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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, November 05, 1919, Image 7

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rac through a calling off of the strike
ana adjudication ot the differences be
tween miners end operators will not be
abandoned. The rood offices of labor
ortanltatlonH other nan that of the
miners will be welcomed, and there la a
propoct that such otlices may bo suc
cessful In bringing; a compromise' that
will avoid defeat of the organized mine
workers, but In the meantime the Gov
ernment will not recede ono whltJ In Its
action and to protect the country from
the horrors of a coal famine, ,
When unfounded reports were pub
lished hers that Attorney-General Palmer
could withdraw the application to make
permanent tho Injunction granted at
Indianapolis wtien the writ Is returnable
next Saturday the Department of Justice
made public the following letter rom
Edward Keenan, secretary of the Dela
ware River Shipbuilders Council, and
the reply of the Attorney-General.
Ktrnan'i Letter to Palmer.
The letter to Mr. Palmer reads :
The Delaware Mver Shipbuilders
Council, representing about eighty
thousand employees In the shipyards
of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Mary
land, Delaware" and Virginia, hereto
fore loyal supporters of the Adminis
tration, at a convention held at
Chester Saturday evening, 'passed
resolutions ' vigorously protesting
against the application for Injunction
against the coal miners by your de
partment. Government by Injunction
has been denounced In the platform
of the political party which you rep
resent and In view of the magnificent
efforts of the coal miners during tha
war, as well as all organized labor.
Government should at least thorough
ly Investigate situation before taking
inch action.
Anawer by Attorney-General,
l'he- Attorney-General answered
"I have your telegram of the 3rd
instant advising that the shipbuilders'
council his passed a resolution pro
testing agalilst the application bythe
Government for a writ of Injunction In
connection with the strike In tho bitu
minous coal fields.
"It Is true that I have always op
posed government by Injunction ana I
may say to you that I still oppose It
Permit me, however, to point outJto
you the distinction which we commonly
understand by that phrase and the facts
In this case. This case Is brought by
the Government, not by an employer, to
jrotect the whole body of the American
people from a calamity almost equal to
war Itself not to settle a controversy
"between labor and capital.
"The food and fuel control act ex
pressly provides:
"That It is hereby made unlawful for
any person ... to conspire,
combine, agree, or arrange with any
other person (a) to limit the facilities
for . . . producing anynecessar'
!; (b) to restrict the supply of any
necessaries: (o) to restrict distribution
of any necessaries.'
"By the specific language 'of . the act
'necessaries includes fuel as wen as
food. The act further provides
"That the provisions of-thte act shall
out to be in effect when tha existing
state of war between1 the United States
and Germany shall have terminated, and
the fact and date of euch termination
shall be ascertained and proclaimed by
the President.' ' ,
"Not later than October 22 the Con
gress recognized that this act was still
in force, amending its provisions and Im
posing heavy penalties ror lis violation.
Tou will observe that by the express
language of this act agreements or ar
rangements between 'two or more persons
to restrict the output of coal are spe
clflcally forbidden and made criminal
offenses. The coal strike la of course, an
agreement or an arrangement by a large
number of persona to restrict the output
ot coal arid therefore Is forbidden by
Doty (or Miners to Obey.
"It Is my duty as Attorney-General to
enforce this act of Congress and If Is
the duty of the miners to obey It. It
represents the will. of tho people of the
United States, whose commands are
That Civilization
May Raise Her
Head Once More
Job for 1920
November 2-11
Your Heart and Your Dollar''
P. 3..
binding win the coat miners and upon
me. There were only two ways open to
me to enforce the law one, by criminal
and the other by civil process.
"I might have Instituted criminal pros
ecutions against hundreds of American
citizens, but I preferred to belleva that
In ordering this atrlko they were, not
conscious, of the fact that they were vio
lating tho criminal laws of our country,
and that It would be better to have tre
question adjuclated by the courts In P
civil proceeding. I assume that the
miners are law abiding citizens and that
ther do not Intend or desire to disobey
the laws of the United States.
"If tho strike is unlawful tha court
will so adjudge. If It is lawful the court
will so decide. The Government has
submitted itself to tho Jurisdiction of the
court In order that this issue may be
decided. It has placed itself upon terms
ot, equality with its citizens Ir. order
that there .may ba an official decision Of
ihe legat proposition Involved.
"you will of coutao agree with me
lhat the laws of the land I must be
obeyed and that there is no organiza
tion, great or small. In tho United States
which is superior to the law of the land
"The Issue will be submitted to the
court at Indianapolis next Saturday,
calmly and dispassionately, and if the
court adjudges that the strike la Illegal
I,apprehend that (he miners as law abid
ing citizens will discontinue It.
