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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, November 05, 1919, Image 14

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Direct Banking 0
With China and Japan, Markets
are afforded by bur own branches in
Shanghai and Yokohama. .
We are prepared to act for American
merchants and manufacturers, importers
and exporters in all financial matters
pertaining to imports and exports to the
Far East and co-operate with them to
the utmost in developing their markets
in that territory
Our ofRcers.wiU be glad i
to consult with you.
Charles A. Holder, President
T. Fred Aspden, Vice-President
E. 3. MacKcnzie, Secretary & Treasurer
56 Wall Street, New York
Paid Up Capital and Surplus $2,250,000
Mitsui &
Importers Exporters
' J&
65 Broad, N. T. City
Tea Dept., . 87 Front Street
Raw Silk & Habutai, ,2 Madison Ave.
Sari" Francisco Seattle Portland
London, England.
S Branches in Most
j . of the
'are agents 'for all Rail and
Steamship Lines through
out the- Far .East, where we have
our owncentrally situated offices.
Our escorted Tours through
Japan, China and .
the Philippines
select, instructive and out of the
beaten track are an outstanding
feature in Far Etus travel
The American. MAGAZINE on the Orient
Is the only general magazine treating exclusively of Oriental
matters. It is an absolute essential to tho progressive business man
who looks forward to better diplomatic and trade results with the
Orient, t , s
The October issuers now on sale at the newsstands and book
sellers who sell high class magazines.
Asia Publishing Company
627 Lexington Avenue, New York
Unions Grotr In New Sonth Wales.
- Stonit, Oct. 31. Sine 1882 570
unions have bees Incorporated In the
HUM of New South Wales, according to
nil year book Just Issued. The maximum
number of registration!, forty-two, oc
curred in the year 1902. Seventeen reg
tfilrattons were recorded in 1911 and
one cascellatlon. Since ma fifteen em.
plovers' unions hr.ve alto been formed
Co. Ltd.
Important Cities
World . 1
To Business Houses sending their
representatives into these countries
intimate cooperation with our or
ganization Is proving of great ad
vantage economical and efficient.
Full information and suitable
itineraries "at shortest notice.
245 Brotdwij 561 5th Annas
Opp. cttr niu oct, mu street
Tel 7100 BtreUy Tel. IT1 Murrsy ITU
SUin eda Itallroad Material.
The railways of Slim are facing- a
considerable shortage of rolling stock,
and the need of this equipment U likely
to become more acute. The customary
method of buying- railway material for
the Government la through public tender,
whllo for tho private systems the sup
plies are bought through their respective
Student 8aya People1 Realize
Tnt Much Is to Bo Learned
From United States. '
. i
Son of Mine Operator Tells of
Difficulties in Using Labor
" Saving Devices.
Americans In China should stand on
their .own feet and use their own meth
ods as far as possible instead of rolylng
on the British tr other people, says Lau
Zau Ding, son of Lau King Kee, ono of
the wealthiest mine operators 4a China,
also comprador for a big English trading-
firm In China, who has Just returned
from China to compete his course at
Lehigh University.
Mr. Laueald that the sending of
young Chinese1 to this country to leaarn
American methods of business and en
gineering work might be somewhat dis
counted in China by the fact that Amer
icans there do not seem to follow out
their practices. (The Chlneso people
realize that there Is much to be learned
from the American people, and their
failure to use their own 'methods In
China has caused considerable comment
In spite of this fact, however, Chlneso
are coming here In greater numbers than
ever before They are advocating the
Interchange of, young men of college or
university training for a period of sev
eral years. China, too, has always wel
corned the appearance of Americans who
come there to follow out the same poli
cies that control good business In Amer
ica. General Industrial conditions In
China aro 'quite different than thof-e that
prevail In the United State!. Skilled
mechanical labor may be 'had for 80
cents a day. Common labor Is cheaper.
