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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, October 11, 1919, Image 1

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Cloudy and cooler to-day, probably with i f
showers; to-morrow .much cooler.
Highest temperature yesterday, 78; lowest, 63.
Detailed wethr reports on. editorial page.
tVOL. LXXXVn. NO. 41.
new "York, Saturday, October 11, 1919. convent, m, sun mmm on pmWm amoci.
'Three Contestants at Bryan,
Ohio. G50 Miles From
Their Goal.
Six 3lnr.e Machines Downed
Miiyuiml's Record Now
2.1 13 Miles.
Mter losing his lead in the trans
continental race for the first.tlmo since
Wednesday, Lieut. ' Belvln W.' Slay
card, tho "ftying parson," regained It
;aln late yesterday afternoon by a
wlft and desperate dash over . the
JiSgcd peaks of the Rocky Mountains.
mong which one contestant met
tfsth in .a snowstorm. The race Is
ttill much In doubt, however.
Lieut, Maynard dropped gently onto
the Buena Vista flying field at Salt
Ijke City yesterday afternoon at
5:30, after successfully piloting his
plane through tho thin air, bitter tem
peratures and uncertain, wild gales of
the big mountains where the ground
Kititude for hundreds of miles Is be
tween six and seven thousand feet. He
had flown high and was chilled to the
tone by tho rush of the wind, and so
nas his observer and Trlxle, his Ger
man police pup mascot, but he refused
to think of stopping while daylight
"I encountered the roughest going
of the entire trip between Rawlings
nd Salt Lake," Lieut. Maynard' said
on arrival at Salt Lake. "I had to
tattle with a severe north wind, and
ray speed was slowed considerably for
that reason."
Expect to Knd Trip To-dny.
Lieut. Maynard said Just before re
turning his flight to Salduro that he
expected to arrive In San Francisco In
time for luncheon to-day. v
Just before his "hop oft" from Salt
Lake tho police dog Trixle, which lias
made the trln from Mlneola with him.
Jumped from the alrplano and ran
across the field, with the Lieutenant (
alter him. The dog was caught Just
In time to resume the flight within tho
. et time.
"Parson, the sinners are with you!"
jelled a man in the crowd at the flgld
just as the propeller began to' turn for
tho "hep off" for Salduro.
At 6:05 he climbed Into his machine
nd spared into the air.
Fifty-eight minutes later he made a
Irtect landing at Salduro, 100 miles
i.. . ri. thorn ha !
Ul Dlt ,
as content to rest until this morning.
He Is only 518 miles from San Fran-
Cisco, and in three days of flylnpi In-
eluding sixteen stops and a doldy of
half a day. he has covered '2.183 miles.
Two mountain ranges, the Sierra
Sevada and tho Coast range, separate
i.im from his destination, but these
re plight barriers after breaking
thriiuzh iIih In. barricade of tllu I
lln.tlmund Filer, l'ront.
Meannhlle the fliers of the Paclllcj
lope, who faced the Rockies early In I
their race across the continent, have
teen profiling by the favoring breezes
ana broad prairies whlcn tney nave
reached. Unless something goes wrong
three pilots who left San Francisco
Wednesday morning wllj glide down on
to Roosevelt Field, Mlneola, this after
noon. The three, Capt, Lowell H. Smith,
Major Carl Spatz and Second Lieut. E.
C Kiel, reached Bryan, Ohio, 147 miles
Vst of Cleveland, yesterday afternoon.
"ere remain only 650 miles Deiween j The Iong3horemen's strike will be ex
tern and their destination. i . . ... ,.. ,.,. , .,,
Just who wins the biggest race In t
me History of aviation and indeed one j
of the b.ggest of the- world, for It Is
fcot orten that a continent Is a racetrack
"-4ernds upon who gets up earliest In
the morning, who has the best fortune
It the matter of mechanics and weather
nd ho can most stoutly withstand the
filling strain of piloting a roaring,
lnd ehaken plane through many miles
w spare
Prevailing winds favor the filers from
Jhe Pariflc a3 they have during the en
tire ra. e while Lieut. Maynard, flying
Vth the sun, has had tho advantage
w longe hours of daylight. Lieut. May
Mrd dm a 400 horse-power De Havl
nd piane with a Liberty motor, as do
the other leading filers.