"Upon reflection I hop you will fee
that this Is better than criminal prose
cutions and a' vast number ot civil ac
tions' for damages which might be
brought by the Injured persons against
tho United Mine Wprkers and Its mem
bership. Tl course which the Govern
ment has taken is designed to protect
the whole American people against an
untold catastrophe, and also l proieci
the mine workers theroselvc against
proceedings which would bo injurious to
Maximum Prices on Hard Coal.
One of the important developments
of the day was the preparation by Dr.
Garfield, Fuel Administrator, 01 "
order restoring maximum "prices on an
thracite. This was presented to tne
President amd authorization for Issuance
of the ordecprobably will be signed to
morrow, r
In addition to the maximum price or
der Dr. Garfield prepared an explana
tion of the working of fuel distribution
priorities. This was made public by the
Ilallroad Administration, which is nan-
dllng all matters relating to distribu
tion of available coal supplies, it gives
the major groupings that will be fol
lowed on the priority list as follows:
(Class A) Railroads This Includes
inland and coastwise vessels..
(Class B) Army and navy, together
with other departments of the Federal
r . V.rn.1.. Mti.mlnAiia
VJVVCUlUiCIlfc AMID uiiutui...
coal consumed by manufacturers or
producers of supplies for departments
of the Federal Government when such
department officially approves thh re
quest. 1
(Claps C) State and coumty depart
ments and Institutions This includes
municipal institutions.
(Class D) iPubllc utilities This in.
eludes the manufacture of newsprint
paper for daily issue aad the printing
and publishing of same.
List ot Coal Distributors
Coal distribution is being handled
through a central committee in the
Itallroadi Administration, of which the
chairman is Henry B. Spencer, chief ot
the division of purchases. The otner
members are M. Drlce Clagett. as the
Director-General of Railroads; S.
Porcher, as the director of the division
ot Durchases: E. J. Roth, manager of
the etoraare' section: B. H. Phillips of
Mia fuel distribution division: F. C.1
Wright of the same division; F. M.
Whltaker, manager of inland traffic; A.
G. Guthelm. Inland transportation dl
vision: S. E. Freund, assistant general
counsel, and H. Y. Saint, representing
the Shipping Board.
J. D. A. Morrow, vice-president of ske
National Coal Association, denied to-
night that his Interview with Dr. Gar
field to-day had anything to do with
offers of settlement of the strike from
his association or from the United Mine
Workers or any suggestions ot com
promise from the Government.
Senate Favors an Inquiry.
A commission to investigate the pres
ent coal strike is proposed In a Joint
resolution Introduced by Senator Ken
yon (la.) to-day. The President would
name the three commissioners, who
If you have any"doubt ask
any boy who went to war
would undertake to arbitrate ijjd settle
the strike. It, within fifteen' pays no
settlement has been, made through me
diation the commission should investi
gate and make a report, setting forth
the terms on which, in Its Judgment,
settlement should be reached,. Indicating
the concessions each side should make.
This report should be published and
must be made within fifteen days arter
the beginning of the Inquiry.
No provision Is made for forcing tha
conflicting sides to accept the terms laid
down in the report. The purpose is to
make an appeal to public sentiment in
the hope that It would be strong enough
to compel the settlement by this non
partisan commission. -
The coal operators, while staunchly
Intrenched in their position and con
fident of tho ultimate collapse ot the
coal strike, are not disposed to look for
an early settlement. They reckon that
In the present contest they are dealing
with the strongest union in all organ
ized labor. They feel that to permit an
undue optimism to pervade the public
mind nt thts Juncture Is unfair' and un
wise, although satisfied that In the end
the strikers will come to terms and that
a more permanent readjustment of the-J
relations between operators ana miners
will be the outgrowth of the clash.
So far as the actual production ot
coal under the present conditions Is con
cerned, the National Coal Association
authorities are not prepared to make
anything like a qlose estimate. Certain
of tlio active operators insist that 4,000,
C00 luns ot soft coal a. week can be
produced by the working mines In the
varlouH bituminous fleldsAvlth the pres
ent force and the slow accretion of dis
satisfied unionist miners who already
are going to work In the un-unlon fields.
Cfllcrrs of the association aro disposed
to be more temperate ln( the claims, but
tho general view is that the going mines
can produce more than 3,000,000 tons
every six working days.
The weekly production in bituminous
fields with normal labor conditions main
tained la about 11,000,000 tons, so that
the present rate of production la approx
imately between one-quarter and one
third ot the normal output.