In spite of the fact that In several mines
modern machinery has-been Installed, tho
greater part of tho work is still done by
hand labor. ,
Tho Chlneae have, not as yet been
able to grasp tho necessity for mechani
cal' labor saving devices. Labor Is so
cheap and so plentiful that there Is no
need for being careful of It There
are so few fhen educated to the point
where they can even grasp the operation
of the machinery and the necessary re
pairs that re slmplo to the average
American workman that In many places
the devices are unused Blmply because
there Is no one to operate them. In
one. of China's largest coal mines 6,000
miners get out 3.000 tons of cbal a
day. That Is sufficient for them de
spite the fact that In an American
operated mine a quarter of that num
ber would turn out twice as much work.
Mr. Lau's father In his capacity as
comprador attends to all the business
Interests of a large English company.
He arranges for everything connected
with Its business In China, has full
charge of the sale, of the product ex
change, credits, sales, and In fact repre
sents the company In every capacity.
He Is one of few men In China ta-day
who are able to tackle such a problem
and handle it successfully. It Is for
this reason that Americans should train
their own men to deal with their own
problems in China, and not put them
through the middleman. There' are at
present thousands of men In China who
do nothing but tell foreign business men
where to do business and now to do It ns
quickly as possible. This Is possible
because of the woful lack of Informa
tion In the hands of the people who are
trying to do business there. -
The Chinese do not approve of the
procedure because.. It raises the, price
of commodities and makes It possible
for all sorts of combinations that do
not result In the strengthening of trade
relations. Mr. Lau says that It Is
entirely possible for Americans there
to learn all that Is necessary In this
regard, and that the Chinese people
aa a whole, led by students returned
from this country, would be glad to
make the Institutions that ara needed
cct'form more nearly to American
methods. 4
Some of the banks In the larger cities
already have opened departments where
necssary Information may be gained
by the newcomer. In this connection
Mr. Lau said that the plan of having
a resident pepresentatlve for largo In
terests In China was almost essential
because of the fact that buslensa In
China depends so largely on tho per
sonal elemeirC Americans aro received
well and aro well liked In China, Very
few of them have conducted themselves
In such a. manner as to arouse any
widespread dislike. The fsellng toward
Americans Is more cordial than toward
any other nation, and to Mr. Lau it
seems out of place that a nation favored
as we are should depend on advice,
for which we pay well, to conouct
business .with a friendly people.
Mr Lau" Is a graduate of Nanyang
College and has another year at Le
high, when he will return o China to
work with his father cn the comple
tion of his course here.
Municipalities Tare I'p Problem
as Public Duty.
"Social questions have come to attract
Increased attention of late," says the
ToJtyo Yomiurl. "'Relief of the poor'
formerly meant charity by the upper
classes, hut no voluntary charity Is
now sufficient .to relieve the poor. All
social questions have thus greatly
changed during the last few .years. The
relations .between the house owner and
the lessees have hitherto been of a pri
vate character, but the latest tendency
Is that they are taken as a social ques
tion of publlo importance. In view of
this great change In social affairs It Is
very satisfactory to learn that the Tokyo
authorities are arranging to establish a
social bureau In the city omceVto deal
with domestic questions. '
"There aro many things to bo Jone by
the social bureau. It should establlsa
cheap eating houses; provide free raedl-
KfCal treatment and establish an office to
give aid and counsel to the people
on all their affairs. It Is also Important
that the authorities should provide
healthy means of amusement To tho
upper classes amusement is nothing
more than amusement In Its literal sense,
but It Is a necessity of life to the lower
classes. The question of food and
nourishment also calls for urgent at
tention on the part of the proposed bu
reau." Wkere Pound la Not a Ponnd.
Melbochks, Oct 28. It now takes
more than a pousd and a half sterling
to purchase what a pound normally
11.88 could purchase In the principal
cities of Australia in 1911, according to
the Commonwealth statistical quarterly.
