIS TS ARE
ROUGHLY HANDLED IN
WASHINGTON SQUARE
Clubs and Fists Used Freely
on Heads of Soviet Dem
onstrators. FIVE ARRESTS MADE
Speaker Howling Defiance
of United States Taken
as He Talks.
LITERATURE IS SEIZED
One Banner Read, "Deport Us
to Russia; There Wo Snail
He Free.
More than a hundred mounted po
licemen and foot patrolmen, with
swinging clubs and punching fists,
rode and walked Into a crowd of 6,000
KeJs gathered In Washington Square
yesterday afternoon to pralso the So
viet Government of Russia and send
their love to Trotzky and Lenlne, and
smashed so many heads thai the
meeting was broken up almost before
11 had time to start. ,
During the first two or three min
utes of the "meeting of protest" it
Tras, one of the biggest Red demon
etisations ever staged in New York;
when the police got going and the
thud of the nfehtsttck and the crash
ui the copper's fists were heard as they
fell upon shaggy head and whis
kered Jaw, It became the biggest rout
of Reds the city ever saw.
The mob formed about 2:J0 o'clock,
apparently under the leadership of one
Anthony TopsolsUy of Qreenpolnt,
Kho harangued his fellow Reds -from
the vantage point .of 'the park fence,
lut two or three minutes later "three
detectives ot.-the Bomb , Squad came
Jong and fried td break: Up the meet
lug. Their effortawere not success
ful. Parade In Cat OS.
The Reds, under the leadership of
Topsolsky and others, flaunted their
banners, howled defiance to the United
Butes, and earnestly engaged In
several little private fights in various
psrts of the square. The detectives
(lipped out and called for the reserves,
end about the time the reserves left the
station house the Reds decided to pa
ride up Fifth avenue.
The howling mob, practically all of
tm yelling their defiance in Yiddish
sad Russian because there were few who
lould speak understandable English., hnd
trnched Eighth street when the mounted
policemen appeared. The cops rode di
rectly at the column, several of the RedB
being knocked down by tne hoofs of the
torses, and those who weren't -fast
enough to get out of the way were
knocked down by the clubs of the police
men. All the banners that were being
csrrled at the head of'the column were
seised and destroyed by the police, one
of them reading, "Deport ua to Russia ;
there we shall be free," being Tipped Into
shreds by a big Irish police sergeant.
At the first onslaught of the police the
Reds promptly scattered, taking refuge
on the sidewalks and In the yards of the
residences that line lower Fifth avenue.
Others surged forward from behind,
nowever. and the cops played no
fsvorltes. They rode calmly down the
street, taking a crack at the hoad of a
jowllng Bolshevist whenever It ap
peared. About that time the foot pollco
jaen, reserves, reached the square and
Mn whaling away at the rear of the
tolumn of Rede.
Nnnt Seriously Hart. j
The policemen followed them, calmly
id methodically punching every whis
kered head that Jabbered Russian and
Tiddlsh, and while none of the Reds
terlously hurt, many of then! ac
Wlred such painful headaches that they
Id to sit down on the sidewalk and
"n before they could go back uptown.
The police made eight arrests. Ave of
uiem before the meeting In the square
"tan. Detectives had learned of the
oeetlng through advertisements which
d appeared In two Russian news
"Pers, calling upon all Bolshevists to
ly down their work and Join the demon
stration. On the suspicion that the call
emanated from the Russian Sovlot head
Warters, In 133 East Fifteenth atroet.
wectlves of the bomb squad called
ttere on their way to the meeting.
They found quantities of literature
Ulng bundled up as if for carrying in
parade and arrested Dor' Llpkfn of
East Twentieth street, iJIclta Za
ronla of 157 Ferry street. Maspeth;
Kr Bchuka of 231 East Seventeenth
Jreet, John Koillck of Bridgeport,
Conn., and Abe Ilrook of Norfolk
""Set During tho -ceotlng Topsolshy
arrested because he was not able
J? show a permit to hold a meeting.
vld Kllpper of 146 East Seventeenth
"reet and Samuel Simon of 99 Seventh
ujsot also were arrested.
Detectlvns of the bomb squad made
' the arrests and took the prisoners to
hii ltead(larters In an automobile,
n the mounted policemen and the re
rvi WPre breaking up the meeting.
