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THE SUN fTEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1919.
a BERGER FACES HARD BATTLE IN WISCONSIN Bace With Bodenstab, Fu sion Candidate, Is Kun Martyr Style. 1,000 VOTES MAY DECIDE Anvrican Legion Makes House to House Canvass Against Convicted Socialist By Staff Pomtponient of Tm 8cm. Milwaukhsb, Dec. 2. At the most- head of the Milwaukee Leader la the announcement that Victor L. Berger la editor thereof. Beneath Mr. Berb er's name Is the announcement: On Indefinite leave of absence and not responsible for contents of paper. Whether this notice bo foreboding;. hope or alibi, tune alone will divulge, for the United States Government would clap Berger into jail for his re bellion against the espionage law and Berger insists upon assuming the seat in Congress that Is denied him by the House of Representatives. At all events Mr. Berger Is now occupying his nicely appointed editorial sanctum In the offices from which the Leader and other ultra-naive publications issue, wielding a trenchant pen with an abandon so utter that the stranger in Milwaukee Invariably demands to know how he gets away with it. Either, the uninformed casual con cludes, libel laws have been banished from the book of statutes of the State of Wisconsin and the Government of the United States hasn't read the Leader or Victor Berger is just clam oring; for additional indictments. Playing the Martyr Game. "Arrest him?" scoffs a Government agent who happens to be In Milwaukee Just to keep Mr. Berger and his Joyous sheet under a more or less reactionary eye. "Confiscate tho Ltaderr Shut Berger up? What do you want us to do .' Make his election a ten to one shot? No, he's played the martyr gama as far as we want him to. The third Indict ment thiit the Government slapped upon him In 1918 was what elected hi u to Congress. Fo:ks began to i! o are him a martyr; that we were persecuting him. And immediately a lot of folks who hud had no Intention of voting for Berg, r east their ba lots for him Just to show him that whilo they weren't socialists or anything like that, they were for the under do when it b,gan to look as i( the bigger dog was getting rough. It was oid humnn nature that elected Ber ger to Consr-ss ; not Socialist votes." Just how right the Government asent was may be deduced from that which follows here. VI t. - rJsrfST, Bodallst boss of the Fifth Congress district In Wisconsin, seeks r. etUon to Congress. He siys that be doesn't care a ra'abash for tho Job; that he'd be of more service to suffering humanity were he to stay at i li rjrpf Tlt'an I eduot the masses But he demands vindication. He says he's a perpetua. candidate for the House of R-p-e" rtntlves, and Dan Hoan. the Socialist Mayor of Milwaukee, declare that the Firth district is going to kep on electing Mr. Beiger until the House does accept him. Thus committed to a test of en durance Mr. Berger has built a political machine that need ask nothing of the organizations evolved by such astute statesmen as Mr. Tweed. Mr. Taggnrt, Tom Johnson, Mr. Hmna or the satur nine Mr. Mc.N'Ichol of Phl'ade'phla. On D.cember 19 the Fifth Congress district goes to the polls to fill the vacant seat to which Mr. Berber was elected In 1918, but which the House of Representatives derided to keep vacant not becauBe Mr. Berger Is a Socialist, for he already has served a term In Congress, but because he has been con victed and he Is at large under bonds aggregating slightly less than $150,000. Can They Care For Money? Yon think that your family will not surer want after your dcuth because you will leave tltem fairly well off, but will they stay "fairly well off?" Do they know how to care for their money? If yon teach them now to boy our Guaranteed Mortgages the habit will protect them wher. you are gone. Wt ha fiMrartW $700,990,000 in the pad 27 ytan and no in tutor hat ever lott a dollar. Bond & ootgage Guarantee fb- Capital and Surplus, $10,000,001 176 Dndwy, New lurk 175 R ...... St, IN MmUim St, rUys :S( Fshsa St., Jamaica 7 Jacks! At, leaf Idas. City could not be made practicable nor work able over night. He was 111 advised. He would not build party fences against the eleotlons of 1912. He wreclced hie party by sheer stubbornnesa He went on the