Only una rraah of fatal consequence
occurred during the day. although nve
cr U rr.a.'tiines were smashed In land
three being In that dtstrlct between
I.aku city and Cheyenne whero
'he mountalni tower 6,000 feet and the
Jir la iti in and planes nre unmanageable
j? wnwiuonce At the Buffalo flying
MM W.jrth D. McClure. observer on
if I'm piano .No, 21, was hurled from
l"" a,r ne and killed when It made a
"h landing.
I'll"! Iniinot I.ocnte Field.
Maicr L, Sneed. pilot of the plane,
J"W has Ucn held up at the first con
trols !,j ,ad fortu0 and bad weather,
fron Itoohester to Buffalo, where
" appea ed to be uncertain as to tho
pr H.inmg neld. which Is that of
t j""1 mpany He glided first
'"ward nn open field near thOv Curtlss
OailKd about In n hnlf Alrla m.l
down too yards from the hangars.
Jj P,ai hit the ground Jiard and
5--. CwtHnued on Ttntk.Paoc.jb
Export Freight Must Be
Moved, Washington
Wage Awards to Longshore
men Will Ho Sustained
to Utmost.
Special Despatch to TnE Son.
Washington, -Oct. 10. Tho four big
Government departments In Washing
ton concerned with the movement of
export freight through tho port of
New York combined to-day In an
agreement to do their utmost and use
all of the available resources of he
Government to move freight In New
York and to sustain the award of the
National Adjustment Commission.
This course of action was deter
mined Upon at a meeting at the Navy
Department, attended also by (repre
sentatives of the United States ghlp
plng Board, War Department and
United States Railroad Administration.
Previous to this meeting, however, the
Railroad Administration 'Issued Instruc
tions to all regional officers to stop
forthwith Issuance of permits for the
shipment of export freight to New York.
Thlr action was taken to prevent con
gestion at the port as a result of the
The Shipping Board Issued tho follow
ing statement with reference to the
"The United States Shipping Board
accepts the longshoremen's awards of
the National Adjustment Commission
and is prepared to give these decisions
Its fullest support.
"For the past two years the affairs of
the longshoremen's Industry have been
conducted In an orderly manner, and
agreements made have been lived up to
by all concerned. Under an agreement
between the employers, the longshore
men and the United States Shipping
Board, all questions in dispute. Including
wages, have been decided by the Na
tional Adjustment Commission. last
month the longshoremen, through thelr
duly autnorled representatives, renewed
thjs agreement, again bl.idlng themselves
to abide by the decision of the National
Adjustment Commission.
I "roe proclamation 01 ine i-resem
of the United States urged all workers
throughout the United States to continue
I under their present wage stfales until the
labor conference could take some definite
mi.- . -... - ... thn V." T
Uonal Adjustment Commission Ib In sub
stantial accord with the President's proc
lamation, and, furthermore, provides for
a reconsideration of the wage scale on
uecemoer i, proviueu i.w ....
- does not decline or the longsnoremen
, ghQW an lncreaged output.
, ..A 6rna and violent minority haB for
the moment succeeded In Influencing the
'majority of the men to repudiate their
agreement In direct PPl'"
- constituted le demand
i b'y thrcatg Q( ;.lolence drvmK .other
. th doci,. Sucn a violation
ot agreements, entered Into in good faith
anil Huch utter disregard of their recog-'
nlzed leaders destroys the principle of
collective bargaining. This cannot be
tolerated? Every .fff."'!
power of the United States Snipping
u.,h win ho omnlnved tn move Its ves-
Jels an(J t0 suataln the decision of the
Orders Go From Here as All
Piers Are Idle.
"""" "'" "' ' - ."
Atlantic coast, irom roruanu to sa-
annali, according to John r . Kllcy,
chairman, and other members of the
local strike committee. The commlt
te, uhleli was appointed Thursday
night In the meeting at Ta'mmany Hall
to handle the situation and attempt to
get u settlement based on higher wages
than seventy cents an hour, will be the
"lieadtiuarters ' committee for the sea
board strike.
