Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1919.
8 The Poorhouse and Death Claim Two Famous Criminals iff 7 Alonzo J. Whiteman, Who Squandered a Million Clean Before He Became King of the forgers, JNowa County Charge Billy .Burke, Cracksman, Passes Out Xfter a Career Which Proves Crime Doesn't Pay How His By HERBERT ASBURY. I--IIE past few weeks nave wlt I, ncsscd the end of two of the J! moat famous criminals that havo over been developed In the United 8tates Billy Burke and Monro J, Whiteman. Hilly Burke Is dead, tho samo Billy Burke who was the husband of Sophlo Lyons, tho "Queen of tho Crooks," and the terror of po lice departments back in tho '80s and 00s, and who for more than a quarter of a century was hupted by the ... . i r 41-...I -. .. 1 V - nnxenon , oy scuiuuu .u , tho detect ves' of cVery largo city In the world as thoSreatest and most skilful of bank robbers. And White, man, tho original "Jim tho Penman" and ono of the most expert forgers anJ confidence men that over operated any where, lias been admitted to the county poorhoufe in Livingston county. Jim tho Penman made hun dreds of thousands of dollars by his perverted genius; he saw tho Inside of many Jails, and now, broken nnd penniless, he Is u county charge In the town where ho was born. The careers of both Burko and Whiteman, and tho career of Sophie Lyons, with which that of Burke la linked, havo been amazing records of rrtmlnnl notlvltv. but that Of Whlte- tnan has probably never been galled. - ------- . hv anv criminal In the world. Not even tho wildest Imaginings of a mov- lng picture director have ever been moro rcmarkablo than' tho true story of Whiteman's life. The same story In a movlo or on tho stag would be ridiculed as highly Improbable, If not actually Impossible. Born and bred In the lap of luxury, the possessor of n million clean dollars at the ago of 25. Mayor of an American city, member of the Legislature of a great State and a candidate for Congress at,an extraor dinarily early age and now at the ago of 61 an Inmate of an almshouse, dependent entirely for his bread and clothing upon a "Government whose laws ho broke and a people whose money he stole! "Whltemnn's Fnanlon for Gnmbllnu. "Whiteman broko laws, forged checks, spent his lnherltanco ' and blackened hla good namo not so much because be wanted great sums of money, but to igratify his ono besetting vice he wanted to gamble. From his earliest youth the man was never able to keep awVy from the gaming tables. In col lege he was principally noted for his ability as a poker player and a crap ehooter, yet In the end he always lost, and In tho days after his fortune had been squandered that meant more criminality so that he could get to gether enough to attempt to recoup his losses but he never did. In many ,9fuhis blirgest Jobs ho made hundreds "at thousands, but the money never lasted him more than a few days. Tho gambling houses got It all, and quickly. Whiteman was born In Dansville, N. Y., sixty-one years ago, tho son of one of tho wealthy men of Living ston county. Ho was educated at Hamilton College and later entered nnd was graduated from Columbia University, where he received a law degree. He previously had won an A. B. at Hamilton. When he was 21 his father determined to send him West to look after some of his prop erties in that part of the country and young Whiteman set out for Duluth. Even at that time Whiteman was wild and addicted to the gaming tables, but his parents and friends thought it was just the sowing of the wild oats and believed that he would settle down with the coming of responsibilities. In Duluth for some time he gavo his entire attention to business. He was so successful that hla father's properties flourished and prospored and he made young Whiteman a gift of 150.000. On his twenty-fifth birth day his father made him a second gift, ' this was $100,000. In 18SS the elder "Whiteman died In New York and di vided his property between his only son and his daughter. Each of them received about $1,300,000. His sister became estranged from her brother, later lost her reason and at last ac counts was In a sanitarium. He Kner Politic. Before he received hla Inheritance young Whiteman had entered Minne sota politics and had become prominent.