theory that If Socialism would not lit where conservatism used to be nothing would, for the simple reason that It would be Soclal'nm or nothing. Naturally this developed disaster, and In 1912 the Republicans were swept back Into power In the city, county and dis trict. Berger, seeking reelection to Con gress, was defeated by Stafford, a Re publican running on a Fusion ticket, who received 15,(31 votes to Bergers 14,025. The La Follette man. Trottman, corralled only 8,251 votes. Stafford, on tiw Republican ticket, was elected again In 1914 and again in lilt, each time defeating Berger ty a substantial If not Impressive majority. Came the elections of 1918, with all Its war borne Issues. Barter won the Socialist nomination as lual, but with two Indictments lunging over him. Had , he gone to the polls at tW election Vft these two tntsotments It M Uke'v U.-' Mr. Carney, the Democrat, woulS have won, for the Fifth Congress district, with all Its alien population, was, kfter all, not anxious to be regarded au un American. Berger was under a heavy, black I cloud. He had flagrantly violated the espionage law, which, when all was aald and done, was the law and the country . was at war. Stafford was one of the - "willful men" who voted against war with Germany. To do Stafford Justice reactionary old party administration ft muat be said that he misjudged his would offer. To do less, to try to dls- conatltuencv. for he figured he waa pense with political discipline, would voting as they would have him vote ; that spell Instant disaster for the Socialists, nis folks at home, being of German and they know It. But the discussion of origm for the most part, were opposed to Socialist methods Is out of place at this th9 United 8tates engaging Germany K" or tne lOTy or victor Berger . In war. He Waa Quite wrong, Wisconsin's Primary Law, The State of Wisconsin has enacted a D. S. AGENT DENIES WETS BRIBED HIM Paaqnalo Pignuolo of Depart ment of Justice Says He Got No Money. JURY GETS CASE TO-DAY Looked Like Snre Winner. Camev. runnlnir strong on a straight '.aw for Its cities that abolishes at the Administration ticket in a district that primaries all party lines. To be brief, was first of all Socialist, second Repub- tms law permits any one to run for nom- llcan and lastly Democratic, looked like ination, provided, of course, he can get a sure winner. Then came the third some one to vote for him. When the ' Berger Indictment and north Milwaukee primaries open there may be twenty can- county revolted. The editorial and news mantes necking nomination. The two columns of the MTwaukoc Leader so suo men obtaining the greatest number of cessfully portrayed Berger as the martyr votes are the candidates whose names that those Independents who were going are presented at the election. to vote for the only available candidate Theoretically this does away with , Carney, flew to Berger in sheer sym- party machinery, and the Idea Is to ro-; pathy. Berger received 17,920 votes Juce elections to a more democratla status. However, there still exist a Re publican, a Democratic a Progressive .md a Socialist psrty, and each has pre served Its organization. Nominally Gov. Phlllpp heads the Republican machine. Wisconsin Is Republican by about 100,000 in normal times. The Democratic ma chine Is puny. It Is satisfied to throw its powers to the Republicans for what ir can get out of It. The Repub'lcan faction dominated by Senator 1a Follette Is the only uncertain quantity In the field. It may be fair to divide the faction Into five parts, throe f which are more than likely to throw themselves to the Socialist candidate and i he remaining two parts, being more onservatlve, cleave to the mother party. This leaves but the Socialists, led by l.lerger and Mayor Hoan, and by Win red Zanel, District Attorney of Mllwau l ee county, until the last named found 'iat he could not stomach tho St. Louis P atform and bolted. Zabel, the most ef- I licient prosecutor that Milwaukee ever j of heart Carney 12,460 and Stafford 10,578 It will be recalled that Senator La Fol'ette was proDatry the most bitter of the anti-war crowd In Washington His attitude had settled the question. It waa tint part of his following which would vote as he dictated, come what might, that went to Berger