Mr. JUley said yesterday afternoon
that delegates to make arrangements
for the tielng up of the port at Hamp
ton Xtoads now were on their way to
New York and that by Sunday dele
gates from all principal ports, Includ-
lr,g l'ortiana. Boston, rnuadeipma,
Norfolk and Savannah would havo es
tablished headquarters here. In the
meeting Thursday night, the subject of
Inviting the longshoremen of Hampton
Honda to Join the strikers hero was dis
cussed. While no definite action was
taken, It Is understood that the com
mittee yesterday morning came to an
agreement and that communications
wore sent to union leadetu ul the other
Members of the committee say the
action of the National Adjustment
Commission yesterday morning In re
fusing a wage Increase to the 15,000
coastwise longshoremen, 8,000 of whom
are at the port of NeV York, will oper
ate materially In bringing about the
coastwise strike. The men affected,
most of whom at this port are now
out, had demanded 1 an hour and
tl 60 for overtime, as against sixty-five
rents an hour and tl for overtime.
l'rof. William Z. Ripley, chairman of
the commission, yesterday declared that
to have voted the longshoremen more
0otiilnuedon. FouTlb-P.oiie..
Geddes Sees Big Trade
Ahead; No Fear of U. S.
By the A$ociated Pre$t.
LONDON, Oct. 10. "Never
have there been greater op
portunities .for trade in Great
Britain, and greater opportunities
will present themselves in the
future," said Sir Auckland C.
Geddes, Minister for National
Service nnd Reconstruction, to
day. "Nothing is more important for
the country," he continued, "than
to appreciate the outlook for
trade and to seize the oppor
tunities. But , we must have
courage and determination and
must summon the necessary
unanimity. Every nation ia
short something that Great Brit
ain can supply."
"British manufacturers have a
bugbear of American rivalry, but
America is not well placed for
world trade. Besides, she has her
own troubles, whilo tho exchange
is hindering American exports
America cannot drive British
trade from the world markets if
we only make 'up our minds to
work together."
Troops Under Col. Avaloff
Dcrmondt Reported to Have
Entered City.
Letts Declare Germans Were
Repulsed With Heavy Losses
After Attack.
LONDON (Satnrday), Oct. 11. Th
advance guard of Russian troops un
der Col. ATnloff-Dermondt entered and
occupied Riga "Wednesday evening: or
Thursday morning, according to the
"Dally Mall's" Helslngfors, Finland,
Col. Arnloff-Dcrmondt Is commander
of the .Russian troops that are coop-!
crating with Gen. von der Ooltz, the,
(Herman commander In the Baltic re
Copenhagen,, bet. 10. German troops
under Gen. von der Goltz, together
with Russians under Col. Avaloff
Dermondt, attacked tho Letts thirty
kffomcters from Riga and occupied
Shlotsk, which Is outside the demarca
tion line, according to a report issued
by the Lettish bureau at Riga.
The report adds that the attack was
repulsed with sanguinary losses. Fight
ing continues on the whole of the
front. The Letts say their losses were
Tho forces of Gen, von der Goltz in
clude Imperial German troops, -with
tanks and airplanes, says the report,
which adds that the Germans at
tempted to bomb Riga, but were re
pulsed. ,
A state of siege has been proclaimed
at Illga as a prccauttbnary measure.
Reserves are being formed anions those
who are unable to go to the front. Sol
dters who were starting toward the front
were pelted with flowers.
The Lettl3h Bureau says the Germans
and Russians attacked on the front of
St. Olal, thirty kilometers from Riga,
and the shore of the Gulf of. Riga, and
occupied the coastal town of Shlotsk,
nnd also attacked the coastal town of
DUDoeim, tnirty Kilometers irom itiga.
Letts Claim Victory,
The Letts in addition to claiming to
have Inflicted sanguinary losses on the
enemy and to have destroyed an
armored' train at tho St. Olal station,
declare they cut up two companies of
Germans with their machine sun iflre.
Anotncr despatch from Riga says th
Germans attacked repeatedly during the
night in overwhelming numbers and
with all modern weapons, but that tne
Letts successfully counter-attacked.
The despatch adds that both soldier:.'
and civilians are filled with enthusiasm
and that volunteers are Joining the ranks
day and night. These Include studenU
of all classes. Lettish soldiers who havo.
been lighting with the British ani
Ftench at Archangel havo Just arrived
at Riga by steamship and rushed to tho
British and French warships In the
harbor of Riga have cleared for action
on account of the attack by German and
Russian troops.
Earlier reports from German sources
Indicate that Von der Goltz was prepar
ing to yield to the demands of the Allies.