- He was first a member of tho State Assembly and when he was only 26 he was elected a member of tho Stato Senate, the youngest man ever to hold that ofllre. He wns In tho Legislature all together four years and left It only when he was nomi nated for Congress. In the election which followed, however, he was de feated, although he retrieved hla po litical fortunes later by being elected Mayor of Duluth. He headed tho Minnesota delegation to the national Democratic convention which nomi nated Cleveland In 1891. and he always claimed that It was hii Irflucncc and hard work which obtained the nomi nation of the candidate. This claim may not be true, but It Is certain that the man was tot many years a leader and a power In the political life of Minnesota and that he wns a cam paign orator of considerable ability -and not a little prominence. But It was about at the time when Whiteman's political fortunes were at their height that the turning point came In his life. He had been specu- latlng In Wall Street and on tho Chicago Board ot Trade and was one of the many who were squeezed un- mercifully In the collnpo of the Lelter wheat corner. A good share of his fortune was tost In this venture, In vain efforts to get bark what he had lost during the next two years he lost everything else that he hnd and In 1897, nine years after he had In herited more than o million dollars, he was penniless. He went to work In a Duluth bank at small pay nnd held the place for some time, but years of Independence and wealth had unfitted him for such a minor role. He gave up his Job and came to New Tork. hopln that he might do better hers and find an opportunity to re habilitate himself. Sat b tad not fetes fetrt long ba- Record Is Linked Wijh lhat ot foro he got In with crooks, principally forgers and confidence men, and that was the beginning of the end.. He was tver' after a criminal, and In 1916, wnen tho Plnkerton Detective Agency was asked to sum up his career briefly, this Is what they reported: "Arrested forty-seven times. Con victed and served time twlco. Called King of tho I-'orgers.' " Ar, tho title would indicate, White man came by the name of "Jim tho Penman" because of his amazing facility with tho pen and his uncanny ability to forgo signatures and even whole pages of letters. He came to bo a consummate operator, committing , of th t ,ntr:cate . Trr.. and subtle character. When he ran afoul of the police ho showed auch an under utandlng of human nature, and particularly of detectives, that on many occasions he was even able to usp tho officers themselves to Irclp him out of the net. That he wn" ar retted forty-seven times, Indicted seventeen times and convicted bu. twice is proof of his skill and shrewd ness. He had n mind for big tilings. That had been his training all his life. He took long chances. Ho undertook big Jobs and got away with them, and for many years ho managed to ply his trado without paying tho penalty. But even then his health was being under mined by Incipient epilepsy, which! first manifested Itself during the tlmo nrr mnmrnsTRii iisimi uuriiit? mu imiu wm Krlng ft tcrm ,nJJIng 8nR and, at length this disease affected both his nerve and his nerves, so that his hand lost Its cunning, and during tho last few 'years that ho tried to operate ho was barely better than an ordinary, clumsy forger. Chief ot a Forscr nnml. At the height of his career White man was tho head and tho directing brains of a band of forgers whose operations have proliably never been equalled. In ten years this group, which included such notables as Knox Witherout, Warren, Boothman, Wlck wlre and Gordon, obtained between $200,000 and $500,000 by various do vlces In which forgery was the prin cipal factor. Banks and hotels were their victims, usually, although the hotels contributed little moro than the living expenses of the gang, while tho big hauls were made on the banks. Knox, by the way, the right hand of Whiteman In the operations of tho great gang of forgers, was the son of an Elmlra clergyman and a class mate of Whiteman at Hamilton Col lege. Ho was a lawyer and a fine pen man. . When Knox heard of Whiteman a success In Duluth, in the days when Whiteman was straight except for hla gambling, he went west and they joined forces to beat the poker gamo at the City Club. They did it so ef fectually that a scandal arose nnd Knox had to leave town. It was then arranged that Knox should go to Mex ico and establish a credit there In the purchase of diamonds, to be paid for In drafts on Whiteman's bank In Duluth. Drafts were to be paid un til confidence hod been establ'shed In' the minds of the Mexican dealers and then Knox was to make a sweeping purchase, present bogus drafts In pay ment nnd cross the frontier Into the United States. But Whiteman al lowed ono of the Small drafts to go to protest anl Knox was arrested when he tried to mako tho big pur chaso. Ho served two years In a Mex ican prison. During this time Whiteman had collapsed-financially and had begun tho organization of the great