These figures apply to food only.
The greatest Increase In prices, or the
greatest decrease In the value of moaey
ocurced In the city of Brisbane, where
In -1911 It takes (9.30 to purchase what
4.I6 purchased In 1911, The other
cities' In order are Sydney. 18.26: Ho.
bart 18.21 : Adelaide. 18.01 ; Melbourne.
l,or, ana rerui, 11. t3.
Old Regime of Suspicion Passes and Racial Antipathy
Goes With It Seek Friendly Trade, but
Object, to
This is the second of a scries of arti
cles on Chinese, flnadal and economic
topics written especially for the Par
Eastern Section of Tun Sun Bjt Q.
Patserl, late financial adviser to the
Bank of China and a resident In the.
Cast for ttccntvthree year.
ii r o.rAssnm.
There Is a marked contrast between
the attitude of the Chinese of to-day,
eager, for the honest and friendly coop
eration of the foreigners In tho develop
ment of the resources of China nnd that
of their forefathers. In their dealings
with the early traders. Wo find now
tho minds of the Chuieee business men
almost free frbm any racial antipathy,
Intelligently open to the advantages that
would accrue to them and to their coun
try through closer and more friendly
relations with the foreigners If only
thoso relations wero rendered posslblo
by the attitude of the foreigners them
selves If only the Chinese could be sat-1
iBticd that admitting them in tho inner
clrclo of their economic life would not
mean "spheres of Influence" or the grab
bing of territory, disguised under, the
less prosaic name of "concessions" or
"special privileges."
we generally find the foreigners ob
durate In continuing using systems that
are obsoleto and Inefficient, wo find them
deaf to tho call of millions of people
that need and want Improvements nnd
developments, we rind thorn blind to the
change that has taken placo In the coun
try, we find them unaware of the fact
that tho Chinese of to-day-r-tho modern
Chinese Is not tho objectlanal, preju
diced and Impossible individual of the
old regime. But Is It possible that the
explanation of this stale of affairs could
be found In the Impositions and exac
tions that the old Chinese. officials heaped
on the early foreign traders and In the
III treatment meted out by them to the
so-called "foreign devils"?
In It posslblo that the lack of under
standing and the absence of friendly re
lations between foreigners and Chlneso
existing In China to-day should bo tho
natural consequence of a heritage that
has come down to ira from the older
times? It Is perhaps for that reason
that every newcomer finds In foreign
circles there an atmosphere that cannot
be defined or explained, an atmosphere
that will gradually kill every enthusiasm
and that in a few months will develop
a peculiarly critical and distrusting feel
ing toward all Chinese. How much
better It would be if the foreigners real
ized that times have changed and that
the Chinese of to-day cannot be held. re
sponsible for the actions of the "old
mandarins," and that the application of
the new formula "honest and friendly
cooperation with tho Chinese themselves"
Is the only means to business success.
Amerlcnni Hie Pioneers.
If we except the Irregular and adven
turous Incursions Into China of tho early
Arab. Portuguese and Dutch navigators,
tho first real attempt on tho part of the
foreigners to establish commercial rela
tions with that country dates as far back
as 1654, when tho co-called East India
Company, a "monopolistic" undertak
ing, was established at Canton. The.
success of this company In the new field,
has been the subject of much .dljcussli
rnd speculation. The fact remains," hww
ever, that the company was dissolved la
1834 at the instance of the few 'Und4
pendent" British traders. .
It is interesting to note that Dr. Wil
liam", the first American missionary to
go to China, relates that at the time of
hl arrival at Canton a few -years before
tho winding up of the East India Com
pany five Independent foreign firms were
established there struggling to overcome
the greed and prejudlco of tho old Chi
nese officials. Of theno firms two were
Americans, Russell & Company and Oly- !
phant & Company, three wero British,
Jardlne, Matheeon & Company, Dent &
Company nnd Turner & Company.