when Borg r proclaimed himself the victim of an oppressive and autocratic admlnlstra tion. The subsequent history of Berger's ex elusion from the House of Rcpresenta tlves Is of such recent date as to forbid repetition here. However, Berger had not returned from Washington after hearing himself condemned as not on'y unfit to sit in Congress but unworthy of American clt Ix nship before the executive council of th-- Socla'lst party In Milwaukee met and proclaimed him a hero and an nounced that the Socialists would send h'm back and would keep on sending him back until Congress had a change Close Contest Indicated. To predict Berger's election would be as daring as to predict his defeat. About the only venture one can make regarding the probable outcome of the elections Is that the difference between the two can didates will be little if any more than 1,000 votes. The Socialists claim victory a certainty with this margin. The Fustonlsts Insist that Henry H. Boden stab will defeat Berger by about 1.000. A survey of the normal division of the vote of the district gets one nowhere at all. There Is nothing normal about this fight It Is one of these enjoyable battles where the two gentlemen Involved lock themselves within a room, chuck the key out of the window and have at it. Probably no Congressional election In recent history baa drawn such general attention. It la a strictly class war, no matter how you view It. with Bolshevism on one side and Americanism on the other. To speak of Americanism In Milwaukee Is ad and the most powerful Npeaker In Socialist ranks. Is a marvellbus vote get ter. At present he bids fair to retain the District Attorneyship as long as he wants It. lie Is quite fearless, adm't edly square and legally able. The 8o- . iullsts cla'm that they read him out of iho party because of his failure to sub scribe to party principles. Znbel Insists rat he resigned be.-ause he couldn't find it In himself to repudiate America. Zabel Is Fighting- Heraer. Be that as It may, the fact Is that Z 'bel Is now fighting Berger, and great s the rejoicing In the BodVnstab carr.p. As a result of the non-partisan primary law In Wisconsin there are but two can- lidates for each city office. In the city Berg'-r came back to Milwaukee to be lionized. He Is a remarkable personal Ity. He can diffuse enthusiasm. He can arouse a lethargic audience to a dervish ike excitement. His tactics are who'ly undignified, but mighty effective He Is a dynamo of high spirits. He has a vocabu'ary that Is remarkable, vi triolic, lavish In adjectives and totally careless of the feelings of his opponents At first blush It looked as though he'd be returned to Congress by an amazing plurality. The people who had voted for him bfefore were beautifully unified. Hundreds of non-Socialist Inde p.ndents de-ni.d that Congress had flouted the Fifth Congressional district and the voters thereof. A week after the House of Representatives practically unanimous! v voted to exclude the Mll- f Milwaukee the Socialists are strong I waulcee Socialist It looked like folly for enough t- be assured that their ticket Will be In the surviving lists after the primaries. Naturally a non-partisan, so called. Is the other candidate. And de spite the law this candidate Is alwnys previously flxeu upon by Joint agree ment i e! ween the Republicans and the Democrats. But the non-partisan primary law for cities does not obtain In county eloe any opponent to take the field against Berger. Good Government Leasrne. There exists In the city of MI'waukce nn organization known as ihe Good Gov ernment League. Hundreds of American towns have Good Government leagU's. M-iwaukee's league is in no wise unique. tions. The old syrtem prevails In county " iiiiive m au . ,-.-. j,i, i that Americans want to pres-rve to tiona. Therefore Berger entered tWe America. It Is representative of what nld, seeking vindication, fully expecting; ; the majority of Americans have do- that there would be the old three cor manded at tho polls and have obtained. 