The National Coal Association found It
necessary to denounce statements made
In a circular letter made public October
31 by President W. A. Marshall of the
Wholesale Coal Trade Association of New
Tork, In which it had been stated that
the Association was opposed to the re
sumption of control ot prices and dis
tribution by Government authority.
X. Y. Coal Dealers TXaX Upheld.
The denunciation tooK tne form of a
letter from Vlce-Preslnet Morrow of the
association to Attorney-General Palmer,
and which read:
"My attention has been called to a cir
cular letter of October 31, 1919. signed
by W. A. Marshall, president ot the
Wholesale Coal Trade Association of
New York, objecting to the control of
bituminous coal prices and distribution
by Governmental authority, copy of
which was sent to you.
"On behalf of the National Coal As
sociation, I wish to ndvise you that Mr,
Marshall Is not authorized to speak for
this association. So far as I know, he Is
not authorized to speak for the bltumln
oua coal producers of the country. -To
the best ot my knowledge the bltumln
ous coal operators are not in sympathy
with the sentiments expressed in Mr,
Marshall's letter, but are entirely willing
and ready to conform fully to any pro
gramme of the Government which is
deemed necessary to protect the public in
the present situation.'
The disposition of the non-union men
In the free fields of the Pocahontas and
adjacent regions Is adverse to the strik
ers. They assert that tha demands of
For Sale
Again Selling at
Pre-War Prices
the unionists are ridiculous in many in
stances. As illustrative of the recent
assertions of tha miners that their pay
tales were subnormal in view ot the
present general advance in labor costs
throughout the country. J. T. Wilson,
Secretary of the Tug River. Coal Asso
ciation, and Oeorge Wolfe, managing di
rector of the Winding Gulf Coal Op
erators Association, gave Tux Bun to
day a schedule ot the rates ot wage pos
sible to be earned monthly in the Poca
hontas and nearby region's. These fig
ures are baaed upon normal employment
for 25 days a month:
Machine miners, f 235 ; hand-pick min
ers, 260; drivers, $140; laborers In
mines, 125; cagers, $150; trackmen,
$170; blacksmiths, $176; engineers,
$110; firemen, $150; laborers above
ground, $120.
These, figures represent an advance
above the wages paid in 1914 of approx
imately C5 per cent to 75 per cent.
Says Injunction It Big Ob'
atari to Settlement.
SromonzxD, 111., Nov. 4. The asser
tion of Bamutl Oompers, president of
the American Federation of Labor,-that
vacation of the strike Injunction would
pave the way for a settlement of the
strike was referred to to-night by
Frank Farrington, chairman of the
miners scale committee "as simply a
reiteration of the miners' position as
It has been declared on numerous oc-
"The miners have always been willing
to meet the operators In Joint conference
without any reservations to negotiate
an agreement that would accommodate
the situation," Farrington said. "In fact,
we declared that as being our purpose
at the time Secretary of Labor Wilson
had us In conference with the operators
In Washington. The operators declined
to Join with us In working out an agree
ment on that basis.
Issuance of the injunction, of course,
complicated matters in that It led the
operators to believe that they could de
pend on the Government to make their
fight for them and thus perhaps enable
them to escape wage negotiations with
the miners. The Injunction will now of
necessity have to be withdrawn before
wage negotiations can proceed.'''
Insistence of the operators that the,'
NOVEMBER 5, 1919,
existing contract run to March $1, 1910,
was said to ba the stumbling block in
tha way ot scale conferences.
Gomper Calh for Support of
Opsonized Labor.
PrrTSBURO, Nov. 4. Leaders of the
steel strike to-night gave out a letter
from the headquarters ot the American
Federation of Labor In Washington In
which the executive council "declared
their support of the organizations on
strike." and that an "appeal should be
made to all organized labor and their
friends urging financial support."
"In this contest." the letter continued.
"the moral support and financial assist
ance of all are necessary. Every dollar
received will be devoted to tne purpose
of sustaining the needy. and their fam
lles. 1
"The odlclals In charge of tha strike
have arranged to open commissaries to
feed all who are In need.
"There are 400,000 workers and their
families affected. The need for help is
"Every local union Is urged to con
tribute as generously as Its resources
will permit ,and every member of every
organization Is urged to do likewise.
Every central Body is requested to con
See announcement
Process Leather
Ask Your
Sheffield Farms Co.
November Milk Prices
WE have just completed a new agreement with our employees which piovides a
material advance in wages not only to organized labor but to other employees
as well. It includes a reduction in working time from seven to six days a week.
In addition, farmers will receive Vfec. per quart more than they received in October.
Public health demands fresh milk every day.
(Therefore the Sheffield Farms Co. will require
truckmen to allow each one a day off every week.