'Mr they were charged with disorderly
wnd'ict. with the Intimation that other
"'" wilt be brought against them as
I as the District Attorney has made
Friends .of League
Rushing to America
Special Cable Dispatch to Tut Son rem
London Timet Benlcn
Copyriaht. Ml, all rights reserved.
LONDON, Oct. 8. There nro
indications that a rush to
America to support the League
of Nations plan in Congress is
under way. Sailing on tho
Adriatic to-day are Raymond
Fosdick, Henry Morgenthau and
other gardeners in President Wil
son's political vineyards.
SOX TRIUMPH
OYER REDS, 4rl
Cicdttc Pitches Chicago to"Vic
tory in Seventh Game, of
World's Series.
SALLEE TAKEN FROM BOX
John ColMns' Hitting Features
Attendance Is Smallest
Since 1909.
Standing of the Club.
p. vr. i
pa
nneiiumtl (N) 7 4 3
Chiracs (A
.) 7
4 .40
Bv a Stat Correspondent of Tub Srrt.
Cincinnati, Oct. 8. Eddie Clcotto's
name is anathema here to-night. For
the wild, and utterly disappointed
baseball legions of this city its ut
terance Is more bitter than aloes, and
its accents more painful than the
prod of a bayonet. For CIcotte this
afternoon was responsible for the
postponement' of a great celebration.
.M,Just w,hen the Queen City was all
decked out to acclaim tho Cincinnati
Nationals the world champion and
gloat over the Chicago Americans, CI
cotte decided to come back. He re
turned attired in bells, spangles and
all the other approved regalia of
splendid achievement. The squatty
pitcher allowed the Clnclnnntls only
seven hits,, while his teammates made
ten off Harry Bailee, and led the
White Sox to a most decisive and
clean-cut victory, by 4 to 1.
Cincinnati had won four games,
two of them at the expense of this
very' same CIcotte. It needed only
one more triumph to end the series
and take the world'H title.
The White Sox, who had won only
two games, were forced to the neces
sity of winning this afternoon or be
ing counted out of the honors and
no mean financial considerations
which go to the victors. To CIcotte'
was presented the alternative of be
ing the savior of his team or going
down into baseball history as. a far
heralded pitcher who in the supreme
test had failed thrice. And CIcotte
was able to accept the former course.
Plar In Chlcnuo To-dar.
As a result Chicago to-night .once
more Is a formidable contender, while
Cincinnati, though still In the lead .by
four games to three, expresses no great
confidence In Its ability to keep the
White Sox at bay In the eighth contest
at Chicago to-morrow. Rut it does af
firm most vigorously that the honors
will land here, for It has the greatest
faith In Horace Eller, who Is counted
op to .pitch the ninth game should such
an affair be necessary. Should this con
test eventuate It will be staged In Cin
cinnati; that was decided this evening
by the toss of a coin.
It was an Impressive performance,
this Bterllng triumph of the White Sox
to-day. With their backs to the wall.
snarling and fighting back like a lot of
cornered wildcats, and with CIcotte
smarting under the sting of the double
Indignity heaped upon him by the" Reds,
the Chicago men pAved. aggressors who
would not and could not be denied.
While CIcotte kept the Red batsmen at
bay In all timings except the sixth, in
which they put across their lone tally,
the Whito Sox recovered from their
fielding slump of yesterday and accorded
him support that was almost perfect
They were charged with only, one mis
play, recorded by Eddie Collins, while
the Clnclnhatl men were guilty of four
errors. Two of these llijoctea themselves
Into tho fifth Inning, lu which Chicago
scored two runs.
Had Suffer Antl-C'llmax.
While the White Sox, until yesterday
failures with the ba,t, again cut sharply
at the ball and carried along their at
tack with that Irresistible vigor, virility.
confidence and snap, the Cincinnati men
showed plainly that tney naa surrerea
an antl-cllmax. They had been confi
dent that the series would end yesterday,
and they had been balked. To-day they
appeared to have lost some of the drive
of that momentum which had carried
v-
Oontinved on Tteonti'iroonel Pagi.
BUDGET BUREAU
TO FRAME ALL
U. S, FINANCES
House Leaders Agree on
Abolition of Old Appro
priations System.
GREATER ECONOMY IS AIM
Comptroller to Bo Auditor and
President Held for Any
Extravagances.
Bpedal' Despatch to Tax Sen.