gang of forgers, which was joined by Knox when he was released and allowed to como to this country. The gang chose Pawtuckct, R. I., as tho sceno of one of Its first operations, and going to that town "bought" a cot ton mill for $00,000, .deposited a draft In the usual way and checked out $4,000 In cash against It at once. With this they wont to Pittsburg, and depositing part of tho $4,000 In a bank there, also opened an account In a McKecsport bank and began checking .from one Into the other to swell their City Bank of Brooklyn, and desired to accounts In each. But unfortunatily Uransfer his account from that bank for them tho McKeesport back was to the Columbia Bank. Ho then pro tho correspondent of the Pittsburg duced a checkfor $3,716.21, drawn on bank and tho bank officials made mu-ithe Brooklyn "Bank to tho order of tual Inquiries, with the result that when the gang tried to check out a considerable sum their arrest was or dered. But thoy escaped and went to Canada, whero the next day one of the gang Introduced himself as Thomas W. Lawson of Boston, ne- gotlated for tho purchase of a copper I mine for a million dollars and sold sight drafts on Boston for $2,300 with. which the entire gang came back to New York city. ' Whiteman Gotf Free. Here all of them were arrested. One of the band was sent to Rhode Island and convicted. Knox was sent, to Pittsburg and sentenced to an Inde terminate term, and Whiteman was held In New York. The charges, however, dta not hold him, and he was released not long afterward. When Knox was eligible for release by tho Pennsylvania Board of Pardons and Parole, Whiteman went to Harrls burg, posed as a member of the New York Legislature, and pleaded Knox's caJo so well thathe forger was re leased and returned to New York with Whiteman. They Immediately became Involved In forgeries against tho Nas-! sau Trust Company in Brooklyn, and 1 ! gainst banks and trust companies In Brooklyn But between thess periods White man was active. He telegraphed to a I B0OKmaKer "'?so irom a can ,n Mlnnenpo lis to honor Whiteman a credlt for $2,500. He followed np the despatch In person, got the money and at the same time stole the despatch, which was the only thing that could have convicted him. Then he wrnt down to Monmouth and passed a bad check on a bookmaker, and when tho later called the police "Smiling John" Kelly gave Whiteman $300 to take up the check, and Whiteman took Kelly's card with an address at which to pay the loan. Ho was familiar with Kelly's writing, and 'imme diately wrote an order on the back of the card for the monger of Kelly's rambling bous In flew Tork to plvo credit to Whiteman up 'to a certain amount. 'That night Kelly went to Long, Branch and Whiteman camo to the gambling house and began playing. He lost $2,300 at faro, for which ho gave worthless checks. Then he cashed another check for $600 and had a winning streak and cashed In $1,100, but did not take up the bad checks. This affair Is unique In that he robbed "Smiling John" Kelly, who had befriended him, twlco Within twenty-four hours. The reason that Kelly gavo Whiteman t'-i money was that Whiteman had been ono of the victims of tho Kelly gambling houses for fifteen years, beginning when he was i student in the law school of Columbia University. Itorv WhMemnn Worked. A typical example of Whlteman'aJ methods In swindling banks by forged checks Is his affair with tho Columbia Bank In 1897. On February 20-of that Lvear Whiteman; giving tho name of J. 1-1. Williams, called at tho Columbia Bank and said that he desired to open James- William Taylor, alias- charlecT BftTEJBiLyrTHEKiDBiLUE'BuRKE on account there. He said he was a physician who had but recently come to New York to live and gave an ad dress In West Fortieth street as his home and office. He said that he hat) I been doing business with the National tho Columbia Bank and signed by J. H. Williams. The check was de posited and the account opened. On the following Tuesday tho ac count was opened on a Saturday .Whiteman went to the bank and told the cashier that he wanted to rent a safe deposit box. The cashier Invited him downstairs to look at tho vaults, and as they passed tho paylrig teller's window Whiteman said: "By the way, I wish you would In troduce me to tho paying teller. Hav ing Just deposited all the ready cash I have, tt may be necessary for me to draw a check for my own use one of theso days, and I should vllke the teller to knoWwho I am." "Certainly." replied tho cashier. ."Come along and I'll Introduce you." This was done, and then Whiteman rented a safe deposit box. On his way out of tho bank ho stopped long enough to draw