Berlin advices from Milan, twenty-seven
miles south of Riga, declared that the
Russian and German forces In that vi
cinity had reached an agreement In re
gard to the gradual evacuation of the
'country, which had been notified to the
representatives of tho Entente at Mltau.
Tells of Agreement.
A Berlin telegram .from Mltau states
that Col. Avaloff-Dermondt on October
S handed to the Entente representative a
note addressed "to the representatives
of the Allies Powers In Russia" and
"In order to combat Bolshevism, re
ConUnucd on Fifth Page,
Deadlock Over Workers',
Group Resolution Causes
Conference Adjournment.
Employers' Representatives
Produce Programme Demand
ing tho Open Shop. I
Special Despatch to The Bc.x.
Washington, Oct. 10. A deadlock In
the general committee of tho National
Industrial Conference over -the steel
strike forced the conference Into nn
adjournment to-day that wilt carry
over until pext Tuesday. Tho general
commltteo Is to' meet Monday morning
for an all day session to dispose. If pos
sible of tho resolution presented to the
conference by tho labor group asking
the appointment of a .commltteo of six
to settle tho steel strike. According fb
the labor proposal oil employees are to
go back to work .and to be reinstated
pending the committee's deliberations.
President Gompers of Uie A. F. of
L. kept tho conference in session to
day pending the committee's action on
the resolution, but the committee could
not agree. There Is unmistakable evl
denco that tho labor group proposes to
make the steel strike an issue before
tho conference. Whether they will
make this Issue a condition to con
tinued labor participation Is not
known. ' ,
Arbitration Is Opposed.
On the other hand there ample evi
dence of equally determined opposition
to arbitration of the steel strike by the
conference. This Is evidenced In In
ability of tho, general committee' to
make a report nnd In the resolutions
offered by the employers' groups to
day. The employers' statement) of prin
ciples embodied In effect the stand taken
tiy Judge Gary In the strike. They pro
vide that each Industrial establishment
Is to be considered as a productive unit
In dealing with Industrial problems;
each Industrial establishment as a unit
to provide adequate means for settling
disputes: fundamentals of Individual
freedom of contracts asserted and tho
principles of the "open shop" where
membership or non-membership In any
association Is not made a. condition of
employment shall not be denied or ques
tioned. Labor has a trump card In that under
the rulu of the conference acttoi) of
some sort by the throwing Of the steel
strike on the floor of the conference for
debate la unescapable. After adjourn
ment of the conference to-day there
were many who had given close atten
tion who'-were convinced that the con
ference would split on the subject and
that unless It acted 'the conference
would come to naught; that It would
cither disintegrate hrough lack of ac
tion or that It would blow up through
stubbornness of the groups In refusing
to get together.
May Be Extraneous Subject.
The view was freely expressed that
the conference could npt escape, the
Issue. But there Is, It was pointed out,
the possibility that the steel strike can
be construed as an extraneous subject
and not one for action by the conference.
This is supported by the fact that in
the call for the conference. In the open
ing instructions given by Secretary of
Labor Wilson nnd In the acceptance of
tne cnairmansnip uy secretary of the
Interior Lane, It was made -plain that
lr was not the duty or the affair of the
conference to settle existing disputes.
The conference was called by the Presi
dent to determine a ground qf settlement
of Industrial unrest, in reaching Its con
clusions It was to take cognizance of
the situation and .all relevant matters.
But there was nothing In the call about
settling them.
There are many hundreds of Btrlkes on
In the United States to-day and there
are Indications that those opposing the
labor resolution will take the ground
that the conference might as well con-'
stltute Itself an arbitration board and
undertake to settle all present difficulties
before getting down to tho purpose for
which it was called.
May Name Principles First.
There are also Indications that those
opposing conference action and the ap
pointment of a committee to settle the
steel strike will likewise make the con
tention that the conference. If It I fulfils
the ohjecis of Its call, will rwoinmeml
means for settling '1410 Industrial situa
tion and that consequently Bteel strike
discussion or action should wait on
agreement upon the fundamental prin
ciples of settlement before any settle
ment was undertaken.