Washington, Oct. 8. A nation1))
budget system wlth many sweeping
changes in the present system of gov
ernmental appropriation and ac
counting was agreed to to-day by the
special House committee on the
budget composed of leaders of both
parties. ' The legislation was framed
with tho view of accomplishing much
greater economy to prevent the con
tinued deficits in the Treasury at a
time when the country must start
paying Its bonded war debt.
The legislation, will be called up Sat
urday,. Republican Leader Mondell
said, and because of the fact, that
House leaders composed the budget
committee Its passage Is predicted.
The new system under the wording of
the bill would not go Into effect until
the beginning of the next fiscal year.
July 1, 1920.
The committee In Its report to tho
House made four distinct recommenda
tions for changes In the present finan
cial system. These were:
1. A bureau of tho budget shall be
established as a separate Govern
ment department with a director and
an assistant In charge. The bureau
will consider all requests for appro
priations, eliminate duplications and
extravagance and submit all requests
to Congress In the form of a single
budget) wjth an estimate of 'Govern
ment receipts. The President Is
charged through the bureau with the
responsibility for any. extravagance.
' 2 All f2AVjtf-rmfnt nn,-lf,irii
shall undergo1 an Indpendent audit by
an accounting department with the
Comptroller-General of the United
States at ts head. This replaces the
present system of having each de
partment audit its own accounts.
The Comptroller-General is to serve
durlng'good behavior.
J. The power to recommend appro
priations In the House la verted In a
single committee of thirty-five mem
bers Instead of seven committees, as
at present.
4. The House rules are amended so
that the Houb cannot accept legisla
tive riders which the Senate makes a
practice of attaching to. appropria
tion measures, often greatly delaying
their passage.
Old Rnlea Revived.
The first two provisions are In a bill
which was reported unanimously by the
committee. The others are carried In a
resolution' which was reported with dis
senting opinions, some members of' the
committee believing It unwise to confer
such great powers, on one committee.
The resolution practically reestablished
the rules of the House about thirty
years ago, when all the appropriation'
work was under the head of one com
mittee. 'The whole programme," Representa
tive Good (Iowa), chairman of the
budget committee, eald, "was framed to
reduce the hugo Government expend -turee,
which now exceed our receipts
despite the hinvy taxation. Reduced.
Government expenditures and taxes wl.l
be the Issue in this country for twenty
years, nnd compared with It thearm
and" all other Issues will pale Into Insig
nificance," The strongest nght on the prograram.
Is expected to come on thi reaolut.on
taking away from six committees their
appropriation powers. Many member
are jealous of their power and political
Influence as the result of recommending
appropriations. The total membership
of these committees Is 147, and sum.
members claim all these votes must bt
overcome before, .the new system can bt
adopted.
The committees affected are Fore'gn
Affairs. Agriculture, Slllltury Affairs,
Naval Aftalre, Indian Alfujis and Post
Offices and Post Roads.
Committee Power Limited.
Mr. Good expUVned that under the
new system, the committees will still
ha,Vf)Uhe power to determine all other
departmental questions except the actual
appropriation work. The Military Com
rr. ttee, for Instance, will determine upon
the alxe of the army, Us organisation,
rates of pay &c. Its recommendations
will then be taken to the House, and the
form in which they ore agreed to will
form tho basis of the later appropria
tions by the new committee.
The bill fixed the salaries of tho Di
rector of the Budget and the Comptroller-
General at 110,000 annually, with one
assistant each at $7,500. The budget Is
to be submitted on the first day. of each
tegular session after December II, 1 ft 19.
The bill outlines the work of the budget
committee as follows:
"The bureau shall also make a care
ful Investigation of all provisions of law
dealing In spy way with the preparation
and transmtsslon'to Congress of financial
data of any character In order to de
termine what changes should be made
In such provisions of law, to the end that
all requirement in respect to the re
porting to Congress of financial data
Continued on Eighth Pot.
Navy Fliers Die in
Fall in Florida Bay
pENSACOLA, Fla,, Oct 8.
Three naval aviators, Ma
chinist Charles E. Seibold of Pen
sacola and Boatswains Roy and
McMillan of Wetmore Park.
Rochester, N. Y., and Paul
Dreichel of Hammonton, Cat.,
were killed to-day in the fall of
a seaplane into the bay.
The plane sideslipped rind fell
500 feet.
WILSON FRETS AT
TREATY DELAYS
President Gaining-, but Anx
iety Over League May
Cause Eclapse.