Notwithstanding this radical change in the operation of the industry the consumer
is asked to pay only V2C. per qt. for Grade B bottled milk over the price set by, the
Federal Food Administration in November last year. . ''
Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx, Jersey City,
Union Hill and Vicinities.
Prices Effective Nov. 5th, 1919.
Grade B milk 17c. per qt. bottle
Grade B milk 10c. per pt. bottle
"Sealect" Grade A 20c. per qt. bottle
"Sealect" Grade A 12c. per pt. bottle
Sheffield Certified' 28c. per qt. bottle
Brookside Certified. . . ,30c. per qt. bottle
Buttermilk 12c. per qt. bottle
Condensed Milk 18c. per i ptV bottle
X Cream. . . . r 28c. per y pt. bottle
XX Cream 36c. per pt. bottle
Sour Cream 18c. per yi pt. bottle
Sheffield Farms Co. operates 180 retail dairy stores ' where you can buy pure,
clean, safe milk, bringing your own container, for 13c per qt.
Sheffield Farms Co. i& the best equipped milk distributing organization in the
World. We know the milk industry near and far, and we know what we offer in
milk and service is recognized as standard both in this country and abroad.
We assure the public Sheffield Standards will be maintained and the price you
pay for Sheffield Milk will always be a price honestly arrived at.
Come to the Sheffield plants and see how we handle your milk. See how it
is pasteurized) see the methods by which heat is controlled, see how the bottles
are washed and sterilized, see how they are filled and sealed. You're welcome at
ally time. We know that a visit will create admiration for Sheffield methods and
, stimulate a desire for Sheffield Farms Milk.
duot a campaign to raise funds in the
shortest possible time.
"In additional to financial assistance
union men everywhere are asked to use
every moral influence in behalf of the
men who are 'involved- in the strike, to
tell the publlo the truth about the strike,
and to leave nothing undone that will
bring It to an honorable conclusion."
The appeal is signed by Samuel Oom
pers, president, and other officers of the
American Federation of Labor.
Representatives ot steel companies In
the Pittsburg district reiterated to-night
tha nrnnhrr of men emDloyed was In
creasing, and the Carnegie Steel i Com
pany said the finishing mills of the
Homestoad Steel Works did better last
week than1 at any time since the strike
was called, and furnace operations were
Will Protect Non-Union Men
Now Working.
Brownsvilix, Pai, Nov. 4. United
States troops entered Pennsylvania on
strike duty to-day, when a company of
Infantry arrived hero from Buffalo. They
were hold In their train until arrange
ments could be mado for scattering them
through the district.
The troops In command of Col. B. D.
Evans arrived from Fort Niagara early
November 6
three times as long.
Shoe Dealer
Sheffield Farms Co.
! New York
In the day. They numbered 180 men,
and carried camp equipment and ample
Brownsville Is on ,)he Monongahela
River, the centre of an Important min
ing field, with about forty mines, em
ploying some 20,000 miners. -It Is on
the edge of the non-union mine country.
Many mines are closed by the strike.
but almost an equal numDer not con
trolled by tha United Mine worxera are
to be kept In operation, under the pro-
Bunion Relief Is Worth
. Seeking
la, t t sf
200 additional delivery
Far Rockaway, Hammels and Vicinity,
Where Additional Transportation Is Paid.
Prices Effective Nov. 5th, 1919.
Grade B milk 18c. per qt. bottle
Grade B milk 11c. per pt. bottle
"Seaject" Grade A 21c. per qt. bottle
Sheffield Certified. . . .28c. per qt. bottle
Brookside Certified. . . .31c. per qt. bottle
Buttermilk .. .13c. per qt. bottle
Condensed Milk 18c. per yi pt. bottle
X Cream 28c. per. j pt. bottle
XX Cream 36c. per 4 pt. bottle
Sour Cream 18c. per yi pt. bottle
taction of the troops, It was stated by
Rerun, Nov. 4. The Standard Oil
Company, It is reported from Hamburg,
will soon resume operations In Germany
through Its subsidiary company, tha r-man-Amerlcan
Petroleum Association.
A fleet of tank steamships la expected
to arrive soon.
Many bunion sufferer
have given tip hope of
ver finding a relief from
their painful trouble.
"Stretching" a ahpa
never gives real comfort
and it ruins the appearance
of the shoe. The? Coward
Bunion Shoe of soft leather
with a bunion "pocket" was
designed to fit over ths
bunion to protect it from
without yet leave it free
from pressure or irritation.
IPyou suffer from a bun
ion the Coward Bunion
Shoe will afford great relied
James S. Coward
262-274 Grwiwlcti St, N.Y.C
(Near Warren St)

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