At the same time there Is a possibility
of a conference deadlock unless some
thing Is done. Under the rules the gen
eral committee must report all matters
submitted, with or without recommenda
tions. So the steel strike resolution
must come out Into the conference. Once
out It cannot be disposed of without
unanimous approval or agreement
among the three groups. If the labor
group holds' to a determined stand it
might defeat any conference progress
by refusing to let go of the steel strike
It was the committee deadlock on the
Contlnuedt onfourt)i Paae,
4 Democrats Favor Grant
ing U. S. Equal Strength
, With Britain.
Amendment to Come Up
Wednesday and Remain Un
til Ballot Is Taken.
'Special Despatch to Tnr. Set.
Washington, Oct. 10. Despite the
strong propaganda being carried on
against amendments to the League of
Nations covenant there Is abundant
evidence now that at least one of- the
amendments will carry, the Johnson
amendment to equalize the voting
strength of the United States and tho
British Empire With Its autonomous
Desperate efforts still are being
made to defeat this amendment, con
cededly the strongest of any suggested
textual changes. The coming vote on
the Johnson amendment has been diag
nosed as so close that the ninety-six
Senators would be evenly divided and
the Vice-President then would cast the
deciding ballot.
To take the place of the Johnson
amendment It was suggested that 'a
reservatI6n having the same effect
should be proposed. This Is now be
lieved by a great many Senators .to .be
impossible, and recourse is being had
again to the amendment form ,of cor
lectlng this particular evil In the
leaguo document.
Lcnroot Alternative May Fall.
An amendment has been proposed by
Seriator Lenroot (Wis.) which would
provido that the United States should
not be bound In any matters having to
do .th tho league where any nation
with Its colonies or possessions cast a
greater vote than did the United States.
The Lenroot substitute has served to
clarify the situation. It is now believed
that the Lenroot suggestion will be
beaten and after Its rejection the orig
inal Johnson amendment will carry, four
Republicans voting against It, four
Democrats for It, thus insuring Its adop
tion by a majority of two votes.
Senator Hitchcock (Neb.) despite dils
confidence on tho part of antl-leaguers
scoffed at the Idea that the Johnson
amendment would be adopted. He In
sisted It 'trould be defeated by five votes,
but did not venture to name the Repub
lican Senators upon whom he counts to
help him.
The Senate, at tho suggestion of Mr.
Lodge (Mass.), the Republican leader,
at last reached an agreement which
should speed up consideration of the
league and the treaty. It was agreed
that the Shantung amendmep shall be
taken up Wednesday next and kept be
fore the Senate until a vote is taken.
Luclice to lie Heard Neil,
Senator Norris (Neb.) wil conclude.
his speech on Shantung to-morrow, and'
will be followed by Senator Lodge, who
will speak on the same subject.
Part of to-day's session was given
over to a discussion by Senator Spencer
(Mo.) of the action of the 'Missouri Re
publican State Central Committee, which
adopted resolutions askng him to sup
port the Lodge series of reservations
and amendments. He said: "Tho ac
tion of the'.committee Is both welcome
and helpful. I am glad to get It. The
committee Is composed not only of men
chosen as leaders of our party, but men
In whose Judgment I have great confi
dence and for whom personally I 'havo
warm frlendEhlp.
"I have not yet received the resolu
tions, but my Information regarding
them Is that their general purpose Is to
Irylst that the treaty In Its present form
ought not to be ratified, and with this
I am, as I have been since I-drst learned
of Its provisions. In 'entire agreement,
"The treaty of peace, Including the
League of Nations, as It Is now drawn
Is dangerous to our American rights,
which are dear to every one of us, and
never ought to be ratified by tho Senate
as it is written, in my Judgment-It
never can be ratified by the Senate and
certainly not by my vne unless our own
American rights are absolutely protected
and our Independence of action as a
nation Is entirely safeguarded,
"We never can approve the tnfnmous
provisions with regard to Shantung,
nor can we recognlxe the right 'of Great
Britain, together with all her colonies,
to have six times as many representa
tives In the assembly as the United
States has."
A reservation to Article XXIII. by
Senator Curtis, Republican, (Kan.), In
troduced to-day, declared refusal'of the
United States to recognise agreements
concerning trafllo In women. Senator
Cbrtls's reservation construes sub-dlvl-Bion
"C" of Article XXIII. to mean that
the league shall use every means pos
sible to abolish the traffic.
Vlce-Admlrnl Ilrnttr Named as
Successor to Post.