MUST KEEP ON "BESTING"
Worries Over Industrial Con
ference as Buses Foil His
Calls for Senators.
Special Despatch to Tns 8cs.
Washington, Oct, 8. President Wil
son to-night Is still making slow but
steady progress toward health. As
he gains In health and strength,
though, tho thing most feared by his;
pyslclans as a possible cause of re
lapse Is making Its appearance more
nnd more Mr. Wilson's impatience to
get back to his desk and Into the busi
ness of public affairs again.
Two things in particular appear to
be on the President's mind as matters
urgently requiring his personal at
tention. One Is the situation of the
peace treaty and the League of Na
tions before the Senate; the other .is
the industrial conference. In tho
treaty fight the President thinks his
personal efforts on the side of at
tempting ratification are necessary.
So far as the industrial conference fa.
concerned, Mr. Wilson is and has been
extremely anxious tc Put his ideas ot
1 n Tirncrrn mmft"vfra th".' ilal.vnt
However, Dra, Grayson, Rlflln and Stltt
thus far have succeeded In making their
patient adhere" tp their nlles and resign
himself, to the "rest cure." which they
deem of the grentcst Importance In
treating his malady. They will not oven
let Mr. Wilson read the newspapers, al
though Mrs. Wilson reads to him to
some extent.
Bulletins at the White House to-day
described the President's condition as
io::o p. m.
The president has passed a good
day, but there Is no decided change
In his condition.
11:65 A. M.
Tht, President continues to lm-,
prove steadily. He la stronger to
day than at any time Blnce his 111-'
ness. began.
The Prealilnnt'n nllMHIn. nl,v.lln.
are not yet ready to say the President Is
uui ui me woous. -rney are im
mense! v encnurarM at lh. B c- v. a
has made to the treatment given him.
out are leariui ot the possibility of a
setback which might have serious conse
quences. The League of Nations situation In
the Senate la particularly distressing to
Mr. Wilson, and he has made repeated
requests to have Senators Identified with
t confer with him. These requests have
been refused polntblank or White House
attaches have been "unable to Una
.hem." The repeated failures of these
lunts, though, has not deceived the
I'resldcnt, and he has commented on the
emarkable ability of the men he seeks
.o hide themselves.
Messages from abroad, representing
he concern and sympathy of foreign
latlons and peoples, continued to como
.o the White House to-day. The follow-
s messages were received:
President Polncare of Prance: "I
want to renew to you, Mr. President, the
wishes that I, have already asked Mr.
.i uihoihuu vu transmit, to you. I have
been very much grieved to learn that
the long fatigue of the work In which
yotl took so actlVA A nmrt In Tnt -
to that which you Imposed on yourself
In the United States, have temporarily
uur ucaiui. i iorm me warmest
wishes for your speedy recovery. I beg
Mrs. Wilson to receive my respectful
homages as well as the best souvenirs
f Mme. Polncare, and I beg to renew
to you the assurance of my sentiments
jf friendship."
King George of England: "I am dls
tressed to hear of the Illness of the
President, but trust you can give me
reassuring reports of his condition."
King Albert of the Belgians: "Very
glad to hear you are getting "better from
day to day. I send you heartfelt wishes
for complete recovery."
THREE ARE KILLED
IN KANSAS TORNADO
Score Injured, Damage f300,
000 in HoUington.
Grbat Bind, Kan., Oct 8. Three per
sons killed, between fifteen and twenty
Injured, some seriously, and property
damago estimated at between $200,000
and 1300,000 was the toll taken by a
tornado which late to-day struck the
little town of Holstngton, north of here.
The dead are Mrs. George Craven and
her two children.
Holalngton was entirely cut ofT from
wire communication to-night and the
town was without lights." According to
reports received here a path of destruc
tion three blocks wide extending from
the railroad, la the south part of Holslng
ton, to the northeast corner ot the town,
was left In the wake of the storm.
LABOR MEETING
TO GET DOWN TO
BUSINESS TO DAY
National Industrial Confer
ence Expected to Make
Progress.
TIIBEE GBOUPS AT WOBK
Capitalists and Labor Leaders
Fraternize at Suggestion
of Chairman. .
Special Despatch to Tna Sdk.