AmerlcMiB may therefore congratulate
themselves upon having been tho pioneer
merchants who laid the foundation of
the flourishing trade that Is bound to de
velop In the near future.
I wish also to note that Americans
Two views of -the famous convent of Guadaloune. inst- nut.
side .the city of Manila. During the insurrection this wonder
ful building was totally destroyed when the forces of Ami).
naldo stormed the hill in a furious attack upon the Americans.
went out to China as "Independent, trad
ers," asking only for equal opportunity,
and It wns perhaps because of the suc
cess of their policy that the few English
Independent traders of Canton Insisted
on tho dissolution of the monopolistic
Ilast India Company that absorbed prac
tically' all of the most important lines
of trade. Americans went out to China
when America was an Importing coun
try, in the Infancy of Industrial devel
opment They could not therefore, bar
ter their own products as the Britishers
did, but were handicapped by tho fact
that they had to pay In sliver for about
three-fifths of their purchases, bartering
goods "that were bought from traders of
other countries for the balance.
Statistics aro now available for the
years 1818 to 1833, when we find that
tho average American Imports Into
China were $3,930,586 In, silver, 92,121,
725 in goods, of which 9307,876 represent
ed the average Import of opium. Ameri
can exports from China averaged $6,
153,492. Tho British figures during the
same period wero $19,025,601 Imports
Into China, out of which $6,518,934 were
represented by opium. Exports from
China averaged $16,578,367.
It must be remembered that at that
time tho foreign trado of China passed
through Canton in Its entirety, Canton
being the only "'open port." It was only
after the ' signature of the treaty of
Nanking In 1812, subsequent to tho
British campaign In central China, that
Hongkong was ceded to Great Britain,
and Amoy, Fqochow1, Nlnjrpo and Shang
hai wero opened to foreign trade. The
northern ports havo been opened during
the past few "decades.
Hnormon Growth of Trade,
It would not- be within the scope of
this article to give details' of the inter
vening period up to 1909, when statistics
lose their historical Interest but ac
quire Instead actual significance for us.
The nverage -volumo of the trade-sf
China has crow n I from tho $50,000,000
of about eighty years ngo to nearly
$1,000,000,000 for the period 1909-1918,
This enormous growth may appear-to
some nothing short of marvellous, and It
is so If only the absolute expression of
value Is considered. But comparatively
speaking, and not losing sight of the
enormous resources of tho country, the
vastness of territory, its immense wealth
and population, wo cannot fall to recog-
r.lzo that tho trado of China Is still In
an undeveloped state.
It is sufficient to remember that the
total foreign trade of the United States
amounted last year to $9,180,697,368,
nine times more than the average total
foreign trade of China for tho last ten
years. The population of tho United
States is only one-quarter of that of
China, while China nffords the same
possibilities of quick development
I wish to go a step farther, and I
want the American business man to
realize that the total trade of ths
United States with China ns appearing
In the ,tables prepared by the Far East
ern division. Bureau of Foreign and
Domestic Commerce, wa. roughly $200,
000,000 in 1918, or only 2V4 Per mllle
of the total. To be accurate. China was
represented with the sum of one dollar
Jn every four hundred, and forty-five
dollars of American foreign trade.
irncre Is plenty of room for Improve
ment and It must be admitted that the
possibilities of the phlna field have been
sadly neglected by tho Americans.
The volume of the' foreign trado of
China In 1918 was roughly $1,250,000,
000. The balance of trade was and
has practically always been pltehtly
ngalnst ChlAa. In 191S it amounted to
about $80,000,000, represented to a great
extent by Imports of arms and ammu
nitions, morphia, cocaine and similar
drugs that are entering China through
some of the "leased territories" and
that are meant to replace the banished
opium. '
The volume of.lrade of 138 consti
tutes a record, and it is of interest to
note that It has Increased steadily every
year notwithstanding adverse conditions
created by the European war, internal
dissensions and the high rate of. ex
change. The trade of China, in fact Is
not an exotlo plant that will decline
with the first cold spell but Is a sturdy
little tree'that will stand up In all kinds
of weather and that Is only biding Its
time to develop fully.