7h. w..h'iT,n. th.l Tne Goo1 Government League of Mil nerd fight among the Repub.lcans, the k. ,,.,. k ... ,k. ...,.. ..... Democrats and the Socialists. With such I ' ."t ,h Jl' .1 r i , v , ,,.,. -.i,hi t,! -i.v.t.i Papers with the exception of the Leader, an array he was quite within his rights .. r. I i -. .... ,.h.,n sent out a call to the Democrat c and to forecast his reelection by a substan- ,.,., .,,. ,.,,,,, tial plurality, for the Fifth district u V" V, .TCSZT-S the strongest Socialist centre country, Fifth District's Limits. in the tre only method of beating Berger and showing the country that Berger was a minority rr preservative and not a symbol of the majority thought, that the two old narHen fu ,r- jinrt ,nlf fnrth Ann , rwt nl .1 -. . .1 . . ... U,k I .......... it happens, jiowever. uiai me r uw ; for whom all antl-Hergerites might vote Congress District comprises only tho northern half of Milwaukee county. To be exact, I It Is composed of fourteen ward of the city of Milwaukee, the city of North Milwaukee, the town of Mil waukee, Granville, Shorowood and Whltofleh Bay. Incidentally were the entire city of Milwaukee Involved, Ber ger's defeat would be a much surer thlig tl-an It Is. The southern half of the city of Milwaukee the Fourth Congressional District has a population as heteroge neous as that of the northern ha'f, but It There was no hesitancy. The Repub licans nominated five repres nt.-itlvrs, the Democrats five and the Good Gov ernment League ten. They met and after many candidates were reviewed Henry H. Bodenstab, a Republican, was fixed upon as the compromise nominee. Bodenstab Is of Germm descent He Is a lawyer who served one term In the State Legislature with credit to himself uid his party. Bodenstab Is not a gifted campaigner. He Is not In the same class with Berger Is a non-Soclallst element, chiefly Catho- j as an oralo: on the stump he Is un- llc. The Socialists of the north of the city are chiefly Oerman Lutherana Berger was first elected to Congres in 1910. It was the result of a three cornered fight In which Berger got 13,417 votes, Cochems. the Republican, 13.14", nnd Carney, the Democrat, 5,433. It impressive. But he Is as clean an ex ponent of all that America likes to have the world nccept as American as can he found in Milwaukee, or elsewhere. He has not the backing of a machine as efficient as that which the Socialists j have bnllf, but his slmp'e, strnlghtfnr- can ba s -en how narrow was Berger a j ward intform of Americanism Is being margin of victory. acclaim. by hundreds of voters who It was a straight party battle. There l nnve priae )n Milwaukee and Its environs than loyalty to any party. Platform of Negatives. It is typical of Berger that he should be running on a plntform of negatives. It Is a clover platform that means every was no war raging at the time. The country was prosperous ; almost every body who wanted to work waa working to araw aown upon ones seir the nicely i and a general satisfaction prevailed, forged literary thunderbolts that Victor Cochems was the La Follette candidate Berger hurls from his editorial offices, j and on form and all the dope he should He declaims that his is the real, slmon have won. But It was a Socialist year. pure, blown In the bottle Americanism, The city of Milwaukee h id decided that thing and nothing. Berger announces and that Henry Bodenstab Is a puppet It was going to do something radical In himself "ag.lnst" militarism and im who libels the name of Americanism. crder to get rid of David 8. Rosn, I)mo- periallsm. which after nil means noth But nevertheless and Ignoring for the crat, then Mayor, who prevlonsly Ing. He Is "against" prohibition, wbloh moment the soundness of the political held that office from 1898 to 1906. Is regarded as an entirely personal mat phllosophles represented by the two men, , It would be Idle to go Into the his- ter. Inasmuch as he csn do nothlng to the lines of battle are clear. Bodenstab tory of the rule of Rose. Sufficient to make Milwaukee county wet even if he represents those who would not radically say that It had so Irked a considerable were elected. He Is "against" the "so depart from the tenets to which Repub- majority of the best citizens of the city called" espionage act, and It Is agreed llcana Democrats and Liberals sub- that folks were ready to try nn thing be is an authority thereon. He Is rcrlbe. In other words, his platform ia that would be diametrically opposed to "against" meddling In the Internal af essentlally an American