Washington, Oct. 8. The national
'ndustrtal conference dissolved to-day
'nto a large number of groups and
sectional meetings. Because Of the
rules adopted yesterday that inhibit
'onference' consideration of any mat
ter not presented with the approval
of an entire group, the body when It
met this morning found Itself again
without any business and adjourn
ment was forced.
The general conference will meet
igain to-morrow morning and by that
Ume It Is expected tho various groups
will have formulated some plan of
action upon which the conference can
proceed.
Finding the conference in this sit
uation. Chairman Lane suggested that
delegates before leaving for their
group and sectional meetings devote
tome time to getting acquainted.
This was not tho difficult thing that
might have been anticipated. There was
nothing awkward In the meeting of the
Individuals on cither side.
Gary Chata With Morrlaon.
Judge B. H. Gary, who has on his
hands what looks like a life and death
struggle with organized labor In the
steel strike, chatted on' apparently the
most friendly terms with Prank Morrl-
eo-, , etcretary of the American FerV r
tlon of Labor. The subject of the con
vernation Is not known. John D. Rocks
feller, Jr., fraternized with several of
the labor delegates, chatting with them
In a iriost Interested manner.
For the most part those attending tho
conference mingled for general conver
sation for upward of 'an hour before the
call for dispersal for group meetings
was made by Chairman Lane.
Though the employers and labor rep
resentatives were most amiable, met
easily and got along famously. It Is safe
to assume that they did not exchange
views on the matters they deem vital. In
the conference, but rather upon ab
stract questions affecting the general
Issue,
It Is known that Mr. Rockefeller dis
cussed settlement of labor disputes with
various labor conferees, talking about
past actions In this regard.
The representatives of the farmers
brought their fight Into the meeting to
day. They made It plain that they stood
ready, to oppose any programme, any
action or recommendation that will pass
the burden of prices on the farmers,
and that they will oppose anything that
proposes to' enhance labor at the ex
pense ot the farming community.
Atcalnut Shorter Honrs.
The farmer representatives made It
clear that the agricultural community
will In their Judgment be seriously
dimaged It Industrial hours are
shortened any more, or If wages go up.
They take the view that there Is no such
, thing as longer hours or high pay on
me iunn. xnu mm u mi omtrr lauor
gets a short work day and high pay tho
farms will be left without help, or that
farm wages must be Jumped to an extent
that will make the present high cost of
living seem mild.
The employees group at the conference
Is playing skilful po'ltlcs. Under the
t leadership ot Samuel Gompers. president
, of the American Federation ot Labor.
the labor de'egatlon Is absolutely solid
snd has been playing a waiting game.
In every Instance where It has been
suggestPd that something be offered te
conference for action, Mr. Gompers has
made It plain that labor had formu
lated nothing, but was prepared to meet
any suggestion.
This sltuntlon may he changed as a
result of to-day's adjournment, how
ever. The labor group nt a short meet
ing prepared a programme. Just when
It Is to b submitted Is not known.
President Gompers said It would be put
In at the psychological moment, when
ever that Arises.
The labor' programme Is a conserva
tive one, founded on the labor clause
In the peace treaty, and upon the
fundamentals on which the American
Federation has stood for years. Bo far
as could bo learned It Involves nothing
new or radical, but la largely confined
to the principles of collective bargain
ing, the right of organlzotlon, recogni
tion ot the union and the federation, the
eight hour day and a living wage.
Steel Strike Leader There.
There Is little chance that tho steel
strike situation wtl be Injected by the
labor element as an Issue at the confer
ence. It has been Intimated that labor
Is willing to fight out the Issue at the
steel mills. John Fltzpatrlck, steel strike
leader, conferred with labor representa
tives to-day, but It Is understood they
met him as officers of the American Fed
eration of Labor rather than as delegates
to the conference.
Whether any progress will be made by
the conference to-morrow U problemati
cal. Under the rules, the matters brought
In by the group to-morrow will have to
be referred by the chairman to the gen-
Continued on Second Pige '
Summary of Accidents in Air Race.
FOLLOWING is summary ot accidents, three of them fatal, on first
day of 2, too mile air race: (
CASUALTIES.
Major D. H. Crissey, pilot and Sergeant Virgil Thomas, observer
of plane No. 66, killed in making a landing at Buena Vista Field
Salt Lake City.
Sergeant W. H. Nevitt, observer for Col. Gerald Brandt of plane
No. 4, killed in making a forced landing at Deposit, N. Y. CoL Brandt,
injured seriously.