Trade Tola In Figure.
American trade with China for the
year 1918 Is recorded In the tables pre
pared by the Chinese maritime customs
at roughly $175,000,000, and while It
would be Impossible to establish the
exact proportion that passed, through
American firms. It Is highly significant
to nbto that while 22,500 bales of Bilk
were exported In 1917 from Canton to
the United States, only J,70f, or16
per cent. of. the total, passed through
American firms. In 1918 the Import of
manufactured cotton goods amounted
roughly to $100,000,000, out ot which
only $760,000 came from the United
States. The balance of $99,250,000 was
supplied by Japan and Great Britain.
During the last ten years the average
total American trade with China was
10.4 per cent for the period ieforetho
war, and Increased to 16 per cent for
the period during the war. British trade,
that was 7 per cent, declined to 32.4
per cent, while the Japanese Increased
i from 18 per cent to 29.6 p'er cent.
ai mo ena or mis mere were a
American firms established In China,
employing 5,766 persons, as against 113
employing 3,168 In 1909. In 191S we
find 4,483 Japanese firms with a staff
of 160,000, three times as many aa In
1909. If we consider that the average
trado between tile United States and
China during tho !at ton years was
nearly 100,000,000 taels, against 210,
000,000 taels of Japan, and If we tako the
average number of Americans and Japa
nes engaged In that trade during the
same period, we will find that the aver
ago American In China has an "average
commercial value" of 20,000 taels, as
against a llttlo over 2,po0 taels for the
I am not In the habit of introducing
statistics in my articles; like the average
man' I have a marked dislike fail them.
If I have made an exception this time
it has been because I wished to tell you
a few truths In the most persuading
language the language of figures.
Still Far Below Prc-War
India's Imports for the twelve months
ended March, 1919, as compared with
tho corresponding period -of 1913-14
(pre-war twelve months) and of 1917-18,
wero higher by 160,377,043, or 12 per
cent, than In 1917-18, but less by
$46,134,420, or 8 per cent, than In
The total value of tho import trade
In merchandise for the year ended
March, 1919, was $548,889,668; for the
same period In 1918, $488,012,620, and
for the pre-war yearly period of 1914,
In the twelve months ended March,
1919, as compared with tho correspond
ing period of the preceding year, the
quantity of India's Imported cotton ple.'o
goods decreased by 433,000,000 yards,
or 28 per cent, to 1,122,000,000 yards,
and the value, $157,493,666, was nearly
the same' as In the preceding year. The
valuo of cotton twist and yarn Imported
increased by $14,430,171, to $28;706.232,
receipts from Japan being over 27,000,
000 pounds, valued at $17,292,297.
Articles Imported by post Increased
by $6,032,476, wheat by $3,130,457 tea
by $911,009, cigarettes by $1,291,245,
mineral oil '(other than kerosene) by
$2,512,736, silk by $422,412, sUk piece
goods by $2,259,029, raw cotton by
$2,571,134, aniline and alizarine dyes by
$620,316, paper by $1,131,299, betel nuts
by $1,590,372, steely bars and channel
by $4,909,660 and cotton mill machinery
by $1,5S2.585.
Imports of motor cars and motor
cycles decreased by $1,079,390, kerosene
oil by $2,601,956, cement by $1,187,
102", matches by $2,273,953, Jute mill
machinery by $545,048 and wood
(timber) by $1,564,742.
Members of Parliament Give
Dinner for Him.
By (As Associates Pret.
Pekin, Oct 28. Former Senator
Th'eodore E. Burton of Ohio, who
Is vlBltlng China, has been accorded
a hearty reception by the Chinese Gov
ernment The presiding officers and
representative members of both houses
of the Chinese Parliament tendered him
a reception October 26, at which Mr.