a check for $580, which he presented to tho paying teller, saying as he did so: "I Just happened to think that I may need 6om money to-morrow, so I might as well draw a check now." The check was paid witnout ques- tion. and Whiteman walked out with the money In his pocket. The check ion the National City Bank had been deposited Just beforo tho Columbia Bank closed on the preceding Friday afternoon. Saturday being a half holiday and tho next Monday being Washington's Birthday, nil of which Whiteman had taken Into considera tion, the chckwas not presented at the Brooklyn bank until about noon on Tuesday. This was about the time that Whiteman drew tho $580 from the Columbia Bank. Luna's In- Frlion at lint. Whiteman had many narrow escapes from prison sentences In his long career of crime, but he was never really punished for anything he did until 1905, when he was sent to Au burn prison for eight yean, although later he was transferred to Da$rie mora on suspicion that ho was "in Dollars and Gained Political Prestige bophie Lyons sane. He was released In 1914. The particular crime for which he was sentenced to prison was committed In 1904. In July of-, that year a mes senger called at the Fidelity Trust Company In Buffalo with a letter typewritten on what purported to be the business paper of an East Aurora Arm and signed F. H. Hubbard, who appeared to be a member of the Ann. Enclosed In the letter was a draft for $9,000 to Hubbard's order by the cashier of the National Hudson River tlank of Hudson, N. Y.. on the Leather Manufacturers' Bank of Now York city. The letter ald that Mr. Hub bard wanted to open an account, stat 'ng that t Mr. Hubbard was an in valid who seldom left East Aurora, ana requested that a bank check book be sent by return messenger. The draft waa accepted find the 9,000 credited to Mr. Hubbard. Then, after allowing sufficient tlmo for the draft to pass through the usual chan nels, the Buffalo bank permitted Mr. Hubbard to check on the , account. Whiteman and Joseph Boothman. who was said iby tho Plnkertons to be "as sociated with him In the crime, suc ceeded In checking cit $3,850 before tho Buffalo bank realized that a swindle had been perpetrated. The Plnkertons, who were then engaged by the American Bankers' Association to protect banks against forgers. Immediately arrested Boothman, but Whiteman escaped. Whiteman, how ever, was arrested the following Sep tember Just as he was about to board a street car In SL Louis with a young woman. He denied nny knowledge of the Buffalo hank swindle, but agreed to return to New York without waiting for extradition proceedings. Detectlvo Al Solomon of the Buffalo pollco force and Detective Fields of tho" Plnkcrto-s went to St. Louts to get Whitman, and anticipated no trouble In getting him back to Buffalo to stand trial. They got as far ns Chicago without In cident, and nothing happened until they reached Dunkirk, which Is only fifty mllea from Buffalo. Thero tho train stopped, and the two detectives pot off the train to limber up a bit. Whiteman walking between them. When the train was about to start, one of the detectives got aboard, then Whiteman, then tho other dotectlve. As Whiteman reached the door of ths tateroom the trio had been occupying, he quickly stepped Inside and slammed tho door, Thn th train started, and Ml I M 11 III I l HI I IP Mill II llllll II I II the detectives thought nothing of tho slammed door. They thought they were on one side of the door and that Whiteman was on the other. But when they went Into tho stateroom they found that Whiteman had Jumped through tho window of tho moving train and was gone. The train was gotnr at fifty miles an hour, nnd reached tho next station In twenty minutes. They got out and hurried hack to Dunkirk, but were not "bio to llnd any trace of Whiteman. Whltamnn anli IntAt thnt whun hf Jumped from the train he mingled with the crowd at the station for a few minutes, then wont to the Erie Hotel and registered. He went to bed and slept soundly until tho next morning, nnd when he awoke ho waa surprised to find that the two detec tlvea had 'been occupying a room on tho same floor. He says that he walked quietly Into the dining room, nad breakfast and then caught a train to Dansville. his old home town, where his mother; still lived, t Caught at Mother'a Home. There he stayed for several months while the detectives searched all over tho country for him. Then he went to Mexico,. and after a few months there tame back to Dansvlllo. He left thero again, .finally, and went South, nnd again returned home. Finally the Plnkertons got the tip that Whiteman wns at his mother's home, and they