CRASHED;
Air Commodore L. O. E. Charlton, R. A. E., in plane No. 9, crashed
at Interlaken, N. Y. Neither Commodore Charlton nor his passenger
was injured.
Second-Lieut. George C. McDonald, piano No. 35, crashed nt
Plymouth, Pa. Neither pilot nor passenger injured.
Plane No. 10, Lieut. D. B. Gish, pilot, with Capt. de Lavergne,
French Air Attache at Washington as passenger, took Are from a de
fective carburetor oveV Canndice, Livingston county, N. Y., and was
forced to land. Neither pilot nor passenger injured.
BULGARS IN GRIP
OF BOLSHEVISM
Theodoroff Ministry Is Forced
to Resign and "Reds"
Hold Fowor.
TREATY TO BE RETURNED
Fcaco Delegation Will Bo
Changed and Sent Back to
Paris Conference.
By LAVnENCE HILLS.
Staff Correspondent of Tne Sric.
Copyriaht, 1910, all rloAte reserved.
Pams, Oct. 8. The latest despatches
received in Paris Indicate that Bul
garia Is heading fast In the direction
of Bolshevism. This is supported by
the reports that the Theodoroff Min
istry Just returned to Sofia from
Paris with the treaty, has been
forced to resign, and will be succeed
ed by a new Government dominated
by the Agrarian Communists and
headed by M. Stamboullnskl, a no
torious Agrarian leader ,of marked
Socialist and pro-sovtct tendencies.
The last elections In Bulgaria indicate
the direction In which the nation la
being driven. Three Important factions
of tho Left, namely, the Acrarlnns, Com-
' munlsts and the Extreme Socialists, cap
J tured 171 seats, against one Beat ot the
Moderate Radoslavoff party, thus con-
trolling more than three-quarter of the
National Assembly.
'The overthrow of the Theodoroff Gov
ernment will not be without efTect on
the peace treaty. It Is understood that
the Bulgarian delegation will bo changed
completely nnd new plenipotentiaries
will be sent to Tarls with tho treaty.
TttilpaHn'R twpntv-elffht duVfl of Brace.
j within which she must return the treaty
to Tarln, expires Octoocr 14. The
change In the Bulgarian Government
was brought about, It Is believed, chiefly
to Influence Socialist opinion among the
Allies in favor of Bulgaria and Implies
an' appeal to be let off easily.
MARRIED FOLK PAY
MOST INCOME TAX
$8,390,968,851 ReeeivedFrom
Family Heads.
Special Despatch to Tea Sck.
Wabhinoton. Oct. 8. Married folks
In the United States are by far the most
substantial Income taxpayers.
Analysis of the tax returns filed with
the Treasury for the calendar year 1917
shows heads of families In the vast ma
jority as taxpayers. The number of
returns filed by husbands. Including
Joint returns of husband and wife, was
1,460,723. The total net Income of these
couples was T8 390,608,851.
Under, the 1917 act, aB well as under
the act of 1918, husbands and wives
whose combined net Income was 12,000
or more were required to make a return
either Jointly or separately. The num
ber of wives making separate returns
for 1917 was 20,530. their total net in
come amounting to SS07,'045,788,
From single men who, as "heads of
families." were allowed the same exemp
tion of iz.oou grnntea the married men
were received 72,688 returfis reporting
Income or iz.uuu or over, tne total net
Income amounting to 1412,096,182. The
number of single women In tills class
was 28,368, their net Income totalling
8174.811,281.
Returns of 12,000 and over from other
single men numbered 199,263, their total
net Income amounting to $1,349,784,288
From other single women whose total
net Income was $586,839,917 wern re
ceived 63,890 returns of $2,000 and over.
CLEMENCEAU FAOESTEST.
Deputies Defy Premier In Klxtnsr
Election Dates,
Paris, Oct, 8. The Commission nn
Universal Suffrage of the Chamber ci
Deputies has decided to make an ad
verse report on the Government bill
regulating the coming elections, which
provided that the legislative elections
(.(r-'W h held first, the date of the
elections for the new Parliament, No
vember 16, preceding that of the munici
pal elections. The commission asked
the Chamber to proceed with the munlcl
Il e'ertlons Inmmedlately.