Burton spoke. He stated that recently
the interest of the United States In China
had (been vastly Increased and that
Americans were looking to the Orient
with the conviction that their relations
with this part of tho earth were,- sure
In the future t.o assume far greater
Importance than In the past
The hopes which Americans cherished
for China, ha continued, are for a united
country and for ordervand efficiency In
a government established throughout the
land. Improved means of transportation
by waterways, highways and railroads
are also urgently needed.
"Looking to the more remote future,"
said Senator Burton, "It seems to us that
a more helpful distribution ot the popu
lation ot China would be accomplished
by emigration from congested districts
In the republic to those less densely pop
ulated. America 'has always contended
for the open door In the Orient With
equal earnestness we Insist that repeated
promises by other nations for the main
tenance of tho political Integrity of
China shall bo observed."
The Minister of Foreign Affairs enter
tained Mr. Burton recently. The Presi
dent received him.
Majestic Tile Stands Jnsfc Out
side of Manila Wholly
Among the ruins of the Orient those
of the great convent of Guadalupe havo
a claim for more attention and better
care than they now receive. What ta
left of Guadalupe stands Imposingly
upon tho crest ot a hill overlooking the
country Just a few miles outside Manila
Ouadauipe was the finest convent In
the Orient and wastnown ai the ehrlne
of the Virgin ot Guadalupe. The origi
nal Image of the Virgin was brought to
the Islands from Spain. During the In
surrection the forces of Agulnaldo and
the Americans engaged In battle from
the opposlto sides of the hill, and on i
February 19, 1899, American shells fired
the convent and except for a few stone
walls It was entirely destroyed. I
The conveht was founded in 1601 by
Antonio Hen-era, who was also one of the
builders ot the great Augustlnlan Church
of Manila. To-day the walls stand stark
and bare at the top ot the hill,, and
about the only visitors who disturb- Its
solitude are wandering carabao, which
teed in the neighborhood and even In
vade the sacrad precincts to feed upon
the graea and tropical growths whicb
have claimed the ruin.
Baron Oklira Urges Coopera
tion Between United States
and Japan.
Dwelling upon the commercial future
of Japan, Baron Klhachlro Okura, presi
dent at Messrs. Okura & Co.. of Toklo,
j one of the greatest financial and Indus
trial firms In Japan, contributes an art
icle to, tho Tolfctcon strongly recommend
ing that business men of America and
Japan cooperato In ths Far East be
cause such unity will provide a safety
valve to preserve peace In the Orient
With the enormous financial .Influences
behind him. Baron Okura says: "One of
the most significant changes to occur in
the world In consequence of the war will
bo the transfer of the world's financial
and economic centre from Great Britain
to tho United States. With the financial
supremacy she had held for centuries.
Until during, tho war. Great Britain had
been annually receiving from her for
eign debter nations approximately $1,
000,000,000 as Interest. Now this amount
has been reduced to about $850,000,000,.
wnne, owing to serious internal com
plications, such as the labor Issue, tho
Irish- Independence problem and other
questlons'of equally gfave'nature, occur-1
ring one after' another, It will be almost
Impossible for England to recover tho
financial supremacy shifted to the' United
States, " '
'Thanks to tho war, American finances
swelled enormously, to such an extent
that helped by her lnexhaustlve natural
resources yet awaiting exploitation,
America will not easily give up her onco
grasped' International financial advan
tages. "Regarding America's financial and'
economic progress, there are two things
requiring the' profound attention of
Japan. One Is a matter of congratula
tion, while ths other Is an affair for
dter concern. America Is Japan's fore
most customer and her growing prosper
ity and development will naturally en
hance her purchasing power. This Is a
matter for congratulation. But, since
America has thus become In a position
to sway the world's finances, It' Is feared
that her people will bo Indifferent to
lees wealthy natlona This Is greatly to
be apprehended by us.