sf.nt seven cf their operatives and six Kuffalo detectives to get him. Thoy came Into the town In the dead of night, because they had been told that the peoplo of Danville wero so strong for Whiteman, nnd believed so thor oughly In his Innocence, that they al ways notified him of the presenco uf strangers in town. So the detective! stole a march on them. They had pur rnnndeO the house boforc tho towns people knew of their presence. When two of the detectives rapped on the front door Mrs? Whiteman answered and slammed tho door In their faces. Then a buzzer rang and Whiteman. asleep, on the top floor, waa aroused. Ha rose and dressed'and pro cured to escape, while Mrs. Whiteman refused to admit tho detectives until she nnd the other members of the family had dressed. When they finally entered she said that her son, was not there, and although the sleuths nearched the place thoroughly they could find no trace ohlm. They were about to leavewhen one ot thern dis covered a secret opening on tho wall of a room In a secluded part of tho house. This opening was on a chute which extended through the root Into what, from the outsldo, looked llko a chimney. Tho detectives concluded that Whiteman was In that part of the chute abovo the roof and two of Need of Good English continued from Sixth Page. current terms or find Its readers in daily rebellion. The only exception to thkr setting up of sane verbal stand ards and of the use of common sense English Is found In the sporting col umns, which use a peculiar lingo, partly technical and partly profes sional slang derived from bleacher and back .alley, and In the weekly comics, or In the colloquialisms of the deco rative fiction In the Sunday magazine, all of which cases are the exceptions, however, which prove the rule. Of course ono hardly expects tho average person to admit this great service of tho American newspaper without questioning It, nnd It goes without saying that tho English do not Intend to admit the determining part we nro now playing In deciding what Is good English without fighting over it And, though having burned their fingers bidly In the past on tho American vulgarisms, which were easily proved to be good Elizabethan,! they havo nbandoned that kind of an anti-American campaign, there aro numerous signs that we are now in for ' a greator literary and linguistic con-1 desconslon than ever before. Indeed! they aro now screaming with dismay over the Invasion of tho American I film and tho American film language, I Well, no one has any brief for the I film language since, as the young glrll said of Europe. It-la either "perfctlyi simple" or "simply perfect" But the ' dislike of the English for It is tho vulgar side of antl-Amcrlcantsm now ; on. The more subtle phaso takes i the form of deep appreciation of our financial and physical prowess In tho war while at the same tlnie delicately suggesting that we aro still Inferior In a social, Intellectual and cultural sense. You see this on every side, while the contrary Is the truth. And yet If we arc going to hold our linguis tic hegemony us Americans, which Is the basis of our literary expression,! wo shall have to continuo It It la true not all the condescenders have reached this side, though they seem to be here In legion, nnd are well paid for their touring nt that. But a few recognize our real cultural . qualifications. Our appreciation of his work came "as early" and "moro i keenly" than among hla own, says Lord Dunsany. well, you can't havo appreciation of new things In litera ture without having large groups of people familiar with the standards of all times. Then De Morgan was ap preciated here before England realized what he stood for. The "Four Horses" of Ibanez tripped up In England and only became popular over there after we had shown the way, and yet the Xew WUnw abusea ua because we don't road Mrs. Cralgle. so It says, though It kindly admit that "a largo number of English books are read In the United States. They are read by tho moro cultivated classes who aro them Immediately climbed up, leaving a guard inside the house. Just as the detectives reached tho roof Whiteman scrambled out of the chuto and stood at bay facing two cocked revolvers. Suddenly the swin dler slipped on tho ice coated shingles and slid down to the caves. For a moment he hung by hla fingers twen-ty-flvo feet from the ground, where other detectives were waiting for him. He fell, and fortunately for him there was a deep snowdrift into which he plunged out of night. The detectives dug him out and handcuffed him. Then they hustled him Into a sleigh and drove him over the county line before his attorney or the