Premier Clemenceau will make It a
ouertlon of a vote of confidence at the
ketslon of the Chamber to-morrow and
will Insist upon the Cabinet platform of
first holding the legislative elections bs
jig carried out
CROWELL IN AIR
CRASH, UNHURT
Assistant Secretary of War
Falls at Roosovelt
Field.
STALLED ENGINE CATJ.SE
Airplane Turns Over After
Landing, but Passengers
Escape.
Benedict Crowcll, assistant Secre
tary of War, was the victim yesterday
of probably the gentlest airplane
crash In tho history of aviation nt
Roosevelt Field, whero he had gono
to witness the start of the transcon
tlncntal race..
Mr. Crowell, who was chairman of
the American aviation mission, was
Invited by Col. Archie Miller to tako
a ride about noon and accepted with
pleasure. Col. Miller telephoned his
former ndjutnnt, who was. at Hazel
hurst Field, Capt. Maurlco Cleary,
to brof over a "ship." Capt. Cleary
scurried around and finally found n
Curtlss "H" which had not been
snapped up by the eager contestants
In tho transcontinental race. He
zoomed over the boundary between
tho two fields and alighted .at Roose
velt, where Mr. Crowell with bor
rowed leather clothes, helmet and
goggles was waiting.
Mr, Crowell hopped Into the machine
and Capt. Cleary "gave her the gun."
Gathering speed the machine swept
along the ground Into the wind which
helps the "ships" get off the ground.
The piano had reached a height of ten
or fifteen feet when the engine sputtered
suddenly, stopped and then continued
again for a moment. Then It stopped.
Capt. Cleary saw that It he went
straight ahead with ! "dead stick" he
would crash Into some bulldlreju at tho
edge of the field, so banked around down
one side of the field.
The wind, which had been buoying the
machlno up, was now blowing In the
same direction as the plane was travel
ling. It lost flying speed and dropped
gently toward the ground. The tip of
one wing hooked Into the ground as the
wheels touched, and nlowlr the tall ot
the airplane rose In the air ib the plane
stopped. The .tall rose up and the nose
dug Into the ground. For a moment the
plane stood straight on end and then
slowly the tall fell all the way over,
landing the machine on Its back.
"Get It going I" yelped nn officer, one
of the crowd on the field. Instantly offi
cers and men rushed toward the over
turned machine, visions of crushed bod
ies before their eyes. At the same time
the ambulance was manned and mechan
ics rushed for fire extinguishers. Before
any one could reach the scene two fig
ures crawled from under the overturned
machine and walked to the wing tip,
looked It over and then started toward
the crowd. An auto rushed out and
loaded them In and brought them up to
the edge of the crowd, which had been
prevented from rushing forward. Neither
was scratched.
"Do you want another ride, Mr, Sec
retaryT' asked Col. Archie,
"Sorry." said Mr. Crcwell, looking at
his watch, unjarfed by the accident.
"I've an appointment In town at 1, so
I'm afraid I haven't time. Some other
day."
r r v rr r r ryim a r r v
PASSED BY SENATE
House Expected to Ratify
Conference Action To-day.
Special Despatch to Tin Sck.
Washington, Oct. 8. An antl-c'lmax
marked the close of one of the bitterest
lesis'atlve fights In the hlniory of the
session when after deliberation of less
than one minute the Senate adopt"d the
conference report on the prohibition en-
i forcement bill. There was no record vote.
the presiding omcer s can ror tne ayes ana
noes resulting In a faint "aye," followed
by silence when he requested "those op
posed." The measure was returned at once to
the House, where It can be called up ua
privileged matter with the right of way
to consideration at any time and with
out doubt will be ratified there to-morrow.
It requires thereafter only the
President's signature to become the law
of the land.
Major Crissey and Sergts.
Thomas and Nevitt Meet
Death in Crashes.
FIVE PLANES WRECKED
Several Machines Lose "Way
After Start From Min
eola Land Safely. ,
SIXTY-TWO MAKE START
First Honors Go- to Flying1
Pastor, Who Makes Won
derful Speed.
Sixty-two airplanes, piloted by tho
best fliers of the United Stnto nlr
service, took the nlr eiirly yesterday
morning on the 2,700 mile fllRlit
ncrostt the continent. Forty--evpii of
these filers took off from Mlnenin,
hound for Snn Frnnclsco, nnd fifteen
set out from Sun Francisco, headed
for New York.