"Nothing Is more to e deplored than
misunderstandings between the Ameri
can and Japanese peoples, and that they
do exist Is undeniable. It Is largely due
to tho fact that citizens of the two na
tions have rarely made .Joint Invest
ments. When tho two nations come to
know each other through dally com
mercial Intercourse! such" mutual misun
derstanding will be quickly dispelled."
BuMtness With United States
'Shows Cain.'
According to the recently issued cus
toms returns tho aggregate declared value
pf Slam's foreign trado entered at tho
port of Bangkok for the fiscal year
ended March 31, 1919. amounted to 265 -123.347
tlcals ($98,095,638), as compared
with 220,872,696 ticals ($81,722,898) In
the previous fiscal twelve months, being
a gain In the total trade for tho period
under review of 44.250,651 tlcals ($16 -372,740).
The following table shows
the approximate comparative value, in
United States currency at the rate of 37
cents to 1 tlcal, of tho Imports and ex
ports by principal classes for tho years
given :
CImsm Import. 1J1MS
CJenwal merchandise.. 7l Jil 879 i
Alcoholic liquors'. '60't3
Tow , ,
Other roods
.... si.CT.r:
lllS-lS 131S-1T IS17-1I I91S.H
SS5.T31 IV.rH 7M,7Z GS5M0
U1J.9M 1.KS.W3 2.0134:4 J.lOliS
771,43 1,W:,J2S 1,565,SJ0 1 MlftS
(S.e02 SB.JM J9.171 4 STJ
I7.91M11 IAM3.4J7 ,MJ,7 M.IM.OM
-iS-H .MS.1 ,175,M5
1.M7.3M .JT.m 2.017.356 3. an Mi
l.KJ.tM 5.1r7.740 5.1W.SM S.1M.Stt
I9.M0.ia 44.941,1137 ;.S0l,ll S,3l,C29
The Siamese customs returns also
show that 6.689,469 tlcals ($2,475,104)
worth of goods .were Imported, from the
United States Into Slam in 1918-19, as
compared with 4,798,77 ticals ($1,775,
529) worth in 1917-lg, while the de
clared value of tho exports lnvo.ced at
the consulate at Bangkok for shipment
from SJam to the United States for 1918
19 was $199,257, against $200,146 for
CbeTTlng Gum From Ilnbher.
A chewing gum material from Pon
tlanak (Dutch Ea6t Indies) rubber, pat
ented by W. O. 6nelllng, Is stated to re
sult from a few minutes' action of ozone
on the rubber. The unpleasant taste Is.
removed by washing with diluted caustic
soda, A similar change Is obtained by
the use of hydrogen peroxide. The prod
uct resembles chicle very closely.
:Books on China That
ByBishop James W. Bashford
4th Edition Revised and Enlarged "
WILLIAM H. TAFT, Ex-President of the United States, said
of tho author:
"I value Bishop Bashford aa a pioneer, statesman,
and diplomatist in the work of opening the field of
ancient Chinese civilization to the fructifying influence
of Christian progress."
"The book is of value to all students of the Far East
no matter what their specialty is."
Cr.Zvo. Illtlstrationsmaps, appendices and index. 651 par;- .
Net, $2.50, postpaid.
By George A. Miller
Author of "Prowling About Panama"
'It is a very readable book because it seizes upon
pleturesquo typical scenes and events and narrates
them from the viewpoint of a wideawake observer."
THE BULLETIN of SAN FRANCISCO recommends it as:
A scries of intricate and revealing sketches an
altogether informative and entertaining book."
Cr. 8vo. Illustrate. 180 pages. Net, $1.00, postpaid.
At the Better Bookshops
New York
Further Increase in Value 0
Exports and Imports Shown
by Figures.