people of Dansvlllo could come to his old. N Ilnrke'a Career. Billy Burke, whose death waa re cently recorded In news despatches, was a criminal of an entirely different type from .Vvhlteman. He was an Eng lishman and a plumber, and a plumber In England In tho early '70s was not very high up In the social scale. Burko never attempted any crimi nality In which appearance counted for anything. He was a thief, not a swin dler. His methods wero thoso of di rect action; he found out where there was a good "crib" stuffed with gold and bank notes and he went nnd cracked It. His skill with drills and explosives was uncanny and It has been said thaP tho safe had never len built that Billy Burko nt tho height of his cleverness could not crack. He Is reputed to have been the first man to use an acetylene torch as an aid to safe blowing, and his kit of tools haa always been regarded as probably, the finest In the world. I Burke operated all over tho world willing to make a slight mental effort Such people havo the pleasant sensa tion of mastering a foreign language. They skip tho phrases they don't understand or try to translate them with tho dictionary.' And so It goes, nnd yet Prof. Dyce and Sir Francis Pollock said American legal education was far ahead of any thing done In England and the best in the world, our technical education leaves England nowhere, thoy do not really know what the meaning of com mon school education Is over there, and although the commission from Ox ford and Cambridge that visited Amer ica In 191S went back with Ita tall be tween Its legs only to confront a se vere arraignment of both Institutions by the objectors nt home, to the amaze ment of any American who is In touch with our own educational world, tho September Atlantic Monthly tho At lantic having shown symptoms of An giitis for a long while. camo out In an Indictment of American education by Dr. Parkin, tho secretary of the Rhodes Scholarship 'Fund; nn Indict ment, so fatuous that It could only come from a man who had actually been recommending to a number of college presidents that wo must give up our Fourth of July In order to pla cate British opinion. Well, naturally this nta In with Con lngsbyvDawson'a happy thought that we must rewrite our histories and with tho propaganda of Noyes. who haa converted Princeton to tho Idea that a German king, assisted by a few Hessians, fought the Revolutionary Ships Back SOME ships, like men, are from day to day forsaking tho strenu ous duties Imposed upon them by war for tho moro peaceful pursuits of business nnd pleasure. These ships aro changing clothes too. In other words, they are going from the regu lation attlre.to civilian clothes. Sturdy shipa engaged In tho days beforo thu war In carrying freight car goes aro returning in their "old Jobs." Palatial yachts, used by tho Govern ment in fcout duty, uro being dis missed from tho service, most of them without a "Job" to go to, unless It bo the aimless cruising about at tho whim of a rich, pleasure loving owner. While men have returned to civil life with certificates of merit, medals of honor nnd other Justly earned re wards for courajro or for work espe cially valuable to the Government these ships arc going, without any ado. back to tho work In which they were Interrupted. To do this, however, they first must be reconverted. Tiers of standee bunks, mess halls, hospital wards and surplus life rifts are removed, and fine woodwork replace the plainer but In England, France, Sweden, Switzer land In which country he was re leased from prison a fow years ajo, and In tho United States. Ills activi ties In this country soem to date from 1882 and culminated finally with his arrest back In 1908 In Philadelphia. K was a bosom friend of the noted cracksman Charlie Prince, who waa shot and killed In Quincy, 111., several years ago by Patrolman Johnny Ahem. In Cohoes In 1882 Burke tried to steal $10,000 from the messenger of tho Manufacturers' Bank and was sent to tho Albany County Jail, from which he escaped. The offer of a reward of $1,000 causod his recapture and ba served hla term. InVJ887 Burke went to Europe with Sophie Lyons, who had abandoned her husband, Ned Lyons, a noted cracks man. In Oenova, with Charlie Allen end Georg Harper, Burke waylaid a bank messenger and got $6,000. They wero arrested and the money recovered from a ditchln which tt had been con. ccalod. Brfrko served two years for that Job and. then went to London with Sophlo Lyons. There ho made an at tempt to stpal a bag containing $25,000 from a bank and served eighteen months In an English Jail. He next bobbed up at Mount Sterling, Ky, whero he tried to steal $4,400 from a bank and was captured, serving three, years. Ho alternated during the next few years between America and Europe, serving tlmo In Budapest ar,i In American Jails, yet at times ho hud success enough to umass a consldti able sum of monoy. Sophlo Lyon in Crlmr. Borko'a criminal career was con. trolled and directed by Sophie Lyon?, one of the greatest female criminal America has vcr had and a woman who was known to tho police, of nil cnun. tries during tho '80a and '90s ai thi Queen of the Crooks. Hev maiden name was Levy and she specialized In picking pockets, shoplifting and contl. denco games. Her fame became sa great that at one time Inspector Byrnes of tho New York Police P. partment declared that she was flu most dangerous woman In the world. Sophlo Lyons came naturally by her criminal talent. Her grandfather was a noted cracksman, her mother was a thief and her father was a black mailer. Her parents taught her to steal, and there are to this day tht marks on her arms where they seared her with Irons because Bho wouldn't obey them or because she got caught In some petty theft. She began to at. tract attention In pollco circles shortly ifter the civil war, being associated with a gang led by Mother Mamie! baum, known ns "Queen of the Fences." She married Ned Lyons when she was a young girl, and shortly afterward Lyons, with Jimmy Hope, Max Shlburn and Charley Dul lard, robbed the Ocean Bank, at Fultoa and Greenwich streets, of $1.0tf0,000 In cold cash. They lived for a time then on Long Island, whero a sen was born. He later died while serving a sentence n Auburn prison, In 1870 Lyons and Hope got $130,000 In the robbery of the ban! at Water ford. N. Y., and the trio were sent to Sing Sing. Sophlo and Lyons escaped In a snowstorm, and In 1877tshe left Lyons nnd went abroad with Burke. While Burke was serving time over there she posed as a Southern lady in Paris and swindled tho French out of $200,000 In one year. The last tlmo sho was arrested was In 1896, ami soon after that sho announced thn' she was going straight. She Is re puted to havo retired with a fortun" of $500,000, and recently offered the city of Detroit property valued at $35,000 for tho erertlon of a home to reclaim children of criminal tendencle . She la now moro than 70 years old. Is Growing i War single handed apparently win tho British peoplo sat on tho side Hm nnd cried out, "Well played, sir," ever tlma George Washington won a vic tory. But none of these, who seem t prove that after all tho familiar cur tain raiser of tho London theatre which Invariably Introduces a "till" ass" type, haa every reason fnr thi selection, will make much headway 1 1 the long run If wo stand for thosJ things In which we havo triumphed. Of course, Parkin who thinks th) .United States Is "South Canada." can not understand that the best cqulppt l students Iq America do not want to to Oxford. They know that the lihodn scholarship Idea was conceived In pro vlnclal Imperialism and that too ofter-. to speak In Bostoncso ngaln, tt, J Rhodes scholars aro n mere optional and eplgonal reflection of Hrltlsli academic snobbery, international eplcenea with a British cast, neutral In word, thought nnd deed In a!' thosa things In which they should voice th American viewpoint. But if wo make tho American Speech Week an annual observance nationwide we shall soon sloush off all these annoyances that are now s much In evidence. And If we will but ctar.d by the American language In H Its unconquerable might In numberi and uniform usage, not only the world language will be oura through tM supremacy of American Enpllah, out tho world as well through the domi nance of American commerce a-il Amerlcnn Ideals. in "Civies" stron?ef walla against which tut san da of soldiers had JostleJ eaca other In their eagerness to sU1' submarine. . A complete fleet of ships thos or the American Hawaiian Steanvnlp Company Is being reconverted in tM ynrds of the Morse Dry Dock and Im pair Company of Brooklyn nf i"' ships thero aro somo with brtllla- war records. The Panaman's record Is en ' surpassed by other of the 'innaw' boats, but it Is given to ri ' such work was vnluublo and t' at tn return of ships, like- th return ot men, should not o unheralded. This boat. 429 feet Inches length, with a beam of 53 feel In"1" and of 6.655 gross tony, was taken of by the Government 8eptnW : 1S1" During the war the PannmaT tn- fnfnltfA trlna a s rn a a thtk Alluri'll- L sides tho 14.000 troops carrt out the loss of n single man rlod 2,900 American Govcrnm'-' horses, of which she lost only "lr Ono trip from New York to'! was maaa in nimr hXr. Ihl. In mihmarlna iMPCrW water. . I