London, Oct. 10. Vice Admiral Sir
noBslyn Wemysa has resigned as First
Sea Lord. It Is announced that he will
be succeeded by Vice Admiral Sir David
Deatty, commander of the Orand Fleet.
Vice Admiral Wernyss was appointed
First Sea Lord In succession to Admiral
Sir John It. Jelllcie In December, 1817.
Admiral Deatty commanded the battle
cruiser division In the Jutland fight, and
succeeded Admiral Jelllcoe tn command
of the Grand Fleet He married the
daughter of the late Marshall Field of
Here Are Grand Jurymen Who Demand
Swann Be Ousted in I. R. T. Strike Inquiry
'pJHESE are the members of the Extraordinary Grand Jury which
asked yesterday that District Attorney Swann be superseded in the
Interborough strike investigation.
Raymond F. Almiral (foreman), architect, 12 East Forty-sixth
Julius Buchman, cotton goods merchant, 112 Prince street.
Henry Osterwciss, tetrred, Hotel Endicott.
Charles Friedenberg, exporter, 17 State street.
George Latham, tailor, 435 West 119th street.
Arthur G: Meyer, merchant, 25 Madison avenue.
Otto S. Wise, manager, R. H. Macy & Co., Hotel San Remo.
George G. Sch'aefer, treasurer, 142 East Fifty-ninth street.
John J. Cuskley, real estate, 321 Madison avenue.
Harry C. Thompson, manager, Colonial Bank, 2181 Broadway.
Henry Meyers,' president, Hamilton' Press, 40 Stono street.
Walter S. Sullivan, Mutual Life Insurance Company, 45 Cedar
street. ' ,
Elwood Hendrick, writer, 139 East Fortieth street.
Clinton Tyler Brainard, publisher, Harper & Bros., 327 Pearl
Benjamin Hamburger, salesman, 215 Fourth avenue.
Isaac Landman, clothing,. 354 Third avenue.
Charles R. Berwin, hardware, 78 Reade street.
Alexander Warendorff, florist, 325 Fifth 4avenue.
Wilson Potter, architect, 22 East Seventeenth street.
Lawrence W. Mack, Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Com
pany, 1 Madison avenue.
Herbert G. Einstein, broker, 25 Broad street.
Charles H. August, real estate, 50 West Seventy-seventh street.
John W. Price, real estate, 102 East Ninety-sixth street.
Outward Sqryice Paid to
League Musks Intrigues,
Saj- Reports.
Hidden Treaties With Hun-
gary and Italy Called
Part of Action.
Staff Correspondent 'of Tun Sex.
Copyright, 1919, all rt'ahts reserved,
Paris, Oct. 10. Coincident with the
apparent withdrawal of the Ruman
ians from Budapest there Is aj-evlval
of the report that Rumania has nego
tiated a secret pact with Hungary as
to the price of Its withdrawal whereby
it Is to get the larger part of Tran
sylvania nnd other advantages In re
turn for certain valuable economic
That Americans take considerable
stock In this report Is significant as It
Is believed to be due to private advices
received by the United States mission
from Its representalves In Hungary.
The report of this secret treaty when It
first appeared some weeks ago was dis
missed as 'Improbable, but It now finds
considerable ciedenc". Recently there
was also a rumor that the Italians had
negotiated a ecret agreement with the
Rumanians with the view of securing
their assistance should Italy be Involved
in a war with Jugo-Slavla. The Jugo
slavs fire also common enemies of Ui
Hungarians and the Rumanians and
Italy is credited by some with seeking
to bring about an alliance of tho threa
countries against what she calls ' the
Ji.go-Slav danger.
That secret diplomacy Is busy In the
Balkans Is becoming apparent every
day. It goes on while time and Up ser
vice Is being paid the League of Ma
tlons by leading men In their public
utterances. That such alliances as are
constantly being talked about. If not
actually effected already. Is evidenced
by the fact that various foreign olllces
are not thinking, of the future In terms
of .the League of Nations, but In those
of old diplomacy, this because of their
ack of confidence In Its 'practicability.
Uven the diplomacy of France in this
part of Europe la predicated on old
rather than on new, lines as Americans
have discovered here In the Rumanian
As to the Adriatic situation, a flat
denial ia made by the American mis
sion that any pressure has boen brought
to bear to get Italy to settle the D'An
nunzlo affair either directly on Rome
or Indirectly through Great Britain.