platform, reccg- ' what Rose had stood for. In this con-. fairs of Russia. Germany and Mexico, nixing nothing European. To him So- nectlon It may be said that the Repub- I His "agalnsts" are numerous and for clallsm Is a thing accursed an lmpossl- 'leans offered nothing that satisfied the the most part abnird for there Isn't a tie departure from the principles of the d'slre for a radical change In the city j candidate of anyue In any part of the Federal Constitution, and therefore administration. I country who'd dare come out for any worthy of nothing but damnation. j 'The volatile Emtl Seldel was offered of Berger's aversions. Anybody could I Dy rue oociaiiain. aeiur. us a kuuu iuii uii unirrs h i :n u.t tt.17 uckui. ' citizen ; had a ctean record in private The American Legion In Milwaukee Berger, on the contrary, would spread wera nothing If not antagonistic palgn and has officially declared Itself to this country the doctrines of Lenlne ,,ul n,. p.. , for iw.....h it i ,i..i ih. .,. and forever cast aside or subject to a offer So Mauie got book of Emll to house work. Hundreds of boys In wholly new Interpretation the Ameriran s . , , A d , , ,nt0 thft Mayor's olive drab and decorated with service chair with much waving of banners and and wound chevrons and wearing dec a great plurality. Seldel turned out to oration harettes are walking the streets Wonld Nullify on.Mtntloo Constitution and all Its amendments. His conception of free speech, to use an ex ample, Is so amazing as to make one wonder Just how long his Government, were he In position to dictate a new Gov ernment, would survive As a matter of be a better Socialist than a Mayor. More , and roads of Milwaukee county asking about that later, however. The wave that carried Seldel Into of fice sent Berger to Congress. Stripped fact, the Socialists ofMilwaukee, by their 0( A incidentals, that tells the story own splendid organization an') machine. ay the tribute of flattery to the political machines that they would overthrow, and announce that they would control by methods and means as autocratic as either of the ol , parties by constructing a machine that Is a model of efficiency. political wisdom an ! expediency. the people of the Fifth district to up hold them and the flag they fought under. Women do not vote In Wisconsin yet, but they are out working for the defeat of Berger. Bodenstab, himself, la only a symbol. It Is a fight for Ideals. It Is a hittle wherein the question of of Bergr's election In 1910 Seidel's administration was a trifle chaotic. No worthy lttack upon his In tentions can be made. He woo honest. He mnde th" great m'stake of trying to Americanism Is uppermost or the In Jam Socialism Into effect. He tried to lerpretatlon of Americanism, uproot Institutions of mature age and , The methods that Berger Is pursuing substitute therefor Innovations that to win; the !L-ht of the Socialists to In fine, Berger and his henehmen have were at best only theories and without 1 control Milwaukee; the Insidious propa- decldsd to fight fire with dynamite, and the test of experience. Moreover he turned ganda that the Berger outfit Is dls- the result Is that the Socialists of Mil- out to he Komcthlrur of a epnllsm in, ap- ! Tensing throughout the mldd'e West and waukee would fix upn the citizens of pointing Socialists to Jobs without re- ' the splendid organlrt'nn of the Berger that city a government no more demo- gard to their fitness. In brief, the ex- machine will be dea't with in the second cratic than the most conservative and ceuent thaorlea that he may have had . Instalment of this story, 6 1 Charge of Perjury Against Witness for Prosecution to Bo Heard. Judge Julian T. Mack In Federal Court will give to the Jury this morning the caae of Pasquale Plgnuolo, Depart ment of Justice agent, charged with ac cepting bribes from saloonkeepers In re turn for protection from the war time prohibition act V charge of perjury growing out of tho Plgnuolo caae, it Is expected, also will be heard before Judge Mack to day. That Is the case ot Edward Fitz gerald, a witness for the prosecution, whom Judge Mack charged with wilful lying on Monday, when the witness's statement on the stand became so con flicting that the Judge was Impelled to say "Jails are made for your