Before sundown three contestants
were deml, severnl others were In
jured, five nlrplnnc's hnd crashed
when their ptlots attempted to land ,
them nnd severnl others hnd wan
dered far oft their courses In the mnzo
of confusing railroads nnd rivers be
tween this city and Illnfthnrnton nnd
In other sections of New York State.
Notwithstanding this, however, tho
majority of the pilots In the rnce
were citrrylnp on ns firm In their
purpose of reaching their destination
as ever.
The honors on the first day go to ;
Lieut. Belvln W. Maynnrd, flying a
De Havlland biplane with a powerful
400 horsepower Liberty motor. Lieut.
Maynard, known among aviators tho
world over as tho "flying parson,"
flew from Mlneola, L. I., to Chicago,
111., a distance of 810 miles, making
five stops of thirty minutes each at
the control stations along the way
In nine hours and twenty-nlno min
ute i, flying at a rate ot about two
miles a minute.
Tho "flying parson," who started
tenth from Mlneola, was the only one
ot the illneolfl. starters to reach Chl-
j cago. Three other pilots reached
Bryan. Ohio, the next control station
j to Chicago. These are Second Lieut. L.
S. Webster, Major Henry J. Miller and
Capt. H. Drayton, all of whom also
Crash at Salt Lake City.
Of the fifteen San Francisco start
ers eleven reached Salt Lake City.
Here the worst crash of the day oc
curred. In attempting to make a
landing at Buena Vista Field, near
tho city, Major D. II. Crissey and
his mechanic, Scrgt. Virgil Thomas,
were killed. Crissey died instantly,
but his observer lived a few minutes.
The aviators were Just completing th
first lap of the International nirplano
derby and were the ninth of tho east
bound entrants to reach this city, the
first overnight stopping place.
As the De Havlland machine ap
proached the field Major Crissey was seen
to signal a greeting to his brother avl- ,
store who had preceded him. He started I
to circle the field preparatory to land- -lng.
With the engine shut oft the ma
chine had started to turn Into the,
straightaway before descending when It
suddenly turned and dived, nose down,
450 feet Into the pond of mud and water.
Major Crissey, who was commander of
Mather aviation field, Sacramento, Cat, '
resided In Washington, D. C. Sergeant
Thomas's home was at Los Angeles.
The lone Fokker plane In the east
bound flight, piloted by Cndet Donald
H. Cardiff, was stalled to-night at Sal
diiro, Utah. Two other planes had not
been heard from after leaving Reno,
Nev., at 9 110 this morning. Tho fifteenth
plane, which left San Francisco at 1 :04
o'clock this afternoon, stopped for the
night at Sacramento.
The third fatality occurred at De-
posit, N. Y., when Major Gerald Brandt, '
flying a DH-4 Bluebird, attempted to
come down because of poor oil pressure "
and crashed. His mechanic. Sergeant
W. H. Nevitt, was Instantly klllod.
crushed between the motor and big oil
tank of tho machine. To Dr. M. F.
Dyer of Binghamtnn, one of the phy
sicians' who attended him. Col. Brandt
told how he notlo,-,! the oil ireSHiun
of the new Liberty motor he was driv
ing go down to reio. Realizing that his
motor would go dead shortly he circled
Defioilt nnd ilnuily saw a field In which
he thought he might land. Ills ma
chlno landed heavily and plunged Into
a depression In the ground which
crushed the front of the machine.
Brandt. In the rear seat, escaped with
a nervous shock which left him dazed
for hours.
Of the two representatives of the
Al'les, Air Commodore I K. O. Charl
ton, British air attache at Washington,
and Capt, De Lavergne, French mili
tary attache nt Washington, both camii
to grief and narrowly escaped death or
serious Injury during the day.
Ilrltlaher Has Hard Lni-I-
Commodore Charlton, flying a Bristol ;
fighter, a British machine equipped with
a Rolls-Royce engine, reached Wngham
ten, the first control stop, 142 mBes from
Mlneola, In safety but numb with cold
after having passed over territory which
he described as "exceedingly unattrac
tive and contusing." Part of this was
the foothills of the Cntsklll Mountain
end a veritable death trap, nVvold of
landing plsces tor the filers. He ret out
for Rochester, but at Interlaken wan
compelled to make a landing because of
trouble. His machine was dmollshert,
tut both Commodore Charlton nn-l b"
..iak-.-. 9
.MiMrmmt&uUJux - , .. i i . . , jf
J ir
II 1

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