Document Sent to Parts; First
to Be Deposited There.
London, Oct. 10. King George to
day completed Great Britain's ratifica
tion of the German peace tre,ty. The
document ratified by him has boen des
patched to Pans,
GreaJ Britain's ratified copy of the
peace treaty, as Indicated by the fore
go ng, Is likely to be In Paris by Satur
day the first of the ratifications by any
of the great Towers to be deposited
I there. Advices from Rome have an
nounced the ratification of the treaty
by King Victor Emmanuel for Itnly,
but so tar as known the Italian ratifica
tion has not jet reached tho French
capital,- there being some question, In
deed, as to whether the King's act, still
lacking tho sanct'on of the Parliament,
will be considered a valid ratification.
Action by the French Senate on the
treaty Is still pending, ratification by
France thus being as yet Incomplete.
IIOIW, ISiruIUAL, llroBdw.y atnd St.
Kqutpised for banquets, dances, weddings
and mreilnrsCTMv,
" v-s
'Facing 15 Uillion Shortage in
' . Tlevenue, Perct Favors ,
Vigorous Resumption.
Refers to Failure to Accept
! Long Term Credits V. S.
Bankers Offered.
Uy the Associated rress.
P.amh, Oct. 10. Immediate resump
tion of trade to the utmost and the de
velopment of business relations with
Germany Is the loglcnl policy of
France, said Raoul Peret, former Min
ister of Commerce and now Vlco-Pres-ldent
of the Chamber of Deputies and
the chairman of the Appropriations
Committee of the lower house of Par
liament. "I will go further," .St. Peret added,
"and say that It would be good policy
for the'FrencJh Government to take up
tho buying In Germany of all raw ma
terials and manufactured articles
needed here, so that we can finish or
sell them to consumers."
M. Peret said he was not quite sure
as to the feasibility of the latter plan,
but declared he was positive the only
relief In eight for the exchange situa
tion was to buy lew from countries
where Fiance already is In debt and
take the maximum amount from thoeo
countries in which France Is an enor
mous creditor.
Nation In Ullllfiilt .SKnntlon.
"France Is In a very difficult situa
tion," SI. Peret continued. "1 am not a
pesslnilet, because I know tho resource
fulness of our people , but I am unable
to be an optimist when In preparing
our budget I find our obligations are
going to be in the neighborhood of 25,
000.000,000 francs annually, with 10,
000,000,000 francs in resources In sight
and only vague prospects for collecting
the 8,000,000,000 francs annually, which
represents what Germany owes us for
reparations and pensions.
"More vigorous administration of the
tax laws will give us 2,000,000,000
francs a year additional, leaving 5,000,
000,000 francs still to be raised by new
taxes, or 13,000,000,000 If we do not
count upon anything from Germany."
SI. l'eret referred to the criticism in
the United States that France had not
kept her receipts abreast of her ex
pendltuies, and said he thought condi
tions had not been fully taken Into ac
count. Lucklnir In FUeal 1'nt Hotlam.
"Perhaps we have not as much of
what .cne might call fiscal patriotism
In France as thero Is In the United
States," he declared, "but the dislike to
pay taxes la natural and unlversj, and
It la all tho more explainable In France,
whose people had the right to expect
that the. damages should be paid by
thost who caused them.
"But I have always thought, and I
j still hold the opinion, that there should
wo a i-uiiuiivii cuuii uy ine Allies in
liquidating war debts, which are becom
lug more difficult as we get further
aay from the date of the armistice,
when the union of tho Allies reached
Its highest point. Since then they have
been drifting apart. It Is more difficult
when divergent Interests are asserting
themselves to get back to .the spirit
shewn when the Allies were fighting side
I by sldeSv
"Perhaps Franco herself Is to blame
for not taking advantage of offers made
ner. a lew weexs ago mere was n
question of the United States opening
large, long term credits to enable us to
procure the raw materials which are
sorely needed, the American bankers
taking as security French bonds Issued
to victims of the war In payment for
damages, pending a settlement with
uermany, dui notning has materialized
In this respect and.yln consequence, re
construction work Is blocked."
Eesent Charge of Bias Be
cause Three Members
Own Bonds.
Rails at "Investigation of
v Traction Interests ba
its Friends."
Requost Justico Weeks to Ap
point Battlo to Carry
Out Work.