kind." Fitzgerald waa already under ball pend ing a hearing upon another charge. t yesterday's hea-'ng of Chief Fly nn's charges that New York remained "wet1' In "dry" times because of the moro or less wholesale acceptance of bribes by Department of Justlcu agents Plgnuolo took the stand In hla own de fence and attorneys for both sides com pleted their arguments before the Jury. Though Plgnuolo is being tried sepa rably at his own request, Indicted with him on charges of conspiracy and extor tion of bribes from saloonkeepers lire Charles P. McCarver and William J. Polling, Department of Justice agents; nichnrd Yancoy, formerly of the Inter nal Revenue Department, and Morton P. Allen of Nashville, Tenn. On the stand Plgnuolo admitted he had visited a certain saloon but con tended that he had received no money. On the contrary, he aald, he went to warn the proprietors of fake revenue officers who wore extorting money from violators of the "dry" law. His visit to the saloon of Carey & Brennon at Sixth avenue and Twenty-eighth street after he had beon charged with accepting 160 graft from them waa for the purpose of asking them to testify In his behalf, he said. Plgnuolo reviewed his career In the Department of Justice, citing his In vestigation of liquor law violations, white slave cases, bomb outrages and a conspiracy to kill President Taft. Among character witnesses Introduced In Plgnuolo's behalf were Judge John C. Knox, United Stutes Commissioner'; San uel M. Hitchcock, Assistant District Attorney J. F. Mulqueen, William Ben nm and Albert O. Adams of the De partment of Justice. Special District Attorney Jamea W. Osborne 2d undertook to convince the Jury that Plgnuolo's story was unre liable and Inspired by self Interest. Will iam Fltts, attorney for the defence, en deavored to discredit the testimony of Carew and Brennan. BE SAFE; GET VACCINATED. ir. Copeland Issnoa Warning- With Hmallpoa It nut mi in Canada. As a precautionary measure, taken because smallpox Is reported to ba rav aging the southern Canadian provinces, Dr. Royal S Copelaml, Health Commis sioner, In a statement Issued yesterday, advised vaccination for all residents of New York city that have not been vac cinated In the last four years. Although the bureau of preventable diseases of the Health Department has reported no rases of smallpox in the city for several days and as there Is no cause for alarm because the State Board of Health la requlrlrg all persons cross ing the Canadian border to present evi dence of remit vaccination. Dr. Cope- land deems It wise to take the simple preventive means offered by vaccination. Taken From ship aa lied Leaden, Nsw OauUNS, Dec. 2. Jacob Abrams and Samuel Llteman, New York, and John J. Ballam, Boston, al leged radloal leaders, were arrested by federal agents here to-day, on the steamship Mexico, on which they were preparing to sail to Progreso, Mexico. Tiffany & Co. Firm Avenue 37 Strbbt Pearls and Pearl Necklaces ii A BOILED EGGS in are gi ven a rare relish by the addition of a few drops of suuei Eggs in any style art made more i (petizingby ne use of LEMEHS SAUCE TM ONIV CM .OINAL WOHCEgnBSMtW , Hive a bottle in the kitchen as vrell as on the table. ass- I ForSai uy Grocers 50c ma Aga'n Selling at Pre-War Prices The First Pneumatic Truck Tire -JW' ir'yf Built . i. U This was the first truck equipped with Pneu matic Truck Tires it was in 1911. The tires were Wobbies' fore-runners of 'Nobby Cords', the perfect pneumatic truck tires of today. This Truck Is Now In New York After eight years of continuous service on United States Pneumatic Truck Tires it is making a five thousand mile tour to show how 4 Nobby Cords' pneumatic truck tires: keep the truck on the road prolong truck life relieve shock and strain lessen depreciation cut repair bills prevent breakages increase operating radius save gasoline and oil consumption Mr. A. F. Masury, Chief Engineer of the International Motors Company, says: "We have received as high as 24,000 miles service on Nobby Cord Truck Tires. Our truck rides exceptionally well and no doubt due to this fact the cost of repair has been light." 5 st b United States Tires Good Tires .Mi.. lUi.M'ABiMvv -s -A -tm,. -, a - m , , , ... j t'. -S '..IsTJ Ur.nA. . i I HIIIMII ; " 11 I I. V - ' A. ' "1 J