Complete returns of 'the Philippine
foreign trade for ths year ended Juns
0, 1919, Just compiled and made avail
able by tho Bureau of Insular Affairs
ot the War Department, shoV stilt
further Increases In the valus of beth
Imports and exports over the already
exceptional totals of the previous year.
High prices, however, hevo ma4
values a Jess trustworthy guide than In,
normal times, and a detailed review of
tho figures shows In the closing months
less favorable, trade conditions then
characterised the latter part of the wtr
period, with the trade of the year aa a
whole notably in the case of exportr
made up of a blending, of culminating
war activities and of reaction following
tho armistice.
The import .total reached the larte
sum ot . $107,774,263, or about .30 pel
cent moro than that of the previous
year and about doublo the pte-war av
erage, but advancing prices rather than
Increased volume of business wasx ths
leading factor In th'o larger figures.
An Important exception, however, Is
to bo noted In the machinery trade,
which more than doubled In value and
was conspicuously mado up of oil ex
tracting and sugar machinery, large im
porta of which for the development of
leading export Industries of the Islands
lepresent both a prosent and, a future
Importance to Philippine trade. The Im
portant trado in cotton textiles, on the
other hand, fell far below tho phenome
nal quantity of 1918, and at equally ex
ceptlonal prices declined to very small
proportions: In the latter half of th
Imports of rice were somewhat
smaller- In quanUty, but at an Increase
of over $2,000,000 In value, and thee
figures cover a condition of much grav
Ity still pending In the Islands. A dlv
cstrous shortage in production in th
great rice exporting countries and gen
erally throughout the J5ast jras early
realized, and the Philippine Government
relieved the price situation by temporary'
suspension of Import duties pending th
harvesting of the reduced crop of last
Prices, however, continued to advance
with the depletion of Jhe Inadequate
stocks doled out under embargoes and
trade limitations Imposed by exporting
countries, until at tho end of the year
under review rice was selling In Manila
at nearly double the already high flgura
prevailing at the beginning, and, with
relief from the now crop harvest still
some months distant the Islands and tin
Orient generally are confronted with .
food problem tho most aetite In recent
International Cooperation Is
Sounded as Keynote.
"We believe that the ruling senUmeni
of tho world Is International coopera
tion, and that all the countries should
be Jointly responsible for the political
situation of the world," says the Toklo
Aiaht. "Tho Japanese should get rlrt
of old,- narrow minded Ideas and bring
their national spirit Into alignment with
the Ideas of the world.
" 'It Is urgently necessary,' said Baron
Maklno, 'that the Japanese acquire
greater knowledge of foreign languages
and foreign affairs This Is necessary
not only to diplomats but to the people
generally. This necessity must have been
brought home to Baron Maklno at tho
Paris Conference. In our opinion, how
ever, national spirit la as Important as
knowledge of foreign languages. It is
as Important that Japanese affairs
should be made known to foreigners fl
it Is Important that the Japanese should
be familiar with foreign affairs. For
eign misunderstandings of Japan, which
not Infrequently affect her relations
with other countries, are not necessarll
due to her Ignorance of. foreign affairs .
one of the causes of such misunderstand
tngs Is the Ignorance of Japanese lar
guage and Japanese affairs on the pa
of Europeans and Americans.
"In the past the Japanese have ben
Inclined to be Insular minded and no
to Interest-themselves In the affairs o'
the world; and Japan's diplomacy has
been prone to adhere' to' the old fashion
principle of secrecy. This attitude
harmful to the Interests of the State
We should take a broader view c
things: our attitude should be open a:
above board; we should admit the idea
of the world. But at the same thru
we should cultivate our self-assertl
"Our diplomats are denounced as
merely Interpreters. If the only cult
vation of knowledge regarding foreig.
affairs and languages Is encouragefl
without paying due attention to the
necessity of fostering an lndepende
spirit our diplomacy will become mor
"Interpretative" and weakkneed.
urge that the Japanese should endear
to acquire better knowledge of foretg
languages and affairs."
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