A grand Jury convened In an ex
traordinary term of tho criminal branch
of tho Supremo Court sent yesterday
a communication to Justlco Bartow S.
Weeks requesting In effect that Dis
trict Attorney Edward Swann be su
perseded by some special assistant In
the investigation the Grand Jury is
conducting of the charges brought by
Mayor Hylan of collusion between offl'
clals of the Interborough Rapid Tran
sit Company and tho brotherhood ot
employees of that company In the re
cent strike. A short time later the
same Grand Jury, by unanimous ac
tlon, declined to accede to the Dis
trict Attorney's request that It aban
don further investigation of tho mat
ter. x-
District Attorney Swann character
ized tho proceeding as "a most ex
traordinary action by an extraordinary
grand Jury," and announced that all
further initiative in the investigation
would Sevolve upon the Jurors and
that he would not, of his own voli
tion, summon any witnesses to assist
in tho Investigation.
"I will subpoena any persons the Grand
Jury wishes, to question," Sir. Swann
said, "but every initiative in this matter
must come from the Grand Jury."
The communlcatiorf ent by the Grand
Jury to Justice Weeks is one of the most
remarkable on record In a New Tork
court for the subject matter contained
and for the manner of Its presentation.
Reference Is made to Insinuations against
the integrity pf . Federal Judge made
, m public discussions of tho traction sit
uation, and the conclusion Is set forth
that the Jurors regard the agitation
against the present controlling traction
interests as Inlmfcal to the public wel
fare. Any such agitation carried on
tor "political or other social or selfish
reasons or ambitions becomes of crlml
nal significance," the Grand Jury says
In closing.
Decision by the Grand Jury yesterday
to defy District Attorney Swann and to
continue Its investigations independently
followed an implication by the District
Attorney that certain members of tho
Jury were disqualified to act because of
their alleged Interest by reason of being
holders of Interborough bonds.
Foreman of Jury SprnU..
Raymond F. Almiral, an architect of
12 East Forty-slxth street, who Is fore
man of the Jury, made this statement
when an adjournment had been taken
for the day;
"We take the position that It Is well
within our province to go Into every
Phase of the Investigation, Including the
economic phases. The Jury s whole posl.
tlon Is covered In the court record."
The particular Grand'Jury that acted
yes erday was the same that was
clal y selected-by the District Attorney
to Investigate charges of criminal an
archy growing out of the Investigation
of the Lusk legislative committee. It
Ztl,r"ZeneS ln Aumt' nnd subse.
quently Sir. Swann obtained permission
from the court to submit for Its con
slderatlou the charges made by .Mayor
Hylan that collusion existed between tho
Interborough officials and the brother
hood of employees, and also of criminal
conspiracy between the producers and
distributors of milk to keep tho market
price to the consumer at a high scale
Sir. Swann made this statement late
yesterday afternoon:
"I have asked thi Grand Jury for
permission to withdraw from Its con
sideration all questions of conspiracy be
tween the Interborough officials nnd tho
brotherhood of employees und also of
the charges of collusion between the dls
trlbutors and producers of milk' and to
leave for their consideration only quet.
tlons concerning the anarchy charges.
The Grand Jury declined to discontinue
,lts Inquiry and the District Attorney In
formed them that he would not of his
own volition summon any witnesses In tho
further Investigation and that the Initia
tive In the future must be with them.
The District Attorney and his staff, how
ever, will lend all the assistance possible
and will subpoena any witness or wit
nesses the Grand Jurors want to ques
tlon. Their wlshea In all matters will
be respected."
Sny Jurymen Hold Ilnntla,
Altogether It was n somewhat hectic
day In the neighborhood of the District
Attorney's office. .Mr. Swann made It
clear to reporters that he did not chat
lengo the good faith or Intent of any of
the Jurors, and particularly requested
that no names be mentioned In connec
tion with this further statement:
"Three men on the Grand Jury have
admitted to me that they hold bond, ni
the Interborough. They said: 'What ot
It?' I contend that they are not qusll
I fled persons to bn on tho Jury. 1 told
tne court mat tney were likely to be
'biassed to the favor' because of their
Interests, Thero are really four n
, J think should not sit on that Jury, be
cause a vote against tne traction .com
pany would be a vote against thcliper
sonal Interests." v
Mr. Swann referred to one member

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